Abstract

Light wave propagation in third-order nonlinear media with applied external electric field is investigated. Interplay between the nonlinear electro-optic and all-optical effects is examined theoretically. Energy exchange between the orthogonal light polarizations, the cross polarization conversion, results. The assisting external field acts as either the effect-enhancing or functionality-controlling parameter. Various materials such as silica glass, silicon, other bulk and quantum well semiconductors, organic materials, and particle-doped nanostructures are referred to as possible candidates for device implementations. Numerical estimates of achievable parameters in a selected suitable material are discussed.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2007 (1)

M. Qasymeh, M. Cada and S. Ponomarenko, "Quadratic electro-optic Kerr effect: Applications to photonic devices," sub. IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2007).

2006 (1)

H. Rajagopalan, P. Vippa and M. Thakur, "Quadratic electro-optic effect in a nano-optical material based on the nonconjugated conductive polymer Poly (? -pinene)," Appl. Phys. Lett,  88, 331091-3 (2006).

2005 (4)

Q. Chen, L. Kuang, E. H. Sargent and Z. Y. Wang, "Ultrafast nonresonant third-order optical nonlinearity of fullerene-containing polyurethane films at telecommunication wavelengths," Opt. Lett.,  30, 3057-3059 (2005).

M. Cada, "Nonlinear optical devices," Optica Pura i Aplicada 38, 1-11 (2005).

M. Cada, "Switching mirror in the CdTe-based photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 11101-2 (2005).

A. Wadehra and S. K. Gish, "A density functional theory-based chemical potential equalization approach to molecular polarizability," J. Chem. Sci. 117, 401-409 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. Loicq, Y. Renotte, J.-L. Delplancke and Y. Lion, "Non-linear optical measurements and crystalline characterization of CdTe nanoparticles produced by the ‘electropulse’ technique," New J. Phys. 6, 1-13 (2004).

2002 (1)

G. V. Prakash, M. Cazzanelli, Z. Gaburro, L. Pavesi, F. Iacona, G. Franzo and F. Priolo, "Nonlinear optical properties of silicon nanocrystals grown by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4607-4615 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

Y. P. Rakovich, M. V. Artemyev, A. G. Rolo, M. I. Vasilevskiy and M. J. M. Gomes, "Third-order optical nonlinearity in thin films of CdS nanocrystals," Phys. Status Sololidi 224, 319-324 (2001).

2000 (2)

E. Garmire, "Resonant optical nonlinearities in semiconductors", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1094-1110 (2000).

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maak, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien and D. E. Bossi, "A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiber-optic communications systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69-82 (2000).

1997 (2)

1994 (2)

H. A. Haus, E.P. Ippen, and K. Tamura, "Additive-pulse modelocking in fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200-208 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, "Nonlinear optical frequency conversion," Physics Today 47, 25-32 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

S. Ohtsuka, T. Koyama, K. Tsunemoto, H. Nagata and S. Tanaka, "Nonlinear optical properties of CdTe microcrystallites doped glasses fabricated by laser evaporation method," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2953-2954 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1987 (1)

C. C. Shang and H. Hsu, "The spatial symmetric forms of third-order nonlinear susceptibility," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 177-179 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1984 (1)

K. L. Sala, "Nonlinear refractive-index phenomena in isotropic media subjected to a dc electric field: Exact solutions," Phys. Rev. A. 29, 1944-1954 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

1982 (1)

1981 (1)

Artemyev, M. V.

Y. P. Rakovich, M. V. Artemyev, A. G. Rolo, M. I. Vasilevskiy and M. J. M. Gomes, "Third-order optical nonlinearity in thin films of CdS nanocrystals," Phys. Status Sololidi 224, 319-324 (2001).

Ashkin, A.

Attanasio, D. V.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maak, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien and D. E. Bossi, "A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiber-optic communications systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69-82 (2000).

Balant, A. C.

Bossi, D. E.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maak, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien and D. E. Bossi, "A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiber-optic communications systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69-82 (2000).

Botineau, J.

Cada, M.

M. Qasymeh, M. Cada and S. Ponomarenko, "Quadratic electro-optic Kerr effect: Applications to photonic devices," sub. IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2007).

M. Cada, "Nonlinear optical devices," Optica Pura i Aplicada 38, 1-11 (2005).

M. Cada, "Switching mirror in the CdTe-based photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 11101-2 (2005).

Cazzanelli, M.

G. V. Prakash, M. Cazzanelli, Z. Gaburro, L. Pavesi, F. Iacona, G. Franzo and F. Priolo, "Nonlinear optical properties of silicon nanocrystals grown by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4607-4615 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Q.

Delplancke, J.-L.

