Abstract

We report on reflection modulation results near 1.55 μm in InP-based two-dimensional photonic crystals. The fabrication technology uses a polymeric bonding technique to integrate the InP thin-slab onto a Silicon wafer. Reflectivity modulation greater than 90% is obtained by pumping at 810 nm with optical excitation densities of 15 μJ/cm2. The resulting optical broadband modulation is based on the saturation of absorption of InGaAs quantum wells at a photonic mode frequency tunable by lithography.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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2006 (5)

2005 (6)

F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, A. M. Yacomotti, C. Seassal, P. Viktorovitch, R. Raj and A. Levenson, "Doubly resonant photonic crystal for efficient laser operation: Pumping and lasing at low group velocity photonic modes", Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 011116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, G. Kira, E. Kuramochi and T. Tanabe, "Optical bistable switching action of Si high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavities," Opt. Express 13, 2678-2687 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, I. Sagnes, M. Strassner, L. Le Gratiet, R. Raj and A. Levenson, "Ultra-fast nonlinear response around 1.5 µm in 2D AlGaAs/AlOx photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. B 81, 333-336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, C. Cojocaru, A. M. Yacomotti, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, R. Raj, and A. Levenson, "Optical amplification in two-dimensional photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 091111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Rojo-Romeo, J. L. Leclercq, P. Viktorovitch M. Zussy, L. di Cioccio, L. El Melhaoui and J.-M. Fedeli, "Coupling analysis of heterogeneous integrated InP based photonic crystal triangular lattice band-edge lasers and silicon waveguides," Opt. Express 13, 3310-3322 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. F. Preble, Q. Xu, B. S. Schmidt and M. Lipson, "Ultrafast all-optical modulation on a silicon chip," Opt. Lett. 30, 2891-2893 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (4)

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, "A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor," Nature 427, 615-618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, R. Raj, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, "Ultrafast dynamics of the third-order nonlinear response in a two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1880-1882 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Symonds, J. Dion, I. Sagnes, M. Dainese, M. Strassner, L. Leroy and J.-L. Oudar, "High performance 1.55 µm vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with broadband integrated dielectric-metal mirror," Electron. Lett. 40, 734-735 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Nakamura, Y. Sugimoto, K. Kanamoto, N. Ikeda, Y. Tanaka, Y. Nakamura, S. Ohkouchi, Y. Watanabe, K. Inoue, H. Ishikawa and K. Asakawa, "Ultra-fast photonic crystal/quantum dot all-optical switch for future photonic networks," Opt. Express 12, 6606-6614 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

S. W. Leonard, H. M. van Driel, J. Schilling and R. B. Wehrspohn, "Ultrafast band-edge tuning of a two-dimensional silicon photonic crystal via free-carrier injection," Phys. Rev. B 66, 161102 (R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

L.V. Dao, M. Gal, C. Carmody, H. H. Tan and C. Jagadish, "A comparison of impurity-free and ion-implantation-induced intermixing of InGaAs/InP quantum wells," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5252-5254 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

Arai, S.

Asakawa, K.

Ben Bakir, B.

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch L. Di Cioccio and J. M. Fedeli, "All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bristow, A. D.

Carmody, C.

L.V. Dao, M. Gal, C. Carmody, H. H. Tan and C. Jagadish, "A comparison of impurity-free and ion-implantation-induced intermixing of InGaAs/InP quantum wells," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5252-5254 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, O.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, "A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor," Nature 427, 615-618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cojocaru, C.

F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, C. Cojocaru, A. M. Yacomotti, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, R. Raj, and A. Levenson, "Optical amplification in two-dimensional photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 091111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, R. Raj, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, "Ultrafast dynamics of the third-order nonlinear response in a two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1880-1882 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dainese, M.

C. Symonds, J. Dion, I. Sagnes, M. Dainese, M. Strassner, L. Leroy and J.-L. Oudar, "High performance 1.55 µm vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with broadband integrated dielectric-metal mirror," Electron. Lett. 40, 734-735 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dao, L.V.

L.V. Dao, M. Gal, C. Carmody, H. H. Tan and C. Jagadish, "A comparison of impurity-free and ion-implantation-induced intermixing of InGaAs/InP quantum wells," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5252-5254 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dapkus, P. D.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dion, J.

C. Symonds, J. Dion, I. Sagnes, M. Dainese, M. Strassner, L. Leroy and J.-L. Oudar, "High performance 1.55 µm vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with broadband integrated dielectric-metal mirror," Electron. Lett. 40, 734-735 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fox, A. M.

Gal, M.

L.V. Dao, M. Gal, C. Carmody, H. H. Tan and C. Jagadish, "A comparison of impurity-free and ion-implantation-induced intermixing of InGaAs/InP quantum wells," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5252-5254 (2000).
[CrossRef]

García-Deníz, A. Z.

