Abstract

In this work we present a detailed study about the influence of the host matrix in the spectroscopic and laser properties of Nd3+ in three different fluoride glasses. Site-selective time-resolved techniques have been used to investigate the crystal field changes felt by the Nd3+ ion as a consequence of glass inhomogeneity. Stimulated emission experiments performed under selective wavelength laser pumping show the existence of bichromatic emission from two distinguishable site distributions for Nd3+ in fluoride glasses. This result can be explained by the moderate inter-site energy transfer among Nd3+ ions found in these systems.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Snitzer, "Optical Maser Action of Nd3+ in a Barium Crown Glass," Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 444-446 (1961).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. J. Weber, "Science and technology of laser glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 123, 208-222 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. J. Weber, "Fluorescence and glass lasers," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 47, 117-134 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. A. Riseberg, "Laser-Induced Fluorescence-Line-Narrowing Spectroscopy of Glass: Nd," Phys. Rev. A 7, 671-678 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. J. Weber, "Laser Excited Fluorescence Spectroscopy in Glass," in Laser Spectroscopy of Solids, W. M. Yen and P. M. Selzer, eds., (Springer, Berlin, 1981), pp. 189-239.
  6. S. A. Brawer and M. J. Weber, "Observation of fluorescence line narrowing, hole burning, and ion-ion energy transfer in neodymium laser glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 31-33 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Lucas and J. L. Adam, "Halide glasses and their optical properties," Glastechnische Berichte 62, 422-440 (1989).
  8. J. L. Adam, "Lanthanides in Non-Oxide Glasses," Chem. Rev. 102, 2461-2476 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. A. Pollack and M. Robinson, "Laser emission of Er3+ in ZrF4-based fluoride glass," Electron. Lett. 24, 320-322 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. Auzel, D. Meichenin, and H. Poignant, "Tunable continuous-wave, room-temperature Er3+-doped ZrF4-based glass laser between 2.69 and 2.78µm," Electron. Lett. 24, 1463-1464 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Sandrock, A. Diening, and G. Huber, "Laser emission of erbium-doped fluoride bulk glasses in the spectral range from 2.7 to 2.8 μm," Opt. Lett.  24, 382-384 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. C. Brierly, P. W. France, and C. A. Millar, "Lasing at 2.08µm and 1.38µm in a holmium doped fluoro-zirconate fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 24, 539-540 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. S. Qin, S. H. Huang, Y. Feng, A. Shirakawa, and K. Ueda, "784-nm amplified spontaneous emission from Tm3+-doped fluoride glass fiber pumped by an 1120-nm fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 30, 269-271 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. C. Brierly and P. W. France, "Neodymium doped-fluorozirconate fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 23, 815-817 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. C. Brierly and C. A. Millar, "Amplification and lasing at 1350 nm in a neodymium doped fluorizirconate fiber," Electron. Lett. 24, 438-439 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. R. Petrin, M. L. Kliewer, J. T. Beasley, R. C. Powell, I. D. Aggarwal, and R. C. Ginther, "Spectroscopy and laser operation of Nd:ZBAN glass," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  QE-27, 1031-1038 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  17. K. Miura, K. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, "CW laser oscillation on both the 4F3/2�??4I11/2 and 4F3/2�??4I13/2 transitions of Nd3+ ions using a fluoride glass microsphere," J. Non-Cryst. Sol. 213, 276-280 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, R. Balda, J. Fernández, E. Dénoue, and J. L. Adam, "Spectroscopic and Laser Properties of Nd3+ in BIGaZLuTMn Fluoride Glass," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1862-1867 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  19. R. Balda, J. Fernández, A. Mendioroz, J. L. Adam, and B. Boulard, "Temperature-dependent concentration quenching of Nd3+ fluorescence in fluoride glasses," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 6, 913-924 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  20. T. T. Basiev, V. A. Malyshev, and A. K. Prhvuskii, "Spectral Migration of Excitations in Rare-Earth Activated Glasses," in Spectroscopy of Solids Containing Rare Earth Ions, A. A. Kaplyanskii and R. M. Macfarlane, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1987), pp. 275-341
  21. L. M. Lacha, R. Balda, J. Fernández, and J. L. Adam, "Time-resolved fluorescence line narrowing spectroscopy and fluorescence quenching in Nd3+-doped fluoroarsenate glasses," Opt. Mater. 25, 193-200 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  22. R. Balda, M. Sanz, J. Fernández, and J. M. Fdez-Navarro, "Energy transfer and upconversion processes in Nd3+-doped GeO2-PbO-Nb2O5 glass," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1671-1677 (2000).
  23. I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and A. Oleaga, "Laser spectral dynamics of Nd3+ in CaF2-YF3 crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1439-1446 (1999).
  24. I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, "Laser dynamics and upconversion processes in Nd3+-doped yttrofluorite crystals," Opt. Mater. 27, 1697-1703 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  25. V. Lavin, I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, A. Mendioroz, J. González-Platas, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, "Stimulated and upconverted emissions of Nd3+ in a transparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramic," Opt. Mater. 25, 201-208 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  26. I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, J. M. Fernández-Navarro, M. Al-Saleh, J. Fernández, and R. Balda, "Laser action and upconversion of Nd3+ in tellurite bulk glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 990-992 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, J. M. Fernández-Navarro, M. Al-Saleh, J. Fernández, and R. Balda, "Laser action and upconversion of Nd3+ in tellurite bulk glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 990-992 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, "Laser dynamics and upconversion processes in Nd3+-doped yttrofluorite crystals," Opt. Mater. 27, 1697-1703 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Qin, S. H. Huang, Y. Feng, A. Shirakawa, and K. Ueda, "784-nm amplified spontaneous emission from Tm3+-doped fluoride glass fiber pumped by an 1120-nm fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 30, 269-271 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

