Abstract

In this paper we experimentally demonstrate a novel optical correlator employing dual integrated Arrayed Waveguide Grating (AWG) in conjunction with variable delay lines. The variable delay lines provide wavelength-dependent time delays and generate a wavelength profile that matches arbitrary bit patterns, whereas the AWGs are used to demultiplex and multiplex the wavelength components of the multi-wavelength header bit pattern. The recognition of 4-bit optical patterns at different wavelengths is experimentally demonstrated at 10 Gb/s by showing that the correlator produces an autocorrelation waveform of high peak whenever the input bit pattern matches the wavelengths profile, and a low-amplitude cross-correlation function otherwise.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. Huang and I. Andonovic, "Coherent optical pulse CDMA systems based on coherent correlation detection," IEEE Trans. Commun. 47, 261-271(1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Clavero, J. M. Martinez, F. Ramos, and J. Marti, "All-optical packet routing scheme for optical label-swapping networks," Opt. Express. 12, 4326-4332 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. E. Mcgeehan, M. C. Hauer, and A. E. Willner, "Optical header recognition using fiber Bragg grating correlators," IEEE LEOS Newsletter 16, 29-32 (2002).
  4. A. E. Willner, D. Gurkan, A. B. Sahin, J. E. McGeehan, and M. C. Hauer, "All-optical address recognition for optically-assisted routing in next-generation optical networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41S38 - S44 (2003)
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, D. Rossetti, G. Maier, and M. Martinelli, "Coherent-to-incoherent light conversion for optical correlators," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1284-1288 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K-H. Park and T. Mizumoto, "A packet header recognition assigning the position of a signal in the time axis and its application to all-optical self-routing," J. Lightwave Technol. 191076-1084 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. E. McGeehan, M. C. Hauer, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, "Multiwavelength-channel header recognition for reconfigurable WDM networks using optical correlators based on sampled fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1464-1466 (2003)
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. C. Hauer, J. E. McGeehan, S. Kumar, J. D. Touch, J. Bannister, E. R Lyons, C. H. Lin, A. A. Au, H. P. Lee, D. S. Starodubov, and A. E. Willner, "Optically assisted internet routing using arrays of novel dynamically reconfigurable FBG-based correlators," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2765-2778 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Z. Zhu, V. J. Hernandez, M. Y. Jeon, J. Cao, Z. Pan, and S. J. B. Yoo, "RF photonics signal processing in subcarrier multiplexed optical-label switching communication systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3155-3166 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "All-optical packet address and payload separation," IEEE Photon. Technol. 14, 1728-1730 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Cardakli, A. Willner, V. Grubsky, D. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, "Reconfigurable optical packet header recognition and routing using time-to wavelength mapping and tunable fiber Bragg gratings for correlation decoding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 552-554 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Shao and M. Kao, "WDM coding for high capacity lightwave systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 137-148 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Zhou, B. Wang, R. Runser, I. Glesk, and P. Prucnal, "Perfectly synchronized bit-parallel WDM data transmission over single mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13382-384 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. Skoufis, S. Sygletos, N. Leligou, C. Matrakidis, I. Pountourakis, and A. Stavdas, "Data-centric networking using multiwavelength headers/labels in packet-over-WDM networks: A comparative study," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2110-2122 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Aljada, K. E. Alameh, and K. Al-Begain, "Opto-VLSI-based Correlator Architecture for Multi-wavelength Optical Header Recognition," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2779-2785 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Himeno, K. Kato, and T. Miya, "Silica-based planar lightwave circuits," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 913-924 (1998)
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. K. Smit and C. Van Dam, "PHASER-based WDM-devices: principals, design, and applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 236-250 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Smit, "New focusing and dispersive planar component based on an optical phased array," Electron. Lett. 24, 385-386 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  19. C. Dragone, C. Edwards, and R. Kistler, "Integrated optics N x N multiplexer on silicon," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 896-898 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  20. P. Munoz, D. Pastor, and J. Capmany, "Modeling and design of arrayed waveguide gratings," J. Lightwave Technol. 20661-674 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  21. H. Sanjoh, H. Yasaka, Y. Sakai, K. Sato, H. Ishii, and Y. Yoshikuni, "Multiwavelength light source with precise frequency spacing using a mode-locked semiconductor laser and an arrayed waveguide grating filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 818-820 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  22. M. C. Parker and S. D. Walker, "A Fourier-Fresnel integral-based function model for a near-parabolic phase profile arrayed-waveguide grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1018-1020 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  23. C. K. Nadler, E. K. Wildermuth, M. Lanker, W. Hunziker, and H. Melchior, "Polarization insensitive, low-loss, low-crosstalk wavelength multiplexer modules," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1407-1412 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  24. M. C. Parker and S. D. Walker, "Design of arrayed-waveguide gratings using hybrid Fourier-Fresnel transform techniques," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1379-1384 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  25. K. A. McGreer, "Arrayed waveguide gratings for wavelength routing," IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 62-68 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  26. H. Takenouchi, H. Tsuda, and T. Kurokawa, "Analysis of optical-signal processing using an arrayed-waveguide grating," Opt. Express 6, 124-135 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. Y. Hibino, "An array of photonic filtering advantages: arrayed-waveguide-grating multi/demultiplexers for photonic networks," IEEE Circuits Devices Mag. 16, 21-27 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  28. R. Adar, C. H. Henry, C. Dragone, R. C. Kistler, and M. A. Milbrodt, "Broad-Band Array Multiplexers Made with Silica Waveguides on Silicon," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 212-219 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  29. T. Kominato, Y. Ohmori, H. Okazaki, and M. Yasu, "Very low loss GeO2-doped silica waveguides fabricated by flame hydrolysis deposition method," Electron. Lett. 26, 327-328 (1990).
    [CrossRef]

2004

R. Clavero, J. M. Martinez, F. Ramos, and J. Marti, "All-optical packet routing scheme for optical label-swapping networks," Opt. Express. 12, 4326-4332 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

2002

P. Munoz, D. Pastor, and J. Capmany, "Modeling and design of arrayed waveguide gratings," J. Lightwave Technol. 20661-674 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Mcgeehan, M. C. Hauer, and A. E. Willner, "Optical header recognition using fiber Bragg grating correlators," IEEE LEOS Newsletter 16, 29-32 (2002).

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "All-optical packet address and payload separation," IEEE Photon. Technol. 14, 1728-1730 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

D. Zhou, B. Wang, R. Runser, I. Glesk, and P. Prucnal, "Perfectly synchronized bit-parallel WDM data transmission over single mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13382-384 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K-H. Park and T. Mizumoto, "A packet header recognition assigning the position of a signal in the time axis and its application to all-optical self-routing," J. Lightwave Technol. 191076-1084 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, D. Rossetti, G. Maier, and M. Martinelli, "Coherent-to-incoherent light conversion for optical correlators," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1284-1288 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Takenouchi, H. Tsuda, and T. Kurokawa, "Analysis of optical-signal processing using an arrayed-waveguide grating," Opt. Express 6, 124-135 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Cardakli, A. Willner, V. Grubsky, D. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, "Reconfigurable optical packet header recognition and routing using time-to wavelength mapping and tunable fiber Bragg gratings for correlation decoding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 552-554 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

M. C. Parker and S. D. Walker, "A Fourier-Fresnel integral-based function model for a near-parabolic phase profile arrayed-waveguide grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1018-1020 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. K. Nadler, E. K. Wildermuth, M. Lanker, W. Hunziker, and H. Melchior, "Polarization insensitive, low-loss, low-crosstalk wavelength multiplexer modules," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1407-1412 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Parker and S. D. Walker, "Design of arrayed-waveguide gratings using hybrid Fourier-Fresnel transform techniques," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1379-1384 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Huang and I. Andonovic, "Coherent optical pulse CDMA systems based on coherent correlation detection," IEEE Trans. Commun. 47, 261-271(1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

