Abstract

We compared experimental wave aberrations in pseudophakic eyes with aspheric intraocular lenses (IOLs) to simulate aberrations from numerical ray tracing on customized computer eye models using corneal topography, angle λ, ocular biometry, IOL geometry, and IOL tilt and decentration measured on the same eyes. We found high correlations between real and simulated aberrations even for the eye with only the cornea, and these increased on average when the IOL geometry and position were included. Relevant individual aberrations were well predicted by the complete eye model. Corneal spherical aberration and horizontal coma were compensated by the IOL, and in 58.3% of the cases IOL tilt and decentration contributed to compensation of horizontal coma. We conclude that customized computer eye models are a good representation of real eyes with IOLs and allow understanding of the relative contribution of optical, geometrical and surgically-related factors to image quality. Corneal spherical aberration is reduced by aspheric IOLs, although other corneal high order aberrations are still a major contributor to total aberrations in pseudophakic eyes. Tilt and decentration of the IOLs represent a relatively minor contribution of the overall optical quality of the eye.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. A. Atchison and G. Smith, Optics of the Human Eye (Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford, 2000).
  2. R. Navarro, J. Santamaría, and J. Bescós, "Accommodation-dependent model of the human eye with aspherics," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 1273-1281 (1985).
  3. I. Escudero-Sanz and R. Navarro, "Off-axis aberrations of a wide-angle schematic eye model," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 1-11 (1999).
  4. J. Mclellan, S. Marcos, and S. Burns, "Age-related changes in monochromatic wave aberrations in the human eye," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 42, 1390-1395 (2001).
  5. J. C. He, S. A. Burns, and S. Marcos, "Monochromatic aberrations in the accommodated human eye," Vision. Res 40, 41-48 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Barbero, S. Marcos, and I. Jimenez-Alfaro, "Optical aberrations of intraocular lenses measured in vivo and in vitro," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 1841-1851 (2003).
  7. L. Thibos, X. Hong, A. Bradley, and X. Cheng, "Statistical variation of aberration structure and image quality in a normal population of healthy eyes," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 2329-2348 (2002).
  8. F. J. Castejon-Mochon, N. Lopez-Gil, A. Benito, and P. Artal, "Ocular wave-front aberration statistics in a normal young population," Vision. Res 42, 1611-1617 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Marcos, S. A. Burns, P. M. Prieto, R. Navarro, and B. Baraibar, "Investigating sources of variability of monochromatic and transverse chromatic aberrations across eyes," Vision. Res 41, 3861-3871 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Barbero, S. Marcos, J. Merayo-Lloves, and E. Moreno-Barriuso, "Validation of the estimation of corneal aberrations from videokeratography in keratoconus," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 18, 263-270 (2002).
  11. M. Dubbelman, V. Sicam, and G. L. Van der Heijde, "The shape of the anterior and posterior surface of the aging human cornea," Vision. Res 46, 993-1001 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. Drexler, A. Baumgartner, O. Findl, C. Hitzenberger, H. Sattmann, and A. Fercher, "Submicrometer precision biometry of the anterior segment of the human eye," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 38, 1304-1313 (1997).
  13. D. Mutti, K. Zadnik, and A. Adams, "A video technique for phakometry of the human crystalline lens," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 33, 1771-1782 (1992).
  14. L. F. Garner, "Calculation of the radii of curvature of the crystalline lens surfaces," Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 17(1), 75-80 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Dubbelman, G. van der Heijde, and H. Weeber, "The thickness of the aging human lens obtained from corrected Scheimpflug images," Optom. Vision Sci 78, 411-416 (2001).
  16. M. Dubbelman and G. L. Van der Heijde, "The shape of the aging human lens: curvature, equivalent refractive index and the lens paradox," Vision. Res. 41, 1867-1877 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. Koretz, C. Cook, and P. Kaufman, "Aging of the human lens: changes in lens shape at zero-diopter accommodation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 265-272 (2001).
  18. P. Phillips, J. Perez-Emmanuelli, H. D. Rosskothen, and C. J. Koester, "Measurement of intraocular lens decentration and tilt in vivo," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 14, 129-135 (1988).
  19. J. C. Barry, M. Dunne, and T. Kirschkamp, "Phakometric measurement of ocular surface radius of curvature and alignment: evaluation of method with physical model eyes," Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 21, 450-460 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  20. P. Rosales and S. Marcos, "Phakometry and lens tilt and decentration using a custom-developed Purkinje imaging apparatus: validation and measurements," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23,509-520 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. A. Atchison, "Optical design of intraocular lenses. I. On-axis performance," Optom. Vision Sci 66, 492-506 (1989).
  22. D. A. Atchison, "Design of aspheric intraocular lenses," Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 10, 57-66 (1990).
  23. J. Holladay, P. Piers, G. Koranyi, M. van der Mooren, and N. Norrby, "A new intraocular lens design to reduce spherical aberration of pseudophakic eyes," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 18, 683-691 (2002).
  24. P. Artal, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, I. Miranda, and M. Ferro, "Through-focus image quality of eyes implanted with monofocal and multifocal intraocular lenses," Opt. Eng 34, 772-779 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. Guirao, M. Redondo, E. Geraghty, P. Piers, S. Norrby, and P. Artal, "Corneal optical aberrations and retinal image quality in patients in whom monofocal intraocular lenses were implanted," Arch. Ophthalmol 120, 1143-1151 (2002).
  26. S. Marcos, B. Barbero, and I. Jimenez Alfaro, "Optical quality and depth-of-field of eyes implanted with spherical and aspheric intraocular lenses," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 21, 223-235 (2005).
  27. U. Mester, P. Dillinger, and N. Anterist, "Impact of a modified optic design on visual function: clinical comparative study," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 29, 653-660 (2003).
  28. K. M. Rocha, E. S. Soriano, M. R. Chalita, A. C. Yamada, K. Bottós, J. Bottós, L. Morimoto, and W. Nosé, "Wavefront analysis and contrast sensitivity of aspheric and spherical intraocular lenses: a randomized prospective study," Am. J. Ophthalmol. 142, 750-756 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  29. K. Pesudovs, H. Dietze, O. Stewart, N. B, and M. Cox, "Effect of cataract surgery incision location and intraocular lens type on ocular aberrations," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 31, 725-734 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  30. A. Guirao, J. Tejedor, and P. Artal, "Corneal aberrations before and after small-incision cataract surgery," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 45,4312-4319 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  31. S. Marcos, P. Rosales, L. Llorente, and I. Jimenez-Alfaro, "Change of corneal aberrations after cataract surgery with two types of aspheric intraocular lenses.," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 33, 217-226 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  32. L. Llorente, S. Barbero, D. Cano, C. Dorronsoro, and S. Marcos, "Myopic versus hyperopic eyes: axial length, corneal shape and optical aberrations" J. Vision 4, 288-298 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  33. E. Moreno-Barriuso and R. Navarro, "Laser Ray Tracing versus Hartmann-Shack Sensor for Measuring Optical Aberrations in the Human Eye," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 974-985 (2000).
  34. S. Marcos, L. Díaz-Santana, L. Llorente, and D. C., "Ocular aberrations with ray tracing and Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensors: does polarization play a role?" J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 1063-1072 (2002).
  35. E. Moreno-Barriuso, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, and S. A. Burns, "Comparing Laser Ray Tracing, Spatially Resolved Refractometer and Hartmann-Shack sensor to measure the ocular wavefront aberration," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 78, 152 - 156 (2001).
  36. L. Llorente, L. Diaz-Santana, D. Lara-Saucedo, and S. Marcos, "Aberrations of the human eye in visible and near infrared illumination.," Optom. Vision Sci 80, 26-35 (2003).
  37. R. Applegate, L. Thibos, A. Bradley, S. Marcos, A. Roorda, T. Salmon, and D. Atchison, "Reference axis selection: subcommittee Report of the OSA working group to establish standards for measurement and reporting of optical aberrations of the eye," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 16, 656-658 (2000).
  38. C. Campbell, "Reconstruction of the corneal shape with the MasterVue Corenal Topography System," Optom. Vision Sci 74, 899-905 (1997).
  39. J. Schwiegerling, J. Greivenkamp, and J. Miller, "Representation of videokeratoscopic height data with Zernike polynomials," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 2105-2113 (1995).
  40. P. Rosales, M. Dubbelman, S. Marcos, and G. L. Van der Heijde, "Crystalline radii of curvature from Pukinje and Scheimpflug imaging," J. Vision 6, 1057-1067 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  41. A. de Castro, P. Rosales, and S. Marcos, "Tilt and decentration of intraocular lenses in vivo from Purkinje and Scheimpflug imaging: A validation study," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg (2007) (to be published).
  42. R. Mandell, "Locating the corneal sighting center from videokeratography," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 11, 253-258 (1995).
  43. M. Herzberger, "Colour Correction in Optical Systems and a New Dispersion Formula," Opt. Acta 5, 197-215 (1959).
  44. J. Tabernero, P. Piers, A. Benio, M. Redondo, and P. Artal, "Predicting the optical performance of eyes implanted with IOLs to correct spherical aberration," Invest Ophthalmol Visual Sci 47, 4651-4658 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  45. M. Dunne, J. Royston, and D. Barnes, "Posterior corneal surface toricity and total corneal astigmatism," Optom. Vision Sci 68, 708-710 (1991).
  46. O. Prisant, T. Hoang-Xuan, C. Proano, E. Hernandez, S. Awad, and D. T. Azar, "Vector summation of anterior and posterior corneal topographical astigmatism," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 28, 1578-1585 (2002).
  47. S. Barbero, "Refractive power of a multilayer rotationally symmetric model of the human cornea and tear film," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 1578-1585 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  48. K. Kriechbaum, O. Findl, B. Kiss, S. Sacu, V. Petternel, and W. Drexler, "Comparison of anterior chamber depth measurement methods in phakic and pseudophakic eyes," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 29, 89-94 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  49. P. Artal, A. Benito, and J. Tabernero, "The human eye is an example of robust optical design," J. Vision 6, 1-7 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (2)

