Abstract

The scattering from metal nanoparticles near their localized plasmon resonance is a promising way of increasing the light absorption in thin-film solar cells. Enhancements in photocurrent have been observed for a wide range of semiconductors and solar cell configurations. We review experimental and theoretical progress that has been made in recent years, describe the basic mechanisms at work, and provide an outlook on future prospects in this area.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and H. A. Atwater, "Plasmonics - A route to nanoscale optical devices," Adv. Mat. 13, 1501 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, "Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: A review of recent progress," Biosens. Bioelectron. 23, 151-160 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. R. Stuart and D. G. Hall, "Island size effects in nanoparticle-enhanced photodetectors " Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3815 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. M. Schaadt, B. Feng, and E. T. Yu, "Enhanced semiconductor optical absorption via surface plasmon excitation in metal nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 063106 (2005).
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  9. D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, "Improved performance of amorphous silicon solar cells via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in nearby metallic nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093103 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, "Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093105 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, "Enhanced emission from thin Si based LEDs using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161102 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Westphalen, U. Kreibig, J. Rostalski, H. Lüth, and D. Meissner, "Metal cluster enhanced organic solar cells," Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 61, 97-105 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. P. Rand, P. Peumans, and S. R. Forrest, "Long-range absorption enhancement in organic tandem thin-film solar cells containing silver nanoclusters," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 7519 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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  15. R. B. Konda, R. Mundle, H. Mustafa, O. Bamiduro, A. K. Pradhan, U. N. Roy, Y. Cui, and A. Burger, "Surface plasmon excitation via Au nanoparticles in n-CdSe/p-Si heterojunction diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191111 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, and B. Kasemo, "Enhanced charge carrier generation in dye sensitized solar cells by nanoparticle plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013113 (2008).
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  17. K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, "Design principles for particle plasmon enhanced solar cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 191113 (2008).
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  20. H. Mertens, A. F. Koenderink, and A. Polman, "Plasmon-enhanced luminescence near noble-metal nanospheres: Comparison of exact theory and an improved Gersten and Nitzan model," Phys. Rev. B 76, 115123 (2007).
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  23. K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, "The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment," Journal of Physical Chemistry B 107, 668-677 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  24. C. Langhammer, B. Kasemo, and I. Zorić, "Absorption and scattering of light by Pt, Pd, Ag, and Au nanodisks: Absolute cross sections and branching ratios," J. Chem. Phys. 126, 194702 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. S. P. Sundararajan, N. K. Grady, N. Mirin, and N. J. Halas, "Nanoparticle-Induced Enhancement and Suppression of Photocurrent in a Silicon Photodiode," Nano Lett. 8, 624-630 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. G. Xu, M. Tazawa, P. Jin, S. Nakao, and K. Yoshimura, "Wavelength tuning of surface plasmon resonance using dielectric layers on silver island films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3811-3813 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  27. H. Mertens, J. Verhoeven, A. Polman, and F. D. Tichelaar, "Infrared surface plasmons in two-dimensional silver nanoparticle arrays in silicon," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1317-1319 (2004).
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  29. F. Beck, K. R. Catchpole, and A. Polman, "Red-shifting the surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles for light trapping in solar cells," to be published.
  30. C. Langhammer, M. Schwind, B. Kasemo, and I. Zoric, "Localized Surface Plasmon Resonances in Aluminum Nanodisks," Nano Lett. 8, 1461-1471 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. H. Benisty, R. Stanley, and M. Mayer, "Method of source terms for dipole emission modification in modes of arbitrary planar structures " J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 1192 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  32. B. J. Soller, H. R. Stuart, and D. G. Hall, "Energy transfer at optical frequencies to silicon-on-insulator structures," Opt. Lett. 26, 1421 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  33. J. Mertz, "Radiative absorption, fluorescence, and scattering of a classical dipole near a lossless interface: a unified description," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1906 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  34. B. J. Soller and D. G. Hall, "Scattering enhancement from an array of interacting dipoles near a planar waveguide," J. Opt. Soc. Am.B-Opt. Phys. 19, 2437-2448 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  35. B. Soller, The Interaction Between Metal Nanoparticle Resonances and Optical Frequency Surface waves (University of Rochester, 2002).
  36. H. R. Stuart and D. G. Hall, "Thermodynamic limit to light trapping in thin planar structures," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 3001 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  37. K. R. Catchpole and S. Pillai, "Absorption enhancement due to scattering by dipoles into silicon waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 044504 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  38. K. H. Drexhage, "Influence of a dielectric interface on fluorescence decay time," J. Lumin. 1,693 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  39. E. Snoeks, A. Lagendijk, and A. Polman, "Measuring and modifying the spontaneous emission rate of erbium near an interface," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2459 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  40. C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, G. Petersson, and B. Kasemo, "Electromagnetic coupling of light into a silicon solar cell by nanodisk plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 053110 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  41. S. H. Lim, W. Mar, P. Matheu, D. Derkacs, and E. T. Yu, "Photocurrent spectroscopy of optical absorption enhancement in silicon photodiodes via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in gold nanoparticles," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 104309 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (6)

