Abstract

We have successfully demonstrated an error-free transmission of 10×20 Gb/s 200 GHz-spaced ITU channels through a 5 km link of 62.5-µm core-diameter graded-index multimode silica fiber. The overall figure corresponds to an aggregate bit rate per length product of 1 Tb/s·km, the highest value ever reported to our knowledge. Successful transmission is achieved by a combination of low-linewidth DFB lasers and the central launch technique.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. J. Koonen, A. Ng'Oma, H. P. A. van den Boom, I. Tafur Monroy, and G. D. Khoe, "New techniques for extending the capabilities of multimode fibre networks," in Proceedings of NOC, (2003), pp. 204-211.
  2. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, F. Willems, J. W. M. Bergmans, and G. D. Khoe, "Broadband multi-service in-house networks using mode group diversity multiplexing," in Proceedings of POF conference, (2002), pp. 87-90.
  3. M. de Boer, C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, H. Kurniawan, J. W. Bergmans, A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, and F. M. J. Willems, "A First Demonstrator For A Mode Group Diversity Multiplexing Communication System," in Proceedings of IEEE seminar on Optical Fibre Communication and Electrical Signal Processing, (London, England, 2005), pp. 16/1-16/5.
  4. H. R. Stuart, "Dispersive multiplexing in multimode fiber," Science 289, 305-307 (2000).
  5. M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. V. Olmos, and A. Ng�??Oma, "Bidirectional radio-over-fiber link employing optical frequency multiplication," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 241-243 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Shah, R. C. J. Hsu, A. Tarighat, A. H. Sayed, and B. Jalali, "Coherent optical MIMO (COMIMO)," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2410-2419 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Raddatz and I. H. White, "Overcoming the Modal Bandwidth Limitation of Multimode Fiber by Using Passband Modulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 266-268 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Kourtessis, T. Quinlan, E. Rochat, S. D. Walker, M. Webster, I. H. White, R. V. Penty, and M. C. Parker, "0.6 Tbit/s/km multimode fiber feasibility experiment using 40 channel DWDM over quadrature-subcarrier transmission," Electron. Lett. 38, 813-815 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. J. Tyler, P. Kourtessis, M. Webster, E. Rochat, T. Quinlan, S. E. M. Dudley, S. D. Walker, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, "Toward Terabit-per-second capacities over multimode fiber links using SCM/WDM techniques," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3237-3243 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Kanprachar and I. Jacobs, "Diversity Of Coding for Subcarrier Multiplexing on Multimode Fibers," IEEE Trans. Commun. 51, 1546-1553 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. E. A. Diab, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, "10-Gb/s Transmission on Single-Wavelength Multichannel SCM-Based FDDI-Grade MMF Links at Length Over 300 m: A Statistical Investigation," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 2976-2983 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, and K. A. Shore, "Transmission Performance of Adaptively Modulated Optical OFDM Signals in Multimode Fiber Links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 205-207 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Wake, S. Dupont, J. P. Vilcot, and A. J. Seeds, "32-QAM Radio transmission over multimode fibre beyond the fibre bandwidth," in Proceedings of Microwave Photonics 2001, (California, USA, 2001), 4 pp.
  14. P. Hartmann, Xin Qian, A.  Wonfor, R. V. Penty, and I. H White, "1-20 GHz Directly Modulated Radio over MMF Link," in Proceedings of Microwave Photonics 2005, (Seoul, South Korea, 2005), pp. 95-98.
  15. I. Gasulla and J. Capmany, "High-frequency Radio over fibre QPSK transmission through a 5 Km Multimode Fibre link," in Proceedings of 33rd European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, (Berlin, Germany, 2007), 2 pp.
  16. Z. Haas and M. A. Santoro, "A Mode-Filtering Scheme for Improvement of the Bandwidth-Distance Product in Multimode Fiber Systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1125-1131 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. S. H. Yam and F. Achten, "High-speed data transmission over 1 km broad wavelength window multimode fibre," Opt. Lett. 31, 1954-1956 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. D. H. Sim, Y. Takushima, and Y.C. Chung, "Transmission of 10-Gb/s and 40-Gb/s Signals over 3.7 km of Multimode Fiber using Mode-Field Matched Center Launching Technique," in Proceedings of OFC 2007, (Anaheim, USA, 200t), OTuL3.
  19. X. J. Gu, W. Mohammed, and P. W. Smith, "Demonstration of All-Fiber WDM for Multimode Fiber Local Area Networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 244-246 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  20. R. A. Panicker, J. P. Wilde, J. M. Khan, D. F. Welch, and I. Lyubomirsky, "10x10 Gb/s DWDM Transmission Through 2.2-km Multimode Fiber Using Adaptive Optics," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1154-1156 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  21. I. Gasulla and J. Capmany, "Transfer function of multimode fiber links using an electric field propagation model: Application to Radio over Fibre Systems," Opt. Express 14, 9051-9070 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

