Abstract

This paper presents the results of experimental studies on Q-switched flash-lamp pumped Nd:YAG and Er:glass lasers with resonators formed by volume Bragg gratings. This novel design results in singlefrequency mode operation with millijoules pulse energy. The mode selection is performed only by volume Bragg gratings that dramatically simplifies laser design.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. Chung, A. Rapaport, V. Smirnov, L. Glebov, M. Richardson, and M. Bass, "Solid-state laser spectral narrowing using a volumetric photothermal refractive Bragg grating cavity mirror," Opt. Lett. 31, 229-231 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. L. B. Glebov, V. I. Smirnov, C. M. Stickley, and I. V. Ciapurin, "New approach to robust optics for HEL systems," In Laser Weapons Technology III. W.E. Tompson and P.H. Merritt, Editors. Proceedings of SPIE, 4724, 101-109 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, and V. I. Smirnov, "High efficiency volume diffractive elements in photo-thermo-refractive glass," United States Patent 6,673,497 B2. January 6, 2004.
  4. B. Volodin, S. Dolgy, E. Melnik, E. Downs, J. Shaw, and V. Ban, "Wavelength stabilization and spectrum narrowing of high power multimode laser diodes and arrays by use of volume Bragg gratings," Opt. Lett. 29, 1891-1893 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G. Venus, L. Glebov, V. Rotar, V. Smirnov, P. Crump, and J. Farmer, "Volume Bragg semiconductor lasers with near diffraction limited divergence," Laser Source and System Technology for Defense and Security II; G.Wood and M.Dubinskii, eds. Proceedings of SPIE 6216, 621602 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. Jacobsson, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, "Tunable single-longitudinal-mode Er,Yb:glass laser locked by a bulk glass Bragg grating," Opt. Lett. 31, 1663-1665 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. N. Vorobiev, L. Glebov, and V. Smirnov, "Single-frequency Q-switched Nd:YAG laser controlled by volume Bragg gratings," 16th Annual International Laser Physics Workshop (LPHYS-07), August 20-24, 2007, Leon, Mexico
  9. T. Yanagisawa, K. Asaka, K. Hamazu, and Y. Hirano, "11-mJ, 15-Hz single frequency diode-pumped Q-switched Er, Yb:phosphate glass laser," Opt. Lett. 26, 1262-1264 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Qi, X. Hou, Y. Li, and Y. Sun, "Co2+:LaMgAl11O9 saturable absorber Q-switch for a flash lamp pumped 1.54 ?m Er:glass laser," Opt. Express. 15, 3195-3200 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. Rabinovici, A. Ishaaya, I. Peer, L. Shimshi, N. Davidson, and A. Friesem, "Increasing output energy from a passively Q-switched Er:glass laser," Appl. Opt. 46, 7426-7431 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Tilleman, S. Jackel, and I. Moshe, "High-power, high-fracture-strength, eye-safe Er:glass laser," Opt. Eng. 37, 2512-2520 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2007

2006

2004

2001

1998

M. Tilleman, S. Jackel, and I. Moshe, "High-power, high-fracture-strength, eye-safe Er:glass laser," Opt. Eng. 37, 2512-2520 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Asaka, K.

Ban, V.

Bass, M.

Chung, T.

Davidson, N.

Dolgy, S.

Downs, E.

Friesem, A.

Glebov, L.

Gourevitch, A.

Hamazu, K.

Hirano, Y.

Hou, X.

H. Qi, X. Hou, Y. Li, and Y. Sun, "Co2+:LaMgAl11O9 saturable absorber Q-switch for a flash lamp pumped 1.54 ?m Er:glass laser," Opt. Express. 15, 3195-3200 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ishaaya, A.

Jackel, S.

M. Tilleman, S. Jackel, and I. Moshe, "High-power, high-fracture-strength, eye-safe Er:glass laser," Opt. Eng. 37, 2512-2520 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jacobsson, B.