L. M. Lacha, R. Balda, J. Fernández, and J. L. Adam, "Time-resolved fluorescence line narrowing spectroscopy and fluorescence quenching in Nd3+-doped fluoroarsenate glasses," Opt. Mater. 25, 193-200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Lavin, I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, A. Mendioroz, J. González-Platas, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, "Stimulated and upconverted emissions of Nd3+ in a transparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramic," Opt. Mater. 25, 201-208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

J. L. Adam, "Lanthanides in Non-Oxide Glasses," Chem. Rev. 102, 2461-2476 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

1997 (1)

K. Miura, K. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, "CW laser oscillation on both the 4F3/2�??4I11/2 and 4F3/2�??4I13/2 transitions of Nd3+ ions using a fluoride glass microsphere," J. Non-Cryst. Sol. 213, 276-280 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, R. Balda, J. Fernández, E. Dénoue, and J. L. Adam, "Spectroscopic and Laser Properties of Nd3+ in BIGaZLuTMn Fluoride Glass," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1862-1867 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Balda, J. Fernández, A. Mendioroz, J. L. Adam, and B. Boulard, "Temperature-dependent concentration quenching of Nd3+ fluorescence in fluoride glasses," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 6, 913-924 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

R. R. Petrin, M. L. Kliewer, J. T. Beasley, R. C. Powell, I. D. Aggarwal, and R. C. Ginther, "Spectroscopy and laser operation of Nd:ZBAN glass," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  QE-27, 1031-1038 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

M. J. Weber, "Science and technology of laser glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 123, 208-222 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

J. Lucas and J. L. Adam, "Halide glasses and their optical properties," Glastechnische Berichte 62, 422-440 (1989).

1988 (4)

M. C. Brierly and C. A. Millar, "Amplification and lasing at 1350 nm in a neodymium doped fluorizirconate fiber," Electron. Lett. 24, 438-439 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Brierly, P. W. France, and C. A. Millar, "Lasing at 2.08µm and 1.38µm in a holmium doped fluoro-zirconate fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 24, 539-540 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Pollack and M. Robinson, "Laser emission of Er3+ in ZrF4-based fluoride glass," Electron. Lett. 24, 320-322 (1988).
[CrossRef]

F. Auzel, D. Meichenin, and H. Poignant, "Tunable continuous-wave, room-temperature Er3+-doped ZrF4-based glass laser between 2.69 and 2.78µm," Electron. Lett. 24, 1463-1464 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

M. C. Brierly and P. W. France, "Neodymium doped-fluorozirconate fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 23, 815-817 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

M. J. Weber, "Fluorescence and glass lasers," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 47, 117-134 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

S. A. Brawer and M. J. Weber, "Observation of fluorescence line narrowing, hole burning, and ion-ion energy transfer in neodymium laser glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 31-33 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

L. A. Riseberg, "Laser-Induced Fluorescence-Line-Narrowing Spectroscopy of Glass: Nd," Phys. Rev. A 7, 671-678 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1961 (1)

E. Snitzer, "Optical Maser Action of Nd3+ in a Barium Crown Glass," Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 444-446 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Adam, J. L.

L. M. Lacha, R. Balda, J. Fernández, and J. L. Adam, "Time-resolved fluorescence line narrowing spectroscopy and fluorescence quenching in Nd3+-doped fluoroarsenate glasses," Opt. Mater. 25, 193-200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Adam, "Lanthanides in Non-Oxide Glasses," Chem. Rev. 102, 2461-2476 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Balda, J. Fernández, A. Mendioroz, J. L. Adam, and B. Boulard, "Temperature-dependent concentration quenching of Nd3+ fluorescence in fluoride glasses," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 6, 913-924 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, R. Balda, J. Fernández, E. Dénoue, and J. L. Adam, "Spectroscopic and Laser Properties of Nd3+ in BIGaZLuTMn Fluoride Glass," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1862-1867 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lucas and J. L. Adam, "Halide glasses and their optical properties," Glastechnische Berichte 62, 422-440 (1989).

Aggarwal, I. D.

R. R. Petrin, M. L. Kliewer, J. T. Beasley, R. C. Powell, I. D. Aggarwal, and R. C. Ginther, "Spectroscopy and laser operation of Nd:ZBAN glass," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  QE-27, 1031-1038 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Al-Saleh, M.

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, J. M. Fernández-Navarro, M. Al-Saleh, J. Fernández, and R. Balda, "Laser action and upconversion of Nd3+ in tellurite bulk glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 990-992 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Auzel, F.

F. Auzel, D. Meichenin, and H. Poignant, "Tunable continuous-wave, room-temperature Er3+-doped ZrF4-based glass laser between 2.69 and 2.78µm," Electron. Lett. 24, 1463-1464 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Azkargorta, J.

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, J. M. Fernández-Navarro, M. Al-Saleh, J. Fernández, and R. Balda, "Laser action and upconversion of Nd3+ in tellurite bulk glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 990-992 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, "Laser dynamics and upconversion processes in Nd3+-doped yttrofluorite crystals," Opt. Mater. 27, 1697-1703 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Lavin, I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, A. Mendioroz, J. González-Platas, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, "Stimulated and upconverted emissions of Nd3+ in a transparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramic," Opt. Mater. 25, 201-208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and A. Oleaga, "Laser spectral dynamics of Nd3+ in CaF2-YF3 crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1439-1446 (1999).

J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, R. Balda, J. Fernández, E. Dénoue, and J. L. Adam, "Spectroscopic and Laser Properties of Nd3+ in BIGaZLuTMn Fluoride Glass," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1862-1867 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Balda, R.

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, J. M. Fernández-Navarro, M. Al-Saleh, J. Fernández, and R. Balda, "Laser action and upconversion of Nd3+ in tellurite bulk glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 990-992 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, "Laser dynamics and upconversion processes in Nd3+-doped yttrofluorite crystals," Opt. Mater. 27, 1697-1703 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Lacha, R. Balda, J. Fernández, and J. L. Adam, "Time-resolved fluorescence line narrowing spectroscopy and fluorescence quenching in Nd3+-doped fluoroarsenate glasses," Opt. Mater. 25, 193-200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Lavin, I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, A. Mendioroz, J. González-Platas, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, "Stimulated and upconverted emissions of Nd3+ in a transparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramic," Opt. Mater. 25, 201-208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Balda, M. Sanz, J. Fernández, and J. M. Fdez-Navarro, "Energy transfer and upconversion processes in Nd3+-doped GeO2-PbO-Nb2O5 glass," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1671-1677 (2000).

