Abstract

The possibilities of in situ spectroscopic ellipsometry applied to phase transitions investigation in oxide thin films and crystals are examined in this work, along with the use of various parameters calculated from ellipsometric data (band gap energy Eg, refractive index n and surface roughness) together with the directly measured main ellipsometric angles ψ and Δ, for the detection of phase transitions. The efficiency of spectroscopic ellipsometry on “surface” phase transition and its sensitivity to surface defects are also demonstrated.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. K. Galkiewicz and J. Tauc, “Photoelastic properties of amorphous As2S3,” Sol. State Commun. 10, 1261–1264 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  2. W. F. Koehler, F. K. Odencrantz, and W. C. White, “Optical Constants of Evaporated Selenium Films by Successive Approximations,” J. Opt. Soc Am. 49109–114 (1959).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. Stuke, “Review of optical and electrical properties of amorphous semiconductors,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 4, 1–26 (1970).
    [Crossref]
  4. R. C. Chittick, “Properties of glow-discharge deposited amorphous germanium and silicon,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 3, 255–270 (1970).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. H. Wemple, “Refractive-Index Behavior of Amorphous Semiconductors and Glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 7, 3767–3777 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  6. H. R. Philipp, “Optical properties of non-crystalline Si, SiO, SiOx and SiO2,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 32, 1935–1945 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  7. S. Takahashi and S. Shibata, “Thermal variation of attenuation for optical fibers,” J Non-Cryst Solids 30, 359–370 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  8. R. Hofmann, S. H. Wemple, and H. Granicher, “Dielectric Dispersion of NaOH-Doped Ice at Low Temperatures,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 28, 265–265 (1970).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. Fousek and J. Petzelt, “Changes of Refractive Indices of Crystals Induced by Structural Phase Transitions,” Phys. Stat. Sol 55, 11–40 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  10. G. Burns and B. A. Scott, “Index of refraction in ‘dirty’ displacive ferroelectrics,” Sol. St. Comm. 13423–426 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  11. G. Burns and F. H. Dacol, “Polarization in the cubic phase of BaTIO3,” Sol. St. Comm. 42, 9–12 (1982)
    [Crossref]
  12. W. Kleemann, F. J. Schafer, and M. D. Fontain, “Crystal optical studies of spontaneous and precursor polarization in KNbO3,” Phys. Rev. B 301148–1154 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  13. G. B. Burns and F. H. Dacol, “Glassy polarization behavior in ferroelectric compounds Pb(Mg1/3Nb1/3)O3 and Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3,” Sol. St. Comm. 48, 853–856 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  14. R. V. Pisarev, B. N. Shermatov, and A. Nasyrev, in Russion “Otricaltelnyj istennyj termoopticheskij effekt v titanate stroncija SrTiO3,” Fizika Tverdovo Telo 28, 3338–3341 (1986).
  15. A. T. Anistratov, “Electrooptical and photelastic phenomena in ferroelectric crystals,” translated from Izvestiya Vysshih Uchebnyh Zavedenii, Fizika 4, 7–22 (1975).
  16. H. P. Zhou, W. Z. Shen, N. B. Chen, and H. Z. Wu, “Observation of negative thermo-optical coefficient in cubic MgZnO thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3723–3725 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  17. D. L. Mills, “Surface Effects in Magnetic Crystals near the Ordering Temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 3, 3885–3895 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  18. K. Binder and P. C. Hohenberg, “Surface effects on magnetic phase transitions, ” Phys. Rev. B 9, 2194–2214 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  19. D. Weller, S. F. Alvarado, W. Gudat, K. SchrÖder, and M. Campagna, “Observation of Surface-Enhanced Magnetic Order and Magnetic Surface Reconstruction on Gd(0001),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1555–1558 (1985).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. P. K. Wang, J. P. Ansermet, S. L. Rudaz, Z. Wang, S. Shore, C. P. Slichter, and J. H. Sinfelt, “NMR Studies of Simple Molecules on Metal Surfaces,” Science 234, 35–41 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. Z. Salman, R. F. Kiefl, K. H. Chow, M. D. Hossain, T. A. Keeler, S. R. Kreitzman, C. D. P. Levy, R. I. Miller, T. J. Parolin, M. R. Pearson, H. Saadaoui, J. D. Schultz, M. Smadella, D. Wang, and W. A. MacFarlane, “Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition of SrTiO3 Studied with Zero-Field β-Detected Nuclear Spin Relaxation and Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 147601–147604 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. E. D. Mishina, T. V. Misuryaev, N. E. Sherstyuk, V. V. Lemanov, A. I. Morozov, A. S. Sigov, and Th. Rasing, “Observation of a Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition in SrTiO3 by Optical Second Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3664–3667 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. H. G. Tompkins and Eugene A. Irene, “Handbook of ellipsometry” (William Andrew publishing, Springer, 2005)
    [Crossref]
  24. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th edition, (Cambridge University Press, New York, 1999).
  25. J. A. Woollam, B. Johs, C. M. Herzinger, J. Hilfiker, R. Synowicki, and C. L. Bungay, “Overview of Variable Angle Spectroscopic Ellipsometry (VASE), Part I (II): Basic Theory and Typical Applications (Advanced Applications),” Critical Reviews of Optical Science and Technology CR 72, 3–28 (1999).
  26. A. Deyneka, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabik, and G. Gerlach, “Phase Transitions in PbZr1-xTixO3 Ceramics Prepared by Different Techniques,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6966–6968 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  27. A. Deyneka, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabik, and G. Gerlach, “Phase Transition Shift in Lead-Excess PZT Films Under UV Illumination,” Ferroelectrics 67, 173–180 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  28. A. Deynekala, Z. Hubickal, V. Trepakovl, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabikl, G. Gerlach, J. Pokornyl, D. Chvostoval, and J. Olejnicek, “Low Pressure RF Plasma Jet Sputtering Technique Applied to Ferroelectric Films: Ba1-x SrxTiO3”, Mat. Sc. Forum Vols. 514– 516, 165–169 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  29. I. Aulika, A. Deyneka, V Zauls, and K Kundzins, “Thermo-optical studies of NaNbO3 thin films,” J. Phys., Conf. Ser. V 93012016 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  30. V. Trepakov, A. Dejneka, P. Markovin, A. Lynnyk, and L. Jastrabik, Division of Optics, Institute of Physics, Academy of Science, 182 21 Prague 8, Czech Republic, ““Soft elecronic band” and negative thermooptic effect in stroncum titanate” accepted for publication in New Journal of Physics (2009).
  31. Y. F. Tsay, B. Bendow, and S. S. Mitra, “Theory of the Temperature Derivative of the Refractive Index in Transparent Crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 8, 2688–2696 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  32. V. M. Fridkin, “Some effects due to electron-phonon interaction in phase transitions occurring in a semiconductor ferroelectrics,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. Pisma 3, 252–255 (1966).
  33. R.W. Whatmore, Q. Zhang, Z. Huang, and R. A. Dorey, “Ferroelectric thin and thick films for microsystems,” Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 5, 65–76 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  34. P. Muralt, “Ferroelectric thin films for micro-sensors and actuators: a review,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 10, 136–146 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  35. A. Deineka, L. Jastrabik, G. Suchaneck, and G. Gerlach, “Optical Properties of Self-Polarized PZT Ferroelectric Films,” Ferroelectrics 273, 155–160 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  36. J. Tauc and A. Menth, “States In The Gap,” J. Non-Cryst. Sol. 8, 569–585 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  37. V. M. Fridkin, (in Russian) Segnetoelektriki-Poluprovodniki (Nauka, Moskow, p.135, 1976).
  38. R. Bruchhaus, D. Pitzer, R. Primig, W. Wersing, and Y. Xu, “Deposition of self-polarized PZT films by planar multi-target sputtering,” Integrated Ferroelectrics 14, 141–149 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  39. G. Suchaneck, W.-M. Lin, R. Koehler, T. Sandner, G. Gerlach, R. Krawietz, W. Pompe, A. Deineka, and L. Jastrabik, “Characterization of RF-sputtered self-polarized PZT thin films for IR sensor arrays,” Vacuum 66, 473–478 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  40. E. G. Lee, J.K. Lee, J.-Y. Kim, J. G. Lee, H. M. Jang, and S. J. Kim, “Zr/Ti ratio dependence of the deformation in the hysteresis loop of Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 thin films,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 18, 2025–2028 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  41. L. Baudry, “Theoretical investigation of the influence of space charges on ferroelectric properties of PbZrTiO3 thin film capacitor,” J. Appl. Phys. 86, 1096–1105 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  42. B. Panda, A. Dhar, G. D. Nigan, D. Bhattacharga, and S. K. Ray, “Optical properties of RF sputtered strontium substituted barium titanate thin films,” Thin Solid Films 332, 46–49 (1998)
    [Crossref]
  43. W. Chang, C. M. Gilmore, W.-J. Kim, J. M. Pond, S. W. Kirchoefer, S. B. Qadri, D. B. Chirsey, and J. S. Horwitz, “Influence of strain on microwave dielectric properties of (Ba,Sr)TiO3 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 3044–3049 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  44. Y. Saito, H. Takao, T. Tani, T. Nonoyama, K. Takatori, T. Homma, T. Nagaya, and M. Nakamura, “Lead-free piezoceramics, ” Nature 432, 84–87 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  45. C. N. W. Darlington and K. S. Knight, “On the lattice parameters of sodium niobateat room temperature and above,” Physica B 266, 368–372 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  46. A. M. Glazer and H. D. Megaw, “Studies of the Lattice Parameters and Domains in the Phase Transitions of NaNbO3,” Acta Cryst. A 29, 489–495 (1973)
    [Crossref]
  47. F. Denoyer, R. Comes, and M. Lambert, “X-ray Diffuse Scattering from NaNbO3 as a Function of Temperature,” Acta Cryst. A 27, 414–420 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  48. A. Avogadro, G. Bonera, F. Borsa, and A. Rigamoti, “Static and dynamic properties of the structural phase transitions in NaNbO3,” Phys. Rev. 9, 3905–3920 (1974).
    [Crossref]
  49. I. Aulika, J. Petzelt, J. Pokorny, A. Deyneka, V. Zauls, and K. Kundzins, “Structural and Optical Studies of NaNbO3 Thin Films Grown by PLD on SrRuO3 Bottom Electrode,” Rev. Adv. Mater. Sc. V 15, 158–166 (2007).
  50. I. Lefkiwitz, K. Lukaszewicz, and H. D. Megaw, “The High-Temperature Phases of Sodium Niohate and the Nature of Transitions in Psendosymmetrie Struetures,” Acre Cryst. 20, 670–683 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  51. M. H. Lentea, J. de Los, S. Guerraa, J. A. Eirasa, and S. Lanfredi, “Investigation of microwave dielectric relaxation process in the antiferroelectric phase of NaNbO3 ceramics,” Sol. St. Com. 131, 279–282 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  52. I. Aulika, A. Dejneka, V. Zauls, and K. Kundzins, “Optical gradient of the trapezium-shaped NaNbO3 thin films studied by spectroscopic ellipsometry”, J. Electroch. Soc.,  155, G209–G213 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  53. V. P. Varshni, “Temperature dependence of the energy gap in semiconductors, Physica 34, 149 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  54. T. S. Narasimhamurti, Photoelastic and electro-optic properties of crystals (Plenum Press, N-Y & London, 1981).
  55. M. Sparks, “Optical Distortion by Heated Windows in High-Power Laser Systems,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5029–5046 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  56. T Izumitani and H. Toratani, “Temperature coefficient of electronic polarizability in optical glasses,” J. Non. Cryst. Sol. 40, 611–619 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  57. F. A. Molly, Opt. Soc. Am.39, 600, (1949).
    [Crossref]
  58. F. Reimyer, Glastech. Ber. 37, 122, (1961).
  59. G. E. Jellison and J. W. McCamy, “Sample depolarization effects from thin films of ZnS on GaAs as measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 512–514 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  60. T. S. Narasimhamurti, Photoelastic and electro-optic properties of crystals (Plenum Press, N-Y & London, 1981).
  61. S.-Y. Zhu, Y.-L. Chen, and J.-X. Fang, “Thermal effects of the refractive index caused by the electron-phonon interaction,” Phys. Rew. B 35, 2980–2987 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  62. E. Schneider, P. J. Cressman, and R. L. Holman, “Temperature dependence of the refractive index of strontium titanate and prism coupling to lithium niobate optical waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 53, 4054–4056 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  63. T. Toyoda and M. Yabe, “The temperature dependence of the refractive indices of SrTiO3 and TiO2,” J. Phys. D. Appl. Phys. 16, L251–L255 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  64. A. P. Levanyuk and S. A. Minyukov, in Russion “Ob evoluciji pripoverhnostnyh iskazhenii struktury kristallov vblizi tochek strukturnyh fazovyh perehodov,” Fiz. Tver. Tela 25, 2617–2622 (1983).
  65. D. W. Berreman, “Optics in Stratified and Anisotropic Media: 4x4-Matrix Formulation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 502–510 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  66. J. Krepelka, “Plane electromagnetic waves in anisotropic layered systems”, Acta Universitatis Palackinae Olomucensis. Physica 36, 109–132 (1997).
  67. J. Krepelka, (in Czech) Optics of thin films (Palacky University Olomouc, Faculty of Natural Sciences, 1993).

