Abstract

We experimentally investigate the wavelength effect on high-order harmonic generation (HHG) in CH4 molecules and Xe atoms driven by a tunable infrared parametric source, and observe that the molecular HHG around the vibrational resonance is more sensitive to the driver wavelength than HHG from an atomic gas with comparable ionization potential. The results can be attributed to the light nuclear motion induced by the driving laser field, and it becomes possible to control the proton vibration in the molecular HHG by tuning the infrared wavelength of the driving laser.

© 2009 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. R. de Nalda, E. Heesel, M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, E. Springate, M. Castillejo, and J. P. Marangos, “Role of orbital symmetry in high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 69(3), 031804 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, “Quantum interference during high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Nature 435(7041), 470–474 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Itatani, D. Zeidler, J. Levesque, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling high harmonic generation with molecular wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(12), 123902 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Yu. Ivanov and P. B. Corkum, “Generation of high-order harmonics from inertially confined molecular ions,” Phys. Rev. A 48(1), 580–590 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature 432(7019), 867–871 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. Liu, P. Yu, Z. Zeng, H. Xiong, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser intensity dependence of high-order harmonic generation from aligned CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 78(1), 015802 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. Wei, P. Liu, J. Chen, Z. Zeng, X. Guo, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-field-related recombination interference in high-order harmonic generation from CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 79(5), 053814 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. N. L. Wagner, A. Wüest, I. P. Christov, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Monitoring molecular dynamics using coherent electrons from high harmonic generation,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(36), 13279–13285 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. Patchkovskii, “Nuclear Dynamics in Polyatomic Molecules and High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 253602 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Lein, “Attosecond probing of vibrational dynamics with high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(5), 053004 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, S. Kawai, and H. Lu, “Effect of nuclear motion on molecular high-order harmonics and on generation of attosecond pulses in intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153901 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. S. Baker, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, H. Teng, R. A. Smith, C. C. Chirilã, M. Lein, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing proton dynamics in molecules on an attosecond time scale,” Science 312(5772), 424–427 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. C. Vozzi, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, O. Svelto, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, and G. Cerullo, “High-energy, few-optical-cycle pulses at 1.5 µm with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10109–10116 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, S. Gasilov, G. Sansone, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Millijoule-level phase-stabilized few-optical-cycle infrared parametric source,” Opt. Lett. 32(20), 2957–2959 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. P. Wei, C. Li, C. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. Leng, and R. Li, “High-Conversion-Efficiency and Broadband Tunable Femtosecond Noncollinear Optical Parametric Amplifier,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(7), 2514–2517 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. C. Zhang, P. Wei, Y. Huang, Y. Leng, Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Tunable phase-stabilized infrared optical parametric amplifier for high order harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. Submitted.
    [PubMed]
  21. P. M. Morse, “Diatomic molecules according to the wave mechanics. II. Vibrational levels,” Phys. Rev. 34(1), 57–64 (1929).
    [CrossRef]
  22. J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(1), 013901 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. March, G. Paulus, H. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  24. M. Frolov, N. Manakov, T. Sarantseva, M. Emelin, M. Ryabikin, and A. Starace, “Analytic Description of the High-Energy Plateau in Harmonic Generation by Atoms: Can the Harmonic Power Increase with Increasing Laser Wavelengths?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(24), 243901 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

P. Wei, P. Liu, J. Chen, Z. Zeng, X. Guo, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-field-related recombination interference in high-order harmonic generation from CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 79(5), 053814 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Patchkovskii, “Nuclear Dynamics in Polyatomic Molecules and High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 253602 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Frolov, N. Manakov, T. Sarantseva, M. Emelin, M. Ryabikin, and A. Starace, “Analytic Description of the High-Energy Plateau in Harmonic Generation by Atoms: Can the Harmonic Power Increase with Increasing Laser Wavelengths?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(24), 243901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. March, G. Paulus, H. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Wei, C. Li, C. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. Leng, and R. Li, “High-Conversion-Efficiency and Broadband Tunable Femtosecond Noncollinear Optical Parametric Amplifier,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(7), 2514–2517 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, S. Kawai, and H. Lu, “Effect of nuclear motion on molecular high-order harmonics and on generation of attosecond pulses in intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Liu, P. Yu, Z. Zeng, H. Xiong, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser intensity dependence of high-order harmonic generation from aligned CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 78(1), 015802 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, S. Gasilov, G. Sansone, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Millijoule-level phase-stabilized few-optical-cycle infrared parametric source,” Opt. Lett. 32(20), 2957–2959 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(1), 013901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

N. L. Wagner, A. Wüest, I. P. Christov, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Monitoring molecular dynamics using coherent electrons from high harmonic generation,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(36), 13279–13285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Baker, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, H. Teng, R. A. Smith, C. C. Chirilã, M. Lein, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing proton dynamics in molecules on an attosecond time scale,” Science 312(5772), 424–427 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, O. Svelto, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, and G. Cerullo, “High-energy, few-optical-cycle pulses at 1.5 µm with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10109–10116 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, “Quantum interference during high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Nature 435(7041), 470–474 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Itatani, D. Zeidler, J. Levesque, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling high harmonic generation with molecular wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(12), 123902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lein, “Attosecond probing of vibrational dynamics with high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(5), 053004 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature 432(7019), 867–871 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. de Nalda, E. Heesel, M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, E. Springate, M. Castillejo, and J. P. Marangos, “Role of orbital symmetry in high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 69(3), 031804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (2)

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yu. Ivanov and P. B. Corkum, “Generation of high-order harmonics from inertially confined molecular ions,” Phys. Rev. A 48(1), 580–590 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1929 (1)

P. M. Morse, “Diatomic molecules according to the wave mechanics. II. Vibrational levels,” Phys. Rev. 34(1), 57–64 (1929).
[CrossRef]

Agostini, P.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. March, G. Paulus, H. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(1), 013901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Altucci, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Auguste, T.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(1), 013901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Avaldi, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baker, S.

S. Baker, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, H. Teng, R. A. Smith, C. C. Chirilã, M. Lein, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing proton dynamics in molecules on an attosecond time scale,” Science 312(5772), 424–427 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bandrauk, A. D.

A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, S. Kawai, and H. Lu, “Effect of nuclear motion on molecular high-order harmonics and on generation of attosecond pulses in intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benedetti, E.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, S. Gasilov, G. Sansone, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Millijoule-level phase-stabilized few-optical-cycle infrared parametric source,” Opt. Lett. 32(20), 2957–2959 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, O. Svelto, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, and G. Cerullo, “High-energy, few-optical-cycle pulses at 1.5 µm with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10109–10116 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blaga, C.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. March, G. Paulus, H. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brabec, T.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Calegari, F.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, S. Gasilov, G. Sansone, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Millijoule-level phase-stabilized few-optical-cycle infrared parametric source,” Opt. Lett. 32(20), 2957–2959 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, O. Svelto, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, and G. Cerullo, “High-energy, few-optical-cycle pulses at 1.5 µm with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10109–10116 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Castillejo, M.

R. de Nalda, E. Heesel, M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, E. Springate, M. Castillejo, and J. P. Marangos, “Role of orbital symmetry in high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 69(3), 031804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Catoire, F.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. March, G. Paulus, H. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Caumes, J.-P.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cerullo, G.

Chelkowski, S.

A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, S. Kawai, and H. Lu, “Effect of nuclear motion on molecular high-order harmonics and on generation of attosecond pulses in intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

P. Wei, P. Liu, J. Chen, Z. Zeng, X. Guo, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-field-related recombination interference in high-order harmonic generation from CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 79(5), 053814 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chirilã, C. C.

S. Baker, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, H. Teng, R. A. Smith, C. C. Chirilã, M. Lein, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing proton dynamics in molecules on an attosecond time scale,” Science 312(5772), 424–427 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chirla, R.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. March, G. Paulus, H. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Christov, I. P.

