Abstract

We report on a Tm3+-doped fiber laser source operating at 1936.4 nm with a very narrow linewidth (50 pm) laser output. Up to 2.4 W cw laser power was obtained from an 82 cm long Tm3+-doped multimodecore fiber cladding pumped by a 792 nm laser diode (LD). The fiber laser cavity included a high-reflective dichroic and a low-reflective FBG output coupler. The multimode fiber Bragg grating (FBG) transmission spectrum and output laser spectrum were measured. By adjusting the distance between the dichroic and the Tm3+-doped fiber end, the multipeak laser spectrum changed to a single-peak laser spectrum.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Frith, D. G. Lancaster, and S. D. Jackson, "85W Tm3+-doped silica fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 687-688 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. Frith and D. G. Lancaster, "High power 2μm Tm3+-doped fibre lasers," Proc. SPIE 5620, 36-45 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Frith and D. G. Lancaster, "Power scalable and efficient 790 nm pumped Tm3+-doped fibre lasers," Proc. SPIE 6102, 610208 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Meleshkevich, N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, and A. Drozhzhin, "415W single-mode CW thulium fiber laser in all-fiber format," In Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2007 and the International Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO/IQEC 2007, Munich, Germany), paper CP 2-3-THU.
  5. S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, "Application and development of high-power and highly efficient silica-based fiber lasers operating at 2μm," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567-572 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Jovanovic, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, G. Town, and M. J. Withford, "Compact, all fibre, linearly polarised, single-mode Ytterbium doped fibre laser utilizing point-by-point inscribed intra-core fibre Bragg gratings," Proc. SPIE 6801, 68010O (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. H. Huang, G. S. Qin, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and K. Ueda, "Single frequency 1083 nm ytterbium doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier laser," Opt. Express 13, 7113-7117 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. Spiegelberg, J, Geng, Y. Hu, and Y. Kaneda, "Low-noise narrow-linewidth fiber laser at 1550 nm (June 2003)," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57-62 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Agger, J. H. Povlsen, and P. Varming, "Single-frequency thulium-doped distributed-feedback fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 1503-1505 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Nemanja, A. Mattias, F. Alexander, S. D. Jackson, and D. M Graham, "Narrow (100 pm) linewidth fibre laser operating in excess of 50 W," In Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2007 and the International Quantum Electronics Conference. (CLEO/IQEC 2007, Munich, Germany), paper CP 2-1-THU.
  11. Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, J. K. Sahu, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, C. Codemard, M. R. Mokhtar, and J. Nilsson, "A 43-W C-band tunable narrow-linewidth erbium-ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser" IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 756-758 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Mizunami,T. V. Djambova, T. Niiho, and S. Gupta, "Bragg gratings in multimode and few-mode optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 230-235(2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. C. Yeh, M. J. Shelton, Y. H. Tsang, and T. A. King, "Fabrication and characterization of fiber Bragg gratings for near 2μm operation," Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 1747-1752 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. G. Lu and Y. P. Cui, "Fiber Bragg grating spectra in multimode optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 598-604 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2008

N. Jovanovic, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, G. Town, and M. J. Withford, "Compact, all fibre, linearly polarised, single-mode Ytterbium doped fibre laser utilizing point-by-point inscribed intra-core fibre Bragg gratings," Proc. SPIE 6801, 68010O (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, "Application and development of high-power and highly efficient silica-based fiber lasers operating at 2μm," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567-572 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

G. Frith and D. G. Lancaster, "Power scalable and efficient 790 nm pumped Tm3+-doped fibre lasers," Proc. SPIE 6102, 610208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Lu and Y. P. Cui, "Fiber Bragg grating spectra in multimode optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 598-604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

G. Frith and D. G. Lancaster, "High power 2μm Tm3+-doped fibre lasers," Proc. SPIE 5620, 36-45 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, J. K. Sahu, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, C. Codemard, M. R. Mokhtar, and J. Nilsson, "A 43-W C-band tunable narrow-linewidth erbium-ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser" IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 756-758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Spiegelberg, J, Geng, Y. Hu, and Y. Kaneda, "Low-noise narrow-linewidth fiber laser at 1550 nm (June 2003)," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 57-62 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

H. C. Yeh, M. J. Shelton, Y. H. Tsang, and T. A. King, "Fabrication and characterization of fiber Bragg gratings for near 2μm operation," Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 1747-1752 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000

Agger, S.

