Abstract

A long x-ray pathway based on an x-ray back-diffraction cavity for coherent x-ray beam experiments is presented. In the present work, such a setup was tested and used for propagation-based x-ray phase contrast imaging (PBI). This setup showed to be useful for PBI purposes, with the advantage of being compact (3 m long) when compared with long x-ray synchrotron beamlines with dimensions from tens to hundreds of meters.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  4. J. I. Espeso, P. Cloetens, J. Baruchel, J. Hartwig, T. Mairs, J. C. Biasci, G. Marot, M. Salomé-Pateyron, and M. Schlenker, "Conserving the coherence and uniformity of third-generation synchrotron radiation beams: the Case of ID19, a ???long??? beamline at the ESRF," J. Synchrotron Rad. 5, 1243-1249 (1998).
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  7. P.C. J. Donogue, S. Bengston, X.-P. Dong, N. J. Gostling, T. Huldtgren, J. A. Cunningham, C. Yin, Z. Yue, F. Peng, and M. Stampanoni, "Synchrotron x-ray tomographic microscopy of fossil embryos," Nature 442, 680-683 (2006).
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  8. M. W. Westneat, O. Betz, R. W. Blob, K. Fezzaa, W. J. Cooper, and W.-K. Lee, "Tracheal respiration in insects visualized with synchrotron X-ray imaging," Science 299, 558-560 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. G. Hönnicke, L. A. Foerster, M. A. Navarro-Silva, R. H. Menk, L. Rigon, and C. Cusatis, "Preliminary studies of enhanced contrast radiography in anatomy and embryology of insects with Elettra synchrotron light," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 548, 207-212 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, C. Burns, W. C. Thomlinson, L. D. Chapman, F. Arfelli, N. F. Gmur, Z. Zhong, and D. Sayers, "Mammographic phantom studies with synchrotron radiation," Radiology 200, 659-663 (1996).
    [PubMed]
  11. A. Antunes, A. M. V. Safatle, P. S. M. Barros, and S.L. Morelhão, "X-ray imaging in advanced studies of ophthalmic diseases," Med. Phys. 33, 2338-2343 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. P. Cloetens, M. Pateyron-Salome, J. Y. Buffiere, G. Peix, J. Baruchel, F. Peyrin, and M. Schlenker, "Observation of microstructure and damage in materials by phase sensitive radiography and tomography," J. Appl. Phys. 81, 5878-5886 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Baruchel, J. Y. Buffiere, P. Cloetens, M. Di Michiel, E. Ferrie, W. Ludwig, E. Marie, and L. Salvo, "Advances in synchrotron radiation microtomography," Scr. Mater. 55, 41-46 (2006).
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  15. F. Pfeifer, T. Weitkamp, O. Bunk, and C. David, "Phase retrieval and differential phase-contrast imaging with low-brilliance X-ray sources," Nat. Phys. 2, 258-261 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. W. Wilkins, T. E. Gureyev, D. Gao, A. Pogany, and A. W. Stevenson, "Phase-contrast imaging using polychromatic hard X-rays," Nature 384, 335-338 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  17. E. Förster, K. Goetz K, and P. Zaumseil, "Double crystal diffractometry for the characterization of targets for laser fusion experiments," Krist. Tech. 15, 937-945 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  18. T. J. Davis, D. Gao, T. E. Gureyev, A. W. Stevenson, and S. W. Wilkins, "Phase-contrast imaging of weakly absorbing materials using hard x-rays," Nature 373, 595-598 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  19. T. Tanaka, C. Honda, S. Matsue, K. Noma, H. Ohara, N. Nitta, S. Ota, K. Tsuchiya, A. Yamada, M. Yamasaki, A. Furukawa, M. Takahashi, and K. Murata, "The first trial of phase contrast imaging for digital full-field mammography using a practical molybdenum x-ray tube," Invest. Radiol. 40, 385-396 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. Jakubek, C. Granja, J. Dammer, R. Hanus, T. Holy, S. Pospisil, R. Tykva, J. Uher, and Z. Vykydal. "Phase contrast enhanced high resolution x-ray imaging and tomography of soft tissue," Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 571, 69-72 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  21. A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, V. Kohn, S. Kuznetsov, and I. Schelokov, "On the possibilities of x-ray phase contrast microimaging by coherent high-energy synchrotron radiation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 5486-5492 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. Caticha and S. Caticha-Ellis, "Dynamical theory of x-ray diffraction at Bragg angles near pi/2," Phys. Rev. B 25, 971-982 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  23. C. Cusatis, D. Udron, I. Mazzaro, C. Giles, and H. Tolentino, "X-ray back-diffraction profiles with an Si(111) plate," Acta Cryst. A 52, 614-620 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  24. M. G. Hönnicke, E. M. Kakuno, I. Mazzaro, and C. Cusatis, "A new method to detect an x-ray diffracted beam at an angle of 90º," J. Appl. Cryst. 37, 451-454 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  25. S. L. Chang, Y. P. Stetsko, M. T. Tang, Y. R. Lee, W. H. Sun, M. Yabashi, and T. Ishikawa, "X-ray resonance in crystal cavities: realization of fabry-perot resonator for hard x-rays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, art. no. 174801 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. Y. V. Shvyd???ko, M. Lerche, W. C. Wille, E. Gerdau, M. Lucht, H. D. Ruter, E. E. Alp, and R. Khachatryan, "X-ray interferometry with microelectronvolt resolution," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, art. no. 013904 (2003).
    [PubMed]
  27. J. P. Sutter, E. E. Alp, M. Y. Hu, P. L. Lee, H. Sinn, W. Sturhahn, T. S. Toellner, G. Bortel, and R. Colella, "Multiple-beam x-ray diffraction near exact backscattering in silicon," Phys. Rev. B 63, art. no. 094111 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  28. K. Munakata and A. Okazaki, "Ultra-high-angle double crystal x-ray diffraction (U-HADOX) for determining a change in the lattice spacing: experiment," Acta Cryst. A 60, 33-39 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  29. C. Giles, C. Adriano, A. F. Lubambo, C. Cusatis, I. Mazzaro, and M. G. Hönnicke, "Diamond thermal expansion measurement using transmitted x-ray back-diffraction," J. Synchr. Rad. 12, 349-353 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  30. H. C. Wille, Y. V. Shvyd???ko, E. Gerdau, M. Lerche, M. Lucht, H. D. Ruter, and J. Zegenhagen, "Anomalous isotopic effect on the lattice parameter of silicon," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, art. no. 285901 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  31. M. Y. Hu, H. Sinn, A. Alatas, W. Sturhahn, E. E. Alp, H. -C. Wille, Yu. V. Shvyd???ko, J. P. Sutter, J. Bandaru, E. E. Haller, V. I. Ozhgin, S. Rodriguez, R. Colella, E. Kartheuser, and M. A. Villeret, "Effect of isotopic composition on the lattice parameter of germanium measured by x-ray backscattering," Phys. Rev. B 67, art. no. 113306 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  32. F. Arfelli, A. Bravin, G. Barbiellini, G. Cantarore, E. Castelli, M. Di Michiel, P. Poropat, R. Rosei, M. Sessa, A. Vacchi, L. Dalla Palma, R. Longo, S. Bernstorff, A. Savoia, and G. Tromba, "Digital mammography with synchrotron radiation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 1325-1328 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  33. M. G. Hönnicke, G. Kellerman, H. S. Rocha, C. Giles, G. Tirao, I. Mazzaro, R. T. Lopes, and C. Cusatis, "Enhanced contrast radiography with channel-cut crystals at LNLS," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, art. no.093703 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (2)

M. G. Hönnicke and C. Cusatis, "Analyzer-based x-ray phase contrast microscopy combining channel-cut and asymmetrically-cut crystals," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, art. No. 113708 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Jakubek, C. Granja, J. Dammer, R. Hanus, T. Holy, S. Pospisil, R. Tykva, J. Uher, and Z. Vykydal. "Phase contrast enhanced high resolution x-ray imaging and tomography of soft tissue," Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 571, 69-72 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

P. Modregger, D. Lubbert, P. Schafer, and R. Kohler, "Magnified x-ray phase imaging using asymmetric Bragg reflection: Experimental and theory," Phys. Rev. B 74, art. no. 054107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P.C. J. Donogue, S. Bengston, X.-P. Dong, N. J. Gostling, T. Huldtgren, J. A. Cunningham, C. Yin, Z. Yue, F. Peng, and M. Stampanoni, "Synchrotron x-ray tomographic microscopy of fossil embryos," Nature 442, 680-683 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Baruchel, J. Y. Buffiere, P. Cloetens, M. Di Michiel, E. Ferrie, W. Ludwig, E. Marie, and L. Salvo, "Advances in synchrotron radiation microtomography," Scr. Mater. 55, 41-46 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Pfeifer, T. Weitkamp, O. Bunk, and C. David, "Phase retrieval and differential phase-contrast imaging with low-brilliance X-ray sources," Nat. Phys. 2, 258-261 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Antunes, A. M. V. Safatle, P. S. M. Barros, and S.L. Morelhão, "X-ray imaging in advanced studies of ophthalmic diseases," Med. Phys. 33, 2338-2343 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (5)

