Abstract

We report the first experimental observation of four-wave mixing (FWM) in single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) deposited on a D-shaped fiber. FWM-based tunable wavelength conversion of a 10 Gb/s non-return-to-zero signal is demonstrated using a 5-centimeter-long CNT-deposited D-shaped fiber. A power penalty of 4 dB power is obtained in the 10 Gb/s bit-error-rate measurements.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Iijima and T. Ichihashi, "Single shell carbon nanotubes of one nanometer diameter," Nature 363, 603-605 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Ph. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, "Carbon Nanotube Optics and Optoelectronics," Nat. Photon. 2, 341-350 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, "Ultrafast fiber pulsed lasers incorporating carbon nanotubes," IEEE J. Select.Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137-146 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Yamashita, Y. Inoue, S. Maruyama, Y. Murakami, H. Yaguchi, M. Jablonski, and S. Y. Set, "Saturable absorbers incorporating carbon nanotubes directly synthesized onto substrates/fibers and their applications to mode-locked fiber lasers," Opt. Lett. 29, 1581-1583 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-walled carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 ?m," App. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, "Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications," Adv. Mater. 15, 534-537 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, "A noise suppressing satiable absorber at 1550 nm based on carbon nanotube technology," in Proc. OFC 2003, paper FL2, Atlanta, GA, USA (2003).
  9. Vl. A. Margulis, E. A. Gaiduk, and E. N. Zhidkin, "Third-order optical nonlinearity of semiconductor carbon nanotubes: third harmonic generation," Diamond Relat. Mater. 8, 1240-1245 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Vl. A. Margulis, E. A. Gaiduk, and E. N. Zhidkin, "Optical third-harmonic generation from an array of aligned carbon nanotubes with randomly distributed diameters," Diamond Relat. Mater. 10, 27-32 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. W. Song, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, "Novel Kerr shutter using carbon nanotubes deposited onto a 5-cm D-shaped fiber," in Proc. CLEO 2006, paper CMA4, Long Beach, CA, USA (2006).
  12. K. K. Chow, S. Yamashita, and Y. W. Song, "A widely tunable wavelength converter based on nonlinear polarization rotation in a carbon-nanotube-deposited D-shaped fiber," Opt. Express 17, 7664-7669 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-9-7664.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, H. Yaguchi, C. S. Goh, and S. Y. Set, "All optical switching using carbon nanotubes loaded planar waveguide," in Proc. CLEO 2006, paper CMA5, Long Beach, CA, USA (2006).
  14. K. C. Jena, P. B. Bisht, M. M. Shaijumon, and S. Ramaprabhu, "Study of optical nonlinearity of functionalized multi-wall carbon nanotubes by using degenerate four wave mixing and Z-scan techniques," Opt. Commun. 273, 153-158 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics 3rd ed. (New York: Academic, 210-216 2001).

2009

2008

Ph. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, "Carbon Nanotube Optics and Optoelectronics," Nat. Photon. 2, 341-350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

K. C. Jena, P. B. Bisht, M. M. Shaijumon, and S. Ramaprabhu, "Study of optical nonlinearity of functionalized multi-wall carbon nanotubes by using degenerate four wave mixing and Z-scan techniques," Opt. Commun. 273, 153-158 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, "Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications," Adv. Mater. 15, 534-537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-walled carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 ?m," App. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

Vl. A. Margulis, E. A. Gaiduk, and E. N. Zhidkin, "Optical third-harmonic generation from an array of aligned carbon nanotubes with randomly distributed diameters," Diamond Relat. Mater. 10, 27-32 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

Vl. A. Margulis, E. A. Gaiduk, and E. N. Zhidkin, "Third-order optical nonlinearity of semiconductor carbon nanotubes: third harmonic generation," Diamond Relat. Mater. 8, 1240-1245 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993

S. Iijima and T. Ichihashi, "Single shell carbon nanotubes of one nanometer diameter," Nature 363, 603-605 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ajayan, P. M.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-walled carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 ?m," App. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Avouris, Ph.

Ph. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, "Carbon Nanotube Optics and Optoelectronics," Nat. Photon. 2, 341-350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bisht, P. B.