A. Himeno, K. Kato, and T. Miya, "Silica-based planar lightwave circuits," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 913-924 (1998)
[CrossRef]

K. A. McGreer, "Arrayed waveguide gratings for wavelength routing," IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 62-68 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

H. Sanjoh, H. Yasaka, Y. Sakai, K. Sato, H. Ishii, and Y. Yoshikuni, "Multiwavelength light source with precise frequency spacing using a mode-locked semiconductor laser and an arrayed waveguide grating filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 818-820 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

M. K. Smit and C. Van Dam, "PHASER-based WDM-devices: principals, design, and applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 236-250 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

S. Shao and M. Kao, "WDM coding for high capacity lightwave systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 137-148 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

R. Adar, C. H. Henry, C. Dragone, R. C. Kistler, and M. A. Milbrodt, "Broad-Band Array Multiplexers Made with Silica Waveguides on Silicon," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 212-219 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991

C. Dragone, C. Edwards, and R. Kistler, "Integrated optics N x N multiplexer on silicon," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 896-898 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

T. Kominato, Y. Ohmori, H. Okazaki, and M. Yasu, "Very low loss GeO2-doped silica waveguides fabricated by flame hydrolysis deposition method," Electron. Lett. 26, 327-328 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988

M. Smit, "New focusing and dispersive planar component based on an optical phased array," Electron. Lett. 24, 385-386 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Adar, R.

R. Adar, C. H. Henry, C. Dragone, R. C. Kistler, and M. A. Milbrodt, "Broad-Band Array Multiplexers Made with Silica Waveguides on Silicon," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 212-219 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Alameh, K. E.

M. Aljada, K. E. Alameh, and K. Al-Begain, "Opto-VLSI-based Correlator Architecture for Multi-wavelength Optical Header Recognition," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2779-2785 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Al-Begain, K.

M. Aljada, K. E. Alameh, and K. Al-Begain, "Opto-VLSI-based Correlator Architecture for Multi-wavelength Optical Header Recognition," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2779-2785 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Aljada, M

M. Aljada, K. E. Alameh, and K. Al-Begain, "Opto-VLSI-based Correlator Architecture for Multi-wavelength Optical Header Recognition," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2779-2785 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Andonovic, I.

W. Huang and I. Andonovic, "Coherent optical pulse CDMA systems based on coherent correlation detection," IEEE Trans. Commun. 47, 261-271(1999).
[CrossRef]

Au, A. A.

Avramopoulos, H.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "All-optical packet address and payload separation," IEEE Photon. Technol. 14, 1728-1730 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bannister, J.

Bintjas, C.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "All-optical packet address and payload separation," IEEE Photon. Technol. 14, 1728-1730 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cao, J.

Capmany, J.

Cardakli, M.

M. Cardakli, A. Willner, V. Grubsky, D. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, "Reconfigurable optical packet header recognition and routing using time-to wavelength mapping and tunable fiber Bragg gratings for correlation decoding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 552-554 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Clavero, R.

R. Clavero, J. M. Martinez, F. Ramos, and J. Marti, "All-optical packet routing scheme for optical label-swapping networks," Opt. Express. 12, 4326-4332 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dragone, C.

R. Adar, C. H. Henry, C. Dragone, R. C. Kistler, and M. A. Milbrodt, "Broad-Band Array Multiplexers Made with Silica Waveguides on Silicon," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 212-219 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. Dragone, C. Edwards, and R. Kistler, "Integrated optics N x N multiplexer on silicon," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 896-898 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, C.

C. Dragone, C. Edwards, and R. Kistler, "Integrated optics N x N multiplexer on silicon," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 896-898 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

M. Cardakli, A. Willner, V. Grubsky, D. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, "Reconfigurable optical packet header recognition and routing using time-to wavelength mapping and tunable fiber Bragg gratings for correlation decoding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 552-554 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Glesk, I.

