Abstract

Non-collinear optical parametric amplification in potassium-titanyl phosphate (KTP) pumped with 800 nm pulses is reported. Broadband phase matching is achieved with non-collinear geometry and a slightly divergent signal seed. This enables a gain bandwidth up to ~2500 cm−1 in near-IR region. Introducing a chirp into the pump pulse makes it possible to amplify the white light seed in a broad spectral region from ~1050 to ~1400 nm simultaneously. Pulse compression to sub-40 fs is readily achieved, while the spectrum should support ~8.5 fs pulses. Angular dispersion of the broadband output is discussed.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2007 (8)

C. P. Hauri, R. B. Lopez-Martens, C. I. Blaga, K. D. Schultz, J. Cryan, R. Chirla, P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, A. M. March, C. Roedig, E. Sistrunk, J. Tate, J. Wheeler, L. R. DiMauro, and E. P. Power, "Intense self-compressed, self-phase-stabilized few-cycle pulses at 2 ?m from an optical filament," Opt. Lett. 32, 868-870 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, L. Luer, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, and G. Cerullo, "High energy self-phase-stabilized pulses tunable in the near-IR by difference frequency generation and optical parametric amplification," Laser and Part. Beams 25, 471-479 (2007).

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, S. Gasilov, G. Sansone, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Millijoule-level phase-stabilized few-optical-cycle infrared parametric source," Opt. Lett. 32, 2957-2959 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Nikolov, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Buchvarov, P. Tzankov, F. Noack, and V. Petrov, "Ultrabroadband continuum amplification in the near infrared using BiB3O6 nonlinear crystals pumped at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 32, 3342-3344 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kraemer, M. L. Cowan, R. Z. Hua, K. Franjic, and R. D. Miller, "High-power femtosecond infrared laser source based on noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 813-818 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Sugita, K. Yokoyama, H. Yamada, N. Inoue, M. Aoyama, and K. Yamakawa, "Generation of broadband mid-infrared pulses by noncollinear difference frequency mixing," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 46, 226-228 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Cirmi, D. Brida, C. Manzoni, M. Marangoni, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, "Few-optical-cycle pulses in the near-infrared from a noncollinear optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Lett. 32, 2396-2398 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, "Generation of broadband mid-infrared pulses from an optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Express 15, 15035-15040 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

2004 (3)

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 79, 569-576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Butkus, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, "Progress in chirped pulse optical parametric amplifiers," Appl. Phys. B 79, 693-700 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Fecko, J. J. Loparo, and A. Tokmakoff, "Generation of 45 femtosecond pulses at 3 ?m with a KNbO3 optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Commun. 241, 521-528 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, "Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

T. D. Chinh, W. Seibt, and K. Siegbahn, "Dot patterns from second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation in polycrystalline ZnSe," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 2612-2614 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

S. Cussat-Blanc, A. Ivanov, D. Lupinski, and E. Freysz, "KTiOPO4, KTiOAsO4, and KNbO3 crystals for mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric amplifiers: analysis and comparison," Appl. Phys. B 70, S247-S252 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Bodlaki and E. Borguet, "Picosecond infrared optical parametric amplifier for nonlinear interface spectroscopy," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 4050-4056 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayashi and A. Shirakawa, "Tunable visible and near-infrared pulse generator in a 5 fs regime," Appl. Phys. B 70, S239-S246 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

S. Takeuchi and T. Kobayashi, "Broad-band near-infrared pulse generation in KTiOPO4," J. Appl. Phys. 75, 2757-2760 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Andreoni, A.

Aoyama, M.

A. Sugita, K. Yokoyama, H. Yamada, N. Inoue, M. Aoyama, and K. Yamakawa, "Generation of broadband mid-infrared pulses by noncollinear difference frequency mixing," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 46, 226-228 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Baltuska, A.

Benedetti, E.

Blaga, C. I.

Bodlaki, D.

D. Bodlaki and E. Borguet, "Picosecond infrared optical parametric amplifier for nonlinear interface spectroscopy," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 4050-4056 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Borguet, E.

D. Bodlaki and E. Borguet, "Picosecond infrared optical parametric amplifier for nonlinear interface spectroscopy," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 4050-4056 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brida, D.

Buchvarov, I.

Butkus, R.

R. Butkus, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, "Progress in chirped pulse optical parametric amplifiers," Appl. Phys. B 79, 693-700 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Calegari, F.

Canalias, C.

M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius, A. Fragemann, C. Canalias, and F. Laurell, "Ultrabroad gain in an optical parametric generator with periodically poled KTiOPO4," Appl. Phys. B 85, 73-77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

Chi, R.

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 79, 569-576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chinh, T. D.

T. D. Chinh, W. Seibt, and K. Siegbahn, "Dot patterns from second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation in polycrystalline ZnSe," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 2612-2614 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chirla, R.

Cirmi, G.

Colosimo, P.

Cowan, M. L.

Cryan, J.

Cussat-Blanc, S.

