Abstract

We demonstrate a direct, single measurement technique for characterizing the dispersion of a photonic crystal waveguide (PCWG) using a tapered fiber evanescent coupling method. A highly curved fiber taper is used to probe the Fabry-Pérot spectrum of a closed PCWG over a broad k-space range, and from this measurement the dispersive properties of the waveguide can be found. Waveguide propagation losses can also be estimated from measurements of closed waveguides with different lengths. The validity of this method is demonstrated by comparing the results obtained on a ‘W1’ PCWG in chalcogenide glass with numerical simulation.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. J.-M. Lourtioz, H. Benisty, V. Berger, J.-M. Gerard, D. Maystre, and A. Tchelnokov, Photonic Crystals: Towards Nanoscale Photonic Devices (Springer, 2005).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. T. F. Krauss, “Planar photonic crystal waveguide devices for integrated optics,” Phys. Status Solidi (a) 197, 688–702, (2003).
    [Crossref]
  4. T. J. Karle, Y. J. Chai, C. N. Morgan, I. H. White, and T. F. Krauss, “Observation of pulse compression in photonic crystal coupled cavity waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 514–519 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  5. A. Martinez, F. Cuesta, and J. Martí, “Ultrashort 2-D photonic crystal directional couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 694–696 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  6. M. Soljačić, S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, M. Ibanescu, E. Ippen, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Photonic-crystal slow-light enhancement of nonlinear phase sensitivity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2052–2059 (2002).
  7. M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Extremely large group velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. A. Gomez-Iglesias, D. O’Brien, L. O’Faolain, A. Miller, and T. F. Krauss, “Direct measurement of the group index of photonic crystal waveguides via Fourier transform spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261107 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  9. R. J. P. Engelen, T. Karle, H. Gersen, J. Korterik, T. Krauss, L. Kuipers, and N. van Hulst, “Local probing of Bloch mode dispersion in a photonic crystal waveguide,” Opt. Express 13, 4457–4464 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. N. Le Thomas, R. Houdré, M. V. Kotlyar, D. O’Brien, and T. F. Krauss, “Exploring light propagating in photonic crystals with Fourier optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2964–2971 (2007).
  11. M. Notomi, A. Shinya, K. Yamada, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Structural tuning of guiding modes of line-defect waveguides of SOI photonic crystal slabs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 736–742 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  12. X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  13. J. C. Knight, G. Cheung, F. Jacques, and T. A. Birks, “Phase-matched excitation of whispering-gallery-mode resonances by a fiber taper,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1129–1131 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. P. E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Efficient input and output fiber coupling to a photonic crystal waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 29, 697–699 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. P.E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Probing the dispersive and spatial properties of photonic crystal waveguides via highly efficient coupling from fiber tapers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4–6 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  16. K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Optical-fiber based measurement of an ultra-small volume high-Q photonic crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R) (2004).
  17. M. Fujii, C. Koos, C. Poulton, I. Sakagami, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “A simple and rigorous verification technique for nonlinear FDTD algorithms by optical parametric four-wave mixing,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 88–91 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  18. C. Koos, M. Fujii, C. G. Poulton, R. Steingrueber, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “FDTD modelling of dispersive nonlinear ring resonators: accuracy studies and experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1215–1223 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  19. G. J. Pearce, T. D. Hedley, and D. M. Bird, “Adaptive curvilinear coordinates in a plane-wave solution of Maxwell’s equations in photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B,  71, 195108 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  20. C. Grillet, C. Monat, C. L. Smith, B. J. Eggleton, D. J. Moss, S. Frédérick, D. Dalacu, P. J. Poole, J. Lapointe, G. Aers, and R. L. Williams, “Nanowire coupling to photonic crystal nanocavities for single photon sources,” Opt. Express 15, 1267–1276 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, “Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3–11 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  22. M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. Lee, “Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 1277–1285 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Hughes, A. Shinya, T. Watanabe, and L. Ramunno, “Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys Rev B. 72, 161318 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  24. S. Combrié, E. Weidner, A. DeRossi, S. Bansropun, S. Cassette, A. Talneau, and H. Benisty, “Detailed analysis by Fabry-Pérot method of slab photonic crystal line-defect waveguides and cavities in aluminium-free material system,” Opt. Express 14, 7353–7361 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, A. Rode, R. Wang, and B. Luther-Davies, “Fabrication of low loss Ge33As12Se55 (AMTIR-1) planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011115 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  26. J. Schrauwen, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Focused-ion-beam fabricated vertical fiber couplers on silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141102 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  27. L. O’Faolain, T. P. White, D. O’Brien, X. Yuan, M. D. Settle, and T. F. Krauss, “Dependence of extrinsic loss on group velocity in photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 13129–13138 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. J. Li, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, A. Gomez-Iglesias, and T. F. Krauss, “Systematic design of flat band slow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 16, 6227–6232 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, “Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3–11 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Li, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, A. Gomez-Iglesias, and T. F. Krauss, “Systematic design of flat band slow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 16, 6227–6232 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (6)

