Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a scheme that enables spectral tuning of a photonic crystal high-quality resonant mode, in steps finer than 0.2 nm, via electron beam induced deposition of carbonaceous nano-dots. The position and size of a nano-dot with a diameter of <100 nm are controlled to an accuracy on the order of nanometers. The possibility of selective modal tuning is also demonstrated by placing nano-dots at locations pre-determined by theoretical computation. The lasing threshold of a photonic crystal mode tends to increase when a nano-dot is grown at the point of strong electric field, showing the absorptive nature of the nano-dot.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. Fan, "Photonic crystals: putting a new twist on light," Nature 386, 143-149 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O???Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Defect Laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Controlling the Spontaneous Emission Rate of Single Quantum Dots in a Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeetster, "Self-Tuned Quantum Dot Gain in Photonic Crystal Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, "Enhanced Spontaneous Emission by Quantum Boxes in a Monolithic Optical Microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110-1113 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, "Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device," Nature 419, 594-597 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. W.-H. Chang, W.-Y. Chen, H.-S. Chang, T.-P. Hsieh, J.-I. Chyi, and T.-M. Hsu, "Efficient single-photon sources based on low-density quantum dots in Photonic-Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 117401 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. K. Vahala, "Optical Microcavities," Nature 424, 839-846 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. P. Reithmaier, G. S??k, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, " Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432, 197-200 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamo??lu, "Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes," Science 308, 1158-1161 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamo??lu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. D. Englund, A. Faraon, I. Fushman, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot," Nature 450, 857-861 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, "All-optical control of light on a silicon chip," Nature 431, 1081-1084 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, A. Tamboli, P. M. Petroff, E. L. Hu, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, and A. Imamo??lu, "Tuning photonic crystal nanocavity modes by wet chemical digital etching," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021108 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  17. K. Hennessy, C. Högerle, E. L. Hu, A. Badolato, and A. Imamo??lu, "Tuning photonic nanocavities by atomic force microscope nano-oxidation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041118 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y.-H. Lee, "Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 1277-1285 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Local tuning of photonic crystal cavities using chalcogenide glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043123 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H-.Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, J.-S. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, "Characteristics of modified single-defect two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353-1365 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M.-K. Seo, K-.Y. Jeong, J.-K. Yang, Y.-H. Lee, H.-G. Park, and S.-B. Kim, "Low threshold current single-cell hexapole mode photonic crystal laser," Appl. Phy. Lett. 90, 171122 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. N. Broers, W. W. Molzen, J. J. Cuomo, and N. D. Wittels, "Electron Beam Fabrication of 80?? Metal Structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 596-598 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  23. H. W. P. Koops, J. Kretz, M. Rudolph, M. Weber, G. Dahm, and K. L. Lee, "Characterization and application of materials grown by electron-beam-induced deposition," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 7099-7107 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  24. H. W. P. Koops, E. Dobisz, and J. Urban, "Novel lithography and signal processing with water vapor ions," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 15, 1369-1372 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  25. M. Kristian, N. M. Dorte, M. R. Anne, C. Anna, C. A. Charlotte, B. Michael, J. H. Claus, and B. Peter, "Solid Gold Nanostructures fabricated by Electron Beam Deposition," Nano Lett. 3, 1499-1503 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  26. M.-F. Yu, O. Lourie, M. J. Dyer, K. Moloni, T. F. Kelly, and R. S. Ruoff, "Strength and breaking mechanism of multiwalled carbon nanotubes under tensile load," Science 287, 637-640 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. T. Ooi, K. Matsumoto, M. Nakao, M. Otsubo, S. Shirakata, S. Tanaka, and Y. Hatamura, "3D nano wire-frame for handling and observing a single DNA fiber," Proceedings of the IEEE Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) 580-583 (2000).
  28. E. Knill, E. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Local tuning of photonic crystal cavities using chalcogenide glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043123 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

M.-K. Seo, K-.Y. Jeong, J.-K. Yang, Y.-H. Lee, H.-G. Park, and S.-B. Kim, "Low threshold current single-cell hexapole mode photonic crystal laser," Appl. Phy. Lett. 90, 171122 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y.-H. Lee, "Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 1277-1285 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamo??lu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Englund, A. Faraon, I. Fushman, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot," Nature 450, 857-861 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

