Abstract

We investigate the power and the polarization dependence of the intraband dynamics in a bulk semiconductor optical amplifier using both a 2.5-ps pump-probe experimental set-up in contra-propagation and a theoretical model. Our model is based on the rate equations and takes into account the polarization dependence of the gain. By comparing experimental and computational results we are able to highlight the dependences of the intraband dynamics and to extract the non-linear gain compression factor as a function of both pulse energy and polarization of the injected pulses.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L. Occhi, Y. Ito, H. Kawaguchi, L. Schares, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, "Intraband gain dynamics in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers: measurements and simulations," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 54-60 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Borri, W. Langbein, J. Mørk, and J. M. Hvam, "Heterodyne pump-probe and four-wave mixing in semiconductor amplifiers using balanced lock-in detection," Opt. Commun. 169, 317-324 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Mecozzi and J. Mørk, "Saturation effects in nondegenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1190-1207 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Girardin, G. H. Duan, and P. Gallion, "Linewidth rebroadening due to nonlinear gain and index induced by carrier heating in strained quantum- well lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 334-336 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, "Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297-2306 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Philippe, A. L. Bradley, B. Kennedy, F. Surre, and P. Landais, "Experimental investigation of polarization effects in semiconductor optical amplifiers and implications for all-optical switching," J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).
  7. N. A. Olsson and G. P. Agrawal, "Spectral shift and distortion due to self-phase modulation of picosecond pulses in 1.5 µ m optical amplifiers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 13-15 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, and P. J. Delfyett, "Subpicosecond pulse amplification in semiconductor laser amplifiers: theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1122-1131 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, P. J. Delfyett, S. Dijaili, and F. G. Patterson, "Femtosecond self- and cross-phase modulation in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 523-539 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. Wang, K. Allaart, and D. Lenstra, "Semiconductor optical amplifier gain anisotropy: confinement factor against material gain," Electron. Lett. 4, 1602-1603 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. F. Kennedy, S. Philippe, P. Landais, A. L. Bradley, and H. Soto-Ortiz, "Experimental investigation of polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE. Proc.-Optoelectron. 151, 114-118 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Gutierrez-Castrejon, L. Schares, L. Occhi, and G. Guekos, "Modeling and measurement of longitudinal gain dynamics in saturated semiconductor optical amplifiers of different length," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1474-1484 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. Alvarez, H. Soto, and J. Torres, "Investigation of the carrier density dependence on the confinement factor in a bulk semiconductor optical amplifier with a ridge waveguide," Opt. Commun. 222, 161-167 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Soto, E. ??lvarez, C. A. Díaz, J. Topomondzo, D. Erasme, L. Schares, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, and M. Castro, "Design of an all-optical NOT XOR gate based on cross-polarization modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Commun. 237, 121-131 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Uskov, J. Mørk, and J. Mark, "Wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers due to carrier heating and spectral-hole burning," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1769-1781 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  16. T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, "Detailed dynamic model for semiconductor optical amplifiers and their crosstalk and intermodulation distortion," J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1056-1065 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (3)

W. Wang, K. Allaart, and D. Lenstra, "Semiconductor optical amplifier gain anisotropy: confinement factor against material gain," Electron. Lett. 4, 1602-1603 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. F. Kennedy, S. Philippe, P. Landais, A. L. Bradley, and H. Soto-Ortiz, "Experimental investigation of polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE. Proc.-Optoelectron. 151, 114-118 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Soto, E. ??lvarez, C. A. Díaz, J. Topomondzo, D. Erasme, L. Schares, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, and M. Castro, "Design of an all-optical NOT XOR gate based on cross-polarization modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Commun. 237, 121-131 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

E. Alvarez, H. Soto, and J. Torres, "Investigation of the carrier density dependence on the confinement factor in a bulk semiconductor optical amplifier with a ridge waveguide," Opt. Commun. 222, 161-167 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

L. Occhi, Y. Ito, H. Kawaguchi, L. Schares, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, "Intraband gain dynamics in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers: measurements and simulations," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 54-60 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

R. Gutierrez-Castrejon, L. Schares, L. Occhi, and G. Guekos, "Modeling and measurement of longitudinal gain dynamics in saturated semiconductor optical amplifiers of different length," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1474-1484 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

P. Borri, W. Langbein, J. Mørk, and J. M. Hvam, "Heterodyne pump-probe and four-wave mixing in semiconductor amplifiers using balanced lock-in detection," Opt. Commun. 169, 317-324 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

