Abstract

We present and experimentally demonstrate a new method to generate optical carrier suppressed-differential phase-shift keying (OCS-DPSK) modulation format in radio over fiber (RoF) systems. In our scheme, a single dual-parallel Mach-Zehnder modulator (DPMZM) is used to produce OCS-DPSK signal based on amplitude shift keying (ASK) to DPSK format conversion by suppressing the spectral tones of an OCS-ASK signal.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Wake, M. Webster, G. Wimpenny, K. Beacham, and L. Crawford, "Radio over fiber for mobile communications," in. IEEE Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics (MWP 2004).
  2. J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, "Optical millimeterwave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G-K. Chang, J. Yu, Z. Jia, and J. Yu, "Novel optical-wireless access network architecture for simultaneously providing broadband wireless and wired services," in Proc. OFC2006, OFM1.
  4. Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, "A full-duplex radio-over fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726-1728 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Lin, W. Peng, and P. Peng, "Simultaneous generation of baseband and radio signals using only one single-electrode Mach-Zehnder modulator with enhanced linearity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18,2481-2483 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. H. Gnauck and P. J. Winzer, "Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. X. Liu, X. Wei, Y-H. Kao, J. Leuthold, C. R. Doerr, and L. F. Mollenauer, "Quaternary differential-phase amplitude-shift-keying for DWDM transmission," in Proc. ECOC 2003, Th2.6.5.
  8. M. Ohm and J. Speidel, "Quaternary optical ASK-DPSK and receivers with direct detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 159-161 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S-S. Pun, C-K. Chan, and L-K. Chen, "Demonstration of a novel optical transmitter for high-speed differential phase-shift-keying/inverse-return-to-zero (DPSK/Inv-RZ) orthogonally modulated signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2763-2765 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Miyazaki and F. Kubota, "2-bit per symbol modulation/demodulation by DPSK over inverse-RZ optical pulses," in Proc. CLEO 2004, CThBB2.
  11. M. Zitelli, "Optical phase and intensity modulation using dark pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1972-1974 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Yu, O. Akanbi, Y. Luo, L. Zong, T. Wang, Z. Jia, and G-K. Chang, "Demonstration of a novel WDM passive optical network architecture with source-free optical network units," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 571-573 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Q. Chang, Y. Tian, C. Yan, X. Xu, J. Gao, and Y. Su, "A PON system providing triple play service based on a single dual-parallel Mach-Zehnder modulator," in Proc. ECOC 2007, 4.4.7.
  14. W. Hung, C-K. Chan, L-K. Chen, and C. Lin, "System characterization of a robust re-modulation scheme with DPSK downstream traffic in a WDM access network," in Proc. ECOC 2003, We 3.4.5.
  15. Z. Jia, J. Yu, D. Boivin, M. Haris, and G-K. Chang, "Bidirectional ROF links using optically up-converted DPSK for downstream and remodulated OOK for upstream," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 653-655 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Q. Chang, H. Fu, and Y. Su, "Simultaneous generation and transmission multi-band signals and upstream data in a bidirectional radio over fiber system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 181-183 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. K. Higuma, S. Oikawa, Y. Hashimoto, H. Nagata, and M. Izutsu, "X-cut lithium niobate optical single-sideband modulator," Electron. Lett. 37, 515-516 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  18. B. P. Lathi, "Modern digital and analog communication systems," Oxford University Press, 3rd edition (1998).
  19. P. J. Winzer, and R-J. Essiambre, "Advanced optical modulation formats," Proceedings of the IEEE. 94, 952-985 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  20. T. Ye, Q. Chang, J. Gao, and Y. Su, "An optical PSK-RF-signal transmitter based on ASK-to-PSK conversion and self-heterodyning," in Proc. OFC 2008, paper JWA64.

