Abstract

We demonstrate an interference cancellation technique of optical AND gate receiver using optical thyristor for fiber-optic code division multiple access (FO-CDMA) systems. In particular, we fabricate the optical thyristor operating as optical hard-limiter and evaluate that the optical AND gate receiver using fabricated optical thyristor excludes the peaks of side-lobe and cross-correlation result in the system performance degradation. It found that the optical AND gate receiver using optical thyristor excludes the intensity of interference signal resulting in that the peaks of side-lobe and cross-correlation can be fully eliminated for any two users. Therefore, the optical AND gate receiver using optical thyristor is shown to be effective to accommodate more simultaneous users.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. Azmi, M. Nasiri-Kenar, and J. A. Salehi, "Internally Channel-Coded Framed Time-Hopping Fiber-Optic CDMA Communications," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3702-3707 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. S. Shivaleela, A. Selvarajan, and T. Srinivas, "Two-Dimensional Optical Orthogonal Codes for Fiber-Optic CDMA Networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 647-654 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. M. H. Shalaby, "Performance analysis of an optical CDMA random access protocol," J. Lightwave Technol. 22,1233-1241 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Keshavarzian and J. A. Salehi, "Optical Orthogonal Code Acquisition in Fiber-Optic CDMA Systems via the Simple Serial-Search Method," IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 473-483 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. Huang, I. Andonovic, and M. Tur, "Code acquisition in coherent optical pulse CDMA systems utilizing coherent correlation demodulation," IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 611-621 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. R. K. Chung, J. A. Salehi, and V. K. Wei, "Optical orthogonal codes: Design, analysis, and applications," IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory IT-35, 595-604 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. A. Salehi, "Optical CDMA via Temporal Code," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1162-1170 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Kuijk, P. L. Heremans, G. Borghs, and R. Vounckx, "Depleted double-heterojunction optical thyristor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2073-2075 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. D. Choquette, R. P. SchneiderJr., K. L. Lear, and K. M. Geib, "Low threshold voltage vertical-cavity lasers fabricated by selective oxidation," Electron. Lett. 30, 2043-2044 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Numai, M. Sugimoto, I. Ogura, H. Kosaka, and K. Kasahara, "Surface-emitting laser operation in vertical-to-surface transmission electrophotonic devices with a vertical cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1250-1252 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. C. Chang, H. P. Sardesai, and A. M. Weiner, "Code-Division Multiple-Access Encoding and Decoding of Femtosecond Optical Pulses over a 2.5-km Fiber Link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 171-173 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. Zaccarin and M. Kavehrad, "An optical CDMA system based on spectral encoding of LED," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 479-482 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

A. Keshavarzian and J. A. Salehi, "Optical Orthogonal Code Acquisition in Fiber-Optic CDMA Systems via the Simple Serial-Search Method," IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 473-483 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

W. Huang, I. Andonovic, and M. Tur, "Code acquisition in coherent optical pulse CDMA systems utilizing coherent correlation demodulation," IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 611-621 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

C. C. Chang, H. P. Sardesai, and A. M. Weiner, "Code-Division Multiple-Access Encoding and Decoding of Femtosecond Optical Pulses over a 2.5-km Fiber Link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 171-173 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

M. Kuijk, P. L. Heremans, G. Borghs, and R. Vounckx, "Depleted double-heterojunction optical thyristor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2073-2075 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Choquette, R. P. SchneiderJr., K. L. Lear, and K. M. Geib, "Low threshold voltage vertical-cavity lasers fabricated by selective oxidation," Electron. Lett. 30, 2043-2044 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

D. Zaccarin and M. Kavehrad, "An optical CDMA system based on spectral encoding of LED," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 479-482 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

J. A. Salehi, "Optical CDMA via Temporal Code," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1162-1170 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

T. Numai, M. Sugimoto, I. Ogura, H. Kosaka, and K. Kasahara, "Surface-emitting laser operation in vertical-to-surface transmission electrophotonic devices with a vertical cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1250-1252 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

F. R. K. Chung, J. A. Salehi, and V. K. Wei, "Optical orthogonal codes: Design, analysis, and applications," IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory IT-35, 595-604 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Andonovic, I.

