Abstract

In this paper, a high power blue laser at 447 nm was obtained by intracavity sum-frequency-mixing of a diode-side-pumped Q-switched Nd:YAlO3 (Nd:YAP) laser operating at 1341.4 nm. A type-I critical phase matching LiB3O5 (LBO) crystal and type-II critical phase matching KTiOPO4 (KTP) crystal were used for second harmonic generation and third harmonic generation, respectively. The phase matching condition of the KTP crystal was researched. The results show that the KTP has superiority in intracavity sum-frequency-mixing blue light generation. 4.76 W blue light output was achieved at 4.6 kHz with the pulse width of 190ns. The fluctuation of output power was better than 3% at the output power of 4.76 W during half an hour.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Y. Fan and R. Byer, "Continuous-wave operation of a room-temperature, diode-laser-pumped, 946-nm Nd:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 12, 809-811 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. Czeranowsky, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, "All-solid-state continuous-wave frequency-doubled Nd:YAG BiBO laser with 2.8-W output power at 473 nm," Opt. Lett. 28, 432-434 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. X. Lia, D. H. Lia, Z. G. Zhang, and S. W. Zhang, "Diode-pumped high-power cw blue laser at 473 nm with a compact three-element cavity," Opt. Commun. 215, 159-162 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Chen, H. Peng, W. Hou, Q. Peng, A. Geng, L. Guo, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, "3.8Wof cw blue light generated by intracavity frequency doubling of a 946-nm Nd:YAG laser with LBO," Appl. Phys. B 83, 241-243 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. Jia, Q. Xue, Q. Zheng, Y. Bu, and L. Qian, "5.3Wdeep-blue light generation by intra-cavity frequency doubling of Nd:GdVO4," Appl. Phys. B 83, 245-247 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. F. Chen, Y. S. Chen, T. H. Ou, and K. W. Su, "Compact efficient diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 Q-switched blue laser with intracavity frequency tripling," Appl. Phys. B 81, 517-520 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. B. Peng, W. Hou, Y. H. Chen, D. F. Cui, Z. Y. Xu, C. T. Chen, F. D. Fan, and Y. Zhu, "Generation of 7.6-W blue laser by frequency tripling of a Nd:YAG laser in LBO crystals," Opt. Express 14, 6543-6549 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Z. P. Sun, R. N. Li, Y. Bi, X. D. Yang, Y. Bo, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, H. B. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, "Generation of 4.3-W coherent blue light by frequency-tripling of a side-pumped Nd:YAG laser in LBO crystals," Opt. Express 12, 6428-6433 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Li, "All-solid-state continuous wave intracavity frequency-tripled Nd:YVO4-LiB3O4 blue laser using double-resonant approach," Opt. Commun. 277, 114-117 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zheng, W. J. Zhang and Q. J. Ye, "Comparision of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transitions from 4F3/2 -4I11/ 2 and 4F3/2 -4I13/ 2, " Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1937-1938 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Y. Zhu, C. H. Huang, G. Zhang, Y. Wei, L. X. Huang, J. Chen, W. D. Chen, and Z. Q. Chen, "High-power CW diode-side-pumped 1341 nm Nd:YAP laser," Opt. Commun. 270, 296-300(2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Sandia National Laboratories, "SNLO Software," http://www.sandia.gov/imrl/XWEB1128/snloftp.htm

2007

J. Li, "All-solid-state continuous wave intracavity frequency-tripled Nd:YVO4-LiB3O4 blue laser using double-resonant approach," Opt. Commun. 277, 114-117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Zhu, C. H. Huang, G. Zhang, Y. Wei, L. X. Huang, J. Chen, W. D. Chen, and Z. Q. Chen, "High-power CW diode-side-pumped 1341 nm Nd:YAP laser," Opt. Commun. 270, 296-300(2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

H. B. Peng, W. Hou, Y. H. Chen, D. F. Cui, Z. Y. Xu, C. T. Chen, F. D. Fan, and Y. Zhu, "Generation of 7.6-W blue laser by frequency tripling of a Nd:YAG laser in LBO crystals," Opt. Express 14, 6543-6549 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, H. Peng, W. Hou, Q. Peng, A. Geng, L. Guo, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, "3.8Wof cw blue light generated by intracavity frequency doubling of a 946-nm Nd:YAG laser with LBO," Appl. Phys. B 83, 241-243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Jia, Q. Xue, Q. Zheng, Y. Bu, and L. Qian, "5.3Wdeep-blue light generation by intra-cavity frequency doubling of Nd:GdVO4," Appl. Phys. B 83, 245-247 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

Y. F. Chen, Y. S. Chen, T. H. Ou, and K. W. Su, "Compact efficient diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 Q-switched blue laser with intracavity frequency tripling," Appl. Phys. B 81, 517-520 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

C. Czeranowsky, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, "All-solid-state continuous-wave frequency-doubled Nd:YAG BiBO laser with 2.8-W output power at 473 nm," Opt. Lett. 28, 432-434 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. X. Lia, D. H. Lia, Z. G. Zhang, and S. W. Zhang, "Diode-pumped high-power cw blue laser at 473 nm with a compact three-element cavity," Opt. Commun. 215, 159-162 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1990

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zheng, W. J. Zhang and Q. J. Ye, "Comparision of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transitions from 4F3/2 -4I11/ 2 and 4F3/2 -4I13/ 2, " Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1937-1938 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987

Bi, Y.

Bo, Y.

Bu, Y.

F. Jia, Q. Xue, Q. Zheng, Y. Bu, and L. Qian, "5.3Wdeep-blue light generation by intra-cavity frequency doubling of Nd:GdVO4," Appl. Phys. B 83, 245-247 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R.

Chen, C. T.

Chen, J.

H. Y. Zhu, C. H. Huang, G. Zhang, Y. Wei, L. X. Huang, J. Chen, W. D. Chen, and Z. Q. Chen, "High-power CW diode-side-pumped 1341 nm Nd:YAP laser," Opt. Commun. 270, 296-300(2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W. D.

H. Y. Zhu, C. H. Huang, G. Zhang, Y. Wei, L. X. Huang, J. Chen, W. D. Chen, and Z. Q. Chen, "High-power CW diode-side-pumped 1341 nm Nd:YAP laser," Opt. Commun. 270, 296-300(2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, H. Peng, W. Hou, Q. Peng, A. Geng, L. Guo, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, "3.8Wof cw blue light generated by intracavity frequency doubling of a 946-nm Nd:YAG laser with LBO," Appl. Phys. B 83, 241-243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Y. F. Chen, Y. S. Chen, T. H. Ou, and K. W. Su, "Compact efficient diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 Q-switched blue laser with intracavity frequency tripling," Appl. Phys. B 81, 517-520 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. H.

Chen, Y. S.

Y. F. Chen, Y. S. Chen, T. H. Ou, and K. W. Su, "Compact efficient diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 Q-switched blue laser with intracavity frequency tripling," Appl. Phys. B 81, 517-520 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z. Q.

H. Y. Zhu, C. H. Huang, G. Zhang, Y. Wei, L. X. Huang, J. Chen, W. D. Chen, and Z. Q. Chen, "High-power CW diode-side-pumped 1341 nm Nd:YAP laser," Opt. Commun. 270, 296-300(2007).
[CrossRef]

Cui, D.

Y. Chen, H. Peng, W. Hou, Q. Peng, A. Geng, L. Guo, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, "3.8Wof cw blue light generated by intracavity frequency doubling of a 946-nm Nd:YAG laser with LBO," Appl. Phys. B 83, 241-243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cui, D. F.

Czeranowsky, C.

Fan, F. D.

Fan, T. Y.

Geng, A.

Y. Chen, H. Peng, W. Hou, Q. Peng, A. Geng, L. Guo, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, "3.8Wof cw blue light generated by intracavity frequency doubling of a 946-nm Nd:YAG laser with LBO," Appl. Phys. B 83, 241-243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Guo, L.

Y. Chen, H. Peng, W. Hou, Q. Peng, A. Geng, L. Guo, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, "3.8Wof cw blue light generated by intracavity frequency doubling of a 946-nm Nd:YAG laser with LBO," Appl. Phys. B 83, 241-243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

Hou, W.

Huang, C. H.

H. Y. Zhu, C. H. Huang, G. Zhang, Y. Wei, L. X. Huang, J. Chen, W. D. Chen, and Z. Q. Chen, "High-power CW diode-side-pumped 1341 nm Nd:YAP laser," Opt. Commun. 270, 296-300(2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zheng, W. J. Zhang and Q. J. Ye, "Comparision of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transitions from 4F3/2 -4I11/ 2 and 4F3/2 -4I13/ 2, " Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1937-1938 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Huang, L. X.

