Abstract

We report the kinetics of below band-gap light induced photodarkening in (80-x)GeS2-20Ga2S3-xAgI (x=0 and 20 mol %) bulk chalcogenide glasses by measuring the time evolution of transmission spectra at every 10 milliseconds. The results prove clearly the enhancement of photosensivity upon doping of AgI compound in glasses. It is interesting to find that PD observed in AgI-doped glass totally disappears two hours later after the laser exposing even at room temperature. In significant contrast to 80GeS2-20Ga2S3 glass that the metastable part of PD remains for a long time. We expect such a fast auto-recovery property in AgI-doped glass can be utilized for optical signal processing.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Frumar, B. Frumarova, T. Wagner, and P. Nemec, “Photo-Induced phenomena in Amorphous and Glassy chalcogenides” in Photo-Induced Metastability in Amorphous SemiconductorsA. V. Kolobov ed (Wiley, Weinheim, 2003) chap 2 p 23.
    [Crossref]
  2. K. Tanaka, “Sub-Gap Photo-Induced Phenomena in Chalcogenide Glasses” in Photo-Induced Metastability in Amorphous SemiconductorsA. V. Kolobov ed (Wiley, Weinheim, 2003) chap 5 p 69
    [Crossref]
  3. P. Krecmer, A. M. Moulin, R. J. Stephenson, T. Rayment, M. E. Welland, and S. R. Elliott, “Reversible Nanocontraction and Dilatation in a Solid Induced by Polarized Light,” Science,  277, 1799–1802 (1997)
    [Crossref]
  4. A. C. van Popta, R. G. DeCorby, C. J. Haugen, T. Robinson, J. N. McMullin, D. Tonchev, and S. O. Kasap, “Photoinduced refractive index change in As2Se3 by 633 nm illumination,” Opt. Express. 10, 639–644 (2002).
    [PubMed]
  5. K. Tanaka, T. Gotoh, and H. Hayakawa, “Anisotropic patterns formed in Ag-As-S ion-conducting amorphous semiconductor films by polarized light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2256–2258 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  6. M. Frumar and T. Wagner, “Ag doped chalcogenide glasses and their applications,” Curr. Opin. Solid. St. M. 7, 117–126 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. Ren, T. Wagner, J. Orava, M. Vlcek, B. Frumarova, and M. Frumar, “Reversible photoinduced change of refractive index in ion-conducting chalcohalide glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, (2008) (to be published)
    [Crossref]
  8. A. Ganjoo and H. Jain, “Millisecond kinetics of photoinduced changes in the optical parameters of a-As2S3 films,” Phys. Rev. B. 74, 024201: 1–6 (2006)
    [Crossref]
  9. M. Segev, D. Engin, A. Yariv, and G. C. Valley, “Temporal evolution of fanning in photorefractive materials,” Opt. Lett. 18, 956–958 (1993)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. K. Shimakawa and Y. Ikeda, “Transient response of photodarkening and photoinduced volume change in amorphous chalcogenide films,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mat. 8, 2097–2100 (2006)
  11. J. Heo and J. D. Mackenzie, “CHALCOHALIDE GLASSES ⎕. Vibrational spectra of Ge-S-I glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids. 113, 246–252 (1989)
    [Crossref]
  12. C. Julien, S. Barnier, M. Massot, N. Chbani, X. Cai, A. M. Loireau-Lozac’h, and M. Guittard, “Raman and infrared spectroscopic studies of Ge-Ga-Ag sulphide glasses,” Mat. Sci. Eng. B-Solid. 22, 191–200 (1994)
    [Crossref]
  13. M. Mitkova, Y. Wang, and P. Boolchand, “Dual Chemical Role of Ag as an Additive in Chalcogenide Glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 3848–3851 (1999)
    [Crossref]
  14. V. Nazabal, P. Nemec, J. Jedelsky, C. Duverger, J. Leperson, J. L. Adam, and M. Frumar, “Dysprosium doped amorphous chalcogenide films prepared by pulsed laser deposition,” Opt. Mater. 29, 273–278 (2006)
    [Crossref]
  15. L. Petit, N. Carlie, K. Richardson, A. Humeau, S. Cherukulappurath, and G. Boudebs, “Nonlinear optical properties of glasses in the system Ge/Ga-Sb-S/Se,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1495–1497 (2006)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. K. Tanaka, “Optical nonlinearity in photonic glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. 16, 633–643 (2005)
  17. S. H. Messaddeq, V. K. Tikhomirov, Y. Messaddeq, D. Lezal, and M. Siu Li, “Light-induced relief grating and a mechanism of matastable light-induced expansion in chalcogenide glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 224203: 1–5 (2001)
    [Crossref]
  18. G. Yang, H. Jain, A. Ganjoo, D. Zhao, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, and G. Chen, “A photo-stable chalcogenide glass,” (submitted to Optics Letters)
  19. J. Schwarz, H. Ticha, and L. Tichy, “Temperature shift of the optical gap in some PbO-ZnO-P2O5 glasses,” Mater. Lett. 61, 520–522 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  20. M. Krbal, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, M. Vlcek, and B. Frumarova, “Kinetics of optically-and thermally-induced diffusion and dissolution of silver in evaporated As33S33.5Se33.5 amorphous films: their properties and structure,” Phys. Chem. Glasses. 47, 193–197 (2006)
  21. A. Laref, W. Sekkal, A. Zaoui, M. Certier, and H. Aourag, “Tight-binding calculations of electronic properties of AgI,” J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4435–4439 (1999)
    [Crossref]
  22. M. Kastner, “Bonding Bands, Lone-Pair Bands, and Impurity States in Chalcogenide Semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 355–357 (1972)
    [Crossref]
  23. J. Singh and H. E. Ruda, “Concept of Excitons” in Optical Properties of Condensed Matter and ApplicationsJ. Singh ed (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006) chap 4 p 63
    [Crossref]

