Abstract

A 3-µm continuous-wave difference-frequency source is directly referenced to a mid-infrared optical frequency comb synthesizer by measuring their beat-note signal by a fast HgCdTe detector. Absolute frequency metrology of molecular vibration spectra is demonstrated by locking the 3-µm coherent radiation to the nearest comb tooth and tuning the comb mode spacing across the Doppler-broadened absorption profile of a CH4 ro-vibrational transition.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. F. L. Hong, S. Diddams, R. Guo, Z. Y. Bi, A. Onae, H. Inaba, J. Ishikawa, K. Okumura, D. Katsuragi, J. Hirata, T. Shimizu, T. Kurosu, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency measurements and hyperfine structure of the R(85)33-0 transition of molecular iodine with a femtosecond optical comb," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 88-95 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. De Natale, P. Cancio, and D. Mazzotti, "Infrared precision spectroscopy using femtosecond-laser-based optical frequency-comb synthesizers," in Femtosecond laser spectroscopy, P. Hannaford ed., (Springer, 2005), pp. 109-132.
  3. M. J. Thorpe, D. D. Hudson, K. D. Moll, J. Lasri, and J. Ye, "Cavity-ringdown molecular spectroscopy based on an optical frequency comb at 1.45-1.65 μm," Opt. Lett. 32, 307-309 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Jiang, J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, A. Czajkowski, S. Drissler, and D. J. Jones, "Measurement of acetylene-d absorption lines with a self-referenced fiber laser frequency comb," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2727-2735 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. De Natale, S. Borri, P. Cancio, G. Giusfredi, D. Mazzotti, C. De Mauro, and M. Inguscio, "Extending the optical comb synthesizer to the infrared: from He at 1.083 μm to CO2 at 4.2 μm," in Laser Spectroscopy: Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Laser Spectroscopy, P. Hannaford, A. Sidorov, H. Bachor, and K. Baldwin eds., (World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, 2004), pp. 63-67.
  6. A. Amy-Klein, H. Vigué, C. Chardonnet, "Absolute frequency measurement of 12C16O2 laser lines with a femtosecond laser comb and new determination of the 12C16O2 molecular constants and frequency grid," J. Mol. Spectrosc. 228, 206-212 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Bartalini, P. Cancio, G. Giusfredi, D. Mazzotti, P. De Natale, S. Borri, I. Galli, T. Leveque, and L. Gianfrani, "Frequency-comb-referenced quantum-cascade laser at 4.4 μm," Opt. Lett. 32, 988-990 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. H. Sun, B. J. S. Gale and D. T. Reid, "Composite frequency comb spanning 0.4-2.4 μm from a phase-controlled femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser and synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 32, 1414-1416 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. M. Foreman, A. Marian, J. Ye, E. A. Petrukhin, M. A. Gubin, O. D. Mücke, F. N. C. Wong, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, "Demonstration of a HeNe/CH4-based optical molecular clock," Opt. Lett. 30, 570-572 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. Maddaloni, P. Malara, G. Gagliardi, and P. De Natale, "Mid-infrared fibre-based optical comb," New. J. Phys. 8, 262-269 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Devenson, D. Barate, O. Cathabard, R. Teissier, and A. N. Baranov,"Very short wavelength (λ=3.1-3.3 μm) quantum cascade lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191115 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Devenson, R. Teissier, O. Cathabard, and A. N. Baranov, "InAs/AlSb quantum cascade lasers emitting below 3.5 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 111118 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, "Phase locking of. grating-tuned diode lasers," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. B61, S241-248 (1995)
  14. H. Verbraak, A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and H. Linnartz "Mid-infrared continuous wave cavity ring down spectroscopy of molecular ions using an optical parametric oscillator," Chem. Phys. Lett. 442, 145-149 (2007)
    [CrossRef]
  15. HITRAN database, http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/HITRAN.
  16. A. Mohan, A. Wittmann, A. Hugi, S. Blaser, M. Giovannini, and J. Faist, "Room-temperature continuous-wave operation of an external-cavity quantum cascade laser," Opt. Lett. 32, 2792-2794 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. C. Xia, M. Kumar, O.P. Kulkarni, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, M. Poulain, G. Mazé, "Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation to 4.5 μm in ZBLAN fluoride fibers by nanosecond diode pumping,"Opt. Lett. 31, 2553-2555 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. C. L. Hagen, J. W. Walewski, and S. T. Sanders, "Generation of a continuum extending to the midinfrared by pumping ZBLAN fiber with an ultrafast 1550-nm source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 91-93 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (7)

