Abstract

We report on a diode-pumped, cryogenic and room temperature operation of a Tm,Ho:YAlO3 (c-cut) laser. In a temperature of 77 K, an optical-optical conversion efficiency of 27% and a slope efficiency of 29% were achieved with the maximum continuous-wave (CW) output power of 5.0 W at 2.13 µm. Acousto-optic switched operation was performed at pulse repetition frequency (PRF) from 1 kHz to 10 kHz, the highest pulse energy of 3.3 mJ in a pulse duration of 40 ns was obtained. In room temperature (RT), the maximum CW power of Tm,Ho:YAlO3 laser was 160 mW with a slope efficiency of 11% corresponding to the absorbed pump power.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Dergachev, D. Armstrong, A. Smith, T. Drake, and M. Dubois, "3.4-μm ZGP RISTRA nanosecond optical parametric oscillator pumped by a 2.05-μm Ho:YLF MOPA system," Opt. Express 15, 14404-14413 (2007).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, "Performance of a Diode-pumped High PRF Tm,Ho:YLF Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1029(1992).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2004 (2)

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

I. F. Elder and M. J. P. Payne, "Lasing in diode-pumped Tm:YAP, Tm,Ho:YAP and Tm,Ho:YLF," Opt. Commun. 145, 320(1998).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619 (1992).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, "Performance of a Diode-pumped High PRF Tm,Ho:YLF Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1029(1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (3)

1990 (1)

1986 (1)

B. Dischler and H. Ennen, "Polarized anisotropic photoluminescence of laser-related transitions in YAlO3:Nd and YAlO3:Er and line broadening by resonant lattice phonons," J. Appl. Phys. 60, 376 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

M. J. Weber, M. B. T. E. Varitimos, and D. P. Bua, "Laser action from Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+ in YAlO3," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1079 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, E. Comperchio, and L. A. Riseberg, "Ho3+ laser action in YAlO3 at 2.119 μm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7, 497 (1971).

1969 (1)

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, K. Andringa, R. R. Monchamp, and E. Comperchio, "Czochralski growth and properties of YAlO3 laser crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 342 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Andringa, K.

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, K. Andringa, R. R. Monchamp, and E. Comperchio, "Czochralski growth and properties of YAlO3 laser crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 342 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, D.

Bai, Y. X.

Bass, M.

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, E. Comperchio, and L. A. Riseberg, "Ho3+ laser action in YAlO3 at 2.119 μm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7, 497 (1971).

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, K. Andringa, R. R. Monchamp, and E. Comperchio, "Czochralski growth and properties of YAlO3 laser crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 342 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Braud, A.

Bua, D. P.

M. J. Weber, M. B. T. E. Varitimos, and D. P. Bua, "Laser action from Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+ in YAlO3," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1079 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Budni, P. A.

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, C. A. Miller, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "Efficient mid-infrared laser using 1.9-µm-pumped Ho:YAG and ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 723 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, "Performance of a Diode-pumped High PRF Tm,Ho:YLF Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1029(1992).
[CrossRef]

Cha, S.

Chan, K. P.

Chase, L. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S. S.

Chicklis, E. P.

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, C. A. Miller, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "Efficient mid-infrared laser using 1.9-µm-pumped Ho:YAG and ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillators," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 723 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, "Performance of a Diode-pumped High PRF Tm,Ho:YLF Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1029(1992).
[CrossRef]

Comperchio, E.

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, E. Comperchio, and L. A. Riseberg, "Ho3+ laser action in YAlO3 at 2.119 μm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7, 497 (1971).

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, K. Andringa, R. R. Monchamp, and E. Comperchio, "Czochralski growth and properties of YAlO3 laser crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 342 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Dergachev, A.

Dischler, B.

B. Dischler and H. Ennen, "Polarized anisotropic photoluminescence of laser-related transitions in YAlO3:Nd and YAlO3:Er and line broadening by resonant lattice phonons," J. Appl. Phys. 60, 376 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Drake, T.

Dubois, M.

Elder, I. F.

I. F. Elder and M. J. P. Payne, "Lasing in diode-pumped Tm:YAP, Tm,Ho:YAP and Tm,Ho:YLF," Opt. Commun. 145, 320(1998).
[CrossRef]

Ennen, H.

B. Dischler and H. Ennen, "Polarized anisotropic photoluminescence of laser-related transitions in YAlO3:Nd and YAlO3:Er and line broadening by resonant lattice phonons," J. Appl. Phys. 60, 376 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Galzerano, G.

