Abstract

The compression of 300-fs-long, chirp-free laser pulses at 527 nm down to 30 fs is reported. The laser pulses, originated from a frequency-doubled, mode-locked Nd:glass laser, were compressed by a 0.7-m-long, 150-µm-bore-diameter, argon-filled hollow fiber, and a pair of SF10 prisms with a final energy of 160 µJ. These are the shortest, high energy pulses ever produced by direct pulse compression at the central wavelength of 527 nm. The spectral broadening of the pulses propagating inside the hollow fiber was experimentally examined for various filling-gas pressures and input pulse energies. The spectral width of the pulses was broadened up to 25 nm, and 27 nm for argon- and krypton-filled hollow fiber, respectively, at a gas pressure lower than 2 bar. The physical limitations of the hollow-fiber pulse compression technique applied in the visible range are also studied.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Nisoli, S. D. Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 2793-2795 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Yamane, Z. Zhang, K. Oka, R. Morita, M. Yamashita, A. Suguro, "Optical pulse compression to 3.4 fs in the monocycle region by feedback phase compensation," Opt. Lett. 28, 2258-2260 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, U. Keller, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum," Opt. Lett. 28, 1887-1889 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, "Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111116 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F.W. Helbing, A. Hheinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense carrier envelope phase locked few cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. P. Hauri, A. Trisorio, M. Merano, G. Rey, R. B. Lopez-Martens, and G. Mourou, "Generation of high-fidelity, down-chirped sub-10 fs mJ pulses through filamentation for driving relativistic laser-matter interactions at 1 kHz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151125 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. M. Korter, R. Balu, M. B. Campbell, M. C. Beard, S. K. Gregurick, and E. J. Heilweil, "Terahertz spectroscopy of solid serine and cysteine," Chem. Phys. Lett. 418, 65-67 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C.E. Crespo-Hernandez, B. Cohen, and B. Kohler, "Base stacking controls excited-state dynamics in A-T DNA", Nature 436, 1141 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Wang and R. Dragila, "Efficient conversion of picosecond laser pulses into second-harmonic frequency using group-velocity dispersion," Phys. Rev. A 41, 5645 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. Dubietis, G. Valiulis, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, "Nonlinear pulse compression by optical frequency mixing in crystals with second-order nonlinearity," Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 271-279 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, "Tunneling ionization of noble gases in a high-intensity laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212-2215 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2007

2006

C. P. Hauri, A. Trisorio, M. Merano, G. Rey, R. B. Lopez-Martens, and G. Mourou, "Generation of high-fidelity, down-chirped sub-10 fs mJ pulses through filamentation for driving relativistic laser-matter interactions at 1 kHz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Takada and K. Torizuka, "Design and construction of a TW-class 12-fs Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification system," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 201-212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Korter, R. Balu, M. B. Campbell, M. C. Beard, S. K. Gregurick, and E. J. Heilweil, "Terahertz spectroscopy of solid serine and cysteine," Chem. Phys. Lett. 418, 65-67 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

C.E. Crespo-Hernandez, B. Cohen, and B. Kohler, "Base stacking controls excited-state dynamics in A-T DNA", Nature 436, 1141 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hauri, A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, W. Kornelis, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation-parameter dependence," Opt. Express 13, 7541-7547 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, "Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F.W. Helbing, A. Hheinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense carrier envelope phase locked few cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

K. Yamane, Z. Zhang, K. Oka, R. Morita, M. Yamashita, A. Suguro, "Optical pulse compression to 3.4 fs in the monocycle region by feedback phase compensation," Opt. Lett. 28, 2258-2260 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, U. Keller, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum," Opt. Lett. 28, 1887-1889 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998

A. Dubietis, G. Valiulis, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, "Nonlinear pulse compression by optical frequency mixing in crystals with second-order nonlinearity," Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 271-279 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

M. Nisoli, S. D. Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1990

Y. Wang and R. Dragila, "Efficient conversion of picosecond laser pulses into second-harmonic frequency using group-velocity dispersion," Phys. Rev. A 41, 5645 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, "Tunneling ionization of noble gases in a high-intensity laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212-2215 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Altucci, C.

Amoruso, S.

Augst, S.

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, "Tunneling ionization of noble gases in a high-intensity laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212-2215 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balu, R.

T. M. Korter, R. Balu, M. B. Campbell, M. C. Beard, S. K. Gregurick, and E. J. Heilweil, "Terahertz spectroscopy of solid serine and cysteine," Chem. Phys. Lett. 418, 65-67 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Beard, M. C.

T. M. Korter, R. Balu, M. B. Campbell, M. C. Beard, S. K. Gregurick, and E. J. Heilweil, "Terahertz spectroscopy of solid serine and cysteine," Chem. Phys. Lett. 418, 65-67 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Biegert, J.