J. Loicq, Y. Renotte, J.-L. Delplancke and Y. Lion, "Non-linear optical measurements and crystalline characterization of CdTe nanoparticles produced by the ‘electropulse’ technique," New J. Phys. 6, 1-13 (2004).

Dziedzic, J. M.

Fejer, M. M.

M. M. Fejer, "Nonlinear optical frequency conversion," Physics Today 47, 25-32 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

Franzo, G.

G. V. Prakash, M. Cazzanelli, Z. Gaburro, L. Pavesi, F. Iacona, G. Franzo and F. Priolo, "Nonlinear optical properties of silicon nanocrystals grown by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4607-4615 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fritz, D. J.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maak, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien and D. E. Bossi, "A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiber-optic communications systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69-82 (2000).

Gaburro, Z.

G. V. Prakash, M. Cazzanelli, Z. Gaburro, L. Pavesi, F. Iacona, G. Franzo and F. Priolo, "Nonlinear optical properties of silicon nanocrystals grown by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4607-4615 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Garmire, E.

E. Garmire, "Resonant optical nonlinearities in semiconductors", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1094-1110 (2000).

Gish, S. K.

A. Wadehra and S. K. Gish, "A density functional theory-based chemical potential equalization approach to molecular polarizability," J. Chem. Sci. 117, 401-409 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gomes, M. J. M.

Y. P. Rakovich, M. V. Artemyev, A. G. Rolo, M. I. Vasilevskiy and M. J. M. Gomes, "Third-order optical nonlinearity in thin films of CdS nanocrystals," Phys. Status Sololidi 224, 319-324 (2001).

Grischkowsky, D.

Haberl, M. E.

Hallemeier, P. F.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maak, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien and D. E. Bossi, "A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiber-optic communications systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69-82 (2000).

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, E.P. Ippen, and K. Tamura, "Additive-pulse modelocking in fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200-208 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hofer, M.

Horowitz, M.

Hsu, H.

C. C. Shang and H. Hsu, "The spatial symmetric forms of third-order nonlinear susceptibility," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 177-179 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hu, A.

Iacona, F.

G. V. Prakash, M. Cazzanelli, Z. Gaburro, L. Pavesi, F. Iacona, G. Franzo and F. Priolo, "Nonlinear optical properties of silicon nanocrystals grown by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4607-4615 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E.P.

H. A. Haus, E.P. Ippen, and K. Tamura, "Additive-pulse modelocking in fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200-208 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

Kissa, K. M.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maak, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien and D. E. Bossi, "A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiber-optic communications systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69-82 (2000).

Koyama, T.

S. Ohtsuka, T. Koyama, K. Tsunemoto, H. Nagata and S. Tanaka, "Nonlinear optical properties of CdTe microcrystallites doped glasses fabricated by laser evaporation method," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2953-2954 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kuang, L.

Lafaw, D. A.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maak, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien and D. E. Bossi, "A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiber-optic communications systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69-82 (2000).

Lion, Y.

J. Loicq, Y. Renotte, J.-L. Delplancke and Y. Lion, "Non-linear optical measurements and crystalline characterization of CdTe nanoparticles produced by the ‘electropulse’ technique," New J. Phys. 6, 1-13 (2004).

Loicq, J.

J. Loicq, Y. Renotte, J.-L. Delplancke and Y. Lion, "Non-linear optical measurements and crystalline characterization of CdTe nanoparticles produced by the ‘electropulse’ technique," New J. Phys. 6, 1-13 (2004).

Maak, D.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maak, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien and D. E. Bossi, "A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiber-optic communications systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69-82 (2000).

McBrien, G. J.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maak, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien and D. E. Bossi, "A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiber-optic communications systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69-82 (2000).

Murphy, E. J.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maak, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien and D. E. Bossi, "A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiber-optic communications systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69-82 (2000).

Nagata, H.

S. Ohtsuka, T. Koyama, K. Tsunemoto, H. Nagata and S. Tanaka, "Nonlinear optical properties of CdTe microcrystallites doped glasses fabricated by laser evaporation method," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2953-2954 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nickolaus, B.

Ober, M. H.

Ohtsuka, S.

S. Ohtsuka, T. Koyama, K. Tsunemoto, H. Nagata and S. Tanaka, "Nonlinear optical properties of CdTe microcrystallites doped glasses fabricated by laser evaporation method," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2953-2954 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Pavesi, L.

G. V. Prakash, M. Cazzanelli, Z. Gaburro, L. Pavesi, F. Iacona, G. Franzo and F. Priolo, "Nonlinear optical properties of silicon nanocrystals grown by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4607-4615 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ponomarenko, S.

M. Qasymeh, M. Cada and S. Ponomarenko, "Quadratic electro-optic Kerr effect: Applications to photonic devices," sub. IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2007).

Prakash, G. V.