D. Zhou, B. Wang, R. Runser, I. Glesk, and P. Prucnal, "Perfectly synchronized bit-parallel WDM data transmission over single mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13382-384 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Grubsky, V.

M. Cardakli, A. Willner, V. Grubsky, D. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, "Reconfigurable optical packet header recognition and routing using time-to wavelength mapping and tunable fiber Bragg gratings for correlation decoding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 552-554 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Guekos, G.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "All-optical packet address and payload separation," IEEE Photon. Technol. 14, 1728-1730 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hauer, M. C.

J. E. McGeehan, M. C. Hauer, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, "Multiwavelength-channel header recognition for reconfigurable WDM networks using optical correlators based on sampled fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1464-1466 (2003)
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hauer, J. E. McGeehan, S. Kumar, J. D. Touch, J. Bannister, E. R Lyons, C. H. Lin, A. A. Au, H. P. Lee, D. S. Starodubov, and A. E. Willner, "Optically assisted internet routing using arrays of novel dynamically reconfigurable FBG-based correlators," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2765-2778 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Mcgeehan, M. C. Hauer, and A. E. Willner, "Optical header recognition using fiber Bragg grating correlators," IEEE LEOS Newsletter 16, 29-32 (2002).

Henry, C. H.

R. Adar, C. H. Henry, C. Dragone, R. C. Kistler, and M. A. Milbrodt, "Broad-Band Array Multiplexers Made with Silica Waveguides on Silicon," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 212-219 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hernandez, V. J.

Hibino, Y.

Y. Hibino, "An array of photonic filtering advantages: arrayed-waveguide-grating multi/demultiplexers for photonic networks," IEEE Circuits Devices Mag. 16, 21-27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Himeno, A.

A. Himeno, K. Kato, and T. Miya, "Silica-based planar lightwave circuits," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 913-924 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Huang, W.

W. Huang and I. Andonovic, "Coherent optical pulse CDMA systems based on coherent correlation detection," IEEE Trans. Commun. 47, 261-271(1999).
[CrossRef]

Hunziker, W.

C. K. Nadler, E. K. Wildermuth, M. Lanker, W. Hunziker, and H. Melchior, "Polarization insensitive, low-loss, low-crosstalk wavelength multiplexer modules," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1407-1412 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, H.

H. Sanjoh, H. Yasaka, Y. Sakai, K. Sato, H. Ishii, and Y. Yoshikuni, "Multiwavelength light source with precise frequency spacing using a mode-locked semiconductor laser and an arrayed waveguide grating filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 818-820 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, M. Y.

Kalyvas, M.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "All-optical packet address and payload separation," IEEE Photon. Technol. 14, 1728-1730 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kao, M.

S. Shao and M. Kao, "WDM coding for high capacity lightwave systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 137-148 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kato, K.

A. Himeno, K. Kato, and T. Miya, "Silica-based planar lightwave circuits," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 913-924 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Kistler, R.

C. Dragone, C. Edwards, and R. Kistler, "Integrated optics N x N multiplexer on silicon," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 896-898 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kistler, R. C.

R. Adar, C. H. Henry, C. Dragone, R. C. Kistler, and M. A. Milbrodt, "Broad-Band Array Multiplexers Made with Silica Waveguides on Silicon," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 212-219 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kominato, T.

T. Kominato, Y. Ohmori, H. Okazaki, and M. Yasu, "Very low loss GeO2-doped silica waveguides fabricated by flame hydrolysis deposition method," Electron. Lett. 26, 327-328 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, S.

Kurokawa, T.

H. Takenouchi, H. Tsuda, and T. Kurokawa, "Analysis of optical-signal processing using an arrayed-waveguide grating," Opt. Express 6, 124-135 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lanker, M.

C. K. Nadler, E. K. Wildermuth, M. Lanker, W. Hunziker, and H. Melchior, "Polarization insensitive, low-loss, low-crosstalk wavelength multiplexer modules," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1407-1412 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. P.

Leligou, N.

Lin, C. H.

Lyons, E. R

Maier, G.

Marazzi, L.

