Abstract

We investigate both experimentally and theoretically the mechanisms driving the co-filamentation of two ultrashort laser pulses at 800 and 400 nm in Argon. The cross-Kerr lens and cross-phase modulation between the two filaments of different colors bridging both the continuum spectra and the plasma channels induced by the individual pulses. This dual-color filamentation also results in the simultaneous generation of two few-cycle pulses at both 800 and 400 nm, providing a potential way to generate attosecond pulses.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (13)

T. Fuji, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, "Generation of 12 fs deep-ultraviolet pulses by four-wave mixing through filamentation in neon gas," Opt. Lett. 32, 2481-2483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Zair, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, and U. Keller, "Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation," Opt. Express 15, 5394-5404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A Trushin, K. Kosma, W. Fuss, and E. Schmid, "Sub-10-fs supercontinuum radiation generated by filamentation of few-cycle 800 nm pulses in argon," Opt. Lett. 32, 2432-2434 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Chen, X. Li, J. Liu, P. Wei, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of 5 fs, 0.7 mJ pulses at 1 KHz through cascade filamentation," Opt. Lett. 32, 2402-2404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fuji and T. Suzuk, "Generation of sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses by four-wave mixing through filamentation in air," Opt. Lett. 32, 3330-3332 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 44, 47-189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, "Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized optically transparent media," Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1633-1713 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Bejot, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, R. Ackermann, and J. P. Wolf, "Spectral correlation and noise reduction in laser filaments," Appl. Phys. B 87, 1-4 (2007).

P. Bejot, C. Bonnet, V. Boutou, and J.-P. Wolf, "Laser noise compresison by filamentation at 400 nm in argon," Opt. Express 15, 13295-13309 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Matsubara, K. Yamane, T. Sekikawa, and M. Yamashita, "Generation of 2.6 fs optical pulses using induced phase modulation in a gas-filled hollow fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 985-989 (2007).

D. Walter, S. Eyring, J. Lobhreier, R. Spitzenpfeil, and C. Spielmann, "Spatial optimization of filaments," Appl. Phys. B. 88, 175-178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Kolesik, D. E. Roskey, and J. V. Moloney, "Conditionnal femtosecond pulse collapse for white-light and plasma delivery to a controlled distance," Opt. Lett. 32, 2753-2755 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu. Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (6)

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. H. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Woste, P. Bejot, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, "Optimal control of filamentation in air," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Oishi, M. Kaku, A. Suda, F. Kannari, and K. Midorikawa, "Generation of extreme ultraviolet continuum radiation driven by a sub-10-fs two-color field," Opt. Express 14, 7230-7237 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, A. Becker, and J. V. Moloney, "Simulation of third-harmonic and supercontinuum generation for femtosecond pulses in air," Appl. Phys. B. 85, 531-538 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Pfeifer, M. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, D. M Neumark, and S. R Leone, "Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field," Opt. Lett. 31, 975-977 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Chakraborty, M. B. Gaarde, and A. Couairon, "Single attosecond pulses from high harmonics driven by self-compressed filaments," Opt. Lett. 31, 3662-3664 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient," Opt. Lett. 30, 2657-2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, W. Kornelis, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation-parameter dependence," Opt. Express 13, 7541-7547 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of a strong attosecond pulse train with an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. A 72, 033817 (2005).

W. Liu, F. Gravel, J. F. Theberge, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, "Background reservoir: its crucial role for longdistance propagation of femtosecond laser pulses in air," Appl. Phys. B. 80, 857-860 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, "Nonlinear optical pulse propagation simulation: From maxwell�??s to unidirectional equations," Phys. Rev. E 70, 036604 (2004).

S. Skupin, L. Berge, U. Peschel, F. Lederer, G. Mejean, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, M. Rodriguez, L. Woste, R. Bourayou, and R. Sauerbrey, "Filamentation of femtosecond light pulses in the air: Turbulent cells versus long-range clusters," Phys. Rev. E 70, 046602 (2004).