W. Huang, I. Andonovic, and M. Tur, "Code acquisition in coherent optical pulse CDMA systems utilizing coherent correlation demodulation," IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 611-621 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Azmi, P.

Borghs, G.

M. Kuijk, P. L. Heremans, G. Borghs, and R. Vounckx, "Depleted double-heterojunction optical thyristor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2073-2075 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C. C.

C. C. Chang, H. P. Sardesai, and A. M. Weiner, "Code-Division Multiple-Access Encoding and Decoding of Femtosecond Optical Pulses over a 2.5-km Fiber Link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 171-173 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Choquette, K. D.

K. D. Choquette, R. P. SchneiderJr., K. L. Lear, and K. M. Geib, "Low threshold voltage vertical-cavity lasers fabricated by selective oxidation," Electron. Lett. 30, 2043-2044 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chung, F. R. K.

F. R. K. Chung, J. A. Salehi, and V. K. Wei, "Optical orthogonal codes: Design, analysis, and applications," IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory IT-35, 595-604 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Geib, K. M.

K. D. Choquette, R. P. SchneiderJr., K. L. Lear, and K. M. Geib, "Low threshold voltage vertical-cavity lasers fabricated by selective oxidation," Electron. Lett. 30, 2043-2044 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Heremans, P. L.

M. Kuijk, P. L. Heremans, G. Borghs, and R. Vounckx, "Depleted double-heterojunction optical thyristor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2073-2075 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Huang, W.

W. Huang, I. Andonovic, and M. Tur, "Code acquisition in coherent optical pulse CDMA systems utilizing coherent correlation demodulation," IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 611-621 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kasahara, K.

T. Numai, M. Sugimoto, I. Ogura, H. Kosaka, and K. Kasahara, "Surface-emitting laser operation in vertical-to-surface transmission electrophotonic devices with a vertical cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1250-1252 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kavehrad, M.

D. Zaccarin and M. Kavehrad, "An optical CDMA system based on spectral encoding of LED," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 479-482 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Keshavarzian, A.

A. Keshavarzian and J. A. Salehi, "Optical Orthogonal Code Acquisition in Fiber-Optic CDMA Systems via the Simple Serial-Search Method," IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 473-483 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kosaka, H.

T. Numai, M. Sugimoto, I. Ogura, H. Kosaka, and K. Kasahara, "Surface-emitting laser operation in vertical-to-surface transmission electrophotonic devices with a vertical cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1250-1252 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kuijk, M.

M. Kuijk, P. L. Heremans, G. Borghs, and R. Vounckx, "Depleted double-heterojunction optical thyristor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2073-2075 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lear, K. L.

K. D. Choquette, R. P. SchneiderJr., K. L. Lear, and K. M. Geib, "Low threshold voltage vertical-cavity lasers fabricated by selective oxidation," Electron. Lett. 30, 2043-2044 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nasiri-Kenar, M.

Numai, T.

T. Numai, M. Sugimoto, I. Ogura, H. Kosaka, and K. Kasahara, "Surface-emitting laser operation in vertical-to-surface transmission electrophotonic devices with a vertical cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1250-1252 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ogura, I.

T. Numai, M. Sugimoto, I. Ogura, H. Kosaka, and K. Kasahara, "Surface-emitting laser operation in vertical-to-surface transmission electrophotonic devices with a vertical cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1250-1252 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Salehi, J. A.

P. Azmi, M. Nasiri-Kenar, and J. A. Salehi, "Internally Channel-Coded Framed Time-Hopping Fiber-Optic CDMA Communications," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 3702-3707 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Keshavarzian and J. A. Salehi, "Optical Orthogonal Code Acquisition in Fiber-Optic CDMA Systems via the Simple Serial-Search Method," IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 473-483 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Salehi, "Optical CDMA via Temporal Code," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1162-1170 (1992).
[CrossRef]

F. R. K. Chung, J. A. Salehi, and V. K. Wei, "Optical orthogonal codes: Design, analysis, and applications," IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory IT-35, 595-604 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sardesai, H. P.

