Abstract

A 10.7 Gb/s electronic predistortion transmitter using FPGA-based real time 2 Samples/bit digital signal processing based on 55-tap finite impulse response filters is described. Transmission over 1200 km of standard single-mode fiber without optical dispersion compensation is demonstrated with an OSNR penalty of only 2.5 dB, compared with back-to-back operation.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschk, T. Kupfer, Schulien C., J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation”, Proceedings of the 30th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Paper Th4.1.5, Sept 2004.
  2. J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, “Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion”, Proceedings of Conference on Optical Fibre Communications (OFC 2005), Anaheim, USA, Paper OThJ3, Feb 2005
  3. K. Roberts, “Electronic dispersion compensation beyond 10 Gb/s“, Digest of the 2007 IEEE LEOS Summer Topical Meetings, Portland Oregon, USA, 23–25th July 2007.
  4. D. McGhan, C. Laperle, A. Savchenko, C. Li, G. Mak, and M. O’Sullivan, “5120 km RZ-DPSK transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s without optical dispersion compensation”, Photon. Tech. Lett. 18, 400–402 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  5. P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, S. Savory, Y. Benlachtar, R. I. Killey, and J. Prat, “1040 km uncompensated IMDD transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s using a reduced state SQRT metric MLSE receiver”, Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2006), Cannes, France, Postdeadline paper Th4.4.6, September 2006.
  6. S.J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver”, Opt. Express 15, 2120–2126 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. P. M. Watts, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “An FPGA-based optical transmitter design using realtime DSP for advanced signal formats and electronic predistortion”, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3089–3099 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  8. Killey R. I., P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual drive Mach-Zehnder modulator ”,IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 17, 714–716 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  9. P. M. Watts, R. Waegemans, Y. Benlachtar, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “10.7 Gb/s electronically predistorted transmission over 800 km standard single mode fibre using FPGA-based realtime processing”, Proceedings of 34th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2008), Brussels, Belgium, Paper We.2.E.1, September 2008.
  10. P. J. Winzer, C. Woodworth, F. Fidler, P. K. Reddy, H. Song, and A. Adamiecki, “Temporal alignment of high speed transmit channels of FPGA”, Electron. Lett. 44, 113–114 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  11. J. G. Proakis and D. G. Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing (Prentice-Hall1996).
  12. P. M. Watts, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Performance of electronic predistortion systems with 1 Sample/bit processing using optical duobinary format”, Proceedings of 33rd European Conference on Optical Communcations (ECOC 2007), Berlin, Germany, 16th –20th September 2007.
  13. H. Song, A. Adamiecki, P. J. Winzer, C. Woodworth, S. Corteselli, and G. Raybon, “Multiplexing and DQPSK precoding of 10.7-Gb/s client signals to 107 Gb/s using an FPGA”, Proceedings of the Conference on Optical Fibre Communications (OFC 2008), San Diego, CA, USA, Paper OTuG3, 24th–28th February 2008.
  14. A. J. Lowery and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for dispersion compensation of long haul optical systems”, Opt. Express, 142079–2084 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  15. B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, and J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstrations of electronic dispersion compensation for long-haul transmission using direct-detection optical OFDM”, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 196–203 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  16. A. Leven, N. Kaneda, and Y.-K. Chen, “A real-time CMA-based 10 Gb/s polarization demultiplexing coherent receiver implemented in an FPGA”, Proceedings of the Conference on Optical Fibre Communications (OFC 2008), San Diego, CA, USA, Paper OTuG3, 24th–28th February 2008.

2008 (2)

P. J. Winzer, C. Woodworth, F. Fidler, P. K. Reddy, H. Song, and A. Adamiecki, “Temporal alignment of high speed transmit channels of FPGA”, Electron. Lett. 44, 113–114 (2008).
[Crossref]

B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, and J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstrations of electronic dispersion compensation for long-haul transmission using direct-detection optical OFDM”, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 196–203 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

A. J. Lowery and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for dispersion compensation of long haul optical systems”, Opt. Express, 142079–2084 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. McGhan, C. Laperle, A. Savchenko, C. Li, G. Mak, and M. O’Sullivan, “5120 km RZ-DPSK transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s without optical dispersion compensation”, Photon. Tech. Lett. 18, 400–402 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

Killey R. I., P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual drive Mach-Zehnder modulator ”,IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 17, 714–716 (2005).
[Crossref]

Adamiecki, A.