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. Lee, “Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 1277–1285 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Grillet, C. Monat, C. L. Smith, B. J. Eggleton, D. J. Moss, S. Frédérick, D. Dalacu, P. J. Poole, J. Lapointe, G. Aers, and R. L. Williams, “Nanowire coupling to photonic crystal nanocavities for single photon sources,” Opt. Express 15, 1267–1276 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, A. Rode, R. Wang, and B. Luther-Davies, “Fabrication of low loss Ge33As12Se55 (AMTIR-1) planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011115 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. O’Faolain, T. P. White, D. O’Brien, X. Yuan, M. D. Settle, and T. F. Krauss, “Dependence of extrinsic loss on group velocity in photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 13129–13138 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Gomez-Iglesias, D. O’Brien, L. O’Faolain, A. Miller, and T. F. Krauss, “Direct measurement of the group index of photonic crystal waveguides via Fourier transform spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261107 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Le Thomas, R. Houdré, M. V. Kotlyar, D. O’Brien, and T. F. Krauss, “Exploring light propagating in photonic crystals with Fourier optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2964–2971 (2007).

2006 (3)

C. Koos, M. Fujii, C. G. Poulton, R. Steingrueber, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “FDTD modelling of dispersive nonlinear ring resonators: accuracy studies and experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1215–1223 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Combrié, E. Weidner, A. DeRossi, S. Bansropun, S. Cassette, A. Talneau, and H. Benisty, “Detailed analysis by Fabry-Pérot method of slab photonic crystal line-defect waveguides and cavities in aluminium-free material system,” Opt. Express 14, 7353–7361 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Schrauwen, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Focused-ion-beam fabricated vertical fiber couplers on silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141102 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (4)

M. Fujii, C. Koos, C. Poulton, I. Sakagami, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “A simple and rigorous verification technique for nonlinear FDTD algorithms by optical parametric four-wave mixing,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 88–91 (2005).
[Crossref]

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Hughes, A. Shinya, T. Watanabe, and L. Ramunno, “Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys Rev B. 72, 161318 (2005).
[Crossref]

G. J. Pearce, T. D. Hedley, and D. M. Bird, “Adaptive curvilinear coordinates in a plane-wave solution of Maxwell’s equations in photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B,  71, 195108 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. J. P. Engelen, T. Karle, H. Gersen, J. Korterik, T. Krauss, L. Kuipers, and N. van Hulst, “Local probing of Bloch mode dispersion in a photonic crystal waveguide,” Opt. Express 13, 4457–4464 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (4)

T. J. Karle, Y. J. Chai, C. N. Morgan, I. H. White, and T. F. Krauss, “Observation of pulse compression in photonic crystal coupled cavity waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 514–519 (2004).
[Crossref]

P. E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Efficient input and output fiber coupling to a photonic crystal waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 29, 697–699 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P.E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Probing the dispersive and spatial properties of photonic crystal waveguides via highly efficient coupling from fiber tapers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4–6 (2004).
[Crossref]

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Optical-fiber based measurement of an ultra-small volume high-Q photonic crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R) (2004).

