Abstract

The one-pump optical fiber parametric amplification (FOPA) has been well known to be a means for realizing wideband amplification when the group-delay dispersion (β 2) is small at the pump wavelength. In this paper, we report one-pump FOPA in short Bismuth-Oxide-based highly nonlinear fiber (Bi-HNLF) that has large normal dispersion at 1550nm, both theoretically and experimentally, for the first time to the best of our knowledge. We found that, due to the large β 4 along with large β 2, FOPA in the Bi-HNLF is very narrowband, and its gain peak wavelength is tunable in proportional to the pump wavelength. We achieved the gain bandwidth as narrow as 0.75nm and gain peak as high as 58dB in the experiment using a 2m-long Bi-HNLF.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, 1989).
  2. M. E. Marhic, N. Kagi, T.-K. Chiang, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Broadband fiber optical parametric amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 21, 573-575 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. E. Marhic, K. K-Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 5 (2004).
  4. J. H. Lee, T. Tanemura, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Comparison of Kerr Nonlinearlity Figure-of-Merit Including Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for Bismuth Oxide- and Silicabased Nonlinear Fibers," ECOC�?? 05, 467-468 (2005).
  5. J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Bismuth-Oxide-based nonlinear fiber with a high SBS threshold and its application to four-wave-mixing wavelength conversion using a pure continuous-wave pump," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 22-28 (2006).
  6. J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Bismuth oxide nonlinear fibrebased 80 Gbit/s wavelength conversion and demultiplexing using cross-phase modulation and filtering scheme," IEEE Electron. Lett. 41, 22 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Bismuth oxide nonlinear fibrebased 80 Gbit/s wavelength conversion and demultiplexing using cross-phase modulation and filtering scheme," IEEE Electron. Lett. 41, 22 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, T. Tanemura, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Comparison of Kerr Nonlinearlity Figure-of-Merit Including Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for Bismuth Oxide- and Silicabased Nonlinear Fibers," ECOC�?? 05, 467-468 (2005).

2004 (1)

M. E. Marhic, K. K-Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 5 (2004).

1996 (1)

Chiang, T.-K.

Hasegawa, T.

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Bismuth-Oxide-based nonlinear fiber with a high SBS threshold and its application to four-wave-mixing wavelength conversion using a pure continuous-wave pump," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 22-28 (2006).

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Bismuth oxide nonlinear fibrebased 80 Gbit/s wavelength conversion and demultiplexing using cross-phase modulation and filtering scheme," IEEE Electron. Lett. 41, 22 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, T. Tanemura, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Comparison of Kerr Nonlinearlity Figure-of-Merit Including Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for Bismuth Oxide- and Silicabased Nonlinear Fibers," ECOC�?? 05, 467-468 (2005).

Kagi, N.

Kazovsky, L. G.

M. E. Marhic, K. K-Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 5 (2004).

M. E. Marhic, N. Kagi, T.-K. Chiang, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Broadband fiber optical parametric amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 21, 573-575 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kikuchi, K.

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Bismuth-Oxide-based nonlinear fiber with a high SBS threshold and its application to four-wave-mixing wavelength conversion using a pure continuous-wave pump," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 22-28 (2006).

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Bismuth oxide nonlinear fibrebased 80 Gbit/s wavelength conversion and demultiplexing using cross-phase modulation and filtering scheme," IEEE Electron. Lett. 41, 22 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, T. Tanemura, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Comparison of Kerr Nonlinearlity Figure-of-Merit Including Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for Bismuth Oxide- and Silicabased Nonlinear Fibers," ECOC�?? 05, 467-468 (2005).

Lee, J. H.

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Bismuth-Oxide-based nonlinear fiber with a high SBS threshold and its application to four-wave-mixing wavelength conversion using a pure continuous-wave pump," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 22-28 (2006).

J. H. Lee, T. Tanemura, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Comparison of Kerr Nonlinearlity Figure-of-Merit Including Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for Bismuth Oxide- and Silicabased Nonlinear Fibers," ECOC�?? 05, 467-468 (2005).

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Bismuth oxide nonlinear fibrebased 80 Gbit/s wavelength conversion and demultiplexing using cross-phase modulation and filtering scheme," IEEE Electron. Lett. 41, 22 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Marhic, M. E.

M. E. Marhic, K. K-Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 5 (2004).

M. E. Marhic, N. Kagi, T.-K. Chiang, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Broadband fiber optical parametric amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 21, 573-575 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nagashima, T.