C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, and B. Kasemo, "Enhanced charge carrier generation in dye sensitized solar cells by nanoparticle plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, "Design principles for particle plasmon enhanced solar cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 191113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Morfa, K. L. Rowlen, T. H. Reilly III, M. J. Romero, and J. v. d. Lagemaatb, "Plasmon-enhanced solar energy conversion in organic bulk heterojunction photovoltaics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Sundararajan, N. K. Grady, N. Mirin, and N. J. Halas, "Nanoparticle-Induced Enhancement and Suppression of Photocurrent in a Silicon Photodiode," Nano Lett. 8, 624-630 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Langhammer, M. Schwind, B. Kasemo, and I. Zoric, "Localized Surface Plasmon Resonances in Aluminum Nanodisks," Nano Lett. 8, 1461-1471 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, G. Petersson, and B. Kasemo, "Electromagnetic coupling of light into a silicon solar cell by nanodisk plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 053110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (6)

S. H. Lim, W. Mar, P. Matheu, D. Derkacs, and E. T. Yu, "Photocurrent spectroscopy of optical absorption enhancement in silicon photodiodes via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in gold nanoparticles," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 104309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. B. Konda, R. Mundle, H. Mustafa, O. Bamiduro, A. K. Pradhan, U. N. Roy, Y. Cui, and A. Burger, "Surface plasmon excitation via Au nanoparticles in n-CdSe/p-Si heterojunction diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Langhammer, B. Kasemo, and I. Zorić, "Absorption and scattering of light by Pt, Pd, Ag, and Au nanodisks: Absolute cross sections and branching ratios," J. Chem. Phys. 126, 194702 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Mertens, A. F. Koenderink, and A. Polman, "Plasmon-enhanced luminescence near noble-metal nanospheres: Comparison of exact theory and an improved Gersten and Nitzan model," Phys. Rev. B 76, 115123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, "Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, "Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: A review of recent progress," Biosens. Bioelectron. 23, 151-160 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, "Enhanced emission from thin Si based LEDs using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, "Improved performance of amorphous silicon solar cells via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in nearby metallic nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. R. Catchpole and S. Pillai, "Absorption enhancement due to scattering by dipoles into silicon waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 044504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

D. M. Schaadt, B. Feng, and E. T. Yu, "Enhanced semiconductor optical absorption via surface plasmon excitation in metal nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 063106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

J. Müller, B. Rech, J. Springer, and M. Vanecek, "TCO and light trapping in silicon thin film solar cells," Solar Energy 77, 917-930 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. P. Rand, P. Peumans, and S. R. Forrest, "Long-range absorption enhancement in organic tandem thin-film solar cells containing silver nanoclusters," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 7519 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Mertens, J. Verhoeven, A. Polman, and F. D. Tichelaar, "Infrared surface plasmons in two-dimensional silver nanoparticle arrays in silicon," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1317-1319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, "The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment," Journal of Physical Chemistry B 107, 668-677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Xu, M. Tazawa, P. Jin, S. Nakao, and K. Yoshimura, "Wavelength tuning of surface plasmon resonance using dielectric layers on silver island films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3811-3813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

B. J. Soller and D. G. Hall, "Scattering enhancement from an array of interacting dipoles near a planar waveguide," J. Opt. Soc. Am.B-Opt. Phys. 19, 2437-2448 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Meier, S. Dubail, S. Golay, U. Kroll, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, L. Feitknecht, J. Dubail, and A. Shah, "Microcrystalline silicon and the impact on micromorph tandem solar cells," Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 74, 457-467 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and H. A. Atwater, "Plasmonics - A route to nanoscale optical devices," Adv. Mat. 13, 1501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Soller, H. R. Stuart, and D. G. Hall, "Energy transfer at optical frequencies to silicon-on-insulator structures," Opt. Lett. 26, 1421 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