2008 (1)

J. Ren, T. Wagner, J. Orava, M. Vlcek, B. Frumarova, and M. Frumar, “Reversible photoinduced change of refractive index in ion-conducting chalcohalide glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, (2008) (to be published)
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

J. Schwarz, H. Ticha, and L. Tichy, “Temperature shift of the optical gap in some PbO-ZnO-P2O5 glasses,” Mater. Lett. 61, 520–522 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (5)

M. Krbal, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, M. Vlcek, and B. Frumarova, “Kinetics of optically-and thermally-induced diffusion and dissolution of silver in evaporated As33S33.5Se33.5 amorphous films: their properties and structure,” Phys. Chem. Glasses. 47, 193–197 (2006)

V. Nazabal, P. Nemec, J. Jedelsky, C. Duverger, J. Leperson, J. L. Adam, and M. Frumar, “Dysprosium doped amorphous chalcogenide films prepared by pulsed laser deposition,” Opt. Mater. 29, 273–278 (2006)
[Crossref]

A. Ganjoo and H. Jain, “Millisecond kinetics of photoinduced changes in the optical parameters of a-As2S3 films,” Phys. Rev. B. 74, 024201: 1–6 (2006)
[Crossref]

K. Shimakawa and Y. Ikeda, “Transient response of photodarkening and photoinduced volume change in amorphous chalcogenide films,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mat. 8, 2097–2100 (2006)

L. Petit, N. Carlie, K. Richardson, A. Humeau, S. Cherukulappurath, and G. Boudebs, “Nonlinear optical properties of glasses in the system Ge/Ga-Sb-S/Se,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1495–1497 (2006)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

K. Tanaka, “Optical nonlinearity in photonic glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. 16, 633–643 (2005)

2003 (1)

M. Frumar and T. Wagner, “Ag doped chalcogenide glasses and their applications,” Curr. Opin. Solid. St. M. 7, 117–126 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

A. C. van Popta, R. G. DeCorby, C. J. Haugen, T. Robinson, J. N. McMullin, D. Tonchev, and S. O. Kasap, “Photoinduced refractive index change in As2Se3 by 633 nm illumination,” Opt. Express. 10, 639–644 (2002).
[PubMed]

2001 (1)

S. H. Messaddeq, V. K. Tikhomirov, Y. Messaddeq, D. Lezal, and M. Siu Li, “Light-induced relief grating and a mechanism of matastable light-induced expansion in chalcogenide glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 224203: 1–5 (2001)
[Crossref]

1999 (3)

M. Mitkova, Y. Wang, and P. Boolchand, “Dual Chemical Role of Ag as an Additive in Chalcogenide Glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 3848–3851 (1999)
[Crossref]

A. Laref, W. Sekkal, A. Zaoui, M. Certier, and H. Aourag, “Tight-binding calculations of electronic properties of AgI,” J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4435–4439 (1999)
[Crossref]

K. Tanaka, T. Gotoh, and H. Hayakawa, “Anisotropic patterns formed in Ag-As-S ion-conducting amorphous semiconductor films by polarized light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2256–2258 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

P. Krecmer, A. M. Moulin, R. J. Stephenson, T. Rayment, M. E. Welland, and S. R. Elliott, “Reversible Nanocontraction and Dilatation in a Solid Induced by Polarized Light,” Science,  277, 1799–1802 (1997)
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

C. Julien, S. Barnier, M. Massot, N. Chbani, X. Cai, A. M. Loireau-Lozac’h, and M. Guittard, “Raman and infrared spectroscopic studies of Ge-Ga-Ag sulphide glasses,” Mat. Sci. Eng. B-Solid. 22, 191–200 (1994)
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

1989 (1)

J. Heo and J. D. Mackenzie, “CHALCOHALIDE GLASSES ⎕. Vibrational spectra of Ge-S-I glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids. 113, 246–252 (1989)
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

M. Kastner, “Bonding Bands, Lone-Pair Bands, and Impurity States in Chalcogenide Semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 355–357 (1972)
[Crossref]

Adam, J. L.

