Abstract

A novel scheme to eliminate the artificial background phase jitter is proposed for measuring the carrier-envelope phase drift of tunable infrared femtosecond pulses from an OPA laser. Different from previous methods, a reference spectral interference measurement is performed, which reveals the artificial phase jitter in the measurement process, in addition to the normal f-to-2f interference measurement between the incident laser pulses and it second harmonic. By analyzing the interference fringes, the accurate CEP fluctuation of the incident pulses is obtained.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Jones, A. Diddams, K. Ranka, A. Stentz, S. Windeler, L. Hall, and T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Z. Zeng, R. Li, W. Yu, and Z. Xu, "Effect of the carrier-envelope phase of the driving laser field on the high-order harmonic attosecond pulse," Phys. Rev. A 67, 013815 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of an Extreme Ultraviolet Supercontinuum in a Two-Color Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. W. Yang, X. Song, S. Gong, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Dependence of Few-Cycle Ultrashort Laser Pulse Propagation in a Polar Molecule Medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 133602 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, S. Gasilov, G. Sansone, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Millijoule-level phase-stabilized few-optical-cycle infrared parametric source," Opt. Lett. 32, 2957-2959 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Controlling the Carrier-Envelope Phase of Ultrashort Light Pulses with Optical Parametric Amplifiers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 1339011 (2002).
  8. A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovler, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Phase-Controlled Amplification of Few-Cycle Laser Pulses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 972-989 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. S. Lee, J. H. Sung, C. H. Nam, T. J. Yu, and K. H. Hong, "Novel method for carrier-envelope-phase stabilization of femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Express 13, 2969-2976 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Kakehata, H. Takada, Y. Kobayashi, K. Torizuka, Y. Fujihara, T. Homma, and H. Takahashi, "Single-shot measurement of carrier-envelope phase changes by spectral interferometry," Opt. Lett. 26, 1436-1438 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Zhang, J. Wang, P. Wei, L. Song, C. Li, C. Kim, and Y. Leng, "Tunable phase-stabilized infrared parametric laser source," Chin. Phys. B (In press).
  12. M. Takeda, H. Ina, and S. Kobayashi, "Fourier-transform method of fringe-pattern analysis for computer-based topography and interferometry," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 156-160 (1982).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (3)

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of an Extreme Ultraviolet Supercontinuum in a Two-Color Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Yang, X. Song, S. Gong, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Dependence of Few-Cycle Ultrashort Laser Pulse Propagation in a Polar Molecule Medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 133602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, E. Benedetti, S. Gasilov, G. Sansone, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Silvestri, and S. Stagira, "Millijoule-level phase-stabilized few-optical-cycle infrared parametric source," Opt. Lett. 32, 2957-2959 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2003 (3)

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zeng, R. Li, W. Yu, and Z. Xu, "Effect of the carrier-envelope phase of the driving laser field on the high-order harmonic attosecond pulse," Phys. Rev. A 67, 013815 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovler, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Phase-Controlled Amplification of Few-Cycle Laser Pulses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 972-989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Controlling the Carrier-Envelope Phase of Ultrashort Light Pulses with Optical Parametric Amplifiers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 1339011 (2002).

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

J. Jones, A. Diddams, K. Ranka, A. Stentz, S. Windeler, L. Hall, and T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1982 (1)

Baltuška, A.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovler, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Phase-Controlled Amplification of Few-Cycle Laser Pulses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 972-989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Controlling the Carrier-Envelope Phase of Ultrashort Light Pulses with Optical Parametric Amplifiers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 1339011 (2002).

Benedetti, E.

Calegari, F.

Cerullo, G.

Cheng, Y.

W. Yang, X. Song, S. Gong, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Dependence of Few-Cycle Ultrashort Laser Pulse Propagation in a Polar Molecule Medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 133602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of an Extreme Ultraviolet Supercontinuum in a Two-Color Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cundiff, T.

J. Jones, A. Diddams, K. Ranka, A. Stentz, S. Windeler, L. Hall, and T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, A.