2003 (3)

A. Martinez, F. Cuesta, and J. Martí, “Ultrashort 2-D photonic crystal directional couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 694–696 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. McNab, N. Moll, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 11, 2927–2939 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. F. Krauss, “Planar photonic crystal waveguide devices for integrated optics,” Phys. Status Solidi (a) 197, 688–702, (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

M. Soljačić, S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, M. Ibanescu, E. Ippen, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Photonic-crystal slow-light enhancement of nonlinear phase sensitivity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2052–2059 (2002).

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, K. Yamada, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Structural tuning of guiding modes of line-defect waveguides of SOI photonic crystal slabs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 736–742 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Extremely large group velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

Aers, G.

Baets, R.

J. Schrauwen, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Focused-ion-beam fabricated vertical fiber couplers on silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bansropun, S.

Barclay, P. E.

P. E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Efficient input and output fiber coupling to a photonic crystal waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 29, 697–699 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Optical-fiber based measurement of an ultra-small volume high-Q photonic crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R) (2004).

Barclay, P.E.

P.E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Probing the dispersive and spatial properties of photonic crystal waveguides via highly efficient coupling from fiber tapers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4–6 (2004).
[Crossref]

Benisty, H.

Berger, V.

J.-M. Lourtioz, H. Benisty, V. Berger, J.-M. Gerard, D. Maystre, and A. Tchelnokov, Photonic Crystals: Towards Nanoscale Photonic Devices (Springer, 2005).

Bird, D. M.

G. J. Pearce, T. D. Hedley, and D. M. Bird, “Adaptive curvilinear coordinates in a plane-wave solution of Maxwell’s equations in photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B,  71, 195108 (2005).
[Crossref]

Birks, T. A.

Borselli, M.

P. E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Efficient input and output fiber coupling to a photonic crystal waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 29, 697–699 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P.E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Probing the dispersive and spatial properties of photonic crystal waveguides via highly efficient coupling from fiber tapers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4–6 (2004).
[Crossref]

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Optical-fiber based measurement of an ultra-small volume high-Q photonic crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R) (2004).

Cassagne, D.

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312 (2001).
[Crossref]

Cassette, S.

Chai, Y. J.

Cheung, G.

Choi, D. Y.

D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, A. Rode, R. Wang, and B. Luther-Davies, “Fabrication of low loss Ge33As12Se55 (AMTIR-1) planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011115 (2007).
[Crossref]

Combrié, S.

Cuesta, F.

A. Martinez, F. Cuesta, and J. Martí, “Ultrashort 2-D photonic crystal directional couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 694–696 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dalacu, D.

De Sterke, C. M.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, “Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3–11 (2008).
[Crossref]

DeRossi, A.

Eggleton, B. J.

Engelen, R. J. P.

Fan, S.

M. Soljačić, S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, M. Ibanescu, E. Ippen, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Photonic-crystal slow-light enhancement of nonlinear phase sensitivity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2052–2059 (2002).

Frédérick, S.

Freeman, D.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, “Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3–11 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. Lee, “Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 1277–1285 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Freude, W.

C. Koos, M. Fujii, C. G. Poulton, R. Steingrueber, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “FDTD modelling of dispersive nonlinear ring resonators: accuracy studies and experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1215–1223 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Fujii, C. Koos, C. Poulton, I. Sakagami, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “A simple and rigorous verification technique for nonlinear FDTD algorithms by optical parametric four-wave mixing,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 88–91 (2005).
[Crossref]

Fujii, M.

