Abstract

Tellurite glass microstructure fibers with a 1 µm hexagonal core were fabricated successfully by accurately controlling the temperature field in the fiber-drawing process. The diameter ratio of holey region to core (DRHC) for the fiber can be adjusted freely in the range of 1–20 by pumping a positive pressure into the holes when drawing fiber, which provides much freedom in engineering the chromatic dispersion. With the increase of DRHC from 3.5 to 20, the zero dispersion wavelengths were shifted several hundred nanometers, the cutoff wavelength due to confinement loss was increased from 1600 nm to 3800 nm, and the nonlinear coefficient γ was increased from 3.9 to 5.7 W-1/m. Efficient visible emissions due to third harmonic generation were found for fibers with a DRHC of 10 and 20 under the 1557 nm pump of a femtosecond fiber laser. One octave flattened supercontinuum spectrum was generated from fibers with a DRHC of 3.5, 10 and 20 by the 1064 nm pump of a picosecond fiber laser. To the best of our knowledge, we have for the first time fabricated a hexagonal core fiber by soft glass with such a small core size, and have demonstrated a large influence of the holey region on the dispersion, nonlinear coefficient and supercontinuum generation for such fiber.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and K. I. Sato, "More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing," Electron. Lett. 36, 2089-2090 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. anka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. Hundertmark, D. Kracht, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, V. V. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation with 200 pJ laser pulses in an extruded SF6 fiber at 1560 nm," Opt. Express 11, 3196-3201 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, P. Petropoulos, S. Asimakis, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, F. Koizumi, D. J. Richardson, and T. M. Monro, "Bismuth glass holey fibers with high nonlinearity," Opt. Express 12, 5082-5087 (2004).
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  8. X. Feng, W. H. Loh, J. C. Flanagan, A. Camerlingo, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, P. Horak, K. E. Frampton, N. M. White, J. H.V. Price, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, "Single-mode tellurite glass holey fiber with extremely large mode area for infrared nonlinear applications," Opt. Express 16, 13651-13656(2008).
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    [CrossRef]
  14. A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, D. V. Skryabin, A. V. Yulin, and J. C. Knight, "Third-harmonic generation by Raman-shifted solitons in a photonic-crystal fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1975-1980 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, M. D. Moores, J. Arriaga, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Simultaneous generation of spectrally distinct third harmonics in a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 1158-1160 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Efimov, A. Taylor, F. Omenetto, J. Knight, W. Wadsworth, and P. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. V. V. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, "Tellurite photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 11, 2641-2645 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation by stimulated Raman scattering and parametric four-wave mixing in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 753-764 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. J. Potasek and G. P. Agrawal, "Self-amplitude-modulation of optical pulses in nonlinear dispersive fibers," Phys. Rev. A 36, 3862-3867 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. P. M. Moselund, M. H. Frosz, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, "Back-seeding of higher order gain processes in picosecond supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 16, 11954-11968 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (3)

2006 (4)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (3)

2002 (1)

2001 (2)

F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, M. D. Moores, J. Arriaga, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Simultaneous generation of spectrally distinct third harmonics in a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 1158-1160 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, "Compact broadband continuum source based on microchip laser pumped microstructured fibre," Electron. Lett. 37, 558-560 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and K. I. Sato, "More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing," Electron. Lett. 36, 2089-2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. anka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

M. J. Potasek and G. P. Agrawal, "Self-amplitude-modulation of optical pulses in nonlinear dispersive fibers," Phys. Rev. A 36, 3862-3867 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Abe, M.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and K. I. Sato, "More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing," Electron. Lett. 36, 2089-2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

M. J. Potasek and G. P. Agrawal, "Self-amplitude-modulation of optical pulses in nonlinear dispersive fibers," Phys. Rev. A 36, 3862-3867 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alfimov, M. V.

Arriaga, J.

Asimakis, S.

Bang, O.

Camerlingo, A.

Chau, A. H. L.

Coen, S.

Cordeiro, C. M. B.

Cronin-Golomb, M.

Dasgupta, S.

De Silvestri, S.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. anka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. anka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Domachuk, P.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, "Compact broadband continuum source based on microchip laser pumped microstructured fibre," Electron. Lett. 37, 558-560 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

Efimov, A.

Eggleton, B. J.

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, "Compact broadband continuum source based on microchip laser pumped microstructured fibre," Electron. Lett. 37, 558-560 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fallnich, C.

Feng, X.

Finazzi, V.

Flanagan, J. C.

Frampton, K.

Frampton, K. E.

Frosz, M. H.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

George, A. K.

Grossard, N.

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, "Compact broadband continuum source based on microchip laser pumped microstructured fibre," Electron. Lett. 37, 558-560 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, J. D.

Hewak, D. W.

Horak, P.

Hundertmark, H.

Inoue, Y.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and K. I. Sato, "More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing," Electron. Lett. 36, 2089-2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, A. A.

Joly, N. Y.

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. anka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jones, R. S. D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. anka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knight, J.

Knight, J. C.

P. Domachuk, N. A. Wolchover, M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Wang, A. K. George, C. M. B. Cordeiro, J. C. Knight, and F. G. Omenetto, "Over 4000 nm bandwidth of mid-IR supercontinuum generation in sub-centimeter segments of highly nonlinear tellurite PCFs," Opt. Express 16, 7161-7168 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. G. Omenetto, N. A. Wolchover, M. R. Wehner, M. Ross, A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, V. V. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, "Spectrally smooth supercontinuum from 350 nm to 3 μm in sub-centimeter lengths of soft-glass photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 14, 4928-4934 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, D. V. Skryabin, A. V. Yulin, and J. C. Knight, "Third-harmonic generation by Raman-shifted solitons in a photonic-crystal fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 1975-1980 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Hundertmark, D. Kracht, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, V. V. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation with 200 pJ laser pulses in an extruded SF6 fiber at 1560 nm," Opt. Express 11, 3196-3201 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, "Tellurite photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 11, 2641-2645 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation by stimulated Raman scattering and parametric four-wave mixing in photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 753-764 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, M. D. Moores, J. Arriaga, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Simultaneous generation of spectrally distinct third harmonics in a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 1158-1160 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Koizumi, F.

Kracht, D.

Kumar, V. V. R. K.

Leong, J. Y. Y.

Leonhardt, R.

Loh, W. H.

Maillotte, H.

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, "Compact broadband continuum source based on microchip laser pumped microstructured fibre," Electron. Lett. 37, 558-560 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mairaj, A. K.

Monro, T. M.

Moore, R. C.

Moores, M. D.

Mori, K.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and K. I. Sato, "More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing," Electron. Lett. 36, 2089-2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Morioka, T.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and K. I. Sato, "More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing," Electron. Lett. 36, 2089-2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moselund, P. M.

Nisoli, M.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ohara, T.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and K. I. Sato, "More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing," Electron. Lett. 36, 2089-2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Omenetto, F.

Omenetto, F. G.

Petropoulos, P.

Potasek, M. J.

M. J. Potasek and G. P. Agrawal, "Self-amplitude-modulation of optical pulses in nonlinear dispersive fibers," Phys. Rev. A 36, 3862-3867 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Price, J. H. V.

Price, J. H.V.

Provino, L.

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, "Compact broadband continuum source based on microchip laser pumped microstructured fibre," Electron. Lett. 37, 558-560 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. anka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Richardson, D. J.

Ross, M.

Russell, P.

Russell, P. S. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

Rutt, H. N.

Sato, K.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and K. I. Sato, "More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing," Electron. Lett. 36, 2089-2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sato, K. I.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and K. I. Sato, "More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing," Electron. Lett. 36, 2089-2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, T.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and K. I. Sato, "More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing," Electron. Lett. 36, 2089-2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Skryabin, D. V.

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. anka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Svelto, O.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Takara, H.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and K. I. Sato, "More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing," Electron. Lett. 36, 2089-2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A.