V. Nazabal, P. Nemec, J. Jedelsky, C. Duverger, J. Leperson, J. L. Adam, and M. Frumar, “Dysprosium doped amorphous chalcogenide films prepared by pulsed laser deposition,” Opt. Mater. 29, 273–278 (2006)
[Crossref]

Aourag, H.

A. Laref, W. Sekkal, A. Zaoui, M. Certier, and H. Aourag, “Tight-binding calculations of electronic properties of AgI,” J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4435–4439 (1999)
[Crossref]

Barnier, S.

C. Julien, S. Barnier, M. Massot, N. Chbani, X. Cai, A. M. Loireau-Lozac’h, and M. Guittard, “Raman and infrared spectroscopic studies of Ge-Ga-Ag sulphide glasses,” Mat. Sci. Eng. B-Solid. 22, 191–200 (1994)
[Crossref]

Boolchand, P.

M. Mitkova, Y. Wang, and P. Boolchand, “Dual Chemical Role of Ag as an Additive in Chalcogenide Glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 3848–3851 (1999)
[Crossref]

Boudebs, G.

Cai, X.

C. Julien, S. Barnier, M. Massot, N. Chbani, X. Cai, A. M. Loireau-Lozac’h, and M. Guittard, “Raman and infrared spectroscopic studies of Ge-Ga-Ag sulphide glasses,” Mat. Sci. Eng. B-Solid. 22, 191–200 (1994)
[Crossref]

Carlie, N.

Certier, M.

A. Laref, W. Sekkal, A. Zaoui, M. Certier, and H. Aourag, “Tight-binding calculations of electronic properties of AgI,” J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4435–4439 (1999)
[Crossref]

Chbani, N.

C. Julien, S. Barnier, M. Massot, N. Chbani, X. Cai, A. M. Loireau-Lozac’h, and M. Guittard, “Raman and infrared spectroscopic studies of Ge-Ga-Ag sulphide glasses,” Mat. Sci. Eng. B-Solid. 22, 191–200 (1994)
[Crossref]

Chen, G.

G. Yang, H. Jain, A. Ganjoo, D. Zhao, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, and G. Chen, “A photo-stable chalcogenide glass,” (submitted to Optics Letters)

Cherukulappurath, S.

DeCorby, R. G.

A. C. van Popta, R. G. DeCorby, C. J. Haugen, T. Robinson, J. N. McMullin, D. Tonchev, and S. O. Kasap, “Photoinduced refractive index change in As2Se3 by 633 nm illumination,” Opt. Express. 10, 639–644 (2002).
[PubMed]

Duverger, C.

V. Nazabal, P. Nemec, J. Jedelsky, C. Duverger, J. Leperson, J. L. Adam, and M. Frumar, “Dysprosium doped amorphous chalcogenide films prepared by pulsed laser deposition,” Opt. Mater. 29, 273–278 (2006)
[Crossref]

Elliott, S. R.

P. Krecmer, A. M. Moulin, R. J. Stephenson, T. Rayment, M. E. Welland, and S. R. Elliott, “Reversible Nanocontraction and Dilatation in a Solid Induced by Polarized Light,” Science,  277, 1799–1802 (1997)
[Crossref]

Engin, D.

Frumar, M.

J. Ren, T. Wagner, J. Orava, M. Vlcek, B. Frumarova, and M. Frumar, “Reversible photoinduced change of refractive index in ion-conducting chalcohalide glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, (2008) (to be published)
[Crossref]

V. Nazabal, P. Nemec, J. Jedelsky, C. Duverger, J. Leperson, J. L. Adam, and M. Frumar, “Dysprosium doped amorphous chalcogenide films prepared by pulsed laser deposition,” Opt. Mater. 29, 273–278 (2006)
[Crossref]

M. Krbal, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, M. Vlcek, and B. Frumarova, “Kinetics of optically-and thermally-induced diffusion and dissolution of silver in evaporated As33S33.5Se33.5 amorphous films: their properties and structure,” Phys. Chem. Glasses. 47, 193–197 (2006)

M. Frumar and T. Wagner, “Ag doped chalcogenide glasses and their applications,” Curr. Opin. Solid. St. M. 7, 117–126 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Frumar, B. Frumarova, T. Wagner, and P. Nemec, “Photo-Induced phenomena in Amorphous and Glassy chalcogenides” in Photo-Induced Metastability in Amorphous SemiconductorsA. V. Kolobov ed (Wiley, Weinheim, 2003) chap 2 p 23.
[Crossref]

Frumarova, B.

