Abstract

Measurements to date of the wavelength dependency of gain recovery time in semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOAs) have mostly used pump-probe techniques with a pump and probe operated on distinct wavelengths. Choice of pump wavelength, and its relative proximity to the probe wavelength, could influence measurements and impede unambiguous observation of wavelength dependence on recovery dynamics. We use a single-color pump-probe measurement technique to directly access the wavelength dependence of the gain recovery time in bulk InGaAsP SOAs. We used ultrashort pulses from a single mode locked laser to measure unambiguously the spectral dependency and temporal behavior of SOAs. Simulation results using a model that takes into account intra-band and inter-band contributions to SOA saturation, as well as experimental results for the SOA tested, show recovery rate dependency similar to gain spectrum.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W. Mathlouthi, P. Lemieux, M. Salsi, A. Vannucci, A. Bononi, and L. A. Rusch, “Fast and efficient dynamic WDM semiconductor optical amplifier model,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4353–4365 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  2. K. L. Hall, G. Lenz, A. M. Darwish, and E. P. Ippen, “Subpicosecond gain and index nonlinearities in InGaAsP diode Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 111, 589–612 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  3. L. Occhi, Y. Ito, H. Kawaguchi, L. Schares, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, “Intraband gain dynamics in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers: Measurement and simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 54–60 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  4. T. Katayama and H. Kawagachi, “Measurement of ultrafast cross-gain Saturation dynamics of semiconductor optical amplifier using two-color pump-probe technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 855–857 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  5. F. Ginovart, M. Amaya, and A. Sharaiha, “Semiconductor optical amplifier studies under optical injection at the transparency wavelength in copropagative configuration,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 840–849 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. Dailey and T. L. Koch, “Impact of carrier heating on SOA transmission dynamics for wavelength conversion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1078–1080 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  7. S. Philippe, F. Surre, A. L. Bradley, P. Landais, and M. Martinez-Rozas, “Dynamic pump-probe studies of TE and TM modes in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Proc. of SPIE 5825, 267–274 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. Mark and J. Mork, “Subpicosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers: experiment and theory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2281–2283 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  9. K. L. Hall, J. Mark, E. P. Ippen, and G. Eisenstein, “Femtosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1740–1742 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  10. C. T. Hultgren, D. J. Dougherty, and E. P. Ippen, “Above and below-band femtosecond nonlinearities in active AlGaAs waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2767–2769 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  11. R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, and J. K. Lucek, “Recovery rate in semiconductor laser amplifiers: optical and electrical bias dependencies,” IEE Electron. Lett. 30, 1233–1235 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  12. F. Girardin, G. Guekos, and A. Houbavlis, “Gain recovery of Bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 784–786 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  13. R. Giller, R. J. Manning, and D. Cotter, “Gain and phase recovery of optically excited semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1061–1063 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  14. F. Ginovart and J. C. Simon, “Wavelength dependence of gain recovery time in a semiconductor optical amplifier based wavelength shifter,” Proc. IEEE CLEO181 (2003).
  15. F. Ginovart, M. Amaya, and A. Sharaiha, “Wavelength dependence of semiconductor optical amplifier gain recovery time with optical injection at the transparency wavelength,” Proc. ICTTA 2, 2073–2078 (2006).
  16. X. Li, D. Alexandropoulos, M. J. Adams, and I. F. Lealman, “Wavelength dependence of gain recovery time in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Proc. of the SPIE 5722, 343–350 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  17. R. Giller, R. J. Manning, G. Talli, R. P. Webb, and M. J. Adams, “Analysis of the dimensional dependence of semiconductor optical amplifier recovery speeds,” Opt. Express 15, 1773–1782 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. A. Mecozzi and J. Mork, “Saturation effects in nondegenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1190–1207 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  19. K. Inoue, T. Mukai, and T. Saitoh, “Gain saturation dependence on signal wavelength in a travelling-wave semiconductor laser amplifier,” IEE Electron. Lett. 23, 328–329 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  20. D. Cassioli, S. Scotti, and A. Mecozzi, “A time-domain computer simulator of the nonlinear response of semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1072–1080 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  21. J. Mork and J. Mark, “Time-resolved spectroscopy of semiconductor laser devices: experiments and modelling,” Proc. of SPIE 2399, 146–149 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  22. G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self phase modulation and spectral broadning of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297–2306 (1989).
    [Crossref]

