Abstract

Bit-rate dependent performance degradation was observed in the long-haul RZ-DPSK system using the block type dispersion map. The performance was degraded near the system zero dispersion wavelength, and it showed a spectral performance hole near the zero dispersion wavelength. The existence of the hole did not depend on the spectral efficiency of the system, but it depended on the bit-rate. The hole existed for lower bit-rate up to 5Gbit/s, but disappeared more than about 15Gbit/s.

© 2009 OSA

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References

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  1. T. Inoue, K. Ishida, T. Tokura, E. Shibano, H. Taga, K. Shimizu, K. Goto, and K. Motoshima, “150km repeater span transmission experiment over 9,000klm,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Stockholm, Sweden, 2004, paper Th4.1.3.
  2. J.-X. Cai, M. Nissov, W. Anderson, M. Vaa, C. R. Davidson, D. G. Foursa, L. Liu, Y. Cai, A. J. Lucero, W. W. Patterson, P. C. Corbett, A. N. Pilipetskii, and N. S. Bergano, “Long-haul 40 Gb/s RZ-DPSK transmission with long repeater spacing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFD3, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2006-OFD3 .
  3. C. Rasmussen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S. Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. v. d. Wagt, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin, and P. Reeves-Hall, “DWDM 40G Transmission Over Trans-Pacific Distance (10 000 km) Using CSRZ-DPSK, Enhanced FEC, and All-Raman-Amplified 100-km UltraWave Fiber Spans,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 203–207 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/JLT/abstract.cfm?URI=JLT-22-1-203 .
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. S. Bergano, “Wavelength division multiplexing in long-haul transoceanic transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(12), 4125–4139 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/JLT/abstract.cfm?URI=JLT-23-12-41 .
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Mohs, W. T. Anderson, and E. A. Golovchenko, “A New Dispersion Map for Undersea Optical Communication Systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA41, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2007-JThA41 .
  6. S. Dupont, and P. Marmier, L. d. Mouza, G. Charlet, and V. Letellier, “70 x 10 Gbps (mixed RZ-OOK and RZDPSK) upgrade of a 7224km conventional 32 x 10 Gbps designed system,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Berlin, Germany, 2007, Paper 2.3.5.
  7. H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, “A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2060–2062 (2007), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=4390960&isnumber=4390052 .
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, “A theoretical study of the effect of zero-crossing points within the dispersion map upon a longhaul RZ-DPSK system,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6163–6169 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-9-6163 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J.-X. Cai, C. R. Davidson, M. Nissov, H. Li, W. T. Anderson, Y. Cai, L. Liu, A. N. Pilipetskii, D. G. Foursa, W. W. Patterson, P. C. Corbett, A. J. Lucero, and N. S. Bergano, “Transmission of 40-Gb/s WDM Signals Over Transoceanic Distance Using Conventional NZ-DSF With Receiver Dispersion Slope Compensation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(1), 191–200 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/JLT/abstract.cfm?URI=JLT-24-1-191 .
    [CrossRef]
  10. R.-J. Essiambre, and P. J. Winzer, “Fibre nonlinearities in electronically pre-distorted transmission,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Glasgow, United Kingdom, 2005, paper Tu3.2.2.
  11. X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1636–1638 (2003), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1237613&isnumber=27767 .
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Taga, “Observation of bit-rate dependent spectral performance hole for the long-haul RZ-DPSK system with block type dispersion map,” in 14th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC 2009), Hong Kong, 2009, paper FQ5.

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, “A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2060–2062 (2007), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=4390960&isnumber=4390052 .
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1636–1638 (2003), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1237613&isnumber=27767 .
[CrossRef]

Wagt, P. v. d.

Akasaka, Y.

Anderson, W. T.

Bennike, J.

Bergano, N. S.

Cai, J.-X.

Cai, Y.

Corbett, P. C.

Davidson, C. R.

Dey, S.

Fjelde, T.

Foursa, D. G.

Gapontsev, D.

Harris, D.

Ivshin, V.