S. Cussat-Blanc, A. Ivanov, D. Lupinski, and E. Freysz, "KTiOPO4, KTiOAsO4, and KNbO3 crystals for mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric amplifiers: analysis and comparison," Appl. Phys. B 70, S247-S252 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Danielius, R.

De Silvestri, S.

DiMauro, L. R.

Ditrapani, P.

Doumy, G.

Dubietis, A.

Fecko, C. J.

C. J. Fecko, J. J. Loparo, and A. Tokmakoff, "Generation of 45 femtosecond pulses at 3 ?m with a KNbO3 optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Commun. 241, 521-528 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Foggi, P.

Forget, N.

Fragemann, A.

M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius, A. Fragemann, C. Canalias, and F. Laurell, "Ultrabroad gain in an optical parametric generator with periodically poled KTiOPO4," Appl. Phys. B 85, 73-77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Franjic, K.

Freysz, E.

S. Cussat-Blanc, A. Ivanov, D. Lupinski, and E. Freysz, "KTiOPO4, KTiOAsO4, and KNbO3 crystals for mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric amplifiers: analysis and comparison," Appl. Phys. B 70, S247-S252 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fuji, T.

Galvanauskas, A.

Gasilov, S.

Gaydardzhiev, A.

Gu, X.

Guofu, C.

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 79, 569-576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hauri, C. P.

Hongjun, L.

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 79, 569-576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hua, R. Z.

Inoue, N.

A. Sugita, K. Yokoyama, H. Yamada, N. Inoue, M. Aoyama, and K. Yamakawa, "Generation of broadband mid-infrared pulses by noncollinear difference frequency mixing," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 46, 226-228 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, N.

Ivanov, A.

S. Cussat-Blanc, A. Ivanov, D. Lupinski, and E. Freysz, "KTiOPO4, KTiOAsO4, and KNbO3 crystals for mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric amplifiers: analysis and comparison," Appl. Phys. B 70, S247-S252 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kaplan, D.

Kobayashi, T.

Kraemer, D.

Krausz, F.

Laurell, F.

M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius, A. Fragemann, C. Canalias, and F. Laurell, "Ultrabroad gain in an optical parametric generator with periodically poled KTiOPO4," Appl. Phys. B 85, 73-77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Loparo, J. J.

C. J. Fecko, J. J. Loparo, and A. Tokmakoff, "Generation of 45 femtosecond pulses at 3 ?m with a KNbO3 optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Commun. 241, 521-528 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lopez-Martens, R. B.

Luer, L.

C. Vozzi, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, L. Luer, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, and G. Cerullo, "High energy self-phase-stabilized pulses tunable in the near-IR by difference frequency generation and optical parametric amplification," Laser and Part. Beams 25, 471-479 (2007).

Lupinski, D.

S. Cussat-Blanc, A. Ivanov, D. Lupinski, and E. Freysz, "KTiOPO4, KTiOAsO4, and KNbO3 crystals for mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric amplifiers: analysis and comparison," Appl. Phys. B 70, S247-S252 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Manzoni, C.

Marangoni, M.

March, A. M.

Metzger, T.

Miller, R. D.

Nikolov, I.

Nisoli, M.

Noack, F.

Pasiskevicius, V.

M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius, A. Fragemann, C. Canalias, and F. Laurell, "Ultrabroad gain in an optical parametric generator with periodically poled KTiOPO4," Appl. Phys. B 85, 73-77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

Piskarskas, A.

Power, E. P.

Roedig, C.

Sakane, I.

Sansone, G.

Schultz, K. D.

Seibt, W.

T. D. Chinh, W. Seibt, and K. Siegbahn, "Dot patterns from second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation in polycrystalline ZnSe," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 2612-2614 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shirakawa, A.

Siegbahn, K.

T. D. Chinh, W. Seibt, and K. Siegbahn, "Dot patterns from second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation in polycrystalline ZnSe," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 2612-2614 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sistrunk, E.

Solcia, C.

Stabinis, A.

R. Butkus, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, "Progress in chirped pulse optical parametric amplifiers," Appl. Phys. B 79, 693-700 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

Sugita, A.

A. Sugita, K. Yokoyama, H. Yamada, N. Inoue, M. Aoyama, and K. Yamakawa, "Generation of broadband mid-infrared pulses by noncollinear difference frequency mixing," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 46, 226-228 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

Takeuchi, S.

S. Takeuchi and T. Kobayashi, "Broad-band near-infrared pulse generation in KTiOPO4," J. Appl. Phys. 75, 2757-2760 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tate, J.

Teisset, C. Y.

Tiihonen, M.

M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius, A. Fragemann, C. Canalias, and F. Laurell, "Ultrabroad gain in an optical parametric generator with periodically poled KTiOPO4," Appl. Phys. B 85, 73-77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tokmakoff, A.

C. J. Fecko, J. J. Loparo, and A. Tokmakoff, "Generation of 45 femtosecond pulses at 3 ?m with a KNbO3 optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Commun. 241, 521-528 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tzankov, P.

Vozzi, C.

Wei, Z.