2008

Q. Chang, H. Fu, and Y. Su, "Simultaneous generation and transmission multi-band signals and upstream data in a bidirectional radio over fiber system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 181-183 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

J. Yu, O. Akanbi, Y. Luo, L. Zong, T. Wang, Z. Jia, and G-K. Chang, "Demonstration of a novel WDM passive optical network architecture with source-free optical network units," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 571-573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, D. Boivin, M. Haris, and G-K. Chang, "Bidirectional ROF links using optically up-converted DPSK for downstream and remodulated OOK for upstream," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 653-655 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, "Optical millimeterwave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, "A full-duplex radio-over fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726-1728 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Lin, W. Peng, and P. Peng, "Simultaneous generation of baseband and radio signals using only one single-electrode Mach-Zehnder modulator with enhanced linearity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18,2481-2483 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Winzer, and R-J. Essiambre, "Advanced optical modulation formats," Proceedings of the IEEE. 94, 952-985 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

A. H. Gnauck and P. J. Winzer, "Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S-S. Pun, C-K. Chan, and L-K. Chen, "Demonstration of a novel optical transmitter for high-speed differential phase-shift-keying/inverse-return-to-zero (DPSK/Inv-RZ) orthogonally modulated signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2763-2765 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

M. Zitelli, "Optical phase and intensity modulation using dark pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1972-1974 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

M. Ohm and J. Speidel, "Quaternary optical ASK-DPSK and receivers with direct detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 159-161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

K. Higuma, S. Oikawa, Y. Hashimoto, H. Nagata, and M. Izutsu, "X-cut lithium niobate optical single-sideband modulator," Electron. Lett. 37, 515-516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Akanbi, O.

J. Yu, O. Akanbi, Y. Luo, L. Zong, T. Wang, Z. Jia, and G-K. Chang, "Demonstration of a novel WDM passive optical network architecture with source-free optical network units," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 571-573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Boivin, D.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, D. Boivin, M. Haris, and G-K. Chang, "Bidirectional ROF links using optically up-converted DPSK for downstream and remodulated OOK for upstream," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 653-655 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C-K.

S-S. Pun, C-K. Chan, and L-K. Chen, "Demonstration of a novel optical transmitter for high-speed differential phase-shift-keying/inverse-return-to-zero (DPSK/Inv-RZ) orthogonally modulated signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2763-2765 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G. K.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, "Optical millimeterwave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, "A full-duplex radio-over fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726-1728 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G-K.

J. Yu, O. Akanbi, Y. Luo, L. Zong, T. Wang, Z. Jia, and G-K. Chang, "Demonstration of a novel WDM passive optical network architecture with source-free optical network units," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 571-573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, D. Boivin, M. Haris, and G-K. Chang, "Bidirectional ROF links using optically up-converted DPSK for downstream and remodulated OOK for upstream," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 653-655 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Q.

Q. Chang, H. Fu, and Y. Su, "Simultaneous generation and transmission multi-band signals and upstream data in a bidirectional radio over fiber system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 181-183 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L-K.

S-S. Pun, C-K. Chan, and L-K. Chen, "Demonstration of a novel optical transmitter for high-speed differential phase-shift-keying/inverse-return-to-zero (DPSK/Inv-RZ) orthogonally modulated signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2763-2765 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Essiambre, R-J.

P. J. Winzer, and R-J. Essiambre, "Advanced optical modulation formats," Proceedings of the IEEE. 94, 952-985 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fu, H.

Q. Chang, H. Fu, and Y. Su, "Simultaneous generation and transmission multi-band signals and upstream data in a bidirectional radio over fiber system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 181-183 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A. H.

A. H. Gnauck and P. J. Winzer, "Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Haris, M.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, D. Boivin, M. Haris, and G-K. Chang, "Bidirectional ROF links using optically up-converted DPSK for downstream and remodulated OOK for upstream," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 653-655 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hashimoto, Y.

K. Higuma, S. Oikawa, Y. Hashimoto, H. Nagata, and M. Izutsu, "X-cut lithium niobate optical single-sideband modulator," Electron. Lett. 37, 515-516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Higuma, K.

K. Higuma, S. Oikawa, Y. Hashimoto, H. Nagata, and M. Izutsu, "X-cut lithium niobate optical single-sideband modulator," Electron. Lett. 37, 515-516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Izutsu, M.

K. Higuma, S. Oikawa, Y. Hashimoto, H. Nagata, and M. Izutsu, "X-cut lithium niobate optical single-sideband modulator," Electron. Lett. 37, 515-516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z.