J. Jones, A. Diddams, K. Ranka, A. Stentz, S. Windeler, L. Hall, and T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fuji, T.

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Controlling the Carrier-Envelope Phase of Ultrashort Light Pulses with Optical Parametric Amplifiers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 1339011 (2002).

Fujihara, Y.

Gasilov, S.

Gohle, C.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gong, S.

W. Yang, X. Song, S. Gong, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Dependence of Few-Cycle Ultrashort Laser Pulse Propagation in a Polar Molecule Medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 133602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovler, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Phase-Controlled Amplification of Few-Cycle Laser Pulses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 972-989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hall, L.

J. Jones, A. Diddams, K. Ranka, A. Stentz, S. Windeler, L. Hall, and T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovler, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Phase-Controlled Amplification of Few-Cycle Laser Pulses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 972-989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Homma, T.

Hong, K. H.

Ina, H.

Jones, J.

J. Jones, A. Diddams, K. Ranka, A. Stentz, S. Windeler, L. Hall, and T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kakehata, M.

Kienberger, R.

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovler, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Phase-Controlled Amplification of Few-Cycle Laser Pulses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 972-989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C.

C. Zhang, J. Wang, P. Wei, L. Song, C. Li, C. Kim, and Y. Leng, "Tunable phase-stabilized infrared parametric laser source," Chin. Phys. B (In press).

Kobayashi, S.

Kobayashi, T.

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Controlling the Carrier-Envelope Phase of Ultrashort Light Pulses with Optical Parametric Amplifiers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 1339011 (2002).

Kobayashi, Y.

Krausz, F.

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovler, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Phase-Controlled Amplification of Few-Cycle Laser Pulses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 972-989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, Y. S.

Leng, Y.

C. Zhang, J. Wang, P. Wei, L. Song, C. Li, C. Kim, and Y. Leng, "Tunable phase-stabilized infrared parametric laser source," Chin. Phys. B (In press).

Li, C.

C. Zhang, J. Wang, P. Wei, L. Song, C. Li, C. Kim, and Y. Leng, "Tunable phase-stabilized infrared parametric laser source," Chin. Phys. B (In press).

Li, R.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of an Extreme Ultraviolet Supercontinuum in a Two-Color Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zeng, R. Li, W. Yu, and Z. Xu, "Effect of the carrier-envelope phase of the driving laser field on the high-order harmonic attosecond pulse," Phys. Rev. A 67, 013815 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nam, C. H.

Nisoli, M.

Ranka, K.

J. Jones, A. Diddams, K. Ranka, A. Stentz, S. Windeler, L. Hall, and T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sansone, G.

Scrinzi, A.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silvestri, S.

Song, L.

C. Zhang, J. Wang, P. Wei, L. Song, C. Li, C. Kim, and Y. Leng, "Tunable phase-stabilized infrared parametric laser source," Chin. Phys. B (In press).

Song, X.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of an Extreme Ultraviolet Supercontinuum in a Two-Color Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Yang, X. Song, S. Gong, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Dependence of Few-Cycle Ultrashort Laser Pulse Propagation in a Polar Molecule Medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 133602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stagira, S.

Stentz, A.

J. Jones, A. Diddams, K. Ranka, A. Stentz, S. Windeler, L. Hall, and T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sung, J. H.

Takada, H.

Takahashi, H.

Takeda, M.

Torizuka, K.

Udem, T.

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovler, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Phase-Controlled Amplification of Few-Cycle Laser Pulses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 972-989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovler, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Phase-Controlled Amplification of Few-Cycle Laser Pulses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 972-989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vozzi, C.

Wang, J.

C. Zhang, J. Wang, P. Wei, L. Song, C. Li, C. Kim, and Y. Leng, "Tunable phase-stabilized infrared parametric laser source," Chin. Phys. B (In press).

Wei, P.

C. Zhang, J. Wang, P. Wei, L. Song, C. Li, C. Kim, and Y. Leng, "Tunable phase-stabilized infrared parametric laser source," Chin. Phys. B (In press).