2008 (1)

I. Aulika, A. Dejneka, V. Zauls, and K. Kundzins, “Optical gradient of the trapezium-shaped NaNbO3 thin films studied by spectroscopic ellipsometry”, J. Electroch. Soc.,  155, G209–G213 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

I. Aulika, J. Petzelt, J. Pokorny, A. Deyneka, V. Zauls, and K. Kundzins, “Structural and Optical Studies of NaNbO3 Thin Films Grown by PLD on SrRuO3 Bottom Electrode,” Rev. Adv. Mater. Sc. V 15, 158–166 (2007).

I. Aulika, A. Deyneka, V Zauls, and K Kundzins, “Thermo-optical studies of NaNbO3 thin films,” J. Phys., Conf. Ser. V 93012016 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

A. Deynekala, Z. Hubickal, V. Trepakovl, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabikl, G. Gerlach, J. Pokornyl, D. Chvostoval, and J. Olejnicek, “Low Pressure RF Plasma Jet Sputtering Technique Applied to Ferroelectric Films: Ba1-x SrxTiO3”, Mat. Sc. Forum Vols. 514– 516, 165–169 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z. Salman, R. F. Kiefl, K. H. Chow, M. D. Hossain, T. A. Keeler, S. R. Kreitzman, C. D. P. Levy, R. I. Miller, T. J. Parolin, M. R. Pearson, H. Saadaoui, J. D. Schultz, M. Smadella, D. Wang, and W. A. MacFarlane, “Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition of SrTiO3 Studied with Zero-Field β-Detected Nuclear Spin Relaxation and Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 147601–147604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (4)

A. Deyneka, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabik, and G. Gerlach, “Phase Transition Shift in Lead-Excess PZT Films Under UV Illumination,” Ferroelectrics 67, 173–180 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. P. Zhou, W. Z. Shen, N. B. Chen, and H. Z. Wu, “Observation of negative thermo-optical coefficient in cubic MgZnO thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3723–3725 (2004).
[Crossref]

Y. Saito, H. Takao, T. Tani, T. Nonoyama, K. Takatori, T. Homma, T. Nagaya, and M. Nakamura, “Lead-free piezoceramics, ” Nature 432, 84–87 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. H. Lentea, J. de Los, S. Guerraa, J. A. Eirasa, and S. Lanfredi, “Investigation of microwave dielectric relaxation process in the antiferroelectric phase of NaNbO3 ceramics,” Sol. St. Com. 131, 279–282 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

R.W. Whatmore, Q. Zhang, Z. Huang, and R. A. Dorey, “Ferroelectric thin and thick films for microsystems,” Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 5, 65–76 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (3)

A. Deineka, L. Jastrabik, G. Suchaneck, and G. Gerlach, “Optical Properties of Self-Polarized PZT Ferroelectric Films,” Ferroelectrics 273, 155–160 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Deyneka, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabik, and G. Gerlach, “Phase Transitions in PbZr1-xTixO3 Ceramics Prepared by Different Techniques,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6966–6968 (2002).
[Crossref]

G. Suchaneck, W.-M. Lin, R. Koehler, T. Sandner, G. Gerlach, R. Krawietz, W. Pompe, A. Deineka, and L. Jastrabik, “Characterization of RF-sputtered self-polarized PZT thin films for IR sensor arrays,” Vacuum 66, 473–478 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (3)

W. Chang, C. M. Gilmore, W.-J. Kim, J. M. Pond, S. W. Kirchoefer, S. B. Qadri, D. B. Chirsey, and J. S. Horwitz, “Influence of strain on microwave dielectric properties of (Ba,Sr)TiO3 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 3044–3049 (2000).
[Crossref]

E. D. Mishina, T. V. Misuryaev, N. E. Sherstyuk, V. V. Lemanov, A. I. Morozov, A. S. Sigov, and Th. Rasing, “Observation of a Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition in SrTiO3 by Optical Second Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3664–3667 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Muralt, “Ferroelectric thin films for micro-sensors and actuators: a review,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 10, 136–146 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (4)

J. A. Woollam, B. Johs, C. M. Herzinger, J. Hilfiker, R. Synowicki, and C. L. Bungay, “Overview of Variable Angle Spectroscopic Ellipsometry (VASE), Part I (II): Basic Theory and Typical Applications (Advanced Applications),” Critical Reviews of Optical Science and Technology CR 72, 3–28 (1999).

E. G. Lee, J.K. Lee, J.-Y. Kim, J. G. Lee, H. M. Jang, and S. J. Kim, “Zr/Ti ratio dependence of the deformation in the hysteresis loop of Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 thin films,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 18, 2025–2028 (1999).
[Crossref]

L. Baudry, “Theoretical investigation of the influence of space charges on ferroelectric properties of PbZrTiO3 thin film capacitor,” J. Appl. Phys. 86, 1096–1105 (1999).
[Crossref]

C. N. W. Darlington and K. S. Knight, “On the lattice parameters of sodium niobateat room temperature and above,” Physica B 266, 368–372 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

B. Panda, A. Dhar, G. D. Nigan, D. Bhattacharga, and S. K. Ray, “Optical properties of RF sputtered strontium substituted barium titanate thin films,” Thin Solid Films 332, 46–49 (1998)
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

J. Krepelka, “Plane electromagnetic waves in anisotropic layered systems”, Acta Universitatis Palackinae Olomucensis. Physica 36, 109–132 (1997).

R. Bruchhaus, D. Pitzer, R. Primig, W. Wersing, and Y. Xu, “Deposition of self-polarized PZT films by planar multi-target sputtering,” Integrated Ferroelectrics 14, 141–149 (1997).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

G. E. Jellison and J. W. McCamy, “Sample depolarization effects from thin films of ZnS on GaAs as measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 512–514 (1992).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

S.-Y. Zhu, Y.-L. Chen, and J.-X. Fang, “Thermal effects of the refractive index caused by the electron-phonon interaction,” Phys. Rew. B 35, 2980–2987 (1987).
[Crossref]

1986 (2)

P. K. Wang, J. P. Ansermet, S. L. Rudaz, Z. Wang, S. Shore, C. P. Slichter, and J. H. Sinfelt, “NMR Studies of Simple Molecules on Metal Surfaces,” Science 234, 35–41 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. V. Pisarev, B. N. Shermatov, and A. Nasyrev, in Russion “Otricaltelnyj istennyj termoopticheskij effekt v titanate stroncija SrTiO3,” Fizika Tverdovo Telo 28, 3338–3341 (1986).

1985 (1)

D. Weller, S. F. Alvarado, W. Gudat, K. SchrÖder, and M. Campagna, “Observation of Surface-Enhanced Magnetic Order and Magnetic Surface Reconstruction on Gd(0001),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1555–1558 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

W. Kleemann, F. J. Schafer, and M. D. Fontain, “Crystal optical studies of spontaneous and precursor polarization in KNbO3,” Phys. Rev. B 301148–1154 (1984).
[Crossref]

1983 (4)

G. B. Burns and F. H. Dacol, “Glassy polarization behavior in ferroelectric compounds Pb(Mg1/3Nb1/3)O3 and Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3,” Sol. St. Comm. 48, 853–856 (1983).
[Crossref]

T. Toyoda and M. Yabe, “The temperature dependence of the refractive indices of SrTiO3 and TiO2,” J. Phys. D. Appl. Phys. 16, L251–L255 (1983).
[Crossref]

A. P. Levanyuk and S. A. Minyukov, in Russion “Ob evoluciji pripoverhnostnyh iskazhenii struktury kristallov vblizi tochek strukturnyh fazovyh perehodov,” Fiz. Tver. Tela 25, 2617–2622 (1983).

M. Sparks, “Optical Distortion by Heated Windows in High-Power Laser Systems,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5029–5046 (1983).
[Crossref]

1982 (2)

E. Schneider, P. J. Cressman, and R. L. Holman, “Temperature dependence of the refractive index of strontium titanate and prism coupling to lithium niobate optical waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 53, 4054–4056 (1982).
[Crossref]

G. Burns and F. H. Dacol, “Polarization in the cubic phase of BaTIO3,” Sol. St. Comm. 42, 9–12 (1982)
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

T Izumitani and H. Toratani, “Temperature coefficient of electronic polarizability in optical glasses,” J. Non. Cryst. Sol. 40, 611–619 (1980).
[Crossref]

1979 (2)

J. Fousek and J. Petzelt, “Changes of Refractive Indices of Crystals Induced by Structural Phase Transitions,” Phys. Stat. Sol 55, 11–40 (1979).
[Crossref]

S. Takahashi and S. Shibata, “Thermal variation of attenuation for optical fibers,” J Non-Cryst Solids 30, 359–370 (1979).
[Crossref]

1975 (1)

A. T. Anistratov, “Electrooptical and photelastic phenomena in ferroelectric crystals,” translated from Izvestiya Vysshih Uchebnyh Zavedenii, Fizika 4, 7–22 (1975).

1974 (2)

K. Binder and P. C. Hohenberg, “Surface effects on magnetic phase transitions, ” Phys. Rev. B 9, 2194–2214 (1974).
[Crossref]

A. Avogadro, G. Bonera, F. Borsa, and A. Rigamoti, “Static and dynamic properties of the structural phase transitions in NaNbO3,” Phys. Rev. 9, 3905–3920 (1974).
[Crossref]

1973 (4)

A. M. Glazer and H. D. Megaw, “Studies of the Lattice Parameters and Domains in the Phase Transitions of NaNbO3,” Acta Cryst. A 29, 489–495 (1973)
[Crossref]

Y. F. Tsay, B. Bendow, and S. S. Mitra, “Theory of the Temperature Derivative of the Refractive Index in Transparent Crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 8, 2688–2696 (1973).
[Crossref]

G. Burns and B. A. Scott, “Index of refraction in ‘dirty’ displacive ferroelectrics,” Sol. St. Comm. 13423–426 (1973).
[Crossref]

S. H. Wemple, “Refractive-Index Behavior of Amorphous Semiconductors and Glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 7, 3767–3777 (1973).
[Crossref]

1972 (3)

R. K. Galkiewicz and J. Tauc, “Photoelastic properties of amorphous As2S3,” Sol. State Commun. 10, 1261–1264 (1972).
[Crossref]

J. Tauc and A. Menth, “States In The Gap,” J. Non-Cryst. Sol. 8, 569–585 (1972).
[Crossref]

D. W. Berreman, “Optics in Stratified and Anisotropic Media: 4x4-Matrix Formulation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 62, 502–510 (1972).
[Crossref]

1971 (3)

F. Denoyer, R. Comes, and M. Lambert, “X-ray Diffuse Scattering from NaNbO3 as a Function of Temperature,” Acta Cryst. A 27, 414–420 (1971).
[Crossref]

H. R. Philipp, “Optical properties of non-crystalline Si, SiO, SiOx and SiO2,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 32, 1935–1945 (1971).
[Crossref]

D. L. Mills, “Surface Effects in Magnetic Crystals near the Ordering Temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 3, 3885–3895 (1971).
[Crossref]

1970 (3)

R. Hofmann, S. H. Wemple, and H. Granicher, “Dielectric Dispersion of NaOH-Doped Ice at Low Temperatures,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 28, 265–265 (1970).
[Crossref]

J. Stuke, “Review of optical and electrical properties of amorphous semiconductors,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 4, 1–26 (1970).
[Crossref]

R. C. Chittick, “Properties of glow-discharge deposited amorphous germanium and silicon,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 3, 255–270 (1970).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

V. P. Varshni, “Temperature dependence of the energy gap in semiconductors, Physica 34, 149 (1967).
[Crossref]

1966 (2)

I. Lefkiwitz, K. Lukaszewicz, and H. D. Megaw, “The High-Temperature Phases of Sodium Niohate and the Nature of Transitions in Psendosymmetrie Struetures,” Acre Cryst. 20, 670–683 (1966).
[Crossref]

V. M. Fridkin, “Some effects due to electron-phonon interaction in phase transitions occurring in a semiconductor ferroelectrics,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. Pisma 3, 252–255 (1966).