K. Hennessy, C. Högerle, E. L. Hu, A. Badolato, and A. Imamo??lu, "Tuning photonic nanocavities by atomic force microscope nano-oxidation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeetster, "Self-Tuned Quantum Dot Gain in Photonic Crystal Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W.-H. Chang, W.-Y. Chen, H.-S. Chang, T.-P. Hsieh, J.-I. Chyi, and T.-M. Hsu, "Efficient single-photon sources based on low-density quantum dots in Photonic-Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 117401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Controlling the Spontaneous Emission Rate of Single Quantum Dots in a Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, A. Tamboli, P. M. Petroff, E. L. Hu, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, and A. Imamo??lu, "Tuning photonic crystal nanocavity modes by wet chemical digital etching," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamo??lu, "Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes," Science 308, 1158-1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

J. P. Reithmaier, G. S??k, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, " Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, "All-optical control of light on a silicon chip," Nature 431, 1081-1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

K. Vahala, "Optical Microcavities," Nature 424, 839-846 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kristian, N. M. Dorte, M. R. Anne, C. Anna, C. A. Charlotte, B. Michael, J. H. Claus, and B. Peter, "Solid Gold Nanostructures fabricated by Electron Beam Deposition," Nano Lett. 3, 1499-1503 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H-.Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, J.-S. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, "Characteristics of modified single-defect two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353-1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, "Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device," Nature 419, 594-597 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

E. Knill, E. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

M.-F. Yu, O. Lourie, M. J. Dyer, K. Moloni, T. F. Kelly, and R. S. Ruoff, "Strength and breaking mechanism of multiwalled carbon nanotubes under tensile load," Science 287, 637-640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O???Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Defect Laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

J. M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, "Enhanced Spontaneous Emission by Quantum Boxes in a Monolithic Optical Microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110-1113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. Fan, "Photonic crystals: putting a new twist on light," Nature 386, 143-149 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. W. P. Koops, E. Dobisz, and J. Urban, "Novel lithography and signal processing with water vapor ions," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 15, 1369-1372 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

H. W. P. Koops, J. Kretz, M. Rudolph, M. Weber, G. Dahm, and K. L. Lee, "Characterization and application of materials grown by electron-beam-induced deposition," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 7099-7107 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1976

A. N. Broers, W. W. Molzen, J. J. Cuomo, and N. D. Wittels, "Electron Beam Fabrication of 80?? Metal Structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 596-598 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Almeida, V. R.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, "All-optical control of light on a silicon chip," Nature 431, 1081-1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andreani, L. C.

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeetster, "Self-Tuned Quantum Dot Gain in Photonic Crystal Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anna, C.

M. Kristian, N. M. Dorte, M. R. Anne, C. Anna, C. A. Charlotte, B. Michael, J. H. Claus, and B. Peter, "Solid Gold Nanostructures fabricated by Electron Beam Deposition," Nano Lett. 3, 1499-1503 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Anne, M. R.

M. Kristian, N. M. Dorte, M. R. Anne, C. Anna, C. A. Charlotte, B. Michael, J. H. Claus, and B. Peter, "Solid Gold Nanostructures fabricated by Electron Beam Deposition," Nano Lett. 3, 1499-1503 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, Y.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Controlling the Spontaneous Emission Rate of Single Quantum Dots in a Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atatüre, M.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamo??lu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamo??lu, "Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes," Science 308, 1158-1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, A. Tamboli, P. M. Petroff, E. L. Hu, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, and A. Imamo??lu, "Tuning photonic crystal nanocavity modes by wet chemical digital etching," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Badolato, A.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamo??lu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hennessy, C. Högerle, E. L. Hu, A. Badolato, and A. Imamo??lu, "Tuning photonic nanocavities by atomic force microscope nano-oxidation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeetster, "Self-Tuned Quantum Dot Gain in Photonic Crystal Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamo??lu, "Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes," Science 308, 1158-1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, A. Tamboli, P. M. Petroff, E. L. Hu, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, and A. Imamo??lu, "Tuning photonic crystal nanocavity modes by wet chemical digital etching," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baek, J. H.

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barrios, C. A.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, "All-optical control of light on a silicon chip," Nature 431, 1081-1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouwmeetster, D.

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeetster, "Self-Tuned Quantum Dot Gain in Photonic Crystal Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Broers, A. N.

A. N. Broers, W. W. Molzen, J. J. Cuomo, and N. D. Wittels, "Electron Beam Fabrication of 80?? Metal Structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 596-598 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Bulla, D.