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Bismuth-Oxide-based nonlinear fiber with a high SBS threshold and its application to four-wave-mixing wavelength conversion using a pure continuous-wave pump," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 22-28 (2006).

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Bismuth oxide nonlinear fibrebased 80 Gbit/s wavelength conversion and demultiplexing using cross-phase modulation and filtering scheme," IEEE Electron. Lett. 41, 22 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, T. Tanemura, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Comparison of Kerr Nonlinearlity Figure-of-Merit Including Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for Bismuth Oxide- and Silicabased Nonlinear Fibers," ECOC�?? 05, 467-468 (2005).

Ohara, S.

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Bismuth-Oxide-based nonlinear fiber with a high SBS threshold and its application to four-wave-mixing wavelength conversion using a pure continuous-wave pump," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 22-28 (2006).

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Bismuth oxide nonlinear fibrebased 80 Gbit/s wavelength conversion and demultiplexing using cross-phase modulation and filtering scheme," IEEE Electron. Lett. 41, 22 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, T. Tanemura, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Comparison of Kerr Nonlinearlity Figure-of-Merit Including Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for Bismuth Oxide- and Silicabased Nonlinear Fibers," ECOC�?? 05, 467-468 (2005).

Sugimoto, N.

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Bismuth-Oxide-based nonlinear fiber with a high SBS threshold and its application to four-wave-mixing wavelength conversion using a pure continuous-wave pump," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 22-28 (2006).

J. H. Lee, T. Tanemura, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Comparison of Kerr Nonlinearlity Figure-of-Merit Including Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for Bismuth Oxide- and Silicabased Nonlinear Fibers," ECOC�?? 05, 467-468 (2005).

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Bismuth oxide nonlinear fibrebased 80 Gbit/s wavelength conversion and demultiplexing using cross-phase modulation and filtering scheme," IEEE Electron. Lett. 41, 22 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tanemura, T.

J. H. Lee, T. Tanemura, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Comparison of Kerr Nonlinearlity Figure-of-Merit Including Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for Bismuth Oxide- and Silicabased Nonlinear Fibers," ECOC�?? 05, 467-468 (2005).

Wong, K. K-Y.

M. E. Marhic, K. K-Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 5 (2004).

ECOC (1)

J. H. Lee, T. Tanemura, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Comparison of Kerr Nonlinearlity Figure-of-Merit Including Stimulated Brillouin Scattering for Bismuth Oxide- and Silicabased Nonlinear Fibers," ECOC�?? 05, 467-468 (2005).

IEEE Electron. Lett. (1)

J. H. Lee, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, N. Sugimoto, and K. Kikuchi, "Bismuth oxide nonlinear fibrebased 80 Gbit/s wavelength conversion and demultiplexing using cross-phase modulation and filtering scheme," IEEE Electron. Lett. 41, 22 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. E. Marhic, K. K-Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Wide-band tuning of the gain spectra of one-pump fiber optical parametric amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 5 (2004).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, 1989).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Phase mismatching Δβ as a function of Δω

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Theoretical gain spectra at different pump wavelength in Bi-HNLF.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental Setup

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental ASE spectra at different pump wavelength in Bi-HNLF.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measurement of optical parametric amplification.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The shift of ASE spectra as the pump wavelength is changed.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Average pump power dependency of the maximum gain and 3 dB bandwidth

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Theoretical gain spectra at different pump wavelength in DSF and HNLF.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Optical parameters of various types of nonlinear fibers [3.]

Equations (6)

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Δ β = β s + β i 2 β p β 2 ( Δ ω ) 2 + β 4 12 ( Δ ω ) 4 ,
G p = 1 + [ γ P 0 g sinh ( gL ) ] 2 ,
g = Δ β ( Δ β 4 + γ P 0 ) .
4 γ P 0 < Δ β < 0 .
λ peak λ p ± λ p 2 2 π c β 3 ( ω p ω 0 ) β 3 2 ( ω p ω 0 ) 2 2 β 4 γ P 0 3 β 4 6 = λ p ± Δ λ ,
δ λ λ 0 2 2 π c Δ ω Δ β = 4 γ P 0 Δ ω Δ β = 0 3 2 ( λ 0 π c ) 4 γ P 0 β 4 ( Δ λ ) 3

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