G. V. Prakash, M. Cazzanelli, Z. Gaburro, L. Pavesi, F. Iacona, G. Franzo and F. Priolo, "Nonlinear optical properties of silicon nanocrystals grown by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4607-4615 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Priolo, F.

G. V. Prakash, M. Cazzanelli, Z. Gaburro, L. Pavesi, F. Iacona, G. Franzo and F. Priolo, "Nonlinear optical properties of silicon nanocrystals grown by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 4607-4615 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pruneri, V.

Qasymeh, M.

M. Qasymeh, M. Cada and S. Ponomarenko, "Quadratic electro-optic Kerr effect: Applications to photonic devices," sub. IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2007).

Rajagopalan, H.

H. Rajagopalan, P. Vippa and M. Thakur, "Quadratic electro-optic effect in a nano-optical material based on the nonconjugated conductive polymer Poly (? -pinene)," Appl. Phys. Lett,  88, 331091-3 (2006).

Rakovich, Y. P.

Y. P. Rakovich, M. V. Artemyev, A. G. Rolo, M. I. Vasilevskiy and M. J. M. Gomes, "Third-order optical nonlinearity in thin films of CdS nanocrystals," Phys. Status Sololidi 224, 319-324 (2001).

Renotte, Y.

J. Loicq, Y. Renotte, J.-L. Delplancke and Y. Lion, "Non-linear optical measurements and crystalline characterization of CdTe nanoparticles produced by the ‘electropulse’ technique," New J. Phys. 6, 1-13 (2004).

Rolo, A. G.

Y. P. Rakovich, M. V. Artemyev, A. G. Rolo, M. I. Vasilevskiy and M. J. M. Gomes, "Third-order optical nonlinearity in thin films of CdS nanocrystals," Phys. Status Sololidi 224, 319-324 (2001).

Sala, K. L.

K. L. Sala, "Nonlinear refractive-index phenomena in isotropic media subjected to a dc electric field: Exact solutions," Phys. Rev. A. 29, 1944-1954 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sargent, E. H.

Schmidt, A. J.

Shang, C. C.

C. C. Shang and H. Hsu, "The spatial symmetric forms of third-order nonlinear susceptibility," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 177-179 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

Stolen, R. H.

Stolen, R.H.

Tamura, K.

H. A. Haus, E.P. Ippen, and K. Tamura, "Additive-pulse modelocking in fiber lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 200-208 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, S.

S. Ohtsuka, T. Koyama, K. Tsunemoto, H. Nagata and S. Tanaka, "Nonlinear optical properties of CdTe microcrystallites doped glasses fabricated by laser evaporation method," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2953-2954 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Thakur, M.

H. Rajagopalan, P. Vippa and M. Thakur, "Quadratic electro-optic effect in a nano-optical material based on the nonconjugated conductive polymer Poly (? -pinene)," Appl. Phys. Lett,  88, 331091-3 (2006).

Tsunemoto, K.

S. Ohtsuka, T. Koyama, K. Tsunemoto, H. Nagata and S. Tanaka, "Nonlinear optical properties of CdTe microcrystallites doped glasses fabricated by laser evaporation method," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2953-2954 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Vasilevskiy, M. I.

Y. P. Rakovich, M. V. Artemyev, A. G. Rolo, M. I. Vasilevskiy and M. J. M. Gomes, "Third-order optical nonlinearity in thin films of CdS nanocrystals," Phys. Status Sololidi 224, 319-324 (2001).

Vippa, P.

H. Rajagopalan, P. Vippa and M. Thakur, "Quadratic electro-optic effect in a nano-optical material based on the nonconjugated conductive polymer Poly (? -pinene)," Appl. Phys. Lett,  88, 331091-3 (2006).

Wadehra, A.

A. Wadehra and S. K. Gish, "A density functional theory-based chemical potential equalization approach to molecular polarizability," J. Chem. Sci. 117, 401-409 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. Y.

Winful, H. G.

Wooten, E. L.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maak, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien and D. E. Bossi, "A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiber-optic communications systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69-82 (2000).

Yi-Yan, A.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maak, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien and D. E. Bossi, "A review of lithium niobate modulators for fiber-optic communications systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 69-82 (2000).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett (1)

H. Rajagopalan, P. Vippa and M. Thakur, "Quadratic electro-optic effect in a nano-optical material based on the nonconjugated conductive polymer Poly (? -pinene)," Appl. Phys. Lett,  88, 331091-3 (2006).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Ohtsuka, T. Koyama, K. Tsunemoto, H. Nagata and S. Tanaka, "Nonlinear optical properties of CdTe microcrystallites doped glasses fabricated by laser evaporation method," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2953-2954 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Cada, "Switching mirror in the CdTe-based photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 11101-2 (2005).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

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