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and A. Oleaga, "Laser spectral dynamics of Nd3+ in CaF2-YF3 crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1439-1446 (1999).

J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, R. Balda, J. Fernández, E. Dénoue, and J. L. Adam, "Spectroscopic and Laser Properties of Nd3+ in BIGaZLuTMn Fluoride Glass," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1862-1867 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Balda, J. Fernández, A. Mendioroz, J. L. Adam, and B. Boulard, "Temperature-dependent concentration quenching of Nd3+ fluorescence in fluoride glasses," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 6, 913-924 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Beasley, J. T.

R. R. Petrin, M. L. Kliewer, J. T. Beasley, R. C. Powell, I. D. Aggarwal, and R. C. Ginther, "Spectroscopy and laser operation of Nd:ZBAN glass," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  QE-27, 1031-1038 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Boulard, B.

R. Balda, J. Fernández, A. Mendioroz, J. L. Adam, and B. Boulard, "Temperature-dependent concentration quenching of Nd3+ fluorescence in fluoride glasses," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 6, 913-924 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Brawer, S. A.

S. A. Brawer and M. J. Weber, "Observation of fluorescence line narrowing, hole burning, and ion-ion energy transfer in neodymium laser glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 31-33 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Brierly, M. C.

M. C. Brierly, P. W. France, and C. A. Millar, "Lasing at 2.08µm and 1.38µm in a holmium doped fluoro-zirconate fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 24, 539-540 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Brierly and C. A. Millar, "Amplification and lasing at 1350 nm in a neodymium doped fluorizirconate fiber," Electron. Lett. 24, 438-439 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Brierly and P. W. France, "Neodymium doped-fluorozirconate fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 23, 815-817 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Dénoue, E.

J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, R. Balda, J. Fernández, E. Dénoue, and J. L. Adam, "Spectroscopic and Laser Properties of Nd3+ in BIGaZLuTMn Fluoride Glass," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1862-1867 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Diening, A.

Fdez-Navarro, J. M.

Feng, Y.

Fernández, J.

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, J. M. Fernández-Navarro, M. Al-Saleh, J. Fernández, and R. Balda, "Laser action and upconversion of Nd3+ in tellurite bulk glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 990-992 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, "Laser dynamics and upconversion processes in Nd3+-doped yttrofluorite crystals," Opt. Mater. 27, 1697-1703 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Lacha, R. Balda, J. Fernández, and J. L. Adam, "Time-resolved fluorescence line narrowing spectroscopy and fluorescence quenching in Nd3+-doped fluoroarsenate glasses," Opt. Mater. 25, 193-200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Lavin, I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, A. Mendioroz, J. González-Platas, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, "Stimulated and upconverted emissions of Nd3+ in a transparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramic," Opt. Mater. 25, 201-208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Balda, M. Sanz, J. Fernández, and J. M. Fdez-Navarro, "Energy transfer and upconversion processes in Nd3+-doped GeO2-PbO-Nb2O5 glass," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1671-1677 (2000).

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and A. Oleaga, "Laser spectral dynamics of Nd3+ in CaF2-YF3 crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1439-1446 (1999).

J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, R. Balda, J. Fernández, E. Dénoue, and J. L. Adam, "Spectroscopic and Laser Properties of Nd3+ in BIGaZLuTMn Fluoride Glass," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1862-1867 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Balda, J. Fernández, A. Mendioroz, J. L. Adam, and B. Boulard, "Temperature-dependent concentration quenching of Nd3+ fluorescence in fluoride glasses," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 6, 913-924 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fernández-Navarro, J. M.

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, J. M. Fernández-Navarro, M. Al-Saleh, J. Fernández, and R. Balda, "Laser action and upconversion of Nd3+ in tellurite bulk glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 990-992 (2007).
[CrossRef]

France, P. W.

M. C. Brierly, P. W. France, and C. A. Millar, "Lasing at 2.08µm and 1.38µm in a holmium doped fluoro-zirconate fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 24, 539-540 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Brierly and P. W. France, "Neodymium doped-fluorozirconate fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 23, 815-817 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ginther, R. C.