A. Mecozzi and J. Mørk, "Saturation effects in nondegenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1190-1207 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

F. Girardin, G. H. Duan, and P. Gallion, "Linewidth rebroadening due to nonlinear gain and index induced by carrier heating in strained quantum- well lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 334-336 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, P. J. Delfyett, S. Dijaili, and F. G. Patterson, "Femtosecond self- and cross-phase modulation in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 523-539 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, and P. J. Delfyett, "Subpicosecond pulse amplification in semiconductor laser amplifiers: theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1122-1131 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Uskov, J. Mørk, and J. Mark, "Wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers due to carrier heating and spectral-hole burning," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1769-1781 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, "Detailed dynamic model for semiconductor optical amplifiers and their crosstalk and intermodulation distortion," J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1056-1065 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, "Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297-2306 (1989).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Olsson and G. P. Agrawal, "Spectral shift and distortion due to self-phase modulation of picosecond pulses in 1.5 µ m optical amplifiers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 13-15 (1989).
[CrossRef]

??lvarez, E.

H. Soto, E. ??lvarez, C. A. Díaz, J. Topomondzo, D. Erasme, L. Schares, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, and M. Castro, "Design of an all-optical NOT XOR gate based on cross-polarization modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Commun. 237, 121-131 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

N. A. Olsson and G. P. Agrawal, "Spectral shift and distortion due to self-phase modulation of picosecond pulses in 1.5 µ m optical amplifiers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 13-15 (1989).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, "Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297-2306 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Allaart, K.

W. Wang, K. Allaart, and D. Lenstra, "Semiconductor optical amplifier gain anisotropy: confinement factor against material gain," Electron. Lett. 4, 1602-1603 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Alvarez, E.

E. Alvarez, H. Soto, and J. Torres, "Investigation of the carrier density dependence on the confinement factor in a bulk semiconductor optical amplifier with a ridge waveguide," Opt. Commun. 222, 161-167 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Borri, P.

P. Borri, W. Langbein, J. Mørk, and J. M. Hvam, "Heterodyne pump-probe and four-wave mixing in semiconductor amplifiers using balanced lock-in detection," Opt. Commun. 169, 317-324 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, A. L.

B. F. Kennedy, S. Philippe, P. Landais, A. L. Bradley, and H. Soto-Ortiz, "Experimental investigation of polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE. Proc.-Optoelectron. 151, 114-118 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Philippe, A. L. Bradley, B. Kennedy, F. Surre, and P. Landais, "Experimental investigation of polarization effects in semiconductor optical amplifiers and implications for all-optical switching," J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Castro, M.

H. Soto, E. ??lvarez, C. A. Díaz, J. Topomondzo, D. Erasme, L. Schares, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, and M. Castro, "Design of an all-optical NOT XOR gate based on cross-polarization modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Commun. 237, 121-131 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Y. H.

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, P. J. Delfyett, S. Dijaili, and F. G. Patterson, "Femtosecond self- and cross-phase modulation in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 523-539 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, and P. J. Delfyett, "Subpicosecond pulse amplification in semiconductor laser amplifiers: theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1122-1131 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Delfyett, P. J.

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, P. J. Delfyett, S. Dijaili, and F. G. Patterson, "Femtosecond self- and cross-phase modulation in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 523-539 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, and P. J. Delfyett, "Subpicosecond pulse amplification in semiconductor laser amplifiers: theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1122-1131 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Díaz, C. A.

H. Soto, E. ??lvarez, C. A. Díaz, J. Topomondzo, D. Erasme, L. Schares, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, and M. Castro, "Design of an all-optical NOT XOR gate based on cross-polarization modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Commun. 237, 121-131 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dienes, A.

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, P. J. Delfyett, S. Dijaili, and F. G. Patterson, "Femtosecond self- and cross-phase modulation in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 523-539 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, and P. J. Delfyett, "Subpicosecond pulse amplification in semiconductor laser amplifiers: theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1122-1131 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dijaili, S.

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, P. J. Delfyett, S. Dijaili, and F. G. Patterson, "Femtosecond self- and cross-phase modulation in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 523-539 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Duan, G. H.

F. Girardin, G. H. Duan, and P. Gallion, "Linewidth rebroadening due to nonlinear gain and index induced by carrier heating in strained quantum- well lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 334-336 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Durhuus, T.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, "Detailed dynamic model for semiconductor optical amplifiers and their crosstalk and intermodulation distortion," J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1056-1065 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Eckner, J.