N. L. Wagner, A. Wüest, I. P. Christov, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Monitoring molecular dynamics using coherent electrons from high harmonic generation,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(36), 13279–13285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cirmi, G.

Colosimo, P.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. March, G. Paulus, H. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

J. Itatani, D. Zeidler, J. Levesque, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling high harmonic generation with molecular wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(12), 123902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature 432(7019), 867–871 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yu. Ivanov and P. B. Corkum, “Generation of high-order harmonics from inertially confined molecular ions,” Phys. Rev. A 48(1), 580–590 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Nalda, R.

R. de Nalda, E. Heesel, M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, E. Springate, M. Castillejo, and J. P. Marangos, “Role of orbital symmetry in high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 69(3), 031804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

Dimauro, L.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. March, G. Paulus, H. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

DiMauro, L. F.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(1), 013901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Doumy, G.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. March, G. Paulus, H. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Drescher, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Emelin, M.

M. Frolov, N. Manakov, T. Sarantseva, M. Emelin, M. Ryabikin, and A. Starace, “Analytic Description of the High-Energy Plateau in Harmonic Generation by Atoms: Can the Harmonic Power Increase with Increasing Laser Wavelengths?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(24), 243901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Flammini, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frolov, M.

M. Frolov, N. Manakov, T. Sarantseva, M. Emelin, M. Ryabikin, and A. Starace, “Analytic Description of the High-Energy Plateau in Harmonic Generation by Atoms: Can the Harmonic Power Increase with Increasing Laser Wavelengths?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(24), 243901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gasilov, S.

Ge, X.

P. Wei, P. Liu, J. Chen, Z. Zeng, X. Guo, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-field-related recombination interference in high-order harmonic generation from CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 79(5), 053814 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Liu, P. Yu, Z. Zeng, H. Xiong, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser intensity dependence of high-order harmonic generation from aligned CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 78(1), 015802 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guo, X.

P. Wei, P. Liu, J. Chen, Z. Zeng, X. Guo, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-field-related recombination interference in high-order harmonic generation from CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 79(5), 053814 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hauri, C.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. March, G. Paulus, H. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Haworth, C. A.

S. Baker, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, H. Teng, R. A. Smith, C. C. Chirilã, M. Lein, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing proton dynamics in molecules on an attosecond time scale,” Science 312(5772), 424–427 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hay, N.

R. de Nalda, E. Heesel, M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, E. Springate, M. Castillejo, and J. P. Marangos, “Role of orbital symmetry in high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 69(3), 031804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heesel, E.

R. de Nalda, E. Heesel, M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, E. Springate, M. Castillejo, and J. P. Marangos, “Role of orbital symmetry in high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 69(3), 031804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heinzmann, U.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, Y.

C. Zhang, P. Wei, Y. Huang, Y. Leng, Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Tunable phase-stabilized infrared optical parametric amplifier for high order harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. Submitted.
[PubMed]

Itatani, J.

J. Itatani, D. Zeidler, J. Levesque, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling high harmonic generation with molecular wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(12), 123902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature 432(7019), 867–871 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M. Yu.

M. Yu. Ivanov and P. B. Corkum, “Generation of high-order harmonics from inertially confined molecular ions,” Phys. Rev. A 48(1), 580–590 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kanai, T.

T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, “Quantum interference during high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Nature 435(7041), 470–474 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

N. L. Wagner, A. Wüest, I. P. Christov, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Monitoring molecular dynamics using coherent electrons from high harmonic generation,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(36), 13279–13285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawai, S.

A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, S. Kawai, and H. Lu, “Effect of nuclear motion on molecular high-order harmonics and on generation of attosecond pulses in intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kieffer, J. C.

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature 432(7019), 867–871 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lein, M.