S. Zamith, Y. Ni, A. Gurtler, L.D. Noordam, H. G Muller, and M. J. J Vrakking, Control of atomic ionization by two-color few-cycle pulses," Opt. Lett. 29, 2303-2305 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, G. Mechain, G. Patalano, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Concatenation of plasma filaments created in air by femtosecond infrared laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B. 76, 609-612 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A Couairon, G. Mechain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Propagation of twin laser pulses in air and concatenation of plasma strings produced by femtosecond infrared filaments, "Opt. Commun. 225, 177-192 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

2001 (2)

T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, P. Niklaus and G. Gerber, "Photoselective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase," Nature (London) 414, 57-60, (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

1999 (1)

A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, R. Lange, J. F. Ripoche, M. Franco, B. Prade, G. Bonnaud, G. Riazuelo, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Numerical simulations of the nonlinear propagation of femtosecond optical pulses in gases," European Physical Journal D 6, 383-396 (1999).

1998 (1)

M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, "Femtosecond pulse propagation in argon: A pressure dependence study," Phys. Rev. E 58, 4903-4910 (1998).

1992 (1)

1985 (1)

V. Mizrahi and D. P. Shelton, "Dispersion of nonlinear susceptibilities of Ar, N2, and O2 measured and compared," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 696-699 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1974 (1)

H. Ehrhardt, Kh. Hesselba, K. Jung, E. Schubert, and K. Willmann, "Electron-impact ionization of argon - measurements of triple differential cross-sections," J. Phys. B 7, 69-78 (1974).

1968 (1)

W. G. Wagner, H. A. Haus, and J. H. Marburger, "Large-scale self-trapping of optical beams in the paraxial ray approximation," Phys. Rev. 175, 256-266 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

Abel, M. J.

Ackermann, R.

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y.-B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Woste, and J.-P. Wolf, "Electric events synchronized with laser filaments in thunderclouds," Opt. Express 16, 5757-5763 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Bejot, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, R. Ackermann, and J. P. Wolf, "Spectral correlation and noise reduction in laser filaments," Appl. Phys. B 87, 1-4 (2007).

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. H. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Woste, P. Bejot, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, "Optimal control of filamentation in air," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Andre, Y. B.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Woste, T. Fujii, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments," Opt. Lett. 27, 772-774 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Andre, Y.-B.

Becker, A.

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, A. Becker, and J. V. Moloney, "Simulation of third-harmonic and supercontinuum generation for femtosecond pulses in air," Appl. Phys. B. 85, 531-538 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bejot, P.

P. Bejot, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, R. Ackermann, and J. P. Wolf, "Spectral correlation and noise reduction in laser filaments," Appl. Phys. B 87, 1-4 (2007).

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. H. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Woste, P. Bejot, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, "Optimal control of filamentation in air," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Biegert, J.

Bonacina, L.

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. H. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Woste, P. Bejot, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, "Optimal control of filamentation in air," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bonnaud, G.

A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, R. Lange, J. F. Ripoche, M. Franco, B. Prade, G. Bonnaud, G. Riazuelo, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Numerical simulations of the nonlinear propagation of femtosecond optical pulses in gases," European Physical Journal D 6, 383-396 (1999).

Bourayou, R.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brabec, T.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brixner, T.

T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, P. Niklaus and G. Gerber, "Photoselective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase," Nature (London) 414, 57-60, (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chakraborty, H. S.

Chen, X.

Cheng, Y.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu. Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chiron, A.

A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, R. Lange, J. F. Ripoche, M. Franco, B. Prade, G. Bonnaud, G. Riazuelo, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Numerical simulations of the nonlinear propagation of femtosecond optical pulses in gases," European Physical Journal D 6, 383-396 (1999).

Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Couairon, A

A Couairon, G. Mechain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Propagation of twin laser pulses in air and concatenation of plasma strings produced by femtosecond infrared filaments, "Opt. Commun. 225, 177-192 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Couairon, A.