L. Occhi, Y. Ito, H. Kawaguchi, L. Schares, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, "Intraband gain dynamics in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers: measurements and simulations," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 54-60 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Erasme, D.

H. Soto, E. ??lvarez, C. A. Díaz, J. Topomondzo, D. Erasme, L. Schares, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, and M. Castro, "Design of an all-optical NOT XOR gate based on cross-polarization modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Commun. 237, 121-131 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gallion, P.

F. Girardin, G. H. Duan, and P. Gallion, "Linewidth rebroadening due to nonlinear gain and index induced by carrier heating in strained quantum- well lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 334-336 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Girardin, F.

F. Girardin, G. H. Duan, and P. Gallion, "Linewidth rebroadening due to nonlinear gain and index induced by carrier heating in strained quantum- well lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 334-336 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Guekos, G.

H. Soto, E. ??lvarez, C. A. Díaz, J. Topomondzo, D. Erasme, L. Schares, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, and M. Castro, "Design of an all-optical NOT XOR gate based on cross-polarization modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Commun. 237, 121-131 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Occhi, Y. Ito, H. Kawaguchi, L. Schares, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, "Intraband gain dynamics in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers: measurements and simulations," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 54-60 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Gutierrez-Castrejon, L. Schares, L. Occhi, and G. Guekos, "Modeling and measurement of longitudinal gain dynamics in saturated semiconductor optical amplifiers of different length," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1474-1484 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gutierrez-Castrejon, R.

R. Gutierrez-Castrejon, L. Schares, L. Occhi, and G. Guekos, "Modeling and measurement of longitudinal gain dynamics in saturated semiconductor optical amplifiers of different length," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1474-1484 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Heritage, J. P.

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, P. J. Delfyett, S. Dijaili, and F. G. Patterson, "Femtosecond self- and cross-phase modulation in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 523-539 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, and P. J. Delfyett, "Subpicosecond pulse amplification in semiconductor laser amplifiers: theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1122-1131 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hong, M. Y.

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, P. J. Delfyett, S. Dijaili, and F. G. Patterson, "Femtosecond self- and cross-phase modulation in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 523-539 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, and P. J. Delfyett, "Subpicosecond pulse amplification in semiconductor laser amplifiers: theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1122-1131 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hvam, J. M.

P. Borri, W. Langbein, J. Mørk, and J. M. Hvam, "Heterodyne pump-probe and four-wave mixing in semiconductor amplifiers using balanced lock-in detection," Opt. Commun. 169, 317-324 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ito, Y.

L. Occhi, Y. Ito, H. Kawaguchi, L. Schares, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, "Intraband gain dynamics in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers: measurements and simulations," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 54-60 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kawaguchi, H.

L. Occhi, Y. Ito, H. Kawaguchi, L. Schares, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, "Intraband gain dynamics in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers: measurements and simulations," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 54-60 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kennedy, B.

S. Philippe, A. L. Bradley, B. Kennedy, F. Surre, and P. Landais, "Experimental investigation of polarization effects in semiconductor optical amplifiers and implications for all-optical switching," J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Kennedy, B. F.

B. F. Kennedy, S. Philippe, P. Landais, A. L. Bradley, and H. Soto-Ortiz, "Experimental investigation of polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE. Proc.-Optoelectron. 151, 114-118 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Landais, P.

B. F. Kennedy, S. Philippe, P. Landais, A. L. Bradley, and H. Soto-Ortiz, "Experimental investigation of polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE. Proc.-Optoelectron. 151, 114-118 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Philippe, A. L. Bradley, B. Kennedy, F. Surre, and P. Landais, "Experimental investigation of polarization effects in semiconductor optical amplifiers and implications for all-optical switching," J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Langbein, W.

P. Borri, W. Langbein, J. Mørk, and J. M. Hvam, "Heterodyne pump-probe and four-wave mixing in semiconductor amplifiers using balanced lock-in detection," Opt. Commun. 169, 317-324 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lenstra, D.

W. Wang, K. Allaart, and D. Lenstra, "Semiconductor optical amplifier gain anisotropy: confinement factor against material gain," Electron. Lett. 4, 1602-1603 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mark, J.

A. Uskov, J. Mørk, and J. Mark, "Wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers due to carrier heating and spectral-hole burning," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1769-1781 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mecozzi, A.

A. Mecozzi and J. Mørk, "Saturation effects in nondegenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1190-1207 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mikkelsen, B.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, "Detailed dynamic model for semiconductor optical amplifiers and their crosstalk and intermodulation distortion," J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1056-1065 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mørk, J.