J. Yu, O. Akanbi, Y. Luo, L. Zong, T. Wang, Z. Jia, and G-K. Chang, "Demonstration of a novel WDM passive optical network architecture with source-free optical network units," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 571-573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, D. Boivin, M. Haris, and G-K. Chang, "Bidirectional ROF links using optically up-converted DPSK for downstream and remodulated OOK for upstream," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 653-655 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, "A full-duplex radio-over fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726-1728 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, "Optical millimeterwave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

C. Lin, W. Peng, and P. Peng, "Simultaneous generation of baseband and radio signals using only one single-electrode Mach-Zehnder modulator with enhanced linearity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18,2481-2483 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Y.

J. Yu, O. Akanbi, Y. Luo, L. Zong, T. Wang, Z. Jia, and G-K. Chang, "Demonstration of a novel WDM passive optical network architecture with source-free optical network units," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 571-573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nagata, H.

K. Higuma, S. Oikawa, Y. Hashimoto, H. Nagata, and M. Izutsu, "X-cut lithium niobate optical single-sideband modulator," Electron. Lett. 37, 515-516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ohm, M.

M. Ohm and J. Speidel, "Quaternary optical ASK-DPSK and receivers with direct detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 159-161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Oikawa, S.

K. Higuma, S. Oikawa, Y. Hashimoto, H. Nagata, and M. Izutsu, "X-cut lithium niobate optical single-sideband modulator," Electron. Lett. 37, 515-516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Peng, P.

C. Lin, W. Peng, and P. Peng, "Simultaneous generation of baseband and radio signals using only one single-electrode Mach-Zehnder modulator with enhanced linearity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18,2481-2483 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Peng, W.

C. Lin, W. Peng, and P. Peng, "Simultaneous generation of baseband and radio signals using only one single-electrode Mach-Zehnder modulator with enhanced linearity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18,2481-2483 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pun, S-S.

S-S. Pun, C-K. Chan, and L-K. Chen, "Demonstration of a novel optical transmitter for high-speed differential phase-shift-keying/inverse-return-to-zero (DPSK/Inv-RZ) orthogonally modulated signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2763-2765 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Speidel, J.

M. Ohm and J. Speidel, "Quaternary optical ASK-DPSK and receivers with direct detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 159-161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Su, Y.

Q. Chang, H. Fu, and Y. Su, "Simultaneous generation and transmission multi-band signals and upstream data in a bidirectional radio over fiber system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 181-183 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, "Optical millimeterwave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

J. Yu, O. Akanbi, Y. Luo, L. Zong, T. Wang, Z. Jia, and G-K. Chang, "Demonstration of a novel WDM passive optical network architecture with source-free optical network units," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 571-573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, "Optical millimeterwave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P. J.

P. J. Winzer, and R-J. Essiambre, "Advanced optical modulation formats," Proceedings of the IEEE. 94, 952-985 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Gnauck and P. J. Winzer, "Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yi, L.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, "Optical millimeterwave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

J. Yu, O. Akanbi, Y. Luo, L. Zong, T. Wang, Z. Jia, and G-K. Chang, "Demonstration of a novel WDM passive optical network architecture with source-free optical network units," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 571-573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, D. Boivin, M. Haris, and G-K. Chang, "Bidirectional ROF links using optically up-converted DPSK for downstream and remodulated OOK for upstream," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 653-655 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, "Optical millimeterwave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, "A full-duplex radio-over fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726-1728 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zitelli, M.

M. Zitelli, "Optical phase and intensity modulation using dark pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1972-1974 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zong, L.

J. Yu, O. Akanbi, Y. Luo, L. Zong, T. Wang, Z. Jia, and G-K. Chang, "Demonstration of a novel WDM passive optical network architecture with source-free optical network units," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 571-573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