C. Hauri, A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, W. Kornelis, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation-parameter dependence," Opt. Express 13, 7541-7547 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F.W. Helbing, A. Hheinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense carrier envelope phase locked few cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, U. Keller, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum," Opt. Lett. 28, 1887-1889 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bruzzese, R.

Campbell, M. B.

T. M. Korter, R. Balu, M. B. Campbell, M. C. Beard, S. K. Gregurick, and E. J. Heilweil, "Terahertz spectroscopy of solid serine and cysteine," Chem. Phys. Lett. 418, 65-67 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, "Tunneling ionization of noble gases in a high-intensity laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212-2215 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cohen, B.

C.E. Crespo-Hernandez, B. Cohen, and B. Kohler, "Base stacking controls excited-state dynamics in A-T DNA", Nature 436, 1141 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Couairon, A.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F.W. Helbing, A. Hheinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense carrier envelope phase locked few cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Crespo-Hernandez, C.E.

C.E. Crespo-Hernandez, B. Cohen, and B. Kohler, "Base stacking controls excited-state dynamics in A-T DNA", Nature 436, 1141 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Danielius, R.

A. Dubietis, G. Valiulis, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, "Nonlinear pulse compression by optical frequency mixing in crystals with second-order nonlinearity," Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 271-279 (1998).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, U. Keller, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum," Opt. Lett. 28, 1887-1889 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dragila, R.

Y. Wang and R. Dragila, "Efficient conversion of picosecond laser pulses into second-harmonic frequency using group-velocity dispersion," Phys. Rev. A 41, 5645 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dubietis, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Valiulis, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, "Nonlinear pulse compression by optical frequency mixing in crystals with second-order nonlinearity," Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 271-279 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eberly, J. H.

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, "Tunneling ionization of noble gases in a high-intensity laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212-2215 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eckle, P.

Gregurick, S. K.

T. M. Korter, R. Balu, M. B. Campbell, M. C. Beard, S. K. Gregurick, and E. J. Heilweil, "Terahertz spectroscopy of solid serine and cysteine," Chem. Phys. Lett. 418, 65-67 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Guandalini, A.

Hatayama, M.

A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, "Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hauri, C.

Hauri, C. P.

C. P. Hauri, A. Trisorio, M. Merano, G. Rey, R. B. Lopez-Martens, and G. Mourou, "Generation of high-fidelity, down-chirped sub-10 fs mJ pulses through filamentation for driving relativistic laser-matter interactions at 1 kHz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F.W. Helbing, A. Hheinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense carrier envelope phase locked few cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heilweil, E. J.

T. M. Korter, R. Balu, M. B. Campbell, M. C. Beard, S. K. Gregurick, and E. J. Heilweil, "Terahertz spectroscopy of solid serine and cysteine," Chem. Phys. Lett. 418, 65-67 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Helbing, F.W.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F.W. Helbing, A. Hheinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense carrier envelope phase locked few cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hheinrich, A.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F.W. Helbing, A. Hheinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense carrier envelope phase locked few cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

C. Hauri, A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, W. Kornelis, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation-parameter dependence," Opt. Express 13, 7541-7547 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F.W. Helbing, A. Hheinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense carrier envelope phase locked few cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, U. Keller, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum," Opt. Lett. 28, 1887-1889 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kohler, B.

C.E. Crespo-Hernandez, B. Cohen, and B. Kohler, "Base stacking controls excited-state dynamics in A-T DNA", Nature 436, 1141 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kornelis, W.

C. Hauri, A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, W. Kornelis, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation-parameter dependence," Opt. Express 13, 7541-7547 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F.W. Helbing, A. Hheinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense carrier envelope phase locked few cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Korter, T. M.

T. M. Korter, R. Balu, M. B. Campbell, M. C. Beard, S. K. Gregurick, and E. J. Heilweil, "Terahertz spectroscopy of solid serine and cysteine," Chem. Phys. Lett. 418, 65-67 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lopez-Martens, R. B.

C. P. Hauri, A. Trisorio, M. Merano, G. Rey, R. B. Lopez-Martens, and G. Mourou, "Generation of high-fidelity, down-chirped sub-10 fs mJ pulses through filamentation for driving relativistic laser-matter interactions at 1 kHz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Merano, M.

C. P. Hauri, A. Trisorio, M. Merano, G. Rey, R. B. Lopez-Martens, and G. Mourou, "Generation of high-fidelity, down-chirped sub-10 fs mJ pulses through filamentation for driving relativistic laser-matter interactions at 1 kHz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Meyerhofer, D. D.

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, "Tunneling ionization of noble gases in a high-intensity laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212-2215 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Midorikawa, K.

A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, "Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Morita, R.

Mourou, G.