M. J. Thorpe, D. D. Hudson, K. D. Moll, J. Lasri, and J. Ye, "Cavity-ringdown molecular spectroscopy based on an optical frequency comb at 1.45-1.65 μm," Opt. Lett. 32, 307-309 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Jiang, J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, A. Czajkowski, S. Drissler, and D. J. Jones, "Measurement of acetylene-d absorption lines with a self-referenced fiber laser frequency comb," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2727-2735 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Bartalini, P. Cancio, G. Giusfredi, D. Mazzotti, P. De Natale, S. Borri, I. Galli, T. Leveque, and L. Gianfrani, "Frequency-comb-referenced quantum-cascade laser at 4.4 μm," Opt. Lett. 32, 988-990 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Sun, B. J. S. Gale and D. T. Reid, "Composite frequency comb spanning 0.4-2.4 μm from a phase-controlled femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser and synchronously pumped optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett. 32, 1414-1416 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Devenson, R. Teissier, O. Cathabard, and A. N. Baranov, "InAs/AlSb quantum cascade lasers emitting below 3.5 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 111118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Verbraak, A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and H. Linnartz "Mid-infrared continuous wave cavity ring down spectroscopy of molecular ions using an optical parametric oscillator," Chem. Phys. Lett. 442, 145-149 (2007)
[CrossRef]

A. Mohan, A. Wittmann, A. Hugi, S. Blaser, M. Giovannini, and J. Faist, "Room-temperature continuous-wave operation of an external-cavity quantum cascade laser," Opt. Lett. 32, 2792-2794 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

C. Xia, M. Kumar, O.P. Kulkarni, M. N. Islam, F. L. Terry, M. J. Freeman, M. Poulain, G. Mazé, "Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation to 4.5 μm in ZBLAN fluoride fibers by nanosecond diode pumping,"Opt. Lett. 31, 2553-2555 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Hagen, J. W. Walewski, and S. T. Sanders, "Generation of a continuum extending to the midinfrared by pumping ZBLAN fiber with an ultrafast 1550-nm source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 91-93 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Maddaloni, P. Malara, G. Gagliardi, and P. De Natale, "Mid-infrared fibre-based optical comb," New. J. Phys. 8, 262-269 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Devenson, D. Barate, O. Cathabard, R. Teissier, and A. N. Baranov,"Very short wavelength (λ=3.1-3.3 μm) quantum cascade lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

A. Amy-Klein, H. Vigué, C. Chardonnet, "Absolute frequency measurement of 12C16O2 laser lines with a femtosecond laser comb and new determination of the 12C16O2 molecular constants and frequency grid," J. Mol. Spectrosc. 228, 206-212 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. L. Hong, S. Diddams, R. Guo, Z. Y. Bi, A. Onae, H. Inaba, J. Ishikawa, K. Okumura, D. Katsuragi, J. Hirata, T. Shimizu, T. Kurosu, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency measurements and hyperfine structure of the R(85)33-0 transition of molecular iodine with a femtosecond optical comb," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 88-95 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, "Phase locking of. grating-tuned diode lasers," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. B61, S241-248 (1995)

Amy-Klein, A.

A. Amy-Klein, H. Vigué, C. Chardonnet, "Absolute frequency measurement of 12C16O2 laser lines with a femtosecond laser comb and new determination of the 12C16O2 molecular constants and frequency grid," J. Mol. Spectrosc. 228, 206-212 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baranov, A. N.

J. Devenson, R. Teissier, O. Cathabard, and A. N. Baranov, "InAs/AlSb quantum cascade lasers emitting below 3.5 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 111118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Devenson, D. Barate, O. Cathabard, R. Teissier, and A. N. Baranov,"Very short wavelength (λ=3.1-3.3 μm) quantum cascade lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Barate, D.