1961 (1)

F. Reimyer, Glastech. Ber. 37, 122, (1961).

1959 (1)

W. F. Koehler, F. K. Odencrantz, and W. C. White, “Optical Constants of Evaporated Selenium Films by Successive Approximations,” J. Opt. Soc Am. 49109–114 (1959).
[Crossref]

Alvarado, S. F.

D. Weller, S. F. Alvarado, W. Gudat, K. SchrÖder, and M. Campagna, “Observation of Surface-Enhanced Magnetic Order and Magnetic Surface Reconstruction on Gd(0001),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1555–1558 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anistratov, A. T.

A. T. Anistratov, “Electrooptical and photelastic phenomena in ferroelectric crystals,” translated from Izvestiya Vysshih Uchebnyh Zavedenii, Fizika 4, 7–22 (1975).

Ansermet, J. P.

P. K. Wang, J. P. Ansermet, S. L. Rudaz, Z. Wang, S. Shore, C. P. Slichter, and J. H. Sinfelt, “NMR Studies of Simple Molecules on Metal Surfaces,” Science 234, 35–41 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aulika, I.

I. Aulika, A. Dejneka, V. Zauls, and K. Kundzins, “Optical gradient of the trapezium-shaped NaNbO3 thin films studied by spectroscopic ellipsometry”, J. Electroch. Soc.,  155, G209–G213 (2008).
[Crossref]

I. Aulika, J. Petzelt, J. Pokorny, A. Deyneka, V. Zauls, and K. Kundzins, “Structural and Optical Studies of NaNbO3 Thin Films Grown by PLD on SrRuO3 Bottom Electrode,” Rev. Adv. Mater. Sc. V 15, 158–166 (2007).

I. Aulika, A. Deyneka, V Zauls, and K Kundzins, “Thermo-optical studies of NaNbO3 thin films,” J. Phys., Conf. Ser. V 93012016 (2007).
[Crossref]

Avogadro, A.

A. Avogadro, G. Bonera, F. Borsa, and A. Rigamoti, “Static and dynamic properties of the structural phase transitions in NaNbO3,” Phys. Rev. 9, 3905–3920 (1974).
[Crossref]

Baudry, L.

L. Baudry, “Theoretical investigation of the influence of space charges on ferroelectric properties of PbZrTiO3 thin film capacitor,” J. Appl. Phys. 86, 1096–1105 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bendow, B.

Y. F. Tsay, B. Bendow, and S. S. Mitra, “Theory of the Temperature Derivative of the Refractive Index in Transparent Crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 8, 2688–2696 (1973).
[Crossref]

Berreman, D. W.

Bhattacharga, D.

B. Panda, A. Dhar, G. D. Nigan, D. Bhattacharga, and S. K. Ray, “Optical properties of RF sputtered strontium substituted barium titanate thin films,” Thin Solid Films 332, 46–49 (1998)
[Crossref]

Binder, K.

K. Binder and P. C. Hohenberg, “Surface effects on magnetic phase transitions, ” Phys. Rev. B 9, 2194–2214 (1974).
[Crossref]

Bonera, G.

A. Avogadro, G. Bonera, F. Borsa, and A. Rigamoti, “Static and dynamic properties of the structural phase transitions in NaNbO3,” Phys. Rev. 9, 3905–3920 (1974).
[Crossref]

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th edition, (Cambridge University Press, New York, 1999).

Borsa, F.

A. Avogadro, G. Bonera, F. Borsa, and A. Rigamoti, “Static and dynamic properties of the structural phase transitions in NaNbO3,” Phys. Rev. 9, 3905–3920 (1974).
[Crossref]

Bruchhaus, R.

R. Bruchhaus, D. Pitzer, R. Primig, W. Wersing, and Y. Xu, “Deposition of self-polarized PZT films by planar multi-target sputtering,” Integrated Ferroelectrics 14, 141–149 (1997).
[Crossref]

Bungay, C. L.

J. A. Woollam, B. Johs, C. M. Herzinger, J. Hilfiker, R. Synowicki, and C. L. Bungay, “Overview of Variable Angle Spectroscopic Ellipsometry (VASE), Part I (II): Basic Theory and Typical Applications (Advanced Applications),” Critical Reviews of Optical Science and Technology CR 72, 3–28 (1999).

Burns, G.

G. Burns and F. H. Dacol, “Polarization in the cubic phase of BaTIO3,” Sol. St. Comm. 42, 9–12 (1982)
[Crossref]

G. Burns and B. A. Scott, “Index of refraction in ‘dirty’ displacive ferroelectrics,” Sol. St. Comm. 13423–426 (1973).
[Crossref]

Burns, G. B.

G. B. Burns and F. H. Dacol, “Glassy polarization behavior in ferroelectric compounds Pb(Mg1/3Nb1/3)O3 and Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3,” Sol. St. Comm. 48, 853–856 (1983).
[Crossref]

Campagna, M.

D. Weller, S. F. Alvarado, W. Gudat, K. SchrÖder, and M. Campagna, “Observation of Surface-Enhanced Magnetic Order and Magnetic Surface Reconstruction on Gd(0001),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1555–1558 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, W.

W. Chang, C. M. Gilmore, W.-J. Kim, J. M. Pond, S. W. Kirchoefer, S. B. Qadri, D. B. Chirsey, and J. S. Horwitz, “Influence of strain on microwave dielectric properties of (Ba,Sr)TiO3 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 3044–3049 (2000).
[Crossref]

Chen, N. B.

H. P. Zhou, W. Z. Shen, N. B. Chen, and H. Z. Wu, “Observation of negative thermo-optical coefficient in cubic MgZnO thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3723–3725 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.-L.

S.-Y. Zhu, Y.-L. Chen, and J.-X. Fang, “Thermal effects of the refractive index caused by the electron-phonon interaction,” Phys. Rew. B 35, 2980–2987 (1987).
[Crossref]

Chirsey, D. B.

W. Chang, C. M. Gilmore, W.-J. Kim, J. M. Pond, S. W. Kirchoefer, S. B. Qadri, D. B. Chirsey, and J. S. Horwitz, “Influence of strain on microwave dielectric properties of (Ba,Sr)TiO3 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 3044–3049 (2000).
[Crossref]

Chittick, R. C.

R. C. Chittick, “Properties of glow-discharge deposited amorphous germanium and silicon,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 3, 255–270 (1970).
[Crossref]

Chow, K. H.

Z. Salman, R. F. Kiefl, K. H. Chow, M. D. Hossain, T. A. Keeler, S. R. Kreitzman, C. D. P. Levy, R. I. Miller, T. J. Parolin, M. R. Pearson, H. Saadaoui, J. D. Schultz, M. Smadella, D. Wang, and W. A. MacFarlane, “Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition of SrTiO3 Studied with Zero-Field β-Detected Nuclear Spin Relaxation and Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 147601–147604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chvostoval, D.

A. Deynekala, Z. Hubickal, V. Trepakovl, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabikl, G. Gerlach, J. Pokornyl, D. Chvostoval, and J. Olejnicek, “Low Pressure RF Plasma Jet Sputtering Technique Applied to Ferroelectric Films: Ba1-x SrxTiO3”, Mat. Sc. Forum Vols. 514– 516, 165–169 (2006).
[Crossref]

Comes, R.

F. Denoyer, R. Comes, and M. Lambert, “X-ray Diffuse Scattering from NaNbO3 as a Function of Temperature,” Acta Cryst. A 27, 414–420 (1971).
[Crossref]

Cressman, P. J.

E. Schneider, P. J. Cressman, and R. L. Holman, “Temperature dependence of the refractive index of strontium titanate and prism coupling to lithium niobate optical waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 53, 4054–4056 (1982).
[Crossref]

Dacol, F. H.

G. B. Burns and F. H. Dacol, “Glassy polarization behavior in ferroelectric compounds Pb(Mg1/3Nb1/3)O3 and Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3,” Sol. St. Comm. 48, 853–856 (1983).
[Crossref]

G. Burns and F. H. Dacol, “Polarization in the cubic phase of BaTIO3,” Sol. St. Comm. 42, 9–12 (1982)
[Crossref]

Darlington, C. N. W.

C. N. W. Darlington and K. S. Knight, “On the lattice parameters of sodium niobateat room temperature and above,” Physica B 266, 368–372 (1999).
[Crossref]

Deineka, A.

A. Deineka, L. Jastrabik, G. Suchaneck, and G. Gerlach, “Optical Properties of Self-Polarized PZT Ferroelectric Films,” Ferroelectrics 273, 155–160 (2002).
[Crossref]

G. Suchaneck, W.-M. Lin, R. Koehler, T. Sandner, G. Gerlach, R. Krawietz, W. Pompe, A. Deineka, and L. Jastrabik, “Characterization of RF-sputtered self-polarized PZT thin films for IR sensor arrays,” Vacuum 66, 473–478 (2002).
[Crossref]

Dejneka, A.

I. Aulika, A. Dejneka, V. Zauls, and K. Kundzins, “Optical gradient of the trapezium-shaped NaNbO3 thin films studied by spectroscopic ellipsometry”, J. Electroch. Soc.,  155, G209–G213 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. Trepakov, A. Dejneka, P. Markovin, A. Lynnyk, and L. Jastrabik, Division of Optics, Institute of Physics, Academy of Science, 182 21 Prague 8, Czech Republic, ““Soft elecronic band” and negative thermooptic effect in stroncum titanate” accepted for publication in New Journal of Physics (2009).

Denoyer, F.

F. Denoyer, R. Comes, and M. Lambert, “X-ray Diffuse Scattering from NaNbO3 as a Function of Temperature,” Acta Cryst. A 27, 414–420 (1971).
[Crossref]

Deyneka, A.

I. Aulika, J. Petzelt, J. Pokorny, A. Deyneka, V. Zauls, and K. Kundzins, “Structural and Optical Studies of NaNbO3 Thin Films Grown by PLD on SrRuO3 Bottom Electrode,” Rev. Adv. Mater. Sc. V 15, 158–166 (2007).

I. Aulika, A. Deyneka, V Zauls, and K Kundzins, “Thermo-optical studies of NaNbO3 thin films,” J. Phys., Conf. Ser. V 93012016 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Deyneka, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabik, and G. Gerlach, “Phase Transition Shift in Lead-Excess PZT Films Under UV Illumination,” Ferroelectrics 67, 173–180 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Deyneka, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabik, and G. Gerlach, “Phase Transitions in PbZr1-xTixO3 Ceramics Prepared by Different Techniques,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6966–6968 (2002).
[Crossref]

Deynekala, A.

A. Deynekala, Z. Hubickal, V. Trepakovl, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabikl, G. Gerlach, J. Pokornyl, D. Chvostoval, and J. Olejnicek, “Low Pressure RF Plasma Jet Sputtering Technique Applied to Ferroelectric Films: Ba1-x SrxTiO3”, Mat. Sc. Forum Vols. 514– 516, 165–169 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dhar, A.

B. Panda, A. Dhar, G. D. Nigan, D. Bhattacharga, and S. K. Ray, “Optical properties of RF sputtered strontium substituted barium titanate thin films,” Thin Solid Films 332, 46–49 (1998)
[Crossref]

Dorey, R. A.

R.W. Whatmore, Q. Zhang, Z. Huang, and R. A. Dorey, “Ferroelectric thin and thick films for microsystems,” Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 5, 65–76 (2003).
[Crossref]

Eirasa, J. A.

M. H. Lentea, J. de Los, S. Guerraa, J. A. Eirasa, and S. Lanfredi, “Investigation of microwave dielectric relaxation process in the antiferroelectric phase of NaNbO3 ceramics,” Sol. St. Com. 131, 279–282 (2004).
[Crossref]

Fang, J.-X.

S.-Y. Zhu, Y.-L. Chen, and J.-X. Fang, “Thermal effects of the refractive index caused by the electron-phonon interaction,” Phys. Rew. B 35, 2980–2987 (1987).
[Crossref]

Fontain, M. D.

W. Kleemann, F. J. Schafer, and M. D. Fontain, “Crystal optical studies of spontaneous and precursor polarization in KNbO3,” Phys. Rev. B 301148–1154 (1984).
[Crossref]

Fousek, J.

