Abstract

We demonstrate a direct, single measurement technique for characterizing the dispersion of a photonic crystal waveguide (PCWG) using a tapered fiber evanescent coupling method. A highly curved fiber taper is used to probe the Fabry-Pérot spectrum of a closed PCWG over a broad k-space range, and from this measurement the dispersive properties of the waveguide can be found. Waveguide propagation losses can also be estimated from measurements of closed waveguides with different lengths. The validity of this method is demonstrated by comparing the results obtained on a �??W1�?? PCWG in chalcogenide glass with numerical simulation.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  12. X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d'Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, "Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  18. C. Koos, M. Fujii, C. G. Poulton, R. Steingrueber, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, "FDTD modelling of dispersive nonlinear ring resonators: accuracy studies and experiments," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1215-1223 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  19. G. J. Pearce, T. D. Hedley, and D. M. Bird, "Adaptive curvilinear coordinates in a plane-wave solution of Maxwell's equations in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B,  71, 195108 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. C. Grillet, C. Monat, C. L. Smith, B. J. Eggleton, D. J. Moss, S. Frédérick, D. Dalacu, P. J. Poole, J. Lapointe, G. Aers, and R. L. Williams, "Nanowire coupling to photonic crystal nanocavities for single photon sources," Opt. Express 15, 1267-1276 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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  22. M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. Lee, "Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 1277-1285 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  23. E.  Kuramochi, M.  Notomi, S.  Hughes, A.  Shinya, T.  Watanabe and L.  Ramunno, "Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys Rev B.  72, 161318 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  24. S. Combrié, E. Weidner, A. DeRossi, S. Bansropun, S. Cassette, A. Talneau, and H. Benisty, "Detailed analysis by Fabry-Peìrot method of slab photonic crystal line-defect waveguides and cavities in aluminium-free material system," Opt. Express 14, 7353-7361 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  25. D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, A. Rode, R. Wang, and B. Luther-Davies, "Fabrication of low loss Ge33As12Se55 (AMTIR-1) planar waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011115 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  26. J. Schrauwen, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, "Focused-ion-beam fabricated vertical fiber couplers on silicon-on-insulator waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141102 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  27. L. O'Faolain, T. P. White, D. O'Brien, X. Yuan, M. D. Settle, and T. F. Krauss, "Dependence of extrinsic loss on group velocity in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 13129-13138 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  28. J. Li, T. P. White, L. O'Faolain, A. Gomez-Iglesias, and T. F. Krauss, "Systematic design of flat band slow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 16, 6227-6232 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, "Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals," Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3-11 (2008).

J. Li, T. P. White, L. O'Faolain, A. Gomez-Iglesias, and T. F. Krauss, "Systematic design of flat band slow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 16, 6227-6232 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (6)

2006 (3)

C. Koos, M. Fujii, C. G. Poulton, R. Steingrueber, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, "FDTD modelling of dispersive nonlinear ring resonators: accuracy studies and experiments," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1215-1223 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Schrauwen, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, "Focused-ion-beam fabricated vertical fiber couplers on silicon-on-insulator waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Combrié, E. Weidner, A. DeRossi, S. Bansropun, S. Cassette, A. Talneau, and H. Benisty, "Detailed analysis by Fabry-Peìrot method of slab photonic crystal line-defect waveguides and cavities in aluminium-free material system," Opt. Express 14, 7353-7361 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

R. J. P. Engelen, T. Karle, H. Gersen, J. Korterik, T. Krauss, L. Kuipers, and N. van Hulst, "Local probing of Bloch mode dispersion in a photonic crystal waveguide," Opt. Express 13, 4457-4464 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E.  Kuramochi, M.  Notomi, S.  Hughes, A.  Shinya, T.  Watanabe and L.  Ramunno, "Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys Rev B.  72, 161318 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Pearce, T. D. Hedley, and D. M. Bird, "Adaptive curvilinear coordinates in a plane-wave solution of Maxwell's equations in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B,  71, 195108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M.  Fujii, C.  Koos, C.  Poulton, I.  Sakagami, J.  Leuthold and W.  Freude, "A simple and rigorous verification technique for nonlinear FDTD algorithms by optical parametric four-wave mixing," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett.  48, 88-91 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

2003 (3)