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 44, 47-189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Zair, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, and U. Keller, "Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation," Opt. Express 15, 5394-5404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Chakraborty, M. B. Gaarde, and A. Couairon, "Single attosecond pulses from high harmonics driven by self-compressed filaments," Opt. Lett. 31, 3662-3664 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient," Opt. Lett. 30, 2657-2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, S. Tzortzakis, L. Berge, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Infrared femtosecond light filaments in air: simulations and experiments," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1117-1131 (2002).

Damrauer, N. H.

T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, P. Niklaus and G. Gerber, "Photoselective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase," Nature (London) 414, 57-60, (2001).
[CrossRef]

Diels, J.-C.

J. Scharz, P. Rambo, and J.-C. Diels. Ultraviolet filamentation in air.Optics Communication 180, 383-390 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Drescher, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eckle, P.

Ehrhardt, H.

H. Ehrhardt, Kh. Hesselba, K. Jung, E. Schubert, and K. Willmann, "Electron-impact ionization of argon - measurements of triple differential cross-sections," J. Phys. B 7, 69-78 (1974).

Eyring, S.

D. Walter, S. Eyring, J. Lobhreier, R. Spitzenpfeil, and C. Spielmann, "Spatial optimization of filaments," Appl. Phys. B. 88, 175-178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fibich, G.

Fischer, D. J.

Franco, M.

Frey, S.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fuji, T.

Fujii, T.

Fuss, W.

Gaarde, M. B.

Gallmann, L.

Gallmann, M.

Ge, X.

Gerber, G.

T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, P. Niklaus and G. Gerber, "Photoselective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase," Nature (London) 414, 57-60, (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gravel, F.

W. Liu, F. Gravel, J. F. Theberge, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, "Background reservoir: its crucial role for longdistance propagation of femtosecond laser pulses in air," Appl. Phys. B. 80, 857-860 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Guandalini, A.

Gurtler, A.

Hauri, C. P.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, W. Kornelis, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation-parameter dependence," Opt. Express 13, 7541-7547 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

W. G. Wagner, H. A. Haus, and J. H. Marburger, "Large-scale self-trapping of optical beams in the paraxial ray approximation," Phys. Rev. 175, 256-266 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Heinrich, A.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heinzmann, U.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Helbing, F. W.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hesselba, Kh.

H. Ehrhardt, Kh. Hesselba, K. Jung, E. Schubert, and K. Willmann, "Electron-impact ionization of argon - measurements of triple differential cross-sections," J. Phys. B 7, 69-78 (1974).

Holler, M.

Horio, T.

Ilan, B.

Jung, K.

H. Ehrhardt, Kh. Hesselba, K. Jung, E. Schubert, and K. Willmann, "Electron-impact ionization of argon - measurements of triple differential cross-sections," J. Phys. B 7, 69-78 (1974).

Kaku, M.

Kalkner, W.

Kannari, F.

Karasawa, N.

Kasparian, J.

J. Kasparian and J.-P. Wolf, "Physics and applications of atmospheric nonlinear optics and filamentation," Opt. Express 16, 466-493 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y.-B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Woste, and J.-P. Wolf, "Electric events synchronized with laser filaments in thunderclouds," Opt. Express 16, 5757-5763 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Bejot, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, R. Ackermann, and J. P. Wolf, "Spectral correlation and noise reduction in laser filaments," Appl. Phys. B 87, 1-4 (2007).

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. H. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Woste, P. Bejot, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, "Optimal control of filamentation in air," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "Teramobile: A mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system," Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 20, 183-190 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Woste, T. Fujii, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments," Opt. Lett. 27, 772-774 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Kienberger, R.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C. M.

C. M. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of a strong attosecond pulse train with an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. A 72, 033817 (2005).

Kim, I. J.

C. M. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of a strong attosecond pulse train with an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. A 72, 033817 (2005).

Klingbeil, L.

Kolesik, M.