H. Y. Zhu, C. H. Huang, G. Zhang, Y. Wei, L. X. Huang, J. Chen, W. D. Chen, and Z. Q. Chen, "High-power CW diode-side-pumped 1341 nm Nd:YAP laser," Opt. Commun. 270, 296-300(2007).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

Jia, F.

F. Jia, Q. Xue, Q. Zheng, Y. Bu, and L. Qian, "5.3Wdeep-blue light generation by intra-cavity frequency doubling of Nd:GdVO4," Appl. Phys. B 83, 245-247 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. Li, "All-solid-state continuous wave intracavity frequency-tripled Nd:YVO4-LiB3O4 blue laser using double-resonant approach," Opt. Commun. 277, 114-117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, R. N.

Lia, D. H.

P. X. Lia, D. H. Lia, Z. G. Zhang, and S. W. Zhang, "Diode-pumped high-power cw blue laser at 473 nm with a compact three-element cavity," Opt. Commun. 215, 159-162 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lia, P. X.

P. X. Lia, D. H. Lia, Z. G. Zhang, and S. W. Zhang, "Diode-pumped high-power cw blue laser at 473 nm with a compact three-element cavity," Opt. Commun. 215, 159-162 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lin, X. C.

Ou, T. H.

Y. F. Chen, Y. S. Chen, T. H. Ou, and K. W. Su, "Compact efficient diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 Q-switched blue laser with intracavity frequency tripling," Appl. Phys. B 81, 517-520 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Peng, H.

Y. Chen, H. Peng, W. Hou, Q. Peng, A. Geng, L. Guo, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, "3.8Wof cw blue light generated by intracavity frequency doubling of a 946-nm Nd:YAG laser with LBO," Appl. Phys. B 83, 241-243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Peng, H. B.

Peng, Q.

Y. Chen, H. Peng, W. Hou, Q. Peng, A. Geng, L. Guo, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, "3.8Wof cw blue light generated by intracavity frequency doubling of a 946-nm Nd:YAG laser with LBO," Appl. Phys. B 83, 241-243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Qian, L.

F. Jia, Q. Xue, Q. Zheng, Y. Bu, and L. Qian, "5.3Wdeep-blue light generation by intra-cavity frequency doubling of Nd:GdVO4," Appl. Phys. B 83, 245-247 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shen, H. Y.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zheng, W. J. Zhang and Q. J. Ye, "Comparision of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transitions from 4F3/2 -4I11/ 2 and 4F3/2 -4I13/ 2, " Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1937-1938 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Su, K. W.

Y. F. Chen, Y. S. Chen, T. H. Ou, and K. W. Su, "Compact efficient diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 Q-switched blue laser with intracavity frequency tripling," Appl. Phys. B 81, 517-520 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Z. P.

Wei, Y.

H. Y. Zhu, C. H. Huang, G. Zhang, Y. Wei, L. X. Huang, J. Chen, W. D. Chen, and Z. Q. Chen, "High-power CW diode-side-pumped 1341 nm Nd:YAP laser," Opt. Commun. 270, 296-300(2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

Y. Chen, H. Peng, W. Hou, Q. Peng, A. Geng, L. Guo, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, "3.8Wof cw blue light generated by intracavity frequency doubling of a 946-nm Nd:YAG laser with LBO," Appl. Phys. B 83, 241-243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z. Y.

Xue, Q.

F. Jia, Q. Xue, Q. Zheng, Y. Bu, and L. Qian, "5.3Wdeep-blue light generation by intra-cavity frequency doubling of Nd:GdVO4," Appl. Phys. B 83, 245-247 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X. D.

Ye, Q. J.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zheng, W. J. Zhang and Q. J. Ye, "Comparision of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transitions from 4F3/2 -4I11/ 2 and 4F3/2 -4I13/ 2, " Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1937-1938 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yu, G. F.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zheng, W. J. Zhang and Q. J. Ye, "Comparision of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transitions from 4F3/2 -4I11/ 2 and 4F3/2 -4I13/ 2, " Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1937-1938 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, R. R.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zheng, W. J. Zhang and Q. J. Ye, "Comparision of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transitions from 4F3/2 -4I11/ 2 and 4F3/2 -4I13/ 2, " Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1937-1938 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

H. Y. Zhu, C. H. Huang, G. Zhang, Y. Wei, L. X. Huang, J. Chen, W. D. Chen, and Z. Q. Chen, "High-power CW diode-side-pumped 1341 nm Nd:YAP laser," Opt. Commun. 270, 296-300(2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. B.