Windeler, S.

J. Jones, A. Diddams, K. Ranka, A. Stentz, S. Windeler, L. Hall, and T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, Z.

W. Yang, X. Song, S. Gong, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Dependence of Few-Cycle Ultrashort Laser Pulse Propagation in a Polar Molecule Medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 133602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of an Extreme Ultraviolet Supercontinuum in a Two-Color Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zeng, R. Li, W. Yu, and Z. Xu, "Effect of the carrier-envelope phase of the driving laser field on the high-order harmonic attosecond pulse," Phys. Rev. A 67, 013815 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yakovler, V. S.

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovler, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Phase-Controlled Amplification of Few-Cycle Laser Pulses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 972-989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V. S.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, W.

W. Yang, X. Song, S. Gong, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Dependence of Few-Cycle Ultrashort Laser Pulse Propagation in a Polar Molecule Medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 133602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, T. J.

Yu, W.

Z. Zeng, R. Li, W. Yu, and Z. Xu, "Effect of the carrier-envelope phase of the driving laser field on the high-order harmonic attosecond pulse," Phys. Rev. A 67, 013815 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, Z.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of an Extreme Ultraviolet Supercontinuum in a Two-Color Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zeng, R. Li, W. Yu, and Z. Xu, "Effect of the carrier-envelope phase of the driving laser field on the high-order harmonic attosecond pulse," Phys. Rev. A 67, 013815 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

C. Zhang, J. Wang, P. Wei, L. Song, C. Li, C. Kim, and Y. Leng, "Tunable phase-stabilized infrared parametric laser source," Chin. Phys. B (In press).

Chin. Phys. B (1)

C. Zhang, J. Wang, P. Wei, L. Song, C. Li, C. Kim, and Y. Leng, "Tunable phase-stabilized infrared parametric laser source," Chin. Phys. B (In press).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovler, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Phase-Controlled Amplification of Few-Cycle Laser Pulses," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 972-989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Nature (1)

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

Z. Zeng, R. Li, W. Yu, and Z. Xu, "Effect of the carrier-envelope phase of the driving laser field on the high-order harmonic attosecond pulse," Phys. Rev. A 67, 013815 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of an Extreme Ultraviolet Supercontinuum in a Two-Color Laser Field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Yang, X. Song, S. Gong, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Dependence of Few-Cycle Ultrashort Laser Pulse Propagation in a Polar Molecule Medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 133602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Controlling the Carrier-Envelope Phase of Ultrashort Light Pulses with Optical Parametric Amplifiers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 1339011 (2002).

Science (1)

J. Jones, A. Diddams, K. Ranka, A. Stentz, S. Windeler, L. Hall, and T. Cundiff, "Carrier-Envelope Phase Control of Femtosecond Mode-Locked Lasers and Direct Optical Frequency Synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup: OPA, optical parametric amplifier or other laser source with CEP stabilization; VND, variable neutral density filter; L, focusing lens; BS1,2, beam splitters; M, mirrors; BBO, 3-mm-thick β-BaB2O crystal plate; λ/2, half-wavelength waveplate.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Two groups of interference fringes (for 1.6µm incident pulses): (a) the fringes from 880 nm to 950 nm caused by the white-light from path 1 and the SH from path 2; (b) the fringes from 990 nm to 1020 nm caused by the interference of the white-light from both paths.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a). Left panel, single-shot interferogram of two fundamental components from path 1 and path 2. Right panel, sequence of interferograms acquired over 3500s. (b) Left panel, single-shot interferogram of fundamental component from path 1 and SH component from path 2. Right panel, sequence of interferograms acquired over 3500s.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Reconstructed phase fluctuations over 3500s. (a) Mixing phase jitter of both real CE phase and the measurement noise (φce&noise). (b) Measurement noise due to artificial background phase jitter (φnoise). (c) Accurate CE phase (φce) of incident laser pulses.

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