R. A. Panicker, J. P. Wilde, J. M. Khan, D. F. Welch, and I. Lyubomirsky, "10x10 Gb/s DWDM Transmission Through 2.2-km Multimode Fiber Using Adaptive Optics," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1154-1156 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. E. A. Diab, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, "10-Gb/s Transmission on Single-Wavelength Multichannel SCM-Based FDDI-Grade MMF Links at Length Over 300 m: A Statistical Investigation," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 2976-2983 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

S. S. H. Yam and F. Achten, "High-speed data transmission over 1 km broad wavelength window multimode fibre," Opt. Lett. 31, 1954-1956 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Gasulla and J. Capmany, "Transfer function of multimode fiber links using an electric field propagation model: Application to Radio over Fibre Systems," Opt. Express 14, 9051-9070 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. V. Olmos, and A. Ng�??Oma, "Bidirectional radio-over-fiber link employing optical frequency multiplication," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 241-243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, and K. A. Shore, "Transmission Performance of Adaptively Modulated Optical OFDM Signals in Multimode Fiber Links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 205-207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. J. Gu, W. Mohammed, and P. W. Smith, "Demonstration of All-Fiber WDM for Multimode Fiber Local Area Networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 244-246 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

P. Kourtessis, T. Quinlan, E. Rochat, S. D. Walker, M. Webster, I. H. White, R. V. Penty, and M. C. Parker, "0.6 Tbit/s/km multimode fiber feasibility experiment using 40 channel DWDM over quadrature-subcarrier transmission," Electron. Lett. 38, 813-815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. R. Stuart, "Dispersive multiplexing in multimode fiber," Science 289, 305-307 (2000).

1999 (1)

L. Raddatz and I. H. White, "Overcoming the Modal Bandwidth Limitation of Multimode Fiber by Using Passband Modulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 266-268 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

Z. Haas and M. A. Santoro, "A Mode-Filtering Scheme for Improvement of the Bandwidth-Distance Product in Multimode Fiber Systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1125-1131 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Achten, F.

Capmany, J.

Diab, M. E. A.

Dudley, S. E. M.

Gasulla, I.

Gu, X. J.

X. J. Gu, W. Mohammed, and P. W. Smith, "Demonstration of All-Fiber WDM for Multimode Fiber Local Area Networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 244-246 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Haas, Z.

Z. Haas and M. A. Santoro, "A Mode-Filtering Scheme for Improvement of the Bandwidth-Distance Product in Multimode Fiber Systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1125-1131 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, R. C. J.

Ingham, J. D.

Jacobs, I.

S. Kanprachar and I. Jacobs, "Diversity Of Coding for Subcarrier Multiplexing on Multimode Fibers," IEEE Trans. Commun. 51, 1546-1553 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jalali, B.

Kanprachar, S.