2007 (3)

F. Ginovart, M. Amaya, and A. Sharaiha, “Semiconductor optical amplifier studies under optical injection at the transparency wavelength in copropagative configuration,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 840–849 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Dailey and T. L. Koch, “Impact of carrier heating on SOA transmission dynamics for wavelength conversion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1078–1080 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Giller, R. J. Manning, G. Talli, R. P. Webb, and M. J. Adams, “Analysis of the dimensional dependence of semiconductor optical amplifier recovery speeds,” Opt. Express 15, 1773–1782 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

F. Ginovart, M. Amaya, and A. Sharaiha, “Wavelength dependence of semiconductor optical amplifier gain recovery time with optical injection at the transparency wavelength,” Proc. ICTTA 2, 2073–2078 (2006).

R. Giller, R. J. Manning, and D. Cotter, “Gain and phase recovery of optically excited semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1061–1063 (2006).
[Crossref]

W. Mathlouthi, P. Lemieux, M. Salsi, A. Vannucci, A. Bononi, and L. A. Rusch, “Fast and efficient dynamic WDM semiconductor optical amplifier model,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4353–4365 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

S. Philippe, F. Surre, A. L. Bradley, P. Landais, and M. Martinez-Rozas, “Dynamic pump-probe studies of TE and TM modes in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Proc. of SPIE 5825, 267–274 (2005).
[Crossref]

X. Li, D. Alexandropoulos, M. J. Adams, and I. F. Lealman, “Wavelength dependence of gain recovery time in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Proc. of the SPIE 5722, 343–350 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

T. Katayama and H. Kawagachi, “Measurement of ultrafast cross-gain Saturation dynamics of semiconductor optical amplifier using two-color pump-probe technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 855–857 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

F. Ginovart and J. C. Simon, “Wavelength dependence of gain recovery time in a semiconductor optical amplifier based wavelength shifter,” Proc. IEEE CLEO181 (2003).

2002 (1)

L. Occhi, Y. Ito, H. Kawaguchi, L. Schares, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, “Intraband gain dynamics in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers: Measurement and simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 54–60 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

D. Cassioli, S. Scotti, and A. Mecozzi, “A time-domain computer simulator of the nonlinear response of semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1072–1080 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

F. Girardin, G. Guekos, and A. Houbavlis, “Gain recovery of Bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 784–786 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

A. Mecozzi and J. Mork, “Saturation effects in nondegenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1190–1207 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

J. Mork and J. Mark, “Time-resolved spectroscopy of semiconductor laser devices: experiments and modelling,” Proc. of SPIE 2399, 146–149 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (2)

R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, and J. K. Lucek, “Recovery rate in semiconductor laser amplifiers: optical and electrical bias dependencies,” IEE Electron. Lett. 30, 1233–1235 (1994).
[Crossref]

K. L. Hall, G. Lenz, A. M. Darwish, and E. P. Ippen, “Subpicosecond gain and index nonlinearities in InGaAsP diode Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 111, 589–612 (1994).
[Crossref]

1992 (2)

J. Mark and J. Mork, “Subpicosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers: experiment and theory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2281–2283 (1992).
[Crossref]

C. T. Hultgren, D. J. Dougherty, and E. P. Ippen, “Above and below-band femtosecond nonlinearities in active AlGaAs waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2767–2769 (1992).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

K. L. Hall, J. Mark, E. P. Ippen, and G. Eisenstein, “Femtosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1740–1742 (1990).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self phase modulation and spectral broadning of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297–2306 (1989).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

K. Inoue, T. Mukai, and T. Saitoh, “Gain saturation dependence on signal wavelength in a travelling-wave semiconductor laser amplifier,” IEE Electron. Lett. 23, 328–329 (1987).
[Crossref]

Adams, M. J.

