Abstract

Spectral correlation of photon pairs generated in dispersion shifted fiber by a pulsed pump is theoretically analyzed and experimentally investigated. We first calculate the spectral function of photon pairs according to the deduced two-photon state generated by spontaneous four wave mixing under the assumptions close to the real experimental conditions. We then experimentally study the spectral property of the signal and idler photon pairs generated in optical fiber by photon correlation measurements, and the experimental results agree with the calculation. The investigation is useful for developing fiber-based sources of entangled photon pairs and for studying multi-photon quantum interference with multiple photon pairs.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. J. W. Pan, D. Bouwmeester, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental entanglement swapping: entangling photons that never interacted," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3891-3894 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Z. Zhao, Y. A. Chen, A. N. Zhang, T. Yang, H. J. Briegel, and J. W. Pan, "Experimental demonstration of fivephoton entanglement and open-destination quantum teleportation," Nature 430, 54-58 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Zukowski, A. Zeilinger, and H. Weinfurter, "Entangling Photons radiated by independent pulsed sources," Ann. Acad. Sci. (NY) 755, 91-102 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. Z. Y. Ou and Y. J. Lu, "Cavity enhanced spontaneous parametric down-conversion for the prolongation of correlation time between conjugate photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2556-2559 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  14. H. Takesue and K. Inoue, "Generation of 1.5-um band time-bin entanglement using spontaneous fiber four-wave mixing and planar lightwave circuit interferometers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 041,804 (2005).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. H. Takesue and K. Inoue, "1.5 um band quantum-correlated photon pair generation in dispersion-shifted fiber: suppression of noise photons by cooling fiber," Opt. Express 13, 7832-7839 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  23. O. Alibart, J. Fulconis, G. K. L. Wong, S. G. Murdoch,W. J. Wadsworth, and J. G. Rarity, "Photon pair generation using four-wave mixing in a microstructured fibre: theory versus experiment," New J. of Phys. 8, 67 (2006).
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  26. X. Li, J. Chen, K. F. Lee, P. L. Voss, and P. Kumar, "All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum communication: Influence of spectra," Proceeding of Quantum Communication and Measurement QCMC’ 06, 31-34 (2006).
  27. Z. Y. Ou, J. K. Rhee, and L. J. Wang, "Photon bunching and multiphoton interference in parametric down- conversion," Phys. Rev. A 60, 593-604 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (2)

M. Halder, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, V. Scarani, C. Simon, and H. Zbinden, "Entangling independent photons by time measurement," Nat. Phys. 3, 692-695 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Garay-Palmett, H. J. McGuinness, O. Cohen, J. S. Lundeen, R. Rangel-Rojo, A. B. U’Ren, M. G. Raymer, C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and I. A. Walmsley, "Photon pair-state preparation with tailored spectral properties by spontaneous four-wave mixing in photonic-crystal fiber," Opt. Express 15, 14,870-14,886 (2007).

2006 (3)

X. Li, J. Chen, K. F. Lee, P. L. Voss, and P. Kumar, "All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum communication: Influence of spectra," Proceeding of Quantum Communication and Measurement QCMC’ 06, 31-34 (2006).

K. F. Lee, J. Chen, C. Liang, X. Li, P. L. Voss, and P. Kumar, "Generation of high-purity telecom-band entangled photon pairs in dispersion-shifted fiber," Opt. Lett. 31, 1905-1907 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Alibart, J. Fulconis, G. K. L. Wong, S. G. Murdoch,W. J. Wadsworth, and J. G. Rarity, "Photon pair generation using four-wave mixing in a microstructured fibre: theory versus experiment," New J. of Phys. 8, 67 (2006).

2005 (7)

J. Chen, X. Li, and P. Kumar, "Two-photon-state generation via four-wave mixing in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 033,801 (2005).

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "Optical-fiber source of polarization-entangled photons in the 1550 nm telecom band," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053,601 (2005).

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, "Generation of 1.5-um band time-bin entanglement using spontaneous fiber four-wave mixing and planar lightwave circuit interferometers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 041,804 (2005).