J. Ren, T. Wagner, J. Orava, M. Vlcek, B. Frumarova, and M. Frumar, “Reversible photoinduced change of refractive index in ion-conducting chalcohalide glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, (2008) (to be published)
[Crossref]

M. Krbal, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, M. Vlcek, and B. Frumarova, “Kinetics of optically-and thermally-induced diffusion and dissolution of silver in evaporated As33S33.5Se33.5 amorphous films: their properties and structure,” Phys. Chem. Glasses. 47, 193–197 (2006)

M. Frumar, B. Frumarova, T. Wagner, and P. Nemec, “Photo-Induced phenomena in Amorphous and Glassy chalcogenides” in Photo-Induced Metastability in Amorphous SemiconductorsA. V. Kolobov ed (Wiley, Weinheim, 2003) chap 2 p 23.
[Crossref]

Ganjoo, A.

A. Ganjoo and H. Jain, “Millisecond kinetics of photoinduced changes in the optical parameters of a-As2S3 films,” Phys. Rev. B. 74, 024201: 1–6 (2006)
[Crossref]

G. Yang, H. Jain, A. Ganjoo, D. Zhao, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, and G. Chen, “A photo-stable chalcogenide glass,” (submitted to Optics Letters)

Gotoh, T.

K. Tanaka, T. Gotoh, and H. Hayakawa, “Anisotropic patterns formed in Ag-As-S ion-conducting amorphous semiconductor films by polarized light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2256–2258 (1999).
[Crossref]

Guittard, M.

C. Julien, S. Barnier, M. Massot, N. Chbani, X. Cai, A. M. Loireau-Lozac’h, and M. Guittard, “Raman and infrared spectroscopic studies of Ge-Ga-Ag sulphide glasses,” Mat. Sci. Eng. B-Solid. 22, 191–200 (1994)
[Crossref]

Haugen, C. J.

A. C. van Popta, R. G. DeCorby, C. J. Haugen, T. Robinson, J. N. McMullin, D. Tonchev, and S. O. Kasap, “Photoinduced refractive index change in As2Se3 by 633 nm illumination,” Opt. Express. 10, 639–644 (2002).
[PubMed]

Hayakawa, H.

K. Tanaka, T. Gotoh, and H. Hayakawa, “Anisotropic patterns formed in Ag-As-S ion-conducting amorphous semiconductor films by polarized light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2256–2258 (1999).
[Crossref]

Heo, J.

J. Heo and J. D. Mackenzie, “CHALCOHALIDE GLASSES ⎕. Vibrational spectra of Ge-S-I glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids. 113, 246–252 (1989)
[Crossref]

Humeau, A.

Ikeda, Y.

K. Shimakawa and Y. Ikeda, “Transient response of photodarkening and photoinduced volume change in amorphous chalcogenide films,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mat. 8, 2097–2100 (2006)

Jain, H.

A. Ganjoo and H. Jain, “Millisecond kinetics of photoinduced changes in the optical parameters of a-As2S3 films,” Phys. Rev. B. 74, 024201: 1–6 (2006)
[Crossref]

G. Yang, H. Jain, A. Ganjoo, D. Zhao, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, and G. Chen, “A photo-stable chalcogenide glass,” (submitted to Optics Letters)

Jedelsky, J.

V. Nazabal, P. Nemec, J. Jedelsky, C. Duverger, J. Leperson, J. L. Adam, and M. Frumar, “Dysprosium doped amorphous chalcogenide films prepared by pulsed laser deposition,” Opt. Mater. 29, 273–278 (2006)
[Crossref]

Julien, C.

C. Julien, S. Barnier, M. Massot, N. Chbani, X. Cai, A. M. Loireau-Lozac’h, and M. Guittard, “Raman and infrared spectroscopic studies of Ge-Ga-Ag sulphide glasses,” Mat. Sci. Eng. B-Solid. 22, 191–200 (1994)
[Crossref]

Kasap, S. O.

A. C. van Popta, R. G. DeCorby, C. J. Haugen, T. Robinson, J. N. McMullin, D. Tonchev, and S. O. Kasap, “Photoinduced refractive index change in As2Se3 by 633 nm illumination,” Opt. Express. 10, 639–644 (2002).
[PubMed]

Kastner, M.

M. Kastner, “Bonding Bands, Lone-Pair Bands, and Impurity States in Chalcogenide Semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 355–357 (1972)
[Crossref]

Krbal, M.

M. Krbal, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, M. Vlcek, and B. Frumarova, “Kinetics of optically-and thermally-induced diffusion and dissolution of silver in evaporated As33S33.5Se33.5 amorphous films: their properties and structure,” Phys. Chem. Glasses. 47, 193–197 (2006)

Krecmer, P.

P. Krecmer, A. M. Moulin, R. J. Stephenson, T. Rayment, M. E. Welland, and S. R. Elliott, “Reversible Nanocontraction and Dilatation in a Solid Induced by Polarized Light,” Science,  277, 1799–1802 (1997)
[Crossref]

Laref, A.

