Abstract

Femtosecond pulse amplification by a two-photon arranged photorefractive amplifier (TAPA) has been demonstrated. A gain bandwidth of 32 THz has been achieved with an extraction efficiency of 27 %.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. A. Ahkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. I. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, "Optically induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72-74 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Horowitz, and B. Fischer, Y. Barad, and Y. Silberberg, "Photorefractive effect in a BaTiO3 crystal at the 1.5-μm wavelength regime by two-photon absorption," Opt. Lett. 21, 1120-1122 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. H-T. Hsieh, D. Psaltis, O. Beyer, D. Maxein, C. K. Schemesing, K. Buse, and B. Sturman, "Femtosecond holography in lithium niobate crystal," Opt. Lett. 30, 2233-2235 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. Nishioka, H. Tomita, K. Hayakawa, and K. Ueda, "All-optical temporal phase correction scheme for few-cycle optical pulses using diffractive optics," Opt. Express 14, 7447-7455 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. O. Beyer, D. Maxein, K. Buse, B. Sturman, H. T. Hsieh and D. Psaltis, "Femtosecond time-resolved absorption processes in lithium niobate crystals," Opt. Lett. 30, 1366-1368 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. E. Chiou and P. Yeh, "Laser-beam cleanup using photorefractive two-wave mixing and optical phase conjugation," Opt. Lett. 11, 461-463 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. Xia, X. Zeng, J. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, and Q. Nie, "Optical absorption spectra of LiNbO3, and Zn:Fe:LiNbO3 single crystals grown by Bridgman method," Cryst. Res. Technol. 39, 337-342 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. I. McMichael and P. Yeh, "Phase shifts of photorefractive gratings and phase-conjugate waves," Opt. Lett. 12, 48-50 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

H. Xia, X. Zeng, J. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, and Q. Nie, "Optical absorption spectra of LiNbO3, and Zn:Fe:LiNbO3 single crystals grown by Bridgman method," Cryst. Res. Technol. 39, 337-342 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1986 (1)

1966 (1)

A. A. Ahkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. I. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, "Optically induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72-74 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Ahkin, A. A.

A. A. Ahkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. I. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, "Optically induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72-74 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Ballman, A. A.

A. A. Ahkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. I. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, "Optically induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72-74 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Barad, Y.

Beyer, O.

Boyd, G. D.

A. A. Ahkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. I. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, "Optically induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72-74 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Buse, K.

Chiou, A. E.

Dziedzic, J. M.

A. A. Ahkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. I. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, "Optically induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72-74 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, B.

Hayakawa, K.

Horowitz, M.

Hsieh, H. T.

Hsieh, H-T.

Levinstein, J. I.

A. A. Ahkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. I. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, "Optically induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72-74 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Maxein, D.

Nassau, K.

A. A. Ahkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. I. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, "Optically induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72-74 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Nie, Q.

H. Xia, X. Zeng, J. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, and Q. Nie, "Optical absorption spectra of LiNbO3, and Zn:Fe:LiNbO3 single crystals grown by Bridgman method," Cryst. Res. Technol. 39, 337-342 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nishioka, H.

Psaltis, D.

Schemesing, C. K.

Silberberg, Y.

Smith, R. G.

A. A. Ahkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. I. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, "Optically induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72-74 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Sturman, B.

Tomita, H.

Ueda, K.

Wang, J.

H. Xia, X. Zeng, J. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, and Q. Nie, "Optical absorption spectra of LiNbO3, and Zn:Fe:LiNbO3 single crystals grown by Bridgman method," Cryst. Res. Technol. 39, 337-342 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xia, H.

H. Xia, X. Zeng, J. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, and Q. Nie, "Optical absorption spectra of LiNbO3, and Zn:Fe:LiNbO3 single crystals grown by Bridgman method," Cryst. Res. Technol. 39, 337-342 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

H. Xia, X. Zeng, J. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, and Q. Nie, "Optical absorption spectra of LiNbO3, and Zn:Fe:LiNbO3 single crystals grown by Bridgman method," Cryst. Res. Technol. 39, 337-342 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P.

Zeng, X.

H. Xia, X. Zeng, J. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, and Q. Nie, "Optical absorption spectra of LiNbO3, and Zn:Fe:LiNbO3 single crystals grown by Bridgman method," Cryst. Res. Technol. 39, 337-342 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

H. Xia, X. Zeng, J. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, and Q. Nie, "Optical absorption spectra of LiNbO3, and Zn:Fe:LiNbO3 single crystals grown by Bridgman method," Cryst. Res. Technol. 39, 337-342 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

H. Xia, X. Zeng, J. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, and Q. Nie, "Optical absorption spectra of LiNbO3, and Zn:Fe:LiNbO3 single crystals grown by Bridgman method," Cryst. Res. Technol. 39, 337-342 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. A. Ahkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. I. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, "Optically induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO3 and LiTaO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 9, 72-74 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Cryst. Res. Technol. (1)

H. Xia, X. Zeng, J. Wang, J. Zhang, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, and Q. Nie, "Optical absorption spectra of LiNbO3, and Zn:Fe:LiNbO3 single crystals grown by Bridgman method," Cryst. Res. Technol. 39, 337-342 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (1)

I. McMichael and P. Yeh, "Phase shifts of photorefractive gratings and phase-conjugate waves," Opt. Lett. 12, 48-50 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic illustration of the two-photon arranged photo-refractive amplifier: TAPA. Spatially chirped grating is written in the TAPA as a second order cross correlation function between the seed and pump pulses. The seed pulse is amplified by the pump pulse via the PR effect.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Comparison between absorption spectrum of Fe:LiNbO3 and a 9 fs IR laser pulse.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Diffraction efficiency of two-photon arranged grating as a function of time. Each spectrum is taken every 30 s exposure up to 420 s.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output spectra for different delay time between the seed and pump pulses (a), and peak frequency of the output spectra as a function of the delay time (b). A solid line in (b) shows group-delay-dispersion in the 40 mm-thick SiO2 pulse-stretcher.

Equations (3)

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β I α > 1 ,
I c = α β .
S ( λ ) β ( λ ) I p ( λ ) I s ( λ ) ,

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