M. Kolesik, D. E. Roskey, and J. V. Moloney, "Conditionnal femtosecond pulse collapse for white-light and plasma delivery to a controlled distance," Opt. Lett. 32, 2753-2755 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, A. Becker, and J. V. Moloney, "Simulation of third-harmonic and supercontinuum generation for femtosecond pulses in air," Appl. Phys. B. 85, 531-538 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, "Nonlinear optical pulse propagation simulation: From maxwell�??s to unidirectional equations," Phys. Rev. E 70, 036604 (2004).

Kornelis, W.

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, A. Guandalini, P. Eckle, W. Kornelis, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation-parameter dependence," Opt. Express 13, 7541-7547 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kosma, K.

Krausz, F.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lamouroux, B.

A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, R. Lange, J. F. Ripoche, M. Franco, B. Prade, G. Bonnaud, G. Riazuelo, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Numerical simulations of the nonlinear propagation of femtosecond optical pulses in gases," European Physical Journal D 6, 383-396 (1999).

Lange, R.

A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, R. Lange, J. F. Ripoche, M. Franco, B. Prade, G. Bonnaud, G. Riazuelo, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Numerical simulations of the nonlinear propagation of femtosecond optical pulses in gases," European Physical Journal D 6, 383-396 (1999).

Lascoux, N.

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. H. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Woste, P. Bejot, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, "Optimal control of filamentation in air," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Leone, S. R

Li, R.

X. Chen, X. Li, J. Liu, P. Wei, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of 5 fs, 0.7 mJ pulses at 1 KHz through cascade filamentation," Opt. Lett. 32, 2402-2404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu. Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, S. H.

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. H. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Woste, P. Bejot, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, "Optimal control of filamentation in air," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Lindinger, A.

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. H. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Woste, P. Bejot, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, "Optimal control of filamentation in air," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

Liu, W.

W. Liu, F. Gravel, J. F. Theberge, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, "Background reservoir: its crucial role for longdistance propagation of femtosecond laser pulses in air," Appl. Phys. B. 80, 857-860 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lobhreier, J.

D. Walter, S. Eyring, J. Lobhreier, R. Spitzenpfeil, and C. Spielmann, "Spatial optimization of filaments," Appl. Phys. B. 88, 175-178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Marburger, J. H.

W. G. Wagner, H. A. Haus, and J. H. Marburger, "Large-scale self-trapping of optical beams in the paraxial ray approximation," Phys. Rev. 175, 256-266 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Matsubara, E.

Mejean, G.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Midorikawa, K.

Milosevic, N.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mizrahi, V.

V. Mizrahi and D. P. Shelton, "Dispersion of nonlinear susceptibilities of Ar, N2, and O2 measured and compared," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 696-699 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mlejnek, M.

M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, "Femtosecond pulse propagation in argon: A pressure dependence study," Phys. Rev. E 58, 4903-4910 (1998).

Moloney, D. E.

Moloney, J. V.

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, A. Becker, and J. V. Moloney, "Simulation of third-harmonic and supercontinuum generation for femtosecond pulses in air," Appl. Phys. B. 85, 531-538 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, "Femtosecond pulse propagation in argon: A pressure dependence study," Phys. Rev. E 58, 4903-4910 (1998).

Moloney, J.V.

M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, "Nonlinear optical pulse propagation simulation: From maxwell�??s to unidirectional equations," Phys. Rev. E 70, 036604 (2004).

Mondelain, D.

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "Teramobile: A mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system," Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 20, 183-190 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Morita, R.

Muller, H. G

Mysyrowicz, A.

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 44, 47-189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Zair, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, and U. Keller, "Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation," Opt. Express 15, 5394-5404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient," Opt. Lett. 30, 2657-2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "Teramobile: A mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system," Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 20, 183-190 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Woste, T. Fujii, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments," Opt. Lett. 27, 772-774 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, R. Lange, J. F. Ripoche, M. Franco, B. Prade, G. Bonnaud, G. Riazuelo, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Numerical simulations of the nonlinear propagation of femtosecond optical pulses in gases," European Physical Journal D 6, 383-396 (1999).