Marti, J.

R. Clavero, J. M. Martinez, F. Ramos, and J. Marti, "All-optical packet routing scheme for optical label-swapping networks," Opt. Express. 12, 4326-4332 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, M.

Martinez, J. M.

R. Clavero, J. M. Martinez, F. Ramos, and J. Marti, "All-optical packet routing scheme for optical label-swapping networks," Opt. Express. 12, 4326-4332 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Matrakidis, C.

McGeehan, J. E.

McGeehan, J.E.

J. E. McGeehan, M. C. Hauer, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, "Multiwavelength-channel header recognition for reconfigurable WDM networks using optical correlators based on sampled fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1464-1466 (2003)
[CrossRef]

McGreer, K. A.

K. A. McGreer, "Arrayed waveguide gratings for wavelength routing," IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 62-68 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Melchior, H.

C. K. Nadler, E. K. Wildermuth, M. Lanker, W. Hunziker, and H. Melchior, "Polarization insensitive, low-loss, low-crosstalk wavelength multiplexer modules," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1407-1412 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Milbrodt, M. A.

R. Adar, C. H. Henry, C. Dragone, R. C. Kistler, and M. A. Milbrodt, "Broad-Band Array Multiplexers Made with Silica Waveguides on Silicon," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 212-219 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Miya, T.

A. Himeno, K. Kato, and T. Miya, "Silica-based planar lightwave circuits," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 913-924 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Mizumoto, T.

Munoz, P.

Nadler, C. K.

C. K. Nadler, E. K. Wildermuth, M. Lanker, W. Hunziker, and H. Melchior, "Polarization insensitive, low-loss, low-crosstalk wavelength multiplexer modules," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1407-1412 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ohmori, Y.

T. Kominato, Y. Ohmori, H. Okazaki, and M. Yasu, "Very low loss GeO2-doped silica waveguides fabricated by flame hydrolysis deposition method," Electron. Lett. 26, 327-328 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Okazaki, H.

T. Kominato, Y. Ohmori, H. Okazaki, and M. Yasu, "Very low loss GeO2-doped silica waveguides fabricated by flame hydrolysis deposition method," Electron. Lett. 26, 327-328 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Z.

Park, K-H.

Parker, M. C.

M. C. Parker and S. D. Walker, "Design of arrayed-waveguide gratings using hybrid Fourier-Fresnel transform techniques," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1379-1384 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Parolari, P.

Pastor, D.

Pleros, N.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "All-optical packet address and payload separation," IEEE Photon. Technol. 14, 1728-1730 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pountourakis, I.

Prucnal, P.

D. Zhou, B. Wang, R. Runser, I. Glesk, and P. Prucnal, "Perfectly synchronized bit-parallel WDM data transmission over single mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13382-384 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ramos, F.

R. Clavero, J. M. Martinez, F. Ramos, and J. Marti, "All-optical packet routing scheme for optical label-swapping networks," Opt. Express. 12, 4326-4332 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rossetti, D.

Runser, R.

D. Zhou, B. Wang, R. Runser, I. Glesk, and P. Prucnal, "Perfectly synchronized bit-parallel WDM data transmission over single mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13382-384 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sahin, A. B.

J. E. McGeehan, M. C. Hauer, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, "Multiwavelength-channel header recognition for reconfigurable WDM networks using optical correlators based on sampled fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1464-1466 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Sakai, Y.

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M. Cardakli, A. Willner, V. Grubsky, D. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, "Reconfigurable optical packet header recognition and routing using time-to wavelength mapping and tunable fiber Bragg gratings for correlation decoding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 552-554 (2000).
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J. E. McGeehan, M. C. Hauer, A. B. Sahin, and A. E. Willner, "Multiwavelength-channel header recognition for reconfigurable WDM networks using optical correlators based on sampled fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1464-1466 (2003)
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M. C. Hauer, J. E. McGeehan, S. Kumar, J. D. Touch, J. Bannister, E. R Lyons, C. H. Lin, A. A. Au, H. P. Lee, D. S. Starodubov, and A. E. Willner, "Optically assisted internet routing using arrays of novel dynamically reconfigurable FBG-based correlators," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2765-2778 (2003).
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H. Sanjoh, H. Yasaka, Y. Sakai, K. Sato, H. Ishii, and Y. Yoshikuni, "Multiwavelength light source with precise frequency spacing using a mode-locked semiconductor laser and an arrayed waveguide grating filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 818-820 (1997).
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Yoo, S. J. B.