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Local tuning of photonic crystal cavities using chalcogenide glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043123 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chang, H.-S.

W.-H. Chang, W.-Y. Chen, H.-S. Chang, T.-P. Hsieh, J.-I. Chyi, and T.-M. Hsu, "Efficient single-photon sources based on low-density quantum dots in Photonic-Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 117401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, W.-H.

W.-H. Chang, W.-Y. Chen, H.-S. Chang, T.-P. Hsieh, J.-I. Chyi, and T.-M. Hsu, "Efficient single-photon sources based on low-density quantum dots in Photonic-Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 117401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Charlotte, C. A.

M. Kristian, N. M. Dorte, M. R. Anne, C. Anna, C. A. Charlotte, B. Michael, J. H. Claus, and B. Peter, "Solid Gold Nanostructures fabricated by Electron Beam Deposition," Nano Lett. 3, 1499-1503 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.-Y.

W.-H. Chang, W.-Y. Chen, H.-S. Chang, T.-P. Hsieh, J.-I. Chyi, and T.-M. Hsu, "Efficient single-photon sources based on low-density quantum dots in Photonic-Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 117401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choi, Y. S.

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeetster, "Self-Tuned Quantum Dot Gain in Photonic Crystal Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chyi, J.-I.

W.-H. Chang, W.-Y. Chen, H.-S. Chang, T.-P. Hsieh, J.-I. Chyi, and T.-M. Hsu, "Efficient single-photon sources based on low-density quantum dots in Photonic-Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 117401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Claus, J. H.

M. Kristian, N. M. Dorte, M. R. Anne, C. Anna, C. A. Charlotte, B. Michael, J. H. Claus, and B. Peter, "Solid Gold Nanostructures fabricated by Electron Beam Deposition," Nano Lett. 3, 1499-1503 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Costard, E.

J. M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, "Enhanced Spontaneous Emission by Quantum Boxes in a Monolithic Optical Microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110-1113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cuomo, J. J.

A. N. Broers, W. W. Molzen, J. J. Cuomo, and N. D. Wittels, "Electron Beam Fabrication of 80?? Metal Structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 596-598 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Dahm, G.

H. W. P. Koops, J. Kretz, M. Rudolph, M. Weber, G. Dahm, and K. L. Lee, "Characterization and application of materials grown by electron-beam-induced deposition," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 7099-7107 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dapkus, P. D.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O???Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Defect Laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deppe, D. G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dobisz, E.

H. W. P. Koops, E. Dobisz, and J. Urban, "Novel lithography and signal processing with water vapor ions," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 15, 1369-1372 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dorte, N. M.

M. Kristian, N. M. Dorte, M. R. Anne, C. Anna, C. A. Charlotte, B. Michael, J. H. Claus, and B. Peter, "Solid Gold Nanostructures fabricated by Electron Beam Deposition," Nano Lett. 3, 1499-1503 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dreiser, J.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, A. Tamboli, P. M. Petroff, E. L. Hu, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, and A. Imamo??lu, "Tuning photonic crystal nanocavity modes by wet chemical digital etching," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamo??lu, "Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes," Science 308, 1158-1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dyer, M. J.

M.-F. Yu, O. Lourie, M. J. Dyer, K. Moloni, T. F. Kelly, and R. S. Ruoff, "Strength and breaking mechanism of multiwalled carbon nanotubes under tensile load," Science 287, 637-640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eggleton, B. J.

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Local tuning of photonic crystal cavities using chalcogenide glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043123 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y.-H. Lee, "Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 1277-1285 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ell, C.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Englund, D.

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Local tuning of photonic crystal cavities using chalcogenide glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043123 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Englund, A. Faraon, I. Fushman, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot," Nature 450, 857-861 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Controlling the Spontaneous Emission Rate of Single Quantum Dots in a Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fält, S.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamo??lu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, S.

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. Fan, "Photonic crystals: putting a new twist on light," Nature 386, 143-149 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Faraon, A.

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Local tuning of photonic crystal cavities using chalcogenide glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043123 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Englund, A. Faraon, I. Fushman, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot," Nature 450, 857-861 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fattal, D.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Controlling the Spontaneous Emission Rate of Single Quantum Dots in a Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, "Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device," Nature 419, 594-597 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Forchel, A.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. S??k, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, " Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Freeman, D.

Fushman, I.

D. Englund, A. Faraon, I. Fushman, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot," Nature 450, 857-861 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gayral, B.