J. Fousek and J. Petzelt, “Changes of Refractive Indices of Crystals Induced by Structural Phase Transitions,” Phys. Stat. Sol 55, 11–40 (1979).
[Crossref]

Fridkin, V. M.

V. M. Fridkin, “Some effects due to electron-phonon interaction in phase transitions occurring in a semiconductor ferroelectrics,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. Pisma 3, 252–255 (1966).

V. M. Fridkin, (in Russian) Segnetoelektriki-Poluprovodniki (Nauka, Moskow, p.135, 1976).

Galkiewicz, R. K.

R. K. Galkiewicz and J. Tauc, “Photoelastic properties of amorphous As2S3,” Sol. State Commun. 10, 1261–1264 (1972).
[Crossref]

Gerlach, G.

A. Deynekala, Z. Hubickal, V. Trepakovl, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabikl, G. Gerlach, J. Pokornyl, D. Chvostoval, and J. Olejnicek, “Low Pressure RF Plasma Jet Sputtering Technique Applied to Ferroelectric Films: Ba1-x SrxTiO3”, Mat. Sc. Forum Vols. 514– 516, 165–169 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Deyneka, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabik, and G. Gerlach, “Phase Transition Shift in Lead-Excess PZT Films Under UV Illumination,” Ferroelectrics 67, 173–180 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Deyneka, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabik, and G. Gerlach, “Phase Transitions in PbZr1-xTixO3 Ceramics Prepared by Different Techniques,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6966–6968 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Deineka, L. Jastrabik, G. Suchaneck, and G. Gerlach, “Optical Properties of Self-Polarized PZT Ferroelectric Films,” Ferroelectrics 273, 155–160 (2002).
[Crossref]

G. Suchaneck, W.-M. Lin, R. Koehler, T. Sandner, G. Gerlach, R. Krawietz, W. Pompe, A. Deineka, and L. Jastrabik, “Characterization of RF-sputtered self-polarized PZT thin films for IR sensor arrays,” Vacuum 66, 473–478 (2002).
[Crossref]

Gilmore, C. M.

W. Chang, C. M. Gilmore, W.-J. Kim, J. M. Pond, S. W. Kirchoefer, S. B. Qadri, D. B. Chirsey, and J. S. Horwitz, “Influence of strain on microwave dielectric properties of (Ba,Sr)TiO3 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 3044–3049 (2000).
[Crossref]

Glazer, A. M.

A. M. Glazer and H. D. Megaw, “Studies of the Lattice Parameters and Domains in the Phase Transitions of NaNbO3,” Acta Cryst. A 29, 489–495 (1973)
[Crossref]

Granicher, H.

R. Hofmann, S. H. Wemple, and H. Granicher, “Dielectric Dispersion of NaOH-Doped Ice at Low Temperatures,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 28, 265–265 (1970).
[Crossref]

Gudat, W.

D. Weller, S. F. Alvarado, W. Gudat, K. SchrÖder, and M. Campagna, “Observation of Surface-Enhanced Magnetic Order and Magnetic Surface Reconstruction on Gd(0001),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1555–1558 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guerraa, S.

M. H. Lentea, J. de Los, S. Guerraa, J. A. Eirasa, and S. Lanfredi, “Investigation of microwave dielectric relaxation process in the antiferroelectric phase of NaNbO3 ceramics,” Sol. St. Com. 131, 279–282 (2004).
[Crossref]

Herzinger, C. M.

J. A. Woollam, B. Johs, C. M. Herzinger, J. Hilfiker, R. Synowicki, and C. L. Bungay, “Overview of Variable Angle Spectroscopic Ellipsometry (VASE), Part I (II): Basic Theory and Typical Applications (Advanced Applications),” Critical Reviews of Optical Science and Technology CR 72, 3–28 (1999).

Hilfiker, J.

J. A. Woollam, B. Johs, C. M. Herzinger, J. Hilfiker, R. Synowicki, and C. L. Bungay, “Overview of Variable Angle Spectroscopic Ellipsometry (VASE), Part I (II): Basic Theory and Typical Applications (Advanced Applications),” Critical Reviews of Optical Science and Technology CR 72, 3–28 (1999).

Hofmann, R.

R. Hofmann, S. H. Wemple, and H. Granicher, “Dielectric Dispersion of NaOH-Doped Ice at Low Temperatures,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 28, 265–265 (1970).
[Crossref]

Hohenberg, P. C.

K. Binder and P. C. Hohenberg, “Surface effects on magnetic phase transitions, ” Phys. Rev. B 9, 2194–2214 (1974).
[Crossref]

Holman, R. L.

E. Schneider, P. J. Cressman, and R. L. Holman, “Temperature dependence of the refractive index of strontium titanate and prism coupling to lithium niobate optical waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 53, 4054–4056 (1982).
[Crossref]

Homma, T.

Y. Saito, H. Takao, T. Tani, T. Nonoyama, K. Takatori, T. Homma, T. Nagaya, and M. Nakamura, “Lead-free piezoceramics, ” Nature 432, 84–87 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Horwitz, J. S.

W. Chang, C. M. Gilmore, W.-J. Kim, J. M. Pond, S. W. Kirchoefer, S. B. Qadri, D. B. Chirsey, and J. S. Horwitz, “Influence of strain on microwave dielectric properties of (Ba,Sr)TiO3 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 3044–3049 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hossain, M. D.

Z. Salman, R. F. Kiefl, K. H. Chow, M. D. Hossain, T. A. Keeler, S. R. Kreitzman, C. D. P. Levy, R. I. Miller, T. J. Parolin, M. R. Pearson, H. Saadaoui, J. D. Schultz, M. Smadella, D. Wang, and W. A. MacFarlane, “Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition of SrTiO3 Studied with Zero-Field β-Detected Nuclear Spin Relaxation and Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 147601–147604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, Z.

R.W. Whatmore, Q. Zhang, Z. Huang, and R. A. Dorey, “Ferroelectric thin and thick films for microsystems,” Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 5, 65–76 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hubickal, Z.

A. Deynekala, Z. Hubickal, V. Trepakovl, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabikl, G. Gerlach, J. Pokornyl, D. Chvostoval, and J. Olejnicek, “Low Pressure RF Plasma Jet Sputtering Technique Applied to Ferroelectric Films: Ba1-x SrxTiO3”, Mat. Sc. Forum Vols. 514– 516, 165–169 (2006).
[Crossref]

Irene, Eugene A.

H. G. Tompkins and Eugene A. Irene, “Handbook of ellipsometry” (William Andrew publishing, Springer, 2005)
[Crossref]

Izumitani, T

T Izumitani and H. Toratani, “Temperature coefficient of electronic polarizability in optical glasses,” J. Non. Cryst. Sol. 40, 611–619 (1980).
[Crossref]

Jang, H. M.

E. G. Lee, J.K. Lee, J.-Y. Kim, J. G. Lee, H. M. Jang, and S. J. Kim, “Zr/Ti ratio dependence of the deformation in the hysteresis loop of Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 thin films,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 18, 2025–2028 (1999).
[Crossref]

Jastrabik, L.

A. Deyneka, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabik, and G. Gerlach, “Phase Transition Shift in Lead-Excess PZT Films Under UV Illumination,” Ferroelectrics 67, 173–180 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Deyneka, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabik, and G. Gerlach, “Phase Transitions in PbZr1-xTixO3 Ceramics Prepared by Different Techniques,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6966–6968 (2002).
[Crossref]

G. Suchaneck, W.-M. Lin, R. Koehler, T. Sandner, G. Gerlach, R. Krawietz, W. Pompe, A. Deineka, and L. Jastrabik, “Characterization of RF-sputtered self-polarized PZT thin films for IR sensor arrays,” Vacuum 66, 473–478 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Deineka, L. Jastrabik, G. Suchaneck, and G. Gerlach, “Optical Properties of Self-Polarized PZT Ferroelectric Films,” Ferroelectrics 273, 155–160 (2002).
[Crossref]

V. Trepakov, A. Dejneka, P. Markovin, A. Lynnyk, and L. Jastrabik, Division of Optics, Institute of Physics, Academy of Science, 182 21 Prague 8, Czech Republic, ““Soft elecronic band” and negative thermooptic effect in stroncum titanate” accepted for publication in New Journal of Physics (2009).

Jastrabikl, L.

A. Deynekala, Z. Hubickal, V. Trepakovl, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabikl, G. Gerlach, J. Pokornyl, D. Chvostoval, and J. Olejnicek, “Low Pressure RF Plasma Jet Sputtering Technique Applied to Ferroelectric Films: Ba1-x SrxTiO3”, Mat. Sc. Forum Vols. 514– 516, 165–169 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jellison, G. E.

G. E. Jellison and J. W. McCamy, “Sample depolarization effects from thin films of ZnS on GaAs as measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 512–514 (1992).
[Crossref]

Johs, B.

J. A. Woollam, B. Johs, C. M. Herzinger, J. Hilfiker, R. Synowicki, and C. L. Bungay, “Overview of Variable Angle Spectroscopic Ellipsometry (VASE), Part I (II): Basic Theory and Typical Applications (Advanced Applications),” Critical Reviews of Optical Science and Technology CR 72, 3–28 (1999).

Keeler, T. A.

Z. Salman, R. F. Kiefl, K. H. Chow, M. D. Hossain, T. A. Keeler, S. R. Kreitzman, C. D. P. Levy, R. I. Miller, T. J. Parolin, M. R. Pearson, H. Saadaoui, J. D. Schultz, M. Smadella, D. Wang, and W. A. MacFarlane, “Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition of SrTiO3 Studied with Zero-Field β-Detected Nuclear Spin Relaxation and Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 147601–147604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kiefl, R. F.

Z. Salman, R. F. Kiefl, K. H. Chow, M. D. Hossain, T. A. Keeler, S. R. Kreitzman, C. D. P. Levy, R. I. Miller, T. J. Parolin, M. R. Pearson, H. Saadaoui, J. D. Schultz, M. Smadella, D. Wang, and W. A. MacFarlane, “Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition of SrTiO3 Studied with Zero-Field β-Detected Nuclear Spin Relaxation and Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 147601–147604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, J.-Y.

E. G. Lee, J.K. Lee, J.-Y. Kim, J. G. Lee, H. M. Jang, and S. J. Kim, “Zr/Ti ratio dependence of the deformation in the hysteresis loop of Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 thin films,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 18, 2025–2028 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. J.

E. G. Lee, J.K. Lee, J.-Y. Kim, J. G. Lee, H. M. Jang, and S. J. Kim, “Zr/Ti ratio dependence of the deformation in the hysteresis loop of Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 thin films,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 18, 2025–2028 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kim, W.-J.

W. Chang, C. M. Gilmore, W.-J. Kim, J. M. Pond, S. W. Kirchoefer, S. B. Qadri, D. B. Chirsey, and J. S. Horwitz, “Influence of strain on microwave dielectric properties of (Ba,Sr)TiO3 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 3044–3049 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kirchoefer, S. W.

W. Chang, C. M. Gilmore, W.-J. Kim, J. M. Pond, S. W. Kirchoefer, S. B. Qadri, D. B. Chirsey, and J. S. Horwitz, “Influence of strain on microwave dielectric properties of (Ba,Sr)TiO3 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 3044–3049 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kleemann, W.

W. Kleemann, F. J. Schafer, and M. D. Fontain, “Crystal optical studies of spontaneous and precursor polarization in KNbO3,” Phys. Rev. B 301148–1154 (1984).
[Crossref]

Knight, K. S.

C. N. W. Darlington and K. S. Knight, “On the lattice parameters of sodium niobateat room temperature and above,” Physica B 266, 368–372 (1999).
[Crossref]

Koehler, R.

G. Suchaneck, W.-M. Lin, R. Koehler, T. Sandner, G. Gerlach, R. Krawietz, W. Pompe, A. Deineka, and L. Jastrabik, “Characterization of RF-sputtered self-polarized PZT thin films for IR sensor arrays,” Vacuum 66, 473–478 (2002).
[Crossref]

Koehler, W. F.

W. F. Koehler, F. K. Odencrantz, and W. C. White, “Optical Constants of Evaporated Selenium Films by Successive Approximations,” J. Opt. Soc Am. 49109–114 (1959).
[Crossref]

Krawietz, R.

G. Suchaneck, W.-M. Lin, R. Koehler, T. Sandner, G. Gerlach, R. Krawietz, W. Pompe, A. Deineka, and L. Jastrabik, “Characterization of RF-sputtered self-polarized PZT thin films for IR sensor arrays,” Vacuum 66, 473–478 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kreitzman, S. R.

Z. Salman, R. F. Kiefl, K. H. Chow, M. D. Hossain, T. A. Keeler, S. R. Kreitzman, C. D. P. Levy, R. I. Miller, T. J. Parolin, M. R. Pearson, H. Saadaoui, J. D. Schultz, M. Smadella, D. Wang, and W. A. MacFarlane, “Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition of SrTiO3 Studied with Zero-Field β-Detected Nuclear Spin Relaxation and Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 147601–147604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krepelka, J.

J. Krepelka, “Plane electromagnetic waves in anisotropic layered systems”, Acta Universitatis Palackinae Olomucensis. Physica 36, 109–132 (1997).

J. Krepelka, (in Czech) Optics of thin films (Palacky University Olomouc, Faculty of Natural Sciences, 1993).

Kundzins, K

I. Aulika, A. Deyneka, V Zauls, and K Kundzins, “Thermo-optical studies of NaNbO3 thin films,” J. Phys., Conf. Ser. V 93012016 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kundzins, K.

I. Aulika, A. Dejneka, V. Zauls, and K. Kundzins, “Optical gradient of the trapezium-shaped NaNbO3 thin films studied by spectroscopic ellipsometry”, J. Electroch. Soc.,  155, G209–G213 (2008).
[Crossref]

I. Aulika, J. Petzelt, J. Pokorny, A. Deyneka, V. Zauls, and K. Kundzins, “Structural and Optical Studies of NaNbO3 Thin Films Grown by PLD on SrRuO3 Bottom Electrode,” Rev. Adv. Mater. Sc. V 15, 158–166 (2007).

Lambert, M.

F. Denoyer, R. Comes, and M. Lambert, “X-ray Diffuse Scattering from NaNbO3 as a Function of Temperature,” Acta Cryst. A 27, 414–420 (1971).
[Crossref]

Lanfredi, S.

M. H. Lentea, J. de Los, S. Guerraa, J. A. Eirasa, and S. Lanfredi, “Investigation of microwave dielectric relaxation process in the antiferroelectric phase of NaNbO3 ceramics,” Sol. St. Com. 131, 279–282 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lee, E. G.

E. G. Lee, J.K. Lee, J.-Y. Kim, J. G. Lee, H. M. Jang, and S. J. Kim, “Zr/Ti ratio dependence of the deformation in the hysteresis loop of Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 thin films,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 18, 2025–2028 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. G.

E. G. Lee, J.K. Lee, J.-Y. Kim, J. G. Lee, H. M. Jang, and S. J. Kim, “Zr/Ti ratio dependence of the deformation in the hysteresis loop of Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 thin films,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 18, 2025–2028 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.K.

E. G. Lee, J.K. Lee, J.-Y. Kim, J. G. Lee, H. M. Jang, and S. J. Kim, “Zr/Ti ratio dependence of the deformation in the hysteresis loop of Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 thin films,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 18, 2025–2028 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lefkiwitz, I.

I. Lefkiwitz, K. Lukaszewicz, and H. D. Megaw, “The High-Temperature Phases of Sodium Niohate and the Nature of Transitions in Psendosymmetrie Struetures,” Acre Cryst. 20, 670–683 (1966).
[Crossref]

Lemanov, V. V.

E. D. Mishina, T. V. Misuryaev, N. E. Sherstyuk, V. V. Lemanov, A. I. Morozov, A. S. Sigov, and Th. Rasing, “Observation of a Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition in SrTiO3 by Optical Second Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3664–3667 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lentea, M. H.

M. H. Lentea, J. de Los, S. Guerraa, J. A. Eirasa, and S. Lanfredi, “Investigation of microwave dielectric relaxation process in the antiferroelectric phase of NaNbO3 ceramics,” Sol. St. Com. 131, 279–282 (2004).
[Crossref]

Levanyuk, A. P.

A. P. Levanyuk and S. A. Minyukov, in Russion “Ob evoluciji pripoverhnostnyh iskazhenii struktury kristallov vblizi tochek strukturnyh fazovyh perehodov,” Fiz. Tver. Tela 25, 2617–2622 (1983).

Levy, C. D. P.

Z. Salman, R. F. Kiefl, K. H. Chow, M. D. Hossain, T. A. Keeler, S. R. Kreitzman, C. D. P. Levy, R. I. Miller, T. J. Parolin, M. R. Pearson, H. Saadaoui, J. D. Schultz, M. Smadella, D. Wang, and W. A. MacFarlane, “Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition of SrTiO3 Studied with Zero-Field β-Detected Nuclear Spin Relaxation and Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 147601–147604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, W.-M.

G. Suchaneck, W.-M. Lin, R. Koehler, T. Sandner, G. Gerlach, R. Krawietz, W. Pompe, A. Deineka, and L. Jastrabik, “Characterization of RF-sputtered self-polarized PZT thin films for IR sensor arrays,” Vacuum 66, 473–478 (2002).
[Crossref]

Los, J. de

M. H. Lentea, J. de Los, S. Guerraa, J. A. Eirasa, and S. Lanfredi, “Investigation of microwave dielectric relaxation process in the antiferroelectric phase of NaNbO3 ceramics,” Sol. St. Com. 131, 279–282 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lukaszewicz, K.

I. Lefkiwitz, K. Lukaszewicz, and H. D. Megaw, “The High-Temperature Phases of Sodium Niohate and the Nature of Transitions in Psendosymmetrie Struetures,” Acre Cryst. 20, 670–683 (1966).
[Crossref]

Lynnyk, A.

V. Trepakov, A. Dejneka, P. Markovin, A. Lynnyk, and L. Jastrabik, Division of Optics, Institute of Physics, Academy of Science, 182 21 Prague 8, Czech Republic, ““Soft elecronic band” and negative thermooptic effect in stroncum titanate” accepted for publication in New Journal of Physics (2009).

MacFarlane, W. A.

Z. Salman, R. F. Kiefl, K. H. Chow, M. D. Hossain, T. A. Keeler, S. R. Kreitzman, C. D. P. Levy, R. I. Miller, T. J. Parolin, M. R. Pearson, H. Saadaoui, J. D. Schultz, M. Smadella, D. Wang, and W. A. MacFarlane, “Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition of SrTiO3 Studied with Zero-Field β-Detected Nuclear Spin Relaxation and Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 147601–147604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Markovin, P.

V. Trepakov, A. Dejneka, P. Markovin, A. Lynnyk, and L. Jastrabik, Division of Optics, Institute of Physics, Academy of Science, 182 21 Prague 8, Czech Republic, ““Soft elecronic band” and negative thermooptic effect in stroncum titanate” accepted for publication in New Journal of Physics (2009).

McCamy, J. W.

G. E. Jellison and J. W. McCamy, “Sample depolarization effects from thin films of ZnS on GaAs as measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 512–514 (1992).
[Crossref]

Megaw, H. D.

A. M. Glazer and H. D. Megaw, “Studies of the Lattice Parameters and Domains in the Phase Transitions of NaNbO3,” Acta Cryst. A 29, 489–495 (1973)
[Crossref]

I. Lefkiwitz, K. Lukaszewicz, and H. D. Megaw, “The High-Temperature Phases of Sodium Niohate and the Nature of Transitions in Psendosymmetrie Struetures,” Acre Cryst. 20, 670–683 (1966).
[Crossref]

Menth, A.

J. Tauc and A. Menth, “States In The Gap,” J. Non-Cryst. Sol. 8, 569–585 (1972).
[Crossref]

Miller, R. I.

Z. Salman, R. F. Kiefl, K. H. Chow, M. D. Hossain, T. A. Keeler, S. R. Kreitzman, C. D. P. Levy, R. I. Miller, T. J. Parolin, M. R. Pearson, H. Saadaoui, J. D. Schultz, M. Smadella, D. Wang, and W. A. MacFarlane, “Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition of SrTiO3 Studied with Zero-Field β-Detected Nuclear Spin Relaxation and Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 147601–147604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mills, D. L.

D. L. Mills, “Surface Effects in Magnetic Crystals near the Ordering Temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 3, 3885–3895 (1971).
[Crossref]

Minyukov, S. A.

A. P. Levanyuk and S. A. Minyukov, in Russion “Ob evoluciji pripoverhnostnyh iskazhenii struktury kristallov vblizi tochek strukturnyh fazovyh perehodov,” Fiz. Tver. Tela 25, 2617–2622 (1983).

Mishina, E. D.

E. D. Mishina, T. V. Misuryaev, N. E. Sherstyuk, V. V. Lemanov, A. I. Morozov, A. S. Sigov, and Th. Rasing, “Observation of a Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition in SrTiO3 by Optical Second Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3664–3667 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Misuryaev, T. V.

E. D. Mishina, T. V. Misuryaev, N. E. Sherstyuk, V. V. Lemanov, A. I. Morozov, A. S. Sigov, and Th. Rasing, “Observation of a Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition in SrTiO3 by Optical Second Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3664–3667 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mitra, S. S.

Y. F. Tsay, B. Bendow, and S. S. Mitra, “Theory of the Temperature Derivative of the Refractive Index in Transparent Crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 8, 2688–2696 (1973).
[Crossref]

Molly, F. A.

F. A. Molly, Opt. Soc. Am.39, 600, (1949).
[Crossref]

Morozov, A. I.

E. D. Mishina, T. V. Misuryaev, N. E. Sherstyuk, V. V. Lemanov, A. I. Morozov, A. S. Sigov, and Th. Rasing, “Observation of a Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition in SrTiO3 by Optical Second Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3664–3667 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Muralt, P.

P. Muralt, “Ferroelectric thin films for micro-sensors and actuators: a review,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 10, 136–146 (2000).
[Crossref]

Nagaya, T.

Y. Saito, H. Takao, T. Tani, T. Nonoyama, K. Takatori, T. Homma, T. Nagaya, and M. Nakamura, “Lead-free piezoceramics, ” Nature 432, 84–87 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nakamura, M.

Y. Saito, H. Takao, T. Tani, T. Nonoyama, K. Takatori, T. Homma, T. Nagaya, and M. Nakamura, “Lead-free piezoceramics, ” Nature 432, 84–87 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Narasimhamurti, T. S.

T. S. Narasimhamurti, Photoelastic and electro-optic properties of crystals (Plenum Press, N-Y & London, 1981).

T. S. Narasimhamurti, Photoelastic and electro-optic properties of crystals (Plenum Press, N-Y & London, 1981).

Nasyrev, A.

R. V. Pisarev, B. N. Shermatov, and A. Nasyrev, in Russion “Otricaltelnyj istennyj termoopticheskij effekt v titanate stroncija SrTiO3,” Fizika Tverdovo Telo 28, 3338–3341 (1986).

Nigan, G. D.

B. Panda, A. Dhar, G. D. Nigan, D. Bhattacharga, and S. K. Ray, “Optical properties of RF sputtered strontium substituted barium titanate thin films,” Thin Solid Films 332, 46–49 (1998)
[Crossref]

Nonoyama, T.

Y. Saito, H. Takao, T. Tani, T. Nonoyama, K. Takatori, T. Homma, T. Nagaya, and M. Nakamura, “Lead-free piezoceramics, ” Nature 432, 84–87 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Odencrantz, F. K.

W. F. Koehler, F. K. Odencrantz, and W. C. White, “Optical Constants of Evaporated Selenium Films by Successive Approximations,” J. Opt. Soc Am. 49109–114 (1959).
[Crossref]

Olejnicek, J.

A. Deynekala, Z. Hubickal, V. Trepakovl, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabikl, G. Gerlach, J. Pokornyl, D. Chvostoval, and J. Olejnicek, “Low Pressure RF Plasma Jet Sputtering Technique Applied to Ferroelectric Films: Ba1-x SrxTiO3”, Mat. Sc. Forum Vols. 514– 516, 165–169 (2006).
[Crossref]

Panda, B.

B. Panda, A. Dhar, G. D. Nigan, D. Bhattacharga, and S. K. Ray, “Optical properties of RF sputtered strontium substituted barium titanate thin films,” Thin Solid Films 332, 46–49 (1998)
[Crossref]

Parolin, T. J.

Z. Salman, R. F. Kiefl, K. H. Chow, M. D. Hossain, T. A. Keeler, S. R. Kreitzman, C. D. P. Levy, R. I. Miller, T. J. Parolin, M. R. Pearson, H. Saadaoui, J. D. Schultz, M. Smadella, D. Wang, and W. A. MacFarlane, “Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition of SrTiO3 Studied with Zero-Field β-Detected Nuclear Spin Relaxation and Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 147601–147604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pearson, M. R.

Z. Salman, R. F. Kiefl, K. H. Chow, M. D. Hossain, T. A. Keeler, S. R. Kreitzman, C. D. P. Levy, R. I. Miller, T. J. Parolin, M. R. Pearson, H. Saadaoui, J. D. Schultz, M. Smadella, D. Wang, and W. A. MacFarlane, “Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition of SrTiO3 Studied with Zero-Field β-Detected Nuclear Spin Relaxation and Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 147601–147604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petzelt, J.

I. Aulika, J. Petzelt, J. Pokorny, A. Deyneka, V. Zauls, and K. Kundzins, “Structural and Optical Studies of NaNbO3 Thin Films Grown by PLD on SrRuO3 Bottom Electrode,” Rev. Adv. Mater. Sc. V 15, 158–166 (2007).

J. Fousek and J. Petzelt, “Changes of Refractive Indices of Crystals Induced by Structural Phase Transitions,” Phys. Stat. Sol 55, 11–40 (1979).
[Crossref]

Philipp, H. R.

H. R. Philipp, “Optical properties of non-crystalline Si, SiO, SiOx and SiO2,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 32, 1935–1945 (1971).
[Crossref]

Pisarev, R. V.

R. V. Pisarev, B. N. Shermatov, and A. Nasyrev, in Russion “Otricaltelnyj istennyj termoopticheskij effekt v titanate stroncija SrTiO3,” Fizika Tverdovo Telo 28, 3338–3341 (1986).

Pitzer, D.

R. Bruchhaus, D. Pitzer, R. Primig, W. Wersing, and Y. Xu, “Deposition of self-polarized PZT films by planar multi-target sputtering,” Integrated Ferroelectrics 14, 141–149 (1997).
[Crossref]

Pokorny, J.

I. Aulika, J. Petzelt, J. Pokorny, A. Deyneka, V. Zauls, and K. Kundzins, “Structural and Optical Studies of NaNbO3 Thin Films Grown by PLD on SrRuO3 Bottom Electrode,” Rev. Adv. Mater. Sc. V 15, 158–166 (2007).

Pokornyl, J.

A. Deynekala, Z. Hubickal, V. Trepakovl, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabikl, G. Gerlach, J. Pokornyl, D. Chvostoval, and J. Olejnicek, “Low Pressure RF Plasma Jet Sputtering Technique Applied to Ferroelectric Films: Ba1-x SrxTiO3”, Mat. Sc. Forum Vols. 514– 516, 165–169 (2006).
[Crossref]

Pompe, W.

G. Suchaneck, W.-M. Lin, R. Koehler, T. Sandner, G. Gerlach, R. Krawietz, W. Pompe, A. Deineka, and L. Jastrabik, “Characterization of RF-sputtered self-polarized PZT thin films for IR sensor arrays,” Vacuum 66, 473–478 (2002).
[Crossref]

Pond, J. M.

W. Chang, C. M. Gilmore, W.-J. Kim, J. M. Pond, S. W. Kirchoefer, S. B. Qadri, D. B. Chirsey, and J. S. Horwitz, “Influence of strain on microwave dielectric properties of (Ba,Sr)TiO3 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 3044–3049 (2000).
[Crossref]

Primig, R.

R. Bruchhaus, D. Pitzer, R. Primig, W. Wersing, and Y. Xu, “Deposition of self-polarized PZT films by planar multi-target sputtering,” Integrated Ferroelectrics 14, 141–149 (1997).
[Crossref]

Qadri, S. B.

W. Chang, C. M. Gilmore, W.-J. Kim, J. M. Pond, S. W. Kirchoefer, S. B. Qadri, D. B. Chirsey, and J. S. Horwitz, “Influence of strain on microwave dielectric properties of (Ba,Sr)TiO3 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 3044–3049 (2000).
[Crossref]

Rasing, Th.

E. D. Mishina, T. V. Misuryaev, N. E. Sherstyuk, V. V. Lemanov, A. I. Morozov, A. S. Sigov, and Th. Rasing, “Observation of a Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition in SrTiO3 by Optical Second Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3664–3667 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ray, S. K.

B. Panda, A. Dhar, G. D. Nigan, D. Bhattacharga, and S. K. Ray, “Optical properties of RF sputtered strontium substituted barium titanate thin films,” Thin Solid Films 332, 46–49 (1998)
[Crossref]

Reimyer, F.

F. Reimyer, Glastech. Ber. 37, 122, (1961).

Rigamoti, A.

A. Avogadro, G. Bonera, F. Borsa, and A. Rigamoti, “Static and dynamic properties of the structural phase transitions in NaNbO3,” Phys. Rev. 9, 3905–3920 (1974).
[Crossref]

Rudaz, S. L.

P. K. Wang, J. P. Ansermet, S. L. Rudaz, Z. Wang, S. Shore, C. P. Slichter, and J. H. Sinfelt, “NMR Studies of Simple Molecules on Metal Surfaces,” Science 234, 35–41 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saadaoui, H.

Z. Salman, R. F. Kiefl, K. H. Chow, M. D. Hossain, T. A. Keeler, S. R. Kreitzman, C. D. P. Levy, R. I. Miller, T. J. Parolin, M. R. Pearson, H. Saadaoui, J. D. Schultz, M. Smadella, D. Wang, and W. A. MacFarlane, “Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition of SrTiO3 Studied with Zero-Field β-Detected Nuclear Spin Relaxation and Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 147601–147604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saito, Y.

Y. Saito, H. Takao, T. Tani, T. Nonoyama, K. Takatori, T. Homma, T. Nagaya, and M. Nakamura, “Lead-free piezoceramics, ” Nature 432, 84–87 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Salman, Z.

Z. Salman, R. F. Kiefl, K. H. Chow, M. D. Hossain, T. A. Keeler, S. R. Kreitzman, C. D. P. Levy, R. I. Miller, T. J. Parolin, M. R. Pearson, H. Saadaoui, J. D. Schultz, M. Smadella, D. Wang, and W. A. MacFarlane, “Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition of SrTiO3 Studied with Zero-Field β-Detected Nuclear Spin Relaxation and Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 147601–147604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sandner, T.

G. Suchaneck, W.-M. Lin, R. Koehler, T. Sandner, G. Gerlach, R. Krawietz, W. Pompe, A. Deineka, and L. Jastrabik, “Characterization of RF-sputtered self-polarized PZT thin films for IR sensor arrays,” Vacuum 66, 473–478 (2002).
[Crossref]

Schafer, F. J.

W. Kleemann, F. J. Schafer, and M. D. Fontain, “Crystal optical studies of spontaneous and precursor polarization in KNbO3,” Phys. Rev. B 301148–1154 (1984).
[Crossref]

Schneider, E.

E. Schneider, P. J. Cressman, and R. L. Holman, “Temperature dependence of the refractive index of strontium titanate and prism coupling to lithium niobate optical waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 53, 4054–4056 (1982).
[Crossref]

SchrÖder, K.

D. Weller, S. F. Alvarado, W. Gudat, K. SchrÖder, and M. Campagna, “Observation of Surface-Enhanced Magnetic Order and Magnetic Surface Reconstruction on Gd(0001),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1555–1558 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schultz, J. D.

Z. Salman, R. F. Kiefl, K. H. Chow, M. D. Hossain, T. A. Keeler, S. R. Kreitzman, C. D. P. Levy, R. I. Miller, T. J. Parolin, M. R. Pearson, H. Saadaoui, J. D. Schultz, M. Smadella, D. Wang, and W. A. MacFarlane, “Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition of SrTiO3 Studied with Zero-Field β-Detected Nuclear Spin Relaxation and Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 147601–147604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scott, B. A.

G. Burns and B. A. Scott, “Index of refraction in ‘dirty’ displacive ferroelectrics,” Sol. St. Comm. 13423–426 (1973).
[Crossref]

Shen, W. Z.

H. P. Zhou, W. Z. Shen, N. B. Chen, and H. Z. Wu, “Observation of negative thermo-optical coefficient in cubic MgZnO thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3723–3725 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shermatov, B. N.

R. V. Pisarev, B. N. Shermatov, and A. Nasyrev, in Russion “Otricaltelnyj istennyj termoopticheskij effekt v titanate stroncija SrTiO3,” Fizika Tverdovo Telo 28, 3338–3341 (1986).

Sherstyuk, N. E.

E. D. Mishina, T. V. Misuryaev, N. E. Sherstyuk, V. V. Lemanov, A. I. Morozov, A. S. Sigov, and Th. Rasing, “Observation of a Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition in SrTiO3 by Optical Second Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3664–3667 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shibata, S.

S. Takahashi and S. Shibata, “Thermal variation of attenuation for optical fibers,” J Non-Cryst Solids 30, 359–370 (1979).
[Crossref]

Shore, S.

P. K. Wang, J. P. Ansermet, S. L. Rudaz, Z. Wang, S. Shore, C. P. Slichter, and J. H. Sinfelt, “NMR Studies of Simple Molecules on Metal Surfaces,” Science 234, 35–41 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sigov, A. S.

E. D. Mishina, T. V. Misuryaev, N. E. Sherstyuk, V. V. Lemanov, A. I. Morozov, A. S. Sigov, and Th. Rasing, “Observation of a Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition in SrTiO3 by Optical Second Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3664–3667 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sinfelt, J. H.

P. K. Wang, J. P. Ansermet, S. L. Rudaz, Z. Wang, S. Shore, C. P. Slichter, and J. H. Sinfelt, “NMR Studies of Simple Molecules on Metal Surfaces,” Science 234, 35–41 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Slichter, C. P.

P. K. Wang, J. P. Ansermet, S. L. Rudaz, Z. Wang, S. Shore, C. P. Slichter, and J. H. Sinfelt, “NMR Studies of Simple Molecules on Metal Surfaces,” Science 234, 35–41 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smadella, M.

Z. Salman, R. F. Kiefl, K. H. Chow, M. D. Hossain, T. A. Keeler, S. R. Kreitzman, C. D. P. Levy, R. I. Miller, T. J. Parolin, M. R. Pearson, H. Saadaoui, J. D. Schultz, M. Smadella, D. Wang, and W. A. MacFarlane, “Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition of SrTiO3 Studied with Zero-Field β-Detected Nuclear Spin Relaxation and Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 147601–147604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sparks, M.

M. Sparks, “Optical Distortion by Heated Windows in High-Power Laser Systems,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5029–5046 (1983).
[Crossref]

Stuke, J.

J. Stuke, “Review of optical and electrical properties of amorphous semiconductors,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 4, 1–26 (1970).
[Crossref]

Suchaneck, G.

A. Deynekala, Z. Hubickal, V. Trepakovl, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabikl, G. Gerlach, J. Pokornyl, D. Chvostoval, and J. Olejnicek, “Low Pressure RF Plasma Jet Sputtering Technique Applied to Ferroelectric Films: Ba1-x SrxTiO3”, Mat. Sc. Forum Vols. 514– 516, 165–169 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Deyneka, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabik, and G. Gerlach, “Phase Transition Shift in Lead-Excess PZT Films Under UV Illumination,” Ferroelectrics 67, 173–180 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Deyneka, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabik, and G. Gerlach, “Phase Transitions in PbZr1-xTixO3 Ceramics Prepared by Different Techniques,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6966–6968 (2002).
[Crossref]

G. Suchaneck, W.-M. Lin, R. Koehler, T. Sandner, G. Gerlach, R. Krawietz, W. Pompe, A. Deineka, and L. Jastrabik, “Characterization of RF-sputtered self-polarized PZT thin films for IR sensor arrays,” Vacuum 66, 473–478 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Deineka, L. Jastrabik, G. Suchaneck, and G. Gerlach, “Optical Properties of Self-Polarized PZT Ferroelectric Films,” Ferroelectrics 273, 155–160 (2002).
[Crossref]

Synowicki, R.

J. A. Woollam, B. Johs, C. M. Herzinger, J. Hilfiker, R. Synowicki, and C. L. Bungay, “Overview of Variable Angle Spectroscopic Ellipsometry (VASE), Part I (II): Basic Theory and Typical Applications (Advanced Applications),” Critical Reviews of Optical Science and Technology CR 72, 3–28 (1999).

Takahashi, S.

S. Takahashi and S. Shibata, “Thermal variation of attenuation for optical fibers,” J Non-Cryst Solids 30, 359–370 (1979).
[Crossref]

Takao, H.