C. C. Chang, H. P. Sardesai, and A. M. Weiner, "Code-Division Multiple-Access Encoding and Decoding of Femtosecond Optical Pulses over a 2.5-km Fiber Link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 171-173 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, R. P.

K. D. Choquette, R. P. SchneiderJr., K. L. Lear, and K. M. Geib, "Low threshold voltage vertical-cavity lasers fabricated by selective oxidation," Electron. Lett. 30, 2043-2044 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Selvarajan, A.

Shalaby, H. M. H.

Shivaleela, E. S.

Srinivas, T.

Sugimoto, M.

T. Numai, M. Sugimoto, I. Ogura, H. Kosaka, and K. Kasahara, "Surface-emitting laser operation in vertical-to-surface transmission electrophotonic devices with a vertical cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1250-1252 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tur, M.

W. Huang, I. Andonovic, and M. Tur, "Code acquisition in coherent optical pulse CDMA systems utilizing coherent correlation demodulation," IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 611-621 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vounckx, R.

M. Kuijk, P. L. Heremans, G. Borghs, and R. Vounckx, "Depleted double-heterojunction optical thyristor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2073-2075 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wei, V. K.

F. R. K. Chung, J. A. Salehi, and V. K. Wei, "Optical orthogonal codes: Design, analysis, and applications," IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory IT-35, 595-604 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

C. C. Chang, H. P. Sardesai, and A. M. Weiner, "Code-Division Multiple-Access Encoding and Decoding of Femtosecond Optical Pulses over a 2.5-km Fiber Link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 171-173 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zaccarin, D.

D. Zaccarin and M. Kavehrad, "An optical CDMA system based on spectral encoding of LED," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 479-482 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. Kuijk, P. L. Heremans, G. Borghs, and R. Vounckx, "Depleted double-heterojunction optical thyristor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2073-2075 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Numai, M. Sugimoto, I. Ogura, H. Kosaka, and K. Kasahara, "Surface-emitting laser operation in vertical-to-surface transmission electrophotonic devices with a vertical cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1250-1252 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. D. Choquette, R. P. SchneiderJr., K. L. Lear, and K. M. Geib, "Low threshold voltage vertical-cavity lasers fabricated by selective oxidation," Electron. Lett. 30, 2043-2044 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

C. C. Chang, H. P. Sardesai, and A. M. Weiner, "Code-Division Multiple-Access Encoding and Decoding of Femtosecond Optical Pulses over a 2.5-km Fiber Link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 171-173 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Zaccarin and M. Kavehrad, "An optical CDMA system based on spectral encoding of LED," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 479-482 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (3)

A. Keshavarzian and J. A. Salehi, "Optical Orthogonal Code Acquisition in Fiber-Optic CDMA Systems via the Simple Serial-Search Method," IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 473-483 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Huang, I. Andonovic, and M. Tur, "Code acquisition in coherent optical pulse CDMA systems utilizing coherent correlation demodulation," IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 611-621 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Salehi, "Optical CDMA via Temporal Code," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1162-1170 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory (1)

F. R. K. Chung, J. A. Salehi, and V. K. Wei, "Optical orthogonal codes: Design, analysis, and applications," IEEE Trans. Inform. Theory IT-35, 595-604 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The block diagram of AND gate receiver using optical thyristor

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Typical S-shape I-V characteristics of an optical thyristor operating as optical hard-limiter

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Optical input and the optical output pulses of (a) first and (b) second VCL-DOT placed in the optical AND gate receiver.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Auto-correlation properties of (a) optical receiver with conventional structure and (b) optical AND gate receiver using optical thyristor when λ=1.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Cross-correlation properties of (a) optical receiver with conventional structure and (b) optical AND gate receiver using optical thyristor when λ=1.

Metrics