K. C. Jena, P. B. Bisht, M. M. Shaijumon, and S. Ramaprabhu, "Study of optical nonlinearity of functionalized multi-wall carbon nanotubes by using degenerate four wave mixing and Z-scan techniques," Opt. Commun. 273, 153-158 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. C.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-walled carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 ?m," App. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chow, K. K.

Colbert, D. T.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dai, H.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. A. Gaiduk,

Vl. A. Margulis, E. A. Gaiduk, and E. N. Zhidkin, "Optical third-harmonic generation from an array of aligned carbon nanotubes with randomly distributed diameters," Diamond Relat. Mater. 10, 27-32 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. N. Zhidkin,

Vl. A. Margulis, E. A. Gaiduk, and E. N. Zhidkin, "Optical third-harmonic generation from an array of aligned carbon nanotubes with randomly distributed diameters," Diamond Relat. Mater. 10, 27-32 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, J. E.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Freitag, M.

Ph. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, "Carbon Nanotube Optics and Optoelectronics," Nat. Photon. 2, 341-350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Furuki, M.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, "Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications," Adv. Mater. 15, 534-537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gaiduk, E. A.

Vl. A. Margulis, E. A. Gaiduk, and E. N. Zhidkin, "Third-order optical nonlinearity of semiconductor carbon nanotubes: third harmonic generation," Diamond Relat. Mater. 8, 1240-1245 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ichihashi, T.

S. Iijima and T. Ichihashi, "Single shell carbon nanotubes of one nanometer diameter," Nature 363, 603-605 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Iijima, S.

S. Iijima and T. Ichihashi, "Single shell carbon nanotubes of one nanometer diameter," Nature 363, 603-605 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, Y.

Iwasa, I.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, "Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications," Adv. Mater. 15, 534-537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jablonski, M.

Jena, K. C.

K. C. Jena, P. B. Bisht, M. M. Shaijumon, and S. Ramaprabhu, "Study of optical nonlinearity of functionalized multi-wall carbon nanotubes by using degenerate four wave mixing and Z-scan techniques," Opt. Commun. 273, 153-158 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. G.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, R.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, Y. H.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, T. M.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-walled carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 ?m," App. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Margulis, Vl. A.

Vl. A. Margulis, E. A. Gaiduk, and E. N. Zhidkin, "Third-order optical nonlinearity of semiconductor carbon nanotubes: third harmonic generation," Diamond Relat. Mater. 8, 1240-1245 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Maruyama, S.

Mitsu, H.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, "Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications," Adv. Mater. 15, 534-537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Murakami, Y.

Nikolaev, P.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perebeinos, V.

Ph. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, "Carbon Nanotube Optics and Optoelectronics," Nat. Photon. 2, 341-350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Petit, P.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ramaprabhu, S.

K. C. Jena, P. B. Bisht, M. M. Shaijumon, and S. Ramaprabhu, "Study of optical nonlinearity of functionalized multi-wall carbon nanotubes by using degenerate four wave mixing and Z-scan techniques," Opt. Commun. 273, 153-158 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Raravikar, N. R.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-walled carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 ?m," App. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Robert, J.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sato, Y.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, "Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications," Adv. Mater. 15, 534-537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schadler, L. S.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-walled carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 ?m," App. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Scuseria, G.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Set, S. Y.

Shaijumon, M. M.

K. C. Jena, P. B. Bisht, M. M. Shaijumon, and S. Ramaprabhu, "Study of optical nonlinearity of functionalized multi-wall carbon nanotubes by using degenerate four wave mixing and Z-scan techniques," Opt. Commun. 273, 153-158 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Smalley, R. E.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, Y. W.

Tanaka, Y.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, "Ultrafast fiber pulsed lasers incorporating carbon nanotubes," IEEE J. Select.Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137-146 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tatsuura, S.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, "Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications," Adv. Mater. 15, 534-537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Thess, A.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tian, M.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, "Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications," Adv. Mater. 15, 534-537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tománek, D.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vl. A. Margulis,

Vl. A. Margulis, E. A. Gaiduk, and E. N. Zhidkin, "Optical third-harmonic generation from an array of aligned carbon nanotubes with randomly distributed diameters," Diamond Relat. Mater. 10, 27-32 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G. C.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-walled carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 ?m," App. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yaguchi, H.

Yamashita, S.

Zhang, X. C.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-walled carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 ?m," App. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y. P.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-walled carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 ?m," App. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhidkin, E. N.

