Abstract

The sensitivity of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors based on gratings using angular interrogation is improved by optimizing the 1st-order diffraction dip recently but still can not exceed the prism-based systems. To improve the sensitivity of grating-based systems in another way, we realize sharp dips of the higher diffraction orders and propose double-dips method (DDM), a new way using the separation of two sharp dips of different orders to improve the sensitivity of SPR sensors based on gratings with good linearity. By DDM, the grating-based systems’ sensitivity is improved into more than 237 deg/RIU, more sensitive than the prism-based systems in the same condition, and the quality parameter χ factor reaches more than 95. In different performance comparisons, DDM has roundly better performances than other methods. Moreover, when the grating profile errs from rectangle, DDM still works well.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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2008 (1)

2007 (3)

K. M. Byun, S. J. Kim, and D. Kim, "Grating-coupled transmission-type surface plasmon resonance sensors based on dielectric and metallic gratings," Appl. Opt. 46, 5703-5708 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, "Light in tiny holes," Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Gupta and J. Kondon, "Tuning and sensitivity enhancement of surface plasmon resonance sensor," Sens. Actuators B 122, 381-388 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

J. Bravo-Abad, A. Degiron, F. Przybilla, C. Genet, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and T. W. Ebbesen, "How light emerges from an illuminated array of subwavelength holes," Nat. Phys. 2, 120-123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Ozbay, "Plasmonics: Merging Photonics and Electronics at Nanoscale Dimensions," Science 311, 189-193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. H. Yoon and M. L. Shuler, "Design optimization of nano-grating surface plasmon resonance sensors," Opt. Express 14, 4842-4849 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424,824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

J. Homola, I. Koudela, and S. S. Yee, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors based on diffraction gratings and prism couplers: sensitivity comparison," Sens. Actuators B 54, 16-24 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1983 (1)

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical constants of the noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, R. W.

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424,824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bell, R. J.

Bell, S. E.

Bravo-Abad, J.

J. Bravo-Abad, A. Degiron, F. Przybilla, C. Genet, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and T. W. Ebbesen, "How light emerges from an illuminated array of subwavelength holes," Nat. Phys. 2, 120-123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Byun, K. M.

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical constants of the noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Degiron, A.

J. Bravo-Abad, A. Degiron, F. Przybilla, C. Genet, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and T. W. Ebbesen, "How light emerges from an illuminated array of subwavelength holes," Nat. Phys. 2, 120-123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424,824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T. W.

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, "Light in tiny holes," Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Bravo-Abad, A. Degiron, F. Przybilla, C. Genet, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and T. W. Ebbesen, "How light emerges from an illuminated array of subwavelength holes," Nat. Phys. 2, 120-123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424,824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

J. Bravo-Abad, A. Degiron, F. Przybilla, C. Genet, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and T. W. Ebbesen, "How light emerges from an illuminated array of subwavelength holes," Nat. Phys. 2, 120-123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gaylord, T. K.

Genet, C.

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, "Light in tiny holes," Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Bravo-Abad, A. Degiron, F. Przybilla, C. Genet, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and T. W. Ebbesen, "How light emerges from an illuminated array of subwavelength holes," Nat. Phys. 2, 120-123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Guo, J.

Gupta, G.

G. Gupta and J. Kondon, "Tuning and sensitivity enhancement of surface plasmon resonance sensor," Sens. Actuators B 122, 381-388 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hastings, J. T.

Homola, J.

J. Homola, I. Koudela, and S. S. Yee, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors based on diffraction gratings and prism couplers: sensitivity comparison," Sens. Actuators B 54, 16-24 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical constants of the noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Keathley, P. D.

Kim, D.

Kim, S. J.

Kondon, J.

G. Gupta and J. Kondon, "Tuning and sensitivity enhancement of surface plasmon resonance sensor," Sens. Actuators B 122, 381-388 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koudela, I.

J. Homola, I. Koudela, and S. S. Yee, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors based on diffraction gratings and prism couplers: sensitivity comparison," Sens. Actuators B 54, 16-24 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Long, L. L.

Martin-Moreno, L.

J. Bravo-Abad, A. Degiron, F. Przybilla, C. Genet, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and T. W. Ebbesen, "How light emerges from an illuminated array of subwavelength holes," Nat. Phys. 2, 120-123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Moharam, M. G.

Ordal, M. A.

Ozbay, E.

E. Ozbay, "Plasmonics: Merging Photonics and Electronics at Nanoscale Dimensions," Science 311, 189-193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Przybilla, F.

J. Bravo-Abad, A. Degiron, F. Przybilla, C. Genet, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and T. W. Ebbesen, "How light emerges from an illuminated array of subwavelength holes," Nat. Phys. 2, 120-123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shuler, M. L.

Ward, C. A.

Yee, S. S.

J. Homola, I. Koudela, and S. S. Yee, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors based on diffraction gratings and prism couplers: sensitivity comparison," Sens. Actuators B 54, 16-24 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, K. H.

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Nat. Phys. (1)

J. Bravo-Abad, A. Degiron, F. Przybilla, C. Genet, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and T. W. Ebbesen, "How light emerges from an illuminated array of subwavelength holes," Nat. Phys. 2, 120-123 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424,824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, "Light in tiny holes," Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, "Optical constants of the noble metals," Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370-4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

E. Ozbay, "Plasmonics: Merging Photonics and Electronics at Nanoscale Dimensions," Science 311, 189-193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sens. Actuators B (2)

G. Gupta and J. Kondon, "Tuning and sensitivity enhancement of surface plasmon resonance sensor," Sens. Actuators B 122, 381-388 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, I. Koudela, and S. S. Yee, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors based on diffraction gratings and prism couplers: sensitivity comparison," Sens. Actuators B 54, 16-24 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

K. Lin, D. Cai, Y. Lu, H. Ming, Department of Physics, Anhui Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Science and Technology, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, 230026, P. R. China, are preparing a manuscript to be called "Producing sharp high-order dips by changing the grating shape."

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a). Schematic diagram of a grating based reflection type SPR sensor using angular interrogation. (b). Calculated reflectance spectra of rectangle-grating-based SPR sensors.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a). Sensitivity comparison among different methods. (b) χ factor comparison among different methods.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Linearity comparison among different methods. The lines of G 1st and G 4th are the incident angles where the dips appear as functions of the refractive index of analyte, and the lines of DDM14 and DDM24 are w as functions of the refractive index of analyte.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Calculated reflectance spectra of trapezia-grating-based SPR sensors.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a). Sensitivity comparison between rectangle grating and trapezia grating based SPR sensors among different methods. (b). χ factor comparison between rectangle grating and trapezia grating based SPR sensors among different methods.

Equations (5)

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n a sin ( θ R ) + m λ Λ = ± ε m n a 2 ε m + n a 2
Sin ( θ R ) = m λ Λ 1 n a ± 1
S = d θ R d n a = m λ Λ 1 n a 2 Cos ( θ R )
S D D M = d w d n a
S D D M = d w d n a d ( θ 4 θ 1 ) d n a = d θ 4 d n a + d θ 1 d n a

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