S. Baker, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, H. Teng, R. A. Smith, C. C. Chirilã, M. Lein, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing proton dynamics in molecules on an attosecond time scale,” Science 312(5772), 424–427 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lein, “Attosecond probing of vibrational dynamics with high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(5), 053004 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. de Nalda, E. Heesel, M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, E. Springate, M. Castillejo, and J. P. Marangos, “Role of orbital symmetry in high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 69(3), 031804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Leng, Y.

P. Wei, C. Li, C. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. Leng, and R. Li, “High-Conversion-Efficiency and Broadband Tunable Femtosecond Noncollinear Optical Parametric Amplifier,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(7), 2514–2517 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, P. Wei, Y. Huang, Y. Leng, Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Tunable phase-stabilized infrared optical parametric amplifier for high order harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. Submitted.
[PubMed]

Levesque, J.

J. Itatani, D. Zeidler, J. Levesque, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling high harmonic generation with molecular wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(12), 123902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature 432(7019), 867–871 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, C.

P. Wei, C. Li, C. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. Leng, and R. Li, “High-Conversion-Efficiency and Broadband Tunable Femtosecond Noncollinear Optical Parametric Amplifier,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(7), 2514–2517 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, R.

P. Wei, P. Liu, J. Chen, Z. Zeng, X. Guo, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-field-related recombination interference in high-order harmonic generation from CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 79(5), 053814 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Wei, C. Li, C. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. Leng, and R. Li, “High-Conversion-Efficiency and Broadband Tunable Femtosecond Noncollinear Optical Parametric Amplifier,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(7), 2514–2517 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Liu, P. Yu, Z. Zeng, H. Xiong, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser intensity dependence of high-order harmonic generation from aligned CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 78(1), 015802 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, P. Wei, Y. Huang, Y. Leng, Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Tunable phase-stabilized infrared optical parametric amplifier for high order harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. Submitted.
[PubMed]

Liu, P.

P. Wei, P. Liu, J. Chen, Z. Zeng, X. Guo, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-field-related recombination interference in high-order harmonic generation from CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 79(5), 053814 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Liu, P. Yu, Z. Zeng, H. Xiong, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser intensity dependence of high-order harmonic generation from aligned CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 78(1), 015802 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lu, H.

A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, S. Kawai, and H. Lu, “Effect of nuclear motion on molecular high-order harmonics and on generation of attosecond pulses in intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manakov, N.

M. Frolov, N. Manakov, T. Sarantseva, M. Emelin, M. Ryabikin, and A. Starace, “Analytic Description of the High-Energy Plateau in Harmonic Generation by Atoms: Can the Harmonic Power Increase with Increasing Laser Wavelengths?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(24), 243901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manzoni, C.

Marangos, J. P.

S. Baker, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, H. Teng, R. A. Smith, C. C. Chirilã, M. Lein, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing proton dynamics in molecules on an attosecond time scale,” Science 312(5772), 424–427 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. de Nalda, E. Heesel, M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, E. Springate, M. Castillejo, and J. P. Marangos, “Role of orbital symmetry in high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 69(3), 031804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

March, A.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. March, G. Paulus, H. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Milosevic, N.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Minemoto, S.

T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, “Quantum interference during high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Nature 435(7041), 470–474 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morse, P. M.

P. M. Morse, “Diatomic molecules according to the wave mechanics. II. Vibrational levels,” Phys. Rev. 34(1), 57–64 (1929).
[CrossRef]

Muller, H.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. March, G. Paulus, H. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Muller, H. G.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(1), 013901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

N. L. Wagner, A. Wüest, I. P. Christov, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Monitoring molecular dynamics using coherent electrons from high harmonic generation,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(36), 13279–13285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Niikura, H.

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature 432(7019), 867–871 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nisoli, M.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, S. Gasilov, G. Sansone, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Millijoule-level phase-stabilized few-optical-cycle infrared parametric source,” Opt. Lett. 32(20), 2957–2959 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, O. Svelto, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, and G. Cerullo, “High-energy, few-optical-cycle pulses at 1.5 µm with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10109–10116 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Patchkovskii, S.