Alegria, C.

Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, J. K. Sahu, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, C. Codemard, M. R. Mokhtar, and J. Nilsson, "A 43-W C-band tunable narrow-linewidth erbium-ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser" IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 756-758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Codemard, C.

Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, J. K. Sahu, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, C. Codemard, M. R. Mokhtar, and J. Nilsson, "A 43-W C-band tunable narrow-linewidth erbium-ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser" IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 756-758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cui, Y. P.

Djambova, T. V.

Frith, G.

G. Frith and D. G. Lancaster, "Power scalable and efficient 790 nm pumped Tm3+-doped fibre lasers," Proc. SPIE 6102, 610208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Frith, D. G. Lancaster, and S. D. Jackson, "85W Tm3+-doped silica fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 687-688 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Frith and D. G. Lancaster, "High power 2μm Tm3+-doped fibre lasers," Proc. SPIE 5620, 36-45 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fu, L.

Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, J. K. Sahu, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, C. Codemard, M. R. Mokhtar, and J. Nilsson, "A 43-W C-band tunable narrow-linewidth erbium-ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser" IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 756-758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fuerbach, A.

N. Jovanovic, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, G. Town, and M. J. Withford, "Compact, all fibre, linearly polarised, single-mode Ytterbium doped fibre laser utilizing point-by-point inscribed intra-core fibre Bragg gratings," Proc. SPIE 6801, 68010O (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, S.

Huang, S. H.

Ibsen, M.

Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, J. K. Sahu, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, C. Codemard, M. R. Mokhtar, and J. Nilsson, "A 43-W C-band tunable narrow-linewidth erbium-ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser" IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 756-758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, S. D.

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, "Application and development of high-power and highly efficient silica-based fiber lasers operating at 2μm," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567-572 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Frith, D. G. Lancaster, and S. D. Jackson, "85W Tm3+-doped silica fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 687-688 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, Y.

Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, J. K. Sahu, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, C. Codemard, M. R. Mokhtar, and J. Nilsson, "A 43-W C-band tunable narrow-linewidth erbium-ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser" IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 756-758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jovanovic, N.

N. Jovanovic, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, G. Town, and M. J. Withford, "Compact, all fibre, linearly polarised, single-mode Ytterbium doped fibre laser utilizing point-by-point inscribed intra-core fibre Bragg gratings," Proc. SPIE 6801, 68010O (2008).
[CrossRef]

King, T. A.

H. C. Yeh, M. J. Shelton, Y. H. Tsang, and T. A. King, "Fabrication and characterization of fiber Bragg gratings for near 2μm operation," Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 1747-1752 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lancaster, D. G.

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, "Application and development of high-power and highly efficient silica-based fiber lasers operating at 2μm," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567-572 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Frith and D. G. Lancaster, "Power scalable and efficient 790 nm pumped Tm3+-doped fibre lasers," Proc. SPIE 6102, 610208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Frith, D. G. Lancaster, and S. D. Jackson, "85W Tm3+-doped silica fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 687-688 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Frith and D. G. Lancaster, "High power 2μm Tm3+-doped fibre lasers," Proc. SPIE 5620, 36-45 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C. G.

Marshall, G. D.

N. Jovanovic, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, G. Town, and M. J. Withford, "Compact, all fibre, linearly polarised, single-mode Ytterbium doped fibre laser utilizing point-by-point inscribed intra-core fibre Bragg gratings," Proc. SPIE 6801, 68010O (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mizunami, T.

Mokhtar, M. R.

Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, J. K. Sahu, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, C. Codemard, M. R. Mokhtar, and J. Nilsson, "A 43-W C-band tunable narrow-linewidth erbium-ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser" IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 756-758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Musha, M.

Niiho, T.

Nilsson, J.

Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, J. K. Sahu, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, C. Codemard, M. R. Mokhtar, and J. Nilsson, "A 43-W C-band tunable narrow-linewidth erbium-ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser" IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 756-758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Povlsen, J. H.