P. J. Winzer, C. Woodworth, F. Fidler, P. K. Reddy, H. Song, and A. Adamiecki, “Temporal alignment of high speed transmit channels of FPGA”, Electron. Lett. 44, 113–114 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Song, A. Adamiecki, P. J. Winzer, C. Woodworth, S. Corteselli, and G. Raybon, “Multiplexing and DQPSK precoding of 10.7-Gb/s client signals to 107 Gb/s using an FPGA”, Proceedings of the Conference on Optical Fibre Communications (OFC 2008), San Diego, CA, USA, Paper OTuG3, 24th–28th February 2008.

Armstrong, J.

B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, and J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstrations of electronic dispersion compensation for long-haul transmission using direct-detection optical OFDM”, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 196–203 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. J. Lowery and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for dispersion compensation of long haul optical systems”, Opt. Express, 142079–2084 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bayvel, P.

S.J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver”, Opt. Express 15, 2120–2126 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. M. Watts, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “An FPGA-based optical transmitter design using realtime DSP for advanced signal formats and electronic predistortion”, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3089–3099 (2007).
[Crossref]

Killey R. I., P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual drive Mach-Zehnder modulator ”,IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 17, 714–716 (2005).
[Crossref]

P. M. Watts, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Performance of electronic predistortion systems with 1 Sample/bit processing using optical duobinary format”, Proceedings of 33rd European Conference on Optical Communcations (ECOC 2007), Berlin, Germany, 16th –20th September 2007.

P. M. Watts, R. Waegemans, Y. Benlachtar, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “10.7 Gb/s electronically predistorted transmission over 800 km standard single mode fibre using FPGA-based realtime processing”, Proceedings of 34th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2008), Brussels, Belgium, Paper We.2.E.1, September 2008.

Benlachtar, Y.

P. M. Watts, R. Waegemans, Y. Benlachtar, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “10.7 Gb/s electronically predistorted transmission over 800 km standard single mode fibre using FPGA-based realtime processing”, Proceedings of 34th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2008), Brussels, Belgium, Paper We.2.E.1, September 2008.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, S. Savory, Y. Benlachtar, R. I. Killey, and J. Prat, “1040 km uncompensated IMDD transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s using a reduced state SQRT metric MLSE receiver”, Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2006), Cannes, France, Postdeadline paper Th4.4.6, September 2006.

Bosco, G.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, S. Savory, Y. Benlachtar, R. I. Killey, and J. Prat, “1040 km uncompensated IMDD transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s using a reduced state SQRT metric MLSE receiver”, Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2006), Cannes, France, Postdeadline paper Th4.4.6, September 2006.

C., Schulien

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschk, T. Kupfer, Schulien C., J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation”, Proceedings of the 30th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Paper Th4.1.5, Sept 2004.

Chen, Y.-K.

A. Leven, N. Kaneda, and Y.-K. Chen, “A real-time CMA-based 10 Gb/s polarization demultiplexing coherent receiver implemented in an FPGA”, Proceedings of the Conference on Optical Fibre Communications (OFC 2008), San Diego, CA, USA, Paper OTuG3, 24th–28th February 2008.

Comeau, A.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, “Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion”, Proceedings of Conference on Optical Fibre Communications (OFC 2005), Anaheim, USA, Paper OThJ3, Feb 2005

Corteselli, S.

H. Song, A. Adamiecki, P. J. Winzer, C. Woodworth, S. Corteselli, and G. Raybon, “Multiplexing and DQPSK precoding of 10.7-Gb/s client signals to 107 Gb/s using an FPGA”, Proceedings of the Conference on Optical Fibre Communications (OFC 2008), San Diego, CA, USA, Paper OTuG3, 24th–28th February 2008.

Dorschk, C.

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschk, T. Kupfer, Schulien C., J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation”, Proceedings of the 30th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Paper Th4.1.5, Sept 2004.