S. Kanprachar and I. Jacobs, "Diversity Of Coding for Subcarrier Multiplexing on Multimode Fibers," IEEE Trans. Commun. 51, 1546-1553 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Khan, J. M.

R. A. Panicker, J. P. Wilde, J. M. Khan, D. F. Welch, and I. Lyubomirsky, "10x10 Gb/s DWDM Transmission Through 2.2-km Multimode Fiber Using Adaptive Optics," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1154-1156 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koonen, A. M. J.

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. V. Olmos, and A. Ng�??Oma, "Bidirectional radio-over-fiber link employing optical frequency multiplication," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 241-243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kourtessis, P.

E. J. Tyler, P. Kourtessis, M. Webster, E. Rochat, T. Quinlan, S. E. M. Dudley, S. D. Walker, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, "Toward Terabit-per-second capacities over multimode fiber links using SCM/WDM techniques," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3237-3243 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Kourtessis, T. Quinlan, E. Rochat, S. D. Walker, M. Webster, I. H. White, R. V. Penty, and M. C. Parker, "0.6 Tbit/s/km multimode fiber feasibility experiment using 40 channel DWDM over quadrature-subcarrier transmission," Electron. Lett. 38, 813-815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lane, P. M.

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, and K. A. Shore, "Transmission Performance of Adaptively Modulated Optical OFDM Signals in Multimode Fiber Links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 205-207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Larrode, M. G.

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. V. Olmos, and A. Ng�??Oma, "Bidirectional radio-over-fiber link employing optical frequency multiplication," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 241-243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lyubomirsky, I.

R. A. Panicker, J. P. Wilde, J. M. Khan, D. F. Welch, and I. Lyubomirsky, "10x10 Gb/s DWDM Transmission Through 2.2-km Multimode Fiber Using Adaptive Optics," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1154-1156 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mohammed, W.

X. J. Gu, W. Mohammed, and P. W. Smith, "Demonstration of All-Fiber WDM for Multimode Fiber Local Area Networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 244-246 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ng???Oma, A.

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. V. Olmos, and A. Ng�??Oma, "Bidirectional radio-over-fiber link employing optical frequency multiplication," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 241-243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Olmos, J. J. V.

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. V. Olmos, and A. Ng�??Oma, "Bidirectional radio-over-fiber link employing optical frequency multiplication," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 241-243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Panicker, R. A.

R. A. Panicker, J. P. Wilde, J. M. Khan, D. F. Welch, and I. Lyubomirsky, "10x10 Gb/s DWDM Transmission Through 2.2-km Multimode Fiber Using Adaptive Optics," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1154-1156 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Parker, M. C.

P. Kourtessis, T. Quinlan, E. Rochat, S. D. Walker, M. Webster, I. H. White, R. V. Penty, and M. C. Parker, "0.6 Tbit/s/km multimode fiber feasibility experiment using 40 channel DWDM over quadrature-subcarrier transmission," Electron. Lett. 38, 813-815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Penty, R. V.

Quinlan, T.

E. J. Tyler, P. Kourtessis, M. Webster, E. Rochat, T. Quinlan, S. E. M. Dudley, S. D. Walker, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, "Toward Terabit-per-second capacities over multimode fiber links using SCM/WDM techniques," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3237-3243 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Kourtessis, T. Quinlan, E. Rochat, S. D. Walker, M. Webster, I. H. White, R. V. Penty, and M. C. Parker, "0.6 Tbit/s/km multimode fiber feasibility experiment using 40 channel DWDM over quadrature-subcarrier transmission," Electron. Lett. 38, 813-815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Raddatz, L.

L. Raddatz and I. H. White, "Overcoming the Modal Bandwidth Limitation of Multimode Fiber by Using Passband Modulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 266-268 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rochat, E.