S. Marcos, P. Rosales, L. Llorente, and I. Jimenez-Alfaro, "Change of corneal aberrations after cataract surgery with two types of aspheric intraocular lenses.," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 33, 217-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. de Castro, P. Rosales, and S. Marcos, "Tilt and decentration of intraocular lenses in vivo from Purkinje and Scheimpflug imaging: A validation study," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg (2007) (to be published).

2006 (7)

J. Tabernero, P. Piers, A. Benio, M. Redondo, and P. Artal, "Predicting the optical performance of eyes implanted with IOLs to correct spherical aberration," Invest Ophthalmol Visual Sci 47, 4651-4658 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Rosales, M. Dubbelman, S. Marcos, and G. L. Van der Heijde, "Crystalline radii of curvature from Pukinje and Scheimpflug imaging," J. Vision 6, 1057-1067 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Dubbelman, V. Sicam, and G. L. Van der Heijde, "The shape of the anterior and posterior surface of the aging human cornea," Vision. Res 46, 993-1001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Rocha, E. S. Soriano, M. R. Chalita, A. C. Yamada, K. Bottós, J. Bottós, L. Morimoto, and W. Nosé, "Wavefront analysis and contrast sensitivity of aspheric and spherical intraocular lenses: a randomized prospective study," Am. J. Ophthalmol. 142, 750-756 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Artal, A. Benito, and J. Tabernero, "The human eye is an example of robust optical design," J. Vision 6, 1-7 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Rosales and S. Marcos, "Phakometry and lens tilt and decentration using a custom-developed Purkinje imaging apparatus: validation and measurements," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23,509-520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Barbero, "Refractive power of a multilayer rotationally symmetric model of the human cornea and tear film," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 1578-1585 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

K. Pesudovs, H. Dietze, O. Stewart, N. B, and M. Cox, "Effect of cataract surgery incision location and intraocular lens type on ocular aberrations," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 31, 725-734 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Marcos, B. Barbero, and I. Jimenez Alfaro, "Optical quality and depth-of-field of eyes implanted with spherical and aspheric intraocular lenses," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 21, 223-235 (2005).

2004 (2)

A. Guirao, J. Tejedor, and P. Artal, "Corneal aberrations before and after small-incision cataract surgery," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 45,4312-4319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Llorente, S. Barbero, D. Cano, C. Dorronsoro, and S. Marcos, "Myopic versus hyperopic eyes: axial length, corneal shape and optical aberrations" J. Vision 4, 288-298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (4)

L. Llorente, L. Diaz-Santana, D. Lara-Saucedo, and S. Marcos, "Aberrations of the human eye in visible and near infrared illumination.," Optom. Vision Sci 80, 26-35 (2003).

K. Kriechbaum, O. Findl, B. Kiss, S. Sacu, V. Petternel, and W. Drexler, "Comparison of anterior chamber depth measurement methods in phakic and pseudophakic eyes," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 29, 89-94 (2003).
[CrossRef]

U. Mester, P. Dillinger, and N. Anterist, "Impact of a modified optic design on visual function: clinical comparative study," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 29, 653-660 (2003).

S. Barbero, S. Marcos, and I. Jimenez-Alfaro, "Optical aberrations of intraocular lenses measured in vivo and in vitro," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 1841-1851 (2003).

2002 (7)

S. Marcos, L. Díaz-Santana, L. Llorente, and D. C., "Ocular aberrations with ray tracing and Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensors: does polarization play a role?" J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 1063-1072 (2002).

L. Thibos, X. Hong, A. Bradley, and X. Cheng, "Statistical variation of aberration structure and image quality in a normal population of healthy eyes," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 2329-2348 (2002).

J. Holladay, P. Piers, G. Koranyi, M. van der Mooren, and N. Norrby, "A new intraocular lens design to reduce spherical aberration of pseudophakic eyes," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 18, 683-691 (2002).

A. Guirao, M. Redondo, E. Geraghty, P. Piers, S. Norrby, and P. Artal, "Corneal optical aberrations and retinal image quality in patients in whom monofocal intraocular lenses were implanted," Arch. Ophthalmol 120, 1143-1151 (2002).

F. J. Castejon-Mochon, N. Lopez-Gil, A. Benito, and P. Artal, "Ocular wave-front aberration statistics in a normal young population," Vision. Res 42, 1611-1617 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Barbero, S. Marcos, J. Merayo-Lloves, and E. Moreno-Barriuso, "Validation of the estimation of corneal aberrations from videokeratography in keratoconus," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 18, 263-270 (2002).

O. Prisant, T. Hoang-Xuan, C. Proano, E. Hernandez, S. Awad, and D. T. Azar, "Vector summation of anterior and posterior corneal topographical astigmatism," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 28, 1578-1585 (2002).

2001 (7)

J. C. Barry, M. Dunne, and T. Kirschkamp, "Phakometric measurement of ocular surface radius of curvature and alignment: evaluation of method with physical model eyes," Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 21, 450-460 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Moreno-Barriuso, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, and S. A. Burns, "Comparing Laser Ray Tracing, Spatially Resolved Refractometer and Hartmann-Shack sensor to measure the ocular wavefront aberration," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 78, 152 - 156 (2001).

J. Mclellan, S. Marcos, and S. Burns, "Age-related changes in monochromatic wave aberrations in the human eye," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 42, 1390-1395 (2001).

M. Dubbelman, G. van der Heijde, and H. Weeber, "The thickness of the aging human lens obtained from corrected Scheimpflug images," Optom. Vision Sci 78, 411-416 (2001).

M. Dubbelman and G. L. Van der Heijde, "The shape of the aging human lens: curvature, equivalent refractive index and the lens paradox," Vision. Res. 41, 1867-1877 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Marcos, S. A. Burns, P. M. Prieto, R. Navarro, and B. Baraibar, "Investigating sources of variability of monochromatic and transverse chromatic aberrations across eyes," Vision. Res 41, 3861-3871 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Koretz, C. Cook, and P. Kaufman, "Aging of the human lens: changes in lens shape at zero-diopter accommodation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 265-272 (2001).

2000 (3)

E. Moreno-Barriuso and R. Navarro, "Laser Ray Tracing versus Hartmann-Shack Sensor for Measuring Optical Aberrations in the Human Eye," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 974-985 (2000).

J. C. He, S. A. Burns, and S. Marcos, "Monochromatic aberrations in the accommodated human eye," Vision. Res 40, 41-48 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Applegate, L. Thibos, A. Bradley, S. Marcos, A. Roorda, T. Salmon, and D. Atchison, "Reference axis selection: subcommittee Report of the OSA working group to establish standards for measurement and reporting of optical aberrations of the eye," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 16, 656-658 (2000).

1999 (1)

1997 (3)

C. Campbell, "Reconstruction of the corneal shape with the MasterVue Corenal Topography System," Optom. Vision Sci 74, 899-905 (1997).

W. Drexler, A. Baumgartner, O. Findl, C. Hitzenberger, H. Sattmann, and A. Fercher, "Submicrometer precision biometry of the anterior segment of the human eye," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 38, 1304-1313 (1997).

L. F. Garner, "Calculation of the radii of curvature of the crystalline lens surfaces," Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 17(1), 75-80 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

P. Artal, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, I. Miranda, and M. Ferro, "Through-focus image quality of eyes implanted with monofocal and multifocal intraocular lenses," Opt. Eng 34, 772-779 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Mandell, "Locating the corneal sighting center from videokeratography," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 11, 253-258 (1995).

J. Schwiegerling, J. Greivenkamp, and J. Miller, "Representation of videokeratoscopic height data with Zernike polynomials," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 2105-2113 (1995).

1992 (1)

D. Mutti, K. Zadnik, and A. Adams, "A video technique for phakometry of the human crystalline lens," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 33, 1771-1782 (1992).

1991 (1)

M. Dunne, J. Royston, and D. Barnes, "Posterior corneal surface toricity and total corneal astigmatism," Optom. Vision Sci 68, 708-710 (1991).

1990 (1)

D. A. Atchison, "Design of aspheric intraocular lenses," Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 10, 57-66 (1990).

1989 (1)

D. A. Atchison, "Optical design of intraocular lenses. I. On-axis performance," Optom. Vision Sci 66, 492-506 (1989).

1988 (1)

P. Phillips, J. Perez-Emmanuelli, H. D. Rosskothen, and C. J. Koester, "Measurement of intraocular lens decentration and tilt in vivo," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 14, 129-135 (1988).

1985 (1)

1959 (1)

M. Herzberger, "Colour Correction in Optical Systems and a New Dispersion Formula," Opt. Acta 5, 197-215 (1959).

Adams, A.

D. Mutti, K. Zadnik, and A. Adams, "A video technique for phakometry of the human crystalline lens," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 33, 1771-1782 (1992).

Anterist, N.

U. Mester, P. Dillinger, and N. Anterist, "Impact of a modified optic design on visual function: clinical comparative study," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 29, 653-660 (2003).

Applegate, R.

R. Applegate, L. Thibos, A. Bradley, S. Marcos, A. Roorda, T. Salmon, and D. Atchison, "Reference axis selection: subcommittee Report of the OSA working group to establish standards for measurement and reporting of optical aberrations of the eye," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 16, 656-658 (2000).

Artal, P.

J. Tabernero, P. Piers, A. Benio, M. Redondo, and P. Artal, "Predicting the optical performance of eyes implanted with IOLs to correct spherical aberration," Invest Ophthalmol Visual Sci 47, 4651-4658 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Artal, A. Benito, and J. Tabernero, "The human eye is an example of robust optical design," J. Vision 6, 1-7 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Guirao, J. Tejedor, and P. Artal, "Corneal aberrations before and after small-incision cataract surgery," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 45,4312-4319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Guirao, M. Redondo, E. Geraghty, P. Piers, S. Norrby, and P. Artal, "Corneal optical aberrations and retinal image quality in patients in whom monofocal intraocular lenses were implanted," Arch. Ophthalmol 120, 1143-1151 (2002).

F. J. Castejon-Mochon, N. Lopez-Gil, A. Benito, and P. Artal, "Ocular wave-front aberration statistics in a normal young population," Vision. Res 42, 1611-1617 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Artal, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, I. Miranda, and M. Ferro, "Through-focus image quality of eyes implanted with monofocal and multifocal intraocular lenses," Opt. Eng 34, 772-779 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Atchison, D.

R. Applegate, L. Thibos, A. Bradley, S. Marcos, A. Roorda, T. Salmon, and D. Atchison, "Reference axis selection: subcommittee Report of the OSA working group to establish standards for measurement and reporting of optical aberrations of the eye," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 16, 656-658 (2000).

Atchison, D. A.

D. A. Atchison, "Design of aspheric intraocular lenses," Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 10, 57-66 (1990).

D. A. Atchison, "Optical design of intraocular lenses. I. On-axis performance," Optom. Vision Sci 66, 492-506 (1989).

Awad, S.

O. Prisant, T. Hoang-Xuan, C. Proano, E. Hernandez, S. Awad, and D. T. Azar, "Vector summation of anterior and posterior corneal topographical astigmatism," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 28, 1578-1585 (2002).

Azar, D. T.

O. Prisant, T. Hoang-Xuan, C. Proano, E. Hernandez, S. Awad, and D. T. Azar, "Vector summation of anterior and posterior corneal topographical astigmatism," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 28, 1578-1585 (2002).

Baraibar, B.

S. Marcos, S. A. Burns, P. M. Prieto, R. Navarro, and B. Baraibar, "Investigating sources of variability of monochromatic and transverse chromatic aberrations across eyes," Vision. Res 41, 3861-3871 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Barbero, B.

S. Marcos, B. Barbero, and I. Jimenez Alfaro, "Optical quality and depth-of-field of eyes implanted with spherical and aspheric intraocular lenses," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 21, 223-235 (2005).

Barbero, S.

S. Barbero, "Refractive power of a multilayer rotationally symmetric model of the human cornea and tear film," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 1578-1585 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Llorente, S. Barbero, D. Cano, C. Dorronsoro, and S. Marcos, "Myopic versus hyperopic eyes: axial length, corneal shape and optical aberrations" J. Vision 4, 288-298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Barbero, S. Marcos, and I. Jimenez-Alfaro, "Optical aberrations of intraocular lenses measured in vivo and in vitro," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 1841-1851 (2003).

S. Barbero, S. Marcos, J. Merayo-Lloves, and E. Moreno-Barriuso, "Validation of the estimation of corneal aberrations from videokeratography in keratoconus," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 18, 263-270 (2002).

Barnes, D.

M. Dunne, J. Royston, and D. Barnes, "Posterior corneal surface toricity and total corneal astigmatism," Optom. Vision Sci 68, 708-710 (1991).

Barry, J. C.

