Abstract

Two nodes are studied as means to perform selective optical-optical switching of four planar thin surface plasmon waveguides by interfering TEM10, TEM01, and TEM00 light beams incident upon a node. One node uses a flat-apex pyramidal reflector to reflect the incident light toward the waveguides' ends. An alternative node is a simple square aperture, which couples surface plasmons through light diffraction at the aperture's edges. Numerical calculations predict switching contrast, coupling efficiencies, and cross-talk between waveguides. Individually turned-off waveguides are shown to have their coupled surface plasmons attenuated by at least -10 dB and up to -21 dB.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M.-H. Lee, "40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Engheta, A. Salandrino, and A. Alù, "Circuit elements at optical frequencies: nanoinductors, nanocapacitors, and nanoresistors," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 095504 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, "Plasmon slot waveguides: towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization," Phys. Rev. B 73, 035407 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. J. Chau, M. Johnson, and A. Y. Elezzabi, "Electron-spin-dependent terahertz light transport in spintronic-plasmonic media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 133901 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. Ozbay, "Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions," Science 311, 189-193 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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  8. Z. Sun and D. Zeng, "Coupling of surface plasmon waves in metal/dielectric gap waveguides and single interface waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2883-2887 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org.login.ezproxy.library.ualberta.ca/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-24-11-2883.
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. Charbonneau, P. Berini, E. Berolo, and E. Lisicka-Shrzek, "Experimental observation of plasmon polariton waves supported by a thin metal film of finite width," Opt. Lett. 25, 844-846 (2000), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-25-11-844.
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Charbonneau, C. Scales, I. Breukelaar, S. Fafard, N. Lahoud, G. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, "Passive integrated optics elements based on long-range surface plasmon polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 477-494 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Leosson, T. Nikolajsen, A. Boltasseva, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Long-range surface plasmon polariton nanowire waveguides for device applications," Opt. Express 14, 314-319 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Taflove, Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method (Artech House, Norwood, Ma, 1995).
  13. J.-P. Berenger, "A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves," J. Comput. Phys. 114, 185-200 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. A. Sweatlock, S. A. Meier, H. A. Atwater, J. J. Penninkhof, and A. Polman, "Highly confined electromagnetic fields in arrays of strongly-coupled Ag nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 71, 235408 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Dechant and A. Y. Elezzabi, "Femtosecond optical pulse propagation in subwavelength metallic slits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4678-4680 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. R. Sambles, G. W. Bradberry, and F. Yang, "Optical excitation of surface plasmons: an introduction," Contemporary Phys. 32, 173-183 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  17. P. Berini, "Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of symmetric structures," Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484-10503 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Jung, T. Søndergaard, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Theoretical analysis of square surface plasmon-polariton waveguides for long-range polarization-independent waveguiding," Phys. Rev. B 76, 035434 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (4)

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M.-H. Lee, "40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Chau, M. Johnson, and A. Y. Elezzabi, "Electron-spin-dependent terahertz light transport in spintronic-plasmonic media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 133901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Jung, T. Søndergaard, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Theoretical analysis of square surface plasmon-polariton waveguides for long-range polarization-independent waveguiding," Phys. Rev. B 76, 035434 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun and D. Zeng, "Coupling of surface plasmon waves in metal/dielectric gap waveguides and single interface waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2883-2887 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org.login.ezproxy.library.ualberta.ca/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-24-11-2883.
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

K. Leosson, T. Nikolajsen, A. Boltasseva, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Long-range surface plasmon polariton nanowire waveguides for device applications," Opt. Express 14, 314-319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Charbonneau, C. Scales, I. Breukelaar, S. Fafard, N. Lahoud, G. Mattiussi, and P. Berini, "Passive integrated optics elements based on long-range surface plasmon polaritons," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 477-494 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Ozbay, "Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions," Science 311, 189-193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, "Plasmon slot waveguides: towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization," Phys. Rev. B 73, 035407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

N. Engheta, A. Salandrino, and A. Alù, "Circuit elements at optical frequencies: nanoinductors, nanocapacitors, and nanoresistors," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 095504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Sweatlock, S. A. Meier, H. A. Atwater, J. J. Penninkhof, and A. Polman, "Highly confined electromagnetic fields in arrays of strongly-coupled Ag nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 71, 235408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

A. Dechant and A. Y. Elezzabi, "Femtosecond optical pulse propagation in subwavelength metallic slits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4678-4680 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

1994 (1)

J.-P. Berenger, "A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves," J. Comput. Phys. 114, 185-200 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

J. R. Sambles, G. W. Bradberry, and F. Yang, "Optical excitation of surface plasmons: an introduction," Contemporary Phys. 32, 173-183 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

Alù, A.

N. Engheta, A. Salandrino, and A. Alù, "Circuit elements at optical frequencies: nanoinductors, nanocapacitors, and nanoresistors," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 095504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Atwater, H. A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, "Plasmon slot waveguides: towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization," Phys. Rev. B 73, 035407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Sweatlock, S. A. Meier, H. A. Atwater, J. J. Penninkhof, and A. Polman, "Highly confined electromagnetic fields in arrays of strongly-coupled Ag nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 71, 235408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Berenger, J.-P.

J.-P. Berenger, "A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves," J. Comput. Phys. 114, 185-200 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Berini, P.

Berolo, E.

Boltasseva, A.

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

J. Jung, T. Søndergaard, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Theoretical analysis of square surface plasmon-polariton waveguides for long-range polarization-independent waveguiding," Phys. Rev. B 76, 035434 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Leosson, T. Nikolajsen, A. Boltasseva, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Long-range surface plasmon polariton nanowire waveguides for device applications," Opt. Express 14, 314-319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bradberry, G. W.