R. R. Petrin, M. L. Kliewer, J. T. Beasley, R. C. Powell, I. D. Aggarwal, and R. C. Ginther, "Spectroscopy and laser operation of Nd:ZBAN glass," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  QE-27, 1031-1038 (1991).
[CrossRef]

González-Platas, J.

V. Lavin, I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, A. Mendioroz, J. González-Platas, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, "Stimulated and upconverted emissions of Nd3+ in a transparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramic," Opt. Mater. 25, 201-208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

K. Miura, K. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, "CW laser oscillation on both the 4F3/2�??4I11/2 and 4F3/2�??4I13/2 transitions of Nd3+ ions using a fluoride glass microsphere," J. Non-Cryst. Sol. 213, 276-280 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S. H.

Huber, G.

Iparraguirre, I.

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, J. M. Fernández-Navarro, M. Al-Saleh, J. Fernández, and R. Balda, "Laser action and upconversion of Nd3+ in tellurite bulk glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 990-992 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, "Laser dynamics and upconversion processes in Nd3+-doped yttrofluorite crystals," Opt. Mater. 27, 1697-1703 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Lavin, I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, A. Mendioroz, J. González-Platas, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, "Stimulated and upconverted emissions of Nd3+ in a transparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramic," Opt. Mater. 25, 201-208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, J. Fernández, R. Balda, and A. Oleaga, "Laser spectral dynamics of Nd3+ in CaF2-YF3 crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1439-1446 (1999).

J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, R. Balda, J. Fernández, E. Dénoue, and J. L. Adam, "Spectroscopic and Laser Properties of Nd3+ in BIGaZLuTMn Fluoride Glass," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1862-1867 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kliewer, M. L.

R. R. Petrin, M. L. Kliewer, J. T. Beasley, R. C. Powell, I. D. Aggarwal, and R. C. Ginther, "Spectroscopy and laser operation of Nd:ZBAN glass," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  QE-27, 1031-1038 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lacha, L. M.

L. M. Lacha, R. Balda, J. Fernández, and J. L. Adam, "Time-resolved fluorescence line narrowing spectroscopy and fluorescence quenching in Nd3+-doped fluoroarsenate glasses," Opt. Mater. 25, 193-200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lavin, V.

V. Lavin, I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, A. Mendioroz, J. González-Platas, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, "Stimulated and upconverted emissions of Nd3+ in a transparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramic," Opt. Mater. 25, 201-208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lucas, J.

J. Lucas and J. L. Adam, "Halide glasses and their optical properties," Glastechnische Berichte 62, 422-440 (1989).

Meichenin, D.

F. Auzel, D. Meichenin, and H. Poignant, "Tunable continuous-wave, room-temperature Er3+-doped ZrF4-based glass laser between 2.69 and 2.78µm," Electron. Lett. 24, 1463-1464 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mendioroz, A.

V. Lavin, I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, A. Mendioroz, J. González-Platas, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, "Stimulated and upconverted emissions of Nd3+ in a transparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramic," Opt. Mater. 25, 201-208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Balda, J. Fernández, A. Mendioroz, J. L. Adam, and B. Boulard, "Temperature-dependent concentration quenching of Nd3+ fluorescence in fluoride glasses," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 6, 913-924 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Millar, C. A.

M. C. Brierly, P. W. France, and C. A. Millar, "Lasing at 2.08µm and 1.38µm in a holmium doped fluoro-zirconate fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 24, 539-540 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Brierly and C. A. Millar, "Amplification and lasing at 1350 nm in a neodymium doped fluorizirconate fiber," Electron. Lett. 24, 438-439 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Miura, K.

K. Miura, K. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, "CW laser oscillation on both the 4F3/2�??4I11/2 and 4F3/2�??4I13/2 transitions of Nd3+ ions using a fluoride glass microsphere," J. Non-Cryst. Sol. 213, 276-280 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Oleaga, A.

Petrin, R. R.