Laurell, F.

Li, Y.

H. Qi, X. Hou, Y. Li, and Y. Sun, "Co2+:LaMgAl11O9 saturable absorber Q-switch for a flash lamp pumped 1.54 ?m Er:glass laser," Opt. Express. 15, 3195-3200 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Melnik, E.

Moshe, I.

M. Tilleman, S. Jackel, and I. Moshe, "High-power, high-fracture-strength, eye-safe Er:glass laser," Opt. Eng. 37, 2512-2520 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pasiskevicius, V.

Peer, I.

Qi, H.

H. Qi, X. Hou, Y. Li, and Y. Sun, "Co2+:LaMgAl11O9 saturable absorber Q-switch for a flash lamp pumped 1.54 ?m Er:glass laser," Opt. Express. 15, 3195-3200 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rabinovici, R.

Rapaport, A.

Richardson, M.

Shaw, J.

Shimshi, L.

Smirnov, V.

Sun, Y.

H. Qi, X. Hou, Y. Li, and Y. Sun, "Co2+:LaMgAl11O9 saturable absorber Q-switch for a flash lamp pumped 1.54 ?m Er:glass laser," Opt. Express. 15, 3195-3200 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tilleman, M.

M. Tilleman, S. Jackel, and I. Moshe, "High-power, high-fracture-strength, eye-safe Er:glass laser," Opt. Eng. 37, 2512-2520 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Venus, G.

Volodin, B.

Vorobiev, N.

N. Vorobiev, L. Glebov, and V. Smirnov, "Single-frequency Q-switched Nd:YAG laser controlled by volume Bragg gratings," 16th Annual International Laser Physics Workshop (LPHYS-07), August 20-24, 2007, Leon, Mexico

Yanagisawa, T.

Appl. Opt.

Opt. Eng.

M. Tilleman, S. Jackel, and I. Moshe, "High-power, high-fracture-strength, eye-safe Er:glass laser," Opt. Eng. 37, 2512-2520 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express.

H. Qi, X. Hou, Y. Li, and Y. Sun, "Co2+:LaMgAl11O9 saturable absorber Q-switch for a flash lamp pumped 1.54 ?m Er:glass laser," Opt. Express. 15, 3195-3200 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Other

G. Venus, L. Glebov, V. Rotar, V. Smirnov, P. Crump, and J. Farmer, "Volume Bragg semiconductor lasers with near diffraction limited divergence," Laser Source and System Technology for Defense and Security II; G.Wood and M.Dubinskii, eds. Proceedings of SPIE 6216, 621602 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Glebov, V. I. Smirnov, C. M. Stickley, and I. V. Ciapurin, "New approach to robust optics for HEL systems," In Laser Weapons Technology III. W.E. Tompson and P.H. Merritt, Editors. Proceedings of SPIE, 4724, 101-109 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, and V. I. Smirnov, "High efficiency volume diffractive elements in photo-thermo-refractive glass," United States Patent 6,673,497 B2. January 6, 2004.

N. Vorobiev, L. Glebov, and V. Smirnov, "Single-frequency Q-switched Nd:YAG laser controlled by volume Bragg gratings," 16th Annual International Laser Physics Workshop (LPHYS-07), August 20-24, 2007, Leon, Mexico

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Spectral profile of a collimated beam transmitted by a RBG used as a total reflector in an Er:glass laser. Transmittance below 0.001 corresponds to diffraction efficiency exceeding 99.7%.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Angular profile of diffraction efficiency of TBG used as a selector of transverse modes in a Nd:YAG laser

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic diagram of SFM Nd:YAG laser. HR- high reflectivity dielectric mirror, SAsaturable absorber.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Emission spectrum (A) and intensity distribution in the near field (B) of a Q-switched SFM Nd:YAG laser

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Emission spectrum (A) and intensity distribution in the near field (B) of a Q-switched SFM Er:glass laser

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