J. Mertz, "Radiative absorption, fluorescence, and scattering of a classical dipole near a lossless interface: a unified description," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1906 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Westphalen, U. Kreibig, J. Rostalski, H. Lüth, and D. Meissner, "Metal cluster enhanced organic solar cells," Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 61, 97-105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

H. R. Stuart and D. G. Hall, "Island size effects in nanoparticle-enhanced photodetectors " Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3815 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Benisty, R. Stanley, and M. Mayer, "Method of source terms for dipole emission modification in modes of arbitrary planar structures " J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 1192 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

H. R. Stuart and D. G. Hall, "Thermodynamic limit to light trapping in thin planar structures," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 3001 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Nie and R. Emory, "Probing single molecules and single nanoparticles by surface-enhanced Raman scattering " Science 275, 1102 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

E. Snoeks, A. Lagendijk, and A. Polman, "Measuring and modifying the spontaneous emission rate of erbium near an interface," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2459 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

M. Moskovits, "Surface-enhanced spectroscopy," Rev. Mod. Phys. 57, 783 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

1982 (1)

A. Wokaun, J. P. Gordon, and P. F. Liao, "Radiation damping in surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 957 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

K. H. Drexhage, "Influence of a dielectric interface on fluorescence decay time," J. Lumin. 1,693 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Atwater, H. A.

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and H. A. Atwater, "Plasmonics - A route to nanoscale optical devices," Adv. Mat. 13, 1501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bamiduro, O.

R. B. Konda, R. Mundle, H. Mustafa, O. Bamiduro, A. K. Pradhan, U. N. Roy, Y. Cui, and A. Burger, "Surface plasmon excitation via Au nanoparticles in n-CdSe/p-Si heterojunction diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Benisty, H.

Brongersma, M. L.

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and H. A. Atwater, "Plasmonics - A route to nanoscale optical devices," Adv. Mat. 13, 1501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Burger, A.

R. B. Konda, R. Mundle, H. Mustafa, O. Bamiduro, A. K. Pradhan, U. N. Roy, Y. Cui, and A. Burger, "Surface plasmon excitation via Au nanoparticles in n-CdSe/p-Si heterojunction diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Catchpole, K. R.

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, "Design principles for particle plasmon enhanced solar cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 191113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, "Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, "Enhanced emission from thin Si based LEDs using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. R. Catchpole and S. Pillai, "Absorption enhancement due to scattering by dipoles into silicon waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 044504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Coronado, E.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, "The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment," Journal of Physical Chemistry B 107, 668-677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cui, Y.

R. B. Konda, R. Mundle, H. Mustafa, O. Bamiduro, A. K. Pradhan, U. N. Roy, Y. Cui, and A. Burger, "Surface plasmon excitation via Au nanoparticles in n-CdSe/p-Si heterojunction diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Derkacs, D.

S. H. Lim, W. Mar, P. Matheu, D. Derkacs, and E. T. Yu, "Photocurrent spectroscopy of optical absorption enhancement in silicon photodiodes via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in gold nanoparticles," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 104309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, "Improved performance of amorphous silicon solar cells via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in nearby metallic nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Drexhage, K. H.

K. H. Drexhage, "Influence of a dielectric interface on fluorescence decay time," J. Lumin. 1,693 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Dubail, J.

J. Meier, S. Dubail, S. Golay, U. Kroll, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, L. Feitknecht, J. Dubail, and A. Shah, "Microcrystalline silicon and the impact on micromorph tandem solar cells," Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 74, 457-467 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dubail, S.

J. Meier, S. Dubail, S. Golay, U. Kroll, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, L. Feitknecht, J. Dubail, and A. Shah, "Microcrystalline silicon and the impact on micromorph tandem solar cells," Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 74, 457-467 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Emory, R.

S. Nie and R. Emory, "Probing single molecules and single nanoparticles by surface-enhanced Raman scattering " Science 275, 1102 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Faÿ, S.

J. Meier, S. Dubail, S. Golay, U. Kroll, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, L. Feitknecht, J. Dubail, and A. Shah, "Microcrystalline silicon and the impact on micromorph tandem solar cells," Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 74, 457-467 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Feitknecht, L.