T. Tanaka, C. Honda, S. Matsue, K. Noma, H. Ohara, N. Nitta, S. Ota, K. Tsuchiya, A. Yamada, M. Yamasaki, A. Furukawa, M. Takahashi, and K. Murata, "The first trial of phase contrast imaging for digital full-field mammography using a practical molybdenum x-ray tube," Invest. Radiol. 40, 385-396 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Hönnicke, L. A. Foerster, M. A. Navarro-Silva, R. H. Menk, L. Rigon, and C. Cusatis, "Preliminary studies of enhanced contrast radiography in anatomy and embryology of insects with Elettra synchrotron light," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 548, 207-212 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Chang, Y. P. Stetsko, M. T. Tang, Y. R. Lee, W. H. Sun, M. Yabashi, and T. Ishikawa, "X-ray resonance in crystal cavities: realization of fabry-perot resonator for hard x-rays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, art. no. 174801 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Giles, C. Adriano, A. F. Lubambo, C. Cusatis, I. Mazzaro, and M. G. Hönnicke, "Diamond thermal expansion measurement using transmitted x-ray back-diffraction," J. Synchr. Rad. 12, 349-353 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Hönnicke, G. Kellerman, H. S. Rocha, C. Giles, G. Tirao, I. Mazzaro, R. T. Lopes, and C. Cusatis, "Enhanced contrast radiography with channel-cut crystals at LNLS," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, art. no.093703 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

K. Munakata and A. Okazaki, "Ultra-high-angle double crystal x-ray diffraction (U-HADOX) for determining a change in the lattice spacing: experiment," Acta Cryst. A 60, 33-39 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Hönnicke, E. M. Kakuno, I. Mazzaro, and C. Cusatis, "A new method to detect an x-ray diffracted beam at an angle of 90º," J. Appl. Cryst. 37, 451-454 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (4)

Y. V. Shvyd???ko, M. Lerche, W. C. Wille, E. Gerdau, M. Lucht, H. D. Ruter, E. E. Alp, and R. Khachatryan, "X-ray interferometry with microelectronvolt resolution," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, art. no. 013904 (2003).
[PubMed]

M. Y. Hu, H. Sinn, A. Alatas, W. Sturhahn, E. E. Alp, H. -C. Wille, Yu. V. Shvyd???ko, J. P. Sutter, J. Bandaru, E. E. Haller, V. I. Ozhgin, S. Rodriguez, R. Colella, E. Kartheuser, and M. A. Villeret, "Effect of isotopic composition on the lattice parameter of germanium measured by x-ray backscattering," Phys. Rev. B 67, art. no. 113306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Westneat, O. Betz, R. W. Blob, K. Fezzaa, W. J. Cooper, and W.-K. Lee, "Tracheal respiration in insects visualized with synchrotron X-ray imaging," Science 299, 558-560 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chaimanee, D. Jolly, M. Benammi, P. Tafforeau, D. Duzer, I. Moussa, and J. J. Jaeger, "A Middle Miocene hominoid from Thailand and orangutan origins," Nature 422, 61-65 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

H. C. Wille, Y. V. Shvyd???ko, E. Gerdau, M. Lerche, M. Lucht, H. D. Ruter, and J. Zegenhagen, "Anomalous isotopic effect on the lattice parameter of silicon," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, art. no. 285901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

J. P. Sutter, E. E. Alp, M. Y. Hu, P. L. Lee, H. Sinn, W. Sturhahn, T. S. Toellner, G. Bortel, and R. Colella, "Multiple-beam x-ray diffraction near exact backscattering in silicon," Phys. Rev. B 63, art. no. 094111 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

A. Souvorov, M. Drakopoulos, I. Snigireva, and A. Snigirev, "Asymmetrically cut crystals as optical elements for coherent x-ray beam conditioning," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 32, A184-A192 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. I. Espeso, P. Cloetens, J. Baruchel, J. Hartwig, T. Mairs, J. C. Biasci, G. Marot, M. Salomé-Pateyron, and M. Schlenker, "Conserving the coherence and uniformity of third-generation synchrotron radiation beams: the Case of ID19, a ???long??? beamline at the ESRF," J. Synchrotron Rad. 5, 1243-1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

P. Cloetens, M. Pateyron-Salome, J. Y. Buffiere, G. Peix, J. Baruchel, F. Peyrin, and M. Schlenker, "Observation of microstructure and damage in materials by phase sensitive radiography and tomography," J. Appl. Phys. 81, 5878-5886 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

S. W. Wilkins, T. E. Gureyev, D. Gao, A. Pogany, and A. W. Stevenson, "Phase-contrast imaging using polychromatic hard X-rays," Nature 384, 335-338 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, C. Burns, W. C. Thomlinson, L. D. Chapman, F. Arfelli, N. F. Gmur, Z. Zhong, and D. Sayers, "Mammographic phantom studies with synchrotron radiation," Radiology 200, 659-663 (1996).
[PubMed]

C. Cusatis, D. Udron, I. Mazzaro, C. Giles, and H. Tolentino, "X-ray back-diffraction profiles with an Si(111) plate," Acta Cryst. A 52, 614-620 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, V. Kohn, S. Kuznetsov, and I. Schelokov, "On the possibilities of x-ray phase contrast microimaging by coherent high-energy synchrotron radiation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 5486-5492 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Arfelli, A. Bravin, G. Barbiellini, G. Cantarore, E. Castelli, M. Di Michiel, P. Poropat, R. Rosei, M. Sessa, A. Vacchi, L. Dalla Palma, R. Longo, S. Bernstorff, A. Savoia, and G. Tromba, "Digital mammography with synchrotron radiation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 1325-1328 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Davis, D. Gao, T. E. Gureyev, A. W. Stevenson, and S. W. Wilkins, "Phase-contrast imaging of weakly absorbing materials using hard x-rays," Nature 373, 595-598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

A. Caticha and S. Caticha-Ellis, "Dynamical theory of x-ray diffraction at Bragg angles near pi/2," Phys. Rev. B 25, 971-982 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

E. Förster, K. Goetz K, and P. Zaumseil, "Double crystal diffractometry for the characterization of targets for laser fusion experiments," Krist. Tech. 15, 937-945 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Adriano, C.

C. Giles, C. Adriano, A. F. Lubambo, C. Cusatis, I. Mazzaro, and M. G. Hönnicke, "Diamond thermal expansion measurement using transmitted x-ray back-diffraction," J. Synchr. Rad. 12, 349-353 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Alatas, A.

M. Y. Hu, H. Sinn, A. Alatas, W. Sturhahn, E. E. Alp, H. -C. Wille, Yu. V. Shvyd???ko, J. P. Sutter, J. Bandaru, E. E. Haller, V. I. Ozhgin, S. Rodriguez, R. Colella, E. Kartheuser, and M. A. Villeret, "Effect of isotopic composition on the lattice parameter of germanium measured by x-ray backscattering," Phys. Rev. B 67, art. no. 113306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Alp, E. E.

M. Y. Hu, H. Sinn, A. Alatas, W. Sturhahn, E. E. Alp, H. -C. Wille, Yu. V. Shvyd???ko, J. P. Sutter, J. Bandaru, E. E. Haller, V. I. Ozhgin, S. Rodriguez, R. Colella, E. Kartheuser, and M. A. Villeret, "Effect of isotopic composition on the lattice parameter of germanium measured by x-ray backscattering," Phys. Rev. B 67, art. no. 113306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. V. Shvyd???ko, M. Lerche, W. C. Wille, E. Gerdau, M. Lucht, H. D. Ruter, E. E. Alp, and R. Khachatryan, "X-ray interferometry with microelectronvolt resolution," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, art. no. 013904 (2003).
[PubMed]

J. P. Sutter, E. E. Alp, M. Y. Hu, P. L. Lee, H. Sinn, W. Sturhahn, T. S. Toellner, G. Bortel, and R. Colella, "Multiple-beam x-ray diffraction near exact backscattering in silicon," Phys. Rev. B 63, art. no. 094111 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Antunes, A.

A. Antunes, A. M. V. Safatle, P. S. M. Barros, and S.L. Morelhão, "X-ray imaging in advanced studies of ophthalmic diseases," Med. Phys. 33, 2338-2343 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arfelli, F.

R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, C. Burns, W. C. Thomlinson, L. D. Chapman, F. Arfelli, N. F. Gmur, Z. Zhong, and D. Sayers, "Mammographic phantom studies with synchrotron radiation," Radiology 200, 659-663 (1996).
[PubMed]

F. Arfelli, A. Bravin, G. Barbiellini, G. Cantarore, E. Castelli, M. Di Michiel, P. Poropat, R. Rosei, M. Sessa, A. Vacchi, L. Dalla Palma, R. Longo, S. Bernstorff, A. Savoia, and G. Tromba, "Digital mammography with synchrotron radiation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 1325-1328 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bandaru, J.