C. P. Hauri, A. Trisorio, M. Merano, G. Rey, R. B. Lopez-Martens, and G. Mourou, "Generation of high-fidelity, down-chirped sub-10 fs mJ pulses through filamentation for driving relativistic laser-matter interactions at 1 kHz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F.W. Helbing, A. Hheinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense carrier envelope phase locked few cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nagasaka, K.

A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, "Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

I. Procino, R. Velotta, C. Altucci, S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, X. Wang, V. Tosa, G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, and M. Nisoli, "Hollow-fiber compression of visible, 200 fs laser pulses to 40 fs pulse duration," Opt. Lett. 32, 1866-1868 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, U. Keller, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum," Opt. Lett. 28, 1887-1889 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. D. Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Oka, K.

Piskarskas, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Valiulis, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, "Nonlinear pulse compression by optical frequency mixing in crystals with second-order nonlinearity," Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 271-279 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Procino, I.

Rey, G.

C. P. Hauri, A. Trisorio, M. Merano, G. Rey, R. B. Lopez-Martens, and G. Mourou, "Generation of high-fidelity, down-chirped sub-10 fs mJ pulses through filamentation for driving relativistic laser-matter interactions at 1 kHz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sansone, G.

I. Procino, R. Velotta, C. Altucci, S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, X. Wang, V. Tosa, G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, and M. Nisoli, "Hollow-fiber compression of visible, 200 fs laser pulses to 40 fs pulse duration," Opt. Lett. 32, 1866-1868 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, U. Keller, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum," Opt. Lett. 28, 1887-1889 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schenkel, B.

B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, U. Keller, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum," Opt. Lett. 28, 1887-1889 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Silvestri, S. D.

M. Nisoli, S. D. Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, U. Keller, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum," Opt. Lett. 28, 1887-1889 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Strickland, D.

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, "Tunneling ionization of noble gases in a high-intensity laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212-2215 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suda, A.

A. Suda, M. Hatayama, K. Nagasaka, and K. Midorikawa, "Generation of sub-10-fs, 5-mJ-optical pulses using a hollow fiber with a pressure gradient," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Suguro, A.

Svelto, O.

B. Schenkel, J. Biegert, U. Keller, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of 3.8-fs pulses from adaptive compression of a cascaded hollow fiber supercontinuum," Opt. Lett. 28, 1887-1889 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. D. Silvestri, and O. Svelto, "Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique," Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 2793-2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Takada, H.

H. Takada and K. Torizuka, "Design and construction of a TW-class 12-fs Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification system," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 201-212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Torizuka, K.

H. Takada and K. Torizuka, "Design and construction of a TW-class 12-fs Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification system," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 201-212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tosa, V.

Trisorio, A.

C. P. Hauri, A. Trisorio, M. Merano, G. Rey, R. B. Lopez-Martens, and G. Mourou, "Generation of high-fidelity, down-chirped sub-10 fs mJ pulses through filamentation for driving relativistic laser-matter interactions at 1 kHz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 151125 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Valiulis, G.

A. Dubietis, G. Valiulis, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, "Nonlinear pulse compression by optical frequency mixing in crystals with second-order nonlinearity," Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 271-279 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Velotta, R.

Vozzi, C.

I. Procino, R. Velotta, C. Altucci, S. Amoruso, R. Bruzzese, X. Wang, V. Tosa, G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, and M. Nisoli, "Hollow-fiber compression of visible, 200 fs laser pulses to 40 fs pulse duration," Opt. Lett. 32, 1866-1868 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scheme of the experimental setup. BS: beam splitter; L: lens; M: mirror.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Measured (solid) and corresponding simulated (dashed) pulse optical spectrum in the best experimental conditions. (b) Spectral width.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spectral width of the fiber output pulses as a function of the coupled energy.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Pulse duration versus the pulse energy coupled into the fiber.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) 2D autocorrelation pattern of the compressed pulses. (b) Spatially integrated autocorrelation traces of the compressed pulse. (c) Autocorrelation trace of the compressed pulse as read at the spatial centre of the wavefront.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Retrieved temporal shape of the pulse intensity profile (solid) and phase (dashed).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Measured pulse energy at the fiber output and measured efficiency of optical propagation through the hollow fiber as a function of the input pulse energy. Solid circles and line: pulse energy at the fiber output versus the input pulse energy. Squares and solid line: optical propagation efficiency versus the input pulse energy. Dashed line: theoretical pulse energy at the fiber output in the case of propagation of the pure fundamental fiber mode.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

(a) Normalized frequency versus filling-gas pressure at the differently initial pulse energy. (b) Fiber output power in the fundamental mode

Equations (2)

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α = ( 2.405 2 π ) 2 λ 2 a 3 v 2 + 1 v 2 1 ,
V = 2 π λ a n core 2 n cladding 2 2 π λ a 2 n 2 I 0 ,

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