S. McNab, N. Moll, and Y. Vlasov, "Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 11, 2927-2939 (2003).

T. F. Krauss, "Planar photonic crystal waveguide devices for integrated optics," Phys. Status Solidi (A) 197, 688-702, (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Martinez, F. Cuesta, and J. Martí, "Ultrashort 2-D photonic crystal directional couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 694-696 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, K. Yamada, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Structural tuning of guiding modes of line-defect waveguides of SOI photonic crystal slabs," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 736-742 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Solja�?i�?, S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, M. Ibanescu, E. Ippen, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Photonic-crystal slow-light enhancement of nonlinear phase sensitivity," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2052-2059 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d'Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, "Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Aers, G.

Baets, R.

J. Schrauwen, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, "Focused-ion-beam fabricated vertical fiber couplers on silicon-on-insulator waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bansropun, S.

Barclay, P. E.

Barclay, P.E.

P. E.  Barclay, K.  Srinivasan, M.  Borselli, and O.  Painter, "Probing the dispersive and spatial properties of photonic crystal waveguides via highly efficient coupling from fiber tapers," Appl. Phys. Lett.  85, 4-6 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Benisty, H.

Bird, D. M.

G. J. Pearce, T. D. Hedley, and D. M. Bird, "Adaptive curvilinear coordinates in a plane-wave solution of Maxwell's equations in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B,  71, 195108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

Borselli, M.

P. E.  Barclay, K.  Srinivasan, M.  Borselli, and O.  Painter, "Probing the dispersive and spatial properties of photonic crystal waveguides via highly efficient coupling from fiber tapers," Appl. Phys. Lett.  85, 4-6 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, "Efficient input and output fiber coupling to a photonic crystal waveguide," Opt. Lett. 29, 697-699 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cassette, S.

Chai, Y. J.

Cheung, G.

Choi, D. Y.

D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, A. Rode, R. Wang, and B. Luther-Davies, "Fabrication of low loss Ge33As12Se55 (AMTIR-1) planar waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Combrié, S.

Cuesta, F.

A. Martinez, F. Cuesta, and J. Martí, "Ultrashort 2-D photonic crystal directional couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 694-696 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dalacu, D.

De Sterke, C. M.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, "Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals," Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3-11 (2008).

DeRossi, A.

Eggleton, B. J.

Engelen, R. J. P.

Fan, S.

Frédérick, S.

Freeman, D.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, "Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals," Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3-11 (2008).

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. Lee, "Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 1277-1285 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Freude, W.

C. Koos, M. Fujii, C. G. Poulton, R. Steingrueber, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, "FDTD modelling of dispersive nonlinear ring resonators: accuracy studies and experiments," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1215-1223 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M.  Fujii, C.  Koos, C.  Poulton, I.  Sakagami, J.  Leuthold and W.  Freude, "A simple and rigorous verification technique for nonlinear FDTD algorithms by optical parametric four-wave mixing," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett.  48, 88-91 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, M.

C. Koos, M. Fujii, C. G. Poulton, R. Steingrueber, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, "FDTD modelling of dispersive nonlinear ring resonators: accuracy studies and experiments," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1215-1223 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M.  Fujii, C.  Koos, C.  Poulton, I.  Sakagami, J.  Leuthold and W.  Freude, "A simple and rigorous verification technique for nonlinear FDTD algorithms by optical parametric four-wave mixing," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett.  48, 88-91 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gersen, H.

Gomez-Iglesias, A.

J. Li, T. P. White, L. O'Faolain, A. Gomez-Iglesias, and T. F. Krauss, "Systematic design of flat band slow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 16, 6227-6232 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A.  Gomez-Iglesias, D.  O�??Brien, L.  O�??Faolain, A.  Miller, and T. F.  Krauss, "Direct measurement of the group index of photonic crystal waveguides via Fourier transform spectral interferometry," Appl. Phys. Lett.  90, 261107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grillet, C.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, "Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals," Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3-11 (2008).

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. Lee, "Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 1277-1285 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Grillet, C. Monat, C. L. Smith, B. J. Eggleton, D. J. Moss, S. Frédérick, D. Dalacu, P. J. Poole, J. Lapointe, G. Aers, and R. L. Williams, "Nanowire coupling to photonic crystal nanocavities for single photon sources," Opt. Express 15, 1267-1276 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d'Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, "Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hedley, T. D.