M. Y. Hu, H. Sinn, A. Alatas, W. Sturhahn, E. E. Alp, H. -C. Wille, Yu. V. Shvyd???ko, J. P. Sutter, J. Bandaru, E. E. Haller, V. I. Ozhgin, S. Rodriguez, R. Colella, E. Kartheuser, and M. A. Villeret, "Effect of isotopic composition on the lattice parameter of germanium measured by x-ray backscattering," Phys. Rev. B 67, art. no. 113306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Barbiellini, G.

F. Arfelli, A. Bravin, G. Barbiellini, G. Cantarore, E. Castelli, M. Di Michiel, P. Poropat, R. Rosei, M. Sessa, A. Vacchi, L. Dalla Palma, R. Longo, S. Bernstorff, A. Savoia, and G. Tromba, "Digital mammography with synchrotron radiation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 1325-1328 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Barros, P. S. M.

A. Antunes, A. M. V. Safatle, P. S. M. Barros, and S.L. Morelhão, "X-ray imaging in advanced studies of ophthalmic diseases," Med. Phys. 33, 2338-2343 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baruchel, J.

J. Baruchel, J. Y. Buffiere, P. Cloetens, M. Di Michiel, E. Ferrie, W. Ludwig, E. Marie, and L. Salvo, "Advances in synchrotron radiation microtomography," Scr. Mater. 55, 41-46 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Espeso, P. Cloetens, J. Baruchel, J. Hartwig, T. Mairs, J. C. Biasci, G. Marot, M. Salomé-Pateyron, and M. Schlenker, "Conserving the coherence and uniformity of third-generation synchrotron radiation beams: the Case of ID19, a ???long??? beamline at the ESRF," J. Synchrotron Rad. 5, 1243-1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Cloetens, M. Pateyron-Salome, J. Y. Buffiere, G. Peix, J. Baruchel, F. Peyrin, and M. Schlenker, "Observation of microstructure and damage in materials by phase sensitive radiography and tomography," J. Appl. Phys. 81, 5878-5886 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Benammi, M.

Y. Chaimanee, D. Jolly, M. Benammi, P. Tafforeau, D. Duzer, I. Moussa, and J. J. Jaeger, "A Middle Miocene hominoid from Thailand and orangutan origins," Nature 422, 61-65 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bengston, S.

P.C. J. Donogue, S. Bengston, X.-P. Dong, N. J. Gostling, T. Huldtgren, J. A. Cunningham, C. Yin, Z. Yue, F. Peng, and M. Stampanoni, "Synchrotron x-ray tomographic microscopy of fossil embryos," Nature 442, 680-683 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bernstorff, S.

F. Arfelli, A. Bravin, G. Barbiellini, G. Cantarore, E. Castelli, M. Di Michiel, P. Poropat, R. Rosei, M. Sessa, A. Vacchi, L. Dalla Palma, R. Longo, S. Bernstorff, A. Savoia, and G. Tromba, "Digital mammography with synchrotron radiation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 1325-1328 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Betz, O.

M. W. Westneat, O. Betz, R. W. Blob, K. Fezzaa, W. J. Cooper, and W.-K. Lee, "Tracheal respiration in insects visualized with synchrotron X-ray imaging," Science 299, 558-560 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biasci, J. C.

J. I. Espeso, P. Cloetens, J. Baruchel, J. Hartwig, T. Mairs, J. C. Biasci, G. Marot, M. Salomé-Pateyron, and M. Schlenker, "Conserving the coherence and uniformity of third-generation synchrotron radiation beams: the Case of ID19, a ???long??? beamline at the ESRF," J. Synchrotron Rad. 5, 1243-1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Blob, R. W.

M. W. Westneat, O. Betz, R. W. Blob, K. Fezzaa, W. J. Cooper, and W.-K. Lee, "Tracheal respiration in insects visualized with synchrotron X-ray imaging," Science 299, 558-560 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bortel, G.

J. P. Sutter, E. E. Alp, M. Y. Hu, P. L. Lee, H. Sinn, W. Sturhahn, T. S. Toellner, G. Bortel, and R. Colella, "Multiple-beam x-ray diffraction near exact backscattering in silicon," Phys. Rev. B 63, art. no. 094111 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bravin, A.

F. Arfelli, A. Bravin, G. Barbiellini, G. Cantarore, E. Castelli, M. Di Michiel, P. Poropat, R. Rosei, M. Sessa, A. Vacchi, L. Dalla Palma, R. Longo, S. Bernstorff, A. Savoia, and G. Tromba, "Digital mammography with synchrotron radiation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 1325-1328 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Buffiere, J. Y.

J. Baruchel, J. Y. Buffiere, P. Cloetens, M. Di Michiel, E. Ferrie, W. Ludwig, E. Marie, and L. Salvo, "Advances in synchrotron radiation microtomography," Scr. Mater. 55, 41-46 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Cloetens, M. Pateyron-Salome, J. Y. Buffiere, G. Peix, J. Baruchel, F. Peyrin, and M. Schlenker, "Observation of microstructure and damage in materials by phase sensitive radiography and tomography," J. Appl. Phys. 81, 5878-5886 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bunk, O.

F. Pfeifer, T. Weitkamp, O. Bunk, and C. David, "Phase retrieval and differential phase-contrast imaging with low-brilliance X-ray sources," Nat. Phys. 2, 258-261 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Burns, C.

R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, C. Burns, W. C. Thomlinson, L. D. Chapman, F. Arfelli, N. F. Gmur, Z. Zhong, and D. Sayers, "Mammographic phantom studies with synchrotron radiation," Radiology 200, 659-663 (1996).
[PubMed]

Cantarore, G.

F. Arfelli, A. Bravin, G. Barbiellini, G. Cantarore, E. Castelli, M. Di Michiel, P. Poropat, R. Rosei, M. Sessa, A. Vacchi, L. Dalla Palma, R. Longo, S. Bernstorff, A. Savoia, and G. Tromba, "Digital mammography with synchrotron radiation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 1325-1328 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Castelli, E.

F. Arfelli, A. Bravin, G. Barbiellini, G. Cantarore, E. Castelli, M. Di Michiel, P. Poropat, R. Rosei, M. Sessa, A. Vacchi, L. Dalla Palma, R. Longo, S. Bernstorff, A. Savoia, and G. Tromba, "Digital mammography with synchrotron radiation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 1325-1328 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Caticha, A.

A. Caticha and S. Caticha-Ellis, "Dynamical theory of x-ray diffraction at Bragg angles near pi/2," Phys. Rev. B 25, 971-982 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Caticha-Ellis, S.

A. Caticha and S. Caticha-Ellis, "Dynamical theory of x-ray diffraction at Bragg angles near pi/2," Phys. Rev. B 25, 971-982 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Chaimanee, Y.

Y. Chaimanee, D. Jolly, M. Benammi, P. Tafforeau, D. Duzer, I. Moussa, and J. J. Jaeger, "A Middle Miocene hominoid from Thailand and orangutan origins," Nature 422, 61-65 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, S. L.

S. L. Chang, Y. P. Stetsko, M. T. Tang, Y. R. Lee, W. H. Sun, M. Yabashi, and T. Ishikawa, "X-ray resonance in crystal cavities: realization of fabry-perot resonator for hard x-rays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, art. no. 174801 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chapman, L. D.

R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, C. Burns, W. C. Thomlinson, L. D. Chapman, F. Arfelli, N. F. Gmur, Z. Zhong, and D. Sayers, "Mammographic phantom studies with synchrotron radiation," Radiology 200, 659-663 (1996).
[PubMed]

Cloetens, P.

J. Baruchel, J. Y. Buffiere, P. Cloetens, M. Di Michiel, E. Ferrie, W. Ludwig, E. Marie, and L. Salvo, "Advances in synchrotron radiation microtomography," Scr. Mater. 55, 41-46 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Espeso, P. Cloetens, J. Baruchel, J. Hartwig, T. Mairs, J. C. Biasci, G. Marot, M. Salomé-Pateyron, and M. Schlenker, "Conserving the coherence and uniformity of third-generation synchrotron radiation beams: the Case of ID19, a ???long??? beamline at the ESRF," J. Synchrotron Rad. 5, 1243-1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Cloetens, M. Pateyron-Salome, J. Y. Buffiere, G. Peix, J. Baruchel, F. Peyrin, and M. Schlenker, "Observation of microstructure and damage in materials by phase sensitive radiography and tomography," J. Appl. Phys. 81, 5878-5886 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Colella, R.

M. Y. Hu, H. Sinn, A. Alatas, W. Sturhahn, E. E. Alp, H. -C. Wille, Yu. V. Shvyd???ko, J. P. Sutter, J. Bandaru, E. E. Haller, V. I. Ozhgin, S. Rodriguez, R. Colella, E. Kartheuser, and M. A. Villeret, "Effect of isotopic composition on the lattice parameter of germanium measured by x-ray backscattering," Phys. Rev. B 67, art. no. 113306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Sutter, E. E. Alp, M. Y. Hu, P. L. Lee, H. Sinn, W. Sturhahn, T. S. Toellner, G. Bortel, and R. Colella, "Multiple-beam x-ray diffraction near exact backscattering in silicon," Phys. Rev. B 63, art. no. 094111 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cooper, W. J.

M. W. Westneat, O. Betz, R. W. Blob, K. Fezzaa, W. J. Cooper, and W.-K. Lee, "Tracheal respiration in insects visualized with synchrotron X-ray imaging," Science 299, 558-560 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cunningham, J. A.

P.C. J. Donogue, S. Bengston, X.-P. Dong, N. J. Gostling, T. Huldtgren, J. A. Cunningham, C. Yin, Z. Yue, F. Peng, and M. Stampanoni, "Synchrotron x-ray tomographic microscopy of fossil embryos," Nature 442, 680-683 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cusatis, C.

M. G. Hönnicke and C. Cusatis, "Analyzer-based x-ray phase contrast microscopy combining channel-cut and asymmetrically-cut crystals," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, art. No. 113708 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Giles, C. Adriano, A. F. Lubambo, C. Cusatis, I. Mazzaro, and M. G. Hönnicke, "Diamond thermal expansion measurement using transmitted x-ray back-diffraction," J. Synchr. Rad. 12, 349-353 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Hönnicke, L. A. Foerster, M. A. Navarro-Silva, R. H. Menk, L. Rigon, and C. Cusatis, "Preliminary studies of enhanced contrast radiography in anatomy and embryology of insects with Elettra synchrotron light," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 548, 207-212 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Hönnicke, G. Kellerman, H. S. Rocha, C. Giles, G. Tirao, I. Mazzaro, R. T. Lopes, and C. Cusatis, "Enhanced contrast radiography with channel-cut crystals at LNLS," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, art. no.093703 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Hönnicke, E. M. Kakuno, I. Mazzaro, and C. Cusatis, "A new method to detect an x-ray diffracted beam at an angle of 90º," J. Appl. Cryst. 37, 451-454 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Cusatis, D. Udron, I. Mazzaro, C. Giles, and H. Tolentino, "X-ray back-diffraction profiles with an Si(111) plate," Acta Cryst. A 52, 614-620 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dalla Palma, L.

F. Arfelli, A. Bravin, G. Barbiellini, G. Cantarore, E. Castelli, M. Di Michiel, P. Poropat, R. Rosei, M. Sessa, A. Vacchi, L. Dalla Palma, R. Longo, S. Bernstorff, A. Savoia, and G. Tromba, "Digital mammography with synchrotron radiation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 1325-1328 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dammer, J.

J. Jakubek, C. Granja, J. Dammer, R. Hanus, T. Holy, S. Pospisil, R. Tykva, J. Uher, and Z. Vykydal. "Phase contrast enhanced high resolution x-ray imaging and tomography of soft tissue," Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 571, 69-72 (2007).
[CrossRef]

David, C.

F. Pfeifer, T. Weitkamp, O. Bunk, and C. David, "Phase retrieval and differential phase-contrast imaging with low-brilliance X-ray sources," Nat. Phys. 2, 258-261 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Davis, T. J.

T. J. Davis, D. Gao, T. E. Gureyev, A. W. Stevenson, and S. W. Wilkins, "Phase-contrast imaging of weakly absorbing materials using hard x-rays," Nature 373, 595-598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Di Michiel, M.

J. Baruchel, J. Y. Buffiere, P. Cloetens, M. Di Michiel, E. Ferrie, W. Ludwig, E. Marie, and L. Salvo, "Advances in synchrotron radiation microtomography," Scr. Mater. 55, 41-46 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Arfelli, A. Bravin, G. Barbiellini, G. Cantarore, E. Castelli, M. Di Michiel, P. Poropat, R. Rosei, M. Sessa, A. Vacchi, L. Dalla Palma, R. Longo, S. Bernstorff, A. Savoia, and G. Tromba, "Digital mammography with synchrotron radiation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 1325-1328 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X.-P.

P.C. J. Donogue, S. Bengston, X.-P. Dong, N. J. Gostling, T. Huldtgren, J. A. Cunningham, C. Yin, Z. Yue, F. Peng, and M. Stampanoni, "Synchrotron x-ray tomographic microscopy of fossil embryos," Nature 442, 680-683 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Donogue, P.C. J.

P.C. J. Donogue, S. Bengston, X.-P. Dong, N. J. Gostling, T. Huldtgren, J. A. Cunningham, C. Yin, Z. Yue, F. Peng, and M. Stampanoni, "Synchrotron x-ray tomographic microscopy of fossil embryos," Nature 442, 680-683 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Drakopoulos, M.

A. Souvorov, M. Drakopoulos, I. Snigireva, and A. Snigirev, "Asymmetrically cut crystals as optical elements for coherent x-ray beam conditioning," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 32, A184-A192 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Duzer, D.

Y. Chaimanee, D. Jolly, M. Benammi, P. Tafforeau, D. Duzer, I. Moussa, and J. J. Jaeger, "A Middle Miocene hominoid from Thailand and orangutan origins," Nature 422, 61-65 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Espeso, J. I.

J. I. Espeso, P. Cloetens, J. Baruchel, J. Hartwig, T. Mairs, J. C. Biasci, G. Marot, M. Salomé-Pateyron, and M. Schlenker, "Conserving the coherence and uniformity of third-generation synchrotron radiation beams: the Case of ID19, a ???long??? beamline at the ESRF," J. Synchrotron Rad. 5, 1243-1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ferrie, E.

J. Baruchel, J. Y. Buffiere, P. Cloetens, M. Di Michiel, E. Ferrie, W. Ludwig, E. Marie, and L. Salvo, "Advances in synchrotron radiation microtomography," Scr. Mater. 55, 41-46 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fezzaa, K.

M. W. Westneat, O. Betz, R. W. Blob, K. Fezzaa, W. J. Cooper, and W.-K. Lee, "Tracheal respiration in insects visualized with synchrotron X-ray imaging," Science 299, 558-560 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Foerster, L. A.

M. G. Hönnicke, L. A. Foerster, M. A. Navarro-Silva, R. H. Menk, L. Rigon, and C. Cusatis, "Preliminary studies of enhanced contrast radiography in anatomy and embryology of insects with Elettra synchrotron light," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 548, 207-212 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Förster, E.

E. Förster, K. Goetz K, and P. Zaumseil, "Double crystal diffractometry for the characterization of targets for laser fusion experiments," Krist. Tech. 15, 937-945 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Furukawa, A.

T. Tanaka, C. Honda, S. Matsue, K. Noma, H. Ohara, N. Nitta, S. Ota, K. Tsuchiya, A. Yamada, M. Yamasaki, A. Furukawa, M. Takahashi, and K. Murata, "The first trial of phase contrast imaging for digital full-field mammography using a practical molybdenum x-ray tube," Invest. Radiol. 40, 385-396 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gao, D.

S. W. Wilkins, T. E. Gureyev, D. Gao, A. Pogany, and A. W. Stevenson, "Phase-contrast imaging using polychromatic hard X-rays," Nature 384, 335-338 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Davis, D. Gao, T. E. Gureyev, A. W. Stevenson, and S. W. Wilkins, "Phase-contrast imaging of weakly absorbing materials using hard x-rays," Nature 373, 595-598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gerdau, E.

Y. V. Shvyd???ko, M. Lerche, W. C. Wille, E. Gerdau, M. Lucht, H. D. Ruter, E. E. Alp, and R. Khachatryan, "X-ray interferometry with microelectronvolt resolution," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, art. no. 013904 (2003).
[PubMed]

H. C. Wille, Y. V. Shvyd???ko, E. Gerdau, M. Lerche, M. Lucht, H. D. Ruter, and J. Zegenhagen, "Anomalous isotopic effect on the lattice parameter of silicon," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, art. no. 285901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Giles, C.

M. G. Hönnicke, G. Kellerman, H. S. Rocha, C. Giles, G. Tirao, I. Mazzaro, R. T. Lopes, and C. Cusatis, "Enhanced contrast radiography with channel-cut crystals at LNLS," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, art. no.093703 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Giles, C. Adriano, A. F. Lubambo, C. Cusatis, I. Mazzaro, and M. G. Hönnicke, "Diamond thermal expansion measurement using transmitted x-ray back-diffraction," J. Synchr. Rad. 12, 349-353 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Cusatis, D. Udron, I. Mazzaro, C. Giles, and H. Tolentino, "X-ray back-diffraction profiles with an Si(111) plate," Acta Cryst. A 52, 614-620 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gmur, N. F.

R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, C. Burns, W. C. Thomlinson, L. D. Chapman, F. Arfelli, N. F. Gmur, Z. Zhong, and D. Sayers, "Mammographic phantom studies with synchrotron radiation," Radiology 200, 659-663 (1996).
[PubMed]

Gostling, N. J.

P.C. J. Donogue, S. Bengston, X.-P. Dong, N. J. Gostling, T. Huldtgren, J. A. Cunningham, C. Yin, Z. Yue, F. Peng, and M. Stampanoni, "Synchrotron x-ray tomographic microscopy of fossil embryos," Nature 442, 680-683 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Granja, C.

J. Jakubek, C. Granja, J. Dammer, R. Hanus, T. Holy, S. Pospisil, R. Tykva, J. Uher, and Z. Vykydal. "Phase contrast enhanced high resolution x-ray imaging and tomography of soft tissue," Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 571, 69-72 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gureyev, T. E.