J. C. Barry, M. Dunne, and T. Kirschkamp, "Phakometric measurement of ocular surface radius of curvature and alignment: evaluation of method with physical model eyes," Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 21, 450-460 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Baumgartner, A.

W. Drexler, A. Baumgartner, O. Findl, C. Hitzenberger, H. Sattmann, and A. Fercher, "Submicrometer precision biometry of the anterior segment of the human eye," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 38, 1304-1313 (1997).

Benio, A.

J. Tabernero, P. Piers, A. Benio, M. Redondo, and P. Artal, "Predicting the optical performance of eyes implanted with IOLs to correct spherical aberration," Invest Ophthalmol Visual Sci 47, 4651-4658 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Benito, A.

P. Artal, A. Benito, and J. Tabernero, "The human eye is an example of robust optical design," J. Vision 6, 1-7 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Castejon-Mochon, N. Lopez-Gil, A. Benito, and P. Artal, "Ocular wave-front aberration statistics in a normal young population," Vision. Res 42, 1611-1617 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bescós, J.

Bottós, J.

K. M. Rocha, E. S. Soriano, M. R. Chalita, A. C. Yamada, K. Bottós, J. Bottós, L. Morimoto, and W. Nosé, "Wavefront analysis and contrast sensitivity of aspheric and spherical intraocular lenses: a randomized prospective study," Am. J. Ophthalmol. 142, 750-756 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bottós, K.

K. M. Rocha, E. S. Soriano, M. R. Chalita, A. C. Yamada, K. Bottós, J. Bottós, L. Morimoto, and W. Nosé, "Wavefront analysis and contrast sensitivity of aspheric and spherical intraocular lenses: a randomized prospective study," Am. J. Ophthalmol. 142, 750-756 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, A.

L. Thibos, X. Hong, A. Bradley, and X. Cheng, "Statistical variation of aberration structure and image quality in a normal population of healthy eyes," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 2329-2348 (2002).

R. Applegate, L. Thibos, A. Bradley, S. Marcos, A. Roorda, T. Salmon, and D. Atchison, "Reference axis selection: subcommittee Report of the OSA working group to establish standards for measurement and reporting of optical aberrations of the eye," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 16, 656-658 (2000).

Burns, S.

J. Mclellan, S. Marcos, and S. Burns, "Age-related changes in monochromatic wave aberrations in the human eye," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 42, 1390-1395 (2001).

Burns, S. A.

S. Marcos, S. A. Burns, P. M. Prieto, R. Navarro, and B. Baraibar, "Investigating sources of variability of monochromatic and transverse chromatic aberrations across eyes," Vision. Res 41, 3861-3871 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Moreno-Barriuso, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, and S. A. Burns, "Comparing Laser Ray Tracing, Spatially Resolved Refractometer and Hartmann-Shack sensor to measure the ocular wavefront aberration," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 78, 152 - 156 (2001).

J. C. He, S. A. Burns, and S. Marcos, "Monochromatic aberrations in the accommodated human eye," Vision. Res 40, 41-48 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, C.

C. Campbell, "Reconstruction of the corneal shape with the MasterVue Corenal Topography System," Optom. Vision Sci 74, 899-905 (1997).

Cano, D.

L. Llorente, S. Barbero, D. Cano, C. Dorronsoro, and S. Marcos, "Myopic versus hyperopic eyes: axial length, corneal shape and optical aberrations" J. Vision 4, 288-298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Castejon-Mochon, F. J.

F. J. Castejon-Mochon, N. Lopez-Gil, A. Benito, and P. Artal, "Ocular wave-front aberration statistics in a normal young population," Vision. Res 42, 1611-1617 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chalita, M. R.

K. M. Rocha, E. S. Soriano, M. R. Chalita, A. C. Yamada, K. Bottós, J. Bottós, L. Morimoto, and W. Nosé, "Wavefront analysis and contrast sensitivity of aspheric and spherical intraocular lenses: a randomized prospective study," Am. J. Ophthalmol. 142, 750-756 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, X.

Cook, C.

de Castro, A.

A. de Castro, P. Rosales, and S. Marcos, "Tilt and decentration of intraocular lenses in vivo from Purkinje and Scheimpflug imaging: A validation study," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg (2007) (to be published).

Diaz-Santana, L.

L. Llorente, L. Diaz-Santana, D. Lara-Saucedo, and S. Marcos, "Aberrations of the human eye in visible and near infrared illumination.," Optom. Vision Sci 80, 26-35 (2003).

Díaz-Santana, L.

Dietze, H.

K. Pesudovs, H. Dietze, O. Stewart, N. B, and M. Cox, "Effect of cataract surgery incision location and intraocular lens type on ocular aberrations," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 31, 725-734 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dillinger, P.

U. Mester, P. Dillinger, and N. Anterist, "Impact of a modified optic design on visual function: clinical comparative study," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 29, 653-660 (2003).

Dorronsoro, C.

L. Llorente, S. Barbero, D. Cano, C. Dorronsoro, and S. Marcos, "Myopic versus hyperopic eyes: axial length, corneal shape and optical aberrations" J. Vision 4, 288-298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Drexler, W.

K. Kriechbaum, O. Findl, B. Kiss, S. Sacu, V. Petternel, and W. Drexler, "Comparison of anterior chamber depth measurement methods in phakic and pseudophakic eyes," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 29, 89-94 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Drexler, A. Baumgartner, O. Findl, C. Hitzenberger, H. Sattmann, and A. Fercher, "Submicrometer precision biometry of the anterior segment of the human eye," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 38, 1304-1313 (1997).

Dubbelman, M.

M. Dubbelman, V. Sicam, and G. L. Van der Heijde, "The shape of the anterior and posterior surface of the aging human cornea," Vision. Res 46, 993-1001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Rosales, M. Dubbelman, S. Marcos, and G. L. Van der Heijde, "Crystalline radii of curvature from Pukinje and Scheimpflug imaging," J. Vision 6, 1057-1067 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Dubbelman, G. van der Heijde, and H. Weeber, "The thickness of the aging human lens obtained from corrected Scheimpflug images," Optom. Vision Sci 78, 411-416 (2001).

M. Dubbelman and G. L. Van der Heijde, "The shape of the aging human lens: curvature, equivalent refractive index and the lens paradox," Vision. Res. 41, 1867-1877 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dunne, M.

J. C. Barry, M. Dunne, and T. Kirschkamp, "Phakometric measurement of ocular surface radius of curvature and alignment: evaluation of method with physical model eyes," Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 21, 450-460 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Dunne, J. Royston, and D. Barnes, "Posterior corneal surface toricity and total corneal astigmatism," Optom. Vision Sci 68, 708-710 (1991).

Escudero-Sanz, I.

Fercher, A.

W. Drexler, A. Baumgartner, O. Findl, C. Hitzenberger, H. Sattmann, and A. Fercher, "Submicrometer precision biometry of the anterior segment of the human eye," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 38, 1304-1313 (1997).

Ferro, M.

P. Artal, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, I. Miranda, and M. Ferro, "Through-focus image quality of eyes implanted with monofocal and multifocal intraocular lenses," Opt. Eng 34, 772-779 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Findl, O.

K. Kriechbaum, O. Findl, B. Kiss, S. Sacu, V. Petternel, and W. Drexler, "Comparison of anterior chamber depth measurement methods in phakic and pseudophakic eyes," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 29, 89-94 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Drexler, A. Baumgartner, O. Findl, C. Hitzenberger, H. Sattmann, and A. Fercher, "Submicrometer precision biometry of the anterior segment of the human eye," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 38, 1304-1313 (1997).

Garner, L. F.

L. F. Garner, "Calculation of the radii of curvature of the crystalline lens surfaces," Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 17(1), 75-80 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Geraghty, E.

A. Guirao, M. Redondo, E. Geraghty, P. Piers, S. Norrby, and P. Artal, "Corneal optical aberrations and retinal image quality in patients in whom monofocal intraocular lenses were implanted," Arch. Ophthalmol 120, 1143-1151 (2002).

Greivenkamp, J.

Guirao, A.

A. Guirao, J. Tejedor, and P. Artal, "Corneal aberrations before and after small-incision cataract surgery," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 45,4312-4319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Guirao, M. Redondo, E. Geraghty, P. Piers, S. Norrby, and P. Artal, "Corneal optical aberrations and retinal image quality in patients in whom monofocal intraocular lenses were implanted," Arch. Ophthalmol 120, 1143-1151 (2002).

He, J. C.

J. C. He, S. A. Burns, and S. Marcos, "Monochromatic aberrations in the accommodated human eye," Vision. Res 40, 41-48 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hernandez, E.

O. Prisant, T. Hoang-Xuan, C. Proano, E. Hernandez, S. Awad, and D. T. Azar, "Vector summation of anterior and posterior corneal topographical astigmatism," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 28, 1578-1585 (2002).

Herzberger, M.

M. Herzberger, "Colour Correction in Optical Systems and a New Dispersion Formula," Opt. Acta 5, 197-215 (1959).

Hitzenberger, C.

W. Drexler, A. Baumgartner, O. Findl, C. Hitzenberger, H. Sattmann, and A. Fercher, "Submicrometer precision biometry of the anterior segment of the human eye," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 38, 1304-1313 (1997).

Hoang-Xuan, T.

O. Prisant, T. Hoang-Xuan, C. Proano, E. Hernandez, S. Awad, and D. T. Azar, "Vector summation of anterior and posterior corneal topographical astigmatism," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 28, 1578-1585 (2002).

Holladay, J.

J. Holladay, P. Piers, G. Koranyi, M. van der Mooren, and N. Norrby, "A new intraocular lens design to reduce spherical aberration of pseudophakic eyes," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 18, 683-691 (2002).

Hong, X.

Jimenez Alfaro, I.

S. Marcos, B. Barbero, and I. Jimenez Alfaro, "Optical quality and depth-of-field of eyes implanted with spherical and aspheric intraocular lenses," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 21, 223-235 (2005).

Jimenez-Alfaro, I.

S. Marcos, P. Rosales, L. Llorente, and I. Jimenez-Alfaro, "Change of corneal aberrations after cataract surgery with two types of aspheric intraocular lenses.," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 33, 217-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Barbero, S. Marcos, and I. Jimenez-Alfaro, "Optical aberrations of intraocular lenses measured in vivo and in vitro," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 1841-1851 (2003).

Kaufman, P.

Kirschkamp, T.

J. C. Barry, M. Dunne, and T. Kirschkamp, "Phakometric measurement of ocular surface radius of curvature and alignment: evaluation of method with physical model eyes," Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 21, 450-460 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kiss, B.

K. Kriechbaum, O. Findl, B. Kiss, S. Sacu, V. Petternel, and W. Drexler, "Comparison of anterior chamber depth measurement methods in phakic and pseudophakic eyes," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 29, 89-94 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Koester, C. J.

P. Phillips, J. Perez-Emmanuelli, H. D. Rosskothen, and C. J. Koester, "Measurement of intraocular lens decentration and tilt in vivo," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 14, 129-135 (1988).

Koranyi, G.

J. Holladay, P. Piers, G. Koranyi, M. van der Mooren, and N. Norrby, "A new intraocular lens design to reduce spherical aberration of pseudophakic eyes," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 18, 683-691 (2002).

Koretz, J.

Kriechbaum, K.

K. Kriechbaum, O. Findl, B. Kiss, S. Sacu, V. Petternel, and W. Drexler, "Comparison of anterior chamber depth measurement methods in phakic and pseudophakic eyes," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 29, 89-94 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lara-Saucedo, D.

L. Llorente, L. Diaz-Santana, D. Lara-Saucedo, and S. Marcos, "Aberrations of the human eye in visible and near infrared illumination.," Optom. Vision Sci 80, 26-35 (2003).

Llorente, L.

S. Marcos, P. Rosales, L. Llorente, and I. Jimenez-Alfaro, "Change of corneal aberrations after cataract surgery with two types of aspheric intraocular lenses.," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 33, 217-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Llorente, S. Barbero, D. Cano, C. Dorronsoro, and S. Marcos, "Myopic versus hyperopic eyes: axial length, corneal shape and optical aberrations" J. Vision 4, 288-298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Llorente, L. Diaz-Santana, D. Lara-Saucedo, and S. Marcos, "Aberrations of the human eye in visible and near infrared illumination.," Optom. Vision Sci 80, 26-35 (2003).

S. Marcos, L. Díaz-Santana, L. Llorente, and D. C., "Ocular aberrations with ray tracing and Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensors: does polarization play a role?" J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 1063-1072 (2002).

Lopez-Gil, N.

F. J. Castejon-Mochon, N. Lopez-Gil, A. Benito, and P. Artal, "Ocular wave-front aberration statistics in a normal young population," Vision. Res 42, 1611-1617 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mandell, R.

R. Mandell, "Locating the corneal sighting center from videokeratography," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 11, 253-258 (1995).

Marcos, S.

A. de Castro, P. Rosales, and S. Marcos, "Tilt and decentration of intraocular lenses in vivo from Purkinje and Scheimpflug imaging: A validation study," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg (2007) (to be published).

S. Marcos, P. Rosales, L. Llorente, and I. Jimenez-Alfaro, "Change of corneal aberrations after cataract surgery with two types of aspheric intraocular lenses.," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 33, 217-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Rosales, M. Dubbelman, S. Marcos, and G. L. Van der Heijde, "Crystalline radii of curvature from Pukinje and Scheimpflug imaging," J. Vision 6, 1057-1067 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Rosales and S. Marcos, "Phakometry and lens tilt and decentration using a custom-developed Purkinje imaging apparatus: validation and measurements," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23,509-520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Marcos, B. Barbero, and I. Jimenez Alfaro, "Optical quality and depth-of-field of eyes implanted with spherical and aspheric intraocular lenses," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 21, 223-235 (2005).

L. Llorente, S. Barbero, D. Cano, C. Dorronsoro, and S. Marcos, "Myopic versus hyperopic eyes: axial length, corneal shape and optical aberrations" J. Vision 4, 288-298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Llorente, L. Diaz-Santana, D. Lara-Saucedo, and S. Marcos, "Aberrations of the human eye in visible and near infrared illumination.," Optom. Vision Sci 80, 26-35 (2003).

S. Barbero, S. Marcos, and I. Jimenez-Alfaro, "Optical aberrations of intraocular lenses measured in vivo and in vitro," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 1841-1851 (2003).

S. Barbero, S. Marcos, J. Merayo-Lloves, and E. Moreno-Barriuso, "Validation of the estimation of corneal aberrations from videokeratography in keratoconus," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 18, 263-270 (2002).

S. Marcos, L. Díaz-Santana, L. Llorente, and D. C., "Ocular aberrations with ray tracing and Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensors: does polarization play a role?" J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 1063-1072 (2002).

E. Moreno-Barriuso, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, and S. A. Burns, "Comparing Laser Ray Tracing, Spatially Resolved Refractometer and Hartmann-Shack sensor to measure the ocular wavefront aberration," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 78, 152 - 156 (2001).

S. Marcos, S. A. Burns, P. M. Prieto, R. Navarro, and B. Baraibar, "Investigating sources of variability of monochromatic and transverse chromatic aberrations across eyes," Vision. Res 41, 3861-3871 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Mclellan, S. Marcos, and S. Burns, "Age-related changes in monochromatic wave aberrations in the human eye," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 42, 1390-1395 (2001).

J. C. He, S. A. Burns, and S. Marcos, "Monochromatic aberrations in the accommodated human eye," Vision. Res 40, 41-48 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Applegate, L. Thibos, A. Bradley, S. Marcos, A. Roorda, T. Salmon, and D. Atchison, "Reference axis selection: subcommittee Report of the OSA working group to establish standards for measurement and reporting of optical aberrations of the eye," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 16, 656-658 (2000).

P. Artal, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, I. Miranda, and M. Ferro, "Through-focus image quality of eyes implanted with monofocal and multifocal intraocular lenses," Opt. Eng 34, 772-779 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mclellan, J.

J. Mclellan, S. Marcos, and S. Burns, "Age-related changes in monochromatic wave aberrations in the human eye," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 42, 1390-1395 (2001).

Merayo-Lloves, J.

S. Barbero, S. Marcos, J. Merayo-Lloves, and E. Moreno-Barriuso, "Validation of the estimation of corneal aberrations from videokeratography in keratoconus," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 18, 263-270 (2002).

Mester, U.

U. Mester, P. Dillinger, and N. Anterist, "Impact of a modified optic design on visual function: clinical comparative study," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 29, 653-660 (2003).

Miller, J.

Miranda, I.

P. Artal, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, I. Miranda, and M. Ferro, "Through-focus image quality of eyes implanted with monofocal and multifocal intraocular lenses," Opt. Eng 34, 772-779 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Moreno-Barriuso, E.

S. Barbero, S. Marcos, J. Merayo-Lloves, and E. Moreno-Barriuso, "Validation of the estimation of corneal aberrations from videokeratography in keratoconus," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 18, 263-270 (2002).

E. Moreno-Barriuso, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, and S. A. Burns, "Comparing Laser Ray Tracing, Spatially Resolved Refractometer and Hartmann-Shack sensor to measure the ocular wavefront aberration," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 78, 152 - 156 (2001).

E. Moreno-Barriuso and R. Navarro, "Laser Ray Tracing versus Hartmann-Shack Sensor for Measuring Optical Aberrations in the Human Eye," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 974-985 (2000).

Morimoto, L.

K. M. Rocha, E. S. Soriano, M. R. Chalita, A. C. Yamada, K. Bottós, J. Bottós, L. Morimoto, and W. Nosé, "Wavefront analysis and contrast sensitivity of aspheric and spherical intraocular lenses: a randomized prospective study," Am. J. Ophthalmol. 142, 750-756 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mutti, D.

D. Mutti, K. Zadnik, and A. Adams, "A video technique for phakometry of the human crystalline lens," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 33, 1771-1782 (1992).

Navarro, R.

S. Marcos, S. A. Burns, P. M. Prieto, R. Navarro, and B. Baraibar, "Investigating sources of variability of monochromatic and transverse chromatic aberrations across eyes," Vision. Res 41, 3861-3871 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Moreno-Barriuso, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, and S. A. Burns, "Comparing Laser Ray Tracing, Spatially Resolved Refractometer and Hartmann-Shack sensor to measure the ocular wavefront aberration," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 78, 152 - 156 (2001).

E. Moreno-Barriuso and R. Navarro, "Laser Ray Tracing versus Hartmann-Shack Sensor for Measuring Optical Aberrations in the Human Eye," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 974-985 (2000).

I. Escudero-Sanz and R. Navarro, "Off-axis aberrations of a wide-angle schematic eye model," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 1-11 (1999).

P. Artal, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, I. Miranda, and M. Ferro, "Through-focus image quality of eyes implanted with monofocal and multifocal intraocular lenses," Opt. Eng 34, 772-779 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Navarro, J. Santamaría, and J. Bescós, "Accommodation-dependent model of the human eye with aspherics," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 1273-1281 (1985).

Norrby, N.

J. Holladay, P. Piers, G. Koranyi, M. van der Mooren, and N. Norrby, "A new intraocular lens design to reduce spherical aberration of pseudophakic eyes," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 18, 683-691 (2002).

Norrby, S.

A. Guirao, M. Redondo, E. Geraghty, P. Piers, S. Norrby, and P. Artal, "Corneal optical aberrations and retinal image quality in patients in whom monofocal intraocular lenses were implanted," Arch. Ophthalmol 120, 1143-1151 (2002).

Nosé, W.

K. M. Rocha, E. S. Soriano, M. R. Chalita, A. C. Yamada, K. Bottós, J. Bottós, L. Morimoto, and W. Nosé, "Wavefront analysis and contrast sensitivity of aspheric and spherical intraocular lenses: a randomized prospective study," Am. J. Ophthalmol. 142, 750-756 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Perez-Emmanuelli, J.

P. Phillips, J. Perez-Emmanuelli, H. D. Rosskothen, and C. J. Koester, "Measurement of intraocular lens decentration and tilt in vivo," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 14, 129-135 (1988).

Pesudovs, K.

K. Pesudovs, H. Dietze, O. Stewart, N. B, and M. Cox, "Effect of cataract surgery incision location and intraocular lens type on ocular aberrations," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 31, 725-734 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Petternel, V.

K. Kriechbaum, O. Findl, B. Kiss, S. Sacu, V. Petternel, and W. Drexler, "Comparison of anterior chamber depth measurement methods in phakic and pseudophakic eyes," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 29, 89-94 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, P.

P. Phillips, J. Perez-Emmanuelli, H. D. Rosskothen, and C. J. Koester, "Measurement of intraocular lens decentration and tilt in vivo," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 14, 129-135 (1988).

Piers, P.

J. Tabernero, P. Piers, A. Benio, M. Redondo, and P. Artal, "Predicting the optical performance of eyes implanted with IOLs to correct spherical aberration," Invest Ophthalmol Visual Sci 47, 4651-4658 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Guirao, M. Redondo, E. Geraghty, P. Piers, S. Norrby, and P. Artal, "Corneal optical aberrations and retinal image quality in patients in whom monofocal intraocular lenses were implanted," Arch. Ophthalmol 120, 1143-1151 (2002).

J. Holladay, P. Piers, G. Koranyi, M. van der Mooren, and N. Norrby, "A new intraocular lens design to reduce spherical aberration of pseudophakic eyes," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 18, 683-691 (2002).

Prieto, P. M.

S. Marcos, S. A. Burns, P. M. Prieto, R. Navarro, and B. Baraibar, "Investigating sources of variability of monochromatic and transverse chromatic aberrations across eyes," Vision. Res 41, 3861-3871 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Prisant, O.

O. Prisant, T. Hoang-Xuan, C. Proano, E. Hernandez, S. Awad, and D. T. Azar, "Vector summation of anterior and posterior corneal topographical astigmatism," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 28, 1578-1585 (2002).

Proano, C.

O. Prisant, T. Hoang-Xuan, C. Proano, E. Hernandez, S. Awad, and D. T. Azar, "Vector summation of anterior and posterior corneal topographical astigmatism," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 28, 1578-1585 (2002).

Redondo, M.

J. Tabernero, P. Piers, A. Benio, M. Redondo, and P. Artal, "Predicting the optical performance of eyes implanted with IOLs to correct spherical aberration," Invest Ophthalmol Visual Sci 47, 4651-4658 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Guirao, M. Redondo, E. Geraghty, P. Piers, S. Norrby, and P. Artal, "Corneal optical aberrations and retinal image quality in patients in whom monofocal intraocular lenses were implanted," Arch. Ophthalmol 120, 1143-1151 (2002).

Rocha, K. M.