C. Koos, M. Fujii, C. G. Poulton, R. Steingrueber, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “FDTD modelling of dispersive nonlinear ring resonators: accuracy studies and experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1215–1223 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Fujii, C. Koos, C. Poulton, I. Sakagami, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “A simple and rigorous verification technique for nonlinear FDTD algorithms by optical parametric four-wave mixing,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 88–91 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gerard, J.-M.

J.-M. Lourtioz, H. Benisty, V. Berger, J.-M. Gerard, D. Maystre, and A. Tchelnokov, Photonic Crystals: Towards Nanoscale Photonic Devices (Springer, 2005).

Gersen, H.

Gomez-Iglesias, A.

J. Li, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, A. Gomez-Iglesias, and T. F. Krauss, “Systematic design of flat band slow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 16, 6227–6232 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Gomez-Iglesias, D. O’Brien, L. O’Faolain, A. Miller, and T. F. Krauss, “Direct measurement of the group index of photonic crystal waveguides via Fourier transform spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261107 (2007).
[Crossref]

Grillet, C.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, “Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3–11 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Grillet, C. Monat, C. L. Smith, B. J. Eggleton, D. J. Moss, S. Frédérick, D. Dalacu, P. J. Poole, J. Lapointe, G. Aers, and R. L. Williams, “Nanowire coupling to photonic crystal nanocavities for single photon sources,” Opt. Express 15, 1267–1276 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. Lee, “Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 1277–1285 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hedley, T. D.

G. J. Pearce, T. D. Hedley, and D. M. Bird, “Adaptive curvilinear coordinates in a plane-wave solution of Maxwell’s equations in photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B,  71, 195108 (2005).
[Crossref]

Houdré, R.

N. Le Thomas, R. Houdré, M. V. Kotlyar, D. O’Brien, and T. F. Krauss, “Exploring light propagating in photonic crystals with Fourier optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2964–2971 (2007).

Hughes, S.

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Hughes, A. Shinya, T. Watanabe, and L. Ramunno, “Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys Rev B. 72, 161318 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ibanescu, M.

M. Soljačić, S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, M. Ibanescu, E. Ippen, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Photonic-crystal slow-light enhancement of nonlinear phase sensitivity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2052–2059 (2002).

Ippen, E.

M. Soljačić, S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, M. Ibanescu, E. Ippen, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Photonic-crystal slow-light enhancement of nonlinear phase sensitivity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2052–2059 (2002).

Jacques, F.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

M. Soljačić, S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, M. Ibanescu, E. Ippen, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Photonic-crystal slow-light enhancement of nonlinear phase sensitivity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2052–2059 (2002).

Johnson, S. G.

M. Soljačić, S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, M. Ibanescu, E. Ippen, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Photonic-crystal slow-light enhancement of nonlinear phase sensitivity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2052–2059 (2002).

Jouanin, C.

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312 (2001).
[Crossref]

Karle, T.

Karle, T. J.

Knight, J. C.

Koos, C.

C. Koos, M. Fujii, C. G. Poulton, R. Steingrueber, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “FDTD modelling of dispersive nonlinear ring resonators: accuracy studies and experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1215–1223 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Fujii, C. Koos, C. Poulton, I. Sakagami, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “A simple and rigorous verification technique for nonlinear FDTD algorithms by optical parametric four-wave mixing,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 88–91 (2005).
[Crossref]

Korterik, J.

Kotlyar, M. V.

N. Le Thomas, R. Houdré, M. V. Kotlyar, D. O’Brien, and T. F. Krauss, “Exploring light propagating in photonic crystals with Fourier optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2964–2971 (2007).

Krauss, T.

Krauss, T. F.

J. Li, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, A. Gomez-Iglesias, and T. F. Krauss, “Systematic design of flat band slow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 16, 6227–6232 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. O’Faolain, T. P. White, D. O’Brien, X. Yuan, M. D. Settle, and T. F. Krauss, “Dependence of extrinsic loss on group velocity in photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 13129–13138 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Le Thomas, R. Houdré, M. V. Kotlyar, D. O’Brien, and T. F. Krauss, “Exploring light propagating in photonic crystals with Fourier optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2964–2971 (2007).