J. Devenson, D. Barate, O. Cathabard, R. Teissier, and A. N. Baranov,"Very short wavelength (λ=3.1-3.3 μm) quantum cascade lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bartalini, S.

Bernard, J. E.

Bi, Z. Y.

Blaser, S.

Borri, S.

Cancio, P.

Cathabard, O.

J. Devenson, R. Teissier, O. Cathabard, and A. N. Baranov, "InAs/AlSb quantum cascade lasers emitting below 3.5 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 111118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Devenson, D. Barate, O. Cathabard, R. Teissier, and A. N. Baranov,"Very short wavelength (λ=3.1-3.3 μm) quantum cascade lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chardonnet, C.

A. Amy-Klein, H. Vigué, C. Chardonnet, "Absolute frequency measurement of 12C16O2 laser lines with a femtosecond laser comb and new determination of the 12C16O2 molecular constants and frequency grid," J. Mol. Spectrosc. 228, 206-212 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Czajkowski, A.

De Natale, P.

Devenson, J.

J. Devenson, R. Teissier, O. Cathabard, and A. N. Baranov, "InAs/AlSb quantum cascade lasers emitting below 3.5 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 111118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Devenson, D. Barate, O. Cathabard, R. Teissier, and A. N. Baranov,"Very short wavelength (λ=3.1-3.3 μm) quantum cascade lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S.

Drissler, S.

Faist, J.

Foreman, S. M.

Freegarde, T.

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, "Phase locking of. grating-tuned diode lasers," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. B61, S241-248 (1995)

Freeman, M. J.

Gagliardi, G.

P. Maddaloni, P. Malara, G. Gagliardi, and P. De Natale, "Mid-infrared fibre-based optical comb," New. J. Phys. 8, 262-269 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gale, B. J. S.

Galli, I.

Gianfrani, L.

Giovannini, M.

Giusfredi, G.

Gubin, M. A.

Guo, R.

Hagen, C. L.

C. L. Hagen, J. W. Walewski, and S. T. Sanders, "Generation of a continuum extending to the midinfrared by pumping ZBLAN fiber with an ultrafast 1550-nm source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 91-93 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, "Phase locking of. grating-tuned diode lasers," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. B61, S241-248 (1995)

Harren, F. J. M.

H. Verbraak, A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and H. Linnartz "Mid-infrared continuous wave cavity ring down spectroscopy of molecular ions using an optical parametric oscillator," Chem. Phys. Lett. 442, 145-149 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Hirata, J.

Hong, F. L.

Hudson, D. D.

Hugi, A.

Inaba, H.

Ippen, E. P.

Ishikawa, J.

Islam, M. N.

Jiang, J.

Jones, D. J.

Kärtner, F. X.

Katsuragi, D.

Koga, Y.

Kulkarni, O.P.

Kumar, M.

Kurosu, T.

Lasri, J.

Leveque, T.

Linnartz, H.

H. Verbraak, A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and H. Linnartz "Mid-infrared continuous wave cavity ring down spectroscopy of molecular ions using an optical parametric oscillator," Chem. Phys. Lett. 442, 145-149 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Maddaloni, P.

P. Maddaloni, P. Malara, G. Gagliardi, and P. De Natale, "Mid-infrared fibre-based optical comb," New. J. Phys. 8, 262-269 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Madej, A. A.

Malara, P.

P. Maddaloni, P. Malara, G. Gagliardi, and P. De Natale, "Mid-infrared fibre-based optical comb," New. J. Phys. 8, 262-269 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Marian, A.

Matsumoto, H.

Mazé, G.

Mazzotti, D.

Mohan, A.

Moll, K. D.

Mücke, O. D.

Ngai, A. K. Y.

H. Verbraak, A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and H. Linnartz "Mid-infrared continuous wave cavity ring down spectroscopy of molecular ions using an optical parametric oscillator," Chem. Phys. Lett. 442, 145-149 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Okumura, K.

Onae, A.