Elbers, J. P.

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschk, T. Kupfer, Schulien C., J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation”, Proceedings of the 30th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Paper Th4.1.5, Sept 2004.

Färbert, A.

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschk, T. Kupfer, Schulien C., J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation”, Proceedings of the 30th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Paper Th4.1.5, Sept 2004.

Fidler, F.

P. J. Winzer, C. Woodworth, F. Fidler, P. K. Reddy, H. Song, and A. Adamiecki, “Temporal alignment of high speed transmit channels of FPGA”, Electron. Lett. 44, 113–114 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gavioli, G.

Glick, M.

P. M. Watts, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “An FPGA-based optical transmitter design using realtime DSP for advanced signal formats and electronic predistortion”, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3089–3099 (2007).
[Crossref]

Killey R. I., P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual drive Mach-Zehnder modulator ”,IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 17, 714–716 (2005).
[Crossref]

P. M. Watts, R. Waegemans, Y. Benlachtar, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “10.7 Gb/s electronically predistorted transmission over 800 km standard single mode fibre using FPGA-based realtime processing”, Proceedings of 34th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2008), Brussels, Belgium, Paper We.2.E.1, September 2008.

P. M. Watts, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Performance of electronic predistortion systems with 1 Sample/bit processing using optical duobinary format”, Proceedings of 33rd European Conference on Optical Communcations (ECOC 2007), Berlin, Germany, 16th –20th September 2007.

Glingener, C.

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschk, T. Kupfer, Schulien C., J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation”, Proceedings of the 30th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Paper Th4.1.5, Sept 2004.

Griesser, H.

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschk, T. Kupfer, Schulien C., J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation”, Proceedings of the 30th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Paper Th4.1.5, Sept 2004.

Kaneda, N.

A. Leven, N. Kaneda, and Y.-K. Chen, “A real-time CMA-based 10 Gb/s polarization demultiplexing coherent receiver implemented in an FPGA”, Proceedings of the Conference on Optical Fibre Communications (OFC 2008), San Diego, CA, USA, Paper OTuG3, 24th–28th February 2008.

Killey, R. I.

S.J. Savory, G. Gavioli, R. I. Killey, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic compensation of chromatic dispersion using a digital coherent receiver”, Opt. Express 15, 2120–2126 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. M. Watts, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “An FPGA-based optical transmitter design using realtime DSP for advanced signal formats and electronic predistortion”, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3089–3099 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. M. Watts, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Performance of electronic predistortion systems with 1 Sample/bit processing using optical duobinary format”, Proceedings of 33rd European Conference on Optical Communcations (ECOC 2007), Berlin, Germany, 16th –20th September 2007.

P. M. Watts, R. Waegemans, Y. Benlachtar, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “10.7 Gb/s electronically predistorted transmission over 800 km standard single mode fibre using FPGA-based realtime processing”, Proceedings of 34th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2008), Brussels, Belgium, Paper We.2.E.1, September 2008.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, S. Savory, Y. Benlachtar, R. I. Killey, and J. Prat, “1040 km uncompensated IMDD transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s using a reduced state SQRT metric MLSE receiver”, Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2006), Cannes, France, Postdeadline paper Th4.4.6, September 2006.

Kupfer, T.

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschk, T. Kupfer, Schulien C., J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation”, Proceedings of the 30th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Paper Th4.1.5, Sept 2004.

Langenbach, S.

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschk, T. Kupfer, Schulien C., J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation”, Proceedings of the 30th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Paper Th4.1.5, Sept 2004.

Laperle, C.

D. McGhan, C. Laperle, A. Savchenko, C. Li, G. Mak, and M. O’Sullivan, “5120 km RZ-DPSK transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s without optical dispersion compensation”, Photon. Tech. Lett. 18, 400–402 (2006).
[Crossref]

Leven, A.

A. Leven, N. Kaneda, and Y.-K. Chen, “A real-time CMA-based 10 Gb/s polarization demultiplexing coherent receiver implemented in an FPGA”, Proceedings of the Conference on Optical Fibre Communications (OFC 2008), San Diego, CA, USA, Paper OTuG3, 24th–28th February 2008.

