Abstract

We report the first experiment on the optical modulation of dispersion forces through a change of the carrier density in a Si membrane. For this purpose a high-vacuum based atomic force microscope and excitation light pulses from an Ar laser are used. The experimental results are compared with two theoretical models. The modulation of the dispersion force will find applications in optomechanical micromachines.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. Mahanty and B. W. Ninham, Dispersion Forces (Academic Press, New York, 1976).
  2. P. W. Milonni, The Quantum Vacuum (Academic Press, Boston, 1994).
  3. M. Kardar and R. Golestanian, “The “friction” of vacuum and other fluctuation-induced forces,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1233–1245 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  4. V. A. Parsegian, Van der Waals Forces: A Handbook for Biologists, Chemists, Engineers, and Physicists (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2005).
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  5. E. V. Blagov, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Van der Waals interaction between microparticle and uniaxial crystal with application to hydrogen atoms and multiwall carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 235401-1–12 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  6. H. Oberst, Y. Tashiro, K. Shimizu, and F. Shimizu, “Quantum reflection of He* on silicon,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 052901-1–8 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  7. B. S. Stipe, M. J. Mamin, T. D. Stowe, T. W. Kenny, and D. Rugar, “Noncontact friction and force fluctuations between closely spaced bodies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 096801-1–4 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. E. Buks and M. L. Roukes, “Stiction, adhesion energy, and the Casimir effect in micromechanical systems,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 033402-1–4 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  9. R. S. Decca, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. López, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Improved test of extra-dimensional physics and thermal quantum field theory from new Casimir force measurements,” Phys. Rev. D 68, 116003-1–15 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  10. R. S. Decca, D. López, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Precise comparison of theory and new experiment for the Casimir force leads to stronger constraints on thermal quantum effects and long-range interactions,” Ann. Phys. 318, 37–80 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  11. R. S. Decca, D. López, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Tests of new physics from precise measurements of the Casimir pressure between two gold-coated plates,” arXiv: hep-ph/0703290; to appear in Phys. Rev. D.
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    [Crossref]
  13. E. M. Lifshitz and L. P. Pitaevskii, Statistical Physics. II (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980).
  14. B. Geyer, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Thermal quantum field theory and the Casimir interaction between dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. D 72, 085009-1–20 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  15. F. Chen, U. Mohideen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Investigation of the Casimir force between metal and semiconductor test bodies,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 020101(R)-1–4 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  16. F. Chen, U. Mohideen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Experimental test for the conductivity properties from the Casimir force between metal and semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 022103-1–14 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  17. F. Chen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, V. M. Mostepanenko, and U. Mohideen, “Demonstration of the difference in the Casimir force for samples with different charge-carrier densities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 170402-1–4 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. S. G. Rabinovich, Measurement Errors and Uncertainties (Springer, New York, 2000).
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    [Crossref]
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  22. E. Yablonovitch, D. L. Allara, C. C. Chang, T. Gmitter, and T. B. Bright, “Unusually low surface-recombination velocity on silicon and germanium surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 249–252 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. A. A. Maradudin and P. Mazur, “Effects of surface roughness on the van der Waals force between macroscopic bodies,” Phys. Rev. B 22, 1677–1686 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  24. J. M. Obrecht, R. J. Wild, M. Antezza, L. P. Pitaevskii, S. Stringari, and E. A. Cornell, “Measurement of the temperature dependence in the Casimir-Polder force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 063201-1–4 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

J. M. Obrecht, R. J. Wild, M. Antezza, L. P. Pitaevskii, S. Stringari, and E. A. Cornell, “Measurement of the temperature dependence in the Casimir-Polder force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 063201-1–4 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

F. Chen, U. Mohideen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Experimental test for the conductivity properties from the Casimir force between metal and semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 022103-1–14 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, V. M. Mostepanenko, and U. Mohideen, “Demonstration of the difference in the Casimir force for samples with different charge-carrier densities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 170402-1–4 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (5)

B. Geyer, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Thermal quantum field theory and the Casimir interaction between dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. D 72, 085009-1–20 (2005).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, U. Mohideen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Investigation of the Casimir force between metal and semiconductor test bodies,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 020101(R)-1–4 (2005).
[Crossref]

E. V. Blagov, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Van der Waals interaction between microparticle and uniaxial crystal with application to hydrogen atoms and multiwall carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 235401-1–12 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Oberst, Y. Tashiro, K. Shimizu, and F. Shimizu, “Quantum reflection of He* on silicon,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 052901-1–8 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. S. Decca, D. López, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Precise comparison of theory and new experiment for the Casimir force leads to stronger constraints on thermal quantum effects and long-range interactions,” Ann. Phys. 318, 37–80 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

R. S. Decca, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. López, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Improved test of extra-dimensional physics and thermal quantum field theory from new Casimir force measurements,” Phys. Rev. D 68, 116003-1–15 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (3)

M. Bordag, U. Mohideen, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “New developments in the Casimir effect,” Phys. Rep. 303, 1–205 (2001).
[Crossref]

B. S. Stipe, M. J. Mamin, T. D. Stowe, T. W. Kenny, and D. Rugar, “Noncontact friction and force fluctuations between closely spaced bodies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 096801-1–4 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Buks and M. L. Roukes, “Stiction, adhesion energy, and the Casimir effect in micromechanical systems,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 033402-1–4 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

M. Kardar and R. Golestanian, “The “friction” of vacuum and other fluctuation-induced forces,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1233–1245 (1999).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

1986 (1)

E. Yablonovitch, D. L. Allara, C. C. Chang, T. Gmitter, and T. B. Bright, “Unusually low surface-recombination velocity on silicon and germanium surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 249–252 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1980 (2)

A. A. Maradudin and P. Mazur, “Effects of surface roughness on the van der Waals force between macroscopic bodies,” Phys. Rev. B 22, 1677–1686 (1980).
[Crossref]

E. M. Lifshitz and L. P. Pitaevskii, Statistical Physics. II (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980).

1979 (1)

W. Arnold, S. Hunklinger, and K. Dransfeld, “Influence of optical absorption on the van der Waals interaction between solids,” Phys. Rev. B 19, 6049–6056 (1979).
[Crossref]

Allara, D. L.

E. Yablonovitch, D. L. Allara, C. C. Chang, T. Gmitter, and T. B. Bright, “Unusually low surface-recombination velocity on silicon and germanium surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 249–252 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Antezza, M.

J. M. Obrecht, R. J. Wild, M. Antezza, L. P. Pitaevskii, S. Stringari, and E. A. Cornell, “Measurement of the temperature dependence in the Casimir-Polder force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 063201-1–4 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arnold, W.

W. Arnold, S. Hunklinger, and K. Dransfeld, “Influence of optical absorption on the van der Waals interaction between solids,” Phys. Rev. B 19, 6049–6056 (1979).
[Crossref]

Blagov, E. V.

E. V. Blagov, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Van der Waals interaction between microparticle and uniaxial crystal with application to hydrogen atoms and multiwall carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 235401-1–12 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bordag, M.

M. Bordag, U. Mohideen, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “New developments in the Casimir effect,” Phys. Rep. 303, 1–205 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bright, T. B.

E. Yablonovitch, D. L. Allara, C. C. Chang, T. Gmitter, and T. B. Bright, “Unusually low surface-recombination velocity on silicon and germanium surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 249–252 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buks, E.

E. Buks and M. L. Roukes, “Stiction, adhesion energy, and the Casimir effect in micromechanical systems,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 033402-1–4 (2001).
[Crossref]

Chang, C. C.

E. Yablonovitch, D. L. Allara, C. C. Chang, T. Gmitter, and T. B. Bright, “Unusually low surface-recombination velocity on silicon and germanium surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 249–252 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, F.

F. Chen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, V. M. Mostepanenko, and U. Mohideen, “Demonstration of the difference in the Casimir force for samples with different charge-carrier densities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 170402-1–4 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Chen, U. Mohideen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Experimental test for the conductivity properties from the Casimir force between metal and semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 022103-1–14 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, U. Mohideen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Investigation of the Casimir force between metal and semiconductor test bodies,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 020101(R)-1–4 (2005).
[Crossref]

Cornell, E. A.

J. M. Obrecht, R. J. Wild, M. Antezza, L. P. Pitaevskii, S. Stringari, and E. A. Cornell, “Measurement of the temperature dependence in the Casimir-Polder force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 063201-1–4 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Decca, R. S.

R. S. Decca, D. López, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Precise comparison of theory and new experiment for the Casimir force leads to stronger constraints on thermal quantum effects and long-range interactions,” Ann. Phys. 318, 37–80 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. S. Decca, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. López, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Improved test of extra-dimensional physics and thermal quantum field theory from new Casimir force measurements,” Phys. Rev. D 68, 116003-1–15 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. S. Decca, D. López, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Tests of new physics from precise measurements of the Casimir pressure between two gold-coated plates,” arXiv: hep-ph/0703290; to appear in Phys. Rev. D.

Dodel, G.

Dransfeld, K.

W. Arnold, S. Hunklinger, and K. Dransfeld, “Influence of optical absorption on the van der Waals interaction between solids,” Phys. Rev. B 19, 6049–6056 (1979).
[Crossref]

Fischbach, E.

R. S. Decca, D. López, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Precise comparison of theory and new experiment for the Casimir force leads to stronger constraints on thermal quantum effects and long-range interactions,” Ann. Phys. 318, 37–80 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. S. Decca, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. López, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Improved test of extra-dimensional physics and thermal quantum field theory from new Casimir force measurements,” Phys. Rev. D 68, 116003-1–15 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. S. Decca, D. López, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Tests of new physics from precise measurements of the Casimir pressure between two gold-coated plates,” arXiv: hep-ph/0703290; to appear in Phys. Rev. D.

Geyer, B.

B. Geyer, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Thermal quantum field theory and the Casimir interaction between dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. D 72, 085009-1–20 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gmitter, T.

E. Yablonovitch, D. L. Allara, C. C. Chang, T. Gmitter, and T. B. Bright, “Unusually low surface-recombination velocity on silicon and germanium surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 249–252 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Golestanian, R.

M. Kardar and R. Golestanian, “The “friction” of vacuum and other fluctuation-induced forces,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1233–1245 (1999).
[Crossref]

Holzhauer, E.

Hunklinger, S.

W. Arnold, S. Hunklinger, and K. Dransfeld, “Influence of optical absorption on the van der Waals interaction between solids,” Phys. Rev. B 19, 6049–6056 (1979).
[Crossref]

Kardar, M.

M. Kardar and R. Golestanian, “The “friction” of vacuum and other fluctuation-induced forces,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1233–1245 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kenny, T. W.

B. S. Stipe, M. J. Mamin, T. D. Stowe, T. W. Kenny, and D. Rugar, “Noncontact friction and force fluctuations between closely spaced bodies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 096801-1–4 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Klimchitskaya, G. L.

F. Chen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, V. M. Mostepanenko, and U. Mohideen, “Demonstration of the difference in the Casimir force for samples with different charge-carrier densities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 170402-1–4 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Chen, U. Mohideen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Experimental test for the conductivity properties from the Casimir force between metal and semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 022103-1–14 (2006).
[Crossref]

B. Geyer, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Thermal quantum field theory and the Casimir interaction between dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. D 72, 085009-1–20 (2005).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, U. Mohideen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Investigation of the Casimir force between metal and semiconductor test bodies,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 020101(R)-1–4 (2005).
[Crossref]

E. V. Blagov, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Van der Waals interaction between microparticle and uniaxial crystal with application to hydrogen atoms and multiwall carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 235401-1–12 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. S. Decca, D. López, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Precise comparison of theory and new experiment for the Casimir force leads to stronger constraints on thermal quantum effects and long-range interactions,” Ann. Phys. 318, 37–80 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. S. Decca, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. López, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Improved test of extra-dimensional physics and thermal quantum field theory from new Casimir force measurements,” Phys. Rev. D 68, 116003-1–15 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. S. Decca, D. López, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Tests of new physics from precise measurements of the Casimir pressure between two gold-coated plates,” arXiv: hep-ph/0703290; to appear in Phys. Rev. D.

Krause, D. E.

R. S. Decca, D. López, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Precise comparison of theory and new experiment for the Casimir force leads to stronger constraints on thermal quantum effects and long-range interactions,” Ann. Phys. 318, 37–80 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. S. Decca, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. López, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Improved test of extra-dimensional physics and thermal quantum field theory from new Casimir force measurements,” Phys. Rev. D 68, 116003-1–15 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. S. Decca, D. López, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Tests of new physics from precise measurements of the Casimir pressure between two gold-coated plates,” arXiv: hep-ph/0703290; to appear in Phys. Rev. D.

Lifshitz, E. M.

E. M. Lifshitz and L. P. Pitaevskii, Statistical Physics. II (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980).

López, D.

R. S. Decca, D. López, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Precise comparison of theory and new experiment for the Casimir force leads to stronger constraints on thermal quantum effects and long-range interactions,” Ann. Phys. 318, 37–80 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. S. Decca, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. López, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Improved test of extra-dimensional physics and thermal quantum field theory from new Casimir force measurements,” Phys. Rev. D 68, 116003-1–15 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. S. Decca, D. López, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Tests of new physics from precise measurements of the Casimir pressure between two gold-coated plates,” arXiv: hep-ph/0703290; to appear in Phys. Rev. D.

Mahanty, J.

J. Mahanty and B. W. Ninham, Dispersion Forces (Academic Press, New York, 1976).

Mamin, M. J.

B. S. Stipe, M. J. Mamin, T. D. Stowe, T. W. Kenny, and D. Rugar, “Noncontact friction and force fluctuations between closely spaced bodies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 096801-1–4 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maradudin, A. A.

A. A. Maradudin and P. Mazur, “Effects of surface roughness on the van der Waals force between macroscopic bodies,” Phys. Rev. B 22, 1677–1686 (1980).
[Crossref]

Mazur, P.

A. A. Maradudin and P. Mazur, “Effects of surface roughness on the van der Waals force between macroscopic bodies,” Phys. Rev. B 22, 1677–1686 (1980).
[Crossref]

Milonni, P. W.

P. W. Milonni, The Quantum Vacuum (Academic Press, Boston, 1994).

Mohideen, U.

F. Chen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, V. M. Mostepanenko, and U. Mohideen, “Demonstration of the difference in the Casimir force for samples with different charge-carrier densities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 170402-1–4 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Chen, U. Mohideen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Experimental test for the conductivity properties from the Casimir force between metal and semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 022103-1–14 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, U. Mohideen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Investigation of the Casimir force between metal and semiconductor test bodies,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 020101(R)-1–4 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Bordag, U. Mohideen, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “New developments in the Casimir effect,” Phys. Rep. 303, 1–205 (2001).
[Crossref]

Mostepanenko, V. M.

F. Chen, U. Mohideen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Experimental test for the conductivity properties from the Casimir force between metal and semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 022103-1–14 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, V. M. Mostepanenko, and U. Mohideen, “Demonstration of the difference in the Casimir force for samples with different charge-carrier densities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 170402-1–4 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Geyer, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Thermal quantum field theory and the Casimir interaction between dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. D 72, 085009-1–20 (2005).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, U. Mohideen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Investigation of the Casimir force between metal and semiconductor test bodies,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 020101(R)-1–4 (2005).
[Crossref]

E. V. Blagov, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Van der Waals interaction between microparticle and uniaxial crystal with application to hydrogen atoms and multiwall carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 235401-1–12 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. S. Decca, D. López, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Precise comparison of theory and new experiment for the Casimir force leads to stronger constraints on thermal quantum effects and long-range interactions,” Ann. Phys. 318, 37–80 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. S. Decca, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. López, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Improved test of extra-dimensional physics and thermal quantum field theory from new Casimir force measurements,” Phys. Rev. D 68, 116003-1–15 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Bordag, U. Mohideen, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “New developments in the Casimir effect,” Phys. Rep. 303, 1–205 (2001).
[Crossref]

R. S. Decca, D. López, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Tests of new physics from precise measurements of the Casimir pressure between two gold-coated plates,” arXiv: hep-ph/0703290; to appear in Phys. Rev. D.

Ninham, B. W.

J. Mahanty and B. W. Ninham, Dispersion Forces (Academic Press, New York, 1976).

Oberst, H.

H. Oberst, Y. Tashiro, K. Shimizu, and F. Shimizu, “Quantum reflection of He* on silicon,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 052901-1–8 (2005).
[Crossref]

Obrecht, J. M.

J. M. Obrecht, R. J. Wild, M. Antezza, L. P. Pitaevskii, S. Stringari, and E. A. Cornell, “Measurement of the temperature dependence in the Casimir-Polder force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 063201-1–4 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik (ed.), Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, New York, 1985).

Parsegian, V. A.

V. A. Parsegian, Van der Waals Forces: A Handbook for Biologists, Chemists, Engineers, and Physicists (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2005).
[Crossref]

Pitaevskii, L. P.

J. M. Obrecht, R. J. Wild, M. Antezza, L. P. Pitaevskii, S. Stringari, and E. A. Cornell, “Measurement of the temperature dependence in the Casimir-Polder force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 063201-1–4 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. M. Lifshitz and L. P. Pitaevskii, Statistical Physics. II (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980).

Rabinovich, S. G.

S. G. Rabinovich, Measurement Errors and Uncertainties (Springer, New York, 2000).

Roukes, M. L.

E. Buks and M. L. Roukes, “Stiction, adhesion energy, and the Casimir effect in micromechanical systems,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 033402-1–4 (2001).
[Crossref]

Rugar, D.

B. S. Stipe, M. J. Mamin, T. D. Stowe, T. W. Kenny, and D. Rugar, “Noncontact friction and force fluctuations between closely spaced bodies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 096801-1–4 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Salzmann, H.

Shimizu, F.

H. Oberst, Y. Tashiro, K. Shimizu, and F. Shimizu, “Quantum reflection of He* on silicon,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 052901-1–8 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shimizu, K.

H. Oberst, Y. Tashiro, K. Shimizu, and F. Shimizu, “Quantum reflection of He* on silicon,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 052901-1–8 (2005).
[Crossref]

Stipe, B. S.

B. S. Stipe, M. J. Mamin, T. D. Stowe, T. W. Kenny, and D. Rugar, “Noncontact friction and force fluctuations between closely spaced bodies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 096801-1–4 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stowe, T. D.

B. S. Stipe, M. J. Mamin, T. D. Stowe, T. W. Kenny, and D. Rugar, “Noncontact friction and force fluctuations between closely spaced bodies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 096801-1–4 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stringari, S.

J. M. Obrecht, R. J. Wild, M. Antezza, L. P. Pitaevskii, S. Stringari, and E. A. Cornell, “Measurement of the temperature dependence in the Casimir-Polder force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 063201-1–4 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tashiro, Y.

H. Oberst, Y. Tashiro, K. Shimizu, and F. Shimizu, “Quantum reflection of He* on silicon,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 052901-1–8 (2005).
[Crossref]

Theurer, A.

Vogel, T.

Wild, R. J.

J. M. Obrecht, R. J. Wild, M. Antezza, L. P. Pitaevskii, S. Stringari, and E. A. Cornell, “Measurement of the temperature dependence in the Casimir-Polder force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 063201-1–4 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch, D. L. Allara, C. C. Chang, T. Gmitter, and T. B. Bright, “Unusually low surface-recombination velocity on silicon and germanium surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 249–252 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ann. Phys. (1)

R. S. Decca, D. López, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Precise comparison of theory and new experiment for the Casimir force leads to stronger constraints on thermal quantum effects and long-range interactions,” Ann. Phys. 318, 37–80 (2005).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Phys. Rep. (1)

M. Bordag, U. Mohideen, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “New developments in the Casimir effect,” Phys. Rep. 303, 1–205 (2001).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (3)

F. Chen, U. Mohideen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Investigation of the Casimir force between metal and semiconductor test bodies,” Phys. Rev. A 72, 020101(R)-1–4 (2005).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, U. Mohideen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Experimental test for the conductivity properties from the Casimir force between metal and semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. A 74, 022103-1–14 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. Oberst, Y. Tashiro, K. Shimizu, and F. Shimizu, “Quantum reflection of He* on silicon,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 052901-1–8 (2005).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (4)

E. Buks and M. L. Roukes, “Stiction, adhesion energy, and the Casimir effect in micromechanical systems,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 033402-1–4 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. A. Maradudin and P. Mazur, “Effects of surface roughness on the van der Waals force between macroscopic bodies,” Phys. Rev. B 22, 1677–1686 (1980).
[Crossref]

E. V. Blagov, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Van der Waals interaction between microparticle and uniaxial crystal with application to hydrogen atoms and multiwall carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 235401-1–12 (2005).
[Crossref]

W. Arnold, S. Hunklinger, and K. Dransfeld, “Influence of optical absorption on the van der Waals interaction between solids,” Phys. Rev. B 19, 6049–6056 (1979).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. D (2)

B. Geyer, G. L. Klimchitskaya, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Thermal quantum field theory and the Casimir interaction between dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. D 72, 085009-1–20 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. S. Decca, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. López, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Improved test of extra-dimensional physics and thermal quantum field theory from new Casimir force measurements,” Phys. Rev. D 68, 116003-1–15 (2003).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

B. S. Stipe, M. J. Mamin, T. D. Stowe, T. W. Kenny, and D. Rugar, “Noncontact friction and force fluctuations between closely spaced bodies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 096801-1–4 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Chen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, V. M. Mostepanenko, and U. Mohideen, “Demonstration of the difference in the Casimir force for samples with different charge-carrier densities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 170402-1–4 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Obrecht, R. J. Wild, M. Antezza, L. P. Pitaevskii, S. Stringari, and E. A. Cornell, “Measurement of the temperature dependence in the Casimir-Polder force,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 063201-1–4 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Yablonovitch, D. L. Allara, C. C. Chang, T. Gmitter, and T. B. Bright, “Unusually low surface-recombination velocity on silicon and germanium surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 249–252 (1986).
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Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

M. Kardar and R. Golestanian, “The “friction” of vacuum and other fluctuation-induced forces,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1233–1245 (1999).
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V. A. Parsegian, Van der Waals Forces: A Handbook for Biologists, Chemists, Engineers, and Physicists (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2005).
[Crossref]

J. Mahanty and B. W. Ninham, Dispersion Forces (Academic Press, New York, 1976).

P. W. Milonni, The Quantum Vacuum (Academic Press, Boston, 1994).

S. G. Rabinovich, Measurement Errors and Uncertainties (Springer, New York, 2000).

E. M. Lifshitz and L. P. Pitaevskii, Statistical Physics. II (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980).

R. S. Decca, D. López, E. Fischbach, G. L. Klimchitskaya, D. E. Krause, and V. M. Mostepanenko, “Tests of new physics from precise measurements of the Casimir pressure between two gold-coated plates,” arXiv: hep-ph/0703290; to appear in Phys. Rev. D.

E. D. Palik (ed.), Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, New York, 1985).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the experimental setup. Light from a 514 nm Ar laser is chopped into 5 ms pulses and irradiates a Si membrane leading to the modulation of the dispersion force between the membrane and a sphere (see text for further details).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Differences of dispersion forces with laser on and off. Experimentally measured difference data are shown as dots. The solid line represents dispersion force difference computed for Si with finite static dielectric permittivity. The force difference computed including the dc conductivity of Si in the absence of laser light is shown by the dashed line.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Dielectric permittivity of Si along the imaginary frequency axis. Solid line shows εSi l in the presence of laser light, and the dashed line shows εSi in the absence of light when Si has a finite static permittivity. ε ˜ Si which includes the dc conductivity in the absence of light is given by the dotted line. ξ1 is the first Matsubara frequency at T = 300K.

Equations (3)

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Δ F tot ( z ) = c ( z ) [ ( V l V 0 l ) 2 ( V V 0 ) 2 ] + Δ F d ( z ) .
ε ˜ S i ( i ξ ) = ε S i ( i ξ ) + ( ω ˜ p ( p ) ) 2 [ ξ ( ξ + γ ( p ) ) ] ,
ε l S i ( i ξ ) = ε S i ( i ξ ) + ( ω p ( e ) ) 2 [ ξ ( ξ + γ ( e ) ) ] + ( ω p ( p ) ) 2 [ ξ ( ξ + γ ( p ) ) ] .

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