S. W. Wilkins, T. E. Gureyev, D. Gao, A. Pogany, and A. W. Stevenson, "Phase-contrast imaging using polychromatic hard X-rays," Nature 384, 335-338 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Davis, D. Gao, T. E. Gureyev, A. W. Stevenson, and S. W. Wilkins, "Phase-contrast imaging of weakly absorbing materials using hard x-rays," Nature 373, 595-598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Haller, E. E.

M. Y. Hu, H. Sinn, A. Alatas, W. Sturhahn, E. E. Alp, H. -C. Wille, Yu. V. Shvyd???ko, J. P. Sutter, J. Bandaru, E. E. Haller, V. I. Ozhgin, S. Rodriguez, R. Colella, E. Kartheuser, and M. A. Villeret, "Effect of isotopic composition on the lattice parameter of germanium measured by x-ray backscattering," Phys. Rev. B 67, art. no. 113306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hanus, R.

J. Jakubek, C. Granja, J. Dammer, R. Hanus, T. Holy, S. Pospisil, R. Tykva, J. Uher, and Z. Vykydal. "Phase contrast enhanced high resolution x-ray imaging and tomography of soft tissue," Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 571, 69-72 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hartwig, J.

J. I. Espeso, P. Cloetens, J. Baruchel, J. Hartwig, T. Mairs, J. C. Biasci, G. Marot, M. Salomé-Pateyron, and M. Schlenker, "Conserving the coherence and uniformity of third-generation synchrotron radiation beams: the Case of ID19, a ???long??? beamline at the ESRF," J. Synchrotron Rad. 5, 1243-1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Holy, T.

J. Jakubek, C. Granja, J. Dammer, R. Hanus, T. Holy, S. Pospisil, R. Tykva, J. Uher, and Z. Vykydal. "Phase contrast enhanced high resolution x-ray imaging and tomography of soft tissue," Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 571, 69-72 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Honda, C.

T. Tanaka, C. Honda, S. Matsue, K. Noma, H. Ohara, N. Nitta, S. Ota, K. Tsuchiya, A. Yamada, M. Yamasaki, A. Furukawa, M. Takahashi, and K. Murata, "The first trial of phase contrast imaging for digital full-field mammography using a practical molybdenum x-ray tube," Invest. Radiol. 40, 385-396 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hönnicke, M. G.

M. G. Hönnicke and C. Cusatis, "Analyzer-based x-ray phase contrast microscopy combining channel-cut and asymmetrically-cut crystals," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, art. No. 113708 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Giles, C. Adriano, A. F. Lubambo, C. Cusatis, I. Mazzaro, and M. G. Hönnicke, "Diamond thermal expansion measurement using transmitted x-ray back-diffraction," J. Synchr. Rad. 12, 349-353 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Hönnicke, G. Kellerman, H. S. Rocha, C. Giles, G. Tirao, I. Mazzaro, R. T. Lopes, and C. Cusatis, "Enhanced contrast radiography with channel-cut crystals at LNLS," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, art. no.093703 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Hönnicke, L. A. Foerster, M. A. Navarro-Silva, R. H. Menk, L. Rigon, and C. Cusatis, "Preliminary studies of enhanced contrast radiography in anatomy and embryology of insects with Elettra synchrotron light," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 548, 207-212 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Hönnicke, E. M. Kakuno, I. Mazzaro, and C. Cusatis, "A new method to detect an x-ray diffracted beam at an angle of 90º," J. Appl. Cryst. 37, 451-454 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hu, M. Y.

M. Y. Hu, H. Sinn, A. Alatas, W. Sturhahn, E. E. Alp, H. -C. Wille, Yu. V. Shvyd???ko, J. P. Sutter, J. Bandaru, E. E. Haller, V. I. Ozhgin, S. Rodriguez, R. Colella, E. Kartheuser, and M. A. Villeret, "Effect of isotopic composition on the lattice parameter of germanium measured by x-ray backscattering," Phys. Rev. B 67, art. no. 113306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Sutter, E. E. Alp, M. Y. Hu, P. L. Lee, H. Sinn, W. Sturhahn, T. S. Toellner, G. Bortel, and R. Colella, "Multiple-beam x-ray diffraction near exact backscattering in silicon," Phys. Rev. B 63, art. no. 094111 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Huldtgren, T.

P.C. J. Donogue, S. Bengston, X.-P. Dong, N. J. Gostling, T. Huldtgren, J. A. Cunningham, C. Yin, Z. Yue, F. Peng, and M. Stampanoni, "Synchrotron x-ray tomographic microscopy of fossil embryos," Nature 442, 680-683 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, T.

S. L. Chang, Y. P. Stetsko, M. T. Tang, Y. R. Lee, W. H. Sun, M. Yabashi, and T. Ishikawa, "X-ray resonance in crystal cavities: realization of fabry-perot resonator for hard x-rays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, art. no. 174801 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jaeger, J. J.

Y. Chaimanee, D. Jolly, M. Benammi, P. Tafforeau, D. Duzer, I. Moussa, and J. J. Jaeger, "A Middle Miocene hominoid from Thailand and orangutan origins," Nature 422, 61-65 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jakubek, J.

J. Jakubek, C. Granja, J. Dammer, R. Hanus, T. Holy, S. Pospisil, R. Tykva, J. Uher, and Z. Vykydal. "Phase contrast enhanced high resolution x-ray imaging and tomography of soft tissue," Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 571, 69-72 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Johnston, R. E.