P. Borri, W. Langbein, J. Mørk, and J. M. Hvam, "Heterodyne pump-probe and four-wave mixing in semiconductor amplifiers using balanced lock-in detection," Opt. Commun. 169, 317-324 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Mecozzi and J. Mørk, "Saturation effects in nondegenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1190-1207 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Uskov, J. Mørk, and J. Mark, "Wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers due to carrier heating and spectral-hole burning," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1769-1781 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Occhi, L.

H. Soto, E. ??lvarez, C. A. Díaz, J. Topomondzo, D. Erasme, L. Schares, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, and M. Castro, "Design of an all-optical NOT XOR gate based on cross-polarization modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Commun. 237, 121-131 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Occhi, Y. Ito, H. Kawaguchi, L. Schares, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, "Intraband gain dynamics in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers: measurements and simulations," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 54-60 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Gutierrez-Castrejon, L. Schares, L. Occhi, and G. Guekos, "Modeling and measurement of longitudinal gain dynamics in saturated semiconductor optical amplifiers of different length," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1474-1484 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, N. A.

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, "Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297-2306 (1989).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Olsson and G. P. Agrawal, "Spectral shift and distortion due to self-phase modulation of picosecond pulses in 1.5 µ m optical amplifiers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 13-15 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Patterson, F. G.

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, P. J. Delfyett, S. Dijaili, and F. G. Patterson, "Femtosecond self- and cross-phase modulation in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 523-539 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Philippe, S.

B. F. Kennedy, S. Philippe, P. Landais, A. L. Bradley, and H. Soto-Ortiz, "Experimental investigation of polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE. Proc.-Optoelectron. 151, 114-118 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Philippe, A. L. Bradley, B. Kennedy, F. Surre, and P. Landais, "Experimental investigation of polarization effects in semiconductor optical amplifiers and implications for all-optical switching," J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Schares, L.

H. Soto, E. ??lvarez, C. A. Díaz, J. Topomondzo, D. Erasme, L. Schares, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, and M. Castro, "Design of an all-optical NOT XOR gate based on cross-polarization modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Commun. 237, 121-131 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Occhi, Y. Ito, H. Kawaguchi, L. Schares, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, "Intraband gain dynamics in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers: measurements and simulations," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 54-60 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Gutierrez-Castrejon, L. Schares, L. Occhi, and G. Guekos, "Modeling and measurement of longitudinal gain dynamics in saturated semiconductor optical amplifiers of different length," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1474-1484 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Soto, H.

H. Soto, E. ??lvarez, C. A. Díaz, J. Topomondzo, D. Erasme, L. Schares, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, and M. Castro, "Design of an all-optical NOT XOR gate based on cross-polarization modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Commun. 237, 121-131 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Alvarez, H. Soto, and J. Torres, "Investigation of the carrier density dependence on the confinement factor in a bulk semiconductor optical amplifier with a ridge waveguide," Opt. Commun. 222, 161-167 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Soto-Ortiz, H.

B. F. Kennedy, S. Philippe, P. Landais, A. L. Bradley, and H. Soto-Ortiz, "Experimental investigation of polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE. Proc.-Optoelectron. 151, 114-118 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stubkjaer, K. E.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, "Detailed dynamic model for semiconductor optical amplifiers and their crosstalk and intermodulation distortion," J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1056-1065 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Surre, F.

S. Philippe, A. L. Bradley, B. Kennedy, F. Surre, and P. Landais, "Experimental investigation of polarization effects in semiconductor optical amplifiers and implications for all-optical switching," J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Topomondzo, J.

H. Soto, E. ??lvarez, C. A. Díaz, J. Topomondzo, D. Erasme, L. Schares, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, and M. Castro, "Design of an all-optical NOT XOR gate based on cross-polarization modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Commun. 237, 121-131 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Torres, J.

E. Alvarez, H. Soto, and J. Torres, "Investigation of the carrier density dependence on the confinement factor in a bulk semiconductor optical amplifier with a ridge waveguide," Opt. Commun. 222, 161-167 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Uskov, A.