J. G. Rarity, J. Fulconis, J. Duligall, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. S. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fiber source of correlated photon pairs," Opt. Express 13, 534-544 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Fan, A. Dogariu, and L. J. Wang, "Generation of correlated photon pairs in a microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 30, 1530-1532 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Fulconis, O. Alibart, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. Russell, and J. G. Rarity, "High brightness single mode source of correlated photon pairs using a photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 13, 7572-7582 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, "1.5 um band quantum-correlated photon pair generation in dispersion-shifted fiber: suppression of noise photons by cooling fiber," Opt. Express 13, 7832-7839 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

X. Li, J. Chen, P. L. Voss, J. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum communications: Improved generation of correlated photons," Opt. Express 12, 3737-3744 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Inoue and K. Shimizu, "Generation of quantum-correlated photon pairs in optical fiber: Influence of spontaneous Raman Scattering," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 43, 8048-8052 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhao, Y. A. Chen, A. N. Zhang, T. Yang, H. J. Briegel, and J. W. Pan, "Experimental demonstration of fivephoton entanglement and open-destination quantum teleportation," Nature 430, 54-58 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum communication," Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 983-985 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

W. P. Grice, A. B. U’ren, and I. A.Walmsley, "Eliminating frequency and space-time correlations in multi-photon states," Phys. Rev. A 64, 063,815 (2001).

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

Z. Y. Ou and Y. J. Lu, "Cavity enhanced spontaneous parametric down-conversion for the prolongation of correlation time between conjugate photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2556-2559 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Ou, J. K. Rhee, and L. J. Wang, "Photon bunching and multiphoton interference in parametric down- conversion," Phys. Rev. A 60, 593-604 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. W. Pan, D. Bouwmeester, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental entanglement swapping: entangling photons that never interacted," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3891-3894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental quantum teleportation," Nature 390, 575-579 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Q3. Z. Y. Ou, "Parametric down-conversion with coherent pulse pumping and quantum interference between independent fields," Quantum Semiclass Opt. 9, 599-614 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

M. Zukowski, A. Zeilinger, and H. Weinfurter, "Entangling Photons radiated by independent pulsed sources," Ann. Acad. Sci. (NY) 755, 91-102 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, "New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4341 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

B. Yurke and D. Stoler, "Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen effects from independent particle sources," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1251-1254 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Acad. Sci. (1)

M. Zukowski, A. Zeilinger, and H. Weinfurter, "Entangling Photons radiated by independent pulsed sources," Ann. Acad. Sci. (NY) 755, 91-102 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys (1)

K. Inoue and K. Shimizu, "Generation of quantum-correlated photon pairs in optical fiber: Influence of spontaneous Raman Scattering," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys 43, 8048-8052 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

M. Halder, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, V. Scarani, C. Simon, and H. Zbinden, "Entangling independent photons by time measurement," Nat. Phys. 3, 692-695 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (3)

D. Bouwmeester, J. W. Pan, K. Mattle, M. Eibl, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental quantum teleportation," Nature 390, 575-579 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhao, Y. A. Chen, A. N. Zhang, T. Yang, H. J. Briegel, and J. W. Pan, "Experimental demonstration of fivephoton entanglement and open-destination quantum teleportation," Nature 430, 54-58 (2004).
[CrossRef]

New J. of Phys. (1)

O. Alibart, J. Fulconis, G. K. L. Wong, S. G. Murdoch,W. J. Wadsworth, and J. G. Rarity, "Photon pair generation using four-wave mixing in a microstructured fibre: theory versus experiment," New J. of Phys. 8, 67 (2006).

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum communication," Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 983-985 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (4)

W. P. Grice, A. B. U’ren, and I. A.Walmsley, "Eliminating frequency and space-time correlations in multi-photon states," Phys. Rev. A 64, 063,815 (2001).

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, "Generation of 1.5-um band time-bin entanglement using spontaneous fiber four-wave mixing and planar lightwave circuit interferometers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 041,804 (2005).

J. Chen, X. Li, and P. Kumar, "Two-photon-state generation via four-wave mixing in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 72, 033,801 (2005).

Z. Y. Ou, J. K. Rhee, and L. J. Wang, "Photon bunching and multiphoton interference in parametric down- conversion," Phys. Rev. A 60, 593-604 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "Optical-fiber source of polarization-entangled photons in the 1550 nm telecom band," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 053,601 (2005).

B. Yurke and D. Stoler, "Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen effects from independent particle sources," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1251-1254 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Pan, D. Bouwmeester, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental entanglement swapping: entangling photons that never interacted," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3891-3894 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, A. Zeilinger, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, "New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4341 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Ou and Y. J. Lu, "Cavity enhanced spontaneous parametric down-conversion for the prolongation of correlation time between conjugate photons," Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2556-2559 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Proceeding of Quantum Communication and Measurement QCMC (1)

X. Li, J. Chen, K. F. Lee, P. L. Voss, and P. Kumar, "All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum communication: Influence of spectra," Proceeding of Quantum Communication and Measurement QCMC’ 06, 31-34 (2006).

Quantum Semiclass Opt. (1)

Q3. Z. Y. Ou, "Parametric down-conversion with coherent pulse pumping and quantum interference between independent fields," Quantum Semiclass Opt. 9, 599-614 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Elsevier Pte Ltd., Singapore, 2005).

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