A. Laref, W. Sekkal, A. Zaoui, M. Certier, and H. Aourag, “Tight-binding calculations of electronic properties of AgI,” J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4435–4439 (1999)
[Crossref]

Leperson, J.

V. Nazabal, P. Nemec, J. Jedelsky, C. Duverger, J. Leperson, J. L. Adam, and M. Frumar, “Dysprosium doped amorphous chalcogenide films prepared by pulsed laser deposition,” Opt. Mater. 29, 273–278 (2006)
[Crossref]

Lezal, D.

S. H. Messaddeq, V. K. Tikhomirov, Y. Messaddeq, D. Lezal, and M. Siu Li, “Light-induced relief grating and a mechanism of matastable light-induced expansion in chalcogenide glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 224203: 1–5 (2001)
[Crossref]

Li, M. Siu

S. H. Messaddeq, V. K. Tikhomirov, Y. Messaddeq, D. Lezal, and M. Siu Li, “Light-induced relief grating and a mechanism of matastable light-induced expansion in chalcogenide glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 224203: 1–5 (2001)
[Crossref]

Loireau-Lozac’h, A. M.

C. Julien, S. Barnier, M. Massot, N. Chbani, X. Cai, A. M. Loireau-Lozac’h, and M. Guittard, “Raman and infrared spectroscopic studies of Ge-Ga-Ag sulphide glasses,” Mat. Sci. Eng. B-Solid. 22, 191–200 (1994)
[Crossref]

Mackenzie, J. D.

J. Heo and J. D. Mackenzie, “CHALCOHALIDE GLASSES ⎕. Vibrational spectra of Ge-S-I glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids. 113, 246–252 (1989)
[Crossref]

Massot, M.

C. Julien, S. Barnier, M. Massot, N. Chbani, X. Cai, A. M. Loireau-Lozac’h, and M. Guittard, “Raman and infrared spectroscopic studies of Ge-Ga-Ag sulphide glasses,” Mat. Sci. Eng. B-Solid. 22, 191–200 (1994)
[Crossref]

McMullin, J. N.

A. C. van Popta, R. G. DeCorby, C. J. Haugen, T. Robinson, J. N. McMullin, D. Tonchev, and S. O. Kasap, “Photoinduced refractive index change in As2Se3 by 633 nm illumination,” Opt. Express. 10, 639–644 (2002).
[PubMed]

Messaddeq, S. H.

S. H. Messaddeq, V. K. Tikhomirov, Y. Messaddeq, D. Lezal, and M. Siu Li, “Light-induced relief grating and a mechanism of matastable light-induced expansion in chalcogenide glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 224203: 1–5 (2001)
[Crossref]

Messaddeq, Y.

S. H. Messaddeq, V. K. Tikhomirov, Y. Messaddeq, D. Lezal, and M. Siu Li, “Light-induced relief grating and a mechanism of matastable light-induced expansion in chalcogenide glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 224203: 1–5 (2001)
[Crossref]

Mitkova, M.

M. Mitkova, Y. Wang, and P. Boolchand, “Dual Chemical Role of Ag as an Additive in Chalcogenide Glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 3848–3851 (1999)
[Crossref]

Moulin, A. M.

P. Krecmer, A. M. Moulin, R. J. Stephenson, T. Rayment, M. E. Welland, and S. R. Elliott, “Reversible Nanocontraction and Dilatation in a Solid Induced by Polarized Light,” Science,  277, 1799–1802 (1997)
[Crossref]

Nazabal, V.

V. Nazabal, P. Nemec, J. Jedelsky, C. Duverger, J. Leperson, J. L. Adam, and M. Frumar, “Dysprosium doped amorphous chalcogenide films prepared by pulsed laser deposition,” Opt. Mater. 29, 273–278 (2006)
[Crossref]

Nemec, P.

V. Nazabal, P. Nemec, J. Jedelsky, C. Duverger, J. Leperson, J. L. Adam, and M. Frumar, “Dysprosium doped amorphous chalcogenide films prepared by pulsed laser deposition,” Opt. Mater. 29, 273–278 (2006)
[Crossref]

M. Frumar, B. Frumarova, T. Wagner, and P. Nemec, “Photo-Induced phenomena in Amorphous and Glassy chalcogenides” in Photo-Induced Metastability in Amorphous SemiconductorsA. V. Kolobov ed (Wiley, Weinheim, 2003) chap 2 p 23.
[Crossref]

Orava, J.

J. Ren, T. Wagner, J. Orava, M. Vlcek, B. Frumarova, and M. Frumar, “Reversible photoinduced change of refractive index in ion-conducting chalcohalide glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, (2008) (to be published)
[Crossref]

Petit, L.

Rayment, T.