J. M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, "Enhanced Spontaneous Emission by Quantum Boxes in a Monolithic Optical Microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110-1113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gerace, D.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamo??lu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gérard, J. M.

J. M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, "Enhanced Spontaneous Emission by Quantum Boxes in a Monolithic Optical Microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110-1113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gibbs, H. M.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grillet, C.

Gulde, S.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamo??lu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hendrickson, J.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hennessy, K.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamo??lu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hennessy, C. Högerle, E. L. Hu, A. Badolato, and A. Imamo??lu, "Tuning photonic nanocavities by atomic force microscope nano-oxidation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeetster, "Self-Tuned Quantum Dot Gain in Photonic Crystal Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, A. Tamboli, P. M. Petroff, E. L. Hu, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, and A. Imamo??lu, "Tuning photonic crystal nanocavity modes by wet chemical digital etching," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamo??lu, "Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes," Science 308, 1158-1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hofmann, C.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. S??k, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, " Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Högerle, C.

K. Hennessy, C. Högerle, E. L. Hu, A. Badolato, and A. Imamo??lu, "Tuning photonic nanocavities by atomic force microscope nano-oxidation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, T.-P.

W.-H. Chang, W.-Y. Chen, H.-S. Chang, T.-P. Hsieh, J.-I. Chyi, and T.-M. Hsu, "Efficient single-photon sources based on low-density quantum dots in Photonic-Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 117401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsu, T.-M.

W.-H. Chang, W.-Y. Chen, H.-S. Chang, T.-P. Hsieh, J.-I. Chyi, and T.-M. Hsu, "Efficient single-photon sources based on low-density quantum dots in Photonic-Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 117401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, E. L.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamo??lu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hennessy, C. Högerle, E. L. Hu, A. Badolato, and A. Imamo??lu, "Tuning photonic nanocavities by atomic force microscope nano-oxidation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeetster, "Self-Tuned Quantum Dot Gain in Photonic Crystal Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamo??lu, "Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes," Science 308, 1158-1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, A. Tamboli, P. M. Petroff, E. L. Hu, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, and A. Imamo??lu, "Tuning photonic crystal nanocavity modes by wet chemical digital etching," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huh, J.

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H-.Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, J.-S. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, "Characteristics of modified single-defect two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353-1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, J.-K.

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H-.Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, J.-S. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, "Characteristics of modified single-defect two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353-1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Imamo??lu, A.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamo??lu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hennessy, C. Högerle, E. L. Hu, A. Badolato, and A. Imamo??lu, "Tuning photonic nanocavities by atomic force microscope nano-oxidation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, A. Tamboli, P. M. Petroff, E. L. Hu, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, and A. Imamo??lu, "Tuning photonic crystal nanocavity modes by wet chemical digital etching," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamo??lu, "Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes," Science 308, 1158-1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. Fan, "Photonic crystals: putting a new twist on light," Nature 386, 143-149 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ju, Y. G.

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keldysh, L. V.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. S??k, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, " Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kelly, T. F.

M.-F. Yu, O. Lourie, M. J. Dyer, K. Moloni, T. F. Kelly, and R. S. Ruoff, "Strength and breaking mechanism of multiwalled carbon nanotubes under tensile load," Science 287, 637-640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khitrova, G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, I.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O???Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Defect Laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S. B.

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S. H.

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knill, E.

E. Knill, E. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koops, H. W. P.

H. W. P. Koops, E. Dobisz, and J. Urban, "Novel lithography and signal processing with water vapor ions," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 15, 1369-1372 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. W. P. Koops, J. Kretz, M. Rudolph, M. Weber, G. Dahm, and K. L. Lee, "Characterization and application of materials grown by electron-beam-induced deposition," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 7099-7107 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kretz, J.

H. W. P. Koops, J. Kretz, M. Rudolph, M. Weber, G. Dahm, and K. L. Lee, "Characterization and application of materials grown by electron-beam-induced deposition," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 7099-7107 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kristian, M.

M. Kristian, N. M. Dorte, M. R. Anne, C. Anna, C. A. Charlotte, B. Michael, J. H. Claus, and B. Peter, "Solid Gold Nanostructures fabricated by Electron Beam Deposition," Nano Lett. 3, 1499-1503 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kuhn, S.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. S??k, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, " Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kulakovskii, V. D.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. S??k, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, " Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kwon, S. H.

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laflamme, E.