J. R. Sambles, G. W. Bradberry, and F. Yang, "Optical excitation of surface plasmons: an introduction," Contemporary Phys. 32, 173-183 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Breukelaar, I.

Charbonneau, R.

Chau, K. J.

K. J. Chau, M. Johnson, and A. Y. Elezzabi, "Electron-spin-dependent terahertz light transport in spintronic-plasmonic media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 133901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dechant, A.

A. Dechant and A. Y. Elezzabi, "Femtosecond optical pulse propagation in subwavelength metallic slits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4678-4680 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dionne, J. A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, "Plasmon slot waveguides: towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization," Phys. Rev. B 73, 035407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Elezzabi, A. Y.

K. J. Chau, M. Johnson, and A. Y. Elezzabi, "Electron-spin-dependent terahertz light transport in spintronic-plasmonic media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 133901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Dechant and A. Y. Elezzabi, "Femtosecond optical pulse propagation in subwavelength metallic slits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4678-4680 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Engheta, N.

N. Engheta, A. Salandrino, and A. Alù, "Circuit elements at optical frequencies: nanoinductors, nanocapacitors, and nanoresistors," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 095504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fafard, S.

Johnson, M.

K. J. Chau, M. Johnson, and A. Y. Elezzabi, "Electron-spin-dependent terahertz light transport in spintronic-plasmonic media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 133901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ju, J. J.

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M.-H. Lee, "40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jung, J.

J. Jung, T. Søndergaard, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Theoretical analysis of square surface plasmon-polariton waveguides for long-range polarization-independent waveguiding," Phys. Rev. B 76, 035434 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. T.

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M.-H. Lee, "40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M.

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M.-H. Lee, "40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lahoud, N.

Lee, M.-H.

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M.-H. Lee, "40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leosson, K.

Lisicka-Shrzek, E.

Maradudin, A. A.

Mattiussi, G.

Meier, S. A.

L. A. Sweatlock, S. A. Meier, H. A. Atwater, J. J. Penninkhof, and A. Polman, "Highly confined electromagnetic fields in arrays of strongly-coupled Ag nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 71, 235408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nikolajsen, T.

Ozbay, E.

E. Ozbay, "Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions," Science 311, 189-193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M.-H. Lee, "40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. K.

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M.-H. Lee, "40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y. J.

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M.-H. Lee, "40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Penninkhof, J. J.

L. A. Sweatlock, S. A. Meier, H. A. Atwater, J. J. Penninkhof, and A. Polman, "Highly confined electromagnetic fields in arrays of strongly-coupled Ag nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 71, 235408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Polman, A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, "Plasmon slot waveguides: towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization," Phys. Rev. B 73, 035407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Sweatlock, S. A. Meier, H. A. Atwater, J. J. Penninkhof, and A. Polman, "Highly confined electromagnetic fields in arrays of strongly-coupled Ag nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 71, 235408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Salandrino, A.

N. Engheta, A. Salandrino, and A. Alù, "Circuit elements at optical frequencies: nanoinductors, nanocapacitors, and nanoresistors," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 095504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sambles, J. R.

J. R. Sambles, G. W. Bradberry, and F. Yang, "Optical excitation of surface plasmons: an introduction," Contemporary Phys. 32, 173-183 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Scales, C.

Søndergaard, T.

J. Jung, T. Søndergaard, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Theoretical analysis of square surface plasmon-polariton waveguides for long-range polarization-independent waveguiding," Phys. Rev. B 76, 035434 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I.

Sun, Z.

Sweatlock, L. A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, "Plasmon slot waveguides: towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization," Phys. Rev. B 73, 035407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Sweatlock, S. A. Meier, H. A. Atwater, J. J. Penninkhof, and A. Polman, "Highly confined electromagnetic fields in arrays of strongly-coupled Ag nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 71, 235408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wallis, R. F.

Yang, F.

J. R. Sambles, G. W. Bradberry, and F. Yang, "Optical excitation of surface plasmons: an introduction," Contemporary Phys. 32, 173-183 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, D.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, and M.-H. Lee, "40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Dechant and A. Y. Elezzabi, "Femtosecond optical pulse propagation in subwavelength metallic slits," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4678-4680 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Contemporary Phys. (1)

J. R. Sambles, G. W. Bradberry, and F. Yang, "Optical excitation of surface plasmons: an introduction," Contemporary Phys. 32, 173-183 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Comput. Phys. (1)

J.-P. Berenger, "A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves," J. Comput. Phys. 114, 185-200 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (4)

P. Berini, "Plasmon-polariton waves guided by thin lossy metal films of finite width: Bound modes of symmetric structures," Phys. Rev. B 61, 10484-10503 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Jung, T. Søndergaard, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, "Theoretical analysis of square surface plasmon-polariton waveguides for long-range polarization-independent waveguiding," Phys. Rev. B 76, 035434 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Sweatlock, S. A. Meier, H. A. Atwater, J. J. Penninkhof, and A. Polman, "Highly confined electromagnetic fields in arrays of strongly-coupled Ag nanoparticles," Phys. Rev. B 71, 235408 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, "Plasmon slot waveguides: towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization," Phys. Rev. B 73, 035407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

K. J. Chau, M. Johnson, and A. Y. Elezzabi, "Electron-spin-dependent terahertz light transport in spintronic-plasmonic media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 133901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Engheta, A. Salandrino, and A. Alù, "Circuit elements at optical frequencies: nanoinductors, nanocapacitors, and nanoresistors," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 095504 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

E. Ozbay, "Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions," Science 311, 189-193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

A. Taflove, Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method (Artech House, Norwood, Ma, 1995).

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