G. J. Pearce, T. D. Hedley, and D. M. Bird, "Adaptive curvilinear coordinates in a plane-wave solution of Maxwell's equations in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B,  71, 195108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Houdré, R.

Hughes, S.

E.  Kuramochi, M.  Notomi, S.  Hughes, A.  Shinya, T.  Watanabe and L.  Ramunno, "Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys Rev B.  72, 161318 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ibanescu, M.

Ippen, E.

Jacques, F.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Johnson, S. G.

Karle, T.

Karle, T. J.

Knight, J. C.

Koos, C.

C. Koos, M. Fujii, C. G. Poulton, R. Steingrueber, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, "FDTD modelling of dispersive nonlinear ring resonators: accuracy studies and experiments," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1215-1223 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M.  Fujii, C.  Koos, C.  Poulton, I.  Sakagami, J.  Leuthold and W.  Freude, "A simple and rigorous verification technique for nonlinear FDTD algorithms by optical parametric four-wave mixing," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett.  48, 88-91 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Korterik, J.

Kotlyar, M. V.

Krauss, T.

Krauss, T. F.

Krolikowska, M.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, "Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals," Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3-11 (2008).

Kuipers, L.

Kuramochi, E.

E.  Kuramochi, M.  Notomi, S.  Hughes, A.  Shinya, T.  Watanabe and L.  Ramunno, "Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys Rev B.  72, 161318 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lapointe, J.

Le Thomas, N.

Lee, M. W.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, "Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals," Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3-11 (2008).

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. Lee, "Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 1277-1285 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.

Lee, Y. H.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, "Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals," Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3-11 (2008).

Letartre, X.

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d'Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, "Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

C. Koos, M. Fujii, C. G. Poulton, R. Steingrueber, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, "FDTD modelling of dispersive nonlinear ring resonators: accuracy studies and experiments," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1215-1223 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M.  Fujii, C.  Koos, C.  Poulton, I.  Sakagami, J.  Leuthold and W.  Freude, "A simple and rigorous verification technique for nonlinear FDTD algorithms by optical parametric four-wave mixing," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett.  48, 88-91 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

Luther-Davies, B.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, "Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals," Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3-11 (2008).

D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, A. Rode, R. Wang, and B. Luther-Davies, "Fabrication of low loss Ge33As12Se55 (AMTIR-1) planar waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. Lee, "Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 1277-1285 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Madden, S.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, "Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals," Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3-11 (2008).

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. Lee, "Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 1277-1285 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, A. Rode, R. Wang, and B. Luther-Davies, "Fabrication of low loss Ge33As12Se55 (AMTIR-1) planar waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martí, J.

A. Martinez, F. Cuesta, and J. Martí, "Ultrashort 2-D photonic crystal directional couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 694-696 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, A.

A. Martinez, F. Cuesta, and J. Martí, "Ultrashort 2-D photonic crystal directional couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 694-696 (2003).
[CrossRef]

McNab, S.

Miller, A.

A.  Gomez-Iglesias, D.  O�??Brien, L.  O�??Faolain, A.  Miller, and T. F.  Krauss, "Direct measurement of the group index of photonic crystal waveguides via Fourier transform spectral interferometry," Appl. Phys. Lett.  90, 261107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Moll, N.

Monat, C.

Morgan, C. N.

Moss, D. J.

Notomi, M.

E.  Kuramochi, M.  Notomi, S.  Hughes, A.  Shinya, T.  Watanabe and L.  Ramunno, "Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys Rev B.  72, 161318 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, K. Yamada, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Structural tuning of guiding modes of line-defect waveguides of SOI photonic crystal slabs," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 736-742 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

O???Brien, D.

A.  Gomez-Iglesias, D.  O�??Brien, L.  O�??Faolain, A.  Miller, and T. F.  Krauss, "Direct measurement of the group index of photonic crystal waveguides via Fourier transform spectral interferometry," Appl. Phys. Lett.  90, 261107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O???Faolain, L.

A.  Gomez-Iglesias, D.  O�??Brien, L.  O�??Faolain, A.  Miller, and T. F.  Krauss, "Direct measurement of the group index of photonic crystal waveguides via Fourier transform spectral interferometry," Appl. Phys. Lett.  90, 261107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O'Brien, D.