A. Gomez-Iglesias, D. O’Brien, L. O’Faolain, A. Miller, and T. F. Krauss, “Direct measurement of the group index of photonic crystal waveguides via Fourier transform spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261107 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. J. Karle, Y. J. Chai, C. N. Morgan, I. H. White, and T. F. Krauss, “Observation of pulse compression in photonic crystal coupled cavity waveguides,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 514–519 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. F. Krauss, “Planar photonic crystal waveguide devices for integrated optics,” Phys. Status Solidi (a) 197, 688–702, (2003).
[Crossref]

Krolikowska, M.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, “Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3–11 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kuipers, L.

Kuramochi, E.

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Hughes, A. Shinya, T. Watanabe, and L. Ramunno, “Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys Rev B. 72, 161318 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lapointe, J.

Le Thomas, N.

N. Le Thomas, R. Houdré, M. V. Kotlyar, D. O’Brien, and T. F. Krauss, “Exploring light propagating in photonic crystals with Fourier optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2964–2971 (2007).

Le Vassor d’Yerville, M.

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lee, M. W.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, “Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3–11 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. Lee, “Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 1277–1285 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, Y.

Lee, Y. H.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, “Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3–11 (2008).
[Crossref]

Letartre, X.

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312 (2001).
[Crossref]

Leuthold, J.

C. Koos, M. Fujii, C. G. Poulton, R. Steingrueber, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “FDTD modelling of dispersive nonlinear ring resonators: accuracy studies and experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1215–1223 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Fujii, C. Koos, C. Poulton, I. Sakagami, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “A simple and rigorous verification technique for nonlinear FDTD algorithms by optical parametric four-wave mixing,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 88–91 (2005).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Lourtioz, J.-M.

J.-M. Lourtioz, H. Benisty, V. Berger, J.-M. Gerard, D. Maystre, and A. Tchelnokov, Photonic Crystals: Towards Nanoscale Photonic Devices (Springer, 2005).

Luther-Davies, B.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, “Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3–11 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, A. Rode, R. Wang, and B. Luther-Davies, “Fabrication of low loss Ge33As12Se55 (AMTIR-1) planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011115 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. Lee, “Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 1277–1285 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Madden, S.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, “Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3–11 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. Lee, “Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 1277–1285 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, A. Rode, R. Wang, and B. Luther-Davies, “Fabrication of low loss Ge33As12Se55 (AMTIR-1) planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011115 (2007).
[Crossref]

Martí, J.

A. Martinez, F. Cuesta, and J. Martí, “Ultrashort 2-D photonic crystal directional couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 694–696 (2003).
[Crossref]

Martinez, A.

A. Martinez, F. Cuesta, and J. Martí, “Ultrashort 2-D photonic crystal directional couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 694–696 (2003).
[Crossref]

Maystre, D.

J.-M. Lourtioz, H. Benisty, V. Berger, J.-M. Gerard, D. Maystre, and A. Tchelnokov, Photonic Crystals: Towards Nanoscale Photonic Devices (Springer, 2005).

McNab, S.

Miller, A.

A. Gomez-Iglesias, D. O’Brien, L. O’Faolain, A. Miller, and T. F. Krauss, “Direct measurement of the group index of photonic crystal waveguides via Fourier transform spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261107 (2007).
[Crossref]

Moll, N.

Monat, C.

Morgan, C. N.

Moss, D. J.

Notomi, M.

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Hughes, A. Shinya, T. Watanabe, and L. Ramunno, “Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys Rev B. 72, 161318 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, K. Yamada, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Structural tuning of guiding modes of line-defect waveguides of SOI photonic crystal slabs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 736–742 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Extremely large group velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O’Brien, D.