J. Meier, S. Dubail, S. Golay, U. Kroll, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, L. Feitknecht, J. Dubail, and A. Shah, "Microcrystalline silicon and the impact on micromorph tandem solar cells," Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 74, 457-467 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Feng, B.

D. M. Schaadt, B. Feng, and E. T. Yu, "Enhanced semiconductor optical absorption via surface plasmon excitation in metal nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 063106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Forrest, S. R.

B. P. Rand, P. Peumans, and S. R. Forrest, "Long-range absorption enhancement in organic tandem thin-film solar cells containing silver nanoclusters," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 7519 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Golay, S.

J. Meier, S. Dubail, S. Golay, U. Kroll, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, L. Feitknecht, J. Dubail, and A. Shah, "Microcrystalline silicon and the impact on micromorph tandem solar cells," Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 74, 457-467 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

A. Wokaun, J. P. Gordon, and P. F. Liao, "Radiation damping in surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 957 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Grady, N. K.

S. P. Sundararajan, N. K. Grady, N. Mirin, and N. J. Halas, "Nanoparticle-Induced Enhancement and Suppression of Photocurrent in a Silicon Photodiode," Nano Lett. 8, 624-630 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Green, M. A.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, "Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, "Enhanced emission from thin Si based LEDs using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hägglund, C.

C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, and B. Kasemo, "Enhanced charge carrier generation in dye sensitized solar cells by nanoparticle plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, G. Petersson, and B. Kasemo, "Electromagnetic coupling of light into a silicon solar cell by nanodisk plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 053110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Halas, N. J.

S. P. Sundararajan, N. K. Grady, N. Mirin, and N. J. Halas, "Nanoparticle-Induced Enhancement and Suppression of Photocurrent in a Silicon Photodiode," Nano Lett. 8, 624-630 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, D. G.

B. J. Soller and D. G. Hall, "Scattering enhancement from an array of interacting dipoles near a planar waveguide," J. Opt. Soc. Am.B-Opt. Phys. 19, 2437-2448 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Soller, H. R. Stuart, and D. G. Hall, "Energy transfer at optical frequencies to silicon-on-insulator structures," Opt. Lett. 26, 1421 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Stuart and D. G. Hall, "Island size effects in nanoparticle-enhanced photodetectors " Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3815 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Stuart and D. G. Hall, "Thermodynamic limit to light trapping in thin planar structures," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 3001 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hoa, X. D.

X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, "Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: A review of recent progress," Biosens. Bioelectron. 23, 151-160 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jin, P.

G. Xu, M. Tazawa, P. Jin, S. Nakao, and K. Yoshimura, "Wavelength tuning of surface plasmon resonance using dielectric layers on silver island films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3811-3813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kasemo, B.

C. Langhammer, M. Schwind, B. Kasemo, and I. Zoric, "Localized Surface Plasmon Resonances in Aluminum Nanodisks," Nano Lett. 8, 1461-1471 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, G. Petersson, and B. Kasemo, "Electromagnetic coupling of light into a silicon solar cell by nanodisk plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 053110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, and B. Kasemo, "Enhanced charge carrier generation in dye sensitized solar cells by nanoparticle plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Langhammer, B. Kasemo, and I. Zorić, "Absorption and scattering of light by Pt, Pd, Ag, and Au nanodisks: Absolute cross sections and branching ratios," J. Chem. Phys. 126, 194702 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kelly, K. L.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, "The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment," Journal of Physical Chemistry B 107, 668-677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kik, P. G.

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and H. A. Atwater, "Plasmonics - A route to nanoscale optical devices," Adv. Mat. 13, 1501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kirk, A. G.

X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, "Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: A review of recent progress," Biosens. Bioelectron. 23, 151-160 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koenderink, A. F.

H. Mertens, A. F. Koenderink, and A. Polman, "Plasmon-enhanced luminescence near noble-metal nanospheres: Comparison of exact theory and an improved Gersten and Nitzan model," Phys. Rev. B 76, 115123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Konda, R. B.

R. B. Konda, R. Mundle, H. Mustafa, O. Bamiduro, A. K. Pradhan, U. N. Roy, Y. Cui, and A. Burger, "Surface plasmon excitation via Au nanoparticles in n-CdSe/p-Si heterojunction diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kreibig, U.

M. Westphalen, U. Kreibig, J. Rostalski, H. Lüth, and D. Meissner, "Metal cluster enhanced organic solar cells," Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 61, 97-105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kroll, U.

J. Meier, S. Dubail, S. Golay, U. Kroll, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, L. Feitknecht, J. Dubail, and A. Shah, "Microcrystalline silicon and the impact on micromorph tandem solar cells," Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 74, 457-467 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lagemaatb, J. v. d.

A. J. Morfa, K. L. Rowlen, T. H. Reilly III, M. J. Romero, and J. v. d. Lagemaatb, "Plasmon-enhanced solar energy conversion in organic bulk heterojunction photovoltaics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lagendijk, A.

E. Snoeks, A. Lagendijk, and A. Polman, "Measuring and modifying the spontaneous emission rate of erbium near an interface," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2459 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Langhammer, C.

C. Langhammer, M. Schwind, B. Kasemo, and I. Zoric, "Localized Surface Plasmon Resonances in Aluminum Nanodisks," Nano Lett. 8, 1461-1471 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Langhammer, B. Kasemo, and I. Zorić, "Absorption and scattering of light by Pt, Pd, Ag, and Au nanodisks: Absolute cross sections and branching ratios," J. Chem. Phys. 126, 194702 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liao, P. F.

A. Wokaun, J. P. Gordon, and P. F. Liao, "Radiation damping in surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 957 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Lim, S. H.

S. H. Lim, W. Mar, P. Matheu, D. Derkacs, and E. T. Yu, "Photocurrent spectroscopy of optical absorption enhancement in silicon photodiodes via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in gold nanoparticles," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 104309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, "Improved performance of amorphous silicon solar cells via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in nearby metallic nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lüth, H.

M. Westphalen, U. Kreibig, J. Rostalski, H. Lüth, and D. Meissner, "Metal cluster enhanced organic solar cells," Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 61, 97-105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Maier, S. A.

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and H. A. Atwater, "Plasmonics - A route to nanoscale optical devices," Adv. Mat. 13, 1501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mar, W.

S. H. Lim, W. Mar, P. Matheu, D. Derkacs, and E. T. Yu, "Photocurrent spectroscopy of optical absorption enhancement in silicon photodiodes via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in gold nanoparticles," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 104309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, "Improved performance of amorphous silicon solar cells via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in nearby metallic nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matheu, P.

S. H. Lim, W. Mar, P. Matheu, D. Derkacs, and E. T. Yu, "Photocurrent spectroscopy of optical absorption enhancement in silicon photodiodes via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in gold nanoparticles," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 104309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, "Improved performance of amorphous silicon solar cells via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in nearby metallic nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mayer, M.

Meier, J.

J. Meier, S. Dubail, S. Golay, U. Kroll, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, L. Feitknecht, J. Dubail, and A. Shah, "Microcrystalline silicon and the impact on micromorph tandem solar cells," Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 74, 457-467 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Meier, M.

Meissner, D.

M. Westphalen, U. Kreibig, J. Rostalski, H. Lüth, and D. Meissner, "Metal cluster enhanced organic solar cells," Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 61, 97-105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Meltzer, S.

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and H. A. Atwater, "Plasmonics - A route to nanoscale optical devices," Adv. Mat. 13, 1501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mertens, H.

H. Mertens, A. F. Koenderink, and A. Polman, "Plasmon-enhanced luminescence near noble-metal nanospheres: Comparison of exact theory and an improved Gersten and Nitzan model," Phys. Rev. B 76, 115123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Mertens, J. Verhoeven, A. Polman, and F. D. Tichelaar, "Infrared surface plasmons in two-dimensional silver nanoparticle arrays in silicon," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1317-1319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mertz, J.

Mirin, N.

S. P. Sundararajan, N. K. Grady, N. Mirin, and N. J. Halas, "Nanoparticle-Induced Enhancement and Suppression of Photocurrent in a Silicon Photodiode," Nano Lett. 8, 624-630 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morfa, A. J.

A. J. Morfa, K. L. Rowlen, T. H. Reilly III, M. J. Romero, and J. v. d. Lagemaatb, "Plasmon-enhanced solar energy conversion in organic bulk heterojunction photovoltaics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Moskovits, M.