Nam, C. H.

C. M. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of a strong attosecond pulse train with an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. A 72, 033817 (2005).

Neumark, D. M

Ni, Y.

Niklaus, P.

T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, P. Niklaus and G. Gerber, "Photoselective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase," Nature (London) 414, 57-60, (2001).
[CrossRef]

Noordam, L. D.

Oishi, Y.

Peck, E. R.

Pfeifer, T.

Prade, B.

A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, R. Lange, J. F. Ripoche, M. Franco, B. Prade, G. Bonnaud, G. Riazuelo, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Numerical simulations of the nonlinear propagation of femtosecond optical pulses in gases," European Physical Journal D 6, 383-396 (1999).

Rambo, P.

J. Scharz, P. Rambo, and J.-C. Diels. Ultraviolet filamentation in air.Optics Communication 180, 383-390 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Reider, G. A.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rethmeier, K.

Riazuelo, G.

A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, R. Lange, J. F. Ripoche, M. Franco, B. Prade, G. Bonnaud, G. Riazuelo, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Numerical simulations of the nonlinear propagation of femtosecond optical pulses in gases," European Physical Journal D 6, 383-396 (1999).

Ripoche, J. F.

A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, R. Lange, J. F. Ripoche, M. Franco, B. Prade, G. Bonnaud, G. Riazuelo, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Numerical simulations of the nonlinear propagation of femtosecond optical pulses in gases," European Physical Journal D 6, 383-396 (1999).

Rodriguez, M.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "Teramobile: A mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system," Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 20, 183-190 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Woste, T. Fujii, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments," Opt. Lett. 27, 772-774 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rohwetter, P.

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. H. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Woste, P. Bejot, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, "Optimal control of filamentation in air," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Roskey, D. E.

Rothenberg, J. E.

Salmon, E.

P. Bejot, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, R. Ackermann, and J. P. Wolf, "Spectral correlation and noise reduction in laser filaments," Appl. Phys. B 87, 1-4 (2007).

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. H. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Woste, P. Bejot, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, "Optimal control of filamentation in air," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Woste, T. Fujii, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments," Opt. Lett. 27, 772-774 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sauerbrey, R.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "Teramobile: A mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system," Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 20, 183-190 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Woste, T. Fujii, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments," Opt. Lett. 27, 772-774 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schapper, F.

Scharz, J.

J. Scharz, P. Rambo, and J.-C. Diels. Ultraviolet filamentation in air.Optics Communication 180, 383-390 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, E.

Schubert, E.

H. Ehrhardt, Kh. Hesselba, K. Jung, E. Schubert, and K. Willmann, "Electron-impact ionization of argon - measurements of triple differential cross-sections," J. Phys. B 7, 69-78 (1974).

Sekikawa, T.

Shelton, D. P.

V. Mizrahi and D. P. Shelton, "Dispersion of nonlinear susceptibilities of Ar, N2, and O2 measured and compared," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 696-699 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shigekawa, H.

Skupin, S.

S. Skupin, L. Berge, U. Peschel, F. Lederer, G. Mejean, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, M. Rodriguez, L. Woste, R. Bourayou, and R. Sauerbrey, "Filamentation of femtosecond light pulses in the air: Turbulent cells versus long-range clusters," Phys. Rev. E 70, 046602 (2004).

Song, X.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu. Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, C.

D. Walter, S. Eyring, J. Lobhreier, R. Spitzenpfeil, and C. Spielmann, "Spatial optimization of filaments," Appl. Phys. B. 88, 175-178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, Ch.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Spitzenpfeil, R.

D. Walter, S. Eyring, J. Lobhreier, R. Spitzenpfeil, and C. Spielmann, "Spatial optimization of filaments," Appl. Phys. B. 88, 175-178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stelmaszczyk, K.