S. Patchkovskii, “Nuclear Dynamics in Polyatomic Molecules and High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 253602 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paulus, G.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. March, G. Paulus, H. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pépin, H.

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature 432(7019), 867–871 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poletto, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Popmintchev, T.

N. L. Wagner, A. Wüest, I. P. Christov, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Monitoring molecular dynamics using coherent electrons from high harmonic generation,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(36), 13279–13285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reider, G. A.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Robinson, J. S.

S. Baker, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, H. Teng, R. A. Smith, C. C. Chirilã, M. Lein, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing proton dynamics in molecules on an attosecond time scale,” Science 312(5772), 424–427 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ryabikin, M.

M. Frolov, N. Manakov, T. Sarantseva, M. Emelin, M. Ryabikin, and A. Starace, “Analytic Description of the High-Energy Plateau in Harmonic Generation by Atoms: Can the Harmonic Power Increase with Increasing Laser Wavelengths?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(24), 243901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sakai, H.

T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, “Quantum interference during high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Nature 435(7041), 470–474 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salières, P.

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(1), 013901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sansone, G.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, S. Gasilov, G. Sansone, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Millijoule-level phase-stabilized few-optical-cycle infrared parametric source,” Opt. Lett. 32(20), 2957–2959 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, O. Svelto, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, and G. Cerullo, “High-energy, few-optical-cycle pulses at 1.5 µm with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10109–10116 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sarantseva, T.

M. Frolov, N. Manakov, T. Sarantseva, M. Emelin, M. Ryabikin, and A. Starace, “Analytic Description of the High-Energy Plateau in Harmonic Generation by Atoms: Can the Harmonic Power Increase with Increasing Laser Wavelengths?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(24), 243901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, R. A.

S. Baker, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, H. Teng, R. A. Smith, C. C. Chirilã, M. Lein, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing proton dynamics in molecules on an attosecond time scale,” Science 312(5772), 424–427 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spanner, M.

J. Itatani, D. Zeidler, J. Levesque, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling high harmonic generation with molecular wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(12), 123902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, C.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Springate, E.

R. de Nalda, E. Heesel, M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, E. Springate, M. Castillejo, and J. P. Marangos, “Role of orbital symmetry in high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 69(3), 031804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, S. Gasilov, G. Sansone, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Millijoule-level phase-stabilized few-optical-cycle infrared parametric source,” Opt. Lett. 32(20), 2957–2959 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, O. Svelto, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, and G. Cerullo, “High-energy, few-optical-cycle pulses at 1.5 µm with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10109–10116 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Starace, A.

M. Frolov, N. Manakov, T. Sarantseva, M. Emelin, M. Ryabikin, and A. Starace, “Analytic Description of the High-Energy Plateau in Harmonic Generation by Atoms: Can the Harmonic Power Increase with Increasing Laser Wavelengths?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(24), 243901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Svelto, O.

Tate, J.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. March, G. Paulus, H. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(1), 013901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Teng, H.

S. Baker, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, H. Teng, R. A. Smith, C. C. Chirilã, M. Lein, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing proton dynamics in molecules on an attosecond time scale,” Science 312(5772), 424–427 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tisch, J. W. G.

S. Baker, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, H. Teng, R. A. Smith, C. C. Chirilã, M. Lein, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing proton dynamics in molecules on an attosecond time scale,” Science 312(5772), 424–427 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Velotta, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. de Nalda, E. Heesel, M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, E. Springate, M. Castillejo, and J. P. Marangos, “Role of orbital symmetry in high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 69(3), 031804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, D. M.

J. Itatani, D. Zeidler, J. Levesque, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling high harmonic generation with molecular wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(12), 123902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature 432(7019), 867–871 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villoresi, P.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vozzi, C.