Y. Saito, H. Takao, T. Tani, T. Nonoyama, K. Takatori, T. Homma, T. Nagaya, and M. Nakamura, “Lead-free piezoceramics, ” Nature 432, 84–87 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takatori, K.

Y. Saito, H. Takao, T. Tani, T. Nonoyama, K. Takatori, T. Homma, T. Nagaya, and M. Nakamura, “Lead-free piezoceramics, ” Nature 432, 84–87 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tani, T.

Y. Saito, H. Takao, T. Tani, T. Nonoyama, K. Takatori, T. Homma, T. Nagaya, and M. Nakamura, “Lead-free piezoceramics, ” Nature 432, 84–87 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tauc, J.

R. K. Galkiewicz and J. Tauc, “Photoelastic properties of amorphous As2S3,” Sol. State Commun. 10, 1261–1264 (1972).
[Crossref]

J. Tauc and A. Menth, “States In The Gap,” J. Non-Cryst. Sol. 8, 569–585 (1972).
[Crossref]

Tompkins, H. G.

H. G. Tompkins and Eugene A. Irene, “Handbook of ellipsometry” (William Andrew publishing, Springer, 2005)
[Crossref]

Toratani, H.

T Izumitani and H. Toratani, “Temperature coefficient of electronic polarizability in optical glasses,” J. Non. Cryst. Sol. 40, 611–619 (1980).
[Crossref]

Toyoda, T.

T. Toyoda and M. Yabe, “The temperature dependence of the refractive indices of SrTiO3 and TiO2,” J. Phys. D. Appl. Phys. 16, L251–L255 (1983).
[Crossref]

Trepakov, V.

V. Trepakov, A. Dejneka, P. Markovin, A. Lynnyk, and L. Jastrabik, Division of Optics, Institute of Physics, Academy of Science, 182 21 Prague 8, Czech Republic, ““Soft elecronic band” and negative thermooptic effect in stroncum titanate” accepted for publication in New Journal of Physics (2009).

Trepakovl, V.

A. Deynekala, Z. Hubickal, V. Trepakovl, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabikl, G. Gerlach, J. Pokornyl, D. Chvostoval, and J. Olejnicek, “Low Pressure RF Plasma Jet Sputtering Technique Applied to Ferroelectric Films: Ba1-x SrxTiO3”, Mat. Sc. Forum Vols. 514– 516, 165–169 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tsay, Y. F.

Y. F. Tsay, B. Bendow, and S. S. Mitra, “Theory of the Temperature Derivative of the Refractive Index in Transparent Crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 8, 2688–2696 (1973).
[Crossref]

Varshni, V. P.

V. P. Varshni, “Temperature dependence of the energy gap in semiconductors, Physica 34, 149 (1967).
[Crossref]

Wang, D.

Z. Salman, R. F. Kiefl, K. H. Chow, M. D. Hossain, T. A. Keeler, S. R. Kreitzman, C. D. P. Levy, R. I. Miller, T. J. Parolin, M. R. Pearson, H. Saadaoui, J. D. Schultz, M. Smadella, D. Wang, and W. A. MacFarlane, “Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition of SrTiO3 Studied with Zero-Field β-Detected Nuclear Spin Relaxation and Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 147601–147604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, P. K.

P. K. Wang, J. P. Ansermet, S. L. Rudaz, Z. Wang, S. Shore, C. P. Slichter, and J. H. Sinfelt, “NMR Studies of Simple Molecules on Metal Surfaces,” Science 234, 35–41 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

P. K. Wang, J. P. Ansermet, S. L. Rudaz, Z. Wang, S. Shore, C. P. Slichter, and J. H. Sinfelt, “NMR Studies of Simple Molecules on Metal Surfaces,” Science 234, 35–41 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weller, D.

D. Weller, S. F. Alvarado, W. Gudat, K. SchrÖder, and M. Campagna, “Observation of Surface-Enhanced Magnetic Order and Magnetic Surface Reconstruction on Gd(0001),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1555–1558 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wemple, S. H.

S. H. Wemple, “Refractive-Index Behavior of Amorphous Semiconductors and Glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 7, 3767–3777 (1973).
[Crossref]

R. Hofmann, S. H. Wemple, and H. Granicher, “Dielectric Dispersion of NaOH-Doped Ice at Low Temperatures,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 28, 265–265 (1970).
[Crossref]

Wersing, W.

R. Bruchhaus, D. Pitzer, R. Primig, W. Wersing, and Y. Xu, “Deposition of self-polarized PZT films by planar multi-target sputtering,” Integrated Ferroelectrics 14, 141–149 (1997).
[Crossref]

Whatmore, R.W.

R.W. Whatmore, Q. Zhang, Z. Huang, and R. A. Dorey, “Ferroelectric thin and thick films for microsystems,” Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 5, 65–76 (2003).
[Crossref]

White, W. C.

W. F. Koehler, F. K. Odencrantz, and W. C. White, “Optical Constants of Evaporated Selenium Films by Successive Approximations,” J. Opt. Soc Am. 49109–114 (1959).
[Crossref]

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th edition, (Cambridge University Press, New York, 1999).

Woollam, J. A.

J. A. Woollam, B. Johs, C. M. Herzinger, J. Hilfiker, R. Synowicki, and C. L. Bungay, “Overview of Variable Angle Spectroscopic Ellipsometry (VASE), Part I (II): Basic Theory and Typical Applications (Advanced Applications),” Critical Reviews of Optical Science and Technology CR 72, 3–28 (1999).

Wu, H. Z.

H. P. Zhou, W. Z. Shen, N. B. Chen, and H. Z. Wu, “Observation of negative thermo-optical coefficient in cubic MgZnO thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3723–3725 (2004).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y.

R. Bruchhaus, D. Pitzer, R. Primig, W. Wersing, and Y. Xu, “Deposition of self-polarized PZT films by planar multi-target sputtering,” Integrated Ferroelectrics 14, 141–149 (1997).
[Crossref]

Yabe, M.

T. Toyoda and M. Yabe, “The temperature dependence of the refractive indices of SrTiO3 and TiO2,” J. Phys. D. Appl. Phys. 16, L251–L255 (1983).
[Crossref]

Zauls, V

I. Aulika, A. Deyneka, V Zauls, and K Kundzins, “Thermo-optical studies of NaNbO3 thin films,” J. Phys., Conf. Ser. V 93012016 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zauls, V.

I. Aulika, A. Dejneka, V. Zauls, and K. Kundzins, “Optical gradient of the trapezium-shaped NaNbO3 thin films studied by spectroscopic ellipsometry”, J. Electroch. Soc.,  155, G209–G213 (2008).
[Crossref]

I. Aulika, J. Petzelt, J. Pokorny, A. Deyneka, V. Zauls, and K. Kundzins, “Structural and Optical Studies of NaNbO3 Thin Films Grown by PLD on SrRuO3 Bottom Electrode,” Rev. Adv. Mater. Sc. V 15, 158–166 (2007).

Zhang, Q.

R.W. Whatmore, Q. Zhang, Z. Huang, and R. A. Dorey, “Ferroelectric thin and thick films for microsystems,” Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 5, 65–76 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhou, H. P.

H. P. Zhou, W. Z. Shen, N. B. Chen, and H. Z. Wu, “Observation of negative thermo-optical coefficient in cubic MgZnO thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3723–3725 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhu, S.-Y.

S.-Y. Zhu, Y.-L. Chen, and J.-X. Fang, “Thermal effects of the refractive index caused by the electron-phonon interaction,” Phys. Rew. B 35, 2980–2987 (1987).
[Crossref]

Acre Cryst. (1)

I. Lefkiwitz, K. Lukaszewicz, and H. D. Megaw, “The High-Temperature Phases of Sodium Niohate and the Nature of Transitions in Psendosymmetrie Struetures,” Acre Cryst. 20, 670–683 (1966).
[Crossref]

Acta Cryst. (2)

A. M. Glazer and H. D. Megaw, “Studies of the Lattice Parameters and Domains in the Phase Transitions of NaNbO3,” Acta Cryst. A 29, 489–495 (1973)
[Crossref]

F. Denoyer, R. Comes, and M. Lambert, “X-ray Diffuse Scattering from NaNbO3 as a Function of Temperature,” Acta Cryst. A 27, 414–420 (1971).
[Crossref]

Acta Universitatis Palackinae Olomucensis. Physica (1)

J. Krepelka, “Plane electromagnetic waves in anisotropic layered systems”, Acta Universitatis Palackinae Olomucensis. Physica 36, 109–132 (1997).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

G. E. Jellison and J. W. McCamy, “Sample depolarization effects from thin films of ZnS on GaAs as measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 512–514 (1992).
[Crossref]

H. P. Zhou, W. Z. Shen, N. B. Chen, and H. Z. Wu, “Observation of negative thermo-optical coefficient in cubic MgZnO thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3723–3725 (2004).
[Crossref]

Critical Reviews of Optical Science and Technology (1)

J. A. Woollam, B. Johs, C. M. Herzinger, J. Hilfiker, R. Synowicki, and C. L. Bungay, “Overview of Variable Angle Spectroscopic Ellipsometry (VASE), Part I (II): Basic Theory and Typical Applications (Advanced Applications),” Critical Reviews of Optical Science and Technology CR 72, 3–28 (1999).

Ferroelectrics (2)

A. Deyneka, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabik, and G. Gerlach, “Phase Transition Shift in Lead-Excess PZT Films Under UV Illumination,” Ferroelectrics 67, 173–180 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Deineka, L. Jastrabik, G. Suchaneck, and G. Gerlach, “Optical Properties of Self-Polarized PZT Ferroelectric Films,” Ferroelectrics 273, 155–160 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fiz. Tver. Tela (1)

A. P. Levanyuk and S. A. Minyukov, in Russion “Ob evoluciji pripoverhnostnyh iskazhenii struktury kristallov vblizi tochek strukturnyh fazovyh perehodov,” Fiz. Tver. Tela 25, 2617–2622 (1983).

Fizika Tverdovo Telo (1)

R. V. Pisarev, B. N. Shermatov, and A. Nasyrev, in Russion “Otricaltelnyj istennyj termoopticheskij effekt v titanate stroncija SrTiO3,” Fizika Tverdovo Telo 28, 3338–3341 (1986).

Glastech. Ber. (1)

F. Reimyer, Glastech. Ber. 37, 122, (1961).

Integrated Ferroelectrics (1)

R. Bruchhaus, D. Pitzer, R. Primig, W. Wersing, and Y. Xu, “Deposition of self-polarized PZT films by planar multi-target sputtering,” Integrated Ferroelectrics 14, 141–149 (1997).
[Crossref]

J Non-Cryst Solids (1)

S. Takahashi and S. Shibata, “Thermal variation of attenuation for optical fibers,” J Non-Cryst Solids 30, 359–370 (1979).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (4)

L. Baudry, “Theoretical investigation of the influence of space charges on ferroelectric properties of PbZrTiO3 thin film capacitor,” J. Appl. Phys. 86, 1096–1105 (1999).
[Crossref]

W. Chang, C. M. Gilmore, W.-J. Kim, J. M. Pond, S. W. Kirchoefer, S. B. Qadri, D. B. Chirsey, and J. S. Horwitz, “Influence of strain on microwave dielectric properties of (Ba,Sr)TiO3 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 3044–3049 (2000).
[Crossref]

E. Schneider, P. J. Cressman, and R. L. Holman, “Temperature dependence of the refractive index of strontium titanate and prism coupling to lithium niobate optical waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 53, 4054–4056 (1982).
[Crossref]

M. Sparks, “Optical Distortion by Heated Windows in High-Power Laser Systems,” J. Appl. Phys. 42, 5029–5046 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. Electroch. Soc. (1)

I. Aulika, A. Dejneka, V. Zauls, and K. Kundzins, “Optical gradient of the trapezium-shaped NaNbO3 thin films studied by spectroscopic ellipsometry”, J. Electroch. Soc.,  155, G209–G213 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Sci. Lett. (1)

E. G. Lee, J.K. Lee, J.-Y. Kim, J. G. Lee, H. M. Jang, and S. J. Kim, “Zr/Ti ratio dependence of the deformation in the hysteresis loop of Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 thin films,” J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 18, 2025–2028 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Micromech. Microeng. (1)

P. Muralt, “Ferroelectric thin films for micro-sensors and actuators: a review,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 10, 136–146 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Sol. (1)

J. Tauc and A. Menth, “States In The Gap,” J. Non-Cryst. Sol. 8, 569–585 (1972).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

J. Stuke, “Review of optical and electrical properties of amorphous semiconductors,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 4, 1–26 (1970).
[Crossref]

R. C. Chittick, “Properties of glow-discharge deposited amorphous germanium and silicon,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 3, 255–270 (1970).
[Crossref]

J. Non. Cryst. Sol. (1)

T Izumitani and H. Toratani, “Temperature coefficient of electronic polarizability in optical glasses,” J. Non. Cryst. Sol. 40, 611–619 (1980).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc Am. (1)

W. F. Koehler, F. K. Odencrantz, and W. C. White, “Optical Constants of Evaporated Selenium Films by Successive Approximations,” J. Opt. Soc Am. 49109–114 (1959).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

H. R. Philipp, “Optical properties of non-crystalline Si, SiO, SiOx and SiO2,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 32, 1935–1945 (1971).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Toyoda and M. Yabe, “The temperature dependence of the refractive indices of SrTiO3 and TiO2,” J. Phys. D. Appl. Phys. 16, L251–L255 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. (1)

R. Hofmann, S. H. Wemple, and H. Granicher, “Dielectric Dispersion of NaOH-Doped Ice at Low Temperatures,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 28, 265–265 (1970).
[Crossref]

J. Phys., Conf. Ser. V (1)

I. Aulika, A. Deyneka, V Zauls, and K Kundzins, “Thermo-optical studies of NaNbO3 thin films,” J. Phys., Conf. Ser. V 93012016 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Deyneka, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabik, and G. Gerlach, “Phase Transitions in PbZr1-xTixO3 Ceramics Prepared by Different Techniques,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6966–6968 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mat. Sc. Forum Vols. (1)

A. Deynekala, Z. Hubickal, V. Trepakovl, G. Suchaneck, L. Jastrabikl, G. Gerlach, J. Pokornyl, D. Chvostoval, and J. Olejnicek, “Low Pressure RF Plasma Jet Sputtering Technique Applied to Ferroelectric Films: Ba1-x SrxTiO3”, Mat. Sc. Forum Vols. 514– 516, 165–169 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. (1)

R.W. Whatmore, Q. Zhang, Z. Huang, and R. A. Dorey, “Ferroelectric thin and thick films for microsystems,” Mater. Sci. Semicond. Process. 5, 65–76 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

Y. Saito, H. Takao, T. Tani, T. Nonoyama, K. Takatori, T. Homma, T. Nagaya, and M. Nakamura, “Lead-free piezoceramics, ” Nature 432, 84–87 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. (1)

A. Avogadro, G. Bonera, F. Borsa, and A. Rigamoti, “Static and dynamic properties of the structural phase transitions in NaNbO3,” Phys. Rev. 9, 3905–3920 (1974).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (5)

Y. F. Tsay, B. Bendow, and S. S. Mitra, “Theory of the Temperature Derivative of the Refractive Index in Transparent Crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 8, 2688–2696 (1973).
[Crossref]

S. H. Wemple, “Refractive-Index Behavior of Amorphous Semiconductors and Glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 7, 3767–3777 (1973).
[Crossref]

W. Kleemann, F. J. Schafer, and M. D. Fontain, “Crystal optical studies of spontaneous and precursor polarization in KNbO3,” Phys. Rev. B 301148–1154 (1984).
[Crossref]

D. L. Mills, “Surface Effects in Magnetic Crystals near the Ordering Temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 3, 3885–3895 (1971).
[Crossref]

K. Binder and P. C. Hohenberg, “Surface effects on magnetic phase transitions, ” Phys. Rev. B 9, 2194–2214 (1974).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

D. Weller, S. F. Alvarado, W. Gudat, K. SchrÖder, and M. Campagna, “Observation of Surface-Enhanced Magnetic Order and Magnetic Surface Reconstruction on Gd(0001),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1555–1558 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Salman, R. F. Kiefl, K. H. Chow, M. D. Hossain, T. A. Keeler, S. R. Kreitzman, C. D. P. Levy, R. I. Miller, T. J. Parolin, M. R. Pearson, H. Saadaoui, J. D. Schultz, M. Smadella, D. Wang, and W. A. MacFarlane, “Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition of SrTiO3 Studied with Zero-Field β-Detected Nuclear Spin Relaxation and Resonance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 147601–147604 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. D. Mishina, T. V. Misuryaev, N. E. Sherstyuk, V. V. Lemanov, A. I. Morozov, A. S. Sigov, and Th. Rasing, “Observation of a Near-Surface Structural Phase Transition in SrTiO3 by Optical Second Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3664–3667 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rew. B (1)

S.-Y. Zhu, Y.-L. Chen, and J.-X. Fang, “Thermal effects of the refractive index caused by the electron-phonon interaction,” Phys. Rew. B 35, 2980–2987 (1987).
[Crossref]

Phys. Stat. Sol (1)

J. Fousek and J. Petzelt, “Changes of Refractive Indices of Crystals Induced by Structural Phase Transitions,” Phys. Stat. Sol 55, 11–40 (1979).
[Crossref]

Physica (1)

V. P. Varshni, “Temperature dependence of the energy gap in semiconductors, Physica 34, 149 (1967).
[Crossref]

Physica B (1)

C. N. W. Darlington and K. S. Knight, “On the lattice parameters of sodium niobateat room temperature and above,” Physica B 266, 368–372 (1999).
[Crossref]

Rev. Adv. Mater. Sc. V (1)

I. Aulika, J. Petzelt, J. Pokorny, A. Deyneka, V. Zauls, and K. Kundzins, “Structural and Optical Studies of NaNbO3 Thin Films Grown by PLD on SrRuO3 Bottom Electrode,” Rev. Adv. Mater. Sc. V 15, 158–166 (2007).

Science (1)

P. K. Wang, J. P. Ansermet, S. L. Rudaz, Z. Wang, S. Shore, C. P. Slichter, and J. H. Sinfelt, “NMR Studies of Simple Molecules on Metal Surfaces,” Science 234, 35–41 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sol. St. Com. (1)

M. H. Lentea, J. de Los, S. Guerraa, J. A. Eirasa, and S. Lanfredi, “Investigation of microwave dielectric relaxation process in the antiferroelectric phase of NaNbO3 ceramics,” Sol. St. Com. 131, 279–282 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sol. St. Comm. (3)

G. B. Burns and F. H. Dacol, “Glassy polarization behavior in ferroelectric compounds Pb(Mg1/3Nb1/3)O3 and Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3,” Sol. St. Comm. 48, 853–856 (1983).
[Crossref]

G. Burns and B. A. Scott, “Index of refraction in ‘dirty’ displacive ferroelectrics,” Sol. St. Comm. 13423–426 (1973).
[Crossref]

G. Burns and F. H. Dacol, “Polarization in the cubic phase of BaTIO3,” Sol. St. Comm. 42, 9–12 (1982)
[Crossref]

Sol. State Commun. (1)

R. K. Galkiewicz and J. Tauc, “Photoelastic properties of amorphous As2S3,” Sol. State Commun. 10, 1261–1264 (1972).
[Crossref]

Thin Solid Films (1)

B. Panda, A. Dhar, G. D. Nigan, D. Bhattacharga, and S. K. Ray, “Optical properties of RF sputtered strontium substituted barium titanate thin films,” Thin Solid Films 332, 46–49 (1998)
[Crossref]

translated from Izvestiya Vysshih Uchebnyh Zavedenii, Fizika (1)

A. T. Anistratov, “Electrooptical and photelastic phenomena in ferroelectric crystals,” translated from Izvestiya Vysshih Uchebnyh Zavedenii, Fizika 4, 7–22 (1975).

Vacuum (1)

G. Suchaneck, W.-M. Lin, R. Koehler, T. Sandner, G. Gerlach, R. Krawietz, W. Pompe, A. Deineka, and L. Jastrabik, “Characterization of RF-sputtered self-polarized PZT thin films for IR sensor arrays,” Vacuum 66, 473–478 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. Pisma (1)

V. M. Fridkin, “Some effects due to electron-phonon interaction in phase transitions occurring in a semiconductor ferroelectrics,” Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. Pisma 3, 252–255 (1966).

Other (8)

V. Trepakov, A. Dejneka, P. Markovin, A. Lynnyk, and L. Jastrabik, Division of Optics, Institute of Physics, Academy of Science, 182 21 Prague 8, Czech Republic, ““Soft elecronic band” and negative thermooptic effect in stroncum titanate” accepted for publication in New Journal of Physics (2009).

V. M. Fridkin, (in Russian) Segnetoelektriki-Poluprovodniki (Nauka, Moskow, p.135, 1976).

H. G. Tompkins and Eugene A. Irene, “Handbook of ellipsometry” (William Andrew publishing, Springer, 2005)
[Crossref]

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th edition, (Cambridge University Press, New York, 1999).

T. S. Narasimhamurti, Photoelastic and electro-optic properties of crystals (Plenum Press, N-Y & London, 1981).

F. A. Molly, Opt. Soc. Am.39, 600, (1949).
[Crossref]

T. S. Narasimhamurti, Photoelastic and electro-optic properties of crystals (Plenum Press, N-Y & London, 1981).

J. Krepelka, (in Czech) Optics of thin films (Palacky University Olomouc, Faculty of Natural Sciences, 1993).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Temperature dependence of band gap energies E02 and E03 of (a) SP PZT and (b) SP and CSD PZT

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Temperature dependence T of (a) refractive index n and (b) ellipsometric angle Δ at the wavelength of 400 nm for Ba0.4Sr0.6TiO3thin film.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Temperature dependence of the effective refractive index at the 300 nm of NN thin film [29].

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Temperature dependence of the band gap energy of NN thin film. The temperature coefficient of the optical gap ∂Eg /∂T in [meV/K] is given for each phase from I - VI, evaluated by fitting experimental data by Varshni quadratic relation [53].

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Refractive index at 600 nm and (b) XRD surface omega-scan distribution of (100) surface of Verneuil Crystal GmbH grown SrTiO3 [30].

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) Refractive index at 600 nm and (b) XRD surface omega-scan distribution from (110) surface of Mateck TSSG grown SrTiO3 single crystal [30].

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Surface roughness as a function of the temperature for Mateck TSSG grown SrTiO3 single crystal [30].

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Effective refraction index neff as a function of anisotropic medium orientation φ, ϑ, n0 = 1, n0 = 2.385, ne = 2.380, φ0 = π/2, ϑ0 = 60° in (a) three and (b) two dimensions.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. The phase transitions temperatures of PZT thin films made by SP and CSD techniques.

Equations (20)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

δn(T)=(n03/2)(gijF+2gijF)<δP2(T)>,
Eg=Eg0+a2P2+b2P4+c2P6 ,
ΔEga2P2,
η=ηTOE+ηVE=dn/dT=(dn/dT)TOE+(dn/dT)PE,
η=ηTOE+ηVE=ηTOEEPP+ηTOETAE+ηTOEPH+ηPE.
A=(1/γγnxnyγnxnz0γnzγnxnynz),
ψ(z)=(ε0Exμ0Hyε0Eyμ0Hx)
dψ(z)dz=iωcDψ(z),
D11=cxεzxεzzcyμyzμzz,D12=cxε0εzz+μyyμ0μyzμyzμzzμ0,
D13=cxεzyεzz+cxμyzμzz,D14=cxcyε0εzzμyxμ0+μyzμzxμzzμ0,
D21=cy2μ0μzz+εxxε0εxzεzxεzzε0,D22=cxεxzεzzcyμzyμ0,
D23=cxcyμ0μzz+εxyε0εxzεzyεzzε0,D24=cyεxzεzz+cyμzxμzz,
D31=cyεzxεzz+cyμxzμzz,D32=cxcyε0εzzμxyμ0+czyμxzμzzμ0,
D33=cyεzyεzz+cxμxzμzz,D34=cy2ε0εzzμxxμ0+μxzμzxμzzμ0,
D41=cxcyμ0μzz+εyxε0εyzεzxεzzε0,D42=cxεyzεzz+cxμzyμzz,
D43=cx2μ0μzz+εyyε0εyzεzyεzzε0,D44=cyεyzεzz+cxμzxμzz,
r21=(S21S33S23S31)/d,r23=(S11S23S21S13)/d,
r41=(S41S33S43S31)/d,r43=(S11S43S41S13)/d,
tanψexp()=r21+r23r41+r43 .
f0=n0sinϑ0tanϑ0/(1+tan2ψcosΔ),    x1=f0(1tan2ψ),x2=2f0sinΔtanψ, η={12[x12x22+f02+((x12+x22)2+2f02(x12x22)+f04)1/2]}1/2,κ=x1x2/η.

Metrics