P. Krecmer, A. M. Moulin, R. J. Stephenson, T. Rayment, M. E. Welland, and S. R. Elliott, “Reversible Nanocontraction and Dilatation in a Solid Induced by Polarized Light,” Science,  277, 1799–1802 (1997)
[Crossref]

Ren, J.

J. Ren, T. Wagner, J. Orava, M. Vlcek, B. Frumarova, and M. Frumar, “Reversible photoinduced change of refractive index in ion-conducting chalcohalide glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, (2008) (to be published)
[Crossref]

Richardson, K.

Robinson, T.

A. C. van Popta, R. G. DeCorby, C. J. Haugen, T. Robinson, J. N. McMullin, D. Tonchev, and S. O. Kasap, “Photoinduced refractive index change in As2Se3 by 633 nm illumination,” Opt. Express. 10, 639–644 (2002).
[PubMed]

Ruda, H. E.

J. Singh and H. E. Ruda, “Concept of Excitons” in Optical Properties of Condensed Matter and ApplicationsJ. Singh ed (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006) chap 4 p 63
[Crossref]

Schwarz, J.

J. Schwarz, H. Ticha, and L. Tichy, “Temperature shift of the optical gap in some PbO-ZnO-P2O5 glasses,” Mater. Lett. 61, 520–522 (2007).
[Crossref]

Segev, M.

Sekkal, W.

A. Laref, W. Sekkal, A. Zaoui, M. Certier, and H. Aourag, “Tight-binding calculations of electronic properties of AgI,” J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4435–4439 (1999)
[Crossref]

Shimakawa, K.

K. Shimakawa and Y. Ikeda, “Transient response of photodarkening and photoinduced volume change in amorphous chalcogenide films,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mat. 8, 2097–2100 (2006)

Singh, J.

J. Singh and H. E. Ruda, “Concept of Excitons” in Optical Properties of Condensed Matter and ApplicationsJ. Singh ed (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006) chap 4 p 63
[Crossref]

Stephenson, R. J.

P. Krecmer, A. M. Moulin, R. J. Stephenson, T. Rayment, M. E. Welland, and S. R. Elliott, “Reversible Nanocontraction and Dilatation in a Solid Induced by Polarized Light,” Science,  277, 1799–1802 (1997)
[Crossref]

Tanaka, K.

K. Tanaka, “Optical nonlinearity in photonic glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. 16, 633–643 (2005)

K. Tanaka, T. Gotoh, and H. Hayakawa, “Anisotropic patterns formed in Ag-As-S ion-conducting amorphous semiconductor films by polarized light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2256–2258 (1999).
[Crossref]

K. Tanaka, “Sub-Gap Photo-Induced Phenomena in Chalcogenide Glasses” in Photo-Induced Metastability in Amorphous SemiconductorsA. V. Kolobov ed (Wiley, Weinheim, 2003) chap 5 p 69
[Crossref]

Ticha, H.

J. Schwarz, H. Ticha, and L. Tichy, “Temperature shift of the optical gap in some PbO-ZnO-P2O5 glasses,” Mater. Lett. 61, 520–522 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tichy, L.

J. Schwarz, H. Ticha, and L. Tichy, “Temperature shift of the optical gap in some PbO-ZnO-P2O5 glasses,” Mater. Lett. 61, 520–522 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tikhomirov, V. K.

S. H. Messaddeq, V. K. Tikhomirov, Y. Messaddeq, D. Lezal, and M. Siu Li, “Light-induced relief grating and a mechanism of matastable light-induced expansion in chalcogenide glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 224203: 1–5 (2001)
[Crossref]

Tonchev, D.

A. C. van Popta, R. G. DeCorby, C. J. Haugen, T. Robinson, J. N. McMullin, D. Tonchev, and S. O. Kasap, “Photoinduced refractive index change in As2Se3 by 633 nm illumination,” Opt. Express. 10, 639–644 (2002).
[PubMed]

Valley, G. C.

van Popta, A. C.

A. C. van Popta, R. G. DeCorby, C. J. Haugen, T. Robinson, J. N. McMullin, D. Tonchev, and S. O. Kasap, “Photoinduced refractive index change in As2Se3 by 633 nm illumination,” Opt. Express. 10, 639–644 (2002).
[PubMed]

Vlcek, M.

J. Ren, T. Wagner, J. Orava, M. Vlcek, B. Frumarova, and M. Frumar, “Reversible photoinduced change of refractive index in ion-conducting chalcohalide glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, (2008) (to be published)
[Crossref]

M. Krbal, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, M. Vlcek, and B. Frumarova, “Kinetics of optically-and thermally-induced diffusion and dissolution of silver in evaporated As33S33.5Se33.5 amorphous films: their properties and structure,” Phys. Chem. Glasses. 47, 193–197 (2006)

Wagner, T.