Zhang, S. W.

P. X. Lia, D. H. Lia, Z. G. Zhang, and S. W. Zhang, "Diode-pumped high-power cw blue laser at 473 nm with a compact three-element cavity," Opt. Commun. 215, 159-162 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W. J.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zheng, W. J. Zhang and Q. J. Ye, "Comparision of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transitions from 4F3/2 -4I11/ 2 and 4F3/2 -4I13/ 2, " Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1937-1938 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z. G.

P. X. Lia, D. H. Lia, Z. G. Zhang, and S. W. Zhang, "Diode-pumped high-power cw blue laser at 473 nm with a compact three-element cavity," Opt. Commun. 215, 159-162 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Q.

F. Jia, Q. Xue, Q. Zheng, Y. Bu, and L. Qian, "5.3Wdeep-blue light generation by intra-cavity frequency doubling of Nd:GdVO4," Appl. Phys. B 83, 245-247 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Z. D.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zheng, W. J. Zhang and Q. J. Ye, "Comparision of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transitions from 4F3/2 -4I11/ 2 and 4F3/2 -4I13/ 2, " Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1937-1938 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y. P.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zheng, W. J. Zhang and Q. J. Ye, "Comparision of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transitions from 4F3/2 -4I11/ 2 and 4F3/2 -4I13/ 2, " Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1937-1938 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, H. Y.

H. Y. Zhu, C. H. Huang, G. Zhang, Y. Wei, L. X. Huang, J. Chen, W. D. Chen, and Z. Q. Chen, "High-power CW diode-side-pumped 1341 nm Nd:YAP laser," Opt. Commun. 270, 296-300(2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

Appl. Phys. B

Y. Chen, H. Peng, W. Hou, Q. Peng, A. Geng, L. Guo, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, "3.8Wof cw blue light generated by intracavity frequency doubling of a 946-nm Nd:YAG laser with LBO," Appl. Phys. B 83, 241-243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Jia, Q. Xue, Q. Zheng, Y. Bu, and L. Qian, "5.3Wdeep-blue light generation by intra-cavity frequency doubling of Nd:GdVO4," Appl. Phys. B 83, 245-247 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, Y. S. Chen, T. H. Ou, and K. W. Su, "Compact efficient diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 Q-switched blue laser with intracavity frequency tripling," Appl. Phys. B 81, 517-520 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zheng, W. J. Zhang and Q. J. Ye, "Comparision of simultaneous multiple wavelength lasing in various neodymium host crystals at transitions from 4F3/2 -4I11/ 2 and 4F3/2 -4I13/ 2, " Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1937-1938 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

H. Y. Zhu, C. H. Huang, G. Zhang, Y. Wei, L. X. Huang, J. Chen, W. D. Chen, and Z. Q. Chen, "High-power CW diode-side-pumped 1341 nm Nd:YAP laser," Opt. Commun. 270, 296-300(2007).
[CrossRef]

P. X. Lia, D. H. Lia, Z. G. Zhang, and S. W. Zhang, "Diode-pumped high-power cw blue laser at 473 nm with a compact three-element cavity," Opt. Commun. 215, 159-162 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, "All-solid-state continuous wave intracavity frequency-tripled Nd:YVO4-LiB3O4 blue laser using double-resonant approach," Opt. Commun. 277, 114-117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

Sandia National Laboratories, "SNLO Software," http://www.sandia.gov/imrl/XWEB1128/snloftp.htm

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the blue laser experiment setup

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Radius of the laser mode in the center of Nd:YAP rod and beam waist of folded arm versus thermal lens focal lengths

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The average output power of blue light at 447 nm versus the pump power

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The temporal pulse profile of blue light at the output power of 4.76 W

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The blue light spot

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The measured spectrum of the blue laser

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Stability of the blue light power at output power of 4.76 W

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Phase matching parameter of KTP and LBO for SFM calculated [12]

Tables Icon

Table 2 PM directions for both KTP and LBO under different crystal temperature[12]

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