Li, C.

D. McGhan, C. Laperle, A. Savchenko, C. Li, G. Mak, and M. O’Sullivan, “5120 km RZ-DPSK transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s without optical dispersion compensation”, Photon. Tech. Lett. 18, 400–402 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lowery, A. J.

B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, and J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstrations of electronic dispersion compensation for long-haul transmission using direct-detection optical OFDM”, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 196–203 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. J. Lowery and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for dispersion compensation of long haul optical systems”, Opt. Express, 142079–2084 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mak, G.

D. McGhan, C. Laperle, A. Savchenko, C. Li, G. Mak, and M. O’Sullivan, “5120 km RZ-DPSK transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s without optical dispersion compensation”, Photon. Tech. Lett. 18, 400–402 (2006).
[Crossref]

Manolakis, D. G.

J. G. Proakis and D. G. Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing (Prentice-Hall1996).

McGhan, D.

D. McGhan, C. Laperle, A. Savchenko, C. Li, G. Mak, and M. O’Sullivan, “5120 km RZ-DPSK transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s without optical dispersion compensation”, Photon. Tech. Lett. 18, 400–402 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, “Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion”, Proceedings of Conference on Optical Fibre Communications (OFC 2005), Anaheim, USA, Paper OThJ3, Feb 2005

McNicol, J.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, “Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion”, Proceedings of Conference on Optical Fibre Communications (OFC 2005), Anaheim, USA, Paper OThJ3, Feb 2005

Mikhailov, V.

Killey R. I., P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual drive Mach-Zehnder modulator ”,IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 17, 714–716 (2005).
[Crossref]

P. M. Watts, R. Waegemans, Y. Benlachtar, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “10.7 Gb/s electronically predistorted transmission over 800 km standard single mode fibre using FPGA-based realtime processing”, Proceedings of 34th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2008), Brussels, Belgium, Paper We.2.E.1, September 2008.

O’Sullivan, M.

D. McGhan, C. Laperle, A. Savchenko, C. Li, G. Mak, and M. O’Sullivan, “5120 km RZ-DPSK transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s without optical dispersion compensation”, Photon. Tech. Lett. 18, 400–402 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, “Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion”, Proceedings of Conference on Optical Fibre Communications (OFC 2005), Anaheim, USA, Paper OThJ3, Feb 2005

Poggiolini, P.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, S. Savory, Y. Benlachtar, R. I. Killey, and J. Prat, “1040 km uncompensated IMDD transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s using a reduced state SQRT metric MLSE receiver”, Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2006), Cannes, France, Postdeadline paper Th4.4.6, September 2006.

Prat, J.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, S. Savory, Y. Benlachtar, R. I. Killey, and J. Prat, “1040 km uncompensated IMDD transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s using a reduced state SQRT metric MLSE receiver”, Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2006), Cannes, France, Postdeadline paper Th4.4.6, September 2006.

Proakis, J. G.

J. G. Proakis and D. G. Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing (Prentice-Hall1996).

R. I., Killey

Killey R. I., P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual drive Mach-Zehnder modulator ”,IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 17, 714–716 (2005).
[Crossref]

Raybon, G.

H. Song, A. Adamiecki, P. J. Winzer, C. Woodworth, S. Corteselli, and G. Raybon, “Multiplexing and DQPSK precoding of 10.7-Gb/s client signals to 107 Gb/s using an FPGA”, Proceedings of the Conference on Optical Fibre Communications (OFC 2008), San Diego, CA, USA, Paper OTuG3, 24th–28th February 2008.

Reddy, P. K.

P. J. Winzer, C. Woodworth, F. Fidler, P. K. Reddy, H. Song, and A. Adamiecki, “Temporal alignment of high speed transmit channels of FPGA”, Electron. Lett. 44, 113–114 (2008).
[Crossref]

Roberts, K.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, “Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion”, Proceedings of Conference on Optical Fibre Communications (OFC 2005), Anaheim, USA, Paper OThJ3, Feb 2005

K. Roberts, “Electronic dispersion compensation beyond 10 Gb/s“, Digest of the 2007 IEEE LEOS Summer Topical Meetings, Portland Oregon, USA, 23–25th July 2007.