Hattori, H. T.

Hodson, T.

Ikeda, N.

Inoue, K.

Ishikawa, H.

Jagadish, C.

L.V. Dao, M. Gal, C. Carmody, H. H. Tan and C. Jagadish, "A comparison of impurity-free and ion-implantation-induced intermixing of InGaAs/InP quantum wells," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5252-5254 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jones, R.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, "A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor," Nature 427, 615-618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kanamoto, K.

Kim, I.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kira, G.

Krauss, T. F.

Kundys, D. O.

Kuramochi, E.

Lane, B.

Le Gratiet, L.

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, I. Sagnes, M. Strassner, L. Le Gratiet, R. Raj and A. Levenson, "Ultra-fast nonlinear response around 1.5 µm in 2D AlGaAs/AlOx photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. B 81, 333-336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Leclercq, J. L.

Lee, R. K.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leonard, S. W.

S. W. Leonard, H. M. van Driel, J. Schilling and R. B. Wehrspohn, "Ultrafast band-edge tuning of a two-dimensional silicon photonic crystal via free-carrier injection," Phys. Rev. B 66, 161102 (R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

Leroy, L.

C. Symonds, J. Dion, I. Sagnes, M. Dainese, M. Strassner, L. Leroy and J.-L. Oudar, "High performance 1.55 µm vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with broadband integrated dielectric-metal mirror," Electron. Lett. 40, 734-735 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Letartre, X.

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch L. Di Cioccio and J. M. Fedeli, "All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Rojo-Romeo, J. L. Leclercq, P. Viktorovitch M. Zussy, L. di Cioccio, L. El Melhaoui and J.-M. Fedeli, "Coupling analysis of heterogeneous integrated InP based photonic crystal triangular lattice band-edge lasers and silicon waveguides," Opt. Express 13, 3310-3322 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, C. Cojocaru, A. M. Yacomotti, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, R. Raj, and A. Levenson, "Optical amplification in two-dimensional photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 091111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, R. Raj, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, "Ultrafast dynamics of the third-order nonlinear response in a two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1880-1882 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Levenson, A.

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch L. Di Cioccio and J. M. Fedeli, "All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, I. Sagnes, M. Strassner, L. Le Gratiet, R. Raj and A. Levenson, "Ultra-fast nonlinear response around 1.5 µm in 2D AlGaAs/AlOx photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. B 81, 333-336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, C. Cojocaru, A. M. Yacomotti, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, R. Raj, and A. Levenson, "Optical amplification in two-dimensional photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 091111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, A. M. Yacomotti, C. Seassal, P. Viktorovitch, R. Raj and A. Levenson, "Doubly resonant photonic crystal for efficient laser operation: Pumping and lasing at low group velocity photonic modes", Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 011116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, R. Raj, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, "Ultrafast dynamics of the third-order nonlinear response in a two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1880-1882 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liao, L.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, "A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor," Nature 427, 615-618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lipson, M.

Liu, A.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, "A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor," Nature 427, 615-618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin, R.

Maruyama, T.

Mitsugi, S.

Miura, K.

Monnier, P.

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch L. Di Cioccio and J. M. Fedeli, "All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, R. Raj, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, "Ultrafast dynamics of the third-order nonlinear response in a two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1880-1882 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, H.

Nakamura, Y.

Ndi, F. C.

Nicolaescu, R.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, "A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor," Nature 427, 615-618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nishimoto, Y.

Notomi, M.

O'Brien, J. D.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ohkouchi, S.

Okumura, T.

Oudar, J.-L.

C. Symonds, J. Dion, I. Sagnes, M. Dainese, M. Strassner, L. Leroy and J.-L. Oudar, "High performance 1.55 µm vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with broadband integrated dielectric-metal mirror," Electron. Lett. 40, 734-735 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Painter, O.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paniccia, M.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, "A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor," Nature 427, 615-618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prather, D. W.

Preble, S. F.

Raineri, F.

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch L. Di Cioccio and J. M. Fedeli, "All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, I. Sagnes, M. Strassner, L. Le Gratiet, R. Raj and A. Levenson, "Ultra-fast nonlinear response around 1.5 µm in 2D AlGaAs/AlOx photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. B 81, 333-336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, C. Cojocaru, A. M. Yacomotti, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, R. Raj, and A. Levenson, "Optical amplification in two-dimensional photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 091111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, A. M. Yacomotti, C. Seassal, P. Viktorovitch, R. Raj and A. Levenson, "Doubly resonant photonic crystal for efficient laser operation: Pumping and lasing at low group velocity photonic modes", Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 011116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, R. Raj, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, "Ultrafast dynamics of the third-order nonlinear response in a two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1880-1882 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Raj, R.

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch L. Di Cioccio and J. M. Fedeli, "All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, I. Sagnes, M. Strassner, L. Le Gratiet, R. Raj and A. Levenson, "Ultra-fast nonlinear response around 1.5 µm in 2D AlGaAs/AlOx photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. B 81, 333-336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, C. Cojocaru, A. M. Yacomotti, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, R. Raj, and A. Levenson, "Optical amplification in two-dimensional photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 091111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, A. M. Yacomotti, C. Seassal, P. Viktorovitch, R. Raj and A. Levenson, "Doubly resonant photonic crystal for efficient laser operation: Pumping and lasing at low group velocity photonic modes", Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 011116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, R. Raj, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, "Ultrafast dynamics of the third-order nonlinear response in a two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1880-1882 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ritter, K. J.

Roberts, J. S.

Roelkens, G.

Rojo-Romeo, P.

Rubin, D.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, "A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor," Nature 427, 615-618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sagnes, I.

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, I. Sagnes, M. Strassner, L. Le Gratiet, R. Raj and A. Levenson, "Ultra-fast nonlinear response around 1.5 µm in 2D AlGaAs/AlOx photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. B 81, 333-336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Symonds, J. Dion, I. Sagnes, M. Dainese, M. Strassner, L. Leroy and J.-L. Oudar, "High performance 1.55 µm vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with broadband integrated dielectric-metal mirror," Electron. Lett. 40, 734-735 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sakamoto, S.

Samara-Rubio, D.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, "A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor," Nature 427, 615-618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scherer, A.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schilling, J.

S. W. Leonard, H. M. van Driel, J. Schilling and R. B. Wehrspohn, "Ultrafast band-edge tuning of a two-dimensional silicon photonic crystal via free-carrier injection," Phys. Rev. B 66, 161102 (R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B. S.

Seassal, C.

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch L. Di Cioccio and J. M. Fedeli, "All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Rojo-Romeo, J. L. Leclercq, P. Viktorovitch M. Zussy, L. di Cioccio, L. El Melhaoui and J.-M. Fedeli, "Coupling analysis of heterogeneous integrated InP based photonic crystal triangular lattice band-edge lasers and silicon waveguides," Opt. Express 13, 3310-3322 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, C. Cojocaru, A. M. Yacomotti, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, R. Raj, and A. Levenson, "Optical amplification in two-dimensional photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 091111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, A. M. Yacomotti, C. Seassal, P. Viktorovitch, R. Raj and A. Levenson, "Doubly resonant photonic crystal for efficient laser operation: Pumping and lasing at low group velocity photonic modes", Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 011116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, R. Raj, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, "Ultrafast dynamics of the third-order nonlinear response in a two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1880-1882 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shinya, A.

Skolnick, M. S.

Strassner, M.

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, I. Sagnes, M. Strassner, L. Le Gratiet, R. Raj and A. Levenson, "Ultra-fast nonlinear response around 1.5 µm in 2D AlGaAs/AlOx photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. B 81, 333-336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Symonds, J. Dion, I. Sagnes, M. Dainese, M. Strassner, L. Leroy and J.-L. Oudar, "High performance 1.55 µm vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with broadband integrated dielectric-metal mirror," Electron. Lett. 40, 734-735 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, Y.

Symonds, C.

C. Symonds, J. Dion, I. Sagnes, M. Dainese, M. Strassner, L. Leroy and J.-L. Oudar, "High performance 1.55 µm vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with broadband integrated dielectric-metal mirror," Electron. Lett. 40, 734-735 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tahraoui, A.

Tan, H. H.

L.V. Dao, M. Gal, C. Carmody, H. H. Tan and C. Jagadish, "A comparison of impurity-free and ion-implantation-induced intermixing of InGaAs/InP quantum wells," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5252-5254 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tanabe, T.

Tanaka, Y.

Toulouse, J.

van Driel, H. M.

S. W. Leonard, H. M. van Driel, J. Schilling and R. B. Wehrspohn, "Ultrafast band-edge tuning of a two-dimensional silicon photonic crystal via free-carrier injection," Phys. Rev. B 66, 161102 (R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

Van Thourhout, D.

Vecchi, G.

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch L. Di Cioccio and J. M. Fedeli, "All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, I. Sagnes, M. Strassner, L. Le Gratiet, R. Raj and A. Levenson, "Ultra-fast nonlinear response around 1.5 µm in 2D AlGaAs/AlOx photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. B 81, 333-336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, A. M. Yacomotti, C. Seassal, P. Viktorovitch, R. Raj and A. Levenson, "Doubly resonant photonic crystal for efficient laser operation: Pumping and lasing at low group velocity photonic modes", Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 011116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, C. Cojocaru, A. M. Yacomotti, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, R. Raj, and A. Levenson, "Optical amplification in two-dimensional photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 091111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Viktorovitch, P.

F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, A. M. Yacomotti, C. Seassal, P. Viktorovitch, R. Raj and A. Levenson, "Doubly resonant photonic crystal for efficient laser operation: Pumping and lasing at low group velocity photonic modes", Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 011116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, C. Cojocaru, A. M. Yacomotti, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, R. Raj, and A. Levenson, "Optical amplification in two-dimensional photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 091111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, R. Raj, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, "Ultrafast dynamics of the third-order nonlinear response in a two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1880-1882 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, Y.

Wehrspohn, R. B.

S. W. Leonard, H. M. van Driel, J. Schilling and R. B. Wehrspohn, "Ultrafast band-edge tuning of a two-dimensional silicon photonic crystal via free-carrier injection," Phys. Rev. B 66, 161102 (R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wells, J.-P. R.

Whittaker, D. M.

Worchesky, T. L.

Xu, Q.

Yacomotti, A. M.

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch L. Di Cioccio and J. M. Fedeli, "All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, I. Sagnes, M. Strassner, L. Le Gratiet, R. Raj and A. Levenson, "Ultra-fast nonlinear response around 1.5 µm in 2D AlGaAs/AlOx photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. B 81, 333-336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, C. Cojocaru, A. M. Yacomotti, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, R. Raj, and A. Levenson, "Optical amplification in two-dimensional photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 091111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, A. M. Yacomotti, C. Seassal, P. Viktorovitch, R. Raj and A. Levenson, "Doubly resonant photonic crystal for efficient laser operation: Pumping and lasing at low group velocity photonic modes", Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 011116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, I. Sagnes, M. Strassner, L. Le Gratiet, R. Raj and A. Levenson, "Ultra-fast nonlinear response around 1.5 µm in 2D AlGaAs/AlOx photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. B 81, 333-336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

A. M. Yacomotti, F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, P. Monnier, R. Raj, A. Levenson, B. Ben Bakir, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch L. Di Cioccio and J. M. Fedeli, "All-optical bistable band-edge Bloch modes in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 231107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, A. M. Yacomotti, C. Seassal, P. Viktorovitch, R. Raj and A. Levenson, "Doubly resonant photonic crystal for efficient laser operation: Pumping and lasing at low group velocity photonic modes", Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 011116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, C. Cojocaru, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, R. Raj, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, "Ultrafast dynamics of the third-order nonlinear response in a two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1880-1882 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, G. Vecchi, C. Cojocaru, A. M. Yacomotti, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, R. Raj, and A. Levenson, "Optical amplification in two-dimensional photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 091111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

C. Symonds, J. Dion, I. Sagnes, M. Dainese, M. Strassner, L. Leroy and J.-L. Oudar, "High performance 1.55 µm vertical external cavity surface emitting laser with broadband integrated dielectric-metal mirror," Electron. Lett. 40, 734-735 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

L.V. Dao, M. Gal, C. Carmody, H. H. Tan and C. Jagadish, "A comparison of impurity-free and ion-implantation-induced intermixing of InGaAs/InP quantum wells," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5252-5254 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, "A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor," Nature 427, 615-618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

S. W. Leonard, H. M. van Driel, J. Schilling and R. B. Wehrspohn, "Ultrafast band-edge tuning of a two-dimensional silicon photonic crystal via free-carrier injection," Phys. Rev. B 66, 161102 (R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O'Brien, P. D. Dapkus and I. Kim, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284, 1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

G. T. Reed and A. P. Knights, Silicon Photonics: An Introduction (Wiley, 2004).
[CrossRef]

P. N. Butcher and D. Cotter, The elements of nonlinear optics (Cambridge University Press, 1990).

K. Wakita, Semiconductor Optical Modulators (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1998).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a). photoluminescence spectrum of InGaAs QWs (b) layout of the hetero-structure (c) Scanning electron micrograph of the graphite PhC.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a). reflected probe signals (not normalized) versus pump fluence at 810nm. The bold black curve corresponds to the case where the pump is off. The inset shows the reflected spectrum from a reference gold mirror. (b) Differential reflectivity for different values of pump fluence. The dotted line at 1524 nm indicates where contrast ratio is maximum. Both (a) and (b) refers to the same sample zone, labeled as C.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Differential reflectivity measured from zone C at 1524 nm, as a function of pump fluence.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Dynamic response of the reflectivity for pump fluence of 11 μJ/cm2. The origin of the time axis is set at the maximum change of reflectivity.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Differential reflectivity from the four samples in the case of pump fluence equal to 15 μJ/cm2. The inset shows the 25 μm × 25 μm A, B, C, D adjacent zones of the sample.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Comparison among several optical studies of 2D PhC structures. The row in bold corresponds to the present work.

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