R. Giller, R. J. Manning, G. Talli, R. P. Webb, and M. J. Adams, “Analysis of the dimensional dependence of semiconductor optical amplifier recovery speeds,” Opt. Express 15, 1773–1782 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, D. Alexandropoulos, M. J. Adams, and I. F. Lealman, “Wavelength dependence of gain recovery time in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Proc. of the SPIE 5722, 343–350 (2005).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self phase modulation and spectral broadning of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297–2306 (1989).
[Crossref]

Alexandropoulos, D.

X. Li, D. Alexandropoulos, M. J. Adams, and I. F. Lealman, “Wavelength dependence of gain recovery time in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Proc. of the SPIE 5722, 343–350 (2005).
[Crossref]

Amaya, M.

F. Ginovart, M. Amaya, and A. Sharaiha, “Semiconductor optical amplifier studies under optical injection at the transparency wavelength in copropagative configuration,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 840–849 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Ginovart, M. Amaya, and A. Sharaiha, “Wavelength dependence of semiconductor optical amplifier gain recovery time with optical injection at the transparency wavelength,” Proc. ICTTA 2, 2073–2078 (2006).

Bononi, A.

W. Mathlouthi, P. Lemieux, M. Salsi, A. Vannucci, A. Bononi, and L. A. Rusch, “Fast and efficient dynamic WDM semiconductor optical amplifier model,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4353–4365 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bradley, A. L.

S. Philippe, F. Surre, A. L. Bradley, P. Landais, and M. Martinez-Rozas, “Dynamic pump-probe studies of TE and TM modes in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Proc. of SPIE 5825, 267–274 (2005).
[Crossref]

Cassioli, D.

D. Cassioli, S. Scotti, and A. Mecozzi, “A time-domain computer simulator of the nonlinear response of semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1072–1080 (2000).
[Crossref]

Cotter, D.

R. Giller, R. J. Manning, and D. Cotter, “Gain and phase recovery of optically excited semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1061–1063 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dailey, J.

J. Dailey and T. L. Koch, “Impact of carrier heating on SOA transmission dynamics for wavelength conversion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1078–1080 (2007).
[Crossref]

Darwish, A. M.

K. L. Hall, G. Lenz, A. M. Darwish, and E. P. Ippen, “Subpicosecond gain and index nonlinearities in InGaAsP diode Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 111, 589–612 (1994).
[Crossref]

Davies, D. A. O.

R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, and J. K. Lucek, “Recovery rate in semiconductor laser amplifiers: optical and electrical bias dependencies,” IEE Electron. Lett. 30, 1233–1235 (1994).
[Crossref]

Dougherty, D. J.

C. T. Hultgren, D. J. Dougherty, and E. P. Ippen, “Above and below-band femtosecond nonlinearities in active AlGaAs waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2767–2769 (1992).
[Crossref]

Eckner, J.

L. Occhi, Y. Ito, H. Kawaguchi, L. Schares, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, “Intraband gain dynamics in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers: Measurement and simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 54–60 (2002).
[Crossref]

Eisenstein, G.

K. L. Hall, J. Mark, E. P. Ippen, and G. Eisenstein, “Femtosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1740–1742 (1990).
[Crossref]

Giller, R.

R. Giller, R. J. Manning, G. Talli, R. P. Webb, and M. J. Adams, “Analysis of the dimensional dependence of semiconductor optical amplifier recovery speeds,” Opt. Express 15, 1773–1782 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Giller, R. J. Manning, and D. Cotter, “Gain and phase recovery of optically excited semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1061–1063 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ginovart, F.

F. Ginovart, M. Amaya, and A. Sharaiha, “Semiconductor optical amplifier studies under optical injection at the transparency wavelength in copropagative configuration,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 840–849 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Ginovart, M. Amaya, and A. Sharaiha, “Wavelength dependence of semiconductor optical amplifier gain recovery time with optical injection at the transparency wavelength,” Proc. ICTTA 2, 2073–2078 (2006).

