Abstract

We report on the bluish green upconversion luminescence of niobium ions doped silicate glass by a femtosecond laser irradiation. The dependence of the fluorescence intensity on the pump power density of laser indicates that the conversion of infrared irradiation to visible emission is dominated by three-photon excitation process. We suggest that the charge transfer from O2?? to Nb5+ can efficiently contribute to the bluish green emission. The results indicate that transition metal ions without d electrons play an important role in fields of optics when embedded into silicate glass matrix.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, "Writing waveguides in glass with a femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 21, 1729-31 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Sun, Y. Xu, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Microfabrication and characteristics of two-dimensional photonic crystal. structures in vitreous silica," Opt. Rev. 6,396-398 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H. B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Two-photon readout of three-dimensional memory in silica," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 13-15 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, J. F. García, and E. Mazur, "Micromachining bulk glass by use of femtosecond laser pulses with nanojoule energy," Opt. Lett. 26,93-95 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. F. Johnson and G. J. Guggenheim, "Infrared-Pumped Visible Laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 44-47 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. Yang, Y. Dong, D. Chen, C. Wang, X. Hu, N. Da, G. Zhao, J. Xua, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, and J. Qiu, "Three-photon-excited upconversion luminescence of Ce3+: YAP crystal by femtosecond laser irradiation," Opt. Express 14, 243-247 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Yang, Y. Dong, D. Chen, C. Wang, N. Da, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, and J. Qiu, "Upconversion luminescence from 2E state of Cr3+ in Al2O3 crystal by infrared femtosecond laser irradiation," Opt. Express 13, 7893-98 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. X. Meng, K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, and S. Murai, "Intense greenish emission from d0 transition metal ion Ti4+ in oxide glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051917 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. X. Meng, K. Tanaka, S. Murai, K. Fujita, K. Miura, and K. Hirao, "Two-photon-excited fluorescence from silicate glass containing tantalum ions pumped by a near-infrared femtosecond pulsed laser," Opt. Lett. 31, 2867-69 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Zhang, B. Zhu, S. Zhou, S. Xu, and J. Qiu, "Multi-photon absorption upconversion luminescence of a Tb3+-doped glass excited by an infrared femtosecond laser," Opt. Express 15,6883-88 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. P. Chin, Y. R. Shen, and V. Petrova-koch, "Photoluminescence from porous silicon by infrared multiphoton excitation," Science 270, 776-778 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Juodkazis, A. V. Rode, E. G. Gamaly, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Recording and reading of three-dimensional optical memory in glasses," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 77, 361-368 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. H. Shin, D. Y. Jeon, and K. S. Suh, "Charge-transfer nature in luminescence of YNbO4: Bi blue phosphor," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5986 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. Blasse and F. van To1, "Luminescence of KNb3O8," Solid State Comm. 95,465- 468 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. Chen, L. Yang, M. Peng, C. Wang, N. Da, Y. Qiao, Q. Zhou, C. Zhu, and T. Akai, "Preparation and fluorescent property of Eu-doped high silica glasses," J. Rare Earths 24, 191-195 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Aronne, V. N. Sigaev, B. Champagnon, E. Fanelli, V. Califano, L. Z. Usmanova, and P. Pernice, "The origin of nanostructuring in potassium niobiosilicate glasses by Raman and FTIR spectroscopy," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 3610-3618 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (2)

X. Meng, K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, and S. Murai, "Intense greenish emission from d0 transition metal ion Ti4+ in oxide glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051917 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhang, B. Zhu, S. Zhou, S. Xu, and J. Qiu, "Multi-photon absorption upconversion luminescence of a Tb3+-doped glass excited by an infrared femtosecond laser," Opt. Express 15,6883-88 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2005 (2)

A. Aronne, V. N. Sigaev, B. Champagnon, E. Fanelli, V. Califano, L. Z. Usmanova, and P. Pernice, "The origin of nanostructuring in potassium niobiosilicate glasses by Raman and FTIR spectroscopy," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 3610-3618 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Yang, Y. Dong, D. Chen, C. Wang, N. Da, X. Jiang, C. Zhu, and J. Qiu, "Upconversion luminescence from 2E state of Cr3+ in Al2O3 crystal by infrared femtosecond laser irradiation," Opt. Express 13, 7893-98 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

S. Juodkazis, A. V. Rode, E. G. Gamaly, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Recording and reading of three-dimensional optical memory in glasses," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 77, 361-368 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

S. H. Shin, D. Y. Jeon, and K. S. Suh, "Charge-transfer nature in luminescence of YNbO4: Bi blue phosphor," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5986 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, J. F. García, and E. Mazur, "Micromachining bulk glass by use of femtosecond laser pulses with nanojoule energy," Opt. Lett. 26,93-95 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H. B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Two-photon readout of three-dimensional memory in silica," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 13-15 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

H. Sun, Y. Xu, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Microfabrication and characteristics of two-dimensional photonic crystal. structures in vitreous silica," Opt. Rev. 6,396-398 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (2)

G. Blasse and F. van To1, "Luminescence of KNb3O8," Solid State Comm. 95,465- 468 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Chin, Y. R. Shen, and V. Petrova-koch, "Photoluminescence from porous silicon by infrared multiphoton excitation," Science 270, 776-778 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

L. F. Johnson and G. J. Guggenheim, "Infrared-Pumped Visible Laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 44-47 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Akai, T.

D. Chen, L. Yang, M. Peng, C. Wang, N. Da, Y. Qiao, Q. Zhou, C. Zhu, and T. Akai, "Preparation and fluorescent property of Eu-doped high silica glasses," J. Rare Earths 24, 191-195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Aronne, A.

A. Aronne, V. N. Sigaev, B. Champagnon, E. Fanelli, V. Califano, L. Z. Usmanova, and P. Pernice, "The origin of nanostructuring in potassium niobiosilicate glasses by Raman and FTIR spectroscopy," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 3610-3618 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Blasse, G.

G. Blasse and F. van To1, "Luminescence of KNb3O8," Solid State Comm. 95,465- 468 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Brodeur, A.

Califano, V.

A. Aronne, V. N. Sigaev, B. Champagnon, E. Fanelli, V. Califano, L. Z. Usmanova, and P. Pernice, "The origin of nanostructuring in potassium niobiosilicate glasses by Raman and FTIR spectroscopy," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 3610-3618 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Champagnon, B.

A. Aronne, V. N. Sigaev, B. Champagnon, E. Fanelli, V. Califano, L. Z. Usmanova, and P. Pernice, "The origin of nanostructuring in potassium niobiosilicate glasses by Raman and FTIR spectroscopy," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 3610-3618 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D.

Chin, R. P.

R. P. Chin, Y. R. Shen, and V. Petrova-koch, "Photoluminescence from porous silicon by infrared multiphoton excitation," Science 270, 776-778 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Da, N.

Davis, K. M.

Dong, Y.

Fanelli, E.

A. Aronne, V. N. Sigaev, B. Champagnon, E. Fanelli, V. Califano, L. Z. Usmanova, and P. Pernice, "The origin of nanostructuring in potassium niobiosilicate glasses by Raman and FTIR spectroscopy," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 3610-3618 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, K.

Gamaly, E. G.

S. Juodkazis, A. V. Rode, E. G. Gamaly, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Recording and reading of three-dimensional optical memory in glasses," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 77, 361-368 (2003).
[CrossRef]

García, J. F.

Guggenheim, G. J.

L. F. Johnson and G. J. Guggenheim, "Infrared-Pumped Visible Laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 44-47 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

Hu, X.

Jeon, D. Y.

S. H. Shin, D. Y. Jeon, and K. S. Suh, "Charge-transfer nature in luminescence of YNbO4: Bi blue phosphor," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5986 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X.

Johnson, L. F.

L. F. Johnson and G. J. Guggenheim, "Infrared-Pumped Visible Laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 44-47 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Juodkazis, S.

S. Juodkazis, A. V. Rode, E. G. Gamaly, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Recording and reading of three-dimensional optical memory in glasses," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 77, 361-368 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H. B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Two-photon readout of three-dimensional memory in silica," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 13-15 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Matsuo, S.

S. Juodkazis, A. V. Rode, E. G. Gamaly, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Recording and reading of three-dimensional optical memory in glasses," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 77, 361-368 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H. B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Two-photon readout of three-dimensional memory in silica," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 13-15 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, Y. Xu, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Microfabrication and characteristics of two-dimensional photonic crystal. structures in vitreous silica," Opt. Rev. 6,396-398 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

Meng, X.

Misawa, H.

S. Juodkazis, A. V. Rode, E. G. Gamaly, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Recording and reading of three-dimensional optical memory in glasses," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 77, 361-368 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H. B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Two-photon readout of three-dimensional memory in silica," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 13-15 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, Y. Xu, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Microfabrication and characteristics of two-dimensional photonic crystal. structures in vitreous silica," Opt. Rev. 6,396-398 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

Murai, S.

Peng, M.

D. Chen, L. Yang, M. Peng, C. Wang, N. Da, Y. Qiao, Q. Zhou, C. Zhu, and T. Akai, "Preparation and fluorescent property of Eu-doped high silica glasses," J. Rare Earths 24, 191-195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pernice, P.

A. Aronne, V. N. Sigaev, B. Champagnon, E. Fanelli, V. Califano, L. Z. Usmanova, and P. Pernice, "The origin of nanostructuring in potassium niobiosilicate glasses by Raman and FTIR spectroscopy," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 3610-3618 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Petrova-koch, V.

R. P. Chin, Y. R. Shen, and V. Petrova-koch, "Photoluminescence from porous silicon by infrared multiphoton excitation," Science 270, 776-778 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, Y.

D. Chen, L. Yang, M. Peng, C. Wang, N. Da, Y. Qiao, Q. Zhou, C. Zhu, and T. Akai, "Preparation and fluorescent property of Eu-doped high silica glasses," J. Rare Earths 24, 191-195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

Rode, A. V.

S. Juodkazis, A. V. Rode, E. G. Gamaly, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Recording and reading of three-dimensional optical memory in glasses," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 77, 361-368 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schaffer, C. B.

Shen, Y. R.

R. P. Chin, Y. R. Shen, and V. Petrova-koch, "Photoluminescence from porous silicon by infrared multiphoton excitation," Science 270, 776-778 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shin, S. H.

S. H. Shin, D. Y. Jeon, and K. S. Suh, "Charge-transfer nature in luminescence of YNbO4: Bi blue phosphor," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5986 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sigaev, V. N.

A. Aronne, V. N. Sigaev, B. Champagnon, E. Fanelli, V. Califano, L. Z. Usmanova, and P. Pernice, "The origin of nanostructuring in potassium niobiosilicate glasses by Raman and FTIR spectroscopy," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 3610-3618 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

Suh, K. S.

S. H. Shin, D. Y. Jeon, and K. S. Suh, "Charge-transfer nature in luminescence of YNbO4: Bi blue phosphor," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5986 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H.

H. Sun, Y. Xu, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Microfabrication and characteristics of two-dimensional photonic crystal. structures in vitreous silica," Opt. Rev. 6,396-398 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H. B.

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H. B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Two-photon readout of three-dimensional memory in silica," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 13-15 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

Usmanova, L. Z.

A. Aronne, V. N. Sigaev, B. Champagnon, E. Fanelli, V. Califano, L. Z. Usmanova, and P. Pernice, "The origin of nanostructuring in potassium niobiosilicate glasses by Raman and FTIR spectroscopy," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 3610-3618 (2005).
[CrossRef]

van To, F.

G. Blasse and F. van To1, "Luminescence of KNb3O8," Solid State Comm. 95,465- 468 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

Watanabe, M.

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H. B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Two-photon readout of three-dimensional memory in silica," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 13-15 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Xu, S.

Xu, Y.

H. Sun, Y. Xu, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Microfabrication and characteristics of two-dimensional photonic crystal. structures in vitreous silica," Opt. Rev. 6,396-398 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Xua, J.

Yang, L.

Zhang, S.

Zhao, G.

Zhou, Q.

D. Chen, L. Yang, M. Peng, C. Wang, N. Da, Y. Qiao, Q. Zhou, C. Zhu, and T. Akai, "Preparation and fluorescent property of Eu-doped high silica glasses," J. Rare Earths 24, 191-195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, S.

Zhu, B.

Zhu, C.

Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. (1)

S. Juodkazis, A. V. Rode, E. G. Gamaly, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Recording and reading of three-dimensional optical memory in glasses," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 77, 361-368 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H. B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Two-photon readout of three-dimensional memory in silica," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 13-15 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Johnson and G. J. Guggenheim, "Infrared-Pumped Visible Laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 44-47 (1971).
[CrossRef]

X. Meng, K. Tanaka, K. Fujita, and S. Murai, "Intense greenish emission from d0 transition metal ion Ti4+ in oxide glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 051917 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. H. Shin, D. Y. Jeon, and K. S. Suh, "Charge-transfer nature in luminescence of YNbO4: Bi blue phosphor," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5986 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

A. Aronne, V. N. Sigaev, B. Champagnon, E. Fanelli, V. Califano, L. Z. Usmanova, and P. Pernice, "The origin of nanostructuring in potassium niobiosilicate glasses by Raman and FTIR spectroscopy," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351, 3610-3618 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Rare Earths (1)

D. Chen, L. Yang, M. Peng, C. Wang, N. Da, Y. Qiao, Q. Zhou, C. Zhu, and T. Akai, "Preparation and fluorescent property of Eu-doped high silica glasses," J. Rare Earths 24, 191-195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Rev. (1)

H. Sun, Y. Xu, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, "Microfabrication and characteristics of two-dimensional photonic crystal. structures in vitreous silica," Opt. Rev. 6,396-398 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

R. P. Chin, Y. R. Shen, and V. Petrova-koch, "Photoluminescence from porous silicon by infrared multiphoton excitation," Science 270, 776-778 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Comm. (1)

G. Blasse and F. van To1, "Luminescence of KNb3O8," Solid State Comm. 95,465- 468 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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