Abstract

We present a novel method for realizing a slow light with a broadband flat Brillouin gain and low distortion by using an optical frequency comb. We obtained a pump light consisting of 20 discrete line spectra using an optical frequency comb generation technique and a flat SBS gain with a 200 MHz bandwidth. We have realized a large relative pulse delay of 2.46 while suppressing the broadening factor to less than 1.19 for a pulse with a duration of 5.44 ns.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, "�??Slow�?? and �??Fast�?? Light," in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2002), Vol. 43, 497-530.
  2. K. Y. Song, M. Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, "Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering," Opt. Express 13, 82-88 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, Y. Okawachi, J. E. Sharping, A. L. Gaeta, R. W. Boyd, and A. E. Willner, "Numerical study of all-optical slow-light delays via stimulated Brillouin scattering in an optical fiber," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2378-2384 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, and A. Gaeta, "Wide bandwidth slow light using a Raman fiber amplifier," Opt. Express 13, 6092-6098 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. E. Shumakher, A. Willinger, R. Blit, D. Dahan, and G. Eisenstein, "Large tunable delay with low distortion of 10 Gbit/s data in a slow light system based on narrow band fiber parametric amplification," Opt. Express 14, 8540-8545 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. E. Shumakher, N. Orbach, A. Nevet, D. Dahan, and G. Eisenstein, "On the balance between delay, bandwidth and signal distortion in slow light systems based on stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers," Opt. Express 14, 5877-5884 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, L. Zhang, and A. E. Willner, "Broadband SBS Slow Light in an Optical Fiber," J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 201-206 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. Yi, Y. Jaouen, W. Hu, Y. Su, and S. Bigo, "Improved slow-light performance of 10 Gb/s NRZ, PSBT and DPSK signals in fiber broadband SBS," Opt. Express 15, 16972-16979 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, and D. J. Gauthier, "Optimal pump profile designs for broadband SBS slow-light systems," Opt. Express 16, 2764-2777 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. Schneider, M. Junker, K. U. Lauterbach, and R. Henker, "Distortion reduction in cascaded slow light delays," Electron. Lett. 42, 1110 - 1111 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Z. Lu, Y. Dong, and Q. Li, "Slow light in multi-line Brillouin gain spectrum," Opt. Express 15, 1871-1877 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. T. Schneider, R. Henker, K. -U. Lauterbach, and M. Junker, "Comparison of delay enhancement mechanisms for SBS-based slow light systems," Opt. Express 15, 9606-9613 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Z. Shi, R. Pant, Z. Zhu, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, D. J. Gauthier, and R. W. Boyd, "Design of a tunable time-delay element using multiple gain lines for increased fractional delay with high data fidelity, " Opt. Lett. 32, 1986-1988 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. Minardo, R. Bernini, and L. Zeni, "Low distortion Brillouin slow light in optical fibers using AM modulation," Opt. Express 14, 5866-5876 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. T. Yamamoto, T. Komukai, K. Suzuki, and A. Takada, "Spectrally flattened phase-locked multi-carrier light generator with phase modulators and chirped fibre Bragg grating," Electron. Lett. 43, 1040-1042 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Doi, M. Sugiyama, K. Tanaka, and M. Kawai, "Advanced LiNbO3 optical modulators for broadband optical communications," J. of Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 745-750 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Fujiwara, M. Teshima, J. -i. Kani, H. Suzuki, N. Takachio, and K. Iwatsuki, "Optical carrier supply module using flattened optical multicarrier generation based on Sinusoidal Amplitude and Phase Hybrid Modulation, " J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2705-2714 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  18. K. Y. Song, M. G. Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, "Long optically controlled delays in optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 1782-1784 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2007 (6)

2006 (5)

2005 (4)

2003 (1)

Bernini, R.

Bigo, S.

Blit, R.

Boyd, R. W.

Dahan, D.

Dawes, A. M. C.

Doi, M.

M. Doi, M. Sugiyama, K. Tanaka, and M. Kawai, "Advanced LiNbO3 optical modulators for broadband optical communications," J. of Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 745-750 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Y.

Eisenstein, G.

Fujiwara, M.

Gaeta, A.

Gaeta, A. L.

Gauthier, D. J.

Henker, R.

T. Schneider, R. Henker, K. -U. Lauterbach, and M. Junker, "Comparison of delay enhancement mechanisms for SBS-based slow light systems," Opt. Express 15, 9606-9613 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schneider, M. Junker, K. U. Lauterbach, and R. Henker, "Distortion reduction in cascaded slow light delays," Electron. Lett. 42, 1110 - 1111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Herráez, M.

Herráez, M. G.

Hu, W.

Iwatsuki, K.

Jaouen, Y.

Junker, M.

T. Schneider, R. Henker, K. -U. Lauterbach, and M. Junker, "Comparison of delay enhancement mechanisms for SBS-based slow light systems," Opt. Express 15, 9606-9613 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schneider, M. Junker, K. U. Lauterbach, and R. Henker, "Distortion reduction in cascaded slow light delays," Electron. Lett. 42, 1110 - 1111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kani, J. -i.

Kawai, M.

M. Doi, M. Sugiyama, K. Tanaka, and M. Kawai, "Advanced LiNbO3 optical modulators for broadband optical communications," J. of Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 745-750 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Komukai, T.

T. Yamamoto, T. Komukai, K. Suzuki, and A. Takada, "Spectrally flattened phase-locked multi-carrier light generator with phase modulators and chirped fibre Bragg grating," Electron. Lett. 43, 1040-1042 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lauterbach, K. U.

