Abstract

An important effect of dynamical localization of light waves in liquid crystal electro-hydrodynamic instabilities is reported by investigating coherent backscattering effects. Recurrent multiple scattering in dynamic and chaotic complex fluids lead to a cone of enhanced backscattered light. The cone width and the related mean free path dependence on the dynamic scattering regimes emphasize the diverse light localization scales related to the internal structures present in the sample. The systems investigated up to now were mainly nano-powdered solutions or biological tissues, without any external control on the disorder. Here, an anisotropic complex fluid is “driven” throughout chaotic regimes by an external electric field, giving rise to dynamics that evolve through several spatio-temporal patterns.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. W. Anderson, "Absence of Diffusion in Certain Random Lattices," Phys. Rev. 109, 1492 - 1505 (1958).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. C. Mackintosh and S. John, "Coherent backscattering of light in the presence of time-reversal-noninvariant and parity-nonconserving media," Phys. Rev. B 37, 1884 - 1897 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. S. Wiersma, M. P. van Albada, B. A. van Tiggelen, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental Evidence for Recurrent Multiple Scattering Events of Light in Disordered Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1739 - 1742 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. K. M. Vithana, L. Asfaw, and D. L. Johnson, "Coherent backscattering of light in a nematic liquid crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 3561 - 3564 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. V. Kuzmin, V. P. Romanov, and L. A. Zubkov, "Coherent backscattering from anisotropic scatterers," Phys. Rev. E 54, 6798 - 6801 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Scaramuzza, C. Versace, V. Carbone, "Alignment transition in a nematic liquid crystal due to field-induced breaking of anchoring," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 266, 85 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Kai, M. Andoh, and S. Yamaguchi, "Transient bimodality in turbulence-1-turbulence-2 transition in electrohydrodynamic convection in nematic liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. A 46, R7375 - R7378 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Nasuno, O. Sasaki, S. Kai, and W. Zimmermann, "Secondary instabilities in electroconvection in nematic liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. A 46, 4954 - 4962 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  9. V. Carbone, N. Scaramuzza, C. Versace, "Multifractal structures in electro-convective turbulence," Physica D 106, 314 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. Strangi, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, D. E. Lucchetta, V. Carbone, and R. Bartolino, "Photopolarimetric characterization of the transition between two turbulent states in a nematic liquid crystal film," Phys. Rev. E 59, 5523- 5527 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. E. Wolf, and G. Maret, "Weak Localization and Coherent Backscattering of Photons in Disordered Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696 - 2699 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. G. De Gennes, The Physics of Liquid Crystals (Oxford Science Pub., 1993).
  13. G. Strangi, S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza and R. Bartolino, "Random lasing and weak localization of light in dye-doped nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Express. 147737-7744 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. Vena, C. Versace, G. Strangi, V. Bruno, N. Scaramuzza, R. Bartolino, "Light Depolarization Effect by Electrohydrodynamic Turbulence in Nematic Liquid Crystals," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 4411 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. Vena, C. Versace, G. Strangi, S. D’Elia, R. Bartolino, "Light depolarization effects during the Fredericksz transition in nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Express.  1517063-17071 (2007).
  16. D. S. Wiersma, Light in strongly scattering and amplifying random media (PhD thesis, 1995).
  17. A. Joets and R. Ribotta, "Caustics and symmetries in optical imaging. The example of convective flow visualization," J. Phys. 4, 1013 - 1026 (1994).

2006 (1)

G. Strangi, S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza and R. Bartolino, "Random lasing and weak localization of light in dye-doped nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Express. 147737-7744 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

C. Vena, C. Versace, G. Strangi, V. Bruno, N. Scaramuzza, R. Bartolino, "Light Depolarization Effect by Electrohydrodynamic Turbulence in Nematic Liquid Crystals," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 4411 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

G. Strangi, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, D. E. Lucchetta, V. Carbone, and R. Bartolino, "Photopolarimetric characterization of the transition between two turbulent states in a nematic liquid crystal film," Phys. Rev. E 59, 5523- 5527 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

F. C. Mackintosh and S. John, "Coherent backscattering of light in the presence of time-reversal-noninvariant and parity-nonconserving media," Phys. Rev. B 37, 1884 - 1897 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

V. Carbone, N. Scaramuzza, C. Versace, "Multifractal structures in electro-convective turbulence," Physica D 106, 314 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

L. V. Kuzmin, V. P. Romanov, and L. A. Zubkov, "Coherent backscattering from anisotropic scatterers," Phys. Rev. E 54, 6798 - 6801 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

N. Scaramuzza, C. Versace, V. Carbone, "Alignment transition in a nematic liquid crystal due to field-induced breaking of anchoring," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 266, 85 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. van Albada, B. A. van Tiggelen, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental Evidence for Recurrent Multiple Scattering Events of Light in Disordered Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1739 - 1742 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

A. Joets and R. Ribotta, "Caustics and symmetries in optical imaging. The example of convective flow visualization," J. Phys. 4, 1013 - 1026 (1994).

1993 (1)

H. K. M. Vithana, L. Asfaw, and D. L. Johnson, "Coherent backscattering of light in a nematic liquid crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 3561 - 3564 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

S. Kai, M. Andoh, and S. Yamaguchi, "Transient bimodality in turbulence-1-turbulence-2 transition in electrohydrodynamic convection in nematic liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. A 46, R7375 - R7378 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. Nasuno, O. Sasaki, S. Kai, and W. Zimmermann, "Secondary instabilities in electroconvection in nematic liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. A 46, 4954 - 4962 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

P. E. Wolf, and G. Maret, "Weak Localization and Coherent Backscattering of Photons in Disordered Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696 - 2699 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1958 (1)

P. W. Anderson, "Absence of Diffusion in Certain Random Lattices," Phys. Rev. 109, 1492 - 1505 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, P. W.

P. W. Anderson, "Absence of Diffusion in Certain Random Lattices," Phys. Rev. 109, 1492 - 1505 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Andoh, M.

S. Kai, M. Andoh, and S. Yamaguchi, "Transient bimodality in turbulence-1-turbulence-2 transition in electrohydrodynamic convection in nematic liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. A 46, R7375 - R7378 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Asfaw, L.

H. K. M. Vithana, L. Asfaw, and D. L. Johnson, "Coherent backscattering of light in a nematic liquid crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 3561 - 3564 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Barna, V.

G. Strangi, S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza and R. Bartolino, "Random lasing and weak localization of light in dye-doped nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Express. 147737-7744 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bartolino, R.

G. Strangi, S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza and R. Bartolino, "Random lasing and weak localization of light in dye-doped nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Express. 147737-7744 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Vena, C. Versace, G. Strangi, V. Bruno, N. Scaramuzza, R. Bartolino, "Light Depolarization Effect by Electrohydrodynamic Turbulence in Nematic Liquid Crystals," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 4411 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Strangi, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, D. E. Lucchetta, V. Carbone, and R. Bartolino, "Photopolarimetric characterization of the transition between two turbulent states in a nematic liquid crystal film," Phys. Rev. E 59, 5523- 5527 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bruno, V.

C. Vena, C. Versace, G. Strangi, V. Bruno, N. Scaramuzza, R. Bartolino, "Light Depolarization Effect by Electrohydrodynamic Turbulence in Nematic Liquid Crystals," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 4411 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Carbone, V.

G. Strangi, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, D. E. Lucchetta, V. Carbone, and R. Bartolino, "Photopolarimetric characterization of the transition between two turbulent states in a nematic liquid crystal film," Phys. Rev. E 59, 5523- 5527 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Carbone, N. Scaramuzza, C. Versace, "Multifractal structures in electro-convective turbulence," Physica D 106, 314 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. Scaramuzza, C. Versace, V. Carbone, "Alignment transition in a nematic liquid crystal due to field-induced breaking of anchoring," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 266, 85 (1995).
[CrossRef]

De Luca, A.

G. Strangi, S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza and R. Bartolino, "Random lasing and weak localization of light in dye-doped nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Express. 147737-7744 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ferjani, S.

G. Strangi, S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza and R. Bartolino, "Random lasing and weak localization of light in dye-doped nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Express. 147737-7744 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Joets, A.

A. Joets and R. Ribotta, "Caustics and symmetries in optical imaging. The example of convective flow visualization," J. Phys. 4, 1013 - 1026 (1994).

John, S.

F. C. Mackintosh and S. John, "Coherent backscattering of light in the presence of time-reversal-noninvariant and parity-nonconserving media," Phys. Rev. B 37, 1884 - 1897 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. L.

H. K. M. Vithana, L. Asfaw, and D. L. Johnson, "Coherent backscattering of light in a nematic liquid crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 3561 - 3564 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kai, S.

S. Kai, M. Andoh, and S. Yamaguchi, "Transient bimodality in turbulence-1-turbulence-2 transition in electrohydrodynamic convection in nematic liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. A 46, R7375 - R7378 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. Nasuno, O. Sasaki, S. Kai, and W. Zimmermann, "Secondary instabilities in electroconvection in nematic liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. A 46, 4954 - 4962 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kuzmin, L. V.

L. V. Kuzmin, V. P. Romanov, and L. A. Zubkov, "Coherent backscattering from anisotropic scatterers," Phys. Rev. E 54, 6798 - 6801 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lagendijk, A.

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. van Albada, B. A. van Tiggelen, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental Evidence for Recurrent Multiple Scattering Events of Light in Disordered Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1739 - 1742 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lucchetta, D. E.

G. Strangi, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, D. E. Lucchetta, V. Carbone, and R. Bartolino, "Photopolarimetric characterization of the transition between two turbulent states in a nematic liquid crystal film," Phys. Rev. E 59, 5523- 5527 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mackintosh, F. C.

F. C. Mackintosh and S. John, "Coherent backscattering of light in the presence of time-reversal-noninvariant and parity-nonconserving media," Phys. Rev. B 37, 1884 - 1897 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Maret, G.

P. E. Wolf, and G. Maret, "Weak Localization and Coherent Backscattering of Photons in Disordered Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696 - 2699 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Nasuno, S.

S. Nasuno, O. Sasaki, S. Kai, and W. Zimmermann, "Secondary instabilities in electroconvection in nematic liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. A 46, 4954 - 4962 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ribotta, R.

A. Joets and R. Ribotta, "Caustics and symmetries in optical imaging. The example of convective flow visualization," J. Phys. 4, 1013 - 1026 (1994).

Romanov, V. P.

L. V. Kuzmin, V. P. Romanov, and L. A. Zubkov, "Coherent backscattering from anisotropic scatterers," Phys. Rev. E 54, 6798 - 6801 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, O.

S. Nasuno, O. Sasaki, S. Kai, and W. Zimmermann, "Secondary instabilities in electroconvection in nematic liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. A 46, 4954 - 4962 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Scaramuzza, N.

G. Strangi, S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza and R. Bartolino, "Random lasing and weak localization of light in dye-doped nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Express. 147737-7744 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Vena, C. Versace, G. Strangi, V. Bruno, N. Scaramuzza, R. Bartolino, "Light Depolarization Effect by Electrohydrodynamic Turbulence in Nematic Liquid Crystals," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 4411 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Strangi, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, D. E. Lucchetta, V. Carbone, and R. Bartolino, "Photopolarimetric characterization of the transition between two turbulent states in a nematic liquid crystal film," Phys. Rev. E 59, 5523- 5527 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Carbone, N. Scaramuzza, C. Versace, "Multifractal structures in electro-convective turbulence," Physica D 106, 314 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. Scaramuzza, C. Versace, V. Carbone, "Alignment transition in a nematic liquid crystal due to field-induced breaking of anchoring," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 266, 85 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Strangi, G.

G. Strangi, S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza and R. Bartolino, "Random lasing and weak localization of light in dye-doped nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Express. 147737-7744 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Vena, C. Versace, G. Strangi, V. Bruno, N. Scaramuzza, R. Bartolino, "Light Depolarization Effect by Electrohydrodynamic Turbulence in Nematic Liquid Crystals," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 4411 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Strangi, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, D. E. Lucchetta, V. Carbone, and R. Bartolino, "Photopolarimetric characterization of the transition between two turbulent states in a nematic liquid crystal film," Phys. Rev. E 59, 5523- 5527 (1999).
[CrossRef]

van Albada, M. P.

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. van Albada, B. A. van Tiggelen, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental Evidence for Recurrent Multiple Scattering Events of Light in Disordered Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1739 - 1742 (1995).
[CrossRef]

van Tiggelen, B. A.

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. van Albada, B. A. van Tiggelen, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental Evidence for Recurrent Multiple Scattering Events of Light in Disordered Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1739 - 1742 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Vena, C.

C. Vena, C. Versace, G. Strangi, V. Bruno, N. Scaramuzza, R. Bartolino, "Light Depolarization Effect by Electrohydrodynamic Turbulence in Nematic Liquid Crystals," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 4411 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Versace, C.

G. Strangi, S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza and R. Bartolino, "Random lasing and weak localization of light in dye-doped nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Express. 147737-7744 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Vena, C. Versace, G. Strangi, V. Bruno, N. Scaramuzza, R. Bartolino, "Light Depolarization Effect by Electrohydrodynamic Turbulence in Nematic Liquid Crystals," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 4411 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Strangi, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, D. E. Lucchetta, V. Carbone, and R. Bartolino, "Photopolarimetric characterization of the transition between two turbulent states in a nematic liquid crystal film," Phys. Rev. E 59, 5523- 5527 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Carbone, N. Scaramuzza, C. Versace, "Multifractal structures in electro-convective turbulence," Physica D 106, 314 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. Scaramuzza, C. Versace, V. Carbone, "Alignment transition in a nematic liquid crystal due to field-induced breaking of anchoring," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 266, 85 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Vithana, H. K. M.

H. K. M. Vithana, L. Asfaw, and D. L. Johnson, "Coherent backscattering of light in a nematic liquid crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 3561 - 3564 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, D. S.

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. van Albada, B. A. van Tiggelen, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental Evidence for Recurrent Multiple Scattering Events of Light in Disordered Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1739 - 1742 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, P. E.

P. E. Wolf, and G. Maret, "Weak Localization and Coherent Backscattering of Photons in Disordered Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696 - 2699 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, S.

S. Kai, M. Andoh, and S. Yamaguchi, "Transient bimodality in turbulence-1-turbulence-2 transition in electrohydrodynamic convection in nematic liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. A 46, R7375 - R7378 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zimmermann, W.

S. Nasuno, O. Sasaki, S. Kai, and W. Zimmermann, "Secondary instabilities in electroconvection in nematic liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. A 46, 4954 - 4962 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zubkov, L. A.

L. V. Kuzmin, V. P. Romanov, and L. A. Zubkov, "Coherent backscattering from anisotropic scatterers," Phys. Rev. E 54, 6798 - 6801 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. (1)

A. Joets and R. Ribotta, "Caustics and symmetries in optical imaging. The example of convective flow visualization," J. Phys. 4, 1013 - 1026 (1994).

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (2)

C. Vena, C. Versace, G. Strangi, V. Bruno, N. Scaramuzza, R. Bartolino, "Light Depolarization Effect by Electrohydrodynamic Turbulence in Nematic Liquid Crystals," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 4411 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Scaramuzza, C. Versace, V. Carbone, "Alignment transition in a nematic liquid crystal due to field-induced breaking of anchoring," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 266, 85 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express. (1)

G. Strangi, S. Ferjani, V. Barna, A. De Luca, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza and R. Bartolino, "Random lasing and weak localization of light in dye-doped nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Express. 147737-7744 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

P. W. Anderson, "Absence of Diffusion in Certain Random Lattices," Phys. Rev. 109, 1492 - 1505 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

S. Kai, M. Andoh, and S. Yamaguchi, "Transient bimodality in turbulence-1-turbulence-2 transition in electrohydrodynamic convection in nematic liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. A 46, R7375 - R7378 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. Nasuno, O. Sasaki, S. Kai, and W. Zimmermann, "Secondary instabilities in electroconvection in nematic liquid crystals," Phys. Rev. A 46, 4954 - 4962 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

F. C. Mackintosh and S. John, "Coherent backscattering of light in the presence of time-reversal-noninvariant and parity-nonconserving media," Phys. Rev. B 37, 1884 - 1897 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (2)

L. V. Kuzmin, V. P. Romanov, and L. A. Zubkov, "Coherent backscattering from anisotropic scatterers," Phys. Rev. E 54, 6798 - 6801 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. Strangi, C. Versace, N. Scaramuzza, D. E. Lucchetta, V. Carbone, and R. Bartolino, "Photopolarimetric characterization of the transition between two turbulent states in a nematic liquid crystal film," Phys. Rev. E 59, 5523- 5527 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

P. E. Wolf, and G. Maret, "Weak Localization and Coherent Backscattering of Photons in Disordered Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696 - 2699 (1985).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Wiersma, M. P. van Albada, B. A. van Tiggelen, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental Evidence for Recurrent Multiple Scattering Events of Light in Disordered Media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1739 - 1742 (1995).
[CrossRef]

H. K. M. Vithana, L. Asfaw, and D. L. Johnson, "Coherent backscattering of light in a nematic liquid crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 3561 - 3564 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Physica D (1)

V. Carbone, N. Scaramuzza, C. Versace, "Multifractal structures in electro-convective turbulence," Physica D 106, 314 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

P. G. De Gennes, The Physics of Liquid Crystals (Oxford Science Pub., 1993).

C. Vena, C. Versace, G. Strangi, S. D’Elia, R. Bartolino, "Light depolarization effects during the Fredericksz transition in nematic liquid crystals," Opt. Express.  1517063-17071 (2007).

D. S. Wiersma, Light in strongly scattering and amplifying random media (PhD thesis, 1995).

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