Savchenko, A.

D. McGhan, C. Laperle, A. Savchenko, C. Li, G. Mak, and M. O’Sullivan, “5120 km RZ-DPSK transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s without optical dispersion compensation”, Photon. Tech. Lett. 18, 400–402 (2006).
[Crossref]

Savory, S.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, S. Savory, Y. Benlachtar, R. I. Killey, and J. Prat, “1040 km uncompensated IMDD transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s using a reduced state SQRT metric MLSE receiver”, Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2006), Cannes, France, Postdeadline paper Th4.4.6, September 2006.

Savory, S.J.

Schmidt, B. J. C.

Song, H.

P. J. Winzer, C. Woodworth, F. Fidler, P. K. Reddy, H. Song, and A. Adamiecki, “Temporal alignment of high speed transmit channels of FPGA”, Electron. Lett. 44, 113–114 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Song, A. Adamiecki, P. J. Winzer, C. Woodworth, S. Corteselli, and G. Raybon, “Multiplexing and DQPSK precoding of 10.7-Gb/s client signals to 107 Gb/s using an FPGA”, Proceedings of the Conference on Optical Fibre Communications (OFC 2008), San Diego, CA, USA, Paper OTuG3, 24th–28th February 2008.

Stojanovic, N.

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschk, T. Kupfer, Schulien C., J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation”, Proceedings of the 30th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Paper Th4.1.5, Sept 2004.

Strawczynski, L.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, “Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion”, Proceedings of Conference on Optical Fibre Communications (OFC 2005), Anaheim, USA, Paper OThJ3, Feb 2005

Waegemans, R.

P. M. Watts, R. Waegemans, Y. Benlachtar, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “10.7 Gb/s electronically predistorted transmission over 800 km standard single mode fibre using FPGA-based realtime processing”, Proceedings of 34th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2008), Brussels, Belgium, Paper We.2.E.1, September 2008.

Watts, P. M.

P. M. Watts, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “An FPGA-based optical transmitter design using realtime DSP for advanced signal formats and electronic predistortion”, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 3089–3099 (2007).
[Crossref]

Killey R. I., P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual drive Mach-Zehnder modulator ”,IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 17, 714–716 (2005).
[Crossref]

P. M. Watts, R. Waegemans, Y. Benlachtar, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “10.7 Gb/s electronically predistorted transmission over 800 km standard single mode fibre using FPGA-based realtime processing”, Proceedings of 34th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2008), Brussels, Belgium, Paper We.2.E.1, September 2008.

P. M. Watts, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Performance of electronic predistortion systems with 1 Sample/bit processing using optical duobinary format”, Proceedings of 33rd European Conference on Optical Communcations (ECOC 2007), Berlin, Germany, 16th –20th September 2007.

Wernz, H.

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschk, T. Kupfer, Schulien C., J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation”, Proceedings of the 30th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Paper Th4.1.5, Sept 2004.

Winzer, P. J.

P. J. Winzer, C. Woodworth, F. Fidler, P. K. Reddy, H. Song, and A. Adamiecki, “Temporal alignment of high speed transmit channels of FPGA”, Electron. Lett. 44, 113–114 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Song, A. Adamiecki, P. J. Winzer, C. Woodworth, S. Corteselli, and G. Raybon, “Multiplexing and DQPSK precoding of 10.7-Gb/s client signals to 107 Gb/s using an FPGA”, Proceedings of the Conference on Optical Fibre Communications (OFC 2008), San Diego, CA, USA, Paper OTuG3, 24th–28th February 2008.

Woodworth, C.

P. J. Winzer, C. Woodworth, F. Fidler, P. K. Reddy, H. Song, and A. Adamiecki, “Temporal alignment of high speed transmit channels of FPGA”, Electron. Lett. 44, 113–114 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Song, A. Adamiecki, P. J. Winzer, C. Woodworth, S. Corteselli, and G. Raybon, “Multiplexing and DQPSK precoding of 10.7-Gb/s client signals to 107 Gb/s using an FPGA”, Proceedings of the Conference on Optical Fibre Communications (OFC 2008), San Diego, CA, USA, Paper OTuG3, 24th–28th February 2008.