O'Faolain, L.

Painter, O.

P. E.  Barclay, K.  Srinivasan, M.  Borselli, and O.  Painter, "Probing the dispersive and spatial properties of photonic crystal waveguides via highly efficient coupling from fiber tapers," Appl. Phys. Lett.  85, 4-6 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, "Efficient input and output fiber coupling to a photonic crystal waveguide," Opt. Lett. 29, 697-699 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pearce, G. J.

G. J. Pearce, T. D. Hedley, and D. M. Bird, "Adaptive curvilinear coordinates in a plane-wave solution of Maxwell's equations in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B,  71, 195108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Poole, P. J.

Poulton, C.

M.  Fujii, C.  Koos, C.  Poulton, I.  Sakagami, J.  Leuthold and W.  Freude, "A simple and rigorous verification technique for nonlinear FDTD algorithms by optical parametric four-wave mixing," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett.  48, 88-91 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Poulton, C. G.

C. Koos, M. Fujii, C. G. Poulton, R. Steingrueber, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, "FDTD modelling of dispersive nonlinear ring resonators: accuracy studies and experiments," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1215-1223 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ramunno, L.

E.  Kuramochi, M.  Notomi, S.  Hughes, A.  Shinya, T.  Watanabe and L.  Ramunno, "Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys Rev B.  72, 161318 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rode, A.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, "Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals," Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3-11 (2008).

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. Lee, "Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 1277-1285 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, A. Rode, R. Wang, and B. Luther-Davies, "Fabrication of low loss Ge33As12Se55 (AMTIR-1) planar waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rojo-Romeo, P.

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d'Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, "Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ruan, Y.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, "Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals," Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3-11 (2008).

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. Lee, "Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 1277-1285 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sakagami, I.

M.  Fujii, C.  Koos, C.  Poulton, I.  Sakagami, J.  Leuthold and W.  Freude, "A simple and rigorous verification technique for nonlinear FDTD algorithms by optical parametric four-wave mixing," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett.  48, 88-91 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schrauwen, J.

J. Schrauwen, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, "Focused-ion-beam fabricated vertical fiber couplers on silicon-on-insulator waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Seassal, C.

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d'Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, "Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Settle, M. D.

Shinya, A.

E.  Kuramochi, M.  Notomi, S.  Hughes, A.  Shinya, T.  Watanabe and L.  Ramunno, "Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys Rev B.  72, 161318 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, K. Yamada, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Structural tuning of guiding modes of line-defect waveguides of SOI photonic crystal slabs," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 736-742 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Smith, C. L.

Smith, C. L. C.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, "Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals," Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3-11 (2008).

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. Lee, "Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 1277-1285 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Solja??i??, M.

Srinivasan, K.

P. E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, "Efficient input and output fiber coupling to a photonic crystal waveguide," Opt. Lett. 29, 697-699 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. E.  Barclay, K.  Srinivasan, M.  Borselli, and O.  Painter, "Probing the dispersive and spatial properties of photonic crystal waveguides via highly efficient coupling from fiber tapers," Appl. Phys. Lett.  85, 4-6 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Steel, M. J.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, "Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals," Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3-11 (2008).

Steingrueber, R.

C. Koos, M. Fujii, C. G. Poulton, R. Steingrueber, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, "FDTD modelling of dispersive nonlinear ring resonators: accuracy studies and experiments," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1215-1223 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, C.

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, K. Yamada, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Structural tuning of guiding modes of line-defect waveguides of SOI photonic crystal slabs," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 736-742 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, J.

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, K. Yamada, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Structural tuning of guiding modes of line-defect waveguides of SOI photonic crystal slabs," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 736-742 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Talneau, A.

Tomljenovic-Hanic, S.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, "Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals," Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3-11 (2008).

van Hulst, N.

Van Thourhout, D.

J. Schrauwen, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, "Focused-ion-beam fabricated vertical fiber couplers on silicon-on-insulator waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Viktorovitch, P.

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d'Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, "Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y.

Wang, R.

D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, A. Rode, R. Wang, and B. Luther-Davies, "Fabrication of low loss Ge33As12Se55 (AMTIR-1) planar waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, T.

E.  Kuramochi, M.  Notomi, S.  Hughes, A.  Shinya, T.  Watanabe and L.  Ramunno, "Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys Rev B.  72, 161318 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weidner, E.