R. R. Petrin, M. L. Kliewer, J. T. Beasley, R. C. Powell, I. D. Aggarwal, and R. C. Ginther, "Spectroscopy and laser operation of Nd:ZBAN glass," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  QE-27, 1031-1038 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Poignant, H.

F. Auzel, D. Meichenin, and H. Poignant, "Tunable continuous-wave, room-temperature Er3+-doped ZrF4-based glass laser between 2.69 and 2.78µm," Electron. Lett. 24, 1463-1464 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Pollack, S. A.

S. A. Pollack and M. Robinson, "Laser emission of Er3+ in ZrF4-based fluoride glass," Electron. Lett. 24, 320-322 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Powell, R. C.

R. R. Petrin, M. L. Kliewer, J. T. Beasley, R. C. Powell, I. D. Aggarwal, and R. C. Ginther, "Spectroscopy and laser operation of Nd:ZBAN glass," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  QE-27, 1031-1038 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Qin, G. S.

Riseberg, L. A.

L. A. Riseberg, "Laser-Induced Fluorescence-Line-Narrowing Spectroscopy of Glass: Nd," Phys. Rev. A 7, 671-678 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, M.

S. A. Pollack and M. Robinson, "Laser emission of Er3+ in ZrF4-based fluoride glass," Electron. Lett. 24, 320-322 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sandrock, T.

Sanz, M.

Shirakawa, A.

Snitzer, E.

E. Snitzer, "Optical Maser Action of Nd3+ in a Barium Crown Glass," Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 444-446 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

K. Miura, K. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, "CW laser oscillation on both the 4F3/2�??4I11/2 and 4F3/2�??4I13/2 transitions of Nd3+ ions using a fluoride glass microsphere," J. Non-Cryst. Sol. 213, 276-280 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, "Science and technology of laser glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 123, 208-222 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Weber, "Fluorescence and glass lasers," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 47, 117-134 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Brawer and M. J. Weber, "Observation of fluorescence line narrowing, hole burning, and ion-ion energy transfer in neodymium laser glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 31-33 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. A. Brawer and M. J. Weber, "Observation of fluorescence line narrowing, hole burning, and ion-ion energy transfer in neodymium laser glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 31-33 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Rev. (1)

J. L. Adam, "Lanthanides in Non-Oxide Glasses," Chem. Rev. 102, 2461-2476 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett. (5)

S. A. Pollack and M. Robinson, "Laser emission of Er3+ in ZrF4-based fluoride glass," Electron. Lett. 24, 320-322 (1988).
[CrossRef]

F. Auzel, D. Meichenin, and H. Poignant, "Tunable continuous-wave, room-temperature Er3+-doped ZrF4-based glass laser between 2.69 and 2.78µm," Electron. Lett. 24, 1463-1464 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Brierly, P. W. France, and C. A. Millar, "Lasing at 2.08µm and 1.38µm in a holmium doped fluoro-zirconate fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 24, 539-540 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Brierly and P. W. France, "Neodymium doped-fluorozirconate fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 23, 815-817 (1987).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Brierly and C. A. Millar, "Amplification and lasing at 1350 nm in a neodymium doped fluorizirconate fiber," Electron. Lett. 24, 438-439 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Glastechnische Berichte (1)

J. Lucas and J. L. Adam, "Halide glasses and their optical properties," Glastechnische Berichte 62, 422-440 (1989).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. R. Petrin, M. L. Kliewer, J. T. Beasley, R. C. Powell, I. D. Aggarwal, and R. C. Ginther, "Spectroscopy and laser operation of Nd:ZBAN glass," IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  QE-27, 1031-1038 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Azkargorta, I. Iparraguirre, R. Balda, J. Fernández, E. Dénoue, and J. L. Adam, "Spectroscopic and Laser Properties of Nd3+ in BIGaZLuTMn Fluoride Glass," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1862-1867 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Sol. (1)

K. Miura, K. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, "CW laser oscillation on both the 4F3/2�??4I11/2 and 4F3/2�??4I13/2 transitions of Nd3+ ions using a fluoride glass microsphere," J. Non-Cryst. Sol. 213, 276-280 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (3)

M. J. Weber, "Science and technology of laser glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 123, 208-222 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Weber, "Fluorescence and glass lasers," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 47, 117-134 (1982).
[CrossRef]