E. Knill, E. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, K. L.

H. W. P. Koops, J. Kretz, M. Rudolph, M. Weber, G. Dahm, and K. L. Lee, "Characterization and application of materials grown by electron-beam-induced deposition," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 7099-7107 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M. W.

Lee, R. K.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O???Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Defect Laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, Y. H.

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, Y.-H.

Legrand, B.

J. M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, "Enhanced Spontaneous Emission by Quantum Boxes in a Monolithic Optical Microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110-1113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, "All-optical control of light on a silicon chip," Nature 431, 1081-1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Löffler, A.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. S??k, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, " Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lourie, O.

M.-F. Yu, O. Lourie, M. J. Dyer, K. Moloni, T. F. Kelly, and R. S. Ruoff, "Strength and breaking mechanism of multiwalled carbon nanotubes under tensile load," Science 287, 637-640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luther-Davies, B.

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Local tuning of photonic crystal cavities using chalcogenide glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043123 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. C. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y.-H. Lee, "Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 15, 1277-1285 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Madden, S.

Michael, B.

M. Kristian, N. M. Dorte, M. R. Anne, C. Anna, C. A. Charlotte, B. Michael, J. H. Claus, and B. Peter, "Solid Gold Nanostructures fabricated by Electron Beam Deposition," Nano Lett. 3, 1499-1503 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Milburn, G. J.

E. Knill, E. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moloni, K.

M.-F. Yu, O. Lourie, M. J. Dyer, K. Moloni, T. F. Kelly, and R. S. Ruoff, "Strength and breaking mechanism of multiwalled carbon nanotubes under tensile load," Science 287, 637-640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Molzen, W. W.

A. N. Broers, W. W. Molzen, J. J. Cuomo, and N. D. Wittels, "Electron Beam Fabrication of 80?? Metal Structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 596-598 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Moss, D. J.

Nakaoka, T.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Controlling the Spontaneous Emission Rate of Single Quantum Dots in a Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O???Brien, J. D.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O???Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Defect Laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Painter, O.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O???Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Defect Laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Panepucci, R. R.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, "All-optical control of light on a silicon chip," Nature 431, 1081-1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, H. G.

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, H.-G.

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H-.Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, J.-S. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, "Characteristics of modified single-defect two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353-1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Peter, B.

M. Kristian, N. M. Dorte, M. R. Anne, C. Anna, C. A. Charlotte, B. Michael, J. H. Claus, and B. Peter, "Solid Gold Nanostructures fabricated by Electron Beam Deposition," Nano Lett. 3, 1499-1503 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Petroff, P.

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Local tuning of photonic crystal cavities using chalcogenide glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043123 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Englund, A. Faraon, I. Fushman, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot," Nature 450, 857-861 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petroff, P. M.

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeetster, "Self-Tuned Quantum Dot Gain in Photonic Crystal Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, A. Tamboli, P. M. Petroff, E. L. Hu, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, and A. Imamo??lu, "Tuning photonic crystal nanocavity modes by wet chemical digital etching," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamo??lu, "Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes," Science 308, 1158-1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rakher, M. T.

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeetster, "Self-Tuned Quantum Dot Gain in Photonic Crystal Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reinecke, T. L.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. S??k, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, " Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reithmaier, J. P.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. S??k, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, " Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reitzenstein, S.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. S??k, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, " Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rode, A.

Ruan, Y.

Rudolph, M.

H. W. P. Koops, J. Kretz, M. Rudolph, M. Weber, G. Dahm, and K. L. Lee, "Characterization and application of materials grown by electron-beam-induced deposition," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 7099-7107 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ruoff, R. S.

M.-F. Yu, O. Lourie, M. J. Dyer, K. Moloni, T. F. Kelly, and R. S. Ruoff, "Strength and breaking mechanism of multiwalled carbon nanotubes under tensile load," Science 287, 637-640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rupper, G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S??k, G.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. S??k, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, " Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Santori, C.

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, "Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device," Nature 419, 594-597 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scherer, A.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O???Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Defect Laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seo, M.-K.

M.-K. Seo, K-.Y. Jeong, J.-K. Yang, Y.-H. Lee, H.-G. Park, and S.-B. Kim, "Low threshold current single-cell hexapole mode photonic crystal laser," Appl. Phy. Lett. 90, 171122 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sermage, B.

J. M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, "Enhanced Spontaneous Emission by Quantum Boxes in a Monolithic Optical Microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110-1113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shchekin, O. B.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, C. L. C.

Solomon, G.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Controlling the Spontaneous Emission Rate of Single Quantum Dots in a Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Solomon, G. S.

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, "Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device," Nature 419, 594-597 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stoltz, N.

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Local tuning of photonic crystal cavities using chalcogenide glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043123 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Englund, A. Faraon, I. Fushman, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot," Nature 450, 857-861 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strauf, S.

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeetster, "Self-Tuned Quantum Dot Gain in Photonic Crystal Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tamboli, A.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, A. Tamboli, P. M. Petroff, E. L. Hu, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, and A. Imamo??lu, "Tuning photonic crystal nanocavity modes by wet chemical digital etching," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Thierry-Mieg, V.

J. M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, "Enhanced Spontaneous Emission by Quantum Boxes in a Monolithic Optical Microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110-1113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Urban, J.

H. W. P. Koops, E. Dobisz, and J. Urban, "Novel lithography and signal processing with water vapor ions," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 15, 1369-1372 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K.

K. Vahala, "Optical Microcavities," Nature 424, 839-846 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villeneuve, P. R.

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. Fan, "Photonic crystals: putting a new twist on light," Nature 386, 143-149 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vu??kovi??, J.

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Local tuning of photonic crystal cavities using chalcogenide glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043123 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Englund, A. Faraon, I. Fushman, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot," Nature 450, 857-861 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Controlling the Spontaneous Emission Rate of Single Quantum Dots in a Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vuckovic, J.

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, "Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device," Nature 419, 594-597 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Waks, E.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Controlling the Spontaneous Emission Rate of Single Quantum Dots in a Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weber, M.

H. W. P. Koops, J. Kretz, M. Rudolph, M. Weber, G. Dahm, and K. L. Lee, "Characterization and application of materials grown by electron-beam-induced deposition," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 7099-7107 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Winger, M.

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamo??lu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wittels, N. D.

A. N. Broers, W. W. Molzen, J. J. Cuomo, and N. D. Wittels, "Electron Beam Fabrication of 80?? Metal Structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 596-598 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Controlling the Spontaneous Emission Rate of Single Quantum Dots in a Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, "Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device," Nature 419, 594-597 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, J. K.

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yariv, A.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O???Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Defect Laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshie, T.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, M.-F.

M.-F. Yu, O. Lourie, M. J. Dyer, K. Moloni, T. F. Kelly, and R. S. Ruoff, "Strength and breaking mechanism of multiwalled carbon nanotubes under tensile load," Science 287, 637-640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, B.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Controlling the Spontaneous Emission Rate of Single Quantum Dots in a Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phy. Lett.

M.-K. Seo, K-.Y. Jeong, J.-K. Yang, Y.-H. Lee, H.-G. Park, and S.-B. Kim, "Low threshold current single-cell hexapole mode photonic crystal laser," Appl. Phy. Lett. 90, 171122 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. N. Broers, W. W. Molzen, J. J. Cuomo, and N. D. Wittels, "Electron Beam Fabrication of 80?? Metal Structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 596-598 (1976).
[CrossRef]

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, A. Tamboli, P. M. Petroff, E. L. Hu, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, and A. Imamo??lu, "Tuning photonic crystal nanocavity modes by wet chemical digital etching," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 021108 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Hennessy, C. Högerle, E. L. Hu, A. Badolato, and A. Imamo??lu, "Tuning photonic nanocavities by atomic force microscope nano-oxidation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 041118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Local tuning of photonic crystal cavities using chalcogenide glasses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 043123 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

H.-G. Park, J.-K. Hwang, J. Huh, H-.Y. Ryu, S.-H. Kim, J.-S. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, "Characteristics of modified single-defect two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1353-1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B

H. W. P. Koops, E. Dobisz, and J. Urban, "Novel lithography and signal processing with water vapor ions," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 15, 1369-1372 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

H. W. P. Koops, J. Kretz, M. Rudolph, M. Weber, G. Dahm, and K. L. Lee, "Characterization and application of materials grown by electron-beam-induced deposition," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33, 7099-7107 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

M. Kristian, N. M. Dorte, M. R. Anne, C. Anna, C. A. Charlotte, B. Michael, J. H. Claus, and B. Peter, "Solid Gold Nanostructures fabricated by Electron Beam Deposition," Nano Lett. 3, 1499-1503 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nature

