Abstract

We propose a multiple star wavelength division multiplexing-passive optical network (WDM-PON) to serve several subscriber groups located at a widely distributed area. The architecture based on a band splitting WDM (BSWDM) filter separates upstream and downstream bands to several sub-bands and assign them to different subscriber groups. As a result, it enables to use a single type AWG for second stage splitting points. Thus, it provides color-free outside plant and simplifies management issues. The proposed architecture also provides pay as you grow feature.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, and B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the Home Using a PON Infrastructure," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. Maier, M. Martinelli, A. Pattavina, and E. Salvadori, "Design and Cost Performance of the Multistage WDM-PON Access Networks," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 125-143 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. I. Tsalamanis, E. Rochat, S. Walker, M. Parker, and D. Holburn, "Experimental demonstration of cascaded AWG access network featuring bi-directional transmission and polarization multiplexing," Opt. Express 12, 764-769 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. R. Doerr and K. Okamoto, "Advances in Silica Planar Lightwave Circuit," IEEE J. of Lightwave Technol. 24, 4763-4789 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. D. Kim, S-G. Gang, and C-H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Pérot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. JDSU product; multi-channel CWDM Mux/Demux 20 nm spacing, http://www.jdsu.com.
  7. C. R. Doerr, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, C. Ho, J. Lam, and K. McGreer, "Planar Lightwave Circuit Eight-Channel CWDM Multiplexer With < 3.9-dB Insertion Loss," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 62-65 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K-Y. Park, S-G. Mun, K-M. Choi, and C-H. Lee, "A Theoretical Model of a Wavelength-Locked Fabry-Perot Laser Diode to the Externally Injected Narrow-Band ASE," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  17, 1797-1799 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y-S. Liao and G-R. Lin, "22-Channel Detuning Capacity of a Side-Mode Injection Locked FPLD for Directly Modulated 2.5Gbit/s DWDM-PON," in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication and Conference, Paper OMS8 (2007).

2006

C-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, and B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the Home Using a PON Infrastructure," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Doerr and K. Okamoto, "Advances in Silica Planar Lightwave Circuit," IEEE J. of Lightwave Technol. 24, 4763-4789 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

C. R. Doerr, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, C. Ho, J. Lam, and K. McGreer, "Planar Lightwave Circuit Eight-Channel CWDM Multiplexer With < 3.9-dB Insertion Loss," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 62-65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K-Y. Park, S-G. Mun, K-M. Choi, and C-H. Lee, "A Theoretical Model of a Wavelength-Locked Fabry-Perot Laser Diode to the Externally Injected Narrow-Band ASE," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  17, 1797-1799 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2000

H. D. Kim, S-G. Gang, and C-H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Pérot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Maier, M. Martinelli, A. Pattavina, and E. Salvadori, "Design and Cost Performance of the Multistage WDM-PON Access Networks," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 125-143 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cappuzzo, M.

C. R. Doerr, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, C. Ho, J. Lam, and K. McGreer, "Planar Lightwave Circuit Eight-Channel CWDM Multiplexer With < 3.9-dB Insertion Loss," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 62-65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, E.

C. R. Doerr, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, C. Ho, J. Lam, and K. McGreer, "Planar Lightwave Circuit Eight-Channel CWDM Multiplexer With < 3.9-dB Insertion Loss," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 62-65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Choi, K-M.

K-Y. Park, S-G. Mun, K-M. Choi, and C-H. Lee, "A Theoretical Model of a Wavelength-Locked Fabry-Perot Laser Diode to the Externally Injected Narrow-Band ASE," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  17, 1797-1799 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Doerr, C. R.

C. R. Doerr and K. Okamoto, "Advances in Silica Planar Lightwave Circuit," IEEE J. of Lightwave Technol. 24, 4763-4789 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Doerr, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, C. Ho, J. Lam, and K. McGreer, "Planar Lightwave Circuit Eight-Channel CWDM Multiplexer With < 3.9-dB Insertion Loss," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 62-65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gang, S-G.

H. D. Kim, S-G. Gang, and C-H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Pérot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gomez, L.

C. R. Doerr, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, C. Ho, J. Lam, and K. McGreer, "Planar Lightwave Circuit Eight-Channel CWDM Multiplexer With < 3.9-dB Insertion Loss," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 62-65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ho, C.

C. R. Doerr, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, C. Ho, J. Lam, and K. McGreer, "Planar Lightwave Circuit Eight-Channel CWDM Multiplexer With < 3.9-dB Insertion Loss," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 62-65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Holburn, D.

Kim, B. Y.

C-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, and B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the Home Using a PON Infrastructure," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. D.