F. Ginovart and J. C. Simon, “Wavelength dependence of gain recovery time in a semiconductor optical amplifier based wavelength shifter,” Proc. IEEE CLEO181 (2003).

Girardin, F.

F. Girardin, G. Guekos, and A. Houbavlis, “Gain recovery of Bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 784–786 (1998).
[Crossref]

Guekos, G.

L. Occhi, Y. Ito, H. Kawaguchi, L. Schares, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, “Intraband gain dynamics in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers: Measurement and simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 54–60 (2002).
[Crossref]

F. Girardin, G. Guekos, and A. Houbavlis, “Gain recovery of Bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 784–786 (1998).
[Crossref]

Hall, K. L.

K. L. Hall, G. Lenz, A. M. Darwish, and E. P. Ippen, “Subpicosecond gain and index nonlinearities in InGaAsP diode Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 111, 589–612 (1994).
[Crossref]

K. L. Hall, J. Mark, E. P. Ippen, and G. Eisenstein, “Femtosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1740–1742 (1990).
[Crossref]

Houbavlis, A.

F. Girardin, G. Guekos, and A. Houbavlis, “Gain recovery of Bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 784–786 (1998).
[Crossref]

Hultgren, C. T.

C. T. Hultgren, D. J. Dougherty, and E. P. Ippen, “Above and below-band femtosecond nonlinearities in active AlGaAs waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2767–2769 (1992).
[Crossref]

Inoue, K.

K. Inoue, T. Mukai, and T. Saitoh, “Gain saturation dependence on signal wavelength in a travelling-wave semiconductor laser amplifier,” IEE Electron. Lett. 23, 328–329 (1987).
[Crossref]

Ippen, E. P.

K. L. Hall, G. Lenz, A. M. Darwish, and E. P. Ippen, “Subpicosecond gain and index nonlinearities in InGaAsP diode Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 111, 589–612 (1994).
[Crossref]

C. T. Hultgren, D. J. Dougherty, and E. P. Ippen, “Above and below-band femtosecond nonlinearities in active AlGaAs waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2767–2769 (1992).
[Crossref]

K. L. Hall, J. Mark, E. P. Ippen, and G. Eisenstein, “Femtosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1740–1742 (1990).
[Crossref]

Ito, Y.

L. Occhi, Y. Ito, H. Kawaguchi, L. Schares, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, “Intraband gain dynamics in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers: Measurement and simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 54–60 (2002).
[Crossref]

Katayama, T.

T. Katayama and H. Kawagachi, “Measurement of ultrafast cross-gain Saturation dynamics of semiconductor optical amplifier using two-color pump-probe technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 855–857 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kawagachi, H.

T. Katayama and H. Kawagachi, “Measurement of ultrafast cross-gain Saturation dynamics of semiconductor optical amplifier using two-color pump-probe technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 855–857 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kawaguchi, H.

L. Occhi, Y. Ito, H. Kawaguchi, L. Schares, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, “Intraband gain dynamics in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers: Measurement and simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 54–60 (2002).
[Crossref]

Koch, T. L.

J. Dailey and T. L. Koch, “Impact of carrier heating on SOA transmission dynamics for wavelength conversion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1078–1080 (2007).
[Crossref]

Landais, P.

S. Philippe, F. Surre, A. L. Bradley, P. Landais, and M. Martinez-Rozas, “Dynamic pump-probe studies of TE and TM modes in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Proc. of SPIE 5825, 267–274 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lealman, I. F.

X. Li, D. Alexandropoulos, M. J. Adams, and I. F. Lealman, “Wavelength dependence of gain recovery time in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Proc. of the SPIE 5722, 343–350 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lemieux, P.

W. Mathlouthi, P. Lemieux, M. Salsi, A. Vannucci, A. Bononi, and L. A. Rusch, “Fast and efficient dynamic WDM semiconductor optical amplifier model,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4353–4365 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lenz, G.