E. J. Tyler, P. Kourtessis, M. Webster, E. Rochat, T. Quinlan, S. E. M. Dudley, S. D. Walker, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, "Toward Terabit-per-second capacities over multimode fiber links using SCM/WDM techniques," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3237-3243 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Kourtessis, T. Quinlan, E. Rochat, S. D. Walker, M. Webster, I. H. White, R. V. Penty, and M. C. Parker, "0.6 Tbit/s/km multimode fiber feasibility experiment using 40 channel DWDM over quadrature-subcarrier transmission," Electron. Lett. 38, 813-815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Santoro, M. A.

Z. Haas and M. A. Santoro, "A Mode-Filtering Scheme for Improvement of the Bandwidth-Distance Product in Multimode Fiber Systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1125-1131 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sayed, A. H.

Shah, R.

Shore, K. A.

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, and K. A. Shore, "Transmission Performance of Adaptively Modulated Optical OFDM Signals in Multimode Fiber Links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 205-207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. W.

X. J. Gu, W. Mohammed, and P. W. Smith, "Demonstration of All-Fiber WDM for Multimode Fiber Local Area Networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 244-246 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, H. R.

H. R. Stuart, "Dispersive multiplexing in multimode fiber," Science 289, 305-307 (2000).

Tang, J. M.

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, and K. A. Shore, "Transmission Performance of Adaptively Modulated Optical OFDM Signals in Multimode Fiber Links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 205-207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tarighat, A.

Tyler, E. J.

Walker, S. D.

E. J. Tyler, P. Kourtessis, M. Webster, E. Rochat, T. Quinlan, S. E. M. Dudley, S. D. Walker, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, "Toward Terabit-per-second capacities over multimode fiber links using SCM/WDM techniques," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3237-3243 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Kourtessis, T. Quinlan, E. Rochat, S. D. Walker, M. Webster, I. H. White, R. V. Penty, and M. C. Parker, "0.6 Tbit/s/km multimode fiber feasibility experiment using 40 channel DWDM over quadrature-subcarrier transmission," Electron. Lett. 38, 813-815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Webster, M.

E. J. Tyler, P. Kourtessis, M. Webster, E. Rochat, T. Quinlan, S. E. M. Dudley, S. D. Walker, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, "Toward Terabit-per-second capacities over multimode fiber links using SCM/WDM techniques," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3237-3243 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Kourtessis, T. Quinlan, E. Rochat, S. D. Walker, M. Webster, I. H. White, R. V. Penty, and M. C. Parker, "0.6 Tbit/s/km multimode fiber feasibility experiment using 40 channel DWDM over quadrature-subcarrier transmission," Electron. Lett. 38, 813-815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Welch, D. F.

R. A. Panicker, J. P. Wilde, J. M. Khan, D. F. Welch, and I. Lyubomirsky, "10x10 Gb/s DWDM Transmission Through 2.2-km Multimode Fiber Using Adaptive Optics," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1154-1156 (2007).
[CrossRef]

White, I. H.

M. E. A. Diab, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, "10-Gb/s Transmission on Single-Wavelength Multichannel SCM-Based FDDI-Grade MMF Links at Length Over 300 m: A Statistical Investigation," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 2976-2983 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Tyler, P. Kourtessis, M. Webster, E. Rochat, T. Quinlan, S. E. M. Dudley, S. D. Walker, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, "Toward Terabit-per-second capacities over multimode fiber links using SCM/WDM techniques," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 3237-3243 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Kourtessis, T. Quinlan, E. Rochat, S. D. Walker, M. Webster, I. H. White, R. V. Penty, and M. C. Parker, "0.6 Tbit/s/km multimode fiber feasibility experiment using 40 channel DWDM over quadrature-subcarrier transmission," Electron. Lett. 38, 813-815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Raddatz and I. H. White, "Overcoming the Modal Bandwidth Limitation of Multimode Fiber by Using Passband Modulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 266-268 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wilde, J. P.