Li, H.

Liu, F.

Liu, L.

Liu, X.

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1636–1638 (2003), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1237613&isnumber=27767 .
[CrossRef]

Lucero, A. J.

Mamyshev, P.

Mikkelsen, B.

Nissov, M.

Patterson, W. W.

Pilipetskii, A. N.

Rasmussen, C.

Reeves-Hall, P.

Serbe, P.

Shih, W.-T.

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, “A theoretical study of the effect of zero-crossing points within the dispersion map upon a longhaul RZ-DPSK system,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6163–6169 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-9-6163 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, “A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2060–2062 (2007), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=4390960&isnumber=4390052 .
[CrossRef]

Shu, S.-S.

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, “A theoretical study of the effect of zero-crossing points within the dispersion map upon a longhaul RZ-DPSK system,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6163–6169 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-9-6163 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, “A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2060–2062 (2007), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=4390960&isnumber=4390052 .
[CrossRef]

Taga, H.

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, “A theoretical study of the effect of zero-crossing points within the dispersion map upon a longhaul RZ-DPSK system,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6163–6169 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-9-6163 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, “A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2060–2062 (2007), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=4390960&isnumber=4390052 .
[CrossRef]

Wei, X.

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1636–1638 (2003), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1237613&isnumber=27767 .
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.-Y.

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, “A theoretical study of the effect of zero-crossing points within the dispersion map upon a longhaul RZ-DPSK system,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6163–6169 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-9-6163 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, “A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2060–2062 (2007), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=4390960&isnumber=4390052 .
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1636–1638 (2003), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1237613&isnumber=27767 .
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

H. Taga, S.-S. Shu, J.-Y. Wu, and W.-T. Shih, “A theoretical study of the effect of the dispersion map upon a long-haul RZ-DPSK transmission system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2060–2062 (2007), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=4390960&isnumber=4390052 .
[CrossRef]

X. Wei, X. Liu, and C. Xu, “Numerical simulation of the SPM penalty in a 10-Gb/s RZ-DPSK system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(11), 1636–1638 (2003), http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1237613&isnumber=27767 .
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Express (1)

Other (6)

T. Inoue, K. Ishida, T. Tokura, E. Shibano, H. Taga, K. Shimizu, K. Goto, and K. Motoshima, “150km repeater span transmission experiment over 9,000klm,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Stockholm, Sweden, 2004, paper Th4.1.3.

J.-X. Cai, M. Nissov, W. Anderson, M. Vaa, C. R. Davidson, D. G. Foursa, L. Liu, Y. Cai, A. J. Lucero, W. W. Patterson, P. C. Corbett, A. N. Pilipetskii, and N. S. Bergano, “Long-haul 40 Gb/s RZ-DPSK transmission with long repeater spacing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFD3, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2006-OFD3 .

G. Mohs, W. T. Anderson, and E. A. Golovchenko, “A New Dispersion Map for Undersea Optical Communication Systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA41, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2007-JThA41 .

S. Dupont, and P. Marmier, L. d. Mouza, G. Charlet, and V. Letellier, “70 x 10 Gbps (mixed RZ-OOK and RZDPSK) upgrade of a 7224km conventional 32 x 10 Gbps designed system,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Berlin, Germany, 2007, Paper 2.3.5.

R.-J. Essiambre, and P. J. Winzer, “Fibre nonlinearities in electronically pre-distorted transmission,” in European Conference of Optical Communication (ECOC), Glasgow, United Kingdom, 2005, paper Tu3.2.2.

H. Taga, “Observation of bit-rate dependent spectral performance hole for the long-haul RZ-DPSK system with block type dispersion map,” in 14th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC 2009), Hong Kong, 2009, paper FQ5.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

A schematic diagram of the simulation model.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dispersion map of the simulated system

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relative Q-factor as a function of the bit-rate.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Relative Q-factor as a function of the bit-rate.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameters of the transmission fiber

Tables Icon

Table 2 Summary of simulated bit-rate and wavelengths

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