K. M. Rocha, E. S. Soriano, M. R. Chalita, A. C. Yamada, K. Bottós, J. Bottós, L. Morimoto, and W. Nosé, "Wavefront analysis and contrast sensitivity of aspheric and spherical intraocular lenses: a randomized prospective study," Am. J. Ophthalmol. 142, 750-756 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Roorda, A.

R. Applegate, L. Thibos, A. Bradley, S. Marcos, A. Roorda, T. Salmon, and D. Atchison, "Reference axis selection: subcommittee Report of the OSA working group to establish standards for measurement and reporting of optical aberrations of the eye," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 16, 656-658 (2000).

Rosales, P.

A. de Castro, P. Rosales, and S. Marcos, "Tilt and decentration of intraocular lenses in vivo from Purkinje and Scheimpflug imaging: A validation study," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg (2007) (to be published).

S. Marcos, P. Rosales, L. Llorente, and I. Jimenez-Alfaro, "Change of corneal aberrations after cataract surgery with two types of aspheric intraocular lenses.," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 33, 217-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Rosales, M. Dubbelman, S. Marcos, and G. L. Van der Heijde, "Crystalline radii of curvature from Pukinje and Scheimpflug imaging," J. Vision 6, 1057-1067 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Rosales and S. Marcos, "Phakometry and lens tilt and decentration using a custom-developed Purkinje imaging apparatus: validation and measurements," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23,509-520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rosskothen, H. D.

P. Phillips, J. Perez-Emmanuelli, H. D. Rosskothen, and C. J. Koester, "Measurement of intraocular lens decentration and tilt in vivo," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 14, 129-135 (1988).

Royston, J.

M. Dunne, J. Royston, and D. Barnes, "Posterior corneal surface toricity and total corneal astigmatism," Optom. Vision Sci 68, 708-710 (1991).

Sacu, S.

K. Kriechbaum, O. Findl, B. Kiss, S. Sacu, V. Petternel, and W. Drexler, "Comparison of anterior chamber depth measurement methods in phakic and pseudophakic eyes," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 29, 89-94 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Salmon, T.

R. Applegate, L. Thibos, A. Bradley, S. Marcos, A. Roorda, T. Salmon, and D. Atchison, "Reference axis selection: subcommittee Report of the OSA working group to establish standards for measurement and reporting of optical aberrations of the eye," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 16, 656-658 (2000).

Santamaría, J.

Sattmann, H.

W. Drexler, A. Baumgartner, O. Findl, C. Hitzenberger, H. Sattmann, and A. Fercher, "Submicrometer precision biometry of the anterior segment of the human eye," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 38, 1304-1313 (1997).

Schwiegerling, J.

Sicam, V.

M. Dubbelman, V. Sicam, and G. L. Van der Heijde, "The shape of the anterior and posterior surface of the aging human cornea," Vision. Res 46, 993-1001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Soriano, E. S.

K. M. Rocha, E. S. Soriano, M. R. Chalita, A. C. Yamada, K. Bottós, J. Bottós, L. Morimoto, and W. Nosé, "Wavefront analysis and contrast sensitivity of aspheric and spherical intraocular lenses: a randomized prospective study," Am. J. Ophthalmol. 142, 750-756 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, O.

K. Pesudovs, H. Dietze, O. Stewart, N. B, and M. Cox, "Effect of cataract surgery incision location and intraocular lens type on ocular aberrations," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 31, 725-734 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tabernero, J.

J. Tabernero, P. Piers, A. Benio, M. Redondo, and P. Artal, "Predicting the optical performance of eyes implanted with IOLs to correct spherical aberration," Invest Ophthalmol Visual Sci 47, 4651-4658 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Artal, A. Benito, and J. Tabernero, "The human eye is an example of robust optical design," J. Vision 6, 1-7 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tejedor, J.

A. Guirao, J. Tejedor, and P. Artal, "Corneal aberrations before and after small-incision cataract surgery," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 45,4312-4319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thibos, L.

L. Thibos, X. Hong, A. Bradley, and X. Cheng, "Statistical variation of aberration structure and image quality in a normal population of healthy eyes," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 2329-2348 (2002).

R. Applegate, L. Thibos, A. Bradley, S. Marcos, A. Roorda, T. Salmon, and D. Atchison, "Reference axis selection: subcommittee Report of the OSA working group to establish standards for measurement and reporting of optical aberrations of the eye," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 16, 656-658 (2000).

van der Heijde, G.

M. Dubbelman, G. van der Heijde, and H. Weeber, "The thickness of the aging human lens obtained from corrected Scheimpflug images," Optom. Vision Sci 78, 411-416 (2001).

Van der Heijde, G. L.

M. Dubbelman, V. Sicam, and G. L. Van der Heijde, "The shape of the anterior and posterior surface of the aging human cornea," Vision. Res 46, 993-1001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Rosales, M. Dubbelman, S. Marcos, and G. L. Van der Heijde, "Crystalline radii of curvature from Pukinje and Scheimpflug imaging," J. Vision 6, 1057-1067 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Dubbelman and G. L. Van der Heijde, "The shape of the aging human lens: curvature, equivalent refractive index and the lens paradox," Vision. Res. 41, 1867-1877 (2001).
[CrossRef]

van der Mooren, M.

J. Holladay, P. Piers, G. Koranyi, M. van der Mooren, and N. Norrby, "A new intraocular lens design to reduce spherical aberration of pseudophakic eyes," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 18, 683-691 (2002).

Weeber, H.

M. Dubbelman, G. van der Heijde, and H. Weeber, "The thickness of the aging human lens obtained from corrected Scheimpflug images," Optom. Vision Sci 78, 411-416 (2001).

Yamada, A. C.

K. M. Rocha, E. S. Soriano, M. R. Chalita, A. C. Yamada, K. Bottós, J. Bottós, L. Morimoto, and W. Nosé, "Wavefront analysis and contrast sensitivity of aspheric and spherical intraocular lenses: a randomized prospective study," Am. J. Ophthalmol. 142, 750-756 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zadnik, K.

D. Mutti, K. Zadnik, and A. Adams, "A video technique for phakometry of the human crystalline lens," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 33, 1771-1782 (1992).

Am. J. Ophthalmol. (1)

K. M. Rocha, E. S. Soriano, M. R. Chalita, A. C. Yamada, K. Bottós, J. Bottós, L. Morimoto, and W. Nosé, "Wavefront analysis and contrast sensitivity of aspheric and spherical intraocular lenses: a randomized prospective study," Am. J. Ophthalmol. 142, 750-756 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Arch. Ophthalmol (1)

A. Guirao, M. Redondo, E. Geraghty, P. Piers, S. Norrby, and P. Artal, "Corneal optical aberrations and retinal image quality in patients in whom monofocal intraocular lenses were implanted," Arch. Ophthalmol 120, 1143-1151 (2002).

Invest Ophthalmol Visual Sci (1)

J. Tabernero, P. Piers, A. Benio, M. Redondo, and P. Artal, "Predicting the optical performance of eyes implanted with IOLs to correct spherical aberration," Invest Ophthalmol Visual Sci 47, 4651-4658 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. (5)

A. Guirao, J. Tejedor, and P. Artal, "Corneal aberrations before and after small-incision cataract surgery," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 45,4312-4319 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Mclellan, S. Marcos, and S. Burns, "Age-related changes in monochromatic wave aberrations in the human eye," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 42, 1390-1395 (2001).

E. Moreno-Barriuso, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, and S. A. Burns, "Comparing Laser Ray Tracing, Spatially Resolved Refractometer and Hartmann-Shack sensor to measure the ocular wavefront aberration," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 78, 152 - 156 (2001).