J. Ren, T. Wagner, J. Orava, M. Vlcek, B. Frumarova, and M. Frumar, “Reversible photoinduced change of refractive index in ion-conducting chalcohalide glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, (2008) (to be published)
[Crossref]

M. Krbal, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, M. Vlcek, and B. Frumarova, “Kinetics of optically-and thermally-induced diffusion and dissolution of silver in evaporated As33S33.5Se33.5 amorphous films: their properties and structure,” Phys. Chem. Glasses. 47, 193–197 (2006)

M. Frumar and T. Wagner, “Ag doped chalcogenide glasses and their applications,” Curr. Opin. Solid. St. M. 7, 117–126 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Frumar, B. Frumarova, T. Wagner, and P. Nemec, “Photo-Induced phenomena in Amorphous and Glassy chalcogenides” in Photo-Induced Metastability in Amorphous SemiconductorsA. V. Kolobov ed (Wiley, Weinheim, 2003) chap 2 p 23.
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

M. Mitkova, Y. Wang, and P. Boolchand, “Dual Chemical Role of Ag as an Additive in Chalcogenide Glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 3848–3851 (1999)
[Crossref]

Welland, M. E.

P. Krecmer, A. M. Moulin, R. J. Stephenson, T. Rayment, M. E. Welland, and S. R. Elliott, “Reversible Nanocontraction and Dilatation in a Solid Induced by Polarized Light,” Science,  277, 1799–1802 (1997)
[Crossref]

Xu, Y.

G. Yang, H. Jain, A. Ganjoo, D. Zhao, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, and G. Chen, “A photo-stable chalcogenide glass,” (submitted to Optics Letters)

Yang, G.

G. Yang, H. Jain, A. Ganjoo, D. Zhao, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, and G. Chen, “A photo-stable chalcogenide glass,” (submitted to Optics Letters)

Yariv, A.

Zaoui, A.

A. Laref, W. Sekkal, A. Zaoui, M. Certier, and H. Aourag, “Tight-binding calculations of electronic properties of AgI,” J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4435–4439 (1999)
[Crossref]

Zeng, H.

G. Yang, H. Jain, A. Ganjoo, D. Zhao, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, and G. Chen, “A photo-stable chalcogenide glass,” (submitted to Optics Letters)

Zhao, D.

G. Yang, H. Jain, A. Ganjoo, D. Zhao, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, and G. Chen, “A photo-stable chalcogenide glass,” (submitted to Optics Letters)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. Tanaka, T. Gotoh, and H. Hayakawa, “Anisotropic patterns formed in Ag-As-S ion-conducting amorphous semiconductor films by polarized light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2256–2258 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Ren, T. Wagner, J. Orava, M. Vlcek, B. Frumarova, and M. Frumar, “Reversible photoinduced change of refractive index in ion-conducting chalcohalide glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, (2008) (to be published)
[Crossref]

Curr. Opin. Solid. St. M. (1)

M. Frumar and T. Wagner, “Ag doped chalcogenide glasses and their applications,” Curr. Opin. Solid. St. M. 7, 117–126 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Laref, W. Sekkal, A. Zaoui, M. Certier, and H. Aourag, “Tight-binding calculations of electronic properties of AgI,” J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4435–4439 (1999)
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

K. Tanaka, “Optical nonlinearity in photonic glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. 16, 633–643 (2005)

J. Non-Cryst. Solids. (1)

J. Heo and J. D. Mackenzie, “CHALCOHALIDE GLASSES ⎕. Vibrational spectra of Ge-S-I glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids. 113, 246–252 (1989)
[Crossref]

J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mat. (1)

K. Shimakawa and Y. Ikeda, “Transient response of photodarkening and photoinduced volume change in amorphous chalcogenide films,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mat. 8, 2097–2100 (2006)

Mat. Sci. Eng. B-Solid. (1)

C. Julien, S. Barnier, M. Massot, N. Chbani, X. Cai, A. M. Loireau-Lozac’h, and M. Guittard, “Raman and infrared spectroscopic studies of Ge-Ga-Ag sulphide glasses,” Mat. Sci. Eng. B-Solid. 22, 191–200 (1994)
[Crossref]

Mater. Lett. (1)

J. Schwarz, H. Ticha, and L. Tichy, “Temperature shift of the optical gap in some PbO-ZnO-P2O5 glasses,” Mater. Lett. 61, 520–522 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express. (1)

A. C. van Popta, R. G. DeCorby, C. J. Haugen, T. Robinson, J. N. McMullin, D. Tonchev, and S. O. Kasap, “Photoinduced refractive index change in As2Se3 by 633 nm illumination,” Opt. Express. 10, 639–644 (2002).
[PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (1)

V. Nazabal, P. Nemec, J. Jedelsky, C. Duverger, J. Leperson, J. L. Adam, and M. Frumar, “Dysprosium doped amorphous chalcogenide films prepared by pulsed laser deposition,” Opt. Mater. 29, 273–278 (2006)
[Crossref]