M. Moskovits, "Surface-enhanced spectroscopy," Rev. Mod. Phys. 57, 783 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Müller, J.

J. Müller, B. Rech, J. Springer, and M. Vanecek, "TCO and light trapping in silicon thin film solar cells," Solar Energy 77, 917-930 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mundle, R.

R. B. Konda, R. Mundle, H. Mustafa, O. Bamiduro, A. K. Pradhan, U. N. Roy, Y. Cui, and A. Burger, "Surface plasmon excitation via Au nanoparticles in n-CdSe/p-Si heterojunction diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mustafa, H.

R. B. Konda, R. Mundle, H. Mustafa, O. Bamiduro, A. K. Pradhan, U. N. Roy, Y. Cui, and A. Burger, "Surface plasmon excitation via Au nanoparticles in n-CdSe/p-Si heterojunction diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakao, S.

G. Xu, M. Tazawa, P. Jin, S. Nakao, and K. Yoshimura, "Wavelength tuning of surface plasmon resonance using dielectric layers on silver island films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3811-3813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nie, S.

S. Nie and R. Emory, "Probing single molecules and single nanoparticles by surface-enhanced Raman scattering " Science 275, 1102 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petersson, G.

C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, G. Petersson, and B. Kasemo, "Electromagnetic coupling of light into a silicon solar cell by nanodisk plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 053110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Peumans, P.

B. P. Rand, P. Peumans, and S. R. Forrest, "Long-range absorption enhancement in organic tandem thin-film solar cells containing silver nanoclusters," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 7519 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pillai, S.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, "Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, "Enhanced emission from thin Si based LEDs using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. R. Catchpole and S. Pillai, "Absorption enhancement due to scattering by dipoles into silicon waveguides," J. Appl. Phys. 100, 044504 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Polman, A.

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, "Design principles for particle plasmon enhanced solar cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 191113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Mertens, A. F. Koenderink, and A. Polman, "Plasmon-enhanced luminescence near noble-metal nanospheres: Comparison of exact theory and an improved Gersten and Nitzan model," Phys. Rev. B 76, 115123 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Mertens, J. Verhoeven, A. Polman, and F. D. Tichelaar, "Infrared surface plasmons in two-dimensional silver nanoparticle arrays in silicon," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1317-1319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Snoeks, A. Lagendijk, and A. Polman, "Measuring and modifying the spontaneous emission rate of erbium near an interface," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2459 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pradhan, A. K.

R. B. Konda, R. Mundle, H. Mustafa, O. Bamiduro, A. K. Pradhan, U. N. Roy, Y. Cui, and A. Burger, "Surface plasmon excitation via Au nanoparticles in n-CdSe/p-Si heterojunction diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rand, B. P.

B. P. Rand, P. Peumans, and S. R. Forrest, "Long-range absorption enhancement in organic tandem thin-film solar cells containing silver nanoclusters," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 7519 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rech, B.

J. Müller, B. Rech, J. Springer, and M. Vanecek, "TCO and light trapping in silicon thin film solar cells," Solar Energy 77, 917-930 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reilly III, T. H.

A. J. Morfa, K. L. Rowlen, T. H. Reilly III, M. J. Romero, and J. v. d. Lagemaatb, "Plasmon-enhanced solar energy conversion in organic bulk heterojunction photovoltaics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Requicha, A. A. G.

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and H. A. Atwater, "Plasmonics - A route to nanoscale optical devices," Adv. Mat. 13, 1501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Romero, M. J.

A. J. Morfa, K. L. Rowlen, T. H. Reilly III, M. J. Romero, and J. v. d. Lagemaatb, "Plasmon-enhanced solar energy conversion in organic bulk heterojunction photovoltaics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rostalski, J.

M. Westphalen, U. Kreibig, J. Rostalski, H. Lüth, and D. Meissner, "Metal cluster enhanced organic solar cells," Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 61, 97-105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rowlen, K. L.

A. J. Morfa, K. L. Rowlen, T. H. Reilly III, M. J. Romero, and J. v. d. Lagemaatb, "Plasmon-enhanced solar energy conversion in organic bulk heterojunction photovoltaics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Roy, U. N.

R. B. Konda, R. Mundle, H. Mustafa, O. Bamiduro, A. K. Pradhan, U. N. Roy, Y. Cui, and A. Burger, "Surface plasmon excitation via Au nanoparticles in n-CdSe/p-Si heterojunction diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schaadt, D. M.