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, S. Gasilov, G. Sansone, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Millijoule-level phase-stabilized few-optical-cycle infrared parametric source,” Opt. Lett. 32(20), 2957–2959 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, O. Svelto, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, and G. Cerullo, “High-energy, few-optical-cycle pulses at 1.5 µm with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Opt. Express 14(21), 10109–10116 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wagner, N. L.

N. L. Wagner, A. Wüest, I. P. Christov, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Monitoring molecular dynamics using coherent electrons from high harmonic generation,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(36), 13279–13285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

P. Wei, C. Li, C. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. Leng, and R. Li, “High-Conversion-Efficiency and Broadband Tunable Femtosecond Noncollinear Optical Parametric Amplifier,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(7), 2514–2517 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wei, P.

P. Wei, P. Liu, J. Chen, Z. Zeng, X. Guo, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-field-related recombination interference in high-order harmonic generation from CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 79(5), 053814 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Wei, C. Li, C. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. Leng, and R. Li, “High-Conversion-Efficiency and Broadband Tunable Femtosecond Noncollinear Optical Parametric Amplifier,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(7), 2514–2517 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, P. Wei, Y. Huang, Y. Leng, Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Tunable phase-stabilized infrared optical parametric amplifier for high order harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. Submitted.
[PubMed]

Wheeler, J.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. March, G. Paulus, H. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wüest, A.

N. L. Wagner, A. Wüest, I. P. Christov, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Monitoring molecular dynamics using coherent electrons from high harmonic generation,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(36), 13279–13285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiong, H.

P. Liu, P. Yu, Z. Zeng, H. Xiong, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser intensity dependence of high-order harmonic generation from aligned CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 78(1), 015802 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

P. Wei, P. Liu, J. Chen, Z. Zeng, X. Guo, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-field-related recombination interference in high-order harmonic generation from CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 79(5), 053814 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Liu, P. Yu, Z. Zeng, H. Xiong, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser intensity dependence of high-order harmonic generation from aligned CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 78(1), 015802 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, P. Wei, Y. Huang, Y. Leng, Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Tunable phase-stabilized infrared optical parametric amplifier for high order harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. Submitted.
[PubMed]

Yu, P.

P. Liu, P. Yu, Z. Zeng, H. Xiong, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser intensity dependence of high-order harmonic generation from aligned CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 78(1), 015802 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zeidler, D.

J. Itatani, D. Zeidler, J. Levesque, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling high harmonic generation with molecular wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(12), 123902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature 432(7019), 867–871 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeng, Z.

P. Wei, P. Liu, J. Chen, Z. Zeng, X. Guo, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-field-related recombination interference in high-order harmonic generation from CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 79(5), 053814 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Liu, P. Yu, Z. Zeng, H. Xiong, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser intensity dependence of high-order harmonic generation from aligned CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 78(1), 015802 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, P. Wei, Y. Huang, Y. Leng, Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Tunable phase-stabilized infrared optical parametric amplifier for high order harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. Submitted.
[PubMed]

Zhang, C.

P. Wei, C. Li, C. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. Leng, and R. Li, “High-Conversion-Efficiency and Broadband Tunable Femtosecond Noncollinear Optical Parametric Amplifier,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(7), 2514–2517 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, P. Wei, Y. Huang, Y. Leng, Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Tunable phase-stabilized infrared optical parametric amplifier for high order harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. Submitted.
[PubMed]

Zheng, Y.

C. Zhang, P. Wei, Y. Huang, Y. Leng, Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Tunable phase-stabilized infrared optical parametric amplifier for high order harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. Submitted.
[PubMed]

Zhou, X.