R. A. Panicker, J. P. Wilde, J. M. Khan, D. F. Welch, and I. Lyubomirsky, "10x10 Gb/s DWDM Transmission Through 2.2-km Multimode Fiber Using Adaptive Optics," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1154-1156 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yam, S. S. H.

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. Kourtessis, T. Quinlan, E. Rochat, S. D. Walker, M. Webster, I. H. White, R. V. Penty, and M. C. Parker, "0.6 Tbit/s/km multimode fiber feasibility experiment using 40 channel DWDM over quadrature-subcarrier transmission," Electron. Lett. 38, 813-815 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

X. J. Gu, W. Mohammed, and P. W. Smith, "Demonstration of All-Fiber WDM for Multimode Fiber Local Area Networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 244-246 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Panicker, J. P. Wilde, J. M. Khan, D. F. Welch, and I. Lyubomirsky, "10x10 Gb/s DWDM Transmission Through 2.2-km Multimode Fiber Using Adaptive Optics," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1154-1156 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. V. Olmos, and A. Ng�??Oma, "Bidirectional radio-over-fiber link employing optical frequency multiplication," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 241-243 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Raddatz and I. H. White, "Overcoming the Modal Bandwidth Limitation of Multimode Fiber by Using Passband Modulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 266-268 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, and K. A. Shore, "Transmission Performance of Adaptively Modulated Optical OFDM Signals in Multimode Fiber Links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 205-207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

S. Kanprachar and I. Jacobs, "Diversity Of Coding for Subcarrier Multiplexing on Multimode Fibers," IEEE Trans. Commun. 51, 1546-1553 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Science (1)

H. R. Stuart, "Dispersive multiplexing in multimode fiber," Science 289, 305-307 (2000).

Other (7)

D. H. Sim, Y. Takushima, and Y.C. Chung, "Transmission of 10-Gb/s and 40-Gb/s Signals over 3.7 km of Multimode Fiber using Mode-Field Matched Center Launching Technique," in Proceedings of OFC 2007, (Anaheim, USA, 200t), OTuL3.

D. Wake, S. Dupont, J. P. Vilcot, and A. J. Seeds, "32-QAM Radio transmission over multimode fibre beyond the fibre bandwidth," in Proceedings of Microwave Photonics 2001, (California, USA, 2001), 4 pp.

P. Hartmann, Xin Qian, A.  Wonfor, R. V. Penty, and I. H White, "1-20 GHz Directly Modulated Radio over MMF Link," in Proceedings of Microwave Photonics 2005, (Seoul, South Korea, 2005), pp. 95-98.

I. Gasulla and J. Capmany, "High-frequency Radio over fibre QPSK transmission through a 5 Km Multimode Fibre link," in Proceedings of 33rd European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, (Berlin, Germany, 2007), 2 pp.

M. J. Koonen, A. Ng'Oma, H. P. A. van den Boom, I. Tafur Monroy, and G. D. Khoe, "New techniques for extending the capabilities of multimode fibre networks," in Proceedings of NOC, (2003), pp. 204-211.

J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, F. Willems, J. W. M. Bergmans, and G. D. Khoe, "Broadband multi-service in-house networks using mode group diversity multiplexing," in Proceedings of POF conference, (2002), pp. 87-90.

M. de Boer, C. P. Tsekrekos, A. Martinez, H. Kurniawan, J. W. Bergmans, A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, and F. M. J. Willems, "A First Demonstrator For A Mode Group Diversity Multiplexing Communication System," in Proceedings of IEEE seminar on Optical Fibre Communication and Electrical Signal Processing, (London, England, 2005), pp. 16/1-16/5.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Block diagram of the experimental setup for WDM transmission

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured frequency response of the 5 km multimode fiber link

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Received eye diagram and quality factor Q for multimode detection

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Recovered eye diagrams and quality factors Q for every demultiplexed WDM channel

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Bit error rate versus optical received power for every WDM channel

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Power penalty for every WDM channel

Metrics