D. M. Schaadt, B. Feng, and E. T. Yu, "Enhanced semiconductor optical absorption via surface plasmon excitation in metal nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 063106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schatz, G. C.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, "The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment," Journal of Physical Chemistry B 107, 668-677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schwind, M.

C. Langhammer, M. Schwind, B. Kasemo, and I. Zoric, "Localized Surface Plasmon Resonances in Aluminum Nanodisks," Nano Lett. 8, 1461-1471 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shah, A.

J. Meier, S. Dubail, S. Golay, U. Kroll, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, L. Feitknecht, J. Dubail, and A. Shah, "Microcrystalline silicon and the impact on micromorph tandem solar cells," Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 74, 457-467 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Snoeks, E.

E. Snoeks, A. Lagendijk, and A. Polman, "Measuring and modifying the spontaneous emission rate of erbium near an interface," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2459 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soller, B. J.

B. J. Soller and D. G. Hall, "Scattering enhancement from an array of interacting dipoles near a planar waveguide," J. Opt. Soc. Am.B-Opt. Phys. 19, 2437-2448 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Soller, H. R. Stuart, and D. G. Hall, "Energy transfer at optical frequencies to silicon-on-insulator structures," Opt. Lett. 26, 1421 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Springer, J.

J. Müller, B. Rech, J. Springer, and M. Vanecek, "TCO and light trapping in silicon thin film solar cells," Solar Energy 77, 917-930 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stanley, R.

Stuart, H. R.

Sundararajan, S. P.

S. P. Sundararajan, N. K. Grady, N. Mirin, and N. J. Halas, "Nanoparticle-Induced Enhancement and Suppression of Photocurrent in a Silicon Photodiode," Nano Lett. 8, 624-630 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tabrizian, M.

X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, "Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: A review of recent progress," Biosens. Bioelectron. 23, 151-160 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tazawa, M.

G. Xu, M. Tazawa, P. Jin, S. Nakao, and K. Yoshimura, "Wavelength tuning of surface plasmon resonance using dielectric layers on silver island films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3811-3813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tichelaar, F. D.

H. Mertens, J. Verhoeven, A. Polman, and F. D. Tichelaar, "Infrared surface plasmons in two-dimensional silver nanoparticle arrays in silicon," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1317-1319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Trupke, T.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, "Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 093105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, "Enhanced emission from thin Si based LEDs using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vallat-Sauvain, E.

J. Meier, S. Dubail, S. Golay, U. Kroll, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, L. Feitknecht, J. Dubail, and A. Shah, "Microcrystalline silicon and the impact on micromorph tandem solar cells," Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 74, 457-467 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vanecek, M.

J. Müller, B. Rech, J. Springer, and M. Vanecek, "TCO and light trapping in silicon thin film solar cells," Solar Energy 77, 917-930 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Verhoeven, J.

H. Mertens, J. Verhoeven, A. Polman, and F. D. Tichelaar, "Infrared surface plasmons in two-dimensional silver nanoparticle arrays in silicon," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1317-1319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Westphalen, M.

M. Westphalen, U. Kreibig, J. Rostalski, H. Lüth, and D. Meissner, "Metal cluster enhanced organic solar cells," Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 61, 97-105 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wokaun, A.

M. Meier and A. Wokaun, "Enhanced fields on large metal particles: dynamic depolarization," Opt. Lett. 8, 581 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Wokaun, J. P. Gordon, and P. F. Liao, "Radiation damping in surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 957 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Xu, G.

G. Xu, M. Tazawa, P. Jin, S. Nakao, and K. Yoshimura, "Wavelength tuning of surface plasmon resonance using dielectric layers on silver island films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3811-3813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yoshimura, K.

G. Xu, M. Tazawa, P. Jin, S. Nakao, and K. Yoshimura, "Wavelength tuning of surface plasmon resonance using dielectric layers on silver island films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3811-3813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yu, E. T.

S. H. Lim, W. Mar, P. Matheu, D. Derkacs, and E. T. Yu, "Photocurrent spectroscopy of optical absorption enhancement in silicon photodiodes via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in gold nanoparticles," J. Appl. Phys. 101, 104309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, "Improved performance of amorphous silicon solar cells via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in nearby metallic nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Schaadt, B. Feng, and E. T. Yu, "Enhanced semiconductor optical absorption via surface plasmon excitation in metal nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 063106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zäch, M.