E. Knill, E. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Santori, D. Fattal, J. Vuckovic, G. S. Solomon, and Y. Yamamoto, "Indistinguishable photons from a single-photon device," Nature 419, 594-597 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hennessy, A. Badolato, M. Winger, D. Gerace, M. Atatüre, S. Gulde, S. Fält, E. L. Hu, and A. Imamo??lu, "Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system," Nature 445, 896-899 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Englund, A. Faraon, I. Fushman, N. Stoltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot," Nature 450, 857-861 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, "All-optical control of light on a silicon chip," Nature 431, 1081-1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Joannopoulos, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. Fan, "Photonic crystals: putting a new twist on light," Nature 386, 143-149 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Vahala, "Optical Microcavities," Nature 424, 839-846 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Reithmaier, G. S??k, A. Löffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, " Strong coupling in a single quantum dot-semiconductor microcavity system," Nature 432, 197-200 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432, 200-203 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. Lett.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vu??kovi??, "Controlling the Spontaneous Emission Rate of Single Quantum Dots in a Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M. T. Rakher, Y. S. Choi, A. Badolato, L. C. Andreani, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeetster, "Self-Tuned Quantum Dot Gain in Photonic Crystal Lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. M. Gérard, B. Sermage, B. Gayral, B. Legrand, E. Costard, and V. Thierry-Mieg, "Enhanced Spontaneous Emission by Quantum Boxes in a Monolithic Optical Microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1110-1113 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W.-H. Chang, W.-Y. Chen, H.-S. Chang, T.-P. Hsieh, J.-I. Chyi, and T.-M. Hsu, "Efficient single-photon sources based on low-density quantum dots in Photonic-Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 117401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O???Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Defect Laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, and Y. H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Badolato, K. Hennessy, M. Atatüre, J. Dreiser, E. L. Hu, P. M. Petroff, and A. Imamo??lu, "Deterministic coupling of single quantum dots to single nanocavity modes," Science 308, 1158-1161 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M.-F. Yu, O. Lourie, M. J. Dyer, K. Moloni, T. F. Kelly, and R. S. Ruoff, "Strength and breaking mechanism of multiwalled carbon nanotubes under tensile load," Science 287, 637-640 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

T. Ooi, K. Matsumoto, M. Nakao, M. Otsubo, S. Shirakata, S. Tanaka, and Y. Hatamura, "3D nano wire-frame for handling and observing a single DNA fiber," Proceedings of the IEEE Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) 580-583 (2000).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Generation of carbonaceous nano-dots. (a) Schematic of electron-beam-induced CND deposition mechanism. (b) CNDs formed in a PhC cavity. (c) Magnified image of the dotted region of Fig. 1b. (d) Top view. (e) High resolution TEM image of a CND showing no crystalline signature; the CND is deposited on a TEM grid.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Tuning of SEM for optimum focusing. (a) The progressive change of the shape and size of CNDs. Left to right, the electron beam becomes in the optimal focusing condition. (b) The SEM image of three CNDs with deposition time of 60, 90, and 120 seconds (left to right), respectively, taken at an angle of 15 degrees.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

PhC resonant cavity. (a) Schematic of the PhC slab cavity. (b) SEM image of a fabricated single-cell PhC laser cavity.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Sub-nanometer spectral tuning by controlled CND growth. (a) Growth of a CND by sequential re-depositions. The diameter of the CND can be controlled by a step of ~5 nm. (b) Sub-nanometer tuning of a hexapole laser mode. A CND is deposited at the center of the single-cell PhC cavity. Each additional CND deposition red-shifts the hexapole mode by a step of ~0.2 nm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Spectral tuning by sequential deposition of CNDs. (a) One, two, and three CNDs of diameter ~70 nm on a resonant cavity. (b) Measured spectra of hexapole and quadrupole modes. Each CND generates a red-shift of ~3 nm.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Selective resonance tuning by CNDs. (a) Six 60-nm CNDs are deposited near the antinodes of a hexapole mode. Electric field intensity profiles of the hexapole and quadrupole modes are shown to the right. (b) A particular placement of CNDs results in a red-shift of the hexapole mode larger than those of the quadrupole modes.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Effects of CND on lasing characteristics. (a) Deposition of a CND at the center, where the hexapole mode has a node. (b) Deposition of a CND at the antinode of the hexapole mode. Overlaid is the photon density profile of the hexapole mode. (c) (d) Lasing characteristics modified by the CND placed at the node(c) and antinode(d), respectively.

Metrics