Vl. A. Margulis, E. A. Gaiduk, and E. N. Zhidkin, "Third-order optical nonlinearity of semiconductor carbon nanotubes: third harmonic generation," Diamond Relat. Mater. 8, 1240-1245 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

S. Tatsuura, M. Furuki, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and H. Mitsu, "Semiconductor carbon nanotubes as ultrafast switching materials for optical telecommunications," Adv. Mater. 15, 534-537 (2003).
[CrossRef]

App. Phys. Lett.

Y. C. Chen, N. R. Raravikar, L. S. Schadler, P. M. Ajayan, Y. P. Zhao, T. M. Lu, G. C. Wang, and X. C. Zhang, "Ultrafast optical switching properties of single-walled carbon nanotube polymer composites at 1.55 ?m," App. Phys. Lett. 81, 975-977 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Diamond Relat. Mater.

Vl. A. Margulis, E. A. Gaiduk, and E. N. Zhidkin, "Third-order optical nonlinearity of semiconductor carbon nanotubes: third harmonic generation," Diamond Relat. Mater. 8, 1240-1245 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vl. A. Margulis, E. A. Gaiduk, and E. N. Zhidkin, "Optical third-harmonic generation from an array of aligned carbon nanotubes with randomly distributed diameters," Diamond Relat. Mater. 10, 27-32 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Select.

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, "Ultrafast fiber pulsed lasers incorporating carbon nanotubes," IEEE J. Select.Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 137-146 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon.

Ph. Avouris, M. Freitag, and V. Perebeinos, "Carbon Nanotube Optics and Optoelectronics," Nat. Photon. 2, 341-350 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature

S. Iijima and T. Ichihashi, "Single shell carbon nanotubes of one nanometer diameter," Nature 363, 603-605 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

K. C. Jena, P. B. Bisht, M. M. Shaijumon, and S. Ramaprabhu, "Study of optical nonlinearity of functionalized multi-wall carbon nanotubes by using degenerate four wave mixing and Z-scan techniques," Opt. Commun. 273, 153-158 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Science

A. Thess, R. Lee, P. Nikolaev, H. Dai, P. Petit, J. Robert, C. Xu,Y. H. Lee, S. G. Kim, D. T. Colbert, G. Scuseria, D. Tománek, J. E. Fischer, and R. E. Smalley, "Crystalline ropes of metallic carbon nanotubes," Science 273, 483-487 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

S. Y. Set, H. Yaguchi, Y. Tanaka, and M. Jablonski, "A noise suppressing satiable absorber at 1550 nm based on carbon nanotube technology," in Proc. OFC 2003, paper FL2, Atlanta, GA, USA (2003).

K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, H. Yaguchi, C. S. Goh, and S. Y. Set, "All optical switching using carbon nanotubes loaded planar waveguide," in Proc. CLEO 2006, paper CMA5, Long Beach, CA, USA (2006).

Y. W. Song, S. Y. Set, and S. Yamashita, "Novel Kerr shutter using carbon nanotubes deposited onto a 5-cm D-shaped fiber," in Proc. CLEO 2006, paper CMA4, Long Beach, CA, USA (2006).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics 3rd ed. (New York: Academic, 210-216 2001).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic illustration of D-shaped fiber with single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) deposited on the polished surface (SEM image: magnification 50K); (b) absorption spectrum of the deposited SWCNTs measured by a spectrophotometer; and (c) photo of the finished SWCNT-deposited D-shaped fiber in a V-grooved block with single-mode fiber pigtails.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup on four-wave mixing in a SWCNT-deposited D-shaped fiber. ECL: external cavity laser; EDFA: erbium-doped fiber amplifier; OSA: optical spectrum analyzer; BERT: bit-error rate test set.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Continuous-wave four-wave mixing spectrum obtained after the SWCNT-deposited D-shaped fiber.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Four-wave mixing spectrum obtained after the SWCNT-deposited D-shaped fiber with input signal modulated at 10 Gb/s and the corresponding close-up views of (b) input signal and (c) converted signal.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Plot of conversion efficiency against signal wavelength detuning.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Plot of bit-error rate against received optical power; inset (upper) and (lower) show the 10 Gb/s eye-diagrams of the input and the converted signal, respectively.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

η(L)=(γPL)2

Metrics