W. Drexler, A. Baumgartner, O. Findl, C. Hitzenberger, H. Sattmann, and A. Fercher, "Submicrometer precision biometry of the anterior segment of the human eye," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 38, 1304-1313 (1997).

D. Mutti, K. Zadnik, and A. Adams, "A video technique for phakometry of the human crystalline lens," Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual. Sci. 33, 1771-1782 (1992).

J. Cataract. Refract. Surg (12)

S. Barbero, S. Marcos, J. Merayo-Lloves, and E. Moreno-Barriuso, "Validation of the estimation of corneal aberrations from videokeratography in keratoconus," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 18, 263-270 (2002).

S. Marcos, B. Barbero, and I. Jimenez Alfaro, "Optical quality and depth-of-field of eyes implanted with spherical and aspheric intraocular lenses," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 21, 223-235 (2005).

U. Mester, P. Dillinger, and N. Anterist, "Impact of a modified optic design on visual function: clinical comparative study," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 29, 653-660 (2003).

K. Pesudovs, H. Dietze, O. Stewart, N. B, and M. Cox, "Effect of cataract surgery incision location and intraocular lens type on ocular aberrations," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 31, 725-734 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Holladay, P. Piers, G. Koranyi, M. van der Mooren, and N. Norrby, "A new intraocular lens design to reduce spherical aberration of pseudophakic eyes," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 18, 683-691 (2002).

S. Marcos, P. Rosales, L. Llorente, and I. Jimenez-Alfaro, "Change of corneal aberrations after cataract surgery with two types of aspheric intraocular lenses.," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 33, 217-226 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. Prisant, T. Hoang-Xuan, C. Proano, E. Hernandez, S. Awad, and D. T. Azar, "Vector summation of anterior and posterior corneal topographical astigmatism," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 28, 1578-1585 (2002).

P. Phillips, J. Perez-Emmanuelli, H. D. Rosskothen, and C. J. Koester, "Measurement of intraocular lens decentration and tilt in vivo," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 14, 129-135 (1988).

R. Applegate, L. Thibos, A. Bradley, S. Marcos, A. Roorda, T. Salmon, and D. Atchison, "Reference axis selection: subcommittee Report of the OSA working group to establish standards for measurement and reporting of optical aberrations of the eye," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 16, 656-658 (2000).

A. de Castro, P. Rosales, and S. Marcos, "Tilt and decentration of intraocular lenses in vivo from Purkinje and Scheimpflug imaging: A validation study," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg (2007) (to be published).

R. Mandell, "Locating the corneal sighting center from videokeratography," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 11, 253-258 (1995).

K. Kriechbaum, O. Findl, B. Kiss, S. Sacu, V. Petternel, and W. Drexler, "Comparison of anterior chamber depth measurement methods in phakic and pseudophakic eyes," J. Cataract. Refract. Surg 29, 89-94 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (10)

E. Moreno-Barriuso and R. Navarro, "Laser Ray Tracing versus Hartmann-Shack Sensor for Measuring Optical Aberrations in the Human Eye," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 974-985 (2000).

R. Navarro, J. Santamaría, and J. Bescós, "Accommodation-dependent model of the human eye with aspherics," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 1273-1281 (1985).

J. Schwiegerling, J. Greivenkamp, and J. Miller, "Representation of videokeratoscopic height data with Zernike polynomials," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 2105-2113 (1995).

J. Koretz, C. Cook, and P. Kaufman, "Aging of the human lens: changes in lens shape at zero-diopter accommodation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 265-272 (2001).

I. Escudero-Sanz and R. Navarro, "Off-axis aberrations of a wide-angle schematic eye model," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16, 1-11 (1999).

S. Marcos, L. Díaz-Santana, L. Llorente, and D. C., "Ocular aberrations with ray tracing and Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensors: does polarization play a role?" J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 1063-1072 (2002).

L. Thibos, X. Hong, A. Bradley, and X. Cheng, "Statistical variation of aberration structure and image quality in a normal population of healthy eyes," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 2329-2348 (2002).

S. Barbero, S. Marcos, and I. Jimenez-Alfaro, "Optical aberrations of intraocular lenses measured in vivo and in vitro," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 1841-1851 (2003).

P. Rosales and S. Marcos, "Phakometry and lens tilt and decentration using a custom-developed Purkinje imaging apparatus: validation and measurements," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23,509-520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Barbero, "Refractive power of a multilayer rotationally symmetric model of the human cornea and tear film," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 1578-1585 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Vision (3)

P. Artal, A. Benito, and J. Tabernero, "The human eye is an example of robust optical design," J. Vision 6, 1-7 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Rosales, M. Dubbelman, S. Marcos, and G. L. Van der Heijde, "Crystalline radii of curvature from Pukinje and Scheimpflug imaging," J. Vision 6, 1057-1067 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Llorente, S. Barbero, D. Cano, C. Dorronsoro, and S. Marcos, "Myopic versus hyperopic eyes: axial length, corneal shape and optical aberrations" J. Vision 4, 288-298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. (3)

J. C. Barry, M. Dunne, and T. Kirschkamp, "Phakometric measurement of ocular surface radius of curvature and alignment: evaluation of method with physical model eyes," Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 21, 450-460 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Atchison, "Design of aspheric intraocular lenses," Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 10, 57-66 (1990).

L. F. Garner, "Calculation of the radii of curvature of the crystalline lens surfaces," Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 17(1), 75-80 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Acta (1)

M. Herzberger, "Colour Correction in Optical Systems and a New Dispersion Formula," Opt. Acta 5, 197-215 (1959).

Opt. Eng (1)

P. Artal, S. Marcos, R. Navarro, I. Miranda, and M. Ferro, "Through-focus image quality of eyes implanted with monofocal and multifocal intraocular lenses," Opt. Eng 34, 772-779 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Optom. Vision Sci (5)

D. A. Atchison, "Optical design of intraocular lenses. I. On-axis performance," Optom. Vision Sci 66, 492-506 (1989).

M. Dubbelman, G. van der Heijde, and H. Weeber, "The thickness of the aging human lens obtained from corrected Scheimpflug images," Optom. Vision Sci 78, 411-416 (2001).

C. Campbell, "Reconstruction of the corneal shape with the MasterVue Corenal Topography System," Optom. Vision Sci 74, 899-905 (1997).

M. Dunne, J. Royston, and D. Barnes, "Posterior corneal surface toricity and total corneal astigmatism," Optom. Vision Sci 68, 708-710 (1991).

L. Llorente, L. Diaz-Santana, D. Lara-Saucedo, and S. Marcos, "Aberrations of the human eye in visible and near infrared illumination.," Optom. Vision Sci 80, 26-35 (2003).

Vision. Res (4)

J. C. He, S. A. Burns, and S. Marcos, "Monochromatic aberrations in the accommodated human eye," Vision. Res 40, 41-48 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Dubbelman, V. Sicam, and G. L. Van der Heijde, "The shape of the anterior and posterior surface of the aging human cornea," Vision. Res 46, 993-1001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Castejon-Mochon, N. Lopez-Gil, A. Benito, and P. Artal, "Ocular wave-front aberration statistics in a normal young population," Vision. Res 42, 1611-1617 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Marcos, S. A. Burns, P. M. Prieto, R. Navarro, and B. Baraibar, "Investigating sources of variability of monochromatic and transverse chromatic aberrations across eyes," Vision. Res 41, 3861-3871 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vision. Res. (1)

M. Dubbelman and G. L. Van der Heijde, "The shape of the aging human lens: curvature, equivalent refractive index and the lens paradox," Vision. Res. 41, 1867-1877 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

D. A. Atchison and G. Smith, Optics of the Human Eye (Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford, 2000).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics