Abstract

We propose a new scheme to realize a multistage optical Stark deceleration for a supersonic molecular beam using a time-varying red-detuned quasi-cw optical lattice with a length of up to 10mm. We analyze the motion of the slowed molecules inside the optical decelerator, and study the dependences of the velocity of the slowed molecular packet on the synchronous phase angle and the number of the deceleration stages (i.e., the number of the optical-lattice cells) by using Monte-Carlo method. Our study shows that the proposed optical Stark decelerator cannot only efficiently slow a pulsed supersonic beam from 230m/s to zero (standstill), but also obtain an ultracold molecular packet with a temperature of sub-mK due to bunching effect in the multistage optical Stark decelerator, which can be trapped in the optical lattice by rapidly turning off the modulation signal of the lattice. Also, we compare the decelerated results of our multistage optical Stark decelerator with a single-stage optical one, and find that our scheme cannot only obtain a colder molecular packet under the same molecular-beam parameters and deceleration conditions, but also be directly used to trap the slowed cold molecules after the deceleration, while don’t need to use another molecular trap.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]

2008 (4)

S. Willitsch, M. T. Bell, A. D. Gingell, S. R. Procterr, and T. P. Softley, “Cold Reactive Collisions between Laser-Cooled Ions and Velocity-Selected Neutral Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 043203-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. Narevicius, A. Libson, C. G. Parthey, I. Chavez, J. Narevicius, U. Evem, and M. G. Raizen, “Stopping Supersonic Beams with a Series of Pulsed Electromagnetic Coils: An Atomic Coilgun,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 093003-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. Narevicius, A. Libson, C. G. Parthey, I. Chavez, J. Narevicius, U. Even, and M. G. Raizen, “Stopping supersonic oxygen with a series of pulsed electromagnetic coils: A molecular coilgun,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 051401(R) (2008).
[Crossref]

K. Wohlfart, F. Grtäz, F. Filsinger, H. Haak, G. Meijer, and J. Küpper, “Alternating-gradient focusing and deceleration of large molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 031404-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (4)

N. Vanhaecke, U. Meier, M. Andrist, B. H. Meier, and F. Merkt, “Multistage Zeeman deceleration of hydrogen atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 031402-1-4 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Vanhaecke, U. Meier, M. Andrist, B. H. Meier, and F. Merkt, “Zeeman deceleration of H and D,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 031402-1-4 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546–551 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Hoekstra, J. J. Gilijamse, B. Sartakov, N. Vanhaecke, L. Scharfenberg, S. Y. T. Van de Meerakker, and G. Meijer, “Optical Pumping of Trapped Neutral Molecules by Blackbody Radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 133001-1-4 (2007)
[Crossref]

2006 (8)

S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, I. Labazan, S. Hoekstra, J. Kupper, and G. Meijer, “Production and deceleration of a pulsed beam of metastable NH (a1Δ) radicals,” J. Phys. B 39, S1077–1084 (2006)
[Crossref]

E. R. Hudson, C. Ticknor, B. C. Sawyer, C. A. Taatjes, H. J. Lewandowski, J. R. Bochinski, J. L. Bohn, and J. Ye, “Production of cold formaldehyde molecules for study and control of chemical reaction dynamics with hydroxyl radicals,” Phys. Rev. A,  73, 063404-1-6 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Jung, E. Tiemann, and Ch. Lisdat, “Cold atoms and molecules from fragmentation of decelerated SO2,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 040701-1-4 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. André, D. DeMille, J. M. Doyle, M. D. Lukin, S. E. Maxwell, P. Rabl, R. J. Schoelkopf, and P. Zoller, “A coherent all-electrical interface between polar molecules and mesoscopic superconducting resonators,” Nat. Physics. 2, 636–642 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Vdz, N. Syassen, D. M. Bauer, E. Hansis, S. Dürr, and G. Rempe, “Preparation of a quantum state with one molecule at each site of an optical lattice,” Nat. Physics. 2, 692 (2006)
[Crossref]

J. Yin, “Realization and research of optically-trapped quantum degenerate gases,” Phys. Rep. 430, 1–116 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Ramirez-Serrano, K. E. Strecker, and D. W. Chandler, “Modification of the velocity distribution of H2 molecules in a supersonic beam by intense pulsed optical gradients,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8, 2985–2989 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Fulton, A. I. Bishop, M. N. Shneider, and P. F. Barker, “Controlling the motion of cold molecules with deep periodic optical potentials,” Nat. Physic 2, 465–468 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

R. Fulton, A. I. Bishop, and P. F. Barker, “Optical Stark Decelerator for Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243004-1-4 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. R. Tarbutt, H. L. Bethlem, J. J. Hudson, V. L. Ryabov, V. A. Ryzhov, B. E Sauer, G. Meijer, and E. A. Hinds, “Slowing Heavy, Ground-State Molecules using an Alternating Gradient Decelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

J. R. Bochinski, E. R. Hudson, H. J. Lewandowski, G. Meijer, and J. Ye, “Phase Space Manipulation of Cold Free Radical OH Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 243001-1-4 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (6)

H. L. Bethlem, A. J. A. van Roij, R. T. Jongma, and G. Meijer, “Alternate Gradient Focusing and Deceleration of a Molecular Beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133003-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

D. DeMille, “Quantum computation with trapped polar molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 067901-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. J. Hudson, B. E. Sauer, M. R. Tarbutt, and E. A. Hinds, “Measurement of the Electron Electric Dipole Moment Using YbF Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 023003–023006 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Burnett, P. S. Julienne, P. D. Lett, E. Tiesinga, and C. J. Williams, “Quantum encounters of the cold kind,” Nature.  416, 225–232 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Bodo, F. A. Gianturco, and A. Dalgarno, “F+D2 reaction at ultracold temperatures,” J. Chem. Phys. 116, 9222–9227 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. L. Bethlem, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, and G. Meijer, “Deceleration and trapping of ammonia using time-varying electric fields,” Phys. Rev. A 65,053416-1-20 (2002)
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

N. Balakrishnan and A. Dalgarno, “Chemistry at ultracold temperatures,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 341, 652–656 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

H. L Bethlem, G. Berden, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, A. J. A. Van Roij, and G. Meijer, “Electrostatic trapping of ammonia molecules,” Nature. 406, 491–494 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. DeMille, F. Bay, S. Bickman, D. Kawall, D. Krause, S. E. Maxwell, and L. R. Hunter, “Investigation of PbO as a system for measuring the electric dipole moment of the electron,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 052507-1-8 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

H. L. Bethlem, G. Berden, and G. Meijer, “Decelerating Neutral Dipolar Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1558–1561 (1999).
[Crossref]

Alegria, C.

André, A.

A. André, D. DeMille, J. M. Doyle, M. D. Lukin, S. E. Maxwell, P. Rabl, R. J. Schoelkopf, and P. Zoller, “A coherent all-electrical interface between polar molecules and mesoscopic superconducting resonators,” Nat. Physics. 2, 636–642 (2006).
[Crossref]

Andrist, M.

N. Vanhaecke, U. Meier, M. Andrist, B. H. Meier, and F. Merkt, “Multistage Zeeman deceleration of hydrogen atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 031402-1-4 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Vanhaecke, U. Meier, M. Andrist, B. H. Meier, and F. Merkt, “Zeeman deceleration of H and D,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 031402-1-4 (2007).
[Crossref]

Balakrishnan, N.

N. Balakrishnan and A. Dalgarno, “Chemistry at ultracold temperatures,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 341, 652–656 (2001).
[Crossref]

Barker, P. F.

R. Fulton, A. I. Bishop, M. N. Shneider, and P. F. Barker, “Controlling the motion of cold molecules with deep periodic optical potentials,” Nat. Physic 2, 465–468 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Fulton, A. I. Bishop, and P. F. Barker, “Optical Stark Decelerator for Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243004-1-4 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bauer, D. M.

T. Vdz, N. Syassen, D. M. Bauer, E. Hansis, S. Dürr, and G. Rempe, “Preparation of a quantum state with one molecule at each site of an optical lattice,” Nat. Physics. 2, 692 (2006)
[Crossref]

Bay, F.

D. DeMille, F. Bay, S. Bickman, D. Kawall, D. Krause, S. E. Maxwell, and L. R. Hunter, “Investigation of PbO as a system for measuring the electric dipole moment of the electron,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 052507-1-8 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bell, M. T.

S. Willitsch, M. T. Bell, A. D. Gingell, S. R. Procterr, and T. P. Softley, “Cold Reactive Collisions between Laser-Cooled Ions and Velocity-Selected Neutral Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 043203-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

Berden, G.

H. L Bethlem, G. Berden, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, A. J. A. Van Roij, and G. Meijer, “Electrostatic trapping of ammonia molecules,” Nature. 406, 491–494 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. L. Bethlem, G. Berden, and G. Meijer, “Decelerating Neutral Dipolar Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1558–1561 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bethlem, H. L

H. L Bethlem, G. Berden, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, A. J. A. Van Roij, and G. Meijer, “Electrostatic trapping of ammonia molecules,” Nature. 406, 491–494 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bethlem, H. L.

M. R. Tarbutt, H. L. Bethlem, J. J. Hudson, V. L. Ryabov, V. A. Ryzhov, B. E Sauer, G. Meijer, and E. A. Hinds, “Slowing Heavy, Ground-State Molecules using an Alternating Gradient Decelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. L. Bethlem, A. J. A. van Roij, R. T. Jongma, and G. Meijer, “Alternate Gradient Focusing and Deceleration of a Molecular Beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133003-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. L. Bethlem, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, and G. Meijer, “Deceleration and trapping of ammonia using time-varying electric fields,” Phys. Rev. A 65,053416-1-20 (2002)
[Crossref]

H. L. Bethlem, G. Berden, and G. Meijer, “Decelerating Neutral Dipolar Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1558–1561 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bickman, S.

D. DeMille, F. Bay, S. Bickman, D. Kawall, D. Krause, S. E. Maxwell, and L. R. Hunter, “Investigation of PbO as a system for measuring the electric dipole moment of the electron,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 052507-1-8 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bishop, A. I.

R. Fulton, A. I. Bishop, M. N. Shneider, and P. F. Barker, “Controlling the motion of cold molecules with deep periodic optical potentials,” Nat. Physic 2, 465–468 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Fulton, A. I. Bishop, and P. F. Barker, “Optical Stark Decelerator for Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243004-1-4 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bochinski, J. R.

E. R. Hudson, C. Ticknor, B. C. Sawyer, C. A. Taatjes, H. J. Lewandowski, J. R. Bochinski, J. L. Bohn, and J. Ye, “Production of cold formaldehyde molecules for study and control of chemical reaction dynamics with hydroxyl radicals,” Phys. Rev. A,  73, 063404-1-6 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. R. Bochinski, E. R. Hudson, H. J. Lewandowski, G. Meijer, and J. Ye, “Phase Space Manipulation of Cold Free Radical OH Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 243001-1-4 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bodo, E.

E. Bodo, F. A. Gianturco, and A. Dalgarno, “F+D2 reaction at ultracold temperatures,” J. Chem. Phys. 116, 9222–9227 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bohn, J. L.

E. R. Hudson, C. Ticknor, B. C. Sawyer, C. A. Taatjes, H. J. Lewandowski, J. R. Bochinski, J. L. Bohn, and J. Ye, “Production of cold formaldehyde molecules for study and control of chemical reaction dynamics with hydroxyl radicals,” Phys. Rev. A,  73, 063404-1-6 (2006).
[Crossref]

Burnett, K.

K. Burnett, P. S. Julienne, P. D. Lett, E. Tiesinga, and C. J. Williams, “Quantum encounters of the cold kind,” Nature.  416, 225–232 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chandler, D. W.

J. Ramirez-Serrano, K. E. Strecker, and D. W. Chandler, “Modification of the velocity distribution of H2 molecules in a supersonic beam by intense pulsed optical gradients,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8, 2985–2989 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chavez, I.

E. Narevicius, A. Libson, C. G. Parthey, I. Chavez, J. Narevicius, U. Even, and M. G. Raizen, “Stopping supersonic oxygen with a series of pulsed electromagnetic coils: A molecular coilgun,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 051401(R) (2008).
[Crossref]

E. Narevicius, A. Libson, C. G. Parthey, I. Chavez, J. Narevicius, U. Evem, and M. G. Raizen, “Stopping Supersonic Beams with a Series of Pulsed Electromagnetic Coils: An Atomic Coilgun,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 093003-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

Codemard, C. A.

Crompvoets, F. M. H.

H. L. Bethlem, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, and G. Meijer, “Deceleration and trapping of ammonia using time-varying electric fields,” Phys. Rev. A 65,053416-1-20 (2002)
[Crossref]

H. L Bethlem, G. Berden, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, A. J. A. Van Roij, and G. Meijer, “Electrostatic trapping of ammonia molecules,” Nature. 406, 491–494 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dalgarno, A.

E. Bodo, F. A. Gianturco, and A. Dalgarno, “F+D2 reaction at ultracold temperatures,” J. Chem. Phys. 116, 9222–9227 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Balakrishnan and A. Dalgarno, “Chemistry at ultracold temperatures,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 341, 652–656 (2001).
[Crossref]

DeMille, D.

A. André, D. DeMille, J. M. Doyle, M. D. Lukin, S. E. Maxwell, P. Rabl, R. J. Schoelkopf, and P. Zoller, “A coherent all-electrical interface between polar molecules and mesoscopic superconducting resonators,” Nat. Physics. 2, 636–642 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. DeMille, “Quantum computation with trapped polar molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 067901-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

D. DeMille, F. Bay, S. Bickman, D. Kawall, D. Krause, S. E. Maxwell, and L. R. Hunter, “Investigation of PbO as a system for measuring the electric dipole moment of the electron,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 052507-1-8 (2000).
[Crossref]

Doyle, J. M.

A. André, D. DeMille, J. M. Doyle, M. D. Lukin, S. E. Maxwell, P. Rabl, R. J. Schoelkopf, and P. Zoller, “A coherent all-electrical interface between polar molecules and mesoscopic superconducting resonators,” Nat. Physics. 2, 636–642 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dupriez, P.

Dürr, S.

T. Vdz, N. Syassen, D. M. Bauer, E. Hansis, S. Dürr, and G. Rempe, “Preparation of a quantum state with one molecule at each site of an optical lattice,” Nat. Physics. 2, 692 (2006)
[Crossref]

Evem, U.

E. Narevicius, A. Libson, C. G. Parthey, I. Chavez, J. Narevicius, U. Evem, and M. G. Raizen, “Stopping Supersonic Beams with a Series of Pulsed Electromagnetic Coils: An Atomic Coilgun,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 093003-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

Even, U.

E. Narevicius, A. Libson, C. G. Parthey, I. Chavez, J. Narevicius, U. Even, and M. G. Raizen, “Stopping supersonic oxygen with a series of pulsed electromagnetic coils: A molecular coilgun,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 051401(R) (2008).
[Crossref]

Filsinger, F.

K. Wohlfart, F. Grtäz, F. Filsinger, H. Haak, G. Meijer, and J. Küpper, “Alternating-gradient focusing and deceleration of large molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 031404-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fulton, R.

R. Fulton, A. I. Bishop, M. N. Shneider, and P. F. Barker, “Controlling the motion of cold molecules with deep periodic optical potentials,” Nat. Physic 2, 465–468 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Fulton, A. I. Bishop, and P. F. Barker, “Optical Stark Decelerator for Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243004-1-4 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gianturco, F. A.

E. Bodo, F. A. Gianturco, and A. Dalgarno, “F+D2 reaction at ultracold temperatures,” J. Chem. Phys. 116, 9222–9227 (2002).
[Crossref]

Gilijamse, J. J.

S. Hoekstra, J. J. Gilijamse, B. Sartakov, N. Vanhaecke, L. Scharfenberg, S. Y. T. Van de Meerakker, and G. Meijer, “Optical Pumping of Trapped Neutral Molecules by Blackbody Radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 133001-1-4 (2007)
[Crossref]

Gingell, A. D.

S. Willitsch, M. T. Bell, A. D. Gingell, S. R. Procterr, and T. P. Softley, “Cold Reactive Collisions between Laser-Cooled Ions and Velocity-Selected Neutral Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 043203-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

Grtäz, F.

K. Wohlfart, F. Grtäz, F. Filsinger, H. Haak, G. Meijer, and J. Küpper, “Alternating-gradient focusing and deceleration of large molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 031404-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

Haak, H.

K. Wohlfart, F. Grtäz, F. Filsinger, H. Haak, G. Meijer, and J. Küpper, “Alternating-gradient focusing and deceleration of large molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 031404-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hansis, E.

T. Vdz, N. Syassen, D. M. Bauer, E. Hansis, S. Dürr, and G. Rempe, “Preparation of a quantum state with one molecule at each site of an optical lattice,” Nat. Physics. 2, 692 (2006)
[Crossref]

Hickey, L. M. B.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546–551 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hinds, E. A.

M. R. Tarbutt, H. L. Bethlem, J. J. Hudson, V. L. Ryabov, V. A. Ryzhov, B. E Sauer, G. Meijer, and E. A. Hinds, “Slowing Heavy, Ground-State Molecules using an Alternating Gradient Decelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Hudson, B. E. Sauer, M. R. Tarbutt, and E. A. Hinds, “Measurement of the Electron Electric Dipole Moment Using YbF Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 023003–023006 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoekstra, S.

S. Hoekstra, J. J. Gilijamse, B. Sartakov, N. Vanhaecke, L. Scharfenberg, S. Y. T. Van de Meerakker, and G. Meijer, “Optical Pumping of Trapped Neutral Molecules by Blackbody Radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 133001-1-4 (2007)
[Crossref]

S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, I. Labazan, S. Hoekstra, J. Kupper, and G. Meijer, “Production and deceleration of a pulsed beam of metastable NH (a1Δ) radicals,” J. Phys. B 39, S1077–1084 (2006)
[Crossref]

Horley, R.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546–551 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hudson, E. R.

E. R. Hudson, C. Ticknor, B. C. Sawyer, C. A. Taatjes, H. J. Lewandowski, J. R. Bochinski, J. L. Bohn, and J. Ye, “Production of cold formaldehyde molecules for study and control of chemical reaction dynamics with hydroxyl radicals,” Phys. Rev. A,  73, 063404-1-6 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. R. Bochinski, E. R. Hudson, H. J. Lewandowski, G. Meijer, and J. Ye, “Phase Space Manipulation of Cold Free Radical OH Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 243001-1-4 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hudson, J. J.

M. R. Tarbutt, H. L. Bethlem, J. J. Hudson, V. L. Ryabov, V. A. Ryzhov, B. E Sauer, G. Meijer, and E. A. Hinds, “Slowing Heavy, Ground-State Molecules using an Alternating Gradient Decelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Hudson, B. E. Sauer, M. R. Tarbutt, and E. A. Hinds, “Measurement of the Electron Electric Dipole Moment Using YbF Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 023003–023006 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hunter, L. R.

D. DeMille, F. Bay, S. Bickman, D. Kawall, D. Krause, S. E. Maxwell, and L. R. Hunter, “Investigation of PbO as a system for measuring the electric dipole moment of the electron,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 052507-1-8 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jeong, Y.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546–551 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. B. S. Soh, C. Alegria, P. Dupriez, C. A. Codemard, and D. N. Payne, “Single-frequency, single-mode, plane-polarized ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier source with 264 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 30, 459–461 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jongma, R. T.

S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, P. H. M. Smeets, N. Vanhaecke, R. T. Jongma, and G. Meijer, “Deceleration and Electrostatic Trapping of OH Radicals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 023004-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. L. Bethlem, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, and G. Meijer, “Deceleration and trapping of ammonia using time-varying electric fields,” Phys. Rev. A 65,053416-1-20 (2002)
[Crossref]

H. L. Bethlem, A. J. A. van Roij, R. T. Jongma, and G. Meijer, “Alternate Gradient Focusing and Deceleration of a Molecular Beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133003-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. L Bethlem, G. Berden, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, A. J. A. Van Roij, and G. Meijer, “Electrostatic trapping of ammonia molecules,” Nature. 406, 491–494 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Julienne, P. S.

K. Burnett, P. S. Julienne, P. D. Lett, E. Tiesinga, and C. J. Williams, “Quantum encounters of the cold kind,” Nature.  416, 225–232 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jung, S.

S. Jung, E. Tiemann, and Ch. Lisdat, “Cold atoms and molecules from fragmentation of decelerated SO2,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 040701-1-4 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kawall, D.

D. DeMille, F. Bay, S. Bickman, D. Kawall, D. Krause, S. E. Maxwell, and L. R. Hunter, “Investigation of PbO as a system for measuring the electric dipole moment of the electron,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 052507-1-8 (2000).
[Crossref]

Krause, D.

D. DeMille, F. Bay, S. Bickman, D. Kawall, D. Krause, S. E. Maxwell, and L. R. Hunter, “Investigation of PbO as a system for measuring the electric dipole moment of the electron,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 052507-1-8 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kupper, J.

S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, I. Labazan, S. Hoekstra, J. Kupper, and G. Meijer, “Production and deceleration of a pulsed beam of metastable NH (a1Δ) radicals,” J. Phys. B 39, S1077–1084 (2006)
[Crossref]

Küpper, J.

K. Wohlfart, F. Grtäz, F. Filsinger, H. Haak, G. Meijer, and J. Küpper, “Alternating-gradient focusing and deceleration of large molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 031404-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

Labazan, I.

S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, I. Labazan, S. Hoekstra, J. Kupper, and G. Meijer, “Production and deceleration of a pulsed beam of metastable NH (a1Δ) radicals,” J. Phys. B 39, S1077–1084 (2006)
[Crossref]

Lett, P. D.

K. Burnett, P. S. Julienne, P. D. Lett, E. Tiesinga, and C. J. Williams, “Quantum encounters of the cold kind,” Nature.  416, 225–232 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lewandowski, H. J.

E. R. Hudson, C. Ticknor, B. C. Sawyer, C. A. Taatjes, H. J. Lewandowski, J. R. Bochinski, J. L. Bohn, and J. Ye, “Production of cold formaldehyde molecules for study and control of chemical reaction dynamics with hydroxyl radicals,” Phys. Rev. A,  73, 063404-1-6 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. R. Bochinski, E. R. Hudson, H. J. Lewandowski, G. Meijer, and J. Ye, “Phase Space Manipulation of Cold Free Radical OH Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 243001-1-4 (2003).
[Crossref]

Libson, A.

E. Narevicius, A. Libson, C. G. Parthey, I. Chavez, J. Narevicius, U. Even, and M. G. Raizen, “Stopping supersonic oxygen with a series of pulsed electromagnetic coils: A molecular coilgun,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 051401(R) (2008).
[Crossref]

E. Narevicius, A. Libson, C. G. Parthey, I. Chavez, J. Narevicius, U. Evem, and M. G. Raizen, “Stopping Supersonic Beams with a Series of Pulsed Electromagnetic Coils: An Atomic Coilgun,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 093003-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lisdat, Ch.

S. Jung, E. Tiemann, and Ch. Lisdat, “Cold atoms and molecules from fragmentation of decelerated SO2,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 040701-1-4 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lukin, M. D.

A. André, D. DeMille, J. M. Doyle, M. D. Lukin, S. E. Maxwell, P. Rabl, R. J. Schoelkopf, and P. Zoller, “A coherent all-electrical interface between polar molecules and mesoscopic superconducting resonators,” Nat. Physics. 2, 636–642 (2006).
[Crossref]

Maxwell, S. E.

A. André, D. DeMille, J. M. Doyle, M. D. Lukin, S. E. Maxwell, P. Rabl, R. J. Schoelkopf, and P. Zoller, “A coherent all-electrical interface between polar molecules and mesoscopic superconducting resonators,” Nat. Physics. 2, 636–642 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. DeMille, F. Bay, S. Bickman, D. Kawall, D. Krause, S. E. Maxwell, and L. R. Hunter, “Investigation of PbO as a system for measuring the electric dipole moment of the electron,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 052507-1-8 (2000).
[Crossref]

Meier, B. H.

N. Vanhaecke, U. Meier, M. Andrist, B. H. Meier, and F. Merkt, “Zeeman deceleration of H and D,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 031402-1-4 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Vanhaecke, U. Meier, M. Andrist, B. H. Meier, and F. Merkt, “Multistage Zeeman deceleration of hydrogen atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 031402-1-4 (2007).
[Crossref]

Meier, U.

N. Vanhaecke, U. Meier, M. Andrist, B. H. Meier, and F. Merkt, “Multistage Zeeman deceleration of hydrogen atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 031402-1-4 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Vanhaecke, U. Meier, M. Andrist, B. H. Meier, and F. Merkt, “Zeeman deceleration of H and D,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 031402-1-4 (2007).
[Crossref]

Meijer, G.

K. Wohlfart, F. Grtäz, F. Filsinger, H. Haak, G. Meijer, and J. Küpper, “Alternating-gradient focusing and deceleration of large molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 031404-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Hoekstra, J. J. Gilijamse, B. Sartakov, N. Vanhaecke, L. Scharfenberg, S. Y. T. Van de Meerakker, and G. Meijer, “Optical Pumping of Trapped Neutral Molecules by Blackbody Radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 133001-1-4 (2007)
[Crossref]

S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, I. Labazan, S. Hoekstra, J. Kupper, and G. Meijer, “Production and deceleration of a pulsed beam of metastable NH (a1Δ) radicals,” J. Phys. B 39, S1077–1084 (2006)
[Crossref]

S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, P. H. M. Smeets, N. Vanhaecke, R. T. Jongma, and G. Meijer, “Deceleration and Electrostatic Trapping of OH Radicals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 023004-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. R. Tarbutt, H. L. Bethlem, J. J. Hudson, V. L. Ryabov, V. A. Ryzhov, B. E Sauer, G. Meijer, and E. A. Hinds, “Slowing Heavy, Ground-State Molecules using an Alternating Gradient Decelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. R. Bochinski, E. R. Hudson, H. J. Lewandowski, G. Meijer, and J. Ye, “Phase Space Manipulation of Cold Free Radical OH Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 243001-1-4 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. L. Bethlem, A. J. A. van Roij, R. T. Jongma, and G. Meijer, “Alternate Gradient Focusing and Deceleration of a Molecular Beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133003-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. L. Bethlem, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, and G. Meijer, “Deceleration and trapping of ammonia using time-varying electric fields,” Phys. Rev. A 65,053416-1-20 (2002)
[Crossref]

H. L Bethlem, G. Berden, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, A. J. A. Van Roij, and G. Meijer, “Electrostatic trapping of ammonia molecules,” Nature. 406, 491–494 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. L. Bethlem, G. Berden, and G. Meijer, “Decelerating Neutral Dipolar Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1558–1561 (1999).
[Crossref]

Merkt, F.

N. Vanhaecke, U. Meier, M. Andrist, B. H. Meier, and F. Merkt, “Multistage Zeeman deceleration of hydrogen atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 031402-1-4 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Vanhaecke, U. Meier, M. Andrist, B. H. Meier, and F. Merkt, “Zeeman deceleration of H and D,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 031402-1-4 (2007).
[Crossref]

Narevicius, E.

E. Narevicius, A. Libson, C. G. Parthey, I. Chavez, J. Narevicius, U. Evem, and M. G. Raizen, “Stopping Supersonic Beams with a Series of Pulsed Electromagnetic Coils: An Atomic Coilgun,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 093003-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. Narevicius, A. Libson, C. G. Parthey, I. Chavez, J. Narevicius, U. Even, and M. G. Raizen, “Stopping supersonic oxygen with a series of pulsed electromagnetic coils: A molecular coilgun,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 051401(R) (2008).
[Crossref]

Narevicius, J.

E. Narevicius, A. Libson, C. G. Parthey, I. Chavez, J. Narevicius, U. Evem, and M. G. Raizen, “Stopping Supersonic Beams with a Series of Pulsed Electromagnetic Coils: An Atomic Coilgun,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 093003-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. Narevicius, A. Libson, C. G. Parthey, I. Chavez, J. Narevicius, U. Even, and M. G. Raizen, “Stopping supersonic oxygen with a series of pulsed electromagnetic coils: A molecular coilgun,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 051401(R) (2008).
[Crossref]

Nilsson, J.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546–551 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. B. S. Soh, C. Alegria, P. Dupriez, C. A. Codemard, and D. N. Payne, “Single-frequency, single-mode, plane-polarized ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier source with 264 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 30, 459–461 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Parthey, C. G.

E. Narevicius, A. Libson, C. G. Parthey, I. Chavez, J. Narevicius, U. Evem, and M. G. Raizen, “Stopping Supersonic Beams with a Series of Pulsed Electromagnetic Coils: An Atomic Coilgun,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 093003-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. Narevicius, A. Libson, C. G. Parthey, I. Chavez, J. Narevicius, U. Even, and M. G. Raizen, “Stopping supersonic oxygen with a series of pulsed electromagnetic coils: A molecular coilgun,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 051401(R) (2008).
[Crossref]

Payne, D. N.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546–551 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. B. S. Soh, C. Alegria, P. Dupriez, C. A. Codemard, and D. N. Payne, “Single-frequency, single-mode, plane-polarized ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier source with 264 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 30, 459–461 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Procterr, S. R.

S. Willitsch, M. T. Bell, A. D. Gingell, S. R. Procterr, and T. P. Softley, “Cold Reactive Collisions between Laser-Cooled Ions and Velocity-Selected Neutral Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 043203-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rabl, P.

A. André, D. DeMille, J. M. Doyle, M. D. Lukin, S. E. Maxwell, P. Rabl, R. J. Schoelkopf, and P. Zoller, “A coherent all-electrical interface between polar molecules and mesoscopic superconducting resonators,” Nat. Physics. 2, 636–642 (2006).
[Crossref]

Raizen, M. G.

E. Narevicius, A. Libson, C. G. Parthey, I. Chavez, J. Narevicius, U. Evem, and M. G. Raizen, “Stopping Supersonic Beams with a Series of Pulsed Electromagnetic Coils: An Atomic Coilgun,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 093003-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. Narevicius, A. Libson, C. G. Parthey, I. Chavez, J. Narevicius, U. Even, and M. G. Raizen, “Stopping supersonic oxygen with a series of pulsed electromagnetic coils: A molecular coilgun,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 051401(R) (2008).
[Crossref]

Ramirez-Serrano, J.

J. Ramirez-Serrano, K. E. Strecker, and D. W. Chandler, “Modification of the velocity distribution of H2 molecules in a supersonic beam by intense pulsed optical gradients,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8, 2985–2989 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rempe, G.

T. Vdz, N. Syassen, D. M. Bauer, E. Hansis, S. Dürr, and G. Rempe, “Preparation of a quantum state with one molecule at each site of an optical lattice,” Nat. Physics. 2, 692 (2006)
[Crossref]

Ryabov, V. L.

M. R. Tarbutt, H. L. Bethlem, J. J. Hudson, V. L. Ryabov, V. A. Ryzhov, B. E Sauer, G. Meijer, and E. A. Hinds, “Slowing Heavy, Ground-State Molecules using an Alternating Gradient Decelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ryzhov, V. A.

M. R. Tarbutt, H. L. Bethlem, J. J. Hudson, V. L. Ryabov, V. A. Ryzhov, B. E Sauer, G. Meijer, and E. A. Hinds, “Slowing Heavy, Ground-State Molecules using an Alternating Gradient Decelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sahu, J. K.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546–551 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. B. S. Soh, C. Alegria, P. Dupriez, C. A. Codemard, and D. N. Payne, “Single-frequency, single-mode, plane-polarized ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier source with 264 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 30, 459–461 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sartakov, B.

S. Hoekstra, J. J. Gilijamse, B. Sartakov, N. Vanhaecke, L. Scharfenberg, S. Y. T. Van de Meerakker, and G. Meijer, “Optical Pumping of Trapped Neutral Molecules by Blackbody Radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 133001-1-4 (2007)
[Crossref]

Sauer, B. E

M. R. Tarbutt, H. L. Bethlem, J. J. Hudson, V. L. Ryabov, V. A. Ryzhov, B. E Sauer, G. Meijer, and E. A. Hinds, “Slowing Heavy, Ground-State Molecules using an Alternating Gradient Decelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sauer, B. E.

J. J. Hudson, B. E. Sauer, M. R. Tarbutt, and E. A. Hinds, “Measurement of the Electron Electric Dipole Moment Using YbF Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 023003–023006 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sawyer, B. C.

E. R. Hudson, C. Ticknor, B. C. Sawyer, C. A. Taatjes, H. J. Lewandowski, J. R. Bochinski, J. L. Bohn, and J. Ye, “Production of cold formaldehyde molecules for study and control of chemical reaction dynamics with hydroxyl radicals,” Phys. Rev. A,  73, 063404-1-6 (2006).
[Crossref]

Scharfenberg, L.

S. Hoekstra, J. J. Gilijamse, B. Sartakov, N. Vanhaecke, L. Scharfenberg, S. Y. T. Van de Meerakker, and G. Meijer, “Optical Pumping of Trapped Neutral Molecules by Blackbody Radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 133001-1-4 (2007)
[Crossref]

Schoelkopf, R. J.

A. André, D. DeMille, J. M. Doyle, M. D. Lukin, S. E. Maxwell, P. Rabl, R. J. Schoelkopf, and P. Zoller, “A coherent all-electrical interface between polar molecules and mesoscopic superconducting resonators,” Nat. Physics. 2, 636–642 (2006).
[Crossref]

Scoles, G.

G. Scoles, Atomic and molecular beam methods (Oxford University Press, 1988).

Shneider, M. N.

R. Fulton, A. I. Bishop, M. N. Shneider, and P. F. Barker, “Controlling the motion of cold molecules with deep periodic optical potentials,” Nat. Physic 2, 465–468 (2006).
[Crossref]

Smeets, P. H. M.

S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, P. H. M. Smeets, N. Vanhaecke, R. T. Jongma, and G. Meijer, “Deceleration and Electrostatic Trapping of OH Radicals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 023004-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref]

Softley, T. P.

S. Willitsch, M. T. Bell, A. D. Gingell, S. R. Procterr, and T. P. Softley, “Cold Reactive Collisions between Laser-Cooled Ions and Velocity-Selected Neutral Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 043203-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

Soh, D. B. S.

Strecker, K. E.

J. Ramirez-Serrano, K. E. Strecker, and D. W. Chandler, “Modification of the velocity distribution of H2 molecules in a supersonic beam by intense pulsed optical gradients,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8, 2985–2989 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Syassen, N.

T. Vdz, N. Syassen, D. M. Bauer, E. Hansis, S. Dürr, and G. Rempe, “Preparation of a quantum state with one molecule at each site of an optical lattice,” Nat. Physics. 2, 692 (2006)
[Crossref]

Taatjes, C. A.

E. R. Hudson, C. Ticknor, B. C. Sawyer, C. A. Taatjes, H. J. Lewandowski, J. R. Bochinski, J. L. Bohn, and J. Ye, “Production of cold formaldehyde molecules for study and control of chemical reaction dynamics with hydroxyl radicals,” Phys. Rev. A,  73, 063404-1-6 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tarbutt, M. R.

M. R. Tarbutt, H. L. Bethlem, J. J. Hudson, V. L. Ryabov, V. A. Ryzhov, B. E Sauer, G. Meijer, and E. A. Hinds, “Slowing Heavy, Ground-State Molecules using an Alternating Gradient Decelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Hudson, B. E. Sauer, M. R. Tarbutt, and E. A. Hinds, “Measurement of the Electron Electric Dipole Moment Using YbF Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 023003–023006 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ticknor, C.

E. R. Hudson, C. Ticknor, B. C. Sawyer, C. A. Taatjes, H. J. Lewandowski, J. R. Bochinski, J. L. Bohn, and J. Ye, “Production of cold formaldehyde molecules for study and control of chemical reaction dynamics with hydroxyl radicals,” Phys. Rev. A,  73, 063404-1-6 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tiemann, E.

S. Jung, E. Tiemann, and Ch. Lisdat, “Cold atoms and molecules from fragmentation of decelerated SO2,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 040701-1-4 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tiesinga, E.

K. Burnett, P. S. Julienne, P. D. Lett, E. Tiesinga, and C. J. Williams, “Quantum encounters of the cold kind,” Nature.  416, 225–232 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Turner, P. W.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546–551 (2007).
[Crossref]

Van de Meerakker, S. Y. T.

S. Hoekstra, J. J. Gilijamse, B. Sartakov, N. Vanhaecke, L. Scharfenberg, S. Y. T. Van de Meerakker, and G. Meijer, “Optical Pumping of Trapped Neutral Molecules by Blackbody Radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 133001-1-4 (2007)
[Crossref]

S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, I. Labazan, S. Hoekstra, J. Kupper, and G. Meijer, “Production and deceleration of a pulsed beam of metastable NH (a1Δ) radicals,” J. Phys. B 39, S1077–1084 (2006)
[Crossref]

S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, P. H. M. Smeets, N. Vanhaecke, R. T. Jongma, and G. Meijer, “Deceleration and Electrostatic Trapping of OH Radicals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 023004-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. L. Bethlem, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, and G. Meijer, “Deceleration and trapping of ammonia using time-varying electric fields,” Phys. Rev. A 65,053416-1-20 (2002)
[Crossref]

van Roij, A. J. A.

H. L. Bethlem, A. J. A. van Roij, R. T. Jongma, and G. Meijer, “Alternate Gradient Focusing and Deceleration of a Molecular Beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133003-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. L Bethlem, G. Berden, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, A. J. A. Van Roij, and G. Meijer, “Electrostatic trapping of ammonia molecules,” Nature. 406, 491–494 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Veldhoven, J.

J. van Veldhoven, “AC trapping and high-resolution spectroscopy of ammonia molecules,” Ph.D. Thesis, Page 49, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen (2006).

Vanhaecke, N.

N. Vanhaecke, U. Meier, M. Andrist, B. H. Meier, and F. Merkt, “Multistage Zeeman deceleration of hydrogen atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 031402-1-4 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Vanhaecke, U. Meier, M. Andrist, B. H. Meier, and F. Merkt, “Zeeman deceleration of H and D,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 031402-1-4 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Hoekstra, J. J. Gilijamse, B. Sartakov, N. Vanhaecke, L. Scharfenberg, S. Y. T. Van de Meerakker, and G. Meijer, “Optical Pumping of Trapped Neutral Molecules by Blackbody Radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 133001-1-4 (2007)
[Crossref]

S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, P. H. M. Smeets, N. Vanhaecke, R. T. Jongma, and G. Meijer, “Deceleration and Electrostatic Trapping of OH Radicals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 023004-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref]

Vdz, T.

T. Vdz, N. Syassen, D. M. Bauer, E. Hansis, S. Dürr, and G. Rempe, “Preparation of a quantum state with one molecule at each site of an optical lattice,” Nat. Physics. 2, 692 (2006)
[Crossref]

Williams, C. J.

K. Burnett, P. S. Julienne, P. D. Lett, E. Tiesinga, and C. J. Williams, “Quantum encounters of the cold kind,” Nature.  416, 225–232 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Willitsch, S.

S. Willitsch, M. T. Bell, A. D. Gingell, S. R. Procterr, and T. P. Softley, “Cold Reactive Collisions between Laser-Cooled Ions and Velocity-Selected Neutral Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 043203-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wohlfart, K.

K. Wohlfart, F. Grtäz, F. Filsinger, H. Haak, G. Meijer, and J. Küpper, “Alternating-gradient focusing and deceleration of large molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 031404-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ye, J.

E. R. Hudson, C. Ticknor, B. C. Sawyer, C. A. Taatjes, H. J. Lewandowski, J. R. Bochinski, J. L. Bohn, and J. Ye, “Production of cold formaldehyde molecules for study and control of chemical reaction dynamics with hydroxyl radicals,” Phys. Rev. A,  73, 063404-1-6 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. R. Bochinski, E. R. Hudson, H. J. Lewandowski, G. Meijer, and J. Ye, “Phase Space Manipulation of Cold Free Radical OH Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 243001-1-4 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yin, J.

J. Yin, “Realization and research of optically-trapped quantum degenerate gases,” Phys. Rep. 430, 1–116 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zoller, P.

A. André, D. DeMille, J. M. Doyle, M. D. Lukin, S. E. Maxwell, P. Rabl, R. J. Schoelkopf, and P. Zoller, “A coherent all-electrical interface between polar molecules and mesoscopic superconducting resonators,” Nat. Physics. 2, 636–642 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. Balakrishnan and A. Dalgarno, “Chemistry at ultracold temperatures,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 341, 652–656 (2001).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, and P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 546–551 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

E. Bodo, F. A. Gianturco, and A. Dalgarno, “F+D2 reaction at ultracold temperatures,” J. Chem. Phys. 116, 9222–9227 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. B (1)

S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, I. Labazan, S. Hoekstra, J. Kupper, and G. Meijer, “Production and deceleration of a pulsed beam of metastable NH (a1Δ) radicals,” J. Phys. B 39, S1077–1084 (2006)
[Crossref]

Nat. Physic (1)

R. Fulton, A. I. Bishop, M. N. Shneider, and P. F. Barker, “Controlling the motion of cold molecules with deep periodic optical potentials,” Nat. Physic 2, 465–468 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nat. Physics. (2)

T. Vdz, N. Syassen, D. M. Bauer, E. Hansis, S. Dürr, and G. Rempe, “Preparation of a quantum state with one molecule at each site of an optical lattice,” Nat. Physics. 2, 692 (2006)
[Crossref]

A. André, D. DeMille, J. M. Doyle, M. D. Lukin, S. E. Maxwell, P. Rabl, R. J. Schoelkopf, and P. Zoller, “A coherent all-electrical interface between polar molecules and mesoscopic superconducting resonators,” Nat. Physics. 2, 636–642 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

K. Burnett, P. S. Julienne, P. D. Lett, E. Tiesinga, and C. J. Williams, “Quantum encounters of the cold kind,” Nature.  416, 225–232 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature. (1)

H. L Bethlem, G. Berden, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, A. J. A. Van Roij, and G. Meijer, “Electrostatic trapping of ammonia molecules,” Nature. 406, 491–494 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

J. Ramirez-Serrano, K. E. Strecker, and D. W. Chandler, “Modification of the velocity distribution of H2 molecules in a supersonic beam by intense pulsed optical gradients,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 8, 2985–2989 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rep. (1)

J. Yin, “Realization and research of optically-trapped quantum degenerate gases,” Phys. Rep. 430, 1–116 (2006).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (8)

E. Narevicius, A. Libson, C. G. Parthey, I. Chavez, J. Narevicius, U. Even, and M. G. Raizen, “Stopping supersonic oxygen with a series of pulsed electromagnetic coils: A molecular coilgun,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 051401(R) (2008).
[Crossref]

K. Wohlfart, F. Grtäz, F. Filsinger, H. Haak, G. Meijer, and J. Küpper, “Alternating-gradient focusing and deceleration of large molecules,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 031404-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. Vanhaecke, U. Meier, M. Andrist, B. H. Meier, and F. Merkt, “Multistage Zeeman deceleration of hydrogen atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 031402-1-4 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Vanhaecke, U. Meier, M. Andrist, B. H. Meier, and F. Merkt, “Zeeman deceleration of H and D,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 031402-1-4 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. R. Hudson, C. Ticknor, B. C. Sawyer, C. A. Taatjes, H. J. Lewandowski, J. R. Bochinski, J. L. Bohn, and J. Ye, “Production of cold formaldehyde molecules for study and control of chemical reaction dynamics with hydroxyl radicals,” Phys. Rev. A,  73, 063404-1-6 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Jung, E. Tiemann, and Ch. Lisdat, “Cold atoms and molecules from fragmentation of decelerated SO2,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 040701-1-4 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. DeMille, F. Bay, S. Bickman, D. Kawall, D. Krause, S. E. Maxwell, and L. R. Hunter, “Investigation of PbO as a system for measuring the electric dipole moment of the electron,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 052507-1-8 (2000).
[Crossref]

H. L. Bethlem, F. M. H. Crompvoets, R. T. Jongma, S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, and G. Meijer, “Deceleration and trapping of ammonia using time-varying electric fields,” Phys. Rev. A 65,053416-1-20 (2002)
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (11)

J. J. Hudson, B. E. Sauer, M. R. Tarbutt, and E. A. Hinds, “Measurement of the Electron Electric Dipole Moment Using YbF Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 023003–023006 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. L. Bethlem, G. Berden, and G. Meijer, “Decelerating Neutral Dipolar Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1558–1561 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. Willitsch, M. T. Bell, A. D. Gingell, S. R. Procterr, and T. P. Softley, “Cold Reactive Collisions between Laser-Cooled Ions and Velocity-Selected Neutral Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 043203-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. DeMille, “Quantum computation with trapped polar molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 067901-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. L. Bethlem, A. J. A. van Roij, R. T. Jongma, and G. Meijer, “Alternate Gradient Focusing and Deceleration of a Molecular Beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 133003-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. R. Tarbutt, H. L. Bethlem, J. J. Hudson, V. L. Ryabov, V. A. Ryzhov, B. E Sauer, G. Meijer, and E. A. Hinds, “Slowing Heavy, Ground-State Molecules using an Alternating Gradient Decelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 173002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. R. Bochinski, E. R. Hudson, H. J. Lewandowski, G. Meijer, and J. Ye, “Phase Space Manipulation of Cold Free Radical OH Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 243001-1-4 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Y. T. van de Meerakker, P. H. M. Smeets, N. Vanhaecke, R. T. Jongma, and G. Meijer, “Deceleration and Electrostatic Trapping of OH Radicals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 023004-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Hoekstra, J. J. Gilijamse, B. Sartakov, N. Vanhaecke, L. Scharfenberg, S. Y. T. Van de Meerakker, and G. Meijer, “Optical Pumping of Trapped Neutral Molecules by Blackbody Radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 133001-1-4 (2007)
[Crossref]

E. Narevicius, A. Libson, C. G. Parthey, I. Chavez, J. Narevicius, U. Evem, and M. G. Raizen, “Stopping Supersonic Beams with a Series of Pulsed Electromagnetic Coils: An Atomic Coilgun,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 093003-1-4 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Fulton, A. I. Bishop, and P. F. Barker, “Optical Stark Decelerator for Molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243004-1-4 (2004).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

http://www.eopc.com

J. van Veldhoven, “AC trapping and high-resolution spectroscopy of ammonia molecules,” Ph.D. Thesis, Page 49, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen (2006).

G. Scoles, Atomic and molecular beam methods (Oxford University Press, 1988).

http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/63338/.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a). A schematic diagram of multistage optical Stark decelerator and trap for a supersonic molecular beam using a quasi-cw optical lattice. (b) Longitudinal Stark potential energy generated by the optical lattice for different phase angle ϕ.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Simulated time-of-flight signal of CH4 molecules at the outlet of the decelerator for the synchronous phase angle ϕ 0=900 and different deceleration stage n, and other simulation parameters are given in the text.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Simulated phase-space plot for the deceleration stages (a) n=9000, (b) n=11000 and (c) n=13000 with the same synchronous phase angle ϕ 0=900.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Simulated time-of-flight signal of CH4 molecules at the outlet of the decelerator for the deceleration stage n=7000 and different synchronous phase angle, and other simulation parameters are given in the text.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Simulated phase-space plot for the same deceleration stages n=7000 and the synchronous phase angle (a) ϕ 0=900, (b) ϕ 0=1200 and (c) ϕ 0=1500. The inset figure is the magnified Fig. 5(c).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Simulated velocity distribution of slowed cold methane molecules trapped in the cw optical lattice for the synchronous phase angle (a) ϕ 0=900, (b) ϕ 0=1200 and (c) ϕ 0=1500. The solid circles are the Monte-Carlo simulated results while the red lines are the Gaussian-fitted lines. The inset figure is the magnified Fig. 6(c).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Simulated NO molecular velocity distribution at the outlet of (a) multistage optical Stark decelerator using a quasi-cw optical lattice for the synchronous phase angle ϕ 0=900, the peak intensity I=4.2×1011W/m2, and the wave vector k=5.9×106/m, and (b) a single-stage optical Stark decelerator using a pulsed optical lattice for the synchronous phase angle ϕ 0=450, the peak intensity I=2.2×1015W/m2, the wave vector k=1.15×107/m, the lattice’s moving velocity vlattice =321m/s, and the laser pulse width t=5.8ns. The initial translational temperature of supersonic NO molecular beam and its initial flow velocity are T=1.8K and u=400 m/s, respectively.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

U =(2αIε0c) cos2 (kz2) ,
Fz =(αIε0c) sin(kz) ,
m z =(αIε0c) sin(kz) ,
ton (n)=(n1)Λ(n1)Λ+ϕΛ360(v02(n)) (4αI(ε0cm)(1cos2(kz2)))12dz,
toff (n)=(Λϕ0Λ360°) v (n) ,
t=Σ1n [ton(n)+toff(n)] .

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