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, J. M. Fernández-Navarro, M. Al-Saleh, J. Fernández, and R. Balda, "Laser action and upconversion of Nd3+ in tellurite bulk glass," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353, 990-992 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys.: Condens. Matter (1)

R. Balda, J. Fernández, A. Mendioroz, J. L. Adam, and B. Boulard, "Temperature-dependent concentration quenching of Nd3+ fluorescence in fluoride glasses," J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 6, 913-924 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (3)

L. M. Lacha, R. Balda, J. Fernández, and J. L. Adam, "Time-resolved fluorescence line narrowing spectroscopy and fluorescence quenching in Nd3+-doped fluoroarsenate glasses," Opt. Mater. 25, 193-200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, "Laser dynamics and upconversion processes in Nd3+-doped yttrofluorite crystals," Opt. Mater. 27, 1697-1703 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Lavin, I. Iparraguirre, J. Azkargorta, A. Mendioroz, J. González-Platas, R. Balda, and J. Fernández, "Stimulated and upconverted emissions of Nd3+ in a transparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramic," Opt. Mater. 25, 201-208 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

L. A. Riseberg, "Laser-Induced Fluorescence-Line-Narrowing Spectroscopy of Glass: Nd," Phys. Rev. A 7, 671-678 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

E. Snitzer, "Optical Maser Action of Nd3+ in a Barium Crown Glass," Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 444-446 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

T. T. Basiev, V. A. Malyshev, and A. K. Prhvuskii, "Spectral Migration of Excitations in Rare-Earth Activated Glasses," in Spectroscopy of Solids Containing Rare Earth Ions, A. A. Kaplyanskii and R. M. Macfarlane, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1987), pp. 275-341

M. J. Weber, "Laser Excited Fluorescence Spectroscopy in Glass," in Laser Spectroscopy of Solids, W. M. Yen and P. M. Selzer, eds., (Springer, Berlin, 1981), pp. 189-239.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Low temperature (4.2 K) steady-state excitation spectra of 4I9/24F3/2 transition for luminescence monitored at different emission wavelengths within the 4F3/24I11/2 emission band for BIG glass doped with 1 mol% of NdF3.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Low temperature (4.2 K) steady-state emission spectra of the 4F3/24I11/2 transition for different excitation wavelengths along the low energy Stark component of the 4F3/2 level for BIG glass doped with 1 mol% of NdF3.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Low temperature (4.2 K) time resolved fluorescence line-narrowed spectra of the 4F3/24I9/2 transition obtained at different excitation wavelengths for BIG glass doped with 1 mol% of NdF3.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Low temperature (4.2 K) time resolved fluorescence line-narrowed spectra of the 4F3/24I9/2 transition for (a) BIG glass doped with three different Nd3+ concentrations and (b) for BIG glass doped with 3 mol % at different excitation wavelengths.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Analysis of the time evolution of the TRFLN 4F3/24I9/2 emission spectra by means of eq. (1) (a) for BIG glass doped with 1, 3, and 5 mol% and (b) for BIG glass doped with 3 mol% for three different excitation wavelengths. Symbols correspond to experimental data and the solid line are fits to eq. (1). Data correspond to 4.2 K.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Laser output spectra of 4F3/24I11/2 transition for BIG glass doped with 5 mol% of NdF3 at three different excitation wavelengths.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Laser output spectra of 4F3/24I11/2 transition as a function of excitation wavelength along the 4F5/2 level for the three glasses.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Laser output spectra of 4F3/24I11/2 transition as a function of excitation wavelength along the 4F3/2 level for (a) the BIG glass doped with 5 mol% and (b) a 8% NdF3 yttrofluorite crystal.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Laser output spectra of 4F3/24I11/2 transition as a function of excitation wavelength for an oxyfluoride and a fluoroarsenate glasses.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Chemical compositions of glasses used in this work

Tables Icon

Table 2. Room temperature emission properties of Nd3+ (1 mol%) in the three fluoride glasses.

Equations (1)

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Ln ( 1 + I B I N ) = γ ( E L ) t 1 2

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