A. Gomez-Iglesias, D. O’Brien, L. O’Faolain, A. Miller, and T. F. Krauss, “Direct measurement of the group index of photonic crystal waveguides via Fourier transform spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261107 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Le Thomas, R. Houdré, M. V. Kotlyar, D. O’Brien, and T. F. Krauss, “Exploring light propagating in photonic crystals with Fourier optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2964–2971 (2007).

L. O’Faolain, T. P. White, D. O’Brien, X. Yuan, M. D. Settle, and T. F. Krauss, “Dependence of extrinsic loss on group velocity in photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 13129–13138 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O’Faolain, L.

Painter, O.

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Optical-fiber based measurement of an ultra-small volume high-Q photonic crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R) (2004).

P.E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Probing the dispersive and spatial properties of photonic crystal waveguides via highly efficient coupling from fiber tapers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4–6 (2004).
[Crossref]

P. E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Efficient input and output fiber coupling to a photonic crystal waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 29, 697–699 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pearce, G. J.

G. J. Pearce, T. D. Hedley, and D. M. Bird, “Adaptive curvilinear coordinates in a plane-wave solution of Maxwell’s equations in photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B,  71, 195108 (2005).
[Crossref]

Poole, P. J.

Poulton, C.

M. Fujii, C. Koos, C. Poulton, I. Sakagami, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “A simple and rigorous verification technique for nonlinear FDTD algorithms by optical parametric four-wave mixing,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 88–91 (2005).
[Crossref]

Poulton, C. G.

C. Koos, M. Fujii, C. G. Poulton, R. Steingrueber, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “FDTD modelling of dispersive nonlinear ring resonators: accuracy studies and experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1215–1223 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ramunno, L.

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Hughes, A. Shinya, T. Watanabe, and L. Ramunno, “Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys Rev B. 72, 161318 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rode, A.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, “Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3–11 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, A. Rode, R. Wang, and B. Luther-Davies, “Fabrication of low loss Ge33As12Se55 (AMTIR-1) planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011115 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. Lee, “Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 1277–1285 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rojo-Romeo, P.

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ruan, Y.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, “Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3–11 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. Lee, “Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 1277–1285 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sakagami, I.

M. Fujii, C. Koos, C. Poulton, I. Sakagami, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “A simple and rigorous verification technique for nonlinear FDTD algorithms by optical parametric four-wave mixing,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 88–91 (2005).
[Crossref]

Schrauwen, J.

J. Schrauwen, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Focused-ion-beam fabricated vertical fiber couplers on silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Seassal, C.

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312 (2001).
[Crossref]

Settle, M. D.

Shinya, A.

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Hughes, A. Shinya, T. Watanabe, and L. Ramunno, “Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys Rev B. 72, 161318 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, K. Yamada, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Structural tuning of guiding modes of line-defect waveguides of SOI photonic crystal slabs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 736–742 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Extremely large group velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, C. L.

Smith, C. L. C.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, “Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3–11 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. Lee, “Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 1277–1285 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soljacic, M.

M. Soljačić, S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, M. Ibanescu, E. Ippen, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Photonic-crystal slow-light enhancement of nonlinear phase sensitivity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2052–2059 (2002).

Srinivasan, K.

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Optical-fiber based measurement of an ultra-small volume high-Q photonic crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R) (2004).

P.E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Probing the dispersive and spatial properties of photonic crystal waveguides via highly efficient coupling from fiber tapers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4–6 (2004).
[Crossref]

P. E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Efficient input and output fiber coupling to a photonic crystal waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 29, 697–699 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Steel, M. J.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, “Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3–11 (2008).
[Crossref]

Steingrueber, R.

C. Koos, M. Fujii, C. G. Poulton, R. Steingrueber, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “FDTD modelling of dispersive nonlinear ring resonators: accuracy studies and experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1215–1223 (2006).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, C.

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, K. Yamada, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Structural tuning of guiding modes of line-defect waveguides of SOI photonic crystal slabs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 736–742 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Extremely large group velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takahashi, J.

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, K. Yamada, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Structural tuning of guiding modes of line-defect waveguides of SOI photonic crystal slabs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 736–742 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Extremely large group velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Talneau, A.