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. J. Winzer, C. Woodworth, F. Fidler, P. K. Reddy, H. Song, and A. Adamiecki, “Temporal alignment of high speed transmit channels of FPGA”, Electron. Lett. 44, 113–114 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. (1)

Killey R. I., P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, and P. Bayvel, “Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual drive Mach-Zehnder modulator ”,IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 17, 714–716 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Express, (1)

A. J. Lowery and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for dispersion compensation of long haul optical systems”, Opt. Express, 142079–2084 (2006).
[Crossref]

Photon. Tech. Lett. (1)

D. McGhan, C. Laperle, A. Savchenko, C. Li, G. Mak, and M. O’Sullivan, “5120 km RZ-DPSK transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s without optical dispersion compensation”, Photon. Tech. Lett. 18, 400–402 (2006).
[Crossref]

Other (9)

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, S. Savory, Y. Benlachtar, R. I. Killey, and J. Prat, “1040 km uncompensated IMDD transmission over G.652 fiber at 10 Gb/s using a reduced state SQRT metric MLSE receiver”, Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2006), Cannes, France, Postdeadline paper Th4.4.6, September 2006.

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschk, T. Kupfer, Schulien C., J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation”, Proceedings of the 30th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Paper Th4.1.5, Sept 2004.

J. McNicol, M. O’Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, and L. Strawczynski, “Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion”, Proceedings of Conference on Optical Fibre Communications (OFC 2005), Anaheim, USA, Paper OThJ3, Feb 2005

K. Roberts, “Electronic dispersion compensation beyond 10 Gb/s“, Digest of the 2007 IEEE LEOS Summer Topical Meetings, Portland Oregon, USA, 23–25th July 2007.

P. M. Watts, R. Waegemans, Y. Benlachtar, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “10.7 Gb/s electronically predistorted transmission over 800 km standard single mode fibre using FPGA-based realtime processing”, Proceedings of 34th European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC’2008), Brussels, Belgium, Paper We.2.E.1, September 2008.

A. Leven, N. Kaneda, and Y.-K. Chen, “A real-time CMA-based 10 Gb/s polarization demultiplexing coherent receiver implemented in an FPGA”, Proceedings of the Conference on Optical Fibre Communications (OFC 2008), San Diego, CA, USA, Paper OTuG3, 24th–28th February 2008.

J. G. Proakis and D. G. Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing (Prentice-Hall1996).

P. M. Watts, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, and R. I. Killey, “Performance of electronic predistortion systems with 1 Sample/bit processing using optical duobinary format”, Proceedings of 33rd European Conference on Optical Communcations (ECOC 2007), Berlin, Germany, 16th –20th September 2007.

H. Song, A. Adamiecki, P. J. Winzer, C. Woodworth, S. Corteselli, and G. Raybon, “Multiplexing and DQPSK precoding of 10.7-Gb/s client signals to 107 Gb/s using an FPGA”, Proceedings of the Conference on Optical Fibre Communications (OFC 2008), San Diego, CA, USA, Paper OTuG3, 24th–28th February 2008.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Transmitter hardware showing (a) top level design and (b) the DAC implementation used in this work.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Sawtooth waveform for the Vreal DAC with persistance time of 100 ms.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Main functions implemented on the FPGAs.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Implementation of a single FIR filter and scaling operation. d(0..54) are the 1-bit input samples, c(0…27) are the tap weights, a is the scaling factor and b is the scaling offset.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Transmission experiment arrangement.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Impulse responses of real and imaginary chromatic dispersion compensation functions (solid lines) and the 55 FIR tap weights (points) for 1200 km SSMF.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

BER against OSNR plots for back-to-back, 400 km, 800 km and 1200 km transmission distances using a 27 DeBruijn sequence.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Eye diagrams for (a) back-to-back (b) 400 km and (c) 800 km

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

y scaled = ( y FIR b ) ∙a
h fibre ( t ) = F 1 exp [ jπDLλ 2 f 2 c ]
M fibre = 1.4 λ 2 r b 2 DL c

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