A. Uskov, J. Mørk, and J. Mark, "Wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers due to carrier heating and spectral-hole burning," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1769-1781 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

W. Wang, K. Allaart, and D. Lenstra, "Semiconductor optical amplifier gain anisotropy: confinement factor against material gain," Electron. Lett. 4, 1602-1603 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. A. Olsson and G. P. Agrawal, "Spectral shift and distortion due to self-phase modulation of picosecond pulses in 1.5 µ m optical amplifiers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 13-15 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

W. Wang, K. Allaart, and D. Lenstra, "Semiconductor optical amplifier gain anisotropy: confinement factor against material gain," Electron. Lett. 4, 1602-1603 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (5)

R. Gutierrez-Castrejon, L. Schares, L. Occhi, and G. Guekos, "Modeling and measurement of longitudinal gain dynamics in saturated semiconductor optical amplifiers of different length," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1474-1484 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Uskov, J. Mørk, and J. Mark, "Wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifiers due to carrier heating and spectral-hole burning," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1769-1781 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, and P. J. Delfyett, "Subpicosecond pulse amplification in semiconductor laser amplifiers: theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1122-1131 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, "Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297-2306 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. Occhi, Y. Ito, H. Kawaguchi, L. Schares, J. Eckner, and G. Guekos, "Intraband gain dynamics in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers: measurements and simulations," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 54-60 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

A. Mecozzi and J. Mørk, "Saturation effects in nondegenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1190-1207 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Hong, Y. H. Chang, A. Dienes, J. P. Heritage, P. J. Delfyett, S. Dijaili, and F. G. Patterson, "Femtosecond self- and cross-phase modulation in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 523-539 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

F. Girardin, G. H. Duan, and P. Gallion, "Linewidth rebroadening due to nonlinear gain and index induced by carrier heating in strained quantum- well lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 334-336 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

S. Philippe, A. L. Bradley, B. Kennedy, F. Surre, and P. Landais, "Experimental investigation of polarization effects in semiconductor optical amplifiers and implications for all-optical switching," J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, "Detailed dynamic model for semiconductor optical amplifiers and their crosstalk and intermodulation distortion," J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 1056-1065 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

E. Alvarez, H. Soto, and J. Torres, "Investigation of the carrier density dependence on the confinement factor in a bulk semiconductor optical amplifier with a ridge waveguide," Opt. Commun. 222, 161-167 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Soto, E. ??lvarez, C. A. Díaz, J. Topomondzo, D. Erasme, L. Schares, L. Occhi, G. Guekos, and M. Castro, "Design of an all-optical NOT XOR gate based on cross-polarization modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Commun. 237, 121-131 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Borri, W. Langbein, J. Mørk, and J. M. Hvam, "Heterodyne pump-probe and four-wave mixing in semiconductor amplifiers using balanced lock-in detection," Opt. Commun. 169, 317-324 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Optoelectron. (1)

B. F. Kennedy, S. Philippe, P. Landais, A. L. Bradley, and H. Soto-Ortiz, "Experimental investigation of polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE. Proc.-Optoelectron. 151, 114-118 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Main features of a transmission curve.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental a) and simulated b) probe transmission for the co- and cross-polarized inputs. The pump and probe pulse energies are 24fJ and 12fJ, respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Nonlinear gain compression correction factor as a function of the input pump energy for the four states of polarization of injected signals. Probe energy: 12 fJ.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Values of parameters used for the simulations. The carrier densities at transparency and differential gains were calculated from the experimentally determined single pass gain spectra previously reported in [11].

Equations (16)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P z = ( g α int ) P
ϕ z = 1 2 α g
g τ = g g o τ c g A ( t ) 2 E s a t
g ( N ) = Γ a ( N N 0 )
P o u t ( τ ) = P i n ( τ ) exp [ h ( τ ) ]
ϕ o u t ( τ ) = ϕ i n 1 2 α h ( τ )
h τ = g o L h τ c P i n ( τ ) E s a t [ exp ( h ( τ ) ) 1 ]
h ( τ ) = ln [ 1 ( 1 1 G o ) exp ( U i n ( τ ) E s a t ) ]
U i n ( τ ) = τ P i n ( τ ) d τ .
G ( τ ) = 1 1 ( 1 1 G o ) exp ( U i n ( τ ) E s a t )
g ̆ ( τ ) = g ( τ ) f ( τ )
f ( τ ) = 1 + ε S ( τ )
G i ( τ ) = 1 1 ( 1 1 G o i ) exp ( U i n ( τ ) E s a t i )
f i ( τ ) = 1 + ε i S ( τ )
G p r o b e i p r , j p u ( τ ) = 1 1 ( 1 1 G o j ) exp ( U i n ( τ ) E s a t i p r , j p u )
f p r o b e i p r , j p u ( τ ) = 1 + ε i p r , j p u S ( τ )

Metrics