K. Higuma, S. Oikawa, Y. Hashimoto, H. Nagata, and M. Izutsu, "X-cut lithium niobate optical single-sideband modulator," Electron. Lett. 37, 515-516 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, D. Boivin, M. Haris, and G-K. Chang, "Bidirectional ROF links using optically up-converted DPSK for downstream and remodulated OOK for upstream," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 653-655 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Chang, H. Fu, and Y. Su, "Simultaneous generation and transmission multi-band signals and upstream data in a bidirectional radio over fiber system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 181-183 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Zitelli, "Optical phase and intensity modulation using dark pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1972-1974 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, O. Akanbi, Y. Luo, L. Zong, T. Wang, Z. Jia, and G-K. Chang, "Demonstration of a novel WDM passive optical network architecture with source-free optical network units," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 571-573 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, "A full-duplex radio-over fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726-1728 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Lin, W. Peng, and P. Peng, "Simultaneous generation of baseband and radio signals using only one single-electrode Mach-Zehnder modulator with enhanced linearity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18,2481-2483 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, "Optical millimeterwave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Ohm and J. Speidel, "Quaternary optical ASK-DPSK and receivers with direct detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 159-161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S-S. Pun, C-K. Chan, and L-K. Chen, "Demonstration of a novel optical transmitter for high-speed differential phase-shift-keying/inverse-return-to-zero (DPSK/Inv-RZ) orthogonally modulated signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2763-2765 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightw. Technol.

A. H. Gnauck and P. J. Winzer, "Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Proceedings of the IEEE.

P. J. Winzer, and R-J. Essiambre, "Advanced optical modulation formats," Proceedings of the IEEE. 94, 952-985 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other

T. Ye, Q. Chang, J. Gao, and Y. Su, "An optical PSK-RF-signal transmitter based on ASK-to-PSK conversion and self-heterodyning," in Proc. OFC 2008, paper JWA64.

D. Wake, M. Webster, G. Wimpenny, K. Beacham, and L. Crawford, "Radio over fiber for mobile communications," in. IEEE Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photonics (MWP 2004).

X. Liu, X. Wei, Y-H. Kao, J. Leuthold, C. R. Doerr, and L. F. Mollenauer, "Quaternary differential-phase amplitude-shift-keying for DWDM transmission," in Proc. ECOC 2003, Th2.6.5.

T. Miyazaki and F. Kubota, "2-bit per symbol modulation/demodulation by DPSK over inverse-RZ optical pulses," in Proc. CLEO 2004, CThBB2.

G-K. Chang, J. Yu, Z. Jia, and J. Yu, "Novel optical-wireless access network architecture for simultaneously providing broadband wireless and wired services," in Proc. OFC2006, OFM1.

Q. Chang, Y. Tian, C. Yan, X. Xu, J. Gao, and Y. Su, "A PON system providing triple play service based on a single dual-parallel Mach-Zehnder modulator," in Proc. ECOC 2007, 4.4.7.

W. Hung, C-K. Chan, L-K. Chen, and C. Lin, "System characterization of a robust re-modulation scheme with DPSK downstream traffic in a WDM access network," in Proc. ECOC 2003, We 3.4.5.

B. P. Lathi, "Modern digital and analog communication systems," Oxford University Press, 3rd edition (1998).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of ASK to DPSK conversion.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic diagram of the OCS-ASK to OCS-DPSK conversion (a) and the architecture of the OCS-DPSK signal generation based on a single DPMZM (b).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental setup for the generation of OCS-DPSK based on the DPMZM. Spectrum resolution: 0.07 nm; Start wavelength: 1548.86nm; Stop wavelength: 1550.86nm; The X axis scale is 0.2 nm/div, the Y axis scale is 5 dB/div. (i) The optical eye diagram of the OCS-ASK signal, (ii) The optical spectrum of the OCS-ASK signal, (iii) The optical eye diagram of the optical clock signal, (iv) The optical spectrum of the optical clock signal, (v) The optical eye diagram of the OCS-DPSK signal, (vi) The optical spectrum of the OCS-DPSK signal, (vii) The optical eye diagram of the filtered sideband, (viii) The optical eye diagram of the filtered sideband after MZDI demodulation, (ix) The optical eye diagram of the OCS-DPSK signal after MZDI demodulation.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Electrical eye diagram (a) and BER curves (b).

Equations (2)

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P NRZ ASK ( f ) = T s 16 [ sin π ( f + f c ) T s π ( f + f c ) T s 2 + sin π ( f f c ) T s π ( f f c ) T s 2 ] + 1 16 [ δ ( f + f c ) + δ ( f f c ) ]
P NRZ DPSK ( f ) = T s 4 [ sin π ( f + f c ) T s π ( f + f c ) T s 2 + sin π ( f f c ) T s π ( f f c ) T s 2 ]

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