Abstract

We present successful extraction of a 10 GHz clock from single-wavelength 160 and 320 Gbps OTDM data streams, using an opto-electronic phase-locked loop based on three-wave mixing in periodically-poled lithium niobate as a phase comparator.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. O. Kamatani and S. Kawanishi, "Ultrahigh-speed clock recovery with phase lock loop based on four-wave mixing in a traveling-wave laser diode amplifier," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1757-1767 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. K. Oxenløwe, D. Zibar, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. J. Christiansen, and P. Jeppesen, "Filtering-assisted crossphase modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier enabling 320 Gb/s clock recovery," in ECOC, We3.5.5, pp. 485-487 (Glasgow, Scotland, U.K., 2005).
  3. C. Ware and D. Erasme, "30 GHz sub-clock recovery using an opto-electronic phase-locked loop based on fourwave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier," in CLEO/Europe, CI3-5-MON (Munich, Germany, 2005).
  4. E. Tangdiongga, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. J. S. Dorren, "SOAbased Clock Recovery and Demultiplexing in a Lab Trial of 640-Gb/s OTDM Transmission over 50-km Fibre Link," in ECOC, Postdeadline paper PD 1.2 (Berlin, Germany, 2007).
  5. J. H. Lee, S. Ohara, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, N. Sugimoto, K. Igarashi, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Clock recovery and demultiplexing of high-speed OTDM signal through combined use of bismuth oxide nonlinear fiber and erbium-doped bismuth oxide fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2658-2660 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, D. Erasme, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, "10-GHz Clock Recovery Using an Optoelectronic Phase-Locked Loop Based on Three-Wave Mixing in Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1460-1462 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Ohara, H. Takara, I. Shake, T. Yamada, M. Ishii, I. Ogawa, M. Okamoto, and S. Kawanishi, "Highly Stable 160-Gb/s OTDM Technologies Based on Integrated MUX/DEMUX and Drift-Free PLL-Type Clock Recovery," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 40-48 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, and D. Erasme, "Clock synchronization and sub-clock extraction of optical signals at high rates using an opto-electronic PLL based on three-wave mixing in PPLN," in International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (Rome, Italy, 2007). Invited paper.
  9. S. Kurimura, Y. Kato, M. Maruyama, Y. Usui, and H. Nakajima, "Quasi-phase-matched adhered ridge waveguide in LiNbO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191, 123 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. K. Oxenløwe, F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, S. Kurimura, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, K. Kitamura, H. Nakajima, J. Ichikawa, D. Erasme, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, "640 Gbit/s clock recovery using periodically poled lithium niobate," Electron. Lett. 44, 370-371 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. K. Oxenløwe, F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, S. Kurimura, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, K. Kitamura, H. Nakajima, J. Ichikawa, D. Erasme, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, "640 Gbit/s data transmission and clock recovery using an ultra-fast periodically poled lithium niobate device," in OFC, Postdeadline paper PDP22 (San Diego, CA, U.S.A., 2008).
  12. M. Jinno, "Effects of Crosstalk and Timing Jitter on All-Optical Time-Division Demultiplexing Using a Nonlinear Fiber Sagnac Interferometer Switch," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2842-2853 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Slavík, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, Y. Park, J. Azaña, and P. Jeppesen, "Demultiplexing of 320 Gb/s OTDM data using ultrashort flat-top pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1855-1857 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

L. K. Oxenløwe, F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, S. Kurimura, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, K. Kitamura, H. Nakajima, J. Ichikawa, D. Erasme, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, "640 Gbit/s clock recovery using periodically poled lithium niobate," Electron. Lett. 44, 370-371 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

T. Ohara, H. Takara, I. Shake, T. Yamada, M. Ishii, I. Ogawa, M. Okamoto, and S. Kawanishi, "Highly Stable 160-Gb/s OTDM Technologies Based on Integrated MUX/DEMUX and Drift-Free PLL-Type Clock Recovery," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 40-48 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, Y. Park, J. Azaña, and P. Jeppesen, "Demultiplexing of 320 Gb/s OTDM data using ultrashort flat-top pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1855-1857 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

S. Kurimura, Y. Kato, M. Maruyama, Y. Usui, and H. Nakajima, "Quasi-phase-matched adhered ridge waveguide in LiNbO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191, 123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, D. Erasme, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, "10-GHz Clock Recovery Using an Optoelectronic Phase-Locked Loop Based on Three-Wave Mixing in Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1460-1462 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

J. H. Lee, S. Ohara, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, N. Sugimoto, K. Igarashi, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Clock recovery and demultiplexing of high-speed OTDM signal through combined use of bismuth oxide nonlinear fiber and erbium-doped bismuth oxide fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2658-2660 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

O. Kamatani and S. Kawanishi, "Ultrahigh-speed clock recovery with phase lock loop based on four-wave mixing in a traveling-wave laser diode amplifier," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1757-1767 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. Jinno, "Effects of Crosstalk and Timing Jitter on All-Optical Time-Division Demultiplexing Using a Nonlinear Fiber Sagnac Interferometer Switch," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2842-2853 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Azaña, J.

R. Slavík, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, Y. Park, J. Azaña, and P. Jeppesen, "Demultiplexing of 320 Gb/s OTDM data using ultrashort flat-top pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1855-1857 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Clausen, A. T.

L. K. Oxenløwe, F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, S. Kurimura, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, K. Kitamura, H. Nakajima, J. Ichikawa, D. Erasme, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, "640 Gbit/s clock recovery using periodically poled lithium niobate," Electron. Lett. 44, 370-371 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Erasme, D.

L. K. Oxenløwe, F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, S. Kurimura, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, K. Kitamura, H. Nakajima, J. Ichikawa, D. Erasme, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, "640 Gbit/s clock recovery using periodically poled lithium niobate," Electron. Lett. 44, 370-371 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, D. Erasme, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, "10-GHz Clock Recovery Using an Optoelectronic Phase-Locked Loop Based on Three-Wave Mixing in Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1460-1462 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Galili, M.

L. K. Oxenløwe, F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, S. Kurimura, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, K. Kitamura, H. Nakajima, J. Ichikawa, D. Erasme, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, "640 Gbit/s clock recovery using periodically poled lithium niobate," Electron. Lett. 44, 370-371 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, Y. Park, J. Azaña, and P. Jeppesen, "Demultiplexing of 320 Gb/s OTDM data using ultrashort flat-top pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1855-1857 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gómez Agis, F.

L. K. Oxenløwe, F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, S. Kurimura, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, K. Kitamura, H. Nakajima, J. Ichikawa, D. Erasme, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, "640 Gbit/s clock recovery using periodically poled lithium niobate," Electron. Lett. 44, 370-371 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, D. Erasme, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, "10-GHz Clock Recovery Using an Optoelectronic Phase-Locked Loop Based on Three-Wave Mixing in Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1460-1462 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, T.

J. H. Lee, S. Ohara, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, N. Sugimoto, K. Igarashi, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Clock recovery and demultiplexing of high-speed OTDM signal through combined use of bismuth oxide nonlinear fiber and erbium-doped bismuth oxide fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2658-2660 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ichikawa, J.

L. K. Oxenløwe, F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, S. Kurimura, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, K. Kitamura, H. Nakajima, J. Ichikawa, D. Erasme, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, "640 Gbit/s clock recovery using periodically poled lithium niobate," Electron. Lett. 44, 370-371 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Igarashi, K.

J. H. Lee, S. Ohara, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, N. Sugimoto, K. Igarashi, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Clock recovery and demultiplexing of high-speed OTDM signal through combined use of bismuth oxide nonlinear fiber and erbium-doped bismuth oxide fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2658-2660 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, M.

T. Ohara, H. Takara, I. Shake, T. Yamada, M. Ishii, I. Ogawa, M. Okamoto, and S. Kawanishi, "Highly Stable 160-Gb/s OTDM Technologies Based on Integrated MUX/DEMUX and Drift-Free PLL-Type Clock Recovery," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 40-48 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jeppesen, P.

L. K. Oxenløwe, F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, S. Kurimura, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, K. Kitamura, H. Nakajima, J. Ichikawa, D. Erasme, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, "640 Gbit/s clock recovery using periodically poled lithium niobate," Electron. Lett. 44, 370-371 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, Y. Park, J. Azaña, and P. Jeppesen, "Demultiplexing of 320 Gb/s OTDM data using ultrashort flat-top pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1855-1857 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jinno, M.

M. Jinno, "Effects of Crosstalk and Timing Jitter on All-Optical Time-Division Demultiplexing Using a Nonlinear Fiber Sagnac Interferometer Switch," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2842-2853 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kamatani, O.

O. Kamatani and S. Kawanishi, "Ultrahigh-speed clock recovery with phase lock loop based on four-wave mixing in a traveling-wave laser diode amplifier," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1757-1767 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kato, Y.

S. Kurimura, Y. Kato, M. Maruyama, Y. Usui, and H. Nakajima, "Quasi-phase-matched adhered ridge waveguide in LiNbO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191, 123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Katoh, K.

J. H. Lee, S. Ohara, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, N. Sugimoto, K. Igarashi, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Clock recovery and demultiplexing of high-speed OTDM signal through combined use of bismuth oxide nonlinear fiber and erbium-doped bismuth oxide fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2658-2660 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, S.

T. Ohara, H. Takara, I. Shake, T. Yamada, M. Ishii, I. Ogawa, M. Okamoto, and S. Kawanishi, "Highly Stable 160-Gb/s OTDM Technologies Based on Integrated MUX/DEMUX and Drift-Free PLL-Type Clock Recovery," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 40-48 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Kamatani and S. Kawanishi, "Ultrahigh-speed clock recovery with phase lock loop based on four-wave mixing in a traveling-wave laser diode amplifier," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1757-1767 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

J. H. Lee, S. Ohara, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, N. Sugimoto, K. Igarashi, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Clock recovery and demultiplexing of high-speed OTDM signal through combined use of bismuth oxide nonlinear fiber and erbium-doped bismuth oxide fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2658-2660 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kitamura, K.

L. K. Oxenløwe, F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, S. Kurimura, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, K. Kitamura, H. Nakajima, J. Ichikawa, D. Erasme, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, "640 Gbit/s clock recovery using periodically poled lithium niobate," Electron. Lett. 44, 370-371 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kurimura, S.

L. K. Oxenløwe, F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, S. Kurimura, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, K. Kitamura, H. Nakajima, J. Ichikawa, D. Erasme, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, "640 Gbit/s clock recovery using periodically poled lithium niobate," Electron. Lett. 44, 370-371 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kurimura, Y. Kato, M. Maruyama, Y. Usui, and H. Nakajima, "Quasi-phase-matched adhered ridge waveguide in LiNbO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191, 123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

J. H. Lee, S. Ohara, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, N. Sugimoto, K. Igarashi, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Clock recovery and demultiplexing of high-speed OTDM signal through combined use of bismuth oxide nonlinear fiber and erbium-doped bismuth oxide fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2658-2660 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Maruyama, M.

S. Kurimura, Y. Kato, M. Maruyama, Y. Usui, and H. Nakajima, "Quasi-phase-matched adhered ridge waveguide in LiNbO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191, 123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mulvad, H. C. H.

L. K. Oxenløwe, F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, S. Kurimura, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, K. Kitamura, H. Nakajima, J. Ichikawa, D. Erasme, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, "640 Gbit/s clock recovery using periodically poled lithium niobate," Electron. Lett. 44, 370-371 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, Y. Park, J. Azaña, and P. Jeppesen, "Demultiplexing of 320 Gb/s OTDM data using ultrashort flat-top pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1855-1857 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nagashima, T.

J. H. Lee, S. Ohara, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, N. Sugimoto, K. Igarashi, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Clock recovery and demultiplexing of high-speed OTDM signal through combined use of bismuth oxide nonlinear fiber and erbium-doped bismuth oxide fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2658-2660 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, H.

L. K. Oxenløwe, F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, S. Kurimura, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, K. Kitamura, H. Nakajima, J. Ichikawa, D. Erasme, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, "640 Gbit/s clock recovery using periodically poled lithium niobate," Electron. Lett. 44, 370-371 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kurimura, Y. Kato, M. Maruyama, Y. Usui, and H. Nakajima, "Quasi-phase-matched adhered ridge waveguide in LiNbO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191, 123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, I.

T. Ohara, H. Takara, I. Shake, T. Yamada, M. Ishii, I. Ogawa, M. Okamoto, and S. Kawanishi, "Highly Stable 160-Gb/s OTDM Technologies Based on Integrated MUX/DEMUX and Drift-Free PLL-Type Clock Recovery," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 40-48 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ohara, S.

J. H. Lee, S. Ohara, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, N. Sugimoto, K. Igarashi, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Clock recovery and demultiplexing of high-speed OTDM signal through combined use of bismuth oxide nonlinear fiber and erbium-doped bismuth oxide fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2658-2660 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ohara, T.

T. Ohara, H. Takara, I. Shake, T. Yamada, M. Ishii, I. Ogawa, M. Okamoto, and S. Kawanishi, "Highly Stable 160-Gb/s OTDM Technologies Based on Integrated MUX/DEMUX and Drift-Free PLL-Type Clock Recovery," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 40-48 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, M.

T. Ohara, H. Takara, I. Shake, T. Yamada, M. Ishii, I. Ogawa, M. Okamoto, and S. Kawanishi, "Highly Stable 160-Gb/s OTDM Technologies Based on Integrated MUX/DEMUX and Drift-Free PLL-Type Clock Recovery," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 40-48 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oxenløwe, L. K.

L. K. Oxenløwe, F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, S. Kurimura, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, K. Kitamura, H. Nakajima, J. Ichikawa, D. Erasme, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, "640 Gbit/s clock recovery using periodically poled lithium niobate," Electron. Lett. 44, 370-371 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, Y. Park, J. Azaña, and P. Jeppesen, "Demultiplexing of 320 Gb/s OTDM data using ultrashort flat-top pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1855-1857 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y.

R. Slavík, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, Y. Park, J. Azaña, and P. Jeppesen, "Demultiplexing of 320 Gb/s OTDM data using ultrashort flat-top pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1855-1857 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Quiring, V.

F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, D. Erasme, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, "10-GHz Clock Recovery Using an Optoelectronic Phase-Locked Loop Based on Three-Wave Mixing in Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1460-1462 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ricken, R.

F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, D. Erasme, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, "10-GHz Clock Recovery Using an Optoelectronic Phase-Locked Loop Based on Three-Wave Mixing in Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1460-1462 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shake, I.

T. Ohara, H. Takara, I. Shake, T. Yamada, M. Ishii, I. Ogawa, M. Okamoto, and S. Kawanishi, "Highly Stable 160-Gb/s OTDM Technologies Based on Integrated MUX/DEMUX and Drift-Free PLL-Type Clock Recovery," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 40-48 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Slavík, R.

R. Slavík, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, Y. Park, J. Azaña, and P. Jeppesen, "Demultiplexing of 320 Gb/s OTDM data using ultrashort flat-top pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1855-1857 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sohler, W.

F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, D. Erasme, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, "10-GHz Clock Recovery Using an Optoelectronic Phase-Locked Loop Based on Three-Wave Mixing in Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1460-1462 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

J. H. Lee, S. Ohara, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, N. Sugimoto, K. Igarashi, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, "Clock recovery and demultiplexing of high-speed OTDM signal through combined use of bismuth oxide nonlinear fiber and erbium-doped bismuth oxide fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2658-2660 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Takara, H.

T. Ohara, H. Takara, I. Shake, T. Yamada, M. Ishii, I. Ogawa, M. Okamoto, and S. Kawanishi, "Highly Stable 160-Gb/s OTDM Technologies Based on Integrated MUX/DEMUX and Drift-Free PLL-Type Clock Recovery," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 40-48 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Usui, Y.

S. Kurimura, Y. Kato, M. Maruyama, Y. Usui, and H. Nakajima, "Quasi-phase-matched adhered ridge waveguide in LiNbO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191, 123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ware, C.

L. K. Oxenløwe, F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, S. Kurimura, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, K. Kitamura, H. Nakajima, J. Ichikawa, D. Erasme, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, "640 Gbit/s clock recovery using periodically poled lithium niobate," Electron. Lett. 44, 370-371 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, D. Erasme, R. Ricken, V. Quiring, and W. Sohler, "10-GHz Clock Recovery Using an Optoelectronic Phase-Locked Loop Based on Three-Wave Mixing in Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1460-1462 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, T.

T. Ohara, H. Takara, I. Shake, T. Yamada, M. Ishii, I. Ogawa, M. Okamoto, and S. Kawanishi, "Highly Stable 160-Gb/s OTDM Technologies Based on Integrated MUX/DEMUX and Drift-Free PLL-Type Clock Recovery," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 40-48 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Kurimura, Y. Kato, M. Maruyama, Y. Usui, and H. Nakajima, "Quasi-phase-matched adhered ridge waveguide in LiNbO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191, 123 (2006).
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L. K. Oxenløwe, F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, S. Kurimura, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, K. Kitamura, H. Nakajima, J. Ichikawa, D. Erasme, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, "640 Gbit/s clock recovery using periodically poled lithium niobate," Electron. Lett. 44, 370-371 (2008).
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[CrossRef]

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Other (5)

L. K. Oxenløwe, D. Zibar, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. J. Christiansen, and P. Jeppesen, "Filtering-assisted crossphase modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier enabling 320 Gb/s clock recovery," in ECOC, We3.5.5, pp. 485-487 (Glasgow, Scotland, U.K., 2005).

C. Ware and D. Erasme, "30 GHz sub-clock recovery using an opto-electronic phase-locked loop based on fourwave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier," in CLEO/Europe, CI3-5-MON (Munich, Germany, 2005).

E. Tangdiongga, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. J. S. Dorren, "SOAbased Clock Recovery and Demultiplexing in a Lab Trial of 640-Gb/s OTDM Transmission over 50-km Fibre Link," in ECOC, Postdeadline paper PD 1.2 (Berlin, Germany, 2007).

F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, and D. Erasme, "Clock synchronization and sub-clock extraction of optical signals at high rates using an opto-electronic PLL based on three-wave mixing in PPLN," in International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) (Rome, Italy, 2007). Invited paper.

L. K. Oxenløwe, F. Gómez Agis, C. Ware, S. Kurimura, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, K. Kitamura, H. Nakajima, J. Ichikawa, D. Erasme, A. T. Clausen, and P. Jeppesen, "640 Gbit/s data transmission and clock recovery using an ultra-fast periodically poled lithium niobate device," in OFC, Postdeadline paper PDP22 (San Diego, CA, U.S.A., 2008).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Opto-electronic phase-locked loop setup. Illustrates the three basic PLL blocks (VCO, mixer and filter): the “VCO” includes a tunable mode-locked laser, making its output an optical pulse train; the “mixer” is based on three-wave mixing in the PPLN, detected by a silicon avalanche photodetector; the “filter” includes a voltage shifter so as to tune the VCO’s operating point.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Illustration and experimental demonstration of the mixer-like behavior of the error signal generated by TWM. (a) represents, in the optical frequency domain, the generation of TWM by signals modulated e.g. sinusoidally at frequencies fs and fc . All spectral components interact pairwise and generate their sum optical frequency; the central lines create a TWM central peak at optical frequency c/λ TWM; lateral lines make TWM lines separated from that frequency by the difference of the modulation frequencies |fs -fc |. (b) shows the corresponding experimental result in the time domain.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spectrum of the recovered clock, centered at the sub-clock frequency; resolution bandwidth is 10 kHz.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Single-sideband to carrier ratio of the recovered clock, as a function of the frequency offset from the sub-clock frequency.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Timing jitter of the recovered sub-clock, as a function of the upper bound of the phase noise integration interval.

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