Hale, C. P.

Henderson, S. W.

Heumann, E.

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, "Single mode Tm and Tm,Ho:LuAG lasers for LIDAR applications," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C. H.

Huang, M. L.

Huber, G.

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, "Single mode Tm and Tm,Ho:LuAG lasers for LIDAR applications," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huffaker, A. V.

Jenssen, H. P.

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, "Performance of a Diode-pumped High PRF Tm,Ho:YLF Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1029(1992).
[CrossRef]

Kavaya, M. J.

Killinger, D. K.

Knights, M. G.

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, "Performance of a Diode-pumped High PRF Tm,Ho:YLF Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1029(1992).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kway, W. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Laporta, P.

Lemons, M. L.

Magee, J. R.

Miller, C. A.

Modlin, E. A.

Monchamp, R. R.

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, K. Andringa, R. R. Monchamp, and E. Comperchio, "Czochralski growth and properties of YAlO3 laser crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 342 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Mosto, J. R.

Payne, M. J. P.

I. F. Elder and M. J. P. Payne, "Lasing in diode-pumped Tm:YAP, Tm,Ho:YAP and Tm,Ho:YLF," Opt. Commun. 145, 320(1998).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Petros, M.

Petzar, P. J.

Pomeranz, L. A.

Riseberg, L. A.

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, E. Comperchio, and L. A. Riseberg, "Ho3+ laser action in YAlO3 at 2.119 μm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7, 497 (1971).

Sant, E.

Scholle, K.

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, "Single mode Tm and Tm,Ho:LuAG lasers for LIDAR applications," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shen, H. Y.

Singh, U. N.

Smith, A.

Smith, L. K.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Suni, P. J. M.

Taccheo, S.

Toncelli, A.

Tonelli, M.

Trieu, B. C.

Valle, G. D.

Varitimos, M. B. T. E.

M. J. Weber, M. B. T. E. Varitimos, and D. P. Bua, "Laser action from Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+ in YAlO3," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1079 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, M. B. T. E. Varitimos, and D. P. Bua, "Laser action from Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+ in YAlO3," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1079 (1973).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, E. Comperchio, and L. A. Riseberg, "Ho3+ laser action in YAlO3 at 2.119 μm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7, 497 (1971).

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, K. Andringa, R. R. Monchamp, and E. Comperchio, "Czochralski growth and properties of YAlO3 laser crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 342 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H.

Yu, G. F.

Yu, J.

Yu, J. R.

Zeng, R. R.

Zeng, Z. D.

Zhou, Y. P.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, K. Andringa, R. R. Monchamp, and E. Comperchio, "Czochralski growth and properties of YAlO3 laser crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 342 (1969).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, "Performance of a Diode-pumped High PRF Tm,Ho:YLF Laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1029(1992).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Weber, M. B. T. E. Varitimos, and D. P. Bua, "Laser action from Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+ in YAlO3," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1079 (1973).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, "Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Weber, M. Bass, E. Comperchio, and L. A. Riseberg, "Ho3+ laser action in YAlO3 at 2.119 μm," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7, 497 (1971).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. Dischler and H. Ennen, "Polarized anisotropic photoluminescence of laser-related transitions in YAlO3:Nd and YAlO3:Er and line broadening by resonant lattice phonons," J. Appl. Phys. 60, 376 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, "Single mode Tm and Tm,Ho:LuAG lasers for LIDAR applications," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 285 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

I. F. Elder and M. J. P. Payne, "Lasing in diode-pumped Tm:YAP, Tm,Ho:YAP and Tm,Ho:YLF," Opt. Commun. 145, 320(1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (1)

J. C. McCarthy, P. A. Budni, G. W. Labrie, and E. P. Chicklis, "High Efficiency, Pulsed Diode-Pumped Two Micron Laser," in Advanced Solid State Lasers, T. Fan and B. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, 1994), paper HL5.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Polarized absorption spectrum of a c-cut Tm(5 at. %),Ho(0.3 at. %):YAP at room temperature

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Room temperature Tm,Ho:YAP polarized fluorescence spectrum

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental setup of the dual-end pumped cryogenic Tm:Ho:YAP laser

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output power of CW Tm,Ho:YAP laser dependence on LD power at 77 K

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Output power of CW Tm,Ho:YAP laser dependence on absorbed LD power in RT

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Output spectrum of cryogenic Tm,Ho:YAP laser

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Performance of Q-switched cryogenic Tm, Ho:YAlO3 laser

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