Qin, G. S.

Sabella, A.

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, "Application and development of high-power and highly efficient silica-based fiber lasers operating at 2μm," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567-572 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, J. K. Sahu, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, C. Codemard, M. R. Mokhtar, and J. Nilsson, "A 43-W C-band tunable narrow-linewidth erbium-ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser" IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 756-758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shelton, M. J.

H. C. Yeh, M. J. Shelton, Y. H. Tsang, and T. A. King, "Fabrication and characterization of fiber Bragg gratings for near 2μm operation," Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 1747-1752 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shirakawa, A.

Spiegelberg, C.

Town, G.

N. Jovanovic, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, G. Town, and M. J. Withford, "Compact, all fibre, linearly polarised, single-mode Ytterbium doped fibre laser utilizing point-by-point inscribed intra-core fibre Bragg gratings," Proc. SPIE 6801, 68010O (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, Y. H.

H. C. Yeh, M. J. Shelton, Y. H. Tsang, and T. A. King, "Fabrication and characterization of fiber Bragg gratings for near 2μm operation," Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 1747-1752 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

Varming, P.

Withford, M. J.

N. Jovanovic, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, G. Town, and M. J. Withford, "Compact, all fibre, linearly polarised, single-mode Ytterbium doped fibre laser utilizing point-by-point inscribed intra-core fibre Bragg gratings," Proc. SPIE 6801, 68010O (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, H. C.

H. C. Yeh, M. J. Shelton, Y. H. Tsang, and T. A. King, "Fabrication and characterization of fiber Bragg gratings for near 2μm operation," Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 1747-1752 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

G. Frith, D. G. Lancaster, and S. D. Jackson, "85W Tm3+-doped silica fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 687-688 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

S. D. Jackson, A. Sabella, and D. G. Lancaster, "Application and development of high-power and highly efficient silica-based fiber lasers operating at 2μm," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 567-572 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Y. Jeong, C. Alegria, J. K. Sahu, L. Fu, M. Ibsen, C. Codemard, M. R. Mokhtar, and J. Nilsson, "A 43-W C-band tunable narrow-linewidth erbium-ytterbium codoped large-core fiber laser" IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 756-758 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Meas. Sci. Technol.

H. C. Yeh, M. J. Shelton, Y. H. Tsang, and T. A. King, "Fabrication and characterization of fiber Bragg gratings for near 2μm operation," Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 1747-1752 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

N. Jovanovic, G. D. Marshall, A. Fuerbach, G. Town, and M. J. Withford, "Compact, all fibre, linearly polarised, single-mode Ytterbium doped fibre laser utilizing point-by-point inscribed intra-core fibre Bragg gratings," Proc. SPIE 6801, 68010O (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Frith and D. G. Lancaster, "High power 2μm Tm3+-doped fibre lasers," Proc. SPIE 5620, 36-45 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Frith and D. G. Lancaster, "Power scalable and efficient 790 nm pumped Tm3+-doped fibre lasers," Proc. SPIE 6102, 610208 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. Meleshkevich, N. Platonov, D. Gapontsev, and A. Drozhzhin, "415W single-mode CW thulium fiber laser in all-fiber format," In Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2007 and the International Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO/IQEC 2007, Munich, Germany), paper CP 2-3-THU.

J. Nemanja, A. Mattias, F. Alexander, S. D. Jackson, and D. M Graham, "Narrow (100 pm) linewidth fibre laser operating in excess of 50 W," In Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2007 and the International Quantum Electronics Conference. (CLEO/IQEC 2007, Munich, Germany), paper CP 2-1-THU.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of the linewidth Tm3+-doped fiber laser.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured transmission spectrum of the passive FBG fiber.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output laser spectrum measured from the FBG fiber end. (a) The dichroic was removed from the Tm3+-doped fiber end. (b) The dichroic was butted to the Tm3+-doped fiber end.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output laser spectrum measured from FBG fiber end. (a) The dichroic moved a space of about >10 µm from the Tm3+-doped fiber end. (b) Increasing the space until the output spectrum was single peak.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Output narrow linewidth laser power as a function of the launched pump power.

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