Taylor, A. J.

Thomsen, C. L.

Wadsworth, W.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wandt, D.

Wang, A.

Warren-Smith, S. C.

Wehner, M. R.

White, N. M.

Windeler, R. S.

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, "Compact broadband continuum source based on microchip laser pumped microstructured fibre," Electron. Lett. 37, 558-560 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wolchover, N. A.

Yamada, E.

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and K. I. Sato, "More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing," Electron. Lett. 36, 2089-2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yulin, A. V.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and K. I. Sato, "More than 1000 channel optical frequency chain generation from single supercontinuum source with 12.5 GHz channel spacing," Electron. Lett. 36, 2089-2090 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, "Compact broadband continuum source based on microchip laser pumped microstructured fibre," Electron. Lett. 37, 558-560 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (9)

P. Domachuk, N. A. Wolchover, M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Wang, A. K. George, C. M. B. Cordeiro, J. C. Knight, and F. G. Omenetto, "Over 4000 nm bandwidth of mid-IR supercontinuum generation in sub-centimeter segments of highly nonlinear tellurite PCFs," Opt. Express 16, 7161-7168 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. M. Moselund, M. H. Frosz, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, "Back-seeding of higher order gain processes in picosecond supercontinuum generation," Opt. Express 16, 11954-11968 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Feng, W. H. Loh, J. C. Flanagan, A. Camerlingo, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, P. Horak, K. E. Frampton, N. M. White, J. H.V. Price, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, "Single-mode tellurite glass holey fiber with extremely large mode area for infrared nonlinear applications," Opt. Express 16, 13651-13656(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, S. C. Warren-Smith, and T. M. Monro, "Suspended nanowires: fabrication, design and characterization of fibers with nanoscale cores," Opt. Express 17, 2646-2657 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. Taylor, F. Omenetto, J. Knight, W. Wadsworth, and P. Russell, "Phase-matched third harmonic generation in microstructured fibers," Opt. Express 11, 2567-2576 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, "Tellurite photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 11, 2641-2645 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Hundertmark, D. Kracht, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, V. V. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation with 200 pJ laser pulses in an extruded SF6 fiber at 1560 nm," Opt. Express 11, 3196-3201 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, P. Petropoulos, S. Asimakis, V. Finazzi, R. C. Moore, K. Frampton, F. Koizumi, D. J. Richardson, and T. M. Monro, "Bismuth glass holey fibers with high nonlinearity," Opt. Express 12, 5082-5087 (2004).
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F. G. Omenetto, N. A. Wolchover, M. R. Wehner, M. Ross, A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, V. V. R. K. Kumar, A. K. George, J. C. Knight, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, "Spectrally smooth supercontinuum from 350 nm to 3 μm in sub-centimeter lengths of soft-glass photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 14, 4928-4934 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. J. Potasek and G. P. Agrawal, "Self-amplitude-modulation of optical pulses in nonlinear dispersive fibers," Phys. Rev. A 36, 3862-3867 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. anka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

L. B. Fu, B. K. Thomas, and L. Dong, "Small core ultra high numerical aperture fibers with very high nonlinearity," CLEO (San Jose, 2008), paper CThV4.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scanning electron microscope images of the fibers.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Chromatic dispersions of the fundamental mode of the fibers.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spectra of confinement loss of the fibers.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Power-dependent supercontinuum spectra under the pump of 1557 nm femtosecond fiber laser. The curve is displaced by 20 dB.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Power-dependent supercontinuum spectra under the pump of 1064 nm picosecond fiber laser. The curve is displaced by 10 dB.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Zero dispersion wavelength ZDW1 and ZDW2, the group velocity dispersion β2 at 1064 nm and nonlinear coefficient γ for the fiber SHF, MHF and LHF.

Equations (2)

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γ=2πλn2(x,y)F(x,y)4dxdy(F(x,y)2dxdy)2,
Ωmax=±(2γP0β2)

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