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. H. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Woste, P. Bejot, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, "Optimal control of filamentation in air," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Suda, A.

Suzuki, T.

Trushin, S.A

Tzortzakis, S.

S. Tzortzakis, G. Mechain, G. Patalano, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Concatenation of plasma filaments created in air by femtosecond infrared laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B. 76, 609-612 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon, S. Tzortzakis, L. Berge, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Infrared femtosecond light filaments in air: simulations and experiments," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1117-1131 (2002).

Vrakking, M. J. J

Wagner, W. G.

W. G. Wagner, H. A. Haus, and J. H. Marburger, "Large-scale self-trapping of optical beams in the paraxial ray approximation," Phys. Rev. 175, 256-266 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Walter, D.

D. Walter, S. Eyring, J. Lobhreier, R. Spitzenpfeil, and C. Spielmann, "Spatial optimization of filaments," Appl. Phys. B. 88, 175-178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wei, P.

Wille, H.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "Teramobile: A mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system," Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 20, 183-190 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Woste, T. Fujii, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments," Opt. Lett. 27, 772-774 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Willmann, K.

H. Ehrhardt, Kh. Hesselba, K. Jung, E. Schubert, and K. Willmann, "Electron-impact ionization of argon - measurements of triple differential cross-sections," J. Phys. B 7, 69-78 (1974).

Wolf, J. P.

P. Bejot, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, R. Ackermann, and J. P. Wolf, "Spectral correlation and noise reduction in laser filaments," Appl. Phys. B 87, 1-4 (2007).

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. H. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Woste, P. Bejot, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, "Optimal control of filamentation in air," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "Teramobile: A mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system," Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 20, 183-190 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Woste, T. Fujii, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments," Opt. Lett. 27, 772-774 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, J.-P.

Woste, L.

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. H. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Woste, P. Bejot, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, "Optimal control of filamentation in air," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "Teramobile: A mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system," Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 20, 183-190 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Woste, T. Fujii, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments," Opt. Lett. 27, 772-774 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wright, E. M.

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, A. Becker, and J. V. Moloney, "Simulation of third-harmonic and supercontinuum generation for femtosecond pulses in air," Appl. Phys. B. 85, 531-538 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, "Femtosecond pulse propagation in argon: A pressure dependence study," Phys. Rev. E 58, 4903-4910 (1998).

Xu, Z.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu. Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Chen, X. Li, J. Liu, P. Wei, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of 5 fs, 0.7 mJ pulses at 1 KHz through cascade filamentation," Opt. Lett. 32, 2402-2404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamane, K.

Yamashita, M.

Yu, J.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "Teramobile: A mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system," Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 20, 183-190 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Woste, T. Fujii, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments," Opt. Lett. 27, 772-774 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zair, A.

Zamith, S.

Zeng, Z.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu. Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

P. Bejot, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, R. Ackermann, and J. P. Wolf, "Spectral correlation and noise reduction in laser filaments," Appl. Phys. B 87, 1-4 (2007).

Appl. Phys. B. (5)

D. Walter, S. Eyring, J. Lobhreier, R. Spitzenpfeil, and C. Spielmann, "Spatial optimization of filaments," Appl. Phys. B. 88, 175-178 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 673-677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Kolesik, E. M. Wright, A. Becker, and J. V. Moloney, "Simulation of third-harmonic and supercontinuum generation for femtosecond pulses in air," Appl. Phys. B. 85, 531-538 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, G. Mechain, G. Patalano, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Concatenation of plasma filaments created in air by femtosecond infrared laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B. 76, 609-612 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, F. Gravel, J. F. Theberge, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, "Background reservoir: its crucial role for longdistance propagation of femtosecond laser pulses in air," Appl. Phys. B. 80, 857-860 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Ackermann, E. Salmon, N. Lascoux, J. Kasparian, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, S. H. Li, A. Lindinger, L. Woste, P. Bejot, L. Bonacina, and J. P. Wolf, "Optimal control of filamentation in air," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171117 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Wille, M. Rodriguez, J. Kasparian, D. Mondelain, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "Teramobile: A mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system," Eur. Phys. J.: Appl. Phys. 20, 183-190 (2002).
[CrossRef]

European Physical Journal D (1)

A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, R. Lange, J. F. Ripoche, M. Franco, B. Prade, G. Bonnaud, G. Riazuelo, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Numerical simulations of the nonlinear propagation of femtosecond optical pulses in gases," European Physical Journal D 6, 383-396 (1999).

