Abstract

The influence of laser chirp on the formation of femtosecond laser filamentation in Ar was investigated for the generation of few-cycle high-power laser pulses. The condition for the formation of a single filament has been carefully examined using 28-fs laser pulses with energy over 3 mJ. The filament formation and output spectrum changed very sensitively to the initial laser chirp and gas pressure. Much larger spectral broadening was obtained with positively chirped pulses, compared to the case of negatively chirped pulses that generated much longer filament, and compressed pulses of 5.5 fs with energy of 0.5 mJ were obtained from the filamentation of positively chirped 30-fs laser pulses in a single Ar cell.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelop phase-locked few-cycle laser pulse through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Berge, F. Lederer, T. Sokollic, M. Schnurer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, "Selfcompression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: Experiment versus numerical simulations," Phys. Rev. E 74, 056604 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW 5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B 82, 5-8 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Berge, F. Lederer, T. Sokollic, M. Schnurer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, "Selfcompression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: Experiment versus numerical simulations," Phys. Rev. E 74, 056604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW 5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B 82, 5-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelop phase-locked few-cycle laser pulse through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, W. Liu, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Self-transformation of a powerful femtosecond laser pulse into a white light laser pulse in bulk optical media (or supercontinuum generation)," Appl. Phys. B 77, 149-165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Champeaux and L. Berge, "Femtosecond pulse compression in pressure-gas cells filled with argon," Phys. Rev. E 68, 066603 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

J.-H. Kim and C. H. Nam, "Plasma-induced frequency chirp of intense femtosecond lasers and its role in shaping high-order harmonic spectral lines," Phys. Rev. A 65, 033801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

1996

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

1994

1992

S. C. Rae and K. Burnett, "Detailed simulations of plasma-induced spectral blueshifting," Phys. Rev. A 46, 1084-1090 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989

1986

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field," Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191-1194 (1986).

1973

D. Grischkowsky, E. Courtens, and J. A. Amstrong, "Observation of self-steepening of optical pulses with possible shock formation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 31, 422-426 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

Akozbek, N.

V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, W. Liu, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Self-transformation of a powerful femtosecond laser pulse into a white light laser pulse in bulk optical media (or supercontinuum generation)," Appl. Phys. B 77, 149-165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ammosov, M. V.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field," Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191-1194 (1986).

Amstrong, J. A.

D. Grischkowsky, E. Courtens, and J. A. Amstrong, "Observation of self-steepening of optical pulses with possible shock formation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 31, 422-426 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Baltu¡ska, A.

Becker, A.

V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, W. Liu, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Self-transformation of a powerful femtosecond laser pulse into a white light laser pulse in bulk optical media (or supercontinuum generation)," Appl. Phys. B 77, 149-165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Berge, L.

R. Nuter, S. Skupin, and L. Berge, "Chirp-induced dynamics of femtosecond filaments in air," Opt. Lett. 30, 917-919 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Champeaux and L. Berge, "Femtosecond pulse compression in pressure-gas cells filled with argon," Phys. Rev. E 68, 066603 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Biegert, J.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelop phase-locked few-cycle laser pulse through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bowden, C. M.

V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, W. Liu, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Self-transformation of a powerful femtosecond laser pulse into a white light laser pulse in bulk optical media (or supercontinuum generation)," Appl. Phys. B 77, 149-165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Braun, A.

Brodeur, A.

Burnett, K.

S. C. Rae and K. Burnett, "Detailed simulations of plasma-induced spectral blueshifting," Phys. Rev. A 46, 1084-1090 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Champeaux, S.

S. Champeaux and L. Berge, "Femtosecond pulse compression in pressure-gas cells filled with argon," Phys. Rev. E 68, 066603 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. S. F.

Chien, C. Y.

Chin, S. L.

V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, W. Liu, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Self-transformation of a powerful femtosecond laser pulse into a white light laser pulse in bulk optical media (or supercontinuum generation)," Appl. Phys. B 77, 149-165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Brodeur, C. Y. Chien, F. A. Ilkov, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, and V. P. Kandidov, "Moving focus in the propagation of powerful ultrashort laser pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 22, 304-306 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Couairon, A.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelop phase-locked few-cycle laser pulse through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Courtens, E.

D. Grischkowsky, E. Courtens, and J. A. Amstrong, "Observation of self-steepening of optical pulses with possible shock formation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 31, 422-426 (1973).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Delone, N. B.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field," Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191-1194 (1986).

DeLong, K. W.

Djeu, N.

Du, D.

Fay, A. T.

Golubtsov, I. S.

V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, W. Liu, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Self-transformation of a powerful femtosecond laser pulse into a white light laser pulse in bulk optical media (or supercontinuum generation)," Appl. Phys. B 77, 149-165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

D. Grischkowsky, E. Courtens, and J. A. Amstrong, "Observation of self-steepening of optical pulses with possible shock formation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 31, 422-426 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Hauri, C. P.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelop phase-locked few-cycle laser pulse through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heinrich, A.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelop phase-locked few-cycle laser pulse through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Helbing, F. W.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelop phase-locked few-cycle laser pulse through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hunter, J.

Ilkov, F. A.

Imran, T.

J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW 5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B 82, 5-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kandidov, V. P.

V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, W. Liu, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Self-transformation of a powerful femtosecond laser pulse into a white light laser pulse in bulk optical media (or supercontinuum generation)," Appl. Phys. B 77, 149-165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Brodeur, C. Y. Chien, F. A. Ilkov, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, and V. P. Kandidov, "Moving focus in the propagation of powerful ultrashort laser pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 22, 304-306 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keller, U.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelop phase-locked few-cycle laser pulse through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.-H.

J.-H. Kim and C. H. Nam, "Plasma-induced frequency chirp of intense femtosecond lasers and its role in shaping high-order harmonic spectral lines," Phys. Rev. A 65, 033801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Korn, G.

Kornelis, W.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelop phase-locked few-cycle laser pulse through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kosareva, O. G.

V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, W. Liu, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Self-transformation of a powerful femtosecond laser pulse into a white light laser pulse in bulk optical media (or supercontinuum generation)," Appl. Phys. B 77, 149-165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Brodeur, C. Y. Chien, F. A. Ilkov, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, and V. P. Kandidov, "Moving focus in the propagation of powerful ultrashort laser pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 22, 304-306 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krainov, V. P.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field," Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191-1194 (1986).

Lee, Y. S.

J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW 5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B 82, 5-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, W. Liu, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Self-transformation of a powerful femtosecond laser pulse into a white light laser pulse in bulk optical media (or supercontinuum generation)," Appl. Phys. B 77, 149-165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Mourou, G.

Mysyrowicz, A.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelop phase-locked few-cycle laser pulse through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nam, C. H.

J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW 5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B 82, 5-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Kim and C. H. Nam, "Plasma-induced frequency chirp of intense femtosecond lasers and its role in shaping high-order harmonic spectral lines," Phys. Rev. A 65, 033801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nuter, R.

Park, J. Y.

J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW 5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B 82, 5-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rae, S. C.

S. C. Rae and K. Burnett, "Detailed simulations of plasma-induced spectral blueshifting," Phys. Rev. A 46, 1084-1090 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shimoji, Y.

Skupin, S.

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Berge, F. Lederer, T. Sokollic, M. Schnurer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, "Selfcompression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: Experiment versus numerical simulations," Phys. Rev. E 74, 056604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Nuter, S. Skupin, and L. Berge, "Chirp-induced dynamics of femtosecond filaments in air," Opt. Lett. 30, 917-919 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Squier, J.

Stibenz, G.

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Berge, F. Lederer, T. Sokollic, M. Schnurer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, "Selfcompression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: Experiment versus numerical simulations," Phys. Rev. E 74, 056604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sung, J. H.

J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW 5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B 82, 5-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

White, W. E.

Wiersma, D. A.

Appl. Phys. B

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelop phase-locked few-cycle laser pulse through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Sung, J. Y. Park, T. Imran, Y. S. Lee, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of 0.2-TW 5.5-fs optical pulses at 1 kHz using a differentially pumped hollow-fiber chirped-mirror compressor," Appl. Phys. B 82, 5-8 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, I. S. Golubtsov, W. Liu, A. Becker, N. Akozbek, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, "Self-transformation of a powerful femtosecond laser pulse into a white light laser pulse in bulk optical media (or supercontinuum generation)," Appl. Phys. B 77, 149-165 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

J.-H. Kim and C. H. Nam, "Plasma-induced frequency chirp of intense femtosecond lasers and its role in shaping high-order harmonic spectral lines," Phys. Rev. A 65, 033801 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Rae and K. Burnett, "Detailed simulations of plasma-induced spectral blueshifting," Phys. Rev. A 46, 1084-1090 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E

S. Skupin, G. Stibenz, L. Berge, F. Lederer, T. Sokollic, M. Schnurer, N. Zhavoronkov, and G. Steinmeyer, "Selfcompression by femtosecond pulse filamentation: Experiment versus numerical simulations," Phys. Rev. E 74, 056604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Champeaux and L. Berge, "Femtosecond pulse compression in pressure-gas cells filled with argon," Phys. Rev. E 68, 066603 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

D. Grischkowsky, E. Courtens, and J. A. Amstrong, "Observation of self-steepening of optical pulses with possible shock formation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 31, 422-426 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. JETP

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, "Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field," Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191-1194 (1986).

Other

C. Rulliere, Femtosecond Laser Pulse (Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 1998).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematics of the kHz femtosecond Ti:Sapphire laser with filamentation pulse compressor. (M: mirror, G: grating, CC: concave mirror, CX: convex mirror, SC: silver-coated concave mirror, CM: chirped mirror)

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Gas pressure dependence of spectral broadening from the laser filamentation in an Ar cell for the cases of (a) chirp-free 28-fs pulses and (b) positively chirped 30-fs pulses.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured pulse duration depending on laser chirp and Ar pressure.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Maximum spectral broadening obtained with different laser chirp, and (b) temporal profile and spectral phase of the shortest output pulse obtained with positively chirped 30-fs pulse.

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