K. L. Hall, G. Lenz, A. M. Darwish, and E. P. Ippen, “Subpicosecond gain and index nonlinearities in InGaAsP diode Lasers,” Opt. Commun. 111, 589–612 (1994).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

X. Li, D. Alexandropoulos, M. J. Adams, and I. F. Lealman, “Wavelength dependence of gain recovery time in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Proc. of the SPIE 5722, 343–350 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lucek, J. K.

R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, and J. K. Lucek, “Recovery rate in semiconductor laser amplifiers: optical and electrical bias dependencies,” IEE Electron. Lett. 30, 1233–1235 (1994).
[Crossref]

Manning, R. J.

R. Giller, R. J. Manning, G. Talli, R. P. Webb, and M. J. Adams, “Analysis of the dimensional dependence of semiconductor optical amplifier recovery speeds,” Opt. Express 15, 1773–1782 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Giller, R. J. Manning, and D. Cotter, “Gain and phase recovery of optically excited semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1061–1063 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, and J. K. Lucek, “Recovery rate in semiconductor laser amplifiers: optical and electrical bias dependencies,” IEE Electron. Lett. 30, 1233–1235 (1994).
[Crossref]

Mark, J.

J. Mork and J. Mark, “Time-resolved spectroscopy of semiconductor laser devices: experiments and modelling,” Proc. of SPIE 2399, 146–149 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Mark and J. Mork, “Subpicosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers: experiment and theory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2281–2283 (1992).
[Crossref]

K. L. Hall, J. Mark, E. P. Ippen, and G. Eisenstein, “Femtosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1740–1742 (1990).
[Crossref]

Martinez-Rozas, M.

S. Philippe, F. Surre, A. L. Bradley, P. Landais, and M. Martinez-Rozas, “Dynamic pump-probe studies of TE and TM modes in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Proc. of SPIE 5825, 267–274 (2005).
[Crossref]

Mathlouthi, W.

W. Mathlouthi, P. Lemieux, M. Salsi, A. Vannucci, A. Bononi, and L. A. Rusch, “Fast and efficient dynamic WDM semiconductor optical amplifier model,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4353–4365 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mecozzi, A.

D. Cassioli, S. Scotti, and A. Mecozzi, “A time-domain computer simulator of the nonlinear response of semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1072–1080 (2000).
[Crossref]

A. Mecozzi and J. Mork, “Saturation effects in nondegenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1190–1207 (1997).
[Crossref]

Mork, J.

A. Mecozzi and J. Mork, “Saturation effects in nondegenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1190–1207 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Mork and J. Mark, “Time-resolved spectroscopy of semiconductor laser devices: experiments and modelling,” Proc. of SPIE 2399, 146–149 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Mark and J. Mork, “Subpicosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers: experiment and theory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2281–2283 (1992).
[Crossref]

Mukai, T.

K. Inoue, T. Mukai, and T. Saitoh, “Gain saturation dependence on signal wavelength in a travelling-wave semiconductor laser amplifier,” IEE Electron. Lett. 23, 328–329 (1987).
[Crossref]

Occhi, L.

L. Occhi, Y. Ito, H. Kawaguchi, L. Schares, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, “Intraband gain dynamics in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers: Measurement and simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 54–60 (2002).
[Crossref]

Olsson, N. A.

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self phase modulation and spectral broadning of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297–2306 (1989).
[Crossref]

Philippe, S.

S. Philippe, F. Surre, A. L. Bradley, P. Landais, and M. Martinez-Rozas, “Dynamic pump-probe studies of TE and TM modes in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Proc. of SPIE 5825, 267–274 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rusch, L. A.

W. Mathlouthi, P. Lemieux, M. Salsi, A. Vannucci, A. Bononi, and L. A. Rusch, “Fast and efficient dynamic WDM semiconductor optical amplifier model,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4353–4365 (2006).
[Crossref]

Saitoh, T.