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F. Arfelli, A. Bravin, G. Barbiellini, G. Cantarore, E. Castelli, M. Di Michiel, P. Poropat, R. Rosei, M. Sessa, A. Vacchi, L. Dalla Palma, R. Longo, S. Bernstorff, A. Savoia, and G. Tromba, "Digital mammography with synchrotron radiation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 1325-1328 (1995).
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M. G. Hönnicke, G. Kellerman, H. S. Rocha, C. Giles, G. Tirao, I. Mazzaro, R. T. Lopes, and C. Cusatis, "Enhanced contrast radiography with channel-cut crystals at LNLS," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, art. no.093703 (2005).
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C. Giles, C. Adriano, A. F. Lubambo, C. Cusatis, I. Mazzaro, and M. G. Hönnicke, "Diamond thermal expansion measurement using transmitted x-ray back-diffraction," J. Synchr. Rad. 12, 349-353 (2005).
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P. Modregger, D. Lubbert, P. Schafer, and R. Kohler, "Magnified x-ray phase imaging using asymmetric Bragg reflection: Experimental and theory," Phys. Rev. B 74, art. no. 054107 (2006).
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Y. V. Shvyd???ko, M. Lerche, W. C. Wille, E. Gerdau, M. Lucht, H. D. Ruter, E. E. Alp, and R. Khachatryan, "X-ray interferometry with microelectronvolt resolution," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, art. no. 013904 (2003).
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J. I. Espeso, P. Cloetens, J. Baruchel, J. Hartwig, T. Mairs, J. C. Biasci, G. Marot, M. Salomé-Pateyron, and M. Schlenker, "Conserving the coherence and uniformity of third-generation synchrotron radiation beams: the Case of ID19, a ???long??? beamline at the ESRF," J. Synchrotron Rad. 5, 1243-1249 (1998).
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J. Baruchel, J. Y. Buffiere, P. Cloetens, M. Di Michiel, E. Ferrie, W. Ludwig, E. Marie, and L. Salvo, "Advances in synchrotron radiation microtomography," Scr. Mater. 55, 41-46 (2006).
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M. G. Hönnicke, G. Kellerman, H. S. Rocha, C. Giles, G. Tirao, I. Mazzaro, R. T. Lopes, and C. Cusatis, "Enhanced contrast radiography with channel-cut crystals at LNLS," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, art. no.093703 (2005).
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M. G. Hönnicke, E. M. Kakuno, I. Mazzaro, and C. Cusatis, "A new method to detect an x-ray diffracted beam at an angle of 90º," J. Appl. Cryst. 37, 451-454 (2004).
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M. G. Hönnicke, L. A. Foerster, M. A. Navarro-Silva, R. H. Menk, L. Rigon, and C. Cusatis, "Preliminary studies of enhanced contrast radiography in anatomy and embryology of insects with Elettra synchrotron light," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 548, 207-212 (2005).
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P. Modregger, D. Lubbert, P. Schafer, and R. Kohler, "Magnified x-ray phase imaging using asymmetric Bragg reflection: Experimental and theory," Phys. Rev. B 74, art. no. 054107 (2006).
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A. Antunes, A. M. V. Safatle, P. S. M. Barros, and S.L. Morelhão, "X-ray imaging in advanced studies of ophthalmic diseases," Med. Phys. 33, 2338-2343 (2006).
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Y. Chaimanee, D. Jolly, M. Benammi, P. Tafforeau, D. Duzer, I. Moussa, and J. J. Jaeger, "A Middle Miocene hominoid from Thailand and orangutan origins," Nature 422, 61-65 (2003).
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K. Munakata and A. Okazaki, "Ultra-high-angle double crystal x-ray diffraction (U-HADOX) for determining a change in the lattice spacing: experiment," Acta Cryst. A 60, 33-39 (2004).
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M. G. Hönnicke, L. A. Foerster, M. A. Navarro-Silva, R. H. Menk, L. Rigon, and C. Cusatis, "Preliminary studies of enhanced contrast radiography in anatomy and embryology of insects with Elettra synchrotron light," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 548, 207-212 (2005).
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K. Munakata and A. Okazaki, "Ultra-high-angle double crystal x-ray diffraction (U-HADOX) for determining a change in the lattice spacing: experiment," Acta Cryst. A 60, 33-39 (2004).
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T. Tanaka, C. Honda, S. Matsue, K. Noma, H. Ohara, N. Nitta, S. Ota, K. Tsuchiya, A. Yamada, M. Yamasaki, A. Furukawa, M. Takahashi, and K. Murata, "The first trial of phase contrast imaging for digital full-field mammography using a practical molybdenum x-ray tube," Invest. Radiol. 40, 385-396 (2005).
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M. Y. Hu, H. Sinn, A. Alatas, W. Sturhahn, E. E. Alp, H. -C. Wille, Yu. V. Shvyd???ko, J. P. Sutter, J. Bandaru, E. E. Haller, V. I. Ozhgin, S. Rodriguez, R. Colella, E. Kartheuser, and M. A. Villeret, "Effect of isotopic composition on the lattice parameter of germanium measured by x-ray backscattering," Phys. Rev. B 67, art. no. 113306 (2003).
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P. Cloetens, M. Pateyron-Salome, J. Y. Buffiere, G. Peix, J. Baruchel, F. Peyrin, and M. Schlenker, "Observation of microstructure and damage in materials by phase sensitive radiography and tomography," J. Appl. Phys. 81, 5878-5886 (1997).
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P. Cloetens, M. Pateyron-Salome, J. Y. Buffiere, G. Peix, J. Baruchel, F. Peyrin, and M. Schlenker, "Observation of microstructure and damage in materials by phase sensitive radiography and tomography," J. Appl. Phys. 81, 5878-5886 (1997).
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M. G. Hönnicke, L. A. Foerster, M. A. Navarro-Silva, R. H. Menk, L. Rigon, and C. Cusatis, "Preliminary studies of enhanced contrast radiography in anatomy and embryology of insects with Elettra synchrotron light," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 548, 207-212 (2005).
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M. G. Hönnicke, G. Kellerman, H. S. Rocha, C. Giles, G. Tirao, I. Mazzaro, R. T. Lopes, and C. Cusatis, "Enhanced contrast radiography with channel-cut crystals at LNLS," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, art. no.093703 (2005).
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M. Y. Hu, H. Sinn, A. Alatas, W. Sturhahn, E. E. Alp, H. -C. Wille, Yu. V. Shvyd???ko, J. P. Sutter, J. Bandaru, E. E. Haller, V. I. Ozhgin, S. Rodriguez, R. Colella, E. Kartheuser, and M. A. Villeret, "Effect of isotopic composition on the lattice parameter of germanium measured by x-ray backscattering," Phys. Rev. B 67, art. no. 113306 (2003).
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F. Arfelli, A. Bravin, G. Barbiellini, G. Cantarore, E. Castelli, M. Di Michiel, P. Poropat, R. Rosei, M. Sessa, A. Vacchi, L. Dalla Palma, R. Longo, S. Bernstorff, A. Savoia, and G. Tromba, "Digital mammography with synchrotron radiation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 1325-1328 (1995).
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Y. V. Shvyd???ko, M. Lerche, W. C. Wille, E. Gerdau, M. Lucht, H. D. Ruter, E. E. Alp, and R. Khachatryan, "X-ray interferometry with microelectronvolt resolution," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, art. no. 013904 (2003).
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H. C. Wille, Y. V. Shvyd???ko, E. Gerdau, M. Lerche, M. Lucht, H. D. Ruter, and J. Zegenhagen, "Anomalous isotopic effect on the lattice parameter of silicon," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, art. no. 285901 (2002).
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A. Antunes, A. M. V. Safatle, P. S. M. Barros, and S.L. Morelhão, "X-ray imaging in advanced studies of ophthalmic diseases," Med. Phys. 33, 2338-2343 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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J. I. Espeso, P. Cloetens, J. Baruchel, J. Hartwig, T. Mairs, J. C. Biasci, G. Marot, M. Salomé-Pateyron, and M. Schlenker, "Conserving the coherence and uniformity of third-generation synchrotron radiation beams: the Case of ID19, a ???long??? beamline at the ESRF," J. Synchrotron Rad. 5, 1243-1249 (1998).
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J. Baruchel, J. Y. Buffiere, P. Cloetens, M. Di Michiel, E. Ferrie, W. Ludwig, E. Marie, and L. Salvo, "Advances in synchrotron radiation microtomography," Scr. Mater. 55, 41-46 (2006).
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F. Arfelli, A. Bravin, G. Barbiellini, G. Cantarore, E. Castelli, M. Di Michiel, P. Poropat, R. Rosei, M. Sessa, A. Vacchi, L. Dalla Palma, R. Longo, S. Bernstorff, A. Savoia, and G. Tromba, "Digital mammography with synchrotron radiation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 1325-1328 (1995).
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R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, C. Burns, W. C. Thomlinson, L. D. Chapman, F. Arfelli, N. F. Gmur, Z. Zhong, and D. Sayers, "Mammographic phantom studies with synchrotron radiation," Radiology 200, 659-663 (1996).
[PubMed]

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P. Modregger, D. Lubbert, P. Schafer, and R. Kohler, "Magnified x-ray phase imaging using asymmetric Bragg reflection: Experimental and theory," Phys. Rev. B 74, art. no. 054107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, V. Kohn, S. Kuznetsov, and I. Schelokov, "On the possibilities of x-ray phase contrast microimaging by coherent high-energy synchrotron radiation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 5486-5492 (1995).
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J. I. Espeso, P. Cloetens, J. Baruchel, J. Hartwig, T. Mairs, J. C. Biasci, G. Marot, M. Salomé-Pateyron, and M. Schlenker, "Conserving the coherence and uniformity of third-generation synchrotron radiation beams: the Case of ID19, a ???long??? beamline at the ESRF," J. Synchrotron Rad. 5, 1243-1249 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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F. Arfelli, A. Bravin, G. Barbiellini, G. Cantarore, E. Castelli, M. Di Michiel, P. Poropat, R. Rosei, M. Sessa, A. Vacchi, L. Dalla Palma, R. Longo, S. Bernstorff, A. Savoia, and G. Tromba, "Digital mammography with synchrotron radiation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 1325-1328 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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Y. V. Shvyd???ko, M. Lerche, W. C. Wille, E. Gerdau, M. Lucht, H. D. Ruter, E. E. Alp, and R. Khachatryan, "X-ray interferometry with microelectronvolt resolution," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, art. no. 013904 (2003).
[PubMed]

H. C. Wille, Y. V. Shvyd???ko, E. Gerdau, M. Lerche, M. Lucht, H. D. Ruter, and J. Zegenhagen, "Anomalous isotopic effect on the lattice parameter of silicon," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, art. no. 285901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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M. Y. Hu, H. Sinn, A. Alatas, W. Sturhahn, E. E. Alp, H. -C. Wille, Yu. V. Shvyd???ko, J. P. Sutter, J. Bandaru, E. E. Haller, V. I. Ozhgin, S. Rodriguez, R. Colella, E. Kartheuser, and M. A. Villeret, "Effect of isotopic composition on the lattice parameter of germanium measured by x-ray backscattering," Phys. Rev. B 67, art. no. 113306 (2003).
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M. Y. Hu, H. Sinn, A. Alatas, W. Sturhahn, E. E. Alp, H. -C. Wille, Yu. V. Shvyd???ko, J. P. Sutter, J. Bandaru, E. E. Haller, V. I. Ozhgin, S. Rodriguez, R. Colella, E. Kartheuser, and M. A. Villeret, "Effect of isotopic composition on the lattice parameter of germanium measured by x-ray backscattering," Phys. Rev. B 67, art. no. 113306 (2003).
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J. P. Sutter, E. E. Alp, M. Y. Hu, P. L. Lee, H. Sinn, W. Sturhahn, T. S. Toellner, G. Bortel, and R. Colella, "Multiple-beam x-ray diffraction near exact backscattering in silicon," Phys. Rev. B 63, art. no. 094111 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Snigirev, A.

A. Souvorov, M. Drakopoulos, I. Snigireva, and A. Snigirev, "Asymmetrically cut crystals as optical elements for coherent x-ray beam conditioning," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 32, A184-A192 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, V. Kohn, S. Kuznetsov, and I. Schelokov, "On the possibilities of x-ray phase contrast microimaging by coherent high-energy synchrotron radiation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 5486-5492 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Snigireva, I.

A. Souvorov, M. Drakopoulos, I. Snigireva, and A. Snigirev, "Asymmetrically cut crystals as optical elements for coherent x-ray beam conditioning," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 32, A184-A192 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, V. Kohn, S. Kuznetsov, and I. Schelokov, "On the possibilities of x-ray phase contrast microimaging by coherent high-energy synchrotron radiation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 5486-5492 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Souvorov, A.

A. Souvorov, M. Drakopoulos, I. Snigireva, and A. Snigirev, "Asymmetrically cut crystals as optical elements for coherent x-ray beam conditioning," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 32, A184-A192 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stampanoni, M.

P.C. J. Donogue, S. Bengston, X.-P. Dong, N. J. Gostling, T. Huldtgren, J. A. Cunningham, C. Yin, Z. Yue, F. Peng, and M. Stampanoni, "Synchrotron x-ray tomographic microscopy of fossil embryos," Nature 442, 680-683 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stetsko, Y. P.

S. L. Chang, Y. P. Stetsko, M. T. Tang, Y. R. Lee, W. H. Sun, M. Yabashi, and T. Ishikawa, "X-ray resonance in crystal cavities: realization of fabry-perot resonator for hard x-rays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, art. no. 174801 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stevenson, A. W.

S. W. Wilkins, T. E. Gureyev, D. Gao, A. Pogany, and A. W. Stevenson, "Phase-contrast imaging using polychromatic hard X-rays," Nature 384, 335-338 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Davis, D. Gao, T. E. Gureyev, A. W. Stevenson, and S. W. Wilkins, "Phase-contrast imaging of weakly absorbing materials using hard x-rays," Nature 373, 595-598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sturhahn, W.

M. Y. Hu, H. Sinn, A. Alatas, W. Sturhahn, E. E. Alp, H. -C. Wille, Yu. V. Shvyd???ko, J. P. Sutter, J. Bandaru, E. E. Haller, V. I. Ozhgin, S. Rodriguez, R. Colella, E. Kartheuser, and M. A. Villeret, "Effect of isotopic composition on the lattice parameter of germanium measured by x-ray backscattering," Phys. Rev. B 67, art. no. 113306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Sutter, E. E. Alp, M. Y. Hu, P. L. Lee, H. Sinn, W. Sturhahn, T. S. Toellner, G. Bortel, and R. Colella, "Multiple-beam x-ray diffraction near exact backscattering in silicon," Phys. Rev. B 63, art. no. 094111 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sun, W. H.

S. L. Chang, Y. P. Stetsko, M. T. Tang, Y. R. Lee, W. H. Sun, M. Yabashi, and T. Ishikawa, "X-ray resonance in crystal cavities: realization of fabry-perot resonator for hard x-rays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, art. no. 174801 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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M. Y. Hu, H. Sinn, A. Alatas, W. Sturhahn, E. E. Alp, H. -C. Wille, Yu. V. Shvyd???ko, J. P. Sutter, J. Bandaru, E. E. Haller, V. I. Ozhgin, S. Rodriguez, R. Colella, E. Kartheuser, and M. A. Villeret, "Effect of isotopic composition on the lattice parameter of germanium measured by x-ray backscattering," Phys. Rev. B 67, art. no. 113306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Sutter, E. E. Alp, M. Y. Hu, P. L. Lee, H. Sinn, W. Sturhahn, T. S. Toellner, G. Bortel, and R. Colella, "Multiple-beam x-ray diffraction near exact backscattering in silicon," Phys. Rev. B 63, art. no. 094111 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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Y. Chaimanee, D. Jolly, M. Benammi, P. Tafforeau, D. Duzer, I. Moussa, and J. J. Jaeger, "A Middle Miocene hominoid from Thailand and orangutan origins," Nature 422, 61-65 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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T. Tanaka, C. Honda, S. Matsue, K. Noma, H. Ohara, N. Nitta, S. Ota, K. Tsuchiya, A. Yamada, M. Yamasaki, A. Furukawa, M. Takahashi, and K. Murata, "The first trial of phase contrast imaging for digital full-field mammography using a practical molybdenum x-ray tube," Invest. Radiol. 40, 385-396 (2005).
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T. Tanaka, C. Honda, S. Matsue, K. Noma, H. Ohara, N. Nitta, S. Ota, K. Tsuchiya, A. Yamada, M. Yamasaki, A. Furukawa, M. Takahashi, and K. Murata, "The first trial of phase contrast imaging for digital full-field mammography using a practical molybdenum x-ray tube," Invest. Radiol. 40, 385-396 (2005).
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S. L. Chang, Y. P. Stetsko, M. T. Tang, Y. R. Lee, W. H. Sun, M. Yabashi, and T. Ishikawa, "X-ray resonance in crystal cavities: realization of fabry-perot resonator for hard x-rays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, art. no. 174801 (2005).
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R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, C. Burns, W. C. Thomlinson, L. D. Chapman, F. Arfelli, N. F. Gmur, Z. Zhong, and D. Sayers, "Mammographic phantom studies with synchrotron radiation," Radiology 200, 659-663 (1996).
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C. Cusatis, D. Udron, I. Mazzaro, C. Giles, and H. Tolentino, "X-ray back-diffraction profiles with an Si(111) plate," Acta Cryst. A 52, 614-620 (1996).
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T. Tanaka, C. Honda, S. Matsue, K. Noma, H. Ohara, N. Nitta, S. Ota, K. Tsuchiya, A. Yamada, M. Yamasaki, A. Furukawa, M. Takahashi, and K. Murata, "The first trial of phase contrast imaging for digital full-field mammography using a practical molybdenum x-ray tube," Invest. Radiol. 40, 385-396 (2005).
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J. Jakubek, C. Granja, J. Dammer, R. Hanus, T. Holy, S. Pospisil, R. Tykva, J. Uher, and Z. Vykydal. "Phase contrast enhanced high resolution x-ray imaging and tomography of soft tissue," Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 571, 69-72 (2007).
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C. Cusatis, D. Udron, I. Mazzaro, C. Giles, and H. Tolentino, "X-ray back-diffraction profiles with an Si(111) plate," Acta Cryst. A 52, 614-620 (1996).
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J. Jakubek, C. Granja, J. Dammer, R. Hanus, T. Holy, S. Pospisil, R. Tykva, J. Uher, and Z. Vykydal. "Phase contrast enhanced high resolution x-ray imaging and tomography of soft tissue," Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 571, 69-72 (2007).
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M. Y. Hu, H. Sinn, A. Alatas, W. Sturhahn, E. E. Alp, H. -C. Wille, Yu. V. Shvyd???ko, J. P. Sutter, J. Bandaru, E. E. Haller, V. I. Ozhgin, S. Rodriguez, R. Colella, E. Kartheuser, and M. A. Villeret, "Effect of isotopic composition on the lattice parameter of germanium measured by x-ray backscattering," Phys. Rev. B 67, art. no. 113306 (2003).
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J. Jakubek, C. Granja, J. Dammer, R. Hanus, T. Holy, S. Pospisil, R. Tykva, J. Uher, and Z. Vykydal. "Phase contrast enhanced high resolution x-ray imaging and tomography of soft tissue," Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 571, 69-72 (2007).
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Washburn, D.

R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, C. Burns, W. C. Thomlinson, L. D. Chapman, F. Arfelli, N. F. Gmur, Z. Zhong, and D. Sayers, "Mammographic phantom studies with synchrotron radiation," Radiology 200, 659-663 (1996).
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F. Pfeifer, T. Weitkamp, O. Bunk, and C. David, "Phase retrieval and differential phase-contrast imaging with low-brilliance X-ray sources," Nat. Phys. 2, 258-261 (2006).
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S. W. Wilkins, T. E. Gureyev, D. Gao, A. Pogany, and A. W. Stevenson, "Phase-contrast imaging using polychromatic hard X-rays," Nature 384, 335-338 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Davis, D. Gao, T. E. Gureyev, A. W. Stevenson, and S. W. Wilkins, "Phase-contrast imaging of weakly absorbing materials using hard x-rays," Nature 373, 595-598 (1995).
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H. C. Wille, Y. V. Shvyd???ko, E. Gerdau, M. Lerche, M. Lucht, H. D. Ruter, and J. Zegenhagen, "Anomalous isotopic effect on the lattice parameter of silicon," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, art. no. 285901 (2002).
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M. Y. Hu, H. Sinn, A. Alatas, W. Sturhahn, E. E. Alp, H. -C. Wille, Yu. V. Shvyd???ko, J. P. Sutter, J. Bandaru, E. E. Haller, V. I. Ozhgin, S. Rodriguez, R. Colella, E. Kartheuser, and M. A. Villeret, "Effect of isotopic composition on the lattice parameter of germanium measured by x-ray backscattering," Phys. Rev. B 67, art. no. 113306 (2003).
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Y. V. Shvyd???ko, M. Lerche, W. C. Wille, E. Gerdau, M. Lucht, H. D. Ruter, E. E. Alp, and R. Khachatryan, "X-ray interferometry with microelectronvolt resolution," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, art. no. 013904 (2003).
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S. L. Chang, Y. P. Stetsko, M. T. Tang, Y. R. Lee, W. H. Sun, M. Yabashi, and T. Ishikawa, "X-ray resonance in crystal cavities: realization of fabry-perot resonator for hard x-rays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, art. no. 174801 (2005).
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T. Tanaka, C. Honda, S. Matsue, K. Noma, H. Ohara, N. Nitta, S. Ota, K. Tsuchiya, A. Yamada, M. Yamasaki, A. Furukawa, M. Takahashi, and K. Murata, "The first trial of phase contrast imaging for digital full-field mammography using a practical molybdenum x-ray tube," Invest. Radiol. 40, 385-396 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamasaki, M.

T. Tanaka, C. Honda, S. Matsue, K. Noma, H. Ohara, N. Nitta, S. Ota, K. Tsuchiya, A. Yamada, M. Yamasaki, A. Furukawa, M. Takahashi, and K. Murata, "The first trial of phase contrast imaging for digital full-field mammography using a practical molybdenum x-ray tube," Invest. Radiol. 40, 385-396 (2005).
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Yin, C.

P.C. J. Donogue, S. Bengston, X.-P. Dong, N. J. Gostling, T. Huldtgren, J. A. Cunningham, C. Yin, Z. Yue, F. Peng, and M. Stampanoni, "Synchrotron x-ray tomographic microscopy of fossil embryos," Nature 442, 680-683 (2006).
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P.C. J. Donogue, S. Bengston, X.-P. Dong, N. J. Gostling, T. Huldtgren, J. A. Cunningham, C. Yin, Z. Yue, F. Peng, and M. Stampanoni, "Synchrotron x-ray tomographic microscopy of fossil embryos," Nature 442, 680-683 (2006).
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H. C. Wille, Y. V. Shvyd???ko, E. Gerdau, M. Lerche, M. Lucht, H. D. Ruter, and J. Zegenhagen, "Anomalous isotopic effect on the lattice parameter of silicon," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, art. no. 285901 (2002).
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R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, C. Burns, W. C. Thomlinson, L. D. Chapman, F. Arfelli, N. F. Gmur, Z. Zhong, and D. Sayers, "Mammographic phantom studies with synchrotron radiation," Radiology 200, 659-663 (1996).
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Acta Cryst. A (2)

C. Cusatis, D. Udron, I. Mazzaro, C. Giles, and H. Tolentino, "X-ray back-diffraction profiles with an Si(111) plate," Acta Cryst. A 52, 614-620 (1996).
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T. Tanaka, C. Honda, S. Matsue, K. Noma, H. Ohara, N. Nitta, S. Ota, K. Tsuchiya, A. Yamada, M. Yamasaki, A. Furukawa, M. Takahashi, and K. Murata, "The first trial of phase contrast imaging for digital full-field mammography using a practical molybdenum x-ray tube," Invest. Radiol. 40, 385-396 (2005).
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M. G. Hönnicke, E. M. Kakuno, I. Mazzaro, and C. Cusatis, "A new method to detect an x-ray diffracted beam at an angle of 90º," J. Appl. Cryst. 37, 451-454 (2004).
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A. Souvorov, M. Drakopoulos, I. Snigireva, and A. Snigirev, "Asymmetrically cut crystals as optical elements for coherent x-ray beam conditioning," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 32, A184-A192 (1999).
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C. Giles, C. Adriano, A. F. Lubambo, C. Cusatis, I. Mazzaro, and M. G. Hönnicke, "Diamond thermal expansion measurement using transmitted x-ray back-diffraction," J. Synchr. Rad. 12, 349-353 (2005).
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F. Pfeifer, T. Weitkamp, O. Bunk, and C. David, "Phase retrieval and differential phase-contrast imaging with low-brilliance X-ray sources," Nat. Phys. 2, 258-261 (2006).
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Nature (4)

S. W. Wilkins, T. E. Gureyev, D. Gao, A. Pogany, and A. W. Stevenson, "Phase-contrast imaging using polychromatic hard X-rays," Nature 384, 335-338 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Davis, D. Gao, T. E. Gureyev, A. W. Stevenson, and S. W. Wilkins, "Phase-contrast imaging of weakly absorbing materials using hard x-rays," Nature 373, 595-598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chaimanee, D. Jolly, M. Benammi, P. Tafforeau, D. Duzer, I. Moussa, and J. J. Jaeger, "A Middle Miocene hominoid from Thailand and orangutan origins," Nature 422, 61-65 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P.C. J. Donogue, S. Bengston, X.-P. Dong, N. J. Gostling, T. Huldtgren, J. A. Cunningham, C. Yin, Z. Yue, F. Peng, and M. Stampanoni, "Synchrotron x-ray tomographic microscopy of fossil embryos," Nature 442, 680-683 (2006).
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Nucl. Instrum. Methods A (1)

J. Jakubek, C. Granja, J. Dammer, R. Hanus, T. Holy, S. Pospisil, R. Tykva, J. Uher, and Z. Vykydal. "Phase contrast enhanced high resolution x-ray imaging and tomography of soft tissue," Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 571, 69-72 (2007).
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J. P. Sutter, E. E. Alp, M. Y. Hu, P. L. Lee, H. Sinn, W. Sturhahn, T. S. Toellner, G. Bortel, and R. Colella, "Multiple-beam x-ray diffraction near exact backscattering in silicon," Phys. Rev. B 63, art. no. 094111 (2001).
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Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

H. C. Wille, Y. V. Shvyd???ko, E. Gerdau, M. Lerche, M. Lucht, H. D. Ruter, and J. Zegenhagen, "Anomalous isotopic effect on the lattice parameter of silicon," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, art. no. 285901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Chang, Y. P. Stetsko, M. T. Tang, Y. R. Lee, W. H. Sun, M. Yabashi, and T. Ishikawa, "X-ray resonance in crystal cavities: realization of fabry-perot resonator for hard x-rays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, art. no. 174801 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. V. Shvyd???ko, M. Lerche, W. C. Wille, E. Gerdau, M. Lucht, H. D. Ruter, E. E. Alp, and R. Khachatryan, "X-ray interferometry with microelectronvolt resolution," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, art. no. 013904 (2003).
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Radiology (1)

R. E. Johnston, D. Washburn, E. Pisano, C. Burns, W. C. Thomlinson, L. D. Chapman, F. Arfelli, N. F. Gmur, Z. Zhong, and D. Sayers, "Mammographic phantom studies with synchrotron radiation," Radiology 200, 659-663 (1996).
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M. G. Hönnicke and C. Cusatis, "Analyzer-based x-ray phase contrast microscopy combining channel-cut and asymmetrically-cut crystals," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, art. No. 113708 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, V. Kohn, S. Kuznetsov, and I. Schelokov, "On the possibilities of x-ray phase contrast microimaging by coherent high-energy synchrotron radiation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 5486-5492 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Arfelli, A. Bravin, G. Barbiellini, G. Cantarore, E. Castelli, M. Di Michiel, P. Poropat, R. Rosei, M. Sessa, A. Vacchi, L. Dalla Palma, R. Longo, S. Bernstorff, A. Savoia, and G. Tromba, "Digital mammography with synchrotron radiation," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 1325-1328 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Hönnicke, G. Kellerman, H. S. Rocha, C. Giles, G. Tirao, I. Mazzaro, R. T. Lopes, and C. Cusatis, "Enhanced contrast radiography with channel-cut crystals at LNLS," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, art. no.093703 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

M. W. Westneat, O. Betz, R. W. Blob, K. Fezzaa, W. J. Cooper, and W.-K. Lee, "Tracheal respiration in insects visualized with synchrotron X-ray imaging," Science 299, 558-560 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scr. Mater. (1)

J. Baruchel, J. Y. Buffiere, P. Cloetens, M. Di Michiel, E. Ferrie, W. Ludwig, E. Marie, and L. Salvo, "Advances in synchrotron radiation microtomography," Scr. Mater. 55, 41-46 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

M. Ando and S. Hosoya, "An attempt at x-ray phase-contrast microscopy," Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on X-ray optics and Microanalysis, edited by G. Shinoda et al. (University of Tokio Press), Tokio, p. 63-68 (1972).

M. G. Hönnicke, E. M. Kakuno, J Manica, and C. Cusatis, "Propagation-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging with broad focus conventional x-ray sources," arXiv:0710.1286v1 [cond-mat.other] (2007), http://arxiv.org/abs/0710.1286

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Propagation-based x-ray phase contrast imaging setup (PBI) based on an x-ray back-diffraction cavity.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Images of the polypropylene tube: (a) Conventional synchrotron radiography at D=0 mm; (b) Propagation-based x-ray phase contrast image (PBI) at D=160 mm and (c) PBI at D=700 mm. Exposure time: 10 min.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Cross section profiles of the images shown in Fig. 2. (a) Conventional synchrotron radiography at D=0 mm; (b) PBI at D=160 mm and (c) PBI at D=700 mm. The phase effects (dashed circles) are more pronounced at larger sample to detector distances (D).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Propagation-based x-ray phase contrast images (PBIs) of a tree leaf at two different sample to detector distances: a) 160 mm and b) 700mm. The vessels and cork warts (indicated by dashed circles) are more defined in the image acquired at longer distance (b). Phase effects at the sample border are also more emphasized in the image b): see, for instance, an edge enhancement effect in the top of the image. Exposure time: 10 min.

Equations (1)

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l t = λ . d 2 σ x

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