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

A. Couairon, J. Biegert, C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, U. Keller, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Self-compression of ultra-short laser pulses down to one optical cycle by filamentation," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 75-85 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. B (1)

H. Ehrhardt, Kh. Hesselba, K. Jung, E. Schubert, and K. Willmann, "Electron-impact ionization of argon - measurements of triple differential cross-sections," J. Phys. B 7, 69-78 (1974).

Nature (London) (2)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond metrology," Nature (London) 414, 509-513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, P. Niklaus and G. Gerber, "Photoselective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase," Nature (London) 414, 57-60, (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A Couairon, G. Mechain, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Propagation of twin laser pulses in air and concatenation of plasma strings produced by femtosecond infrared filaments, "Opt. Commun. 225, 177-192 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (12)

S. Zamith, Y. Ni, A. Gurtler, L.D. Noordam, H. G Muller, and M. J. J Vrakking, Control of atomic ionization by two-color few-cycle pulses," Opt. Lett. 29, 2303-2305 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kolesik, D. E. Roskey, and J. V. Moloney, "Conditionnal femtosecond pulse collapse for white-light and plasma delivery to a controlled distance," Opt. Lett. 32, 2753-2755 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Karasawa, R. Morita, H. Shigekawa, and M. Yamashita, "Generation of intense ultrabroadband optical pulses by induced phase modulation in an argon-filled single-mode hollow waveguide," Opt. Lett. 25, 183-185 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. A Trushin, K. Kosma, W. Fuss, and E. Schmid, "Sub-10-fs supercontinuum radiation generated by filamentation of few-cycle 800 nm pulses in argon," Opt. Lett. 32, 2432-2434 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Chen, X. Li, J. Liu, P. Wei, X. Ge, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Generation of 5 fs, 0.7 mJ pulses at 1 KHz through cascade filamentation," Opt. Lett. 32, 2402-2404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fuji and T. Suzuk, "Generation of sub-two-cycle mid-infrared pulses by four-wave mixing through filamentation in air," Opt. Lett. 32, 3330-3332 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Pfeifer, M. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, D. M Neumark, and S. R Leone, "Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field," Opt. Lett. 31, 975-977 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, "Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient," Opt. Lett. 30, 2657-2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fuji, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, "Generation of 12 fs deep-ultraviolet pulses by four-wave mixing through filamentation in neon gas," Opt. Lett. 32, 2481-2483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Chakraborty, M. B. Gaarde, and A. Couairon, "Single attosecond pulses from high harmonics driven by self-compressed filaments," Opt. Lett. 31, 3662-3664 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Woste, T. Fujii, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments," Opt. Lett. 27, 772-774 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Rothenberg, "Pulse splitting during self-focusing in normally dispersive media," Opt. Lett. 17, 583-585 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Optics Communication (1)

J. Scharz, P. Rambo, and J.-C. Diels. Ultraviolet filamentation in air.Optics Communication 180, 383-390 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, "Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media," Phys. Rep. 44, 47-189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

W. G. Wagner, H. A. Haus, and J. H. Marburger, "Large-scale self-trapping of optical beams in the paraxial ray approximation," Phys. Rev. 175, 256-266 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

C. M. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, "Generation of a strong attosecond pulse train with an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. A 72, 033817 (2005).