T. Schneider, M. Junker, K. U. Lauterbach, and R. Henker, "Distortion reduction in cascaded slow light delays," Electron. Lett. 42, 1110 - 1111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lauterbach, K. -U.

Li, Q.

Lu, Z.

Minardo, A.

Neifeld, M. A.

Nevet, A.

Okawachi, Y.

Orbach, N.

Pant, R.

Schneider, T.

T. Schneider, R. Henker, K. -U. Lauterbach, and M. Junker, "Comparison of delay enhancement mechanisms for SBS-based slow light systems," Opt. Express 15, 9606-9613 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schneider, M. Junker, K. U. Lauterbach, and R. Henker, "Distortion reduction in cascaded slow light delays," Electron. Lett. 42, 1110 - 1111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sharping, J.

Sharping, J. E.

Shi, Z.

Shumakher, E.

Song, K. Y.

Stenner, M. D.

Su, Y.

Sugiyama, M.

M. Doi, M. Sugiyama, K. Tanaka, and M. Kawai, "Advanced LiNbO3 optical modulators for broadband optical communications," J. of Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 745-750 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, H.

Suzuki, K.

T. Yamamoto, T. Komukai, K. Suzuki, and A. Takada, "Spectrally flattened phase-locked multi-carrier light generator with phase modulators and chirped fibre Bragg grating," Electron. Lett. 43, 1040-1042 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Takachio, N.

Takada, A.

T. Yamamoto, T. Komukai, K. Suzuki, and A. Takada, "Spectrally flattened phase-locked multi-carrier light generator with phase modulators and chirped fibre Bragg grating," Electron. Lett. 43, 1040-1042 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

M. Doi, M. Sugiyama, K. Tanaka, and M. Kawai, "Advanced LiNbO3 optical modulators for broadband optical communications," J. of Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 745-750 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Teshima, M.

Thévenaz, L.

Willinger, A.

Willner, A. E.

Yamamoto, T.

T. Yamamoto, T. Komukai, K. Suzuki, and A. Takada, "Spectrally flattened phase-locked multi-carrier light generator with phase modulators and chirped fibre Bragg grating," Electron. Lett. 43, 1040-1042 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yi, L.

Zeni, L.

Zhang, L.

Zhu, Z.

Electron. Lett. (2)

T. Schneider, M. Junker, K. U. Lauterbach, and R. Henker, "Distortion reduction in cascaded slow light delays," Electron. Lett. 42, 1110 - 1111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamamoto, T. Komukai, K. Suzuki, and A. Takada, "Spectrally flattened phase-locked multi-carrier light generator with phase modulators and chirped fibre Bragg grating," Electron. Lett. 43, 1040-1042 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. of Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Doi, M. Sugiyama, K. Tanaka, and M. Kawai, "Advanced LiNbO3 optical modulators for broadband optical communications," J. of Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 745-750 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (9)

J. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, and A. Gaeta, "Wide bandwidth slow light using a Raman fiber amplifier," Opt. Express 13, 6092-6098 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Shumakher, A. Willinger, R. Blit, D. Dahan, and G. Eisenstein, "Large tunable delay with low distortion of 10 Gbit/s data in a slow light system based on narrow band fiber parametric amplification," Opt. Express 14, 8540-8545 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Shumakher, N. Orbach, A. Nevet, D. Dahan, and G. Eisenstein, "On the balance between delay, bandwidth and signal distortion in slow light systems based on stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers," Opt. Express 14, 5877-5884 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Yi, Y. Jaouen, W. Hu, Y. Su, and S. Bigo, "Improved slow-light performance of 10 Gb/s NRZ, PSBT and DPSK signals in fiber broadband SBS," Opt. Express 15, 16972-16979 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Pant, M. D. Stenner, M. A. Neifeld, and D. J. Gauthier, "Optimal pump profile designs for broadband SBS slow-light systems," Opt. Express 16, 2764-2777 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Song, M. Herráez, and L. Thévenaz, "Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering," Opt. Express 13, 82-88 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Lu, Y. Dong, and Q. Li, "Slow light in multi-line Brillouin gain spectrum," Opt. Express 15, 1871-1877 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schneider, R. Henker, K. -U. Lauterbach, and M. Junker, "Comparison of delay enhancement mechanisms for SBS-based slow light systems," Opt. Express 15, 9606-9613 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Minardo, R. Bernini, and L. Zeni, "Low distortion Brillouin slow light in optical fibers using AM modulation," Opt. Express 14, 5866-5876 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

R. W. Boyd and D. J. Gauthier, "�??Slow�?? and �??Fast�?? Light," in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2002), Vol. 43, 497-530.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Optical frequency comb generator

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Spectrum of (a) optical frequency comb and (b) SBS gain

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spectrum of (a) optical frequency comb and (b) SBS gain with a DC bias voltage adjustment

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Calculated results of the SBS gain fluctuation contour map between modulation index Δθ and normalized DC bias voltage for an f m of 10 MHz

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Experimental setup

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Pulse waveforms of experimental results

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Broadening factor as a function of relative pulse delay of the experimental (square), and the simulation results (dashed line)

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E ( v ) z = j k ( v ) E ( v )
k ( v ) = p ( v ) g B ( v )
g B ( v ) = g 0 2 Δ v B j Δ v B + 2 ( v ( v p v B ) )
P n = E 0 J n ( Δ θ ) 2
Δ θ = π · V pp ( 2 · V π )

Metrics