Persijn, S. T.

H. Verbraak, A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and H. Linnartz "Mid-infrared continuous wave cavity ring down spectroscopy of molecular ions using an optical parametric oscillator," Chem. Phys. Lett. 442, 145-149 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Petrukhin, E. A.

Poulain, M.

Prevedelli, M.

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, "Phase locking of. grating-tuned diode lasers," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. B61, S241-248 (1995)

Reid, D. T.

Sanders, S. T.

C. L. Hagen, J. W. Walewski, and S. T. Sanders, "Generation of a continuum extending to the midinfrared by pumping ZBLAN fiber with an ultrafast 1550-nm source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 91-93 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, T.

Sun, J. H.

Teissier, R.

J. Devenson, R. Teissier, O. Cathabard, and A. N. Baranov, "InAs/AlSb quantum cascade lasers emitting below 3.5 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 111118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Devenson, D. Barate, O. Cathabard, R. Teissier, and A. N. Baranov,"Very short wavelength (λ=3.1-3.3 μm) quantum cascade lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Terry, F. L.

Thorpe, M. J.

Verbraak, H.

H. Verbraak, A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and H. Linnartz "Mid-infrared continuous wave cavity ring down spectroscopy of molecular ions using an optical parametric oscillator," Chem. Phys. Lett. 442, 145-149 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Vigué, H.

A. Amy-Klein, H. Vigué, C. Chardonnet, "Absolute frequency measurement of 12C16O2 laser lines with a femtosecond laser comb and new determination of the 12C16O2 molecular constants and frequency grid," J. Mol. Spectrosc. 228, 206-212 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Walewski, J. W.

C. L. Hagen, J. W. Walewski, and S. T. Sanders, "Generation of a continuum extending to the midinfrared by pumping ZBLAN fiber with an ultrafast 1550-nm source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 91-93 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wittmann, A.

Wong, F. N. C.

Xia, C.

Ye, J.

Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. (1)

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, "Phase locking of. grating-tuned diode lasers," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. B61, S241-248 (1995)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. Devenson, D. Barate, O. Cathabard, R. Teissier, and A. N. Baranov,"Very short wavelength (λ=3.1-3.3 μm) quantum cascade lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191115 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Devenson, R. Teissier, O. Cathabard, and A. N. Baranov, "InAs/AlSb quantum cascade lasers emitting below 3.5 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 111118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Verbraak, A. K. Y. Ngai, S. T. Persijn, F. J. M. Harren, and H. Linnartz "Mid-infrared continuous wave cavity ring down spectroscopy of molecular ions using an optical parametric oscillator," Chem. Phys. Lett. 442, 145-149 (2007)
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. L. Hagen, J. W. Walewski, and S. T. Sanders, "Generation of a continuum extending to the midinfrared by pumping ZBLAN fiber with an ultrafast 1550-nm source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 91-93 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Spectrosc. (1)

A. Amy-Klein, H. Vigué, C. Chardonnet, "Absolute frequency measurement of 12C16O2 laser lines with a femtosecond laser comb and new determination of the 12C16O2 molecular constants and frequency grid," J. Mol. Spectrosc. 228, 206-212 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

New. J. Phys. (1)

P. Maddaloni, P. Malara, G. Gagliardi, and P. De Natale, "Mid-infrared fibre-based optical comb," New. J. Phys. 8, 262-269 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Other (3)

P. De Natale, S. Borri, P. Cancio, G. Giusfredi, D. Mazzotti, C. De Mauro, and M. Inguscio, "Extending the optical comb synthesizer to the infrared: from He at 1.083 μm to CO2 at 4.2 μm," in Laser Spectroscopy: Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Laser Spectroscopy, P. Hannaford, A. Sidorov, H. Bachor, and K. Baldwin eds., (World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, 2004), pp. 63-67.

P. De Natale, P. Cancio, and D. Mazzotti, "Infrared precision spectroscopy using femtosecond-laser-based optical frequency-comb synthesizers," in Femtosecond laser spectroscopy, P. Hannaford ed., (Springer, 2005), pp. 109-132.

HITRAN database, http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/HITRAN.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics