Abstract

A wavelength tunable laser with an SOA and external double micro-ring resonator, which is fabricated with silicon photonic-wire waveguides, is demonstrated. To date, it is the first wavelength tunable laser fabricated with silicon photonic technology. The device is ultra compact, and its external resonator footprint is 700 × 450 μm, which is about 1/25 that of conventional tunable lasers fabricated with SiON waveguides. The silicon resonator shows a wide tuning range covering the C or L bands for DWDM optical communication. We obtained a maximum tuning span of 38 nm at a tuning power consumption of 26 mW, which is about 1/8 that of SiON-type resonators.

© 2009 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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2009 (2)

T. Takeguchi, M. Takahashi, K. Suzuki, S. Watanabe, and H. Yamazaki, “Wavelength tunable laser with silica-waveguide ring resonators,” IEICE Trans. Electron , E92-C, 198–204 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Chu, H. Yamada, S. Nakamura, M. Ishizaka, M. Tokushima, Y. Urino, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Ultra-small silicon photonic wire waveguide devices,” IEICE Trans. Electron . E92-C, 217–223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

H. Rong, S. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, “A cascaded silicon Raman laser,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 170–174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 65–71 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

M. Ishizaka and H. Yamazaki, “Wavelength tunable laser using silica double ring resonators,” Electron. and Communications in Japan 89, 34–41 (2006).

R. A. Soref, “The past, present, and future of silicon photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1678–1687 (2006).

2005 (5)

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Park, A. Fang, S. Kodama, and J. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon evanescent laser fabricated with a silicon waveguide and III-V offset quantum wells,” Opt. Express 13(23), 9460–9464 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-23-9460 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Chu, H. Yamada, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Compact 1 x N thermo-optic switches based on silicon photonic wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 13(25), 10109–10114 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-25-10109 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Yamada, T. Chu, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Optical directional coupler based on Si-wire waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 585–587 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

Y. A. Vlasov and S. J. McNab, “Losses in single-mode silicon-on-insulator strip waveguides and bends,” Opt. Express 12(8), 1622–1631 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-8-1622 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. T. Reed, “Device physics: the optical age of silicon,” Nature 427(6975), 595–596 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Yashiki, K. Sato, T. Morimoto, S. Sudo, K. Naniwae, S. Ae, K. Shiba, N. Suzuki, T. Sasaki, and K. Kudo, “Wavelength-selectable light sources fabricated using advanced microarray-selective epitaxy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(7), 1619–1621 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

B. Liu, A. Shakouri, and J. E. Bowers, “Wide tunable double ring resonator coupler lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(5), 600–602 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

L. C. Kimerling, “Siliconmicro photonics,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 159–160(1-2), 8–13 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

B. Mason, G. A. Fish, S. P. DenBaars, and L. A. Coldren, “Widely tunable sampled grating DBR laser with integrated electroabsorption modular,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 638–640 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ae, S.

K. Yashiki, K. Sato, T. Morimoto, S. Sudo, K. Naniwae, S. Ae, K. Shiba, N. Suzuki, T. Sasaki, and K. Kudo, “Wavelength-selectable light sources fabricated using advanced microarray-selective epitaxy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(7), 1619–1621 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, Y.

T. Chu, H. Yamada, S. Nakamura, M. Ishizaka, M. Tokushima, Y. Urino, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Ultra-small silicon photonic wire waveguide devices,” IEICE Trans. Electron . E92-C, 217–223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Chu, H. Yamada, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Compact 1 x N thermo-optic switches based on silicon photonic wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 13(25), 10109–10114 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-25-10109 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Yamada, T. Chu, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Optical directional coupler based on Si-wire waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 585–587 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J.

Bowers, J. E.

B. Liu, A. Shakouri, and J. E. Bowers, “Wide tunable double ring resonator coupler lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(5), 600–602 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chu, T.

T. Chu, H. Yamada, S. Nakamura, M. Ishizaka, M. Tokushima, Y. Urino, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Ultra-small silicon photonic wire waveguide devices,” IEICE Trans. Electron . E92-C, 217–223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Chu, H. Yamada, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Compact 1 x N thermo-optic switches based on silicon photonic wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 13(25), 10109–10114 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-25-10109 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Yamada, T. Chu, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Optical directional coupler based on Si-wire waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 585–587 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, O.

H. Rong, S. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, “A cascaded silicon Raman laser,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 170–174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Coldren, L. A.

B. Mason, G. A. Fish, S. P. DenBaars, and L. A. Coldren, “Widely tunable sampled grating DBR laser with integrated electroabsorption modular,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 638–640 (1999).
[CrossRef]

DenBaars, S. P.

B. Mason, G. A. Fish, S. P. DenBaars, and L. A. Coldren, “Widely tunable sampled grating DBR laser with integrated electroabsorption modular,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 638–640 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fang, A.

Fish, G. A.

B. Mason, G. A. Fish, S. P. DenBaars, and L. A. Coldren, “Widely tunable sampled grating DBR laser with integrated electroabsorption modular,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 638–640 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, H.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ishida, S.

T. Chu, H. Yamada, S. Nakamura, M. Ishizaka, M. Tokushima, Y. Urino, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Ultra-small silicon photonic wire waveguide devices,” IEICE Trans. Electron . E92-C, 217–223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Chu, H. Yamada, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Compact 1 x N thermo-optic switches based on silicon photonic wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 13(25), 10109–10114 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-25-10109 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Yamada, T. Chu, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Optical directional coupler based on Si-wire waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 585–587 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ishizaka, M.

T. Chu, H. Yamada, S. Nakamura, M. Ishizaka, M. Tokushima, Y. Urino, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Ultra-small silicon photonic wire waveguide devices,” IEICE Trans. Electron . E92-C, 217–223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Ishizaka and H. Yamazaki, “Wavelength tunable laser using silica double ring resonators,” Electron. and Communications in Japan 89, 34–41 (2006).

Itabashi, S.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kimerling, L. C.

L. C. Kimerling, “Siliconmicro photonics,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 159–160(1-2), 8–13 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kodama, S.

Kudo, K.

K. Yashiki, K. Sato, T. Morimoto, S. Sudo, K. Naniwae, S. Ae, K. Shiba, N. Suzuki, T. Sasaki, and K. Kudo, “Wavelength-selectable light sources fabricated using advanced microarray-selective epitaxy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(7), 1619–1621 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M.

H. Rong, S. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, “A cascaded silicon Raman laser,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 170–174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, B.

B. Liu, A. Shakouri, and J. E. Bowers, “Wide tunable double ring resonator coupler lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(5), 600–602 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mason, B.

B. Mason, G. A. Fish, S. P. DenBaars, and L. A. Coldren, “Widely tunable sampled grating DBR laser with integrated electroabsorption modular,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 638–640 (1999).
[CrossRef]

McNab, S. J.

Morimoto, T.

K. Yashiki, K. Sato, T. Morimoto, S. Sudo, K. Naniwae, S. Ae, K. Shiba, N. Suzuki, T. Sasaki, and K. Kudo, “Wavelength-selectable light sources fabricated using advanced microarray-selective epitaxy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(7), 1619–1621 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Morita, H.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, S.

T. Chu, H. Yamada, S. Nakamura, M. Ishizaka, M. Tokushima, Y. Urino, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Ultra-small silicon photonic wire waveguide devices,” IEICE Trans. Electron . E92-C, 217–223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Naniwae, K.

K. Yashiki, K. Sato, T. Morimoto, S. Sudo, K. Naniwae, S. Ae, K. Shiba, N. Suzuki, T. Sasaki, and K. Kudo, “Wavelength-selectable light sources fabricated using advanced microarray-selective epitaxy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(7), 1619–1621 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Paniccia, M.

H. Rong, S. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, “A cascaded silicon Raman laser,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 170–174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.

Pradhan, S.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raday, O.

H. Rong, S. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, “A cascaded silicon Raman laser,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 170–174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Reed, G. T.

G. T. Reed, “Device physics: the optical age of silicon,” Nature 427(6975), 595–596 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rong, H.

H. Rong, S. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, “A cascaded silicon Raman laser,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 170–174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, T.

K. Yashiki, K. Sato, T. Morimoto, S. Sudo, K. Naniwae, S. Ae, K. Shiba, N. Suzuki, T. Sasaki, and K. Kudo, “Wavelength-selectable light sources fabricated using advanced microarray-selective epitaxy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(7), 1619–1621 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sato, K.

K. Yashiki, K. Sato, T. Morimoto, S. Sudo, K. Naniwae, S. Ae, K. Shiba, N. Suzuki, T. Sasaki, and K. Kudo, “Wavelength-selectable light sources fabricated using advanced microarray-selective epitaxy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(7), 1619–1621 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sekaric, L.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 65–71 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shakouri, A.

B. Liu, A. Shakouri, and J. E. Bowers, “Wide tunable double ring resonator coupler lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(5), 600–602 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shiba, K.

K. Yashiki, K. Sato, T. Morimoto, S. Sudo, K. Naniwae, S. Ae, K. Shiba, N. Suzuki, T. Sasaki, and K. Kudo, “Wavelength-selectable light sources fabricated using advanced microarray-selective epitaxy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(7), 1619–1621 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shoji, T.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sih, V.

H. Rong, S. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, “A cascaded silicon Raman laser,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 170–174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Soref, R. A.

R. A. Soref, “The past, present, and future of silicon photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1678–1687 (2006).

Sudo, S.

K. Yashiki, K. Sato, T. Morimoto, S. Sudo, K. Naniwae, S. Ae, K. Shiba, N. Suzuki, T. Sasaki, and K. Kudo, “Wavelength-selectable light sources fabricated using advanced microarray-selective epitaxy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(7), 1619–1621 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, K.

T. Takeguchi, M. Takahashi, K. Suzuki, S. Watanabe, and H. Yamazaki, “Wavelength tunable laser with silica-waveguide ring resonators,” IEICE Trans. Electron , E92-C, 198–204 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, N.

K. Yashiki, K. Sato, T. Morimoto, S. Sudo, K. Naniwae, S. Ae, K. Shiba, N. Suzuki, T. Sasaki, and K. Kudo, “Wavelength-selectable light sources fabricated using advanced microarray-selective epitaxy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(7), 1619–1621 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, J.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, M.

T. Takeguchi, M. Takahashi, K. Suzuki, S. Watanabe, and H. Yamazaki, “Wavelength tunable laser with silica-waveguide ring resonators,” IEICE Trans. Electron , E92-C, 198–204 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Takeguchi, T.

T. Takeguchi, M. Takahashi, K. Suzuki, S. Watanabe, and H. Yamazaki, “Wavelength tunable laser with silica-waveguide ring resonators,” IEICE Trans. Electron , E92-C, 198–204 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tamechika, E.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tokushima, M.

T. Chu, H. Yamada, S. Nakamura, M. Ishizaka, M. Tokushima, Y. Urino, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Ultra-small silicon photonic wire waveguide devices,” IEICE Trans. Electron . E92-C, 217–223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchizawa, T.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Urino, Y.

T. Chu, H. Yamada, S. Nakamura, M. Ishizaka, M. Tokushima, Y. Urino, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Ultra-small silicon photonic wire waveguide devices,” IEICE Trans. Electron . E92-C, 217–223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 65–71 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y. A.

Watanabe, S.

T. Takeguchi, M. Takahashi, K. Suzuki, S. Watanabe, and H. Yamazaki, “Wavelength tunable laser with silica-waveguide ring resonators,” IEICE Trans. Electron , E92-C, 198–204 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, T.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonics devices based on silicon microfabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xia, F.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 65–71 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Q.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, S.

H. Rong, S. Xu, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. Lee, V. Sih, and M. Paniccia, “A cascaded silicon Raman laser,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 170–174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, H.

T. Chu, H. Yamada, S. Nakamura, M. Ishizaka, M. Tokushima, Y. Urino, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Ultra-small silicon photonic wire waveguide devices,” IEICE Trans. Electron . E92-C, 217–223 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Chu, H. Yamada, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Compact 1 x N thermo-optic switches based on silicon photonic wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 13(25), 10109–10114 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-25-10109 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Yamada, T. Chu, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Optical directional coupler based on Si-wire waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(3), 585–587 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic structure of wavelength tunable laser with SOA and external resonator based on silicon photonic-wire waveguide double-ring resonators.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Optical microscopy photograph of laser external resonator with Si photonic-wire waveguides

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Operating principle of wavelength tunable laser with external double-ring resonators

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Superimposed spectra of wavelength tunable laser lasing at different wavelengths

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) wavelength tuning characteristics dependence on thermal tuning electrical power (b) laser output dependence on SOA current

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