Yoshikuni, Y.

H. Sanjoh, H. Yasaka, Y. Sakai, K. Sato, H. Ishii, and Y. Yoshikuni, "Multiwavelength light source with precise frequency spacing using a mode-locked semiconductor laser and an arrayed waveguide grating filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 818-820 (1997).
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D. Zhou, B. Wang, R. Runser, I. Glesk, and P. Prucnal, "Perfectly synchronized bit-parallel WDM data transmission over single mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13382-384 (2001).
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Electron. Lett.

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IEEE Photon. Technol.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "All-optical packet address and payload separation," IEEE Photon. Technol. 14, 1728-1730 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. Cardakli, A. Willner, V. Grubsky, D. Starodubov, and J. Feinberg, "Reconfigurable optical packet header recognition and routing using time-to wavelength mapping and tunable fiber Bragg gratings for correlation decoding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 552-554 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Zhou, B. Wang, R. Runser, I. Glesk, and P. Prucnal, "Perfectly synchronized bit-parallel WDM data transmission over single mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13382-384 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Sanjoh, H. Yasaka, Y. Sakai, K. Sato, H. Ishii, and Y. Yoshikuni, "Multiwavelength light source with precise frequency spacing using a mode-locked semiconductor laser and an arrayed waveguide grating filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 818-820 (1997).
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M. C. Hauer, J. E. McGeehan, S. Kumar, J. D. Touch, J. Bannister, E. R Lyons, C. H. Lin, A. A. Au, H. P. Lee, D. S. Starodubov, and A. E. Willner, "Optically assisted internet routing using arrays of novel dynamically reconfigurable FBG-based correlators," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2765-2778 (2003).
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Z. Zhu, V. J. Hernandez, M. Y. Jeon, J. Cao, Z. Pan, and S. J. B. Yoo, "RF photonics signal processing in subcarrier multiplexed optical-label switching communication systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3155-3166 (2003).
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H. Takenouchi, H. Tsuda, and T. Kurokawa, "Analysis of optical-signal processing using an arrayed-waveguide grating," Opt. Express 6, 124-135 (2000).
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Other

Y. Hibino, "An array of photonic filtering advantages: arrayed-waveguide-grating multi/demultiplexers for photonic networks," IEEE Circuits Devices Mag. 16, 21-27 (2000).
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M. Aljada, K. E. Alameh, and K. Al-Begain, "Opto-VLSI-based Correlator Architecture for Multi-wavelength Optical Header Recognition," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 2779-2785 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Willner, D. Gurkan, A. B. Sahin, J. E. McGeehan, and M. C. Hauer, "All-optical address recognition for optically-assisted routing in next-generation optical networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41S38 - S44 (2003)
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Integrated dual AWG with WDM profile synthesis. (b) Conceptual diagram of routing node employing integrated dual AWG optical correlators for header recognition

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Experimental setup for multi-wavelength bit-pattern recognition using integrated dual AWG and variable delay lines. (b) Predicted correlator output for four-bit pattern recognition.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured output waveforms (a) when the wavelengths profile matches the input bit pattern ‘1011’ (autocorrelation). (b) When the wavelengths profile does not match the input bit pattern ‘1011’ (cross-correlation). (c) When the wavelengths profile does not match the input bit pattern ‘1101’ (cross-correlation). (d) When the wavelengths profile matches the input bit pattern ‘1101’ (autocorrelation)

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Advantages and limitations of the demonstrated optical correlator structure compared with the Opto-VLSI

Metrics