K. Inoue, T. Mukai, and T. Saitoh, “Gain saturation dependence on signal wavelength in a travelling-wave semiconductor laser amplifier,” IEE Electron. Lett. 23, 328–329 (1987).
[Crossref]

Salsi, M.

W. Mathlouthi, P. Lemieux, M. Salsi, A. Vannucci, A. Bononi, and L. A. Rusch, “Fast and efficient dynamic WDM semiconductor optical amplifier model,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4353–4365 (2006).
[Crossref]

Schares, L.

L. Occhi, Y. Ito, H. Kawaguchi, L. Schares, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, “Intraband gain dynamics in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers: Measurement and simulations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 54–60 (2002).
[Crossref]

Scotti, S.

D. Cassioli, S. Scotti, and A. Mecozzi, “A time-domain computer simulator of the nonlinear response of semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1072–1080 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sharaiha, A.

F. Ginovart, M. Amaya, and A. Sharaiha, “Semiconductor optical amplifier studies under optical injection at the transparency wavelength in copropagative configuration,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 840–849 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Ginovart, M. Amaya, and A. Sharaiha, “Wavelength dependence of semiconductor optical amplifier gain recovery time with optical injection at the transparency wavelength,” Proc. ICTTA 2, 2073–2078 (2006).

Simon, J. C.

F. Ginovart and J. C. Simon, “Wavelength dependence of gain recovery time in a semiconductor optical amplifier based wavelength shifter,” Proc. IEEE CLEO181 (2003).

Surre, F.

S. Philippe, F. Surre, A. L. Bradley, P. Landais, and M. Martinez-Rozas, “Dynamic pump-probe studies of TE and TM modes in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Proc. of SPIE 5825, 267–274 (2005).
[Crossref]

Talli, G.

Vannucci, A.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup. ODL: Optical Delay Line, MLL: Mode-locked Laser, PD: Photodiode, SOA: Semiconductor Optical Amplifier, VOA: Variable Optical Attenuator, PC: Polarization Controller, BPF: Bandpass Filter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Measured change in the normalized probe gain versus pump-probe delay for different wavelengths, GSS is the small signal gain, while GSAT is the saturated gain; time resolution is 3:3 ps; (b) measured gain recovery time as a function of wavelength (squares) and SOA fiber-to-fiber gain spectrum (circles), continuous curves are a fit of the experimental points. Bias current is 500 mA and average pump power -13 dBm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured change in normalized probe gain versus pump-probe delay at 1530 nm for (a) bias current 500 mA and average pump power Pavg =-13 dBm (squares), I=410 mA and Pavg =-13 dBm (circles) and I=410 mA and Pavg =-8 dBm (triangles); (b) simulation fit at I=410 mA and Pavg =-13 dBm using two exponential impulse response. Resolution is 3:3 ps.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

SOA gain as a function of the input coupled power for several wavelengths. Bias current is 500 mA.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Simulation of the contributions of CH, SHB and CDP to the total gain recovery at 1560 nm. (b) Calculated normalized probe gain versus delay for various wavelengths.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Gain recovery time vs. wavelength: measured (circles); solid curve represents simulation results. Bias current is 500 mA and average pump power -13 dBm.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Values of model parameters used in the calculation of the wavelength dependency of the gain recovery time.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

G ˜ G G SAT G SS G SAT = V V min V max V min
h ( t ) = Γ 0 L g m ( z , t ) d z = h CDP ( t ) + h SHB ( t ) + h CH ( t )
d h CDP ( t ) d t = h CDP ( t ) τ CDP P in ( t ) P sat ( λ ) τ CDP [ G ( t ) 1 ] + h o ( λ ) τ CDP
d h SHB ( t ) d t = h SHB ( t ) τ SHB P in ( t ) ε SHB τ SHB [ G ( t ) 1 ] d h CDP ( t ) dt d h CH ( t ) dt
d h CH ( t ) d t = h CH ( t ) τ CH P in ( t ) ε CH τ CH [ G ( t ) 1 ]
G ( t ) = e ( h CDP ( t ) + h SHB ( t ) + h CH ( t ) )

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