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 79, 569-576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wheeler, J.

Yamada, H.

A. Sugita, K. Yokoyama, H. Yamada, N. Inoue, M. Aoyama, and K. Yamakawa, "Generation of broadband mid-infrared pulses by noncollinear difference frequency mixing," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 46, 226-228 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yamakawa, K.

A. Sugita, K. Yokoyama, H. Yamada, N. Inoue, M. Aoyama, and K. Yamakawa, "Generation of broadband mid-infrared pulses by noncollinear difference frequency mixing," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 46, 226-228 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yishan, W.

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 79, 569-576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yokoyama, K.

A. Sugita, K. Yokoyama, H. Yamada, N. Inoue, M. Aoyama, and K. Yamakawa, "Generation of broadband mid-infrared pulses by noncollinear difference frequency mixing," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 46, 226-228 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, C.

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 79, 569-576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (5)

M. Tiihonen, V. Pasiskevicius, A. Fragemann, C. Canalias, and F. Laurell, "Ultrabroad gain in an optical parametric generator with periodically poled KTiOPO4," Appl. Phys. B 85, 73-77 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Hongjun, Z. Wei, C. Guofu, W. Yishan, C. Zhao, and R. Chi, "Investigation of spectral bandwidth of optical parametric amplification," Appl. Phys. B 79, 569-576 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Butkus, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, A. Piskarskas, and A. Stabinis, "Progress in chirped pulse optical parametric amplifiers," Appl. Phys. B 79, 693-700 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Cussat-Blanc, A. Ivanov, D. Lupinski, and E. Freysz, "KTiOPO4, KTiOAsO4, and KNbO3 crystals for mid-infrared femtosecond optical parametric amplifiers: analysis and comparison," Appl. Phys. B 70, S247-S252 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayashi and A. Shirakawa, "Tunable visible and near-infrared pulse generator in a 5 fs regime," Appl. Phys. B 70, S239-S246 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

T. D. Chinh, W. Seibt, and K. Siegbahn, "Dot patterns from second-harmonic and sum-frequency generation in polycrystalline ZnSe," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 2612-2614 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Takeuchi and T. Kobayashi, "Broad-band near-infrared pulse generation in KTiOPO4," J. Appl. Phys. 75, 2757-2760 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys (1)

A. Sugita, K. Yokoyama, H. Yamada, N. Inoue, M. Aoyama, and K. Yamakawa, "Generation of broadband mid-infrared pulses by noncollinear difference frequency mixing," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 46, 226-228 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Laser and Part. Beams (1)

C. Vozzi, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, L. Luer, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, M. Nisoli, and G. Cerullo, "High energy self-phase-stabilized pulses tunable in the near-IR by difference frequency generation and optical parametric amplification," Laser and Part. Beams 25, 471-479 (2007).

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. J. Fecko, J. J. Loparo, and A. Tokmakoff, "Generation of 45 femtosecond pulses at 3 ?m with a KNbO3 optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Commun. 241, 521-528 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (7)

A. Baltuska, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Visible pulse compression to 4 fs by optical parametric amplification and programmable dispersion control," Opt. Lett. 27, 306-308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

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[CrossRef]

Other (2)

A. Smith, "SNLO software package", retrieved February 28, 2008, http://www.as-photonics.com/?q=SNLO.

T. Kobayashi, "Femtosecond noncollinear parametric amplification and carrier-envelope phase control," in Femtosecond Optical Frequency Comb: Principle, Operation and Applications (Springer, 2005), pp. 133-175.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a). Phase matching curves for OPA in KTP (xz-plane, type II, e-signal+o-idler=o-pump) at different non-collinear angles between 800-nm pump and seed. Inset: internal geometry of the three interacting beams with respect to the crystal axes: z - optical axis; α, β -signal-pump and idler-pump non-collinear angles, respectively; θ - phase matching angle between pump and optical axis. (b). Signal-idler GVM δsi at different α.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup: HWP, half-wave plate; PBS, polarizer-beamsplitter; DS, delay stage; SF18, equilateral prisms; S, 2-mm sapphire plate; L, BK7 lenses; FS, 69.06°-apex angle fused silica prisms; F, long-pass filter for blocking λ<1000 nm; AC, autocorrelator. Also shown is the zx-plane of KTP. Double arrows and circled dots represent polarization in the plane of and perpendicular to the drawing, respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Typical spectrum of the full-bandwidth NIR-signal derived from SHG-spectrum off P-ZnSe-surface (see text). We relate the feature at ~1600 nm to imperfect filtering of 800-nm seed component. (b). Autocorrelation of signal on 30-µm-BBO crystal (FWHM 54.5 fs, sech2-pulsewidth ~35.2 fs). Inset: Intensity time-profile of the Fourier transformed spectrum.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Phase matching curves for non-collinear OPA in KTP (xz-plane, type II, e-signal + o-idler=o-pump) at signal-pump non-collinear angles 3.5°, 4.0° and 4.43°. The dashed line represents the direction of the pump beam in the KTP crystal (θ = 48.8°).

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