Phys. Rev. E (3)

S. Skupin, L. Berge, U. Peschel, F. Lederer, G. Mejean, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. P. Wolf, M. Rodriguez, L. Woste, R. Bourayou, and R. Sauerbrey, "Filamentation of femtosecond light pulses in the air: Turbulent cells versus long-range clusters," Phys. Rev. E 70, 046602 (2004).

M. Kolesik and J. V. Moloney, "Nonlinear optical pulse propagation simulation: From maxwell�??s to unidirectional equations," Phys. Rev. E 70, 036604 (2004).

M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, "Femtosecond pulse propagation in argon: A pressure dependence study," Phys. Rev. E 58, 4903-4910 (1998).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

V. Mizrahi and D. P. Shelton, "Dispersion of nonlinear susceptibilities of Ar, N2, and O2 measured and compared," Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 696-699 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu. Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, "Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized optically transparent media," Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1633-1713 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup. DCM: Dichroic mirror. HWP: Half-waveplate.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

400 nm pulse spectrum as function of the relative delay between the pulses centered at 400 nm and 800 nm. The time delay is positive when the NIR pulse (R) is launched after the blue one (B). The spectrum at the bottom of each series corresponds to the B pulse alone. (a) Experimental results, integrated over 4 mm diameter; (b) Numerical simulations. The broader numerical spectrum stems from the consideration of the filament center only, where the broadening is strongest, as well as the non-perfect temporal and spatial profiles of the experimental pulse

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Experimentally observed influence of co-filamentation on the output spectrum of the supercontinuum. Co-filamentation broadens individual continuum spectra, especially in the blue region, and connects them into a continuum spanning 2 octaves (200 nm–800 nm). The peak at 266 nm originates from the χ (3) mixing 1 266 = 1 400 + 1 400 1 800

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

a) Experimental plasma channel length for several delays. For well adjusted delay, the two plasma channel are concatenated and form a longer plasma channel without any non-ionized region. Blue: B induced plasma channel. Red: R induced plasma channel. b) Theoretical on-axis plasma channel density for both individual filaments, co-propagating filaments, and collinear filaments without cross-Kerr coupling.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

One- or two-color filamentation dynamic for the 400 nm (B) pulse. Left: B intensity for several distances when propagating alone. Right: B intensity for the same distances when the R filament copropagates

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

One- or two-color filamentation dynamic for the R pulse. Left: R intensity for several distances when propagating alone. Right: R intensity for the same distances when the B filament copropagates

Tables (2)

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Table 1. Physical parameters used in the model (p accounts for the relative gas pressure: p = P 1 bar )

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Table 2. Input parameters used in the model. The different focal length for the 800 nm (R) and 400 nm (B) pulses account for longitudinal chromatic aberration of the focusing length used in the experiments.

Equations (8)

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z ε B = i 2 k B Δ 2 ε B i k B 2 t 2 ε B i Δ 1 v t ε B + i k B n B ( n 2 B ε B 2 + n c r o s s ε R 2 ) ε B
i k B 2 n B 2 ρ c B ρ ε B 1 2 σ 0 ρ ε B β B Κ B 2 ε B 2 Κ B 2 ε B
z ε R = i 2 k R Δ 2 ε R i k R 2 t 2 ε R             + i k R n R ( n 2 R ε R 2 + n cross ε B 2 ) ε R
i k R 2 n R 2 ρ c R ρ ε R 1 2 σ R ρ ε R β R K R 2 ε R 2 K R 2 ε R
t ρ = ( l = B , R σ Κ l ε l 2 Κ l ) ( 1 ρ ρ at ) + 1 U l = B , R σ l ρ ε l 2 α ρ 2
ε i ( r , t , 0 ) = 2 P in i π σ r i 2 · exp ( r 2 σ r i 2 t 2 τ i 2 + i k i r 2 2 f i )
ε R ( r , ω , 0 ) ε B ( r , ω , 0 ) · e x p ( i ω Δ t ) · e x p ( i C B 2 ω 2 )
ε R ( r , ω , 0 ) ε R ( r , ω , 0 ) · e x p ( i C R 2 ω 2 )

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