Abstract

We report optical near field characterization of a GaAs photonic crystal waveguide which is side coupled to a nano cavity. We observe the effect of the metal coated probe on the resonance wavelength and the intensity distribution. The measurements fit well to finite difference time domain simulations.

© 2009 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. Srinivasam, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Optical-fiber-based measurement of an ultrasmall volume high-Q photonic crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R), (2004).
  2. P. Kramper, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, U. Gösele, R. B. Wehrspohn, J. Mlynek, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field visualization of light confinement in a photonic crystal microresonator,” Opt. Lett. 29(2), 174–176 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. F. Koenderink, M. Kafesaki, B. C. Buchler, and V. Sandoghdar, “Controlling the resonance of a photonic crystal microcavity by a near-field probe,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153904 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. V. S. Volkov, I. Bozhevolnyi, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, and M. Kristensen, “Near-field characterization of low-loss photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 72(3), 035118 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. Louvion, A. Rahmani, C. Seassal, S. Callard, D. Gérard, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field observation of subwavelength confinement of photoluminescence by a photonic crystal microcavity,” Opt. Lett. 31(14), 2160–2162 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. W. C. L. Hopman, K. O. van der Werf, A. J. Hollink, W. Bogaerts, V. Subramaniam, and R. M. de Ridder, “Nano-mechanical tuning and imaging of a photonic crystal micro-cavity resonance,” Opt. Express 14(19), 8745–8752 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. I. Märki, M. Salt, and H. P. Herzig, “Tuning the resonance of a photonic crystal microcavity with an AFM probe,” Opt. Express 14(7), 2969–2978 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. Mujumdar, A. F. Koenderink, T. Sünner, B. C. Buchler, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field imaging and frequency tuning of a high-Q photonic crystal membrane microcavity,” Opt. Express 15(25), 17214–17220 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. L. Lalouat, B. Cluzel, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. H. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, E. Hadji, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field interactions between a subwavelength tip and a small-volume photonic-crystal nanocavity,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 041102 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. C. L. Hopman, R. Stoffer, and R. M. de Ridder, “High-resolution measurement of resonant wave patterns by perturbing the evanescent field using a nanosized probe in a transmission scanning near-field optical microspopy configuration,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(7), 1811–1818 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. C. L. Hopman, K. O. van der Werf, A. J. F. Hollink, W. Bogaerts, V. Subramaniam, and R. M. de Ridder, “Modeling and experimental verification of the dynamic interaction of an AFM-tip with a photonic crystal microcavity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(1), 57–59 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Quyn-Vy Tran, Combrie, and A. de Rossi, “Directive emission from high-Q photonic crystal cavities through band folding,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 041101(R), (2009).
  13. A. Lewis, K. Lieberman, N. Ben-Ami, G. Fish, E. Khachatryan, U. Ben-Ami, and S. Shalom, “New design and imaging concepts in NSOM,” Ultramicroscopy 61(1-4), 215–220 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  14. http://www.nanonics.co.il
  15. D. Gready, Electrical Engineering Dept. Technion, Haifa Israel (personal communication)

2009

S. Quyn-Vy Tran, Combrie, and A. de Rossi, “Directive emission from high-Q photonic crystal cavities through band folding,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 041101(R), (2009).

2008

W. C. L. Hopman, K. O. van der Werf, A. J. F. Hollink, W. Bogaerts, V. Subramaniam, and R. M. de Ridder, “Modeling and experimental verification of the dynamic interaction of an AFM-tip with a photonic crystal microcavity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(1), 57–59 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

2005

A. F. Koenderink, M. Kafesaki, B. C. Buchler, and V. Sandoghdar, “Controlling the resonance of a photonic crystal microcavity by a near-field probe,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. S. Volkov, I. Bozhevolnyi, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, and M. Kristensen, “Near-field characterization of low-loss photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 72(3), 035118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

K. Srinivasam, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Optical-fiber-based measurement of an ultrasmall volume high-Q photonic crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R), (2004).

P. Kramper, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, U. Gösele, R. B. Wehrspohn, J. Mlynek, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field visualization of light confinement in a photonic crystal microresonator,” Opt. Lett. 29(2), 174–176 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

A. Lewis, K. Lieberman, N. Ben-Ami, G. Fish, E. Khachatryan, U. Ben-Ami, and S. Shalom, “New design and imaging concepts in NSOM,” Ultramicroscopy 61(1-4), 215–220 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Barclay, P. E.

K. Srinivasam, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Optical-fiber-based measurement of an ultrasmall volume high-Q photonic crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R), (2004).

Ben-Ami, N.

A. Lewis, K. Lieberman, N. Ben-Ami, G. Fish, E. Khachatryan, U. Ben-Ami, and S. Shalom, “New design and imaging concepts in NSOM,” Ultramicroscopy 61(1-4), 215–220 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ben-Ami, U.

A. Lewis, K. Lieberman, N. Ben-Ami, G. Fish, E. Khachatryan, U. Ben-Ami, and S. Shalom, “New design and imaging concepts in NSOM,” Ultramicroscopy 61(1-4), 215–220 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Birner, A.

Bogaerts, W.

W. C. L. Hopman, K. O. van der Werf, A. J. F. Hollink, W. Bogaerts, V. Subramaniam, and R. M. de Ridder, “Modeling and experimental verification of the dynamic interaction of an AFM-tip with a photonic crystal microcavity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(1), 57–59 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. C. L. Hopman, K. O. van der Werf, A. J. Hollink, W. Bogaerts, V. Subramaniam, and R. M. de Ridder, “Nano-mechanical tuning and imaging of a photonic crystal micro-cavity resonance,” Opt. Express 14(19), 8745–8752 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Borel, P. I.

V. S. Volkov, I. Bozhevolnyi, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, and M. Kristensen, “Near-field characterization of low-loss photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 72(3), 035118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Borselli, M.

K. Srinivasam, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Optical-fiber-based measurement of an ultrasmall volume high-Q photonic crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R), (2004).

Bozhevolnyi, I.

V. S. Volkov, I. Bozhevolnyi, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, and M. Kristensen, “Near-field characterization of low-loss photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 72(3), 035118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Buchler, B. C.

S. Mujumdar, A. F. Koenderink, T. Sünner, B. C. Buchler, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field imaging and frequency tuning of a high-Q photonic crystal membrane microcavity,” Opt. Express 15(25), 17214–17220 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. F. Koenderink, M. Kafesaki, B. C. Buchler, and V. Sandoghdar, “Controlling the resonance of a photonic crystal microcavity by a near-field probe,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Callard, S.

Cluzel, B.

L. Lalouat, B. Cluzel, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. H. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, E. Hadji, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field interactions between a subwavelength tip and a small-volume photonic-crystal nanocavity,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Combrie,

S. Quyn-Vy Tran, Combrie, and A. de Rossi, “Directive emission from high-Q photonic crystal cavities through band folding,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 041101(R), (2009).

de Fornel, F.

L. Lalouat, B. Cluzel, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. H. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, E. Hadji, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field interactions between a subwavelength tip and a small-volume photonic-crystal nanocavity,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Louvion, A. Rahmani, C. Seassal, S. Callard, D. Gérard, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field observation of subwavelength confinement of photoluminescence by a photonic crystal microcavity,” Opt. Lett. 31(14), 2160–2162 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Ridder, R. M.

de Rossi, A.

S. Quyn-Vy Tran, Combrie, and A. de Rossi, “Directive emission from high-Q photonic crystal cavities through band folding,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 041101(R), (2009).

Fish, G.

A. Lewis, K. Lieberman, N. Ben-Ami, G. Fish, E. Khachatryan, U. Ben-Ami, and S. Shalom, “New design and imaging concepts in NSOM,” Ultramicroscopy 61(1-4), 215–220 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Forchel, A.

Frandsen, L. H.

V. S. Volkov, I. Bozhevolnyi, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, and M. Kristensen, “Near-field characterization of low-loss photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 72(3), 035118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gérard, D.

Gösele, U.

Hadji, E.

L. Lalouat, B. Cluzel, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. H. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, E. Hadji, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field interactions between a subwavelength tip and a small-volume photonic-crystal nanocavity,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Herzig, H. P.

Hollink, A. J.

Hollink, A. J. F.

W. C. L. Hopman, K. O. van der Werf, A. J. F. Hollink, W. Bogaerts, V. Subramaniam, and R. M. de Ridder, “Modeling and experimental verification of the dynamic interaction of an AFM-tip with a photonic crystal microcavity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(1), 57–59 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hopman, W. C. L.

Hugonin, J. H.

L. Lalouat, B. Cluzel, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. H. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, E. Hadji, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field interactions between a subwavelength tip and a small-volume photonic-crystal nanocavity,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kafesaki, M.

A. F. Koenderink, M. Kafesaki, B. C. Buchler, and V. Sandoghdar, “Controlling the resonance of a photonic crystal microcavity by a near-field probe,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kramper, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, A. Birner, F. Müller, U. Gösele, R. B. Wehrspohn, J. Mlynek, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field visualization of light confinement in a photonic crystal microresonator,” Opt. Lett. 29(2), 174–176 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kamp, M.

Khachatryan, E.

A. Lewis, K. Lieberman, N. Ben-Ami, G. Fish, E. Khachatryan, U. Ben-Ami, and S. Shalom, “New design and imaging concepts in NSOM,” Ultramicroscopy 61(1-4), 215–220 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Koenderink, A. F.

S. Mujumdar, A. F. Koenderink, T. Sünner, B. C. Buchler, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, and V. Sandoghdar, “Near-field imaging and frequency tuning of a high-Q photonic crystal membrane microcavity,” Opt. Express 15(25), 17214–17220 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. F. Koenderink, M. Kafesaki, B. C. Buchler, and V. Sandoghdar, “Controlling the resonance of a photonic crystal microcavity by a near-field probe,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kramper, P.

Kristensen, M.

V. S. Volkov, I. Bozhevolnyi, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, and M. Kristensen, “Near-field characterization of low-loss photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 72(3), 035118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lalanne, P.

L. Lalouat, B. Cluzel, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. H. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, E. Hadji, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field interactions between a subwavelength tip and a small-volume photonic-crystal nanocavity,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lalouat, L.

L. Lalouat, B. Cluzel, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. H. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, E. Hadji, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field interactions between a subwavelength tip and a small-volume photonic-crystal nanocavity,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lewis, A.

A. Lewis, K. Lieberman, N. Ben-Ami, G. Fish, E. Khachatryan, U. Ben-Ami, and S. Shalom, “New design and imaging concepts in NSOM,” Ultramicroscopy 61(1-4), 215–220 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lieberman, K.

A. Lewis, K. Lieberman, N. Ben-Ami, G. Fish, E. Khachatryan, U. Ben-Ami, and S. Shalom, “New design and imaging concepts in NSOM,” Ultramicroscopy 61(1-4), 215–220 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Louvion, N.

Märki, I.

Mlynek, J.

Mujumdar, S.

Müller, F.

Painter, O.

K. Srinivasam, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Optical-fiber-based measurement of an ultrasmall volume high-Q photonic crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R), (2004).

Peyrade, D.

L. Lalouat, B. Cluzel, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. H. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, E. Hadji, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field interactions between a subwavelength tip and a small-volume photonic-crystal nanocavity,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Picard, E.

L. Lalouat, B. Cluzel, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. H. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, E. Hadji, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field interactions between a subwavelength tip and a small-volume photonic-crystal nanocavity,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Quyn-Vy Tran, S.

S. Quyn-Vy Tran, Combrie, and A. de Rossi, “Directive emission from high-Q photonic crystal cavities through band folding,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 041101(R), (2009).

Rahmani, A.

Salt, M.

Sandoghdar, V.

Seassal, C.

Shalom, S.

A. Lewis, K. Lieberman, N. Ben-Ami, G. Fish, E. Khachatryan, U. Ben-Ami, and S. Shalom, “New design and imaging concepts in NSOM,” Ultramicroscopy 61(1-4), 215–220 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

Srinivasam, K.

K. Srinivasam, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Optical-fiber-based measurement of an ultrasmall volume high-Q photonic crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R), (2004).

Stoffer, R.

Subramaniam, V.

W. C. L. Hopman, K. O. van der Werf, A. J. F. Hollink, W. Bogaerts, V. Subramaniam, and R. M. de Ridder, “Modeling and experimental verification of the dynamic interaction of an AFM-tip with a photonic crystal microcavity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(1), 57–59 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. C. L. Hopman, K. O. van der Werf, A. J. Hollink, W. Bogaerts, V. Subramaniam, and R. M. de Ridder, “Nano-mechanical tuning and imaging of a photonic crystal micro-cavity resonance,” Opt. Express 14(19), 8745–8752 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sünner, T.

van der Werf, K. O.

W. C. L. Hopman, K. O. van der Werf, A. J. F. Hollink, W. Bogaerts, V. Subramaniam, and R. M. de Ridder, “Modeling and experimental verification of the dynamic interaction of an AFM-tip with a photonic crystal microcavity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(1), 57–59 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. C. L. Hopman, K. O. van der Werf, A. J. Hollink, W. Bogaerts, V. Subramaniam, and R. M. de Ridder, “Nano-mechanical tuning and imaging of a photonic crystal micro-cavity resonance,” Opt. Express 14(19), 8745–8752 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Velha, P.

L. Lalouat, B. Cluzel, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. H. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, E. Hadji, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field interactions between a subwavelength tip and a small-volume photonic-crystal nanocavity,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Volkov, V. S.

V. S. Volkov, I. Bozhevolnyi, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, and M. Kristensen, “Near-field characterization of low-loss photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 72(3), 035118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wehrspohn, R. B.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

W. C. L. Hopman, K. O. van der Werf, A. J. F. Hollink, W. Bogaerts, V. Subramaniam, and R. M. de Ridder, “Modeling and experimental verification of the dynamic interaction of an AFM-tip with a photonic crystal microcavity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(1), 57–59 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

S. Quyn-Vy Tran, Combrie, and A. de Rossi, “Directive emission from high-Q photonic crystal cavities through band folding,” Phys. Rev. B 79, 041101(R), (2009).

V. S. Volkov, I. Bozhevolnyi, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, and M. Kristensen, “Near-field characterization of low-loss photonic crystal waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 72(3), 035118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Srinivasam, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Optical-fiber-based measurement of an ultrasmall volume high-Q photonic crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R), (2004).

L. Lalouat, B. Cluzel, P. Velha, E. Picard, D. Peyrade, J. H. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, E. Hadji, and F. de Fornel, “Near-field interactions between a subwavelength tip and a small-volume photonic-crystal nanocavity,” Phys. Rev. B 76(4), 041102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. F. Koenderink, M. Kafesaki, B. C. Buchler, and V. Sandoghdar, “Controlling the resonance of a photonic crystal microcavity by a near-field probe,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ultramicroscopy

A. Lewis, K. Lieberman, N. Ben-Ami, G. Fish, E. Khachatryan, U. Ben-Ami, and S. Shalom, “New design and imaging concepts in NSOM,” Ultramicroscopy 61(1-4), 215–220 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other

http://www.nanonics.co.il

D. Gready, Electrical Engineering Dept. Technion, Haifa Israel (personal communication)

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) AFM image of the waveguide and cavity, (b) Simulated distribution of Ey at resonance, (c) Measured off-plane emission from the cavity (blue) with a Lorenzian fit (red).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental schematic of (a) the far field and (b) the SNOM imaging system.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) AFM image of the waveguide. Near field images of propagation along the waveguide and line scans for TE input (b, d, respectively) and for TM input (c, e, respectively).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Simulated spectra for different tip locations shown schematically (in corresponding colors) in (b). The blue trace is the spectrum with no tip.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

AFM and SNOM images for different excitation wavelengths. All traces shown have the same intensity scale.

Metrics