Phys. Chem. Glasses. (1)

M. Krbal, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, M. Vlcek, and B. Frumarova, “Kinetics of optically-and thermally-induced diffusion and dissolution of silver in evaporated As33S33.5Se33.5 amorphous films: their properties and structure,” Phys. Chem. Glasses. 47, 193–197 (2006)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

S. H. Messaddeq, V. K. Tikhomirov, Y. Messaddeq, D. Lezal, and M. Siu Li, “Light-induced relief grating and a mechanism of matastable light-induced expansion in chalcogenide glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 224203: 1–5 (2001)
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B. (1)

A. Ganjoo and H. Jain, “Millisecond kinetics of photoinduced changes in the optical parameters of a-As2S3 films,” Phys. Rev. B. 74, 024201: 1–6 (2006)
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. Mitkova, Y. Wang, and P. Boolchand, “Dual Chemical Role of Ag as an Additive in Chalcogenide Glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 3848–3851 (1999)
[Crossref]

M. Kastner, “Bonding Bands, Lone-Pair Bands, and Impurity States in Chalcogenide Semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 355–357 (1972)
[Crossref]

Science (1)

P. Krecmer, A. M. Moulin, R. J. Stephenson, T. Rayment, M. E. Welland, and S. R. Elliott, “Reversible Nanocontraction and Dilatation in a Solid Induced by Polarized Light,” Science,  277, 1799–1802 (1997)
[Crossref]

Other (4)

M. Frumar, B. Frumarova, T. Wagner, and P. Nemec, “Photo-Induced phenomena in Amorphous and Glassy chalcogenides” in Photo-Induced Metastability in Amorphous SemiconductorsA. V. Kolobov ed (Wiley, Weinheim, 2003) chap 2 p 23.
[Crossref]

K. Tanaka, “Sub-Gap Photo-Induced Phenomena in Chalcogenide Glasses” in Photo-Induced Metastability in Amorphous SemiconductorsA. V. Kolobov ed (Wiley, Weinheim, 2003) chap 5 p 69
[Crossref]

G. Yang, H. Jain, A. Ganjoo, D. Zhao, Y. Xu, H. Zeng, and G. Chen, “A photo-stable chalcogenide glass,” (submitted to Optics Letters)

J. Singh and H. E. Ruda, “Concept of Excitons” in Optical Properties of Condensed Matter and ApplicationsJ. Singh ed (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2006) chap 4 p 63
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Transmission spectra of GGS (a) and GGS-AgI (b) obtained before (as indicated by fresh in the insets) and after the laser exposure. 5 min., 2 h. and 24 h. later mean, respectively, the spectra obtained 5 minutes, 2 hours and 24 hours later after the laser exposure. Maximum change means the spectra obtained when sample being illuminated for sufficient time. Both samples are illuminated by 488 nm Ar+ ion laser. The spikes observed at around 488 nm are the signals from the exciting source.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Variation of transmission of GGS (a) and GGS-AgI (b) with time at indicated wavelengths. The laser On and Off states are indicated in the figure.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Transmission spectra of GGS-AgI obtained before (as indicated by fresh in the inset) and when being exposed by different inducing light. The spikes observed at around 488 nm are the signals from the exciting source.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Raman shifts of non-exposing GGS (solid line) and GGS-AgI (dashed line). (b) Assignment of Raman vibrational modes for GGS-AgI. The data are scaled by the height of the GeS4 (343 cm-1) peak of GGS.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Raman spectra of GGS-AgI obtained before (as indicated by fresh) and after the laser exposure at different time. Immediately after exposure means the spectrum obtained immediately after the sample being irradiated by the Ar+ ion laser for sufficient time. After 10 min. and after 2 hours mean the spectra obtained 10 minutes and 2 hours immediately later after the laser exposing, respectively. The data are scaled by the height of the GeS4 (343 cm-1) peak. The spectra are shifted vertically for clarification.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Fittings of Eq. (2) to the rise of changes in absorption coefficients at selected wavelengths for GGS ((a), left part) and GGS-AgI ((b), left part). Also shown are the fall of absorption coefficients at selected wavelength for GGS (a, right part) and GGS-AgI (b, right part) when the laser is switched off.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Schematic illustration of the band structure of GGS-AgI. Also shown are the possible formation of self-trapped exciton (STE) and its bonding energy (red lines).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table I. Fitting parameters obtained from Eq. (2) to the calculated rise of the absorption coefficients at different wavelength for GGS and GGS-AgI.

Equations (2)

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α = 1 d ln { ( 1 R ) 2 + [ ( 1 R ) 4 + 4 R 2 T 2 ] 1 2 2 T }
Δ α r = Δ α sr { 1 exp [ ( t τ r ) β ] }

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