C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, and B. Kasemo, "Enhanced charge carrier generation in dye sensitized solar cells by nanoparticle plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, G. Petersson, and B. Kasemo, "Electromagnetic coupling of light into a silicon solar cell by nanodisk plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 053110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, "Enhanced emission from thin Si based LEDs using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, "Enhanced emission from thin Si based LEDs using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, L. L.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, "The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: The influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment," Journal of Physical Chemistry B 107, 668-677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zoric, I.

C. Langhammer, M. Schwind, B. Kasemo, and I. Zoric, "Localized Surface Plasmon Resonances in Aluminum Nanodisks," Nano Lett. 8, 1461-1471 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Langhammer, B. Kasemo, and I. Zorić, "Absorption and scattering of light by Pt, Pd, Ag, and Au nanodisks: Absolute cross sections and branching ratios," J. Chem. Phys. 126, 194702 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Mat. (1)

S. A. Maier, M. L. Brongersma, P. G. Kik, S. Meltzer, A. A. G. Requicha, and H. A. Atwater, "Plasmonics - A route to nanoscale optical devices," Adv. Mat. 13, 1501 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (11)

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, G. Zhang, J. Zhao, and M. A. Green, "Enhanced emission from thin Si based LEDs using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 161102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Morfa, K. L. Rowlen, T. H. Reilly III, M. J. Romero, and J. v. d. Lagemaatb, "Plasmon-enhanced solar energy conversion in organic bulk heterojunction photovoltaics," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. B. Konda, R. Mundle, H. Mustafa, O. Bamiduro, A. K. Pradhan, U. N. Roy, Y. Cui, and A. Burger, "Surface plasmon excitation via Au nanoparticles in n-CdSe/p-Si heterojunction diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 191111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, and B. Kasemo, "Enhanced charge carrier generation in dye sensitized solar cells by nanoparticle plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 013113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, "Design principles for particle plasmon enhanced solar cells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 191113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Stuart and D. G. Hall, "Island size effects in nanoparticle-enhanced photodetectors " Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 3815 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Schaadt, B. Feng, and E. T. Yu, "Enhanced semiconductor optical absorption via surface plasmon excitation in metal nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 063106 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, "Improved performance of amorphous silicon solar cells via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in nearby metallic nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Xu, M. Tazawa, P. Jin, S. Nakao, and K. Yoshimura, "Wavelength tuning of surface plasmon resonance using dielectric layers on silver island films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3811-3813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Mertens, J. Verhoeven, A. Polman, and F. D. Tichelaar, "Infrared surface plasmons in two-dimensional silver nanoparticle arrays in silicon," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1317-1319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, G. Petersson, and B. Kasemo, "Electromagnetic coupling of light into a silicon solar cell by nanodisk plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 053110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B-Opt. Phys. (1)

B. J. Soller and D. G. Hall, "Scattering enhancement from an array of interacting dipoles near a planar waveguide," J. Opt. Soc. Am.B-Opt. Phys. 19, 2437-2448 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Biosens. Bioelectron. (1)

X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, "Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: A review of recent progress," Biosens. Bioelectron. 23, 151-160 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (4)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Extinction (solid lines) and scattering (dashed lines) cross-sections for 100-nm diameter Ag spheres embedded in air (black), Si3N4 (n=2, blue) and Si (red), normalized by the projected area of the sphere. The dipolar resonance for Si peaks at 1190 nm and is outside the range of the graph.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Radiation patterns for a point dipole oriented parallel to the surface at a distance of 20 nm from a Si substrate (blue dashed line). The radiation pattern for the case of free space is shown for reference (black solid line). b) Radiation patterns for a parallel point dipole 20 nm (blue dashed line) and 60 nm (red solid line) from a Si substrate.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Normalized scattering cross section for light scattered from a point-dipole into a Si substrate, as a function of distance to the substrate (blue dashed line). Also plotted is the fraction of light scattered into the substrate as a function of distance (red solid line).

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

C scat = 1 6 π ( 2 π λ ) 4 α 2 , C abs = 2 π λ Im [ α ]
α = 3 V [ ε p ε m 1 ε p ε m + 2 ]
ε = 1 ω p ω 2 + i γ ω
α = 3 V ω p 2 ω p 2 3 ω 2 i γ ω

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