Tchelnokov, A.

J.-M. Lourtioz, H. Benisty, V. Berger, J.-M. Gerard, D. Maystre, and A. Tchelnokov, Photonic Crystals: Towards Nanoscale Photonic Devices (Springer, 2005).

Tomljenovic-Hanic, S.

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, “Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3–11 (2008).
[Crossref]

van Hulst, N.

Van Thourhout, D.

J. Schrauwen, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Focused-ion-beam fabricated vertical fiber couplers on silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Viktorovitch, P.

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312 (2001).
[Crossref]

Vlasov, Y.

Wang, R.

D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, A. Rode, R. Wang, and B. Luther-Davies, “Fabrication of low loss Ge33As12Se55 (AMTIR-1) planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011115 (2007).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, T.

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Hughes, A. Shinya, T. Watanabe, and L. Ramunno, “Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys Rev B. 72, 161318 (2005).
[Crossref]

Weidner, E.

White, I. H.

White, T. P.

Williams, R. L.

Yamada, K.

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, K. Yamada, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Structural tuning of guiding modes of line-defect waveguides of SOI photonic crystal slabs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 736–742 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Extremely large group velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yokohama, I.

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, K. Yamada, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Structural tuning of guiding modes of line-defect waveguides of SOI photonic crystal slabs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 736–742 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Extremely large group velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yuan, X.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

A. Gomez-Iglesias, D. O’Brien, L. O’Faolain, A. Miller, and T. F. Krauss, “Direct measurement of the group index of photonic crystal waveguides via Fourier transform spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261107 (2007).
[Crossref]

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312 (2001).
[Crossref]

P.E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Probing the dispersive and spatial properties of photonic crystal waveguides via highly efficient coupling from fiber tapers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4–6 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, A. Rode, R. Wang, and B. Luther-Davies, “Fabrication of low loss Ge33As12Se55 (AMTIR-1) planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011115 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Schrauwen, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Focused-ion-beam fabricated vertical fiber couplers on silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141102 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, K. Yamada, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Structural tuning of guiding modes of line-defect waveguides of SOI photonic crystal slabs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 736–742 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Koos, M. Fujii, C. G. Poulton, R. Steingrueber, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “FDTD modelling of dispersive nonlinear ring resonators: accuracy studies and experiments,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 1215–1223 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Martinez, F. Cuesta, and J. Martí, “Ultrashort 2-D photonic crystal directional couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 694–696 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

M. Soljačić, S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, M. Ibanescu, E. Ippen, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Photonic-crystal slow-light enhancement of nonlinear phase sensitivity,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2052–2059 (2002).

N. Le Thomas, R. Houdré, M. V. Kotlyar, D. O’Brien, and T. F. Krauss, “Exploring light propagating in photonic crystals with Fourier optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2964–2971 (2007).

Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Fujii, C. Koos, C. Poulton, I. Sakagami, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “A simple and rigorous verification technique for nonlinear FDTD algorithms by optical parametric four-wave mixing,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 48, 88–91 (2005).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

R. J. P. Engelen, T. Karle, H. Gersen, J. Korterik, T. Krauss, L. Kuipers, and N. van Hulst, “Local probing of Bloch mode dispersion in a photonic crystal waveguide,” Opt. Express 13, 4457–4464 (2005).
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S. Combrié, E. Weidner, A. DeRossi, S. Bansropun, S. Cassette, A. Talneau, and H. Benisty, “Detailed analysis by Fabry-Pérot method of slab photonic crystal line-defect waveguides and cavities in aluminium-free material system,” Opt. Express 14, 7353–7361 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Grillet, C. Monat, C. L. Smith, B. J. Eggleton, D. J. Moss, S. Frédérick, D. Dalacu, P. J. Poole, J. Lapointe, G. Aers, and R. L. Williams, “Nanowire coupling to photonic crystal nanocavities for single photon sources,” Opt. Express 15, 1267–1276 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. Lee, “Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 1277–1285 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. O’Faolain, T. P. White, D. O’Brien, X. Yuan, M. D. Settle, and T. F. Krauss, “Dependence of extrinsic loss on group velocity in photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 15, 13129–13138 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, A. Gomez-Iglesias, and T. F. Krauss, “Systematic design of flat band slow light in photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 16, 6227–6232 (2008).
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S. McNab, N. Moll, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 11, 2927–2939 (2003).
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Opt. Lett. (2)

Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. (1)

D. Freeman, C. Grillet, M. W. Lee, C. L. C. Smith, Y. Ruan, A. Rode, M. Krolikowska, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, C. M. De Sterke, M. J. Steel, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, D. J. Moss, Y. H. Lee, and B. J. Eggleton, “Chalcogenide glass photonic crystals,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6, 3–11 (2008).
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Phys Rev B. (1)

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Hughes, A. Shinya, T. Watanabe, and L. Ramunno, “Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys Rev B. 72, 161318 (2005).
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Phys. Rev. (1)

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Optical-fiber based measurement of an ultra-small volume high-Q photonic crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R) (2004).

Phys. Rev. B (1)

G. J. Pearce, T. D. Hedley, and D. M. Bird, “Adaptive curvilinear coordinates in a plane-wave solution of Maxwell’s equations in photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. B,  71, 195108 (2005).
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Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, “Extremely large group velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902 (2001).
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Phys. Status Solidi (a) (1)

T. F. Krauss, “Planar photonic crystal waveguide devices for integrated optics,” Phys. Status Solidi (a) 197, 688–702, (2003).
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Other (1)

J.-M. Lourtioz, H. Benisty, V. Berger, J.-M. Gerard, D. Maystre, and A. Tchelnokov, Photonic Crystals: Towards Nanoscale Photonic Devices (Springer, 2005).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

A schematic of the setup used to characterize the photonic crystal waveguide. A highly curved taper is brought into close proximity with a closed photonic crystal waveguide and the transmission spectrum through the taper is monitored. Dips in the spectrum appear where light is coupled from the taper and into the waveguide.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The coordinate system used for mapping the fields of the curved taper onto the photonic crystal surface. The taper mode is shown for reference.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a). The k-space interval (to 1/e2 of the peak) covered by the curved taper mode as a function of the radius of curvature. Here, the taper waist diameter is 0.8µm and the wavelength is 1550nm. (b). The case of a tightly looped taper (47µm loop diameter) and closed waveguide. The k-space distribution of the taper mode is shown by the shaded region and the FP modes of the closed waveguide are represented by the points and horizontal bars, which show the approximate k-space extension of the modes. The dashed line is a plane wave calculation of the waveguide mode.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The coupling spectra obtained for each of the three lengths of closed waveguide. Dips represent coupling to the FP modes of the closed waveguide.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The coupling spectra obtained for the 160 hole closed waveguide using two different looped tapers. The FP resonances appear at the same wavelengths in each case.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a). Comparison between the experimentally reconstructed dispersion curve of the W1 waveguide, and a plane wave simulation for that system. The absolute wavevectors for the experimental curve were determined by matching the small k values with simulation. (b) Comparison of the experimentally obtained group velocity for each of the three lengths of waveguide with a plane wave simulation (continuous line).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

(a). Comparison between the intrinsic Q-factor obtained with an 80 holes removed closed waveguide and a 160 holes removed closed waveguide as a function of wavelength and group index. (b). Propagation losses obtained using Eq. (3). The blue curves correspond to hypothetical losses that would respectively be characterized by a ng and ng 2 dependence.

Equations (3)

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F ( k z ) = f ( 0 , z 2 + ( R + g ) 2 R ) exp ( i β R arctan z R + g ) e ik z Z dz
v g c = 2 l Δ λ FSR λ 0 2
2 π λ Q = α prop n g + 1 R n g L

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