N. L. Wagner, A. Wüest, I. P. Christov, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Monitoring molecular dynamics using coherent electrons from high harmonic generation,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(36), 13279–13285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

P. Wei, C. Li, C. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. Leng, and R. Li, “High-Conversion-Efficiency and Broadband Tunable Femtosecond Noncollinear Optical Parametric Amplifier,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(7), 2514–2517 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. March, G. Paulus, H. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. Dimauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (3)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature 432(7019), 867–871 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kanai, S. Minemoto, and H. Sakai, “Quantum interference during high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Nature 435(7041), 470–474 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, S. Gasilov, G. Sansone, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Millijoule-level phase-stabilized few-optical-cycle infrared parametric source,” Opt. Lett. 32(20), 2957–2959 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Zhang, P. Wei, Y. Huang, Y. Leng, Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Tunable phase-stabilized infrared optical parametric amplifier for high order harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett. Submitted.
[PubMed]

Phys. Rev. (1)

P. M. Morse, “Diatomic molecules according to the wave mechanics. II. Vibrational levels,” Phys. Rev. 34(1), 57–64 (1929).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (4)

M. Yu. Ivanov and P. B. Corkum, “Generation of high-order harmonics from inertially confined molecular ions,” Phys. Rev. A 48(1), 580–590 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Liu, P. Yu, Z. Zeng, H. Xiong, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser intensity dependence of high-order harmonic generation from aligned CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 78(1), 015802 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Wei, P. Liu, J. Chen, Z. Zeng, X. Guo, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Laser-field-related recombination interference in high-order harmonic generation from CO2 molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 79(5), 053814 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. de Nalda, E. Heesel, M. Lein, N. Hay, R. Velotta, E. Springate, M. Castillejo, and J. P. Marangos, “Role of orbital symmetry in high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 69(3), 031804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, J.-P. Caumes, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, C. Altucci, and R. Velotta, “Controlling two-center interference in molecular high harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(15), 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Itatani, D. Zeidler, J. Levesque, M. Spanner, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, “Controlling high harmonic generation with molecular wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(12), 123902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Patchkovskii, “Nuclear Dynamics in Polyatomic Molecules and High-Order Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 253602 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lein, “Attosecond probing of vibrational dynamics with high-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(5), 053004 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. Bandrauk, S. Chelkowski, S. Kawai, and H. Lu, “Effect of nuclear motion on molecular high-order harmonics and on generation of attosecond pulses in intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Frolov, N. Manakov, T. Sarantseva, M. Emelin, M. Ryabikin, and A. Starace, “Analytic Description of the High-Energy Plateau in Harmonic Generation by Atoms: Can the Harmonic Power Increase with Increasing Laser Wavelengths?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(24), 243901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salières, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(1), 013901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

N. L. Wagner, A. Wüest, I. P. Christov, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Monitoring molecular dynamics using coherent electrons from high harmonic generation,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(36), 13279–13285 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Baker, J. S. Robinson, C. A. Haworth, H. Teng, R. A. Smith, C. C. Chirilã, M. Lein, J. W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing proton dynamics in molecules on an attosecond time scale,” Science 312(5772), 424–427 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The experimental setup. OPA: optical parametric amplifier. The infrared output pulses from OPA are focused into a gas cell located in a high-vacuum interaction chamber. The generated high-order harmonics are detected by a home-made flat-field grating spectrometer equipped with a soft-x-ray charge-coupled device camera (CCD).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured angle-integrated spectra from CH4 molecules and Xe atoms at equal gas density, driven by the same laser condition with the working wavelengths of (a) 800nm and (b) 1670nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured angle-integrated spectra at the different infrared wavelengths of the driving laser from (a) CH4 molecules and (b) Xe atoms, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated proton motions without considering the molecular potential, (a) the internuclear separation R/Re and (b) the additional kinetic energy △E/E0 ), are compared between two different driving laser wavelengths. The thin lines are the electric field in one optical cycle. (c) Calculated proton vibrations with Morse potential at the different driving laser wavelengths, the thin dashed lines are the proton vibrations, and the thick dotted solid lines are their amplitudes (stars for 800nm, triangles for 1550nm, circles for 1670nm, and squares for 1800nm).

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

mR=qE(t)+F(R)
F(R)=RV(R)=RDe[e2α(RRe)2eα(RRe)]=De2α[e2α(RRe)eα(RRe)]

Metrics