White, I. H.

White, T. P.

Williams, R. L.

Yamada, K.

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, K. Yamada, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Structural tuning of guiding modes of line-defect waveguides of SOI photonic crystal slabs," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 736-742 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yokohama, I.

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, K. Yamada, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Structural tuning of guiding modes of line-defect waveguides of SOI photonic crystal slabs," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 736-742 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, X.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

A.  Gomez-Iglesias, D.  O�??Brien, L.  O�??Faolain, A.  Miller, and T. F.  Krauss, "Direct measurement of the group index of photonic crystal waveguides via Fourier transform spectral interferometry," Appl. Phys. Lett.  90, 261107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d'Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, "Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. E.  Barclay, K.  Srinivasan, M.  Borselli, and O.  Painter, "Probing the dispersive and spatial properties of photonic crystal waveguides via highly efficient coupling from fiber tapers," Appl. Phys. Lett.  85, 4-6 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, A. Rode, R. Wang, and B. Luther-Davies, "Fabrication of low loss Ge33As12Se55 (AMTIR-1) planar waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011115 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Schrauwen, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, "Focused-ion-beam fabricated vertical fiber couplers on silicon-on-insulator waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

C. Koos, M. Fujii, C. G. Poulton, R. Steingrueber, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, "FDTD modelling of dispersive nonlinear ring resonators: accuracy studies and experiments," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1215-1223 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, K. Yamada, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Structural tuning of guiding modes of line-defect waveguides of SOI photonic crystal slabs," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 736-742 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Martinez, F. Cuesta, and J. Martí, "Ultrashort 2-D photonic crystal directional couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 694-696 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

M.  Fujii, C.  Koos, C.  Poulton, I.  Sakagami, J.  Leuthold and W.  Freude, "A simple and rigorous verification technique for nonlinear FDTD algorithms by optical parametric four-wave mixing," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett.  48, 88-91 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (7)

S. McNab, N. Moll, and Y. Vlasov, "Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 11, 2927-2939 (2003).

J. Li, T. P. White, L. O'Faolain, A. Gomez-Iglesias, and T. F. Krauss, "Systematic design of flat band slow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 16, 6227-6232 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. J. P. Engelen, T. Karle, H. Gersen, J. Korterik, T. Krauss, L. Kuipers, and N. van Hulst, "Local probing of Bloch mode dispersion in a photonic crystal waveguide," Opt. Express 13, 4457-4464 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Combrié, E. Weidner, A. DeRossi, S. Bansropun, S. Cassette, A. Talneau, and H. Benisty, "Detailed analysis by Fabry-Peìrot method of slab photonic crystal line-defect waveguides and cavities in aluminium-free material system," Opt. Express 14, 7353-7361 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Grillet, C. Monat, C. L. Smith, B. J. Eggleton, D. J. Moss, S. Frédérick, D. Dalacu, P. J. Poole, J. Lapointe, G. Aers, and R. L. Williams, "Nanowire coupling to photonic crystal nanocavities for single photon sources," Opt. Express 15, 1267-1276 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. Lee, "Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 1277-1285 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. O'Faolain, T. P. White, D. O'Brien, X. Yuan, M. D. Settle, and T. F. Krauss, "Dependence of extrinsic loss on group velocity in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 13129-13138 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. (1)

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, "Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals," Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3-11 (2008).

Phys Rev B. (1)

E.  Kuramochi, M.  Notomi, S.  Hughes, A.  Shinya, T.  Watanabe and L.  Ramunno, "Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys Rev B.  72, 161318 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

G. J. Pearce, T. D. Hedley, and D. M. Bird, "Adaptive curvilinear coordinates in a plane-wave solution of Maxwell's equations in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B,  71, 195108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi (1)

T. F. Krauss, "Planar photonic crystal waveguide devices for integrated optics," Phys. Status Solidi (A) 197, 688-702, (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

J.-M. Lourtioz, H. Benisty, V. Berger, J.-M. Gerard, D. Maystre, and A. Tchelnokov, Photonic Crystals: Towards Nanoscale Photonic Devices (Springer, 2005).

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, "Optical-fiber based measurement of an ultra-small volume high-Q photonic crystal microcavity," Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R) (2004).

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