Abstract

We demonstrated the intensity enhancement of a single high-order harmonic at a wavelength of 37.67 nm using the lowly ionized antimony laser-ablation plume. The conversion efficiency of this harmonic was 2.5×10-5 and the output energy was 0.3 μJ. Such an enhancement of single-harmonic was caused by the multiphoton resonance with the strong radiative transition of the Sb II ions. The cutoff energy of the harmonics generated in Sb plasma was 86 eV (55th harmonic).

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. L. Krause, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, "High-order harmonic generation from atoms and ions in the high intensity regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3535 (1992),
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong-field mutiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, G. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, C. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. Niikura, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Mapping Attosecond Electron Wave Packet Motion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 083003 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Nabekawa, H. Hasegawa, E. J. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, "Production of doubly charged helium ions by two-photon absorption of an intense sub-10fssoft x-ray pulse at 42 eV Photon Energy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 043001 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, A. M. Mullhisen, E. R. Grant X. Yang, V. M. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, "Ultrafast time-resolved soft x-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy of dissociating Br2," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 193002 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. Dombi, F. Krausz, and G. Farkas, "Ultrafast dynamics and carrier-envelop phase sensitivity of mutiphoton photoemission from metal surface," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 163 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, "Generation of 10 μJ coherent extreme-ultraviolet light by use of high-order harmonics," Opt. Lett. 27, 1920 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, "Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an Orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. E. S. Toma, Ph. Antoine, A de. Bohan, and H. G. Huller, "Resonance-enhanced high-harmonic generation," J. Phys. B 32, 5843 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, "High-order harmonic generation from boron plasma in the extreme-ultraviolet range," Opt. Lett. 30, 768 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, "Strong resonance enhancement of single harmonic generated in the extreme ultraviolet range," Opt. Lett. 31, 1699 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Suzuki, M. Baba, R. A. Ganeev, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, "Anomalous enhancement of a single high-order harmonic by using a laser-ablation tin plume at 47 nm," Opt. Lett. 31, 3306 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Single harmonic enhancement by controlling the chirp of the driving laser pulse during high-order harmonic generation from GaAs plasma," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, in press.
  16. R. A. Ganeev, P. A. Naik, H. Singhal, J. A. Chakera, and P. D. Gupta, "Strong enhancement and extinction of single harmonic intensity in the mid- and end-plateau regions of the high harmonics generated in weakly-excited laser plasmas," to be published in Optics Letters.
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    [CrossRef]
  18. R. D’Arcy, J. T. Costello, C. McGuinnes, and G. O’Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of antimony and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 4859 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, "Enhanced High-Harmonic Generation Using 25 fs Laser Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. H. T. Kim, I. J. Kim, D. G. Lee, K.-H. Hong, Y. S. Lee, V. Tosa, and C. H. Nam, "Optimization of high-order harmonic brightness in the space domains," Phys. Rev. A 69, 031805(R) (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2005 (6)

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, "High-order harmonic generation from boron plasma in the extreme-ultraviolet range," Opt. Lett. 30, 768 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, "High-order harmonic generation from silver plasma," Phys. Lett. A 339, 103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, "Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an Orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, G. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, C. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Niikura, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Mapping Attosecond Electron Wave Packet Motion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Nabekawa, H. Hasegawa, E. J. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, "Production of doubly charged helium ions by two-photon absorption of an intense sub-10fssoft x-ray pulse at 42 eV Photon Energy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 043001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, A. M. Mullhisen, E. R. Grant X. Yang, V. M. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, "Ultrafast time-resolved soft x-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy of dissociating Br2," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 193002 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

E. S. Toma, Ph. Antoine, A de. Bohan, and H. G. Huller, "Resonance-enhanced high-harmonic generation," J. Phys. B 32, 5843 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. D’Arcy, J. T. Costello, C. McGuinnes, and G. O’Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of antimony and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 4859 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, "Enhanced High-Harmonic Generation Using 25 fs Laser Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong-field mutiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

J. L. Krause, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, "High-order harmonic generation from atoms and ions in the high intensity regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3535 (1992),
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Antoine, Ph.

E. S. Toma, Ph. Antoine, A de. Bohan, and H. G. Huller, "Resonance-enhanced high-harmonic generation," J. Phys. B 32, 5843 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Arora, V.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Single harmonic enhancement by controlling the chirp of the driving laser pulse during high-order harmonic generation from GaAs plasma," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, in press.

Baba, M.

Backus, S.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chakera, J. A.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Single harmonic enhancement by controlling the chirp of the driving laser pulse during high-order harmonic generation from GaAs plasma," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, in press.

Chakravarty, U.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Single harmonic enhancement by controlling the chirp of the driving laser pulse during high-order harmonic generation from GaAs plasma," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, in press.

Chang, Z.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cho, D. J.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, "Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an Orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Christov, I. P.

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, "Enhanced High-Harmonic Generation Using 25 fs Laser Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

H. Niikura, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Mapping Attosecond Electron Wave Packet Motion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong-field mutiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Costello, J. T.

R. D’Arcy, J. T. Costello, C. McGuinnes, and G. O’Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of antimony and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 4859 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D’Arcy, R.

R. D’Arcy, J. T. Costello, C. McGuinnes, and G. O’Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of antimony and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 4859 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dombi, P.

P. Dombi, F. Krausz, and G. Farkas, "Ultrafast dynamics and carrier-envelop phase sensitivity of mutiphoton photoemission from metal surface," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 163 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Durfee, C. G.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Farkas, G.

P. Dombi, F. Krausz, and G. Farkas, "Ultrafast dynamics and carrier-envelop phase sensitivity of mutiphoton photoemission from metal surface," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 163 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ganeev, R. A.

M. Suzuki, M. Baba, R. A. Ganeev, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, "Anomalous enhancement of a single high-order harmonic by using a laser-ablation tin plume at 47 nm," Opt. Lett. 31, 3306 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, "Strong resonance enhancement of single harmonic generated in the extreme ultraviolet range," Opt. Lett. 31, 1699 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Suzuki, M. Baba, H. Kuroda, and T. Ozaki, "High-order harmonic generation from boron plasma in the extreme-ultraviolet range," Opt. Lett. 30, 768 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, "High-order harmonic generation from silver plasma," Phys. Lett. A 339, 103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Single harmonic enhancement by controlling the chirp of the driving laser pulse during high-order harmonic generation from GaAs plasma," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, in press.

Gupta, P. D.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Single harmonic enhancement by controlling the chirp of the driving laser pulse during high-order harmonic generation from GaAs plasma," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, in press.

Hasegawa, H.

Y. Nabekawa, H. Hasegawa, E. J. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, "Production of doubly charged helium ions by two-photon absorption of an intense sub-10fssoft x-ray pulse at 42 eV Photon Energy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 043001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herne, C.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, "Enhanced High-Harmonic Generation Using 25 fs Laser Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khan, R. A.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Single harmonic enhancement by controlling the chirp of the driving laser pulse during high-order harmonic generation from GaAs plasma," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, in press.

Kim, C. M.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, "Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an Orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. T.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, "Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an Orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, I. J.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, "Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an Orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Krause, J. L.

J. L. Krause, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, "High-order harmonic generation from atoms and ions in the high intensity regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3535 (1992),
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

P. Dombi, F. Krausz, and G. Farkas, "Ultrafast dynamics and carrier-envelop phase sensitivity of mutiphoton photoemission from metal surface," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 163 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, G. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, C. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kulander, K. C.

J. L. Krause, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, "High-order harmonic generation from atoms and ions in the high intensity regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3535 (1992),
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuroda, H.

Lee, G. H.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, "Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an Orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. S.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, "Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an Orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McGuinnes, C.

R. D’Arcy, J. T. Costello, C. McGuinnes, and G. O’Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of antimony and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 4859 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Midorikawa, K.

Y. Nabekawa, H. Hasegawa, E. J. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, "Production of doubly charged helium ions by two-photon absorption of an intense sub-10fssoft x-ray pulse at 42 eV Photon Energy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 043001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, "Generation of 10 μJ coherent extreme-ultraviolet light by use of high-order harmonics," Opt. Lett. 27, 1920 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mullhisen, A. M.

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, A. M. Mullhisen, E. R. Grant X. Yang, V. M. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, "Ultrafast time-resolved soft x-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy of dissociating Br2," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 193002 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, "Enhanced High-Harmonic Generation Using 25 fs Laser Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nabekawa, Y.

Y. Nabekawa, H. Hasegawa, E. J. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, "Production of doubly charged helium ions by two-photon absorption of an intense sub-10fssoft x-ray pulse at 42 eV Photon Energy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 043001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Takahashi, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, "Generation of 10 μJ coherent extreme-ultraviolet light by use of high-order harmonics," Opt. Lett. 27, 1920 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Naik, P. A.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Single harmonic enhancement by controlling the chirp of the driving laser pulse during high-order harmonic generation from GaAs plasma," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, in press.

Nam, C. H.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, "Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an Orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Niikura, H.

H. Niikura, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Mapping Attosecond Electron Wave Packet Motion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nugent-Glandorf, L.

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, A. M. Mullhisen, E. R. Grant X. Yang, V. M. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, "Ultrafast time-resolved soft x-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy of dissociating Br2," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 193002 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O’Sullivan, G.

R. D’Arcy, J. T. Costello, C. McGuinnes, and G. O’Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of antimony and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 4859 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ozaki, T.

Park, J. Y.

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, "Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an Orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Peatross, J.

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, "Enhanced High-Harmonic Generation Using 25 fs Laser Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raghuramaiah, M.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Single harmonic enhancement by controlling the chirp of the driving laser pulse during high-order harmonic generation from GaAs plasma," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, in press.

Redkin, P. V.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Single harmonic enhancement by controlling the chirp of the driving laser pulse during high-order harmonic generation from GaAs plasma," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, in press.

Rundquist, A.

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Samuels, D. A.

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, A. M. Mullhisen, E. R. Grant X. Yang, V. M. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, "Ultrafast time-resolved soft x-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy of dissociating Br2," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 193002 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schafer, K. J.

J. L. Krause, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, "High-order harmonic generation from atoms and ions in the high intensity regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3535 (1992),
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scheer, M.

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, A. M. Mullhisen, E. R. Grant X. Yang, V. M. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, "Ultrafast time-resolved soft x-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy of dissociating Br2," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 193002 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scrinzi, C.

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, G. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, C. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seres, E.

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, G. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, C. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seres, J.

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, G. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, C. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Singhal, H.

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Single harmonic enhancement by controlling the chirp of the driving laser pulse during high-order harmonic generation from GaAs plasma," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, in press.

Spielmann, C.

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, G. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, C. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Streli, G.

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, G. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, C. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suzuki, M.

Takahashi, E.

Takahashi, E. J.

Y. Nabekawa, H. Hasegawa, E. J. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, "Production of doubly charged helium ions by two-photon absorption of an intense sub-10fssoft x-ray pulse at 42 eV Photon Energy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 043001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tempea, G.

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, G. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, C. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toma, E. S.

E. S. Toma, Ph. Antoine, A de. Bohan, and H. G. Huller, "Resonance-enhanced high-harmonic generation," J. Phys. B 32, 5843 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Verhoef, A. J.

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, G. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, C. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villeneuve, D. M.

H. Niikura, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Mapping Attosecond Electron Wave Packet Motion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wobrauschek, P.

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, G. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, C. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V.

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, G. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, C. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, J.

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, "Enhanced High-Harmonic Generation Using 25 fs Laser Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

P. Dombi, F. Krausz, and G. Farkas, "Ultrafast dynamics and carrier-envelop phase sensitivity of mutiphoton photoemission from metal surface," J. Mod. Opt. 53, 163 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

R. A. Ganeev, H. Singhal, P. A. Naik, V. Arora, U. Chakravarty, J. A. Chakera, R. A. Khan, P. V. Redkin, M. Raghuramaiah, and P. D. Gupta, "Single harmonic enhancement by controlling the chirp of the driving laser pulse during high-order harmonic generation from GaAs plasma," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, in press.

J. Phys. B (2)

E. S. Toma, Ph. Antoine, A de. Bohan, and H. G. Huller, "Resonance-enhanced high-harmonic generation," J. Phys. B 32, 5843 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. D’Arcy, J. T. Costello, C. McGuinnes, and G. O’Sullivan, "Discrete structure in the 4d photoabsorption spectrum of antimony and its ions," J. Phys. B 32, 4859 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, G. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, C. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, "High-order harmonic generation from silver plasma," Phys. Lett. A 339, 103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

H. Niikura, D. M. Villeneuve, and P. B. Corkum, "Mapping Attosecond Electron Wave Packet Motion," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Nabekawa, H. Hasegawa, E. J. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, "Production of doubly charged helium ions by two-photon absorption of an intense sub-10fssoft x-ray pulse at 42 eV Photon Energy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 043001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Nugent-Glandorf, M. Scheer, D. A. Samuels, A. M. Mullhisen, E. R. Grant X. Yang, V. M. Bierbaum, and S. R. Leone, "Ultrafast time-resolved soft x-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy of dissociating Br2," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 193002 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. J. Kim, C. M. Kim, H. T. Kim, G. H. Lee, Y. S. Lee, J. Y. Park, D. J. Cho, and C. H. Nam, "Highly efficient high-harmonic generation in an Orthogonally polarized two-color laser field," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 243901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Krause, K. J. Schafer, and K. C. Kulander, "High-order harmonic generation from atoms and ions in the high intensity regime," Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3535 (1992),
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, "Plasma perspective on strong-field mutiphoton ionization," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, J. Peatross, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and I. P. Christov, "Enhanced High-Harmonic Generation Using 25 fs Laser Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 752 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

A. Rundquist, C. G. Durfee, Z. Chang, C. Herne, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase-matched generation of coherent soft x-rays," Science 280, 1412 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

R. A. Ganeev, P. A. Naik, H. Singhal, J. A. Chakera, and P. D. Gupta, "Strong enhancement and extinction of single harmonic intensity in the mid- and end-plateau regions of the high harmonics generated in weakly-excited laser plasmas," to be published in Optics Letters.

H. T. Kim, I. J. Kim, D. G. Lee, K.-H. Hong, Y. S. Lee, V. Tosa, and C. H. Nam, "Optimization of high-order harmonic brightness in the space domains," Phys. Rev. A 69, 031805(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup for HHG from the laser-ablation plume. First the prepulse was focused on the target surface. Then the main femtosecond pulse was focused into the preplasma that was produced by prepulse. Delay between prepulse and main pulse is 100 ns. The generated high-order harmonic was measured by grazing incidence spectrometer and detected by MCP coupled with CCD camera.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

HHG spectra from the laser-ablation antimony and silver plumes were obtained. The red and blue lines are the harmonics from the antimony and silver plumes, respectively. The spectrum of the HHG from antimony at the wavelength range of 10-30 nm was accumulated using 100 shots. The HHG from the silver plume was accumulated using 10 shots. The curves are shifted vertically to avoid overlap for visual clarity.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

HHG spectrum at the wavelength range of 33-65 nm from the laser-ablation antimony plume. This spectrum was accumulated during 10 shots. The intensity of 21st harmonic was measured to be 20 times higher than those of the 23rd and 19th harmonics.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Intensities of the 21st (red solid circles), 23rd (green solid squares), and 19th (orange solid triangles) harmonics as functions of the pump laser wavelength.

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