H. D. Kim, S-G. Gang, and C-H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Pérot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lam, J.

C. R. Doerr, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, C. Ho, J. Lam, and K. McGreer, "Planar Lightwave Circuit Eight-Channel CWDM Multiplexer With < 3.9-dB Insertion Loss," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 62-65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C-H.

C-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, and B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the Home Using a PON Infrastructure," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K-Y. Park, S-G. Mun, K-M. Choi, and C-H. Lee, "A Theoretical Model of a Wavelength-Locked Fabry-Perot Laser Diode to the Externally Injected Narrow-Band ASE," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  17, 1797-1799 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. D. Kim, S-G. Gang, and C-H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Pérot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Maier, G.

G. Maier, M. Martinelli, A. Pattavina, and E. Salvadori, "Design and Cost Performance of the Multistage WDM-PON Access Networks," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 125-143 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, M.

G. Maier, M. Martinelli, A. Pattavina, and E. Salvadori, "Design and Cost Performance of the Multistage WDM-PON Access Networks," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 125-143 (2000).
[CrossRef]

McGreer, K.

C. R. Doerr, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, C. Ho, J. Lam, and K. McGreer, "Planar Lightwave Circuit Eight-Channel CWDM Multiplexer With < 3.9-dB Insertion Loss," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 62-65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mun, S-G.

K-Y. Park, S-G. Mun, K-M. Choi, and C-H. Lee, "A Theoretical Model of a Wavelength-Locked Fabry-Perot Laser Diode to the Externally Injected Narrow-Band ASE," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  17, 1797-1799 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

C. R. Doerr and K. Okamoto, "Advances in Silica Planar Lightwave Circuit," IEEE J. of Lightwave Technol. 24, 4763-4789 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, K-Y.

K-Y. Park, S-G. Mun, K-M. Choi, and C-H. Lee, "A Theoretical Model of a Wavelength-Locked Fabry-Perot Laser Diode to the Externally Injected Narrow-Band ASE," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  17, 1797-1799 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Parker, M.

Pattavina, A.

G. Maier, M. Martinelli, A. Pattavina, and E. Salvadori, "Design and Cost Performance of the Multistage WDM-PON Access Networks," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 125-143 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rochat, E.

Salvadori, E.

G. Maier, M. Martinelli, A. Pattavina, and E. Salvadori, "Design and Cost Performance of the Multistage WDM-PON Access Networks," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 125-143 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sorin, W. V.

C-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, and B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the Home Using a PON Infrastructure," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tsalamanis, I.

Walker, S.

Wong-Foy, A.

C. R. Doerr, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, C. Ho, J. Lam, and K. McGreer, "Planar Lightwave Circuit Eight-Channel CWDM Multiplexer With < 3.9-dB Insertion Loss," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 62-65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.

C-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, and B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the Home Using a PON Infrastructure," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Maier, M. Martinelli, A. Pattavina, and E. Salvadori, "Design and Cost Performance of the Multistage WDM-PON Access Networks," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 125-143 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Doerr, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, C. Ho, J. Lam, and K. McGreer, "Planar Lightwave Circuit Eight-Channel CWDM Multiplexer With < 3.9-dB Insertion Loss," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 62-65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. of Lightwave Technol.

C. R. Doerr and K. Okamoto, "Advances in Silica Planar Lightwave Circuit," IEEE J. of Lightwave Technol. 24, 4763-4789 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

H. D. Kim, S-G. Gang, and C-H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Pérot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K-Y. Park, S-G. Mun, K-M. Choi, and C-H. Lee, "A Theoretical Model of a Wavelength-Locked Fabry-Perot Laser Diode to the Externally Injected Narrow-Band ASE," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  17, 1797-1799 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Other

JDSU product; multi-channel CWDM Mux/Demux 20 nm spacing, http://www.jdsu.com.

Y-S. Liao and G-R. Lin, "22-Channel Detuning Capacity of a Side-Mode Injection Locked FPLD for Directly Modulated 2.5Gbit/s DWDM-PON," in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication and Conference, Paper OMS8 (2007).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Simplified multiple star WDM-PON architecture employing BSWDM filters.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Graphical representation and passband characteristics of the proposed BSWDM filter.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Wavelength assignment of the BSWDM filter.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured transmission spectra of fabricated 1×4 BSWDM filter in (a) E-band (downstream), (b) C-band (upstream).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Experimental set up for multiple star WDM-PON based on the BSWDM filter (upstream).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) Measured BER result of 12 WDM channel, (b) locked spectra of upstream data.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Measured BER according to the detuning when the data rate is 1.25 Gb/s.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

The multiple star WDM-PON architecture based on a conventional CWDM filter.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Defined parameters

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