Abstract

Light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture in a silver film is examined with a novel input configuration comprising an annular laser beam of variable diameter that is prism-coupled to the back face of the silver. Transmission peaks driven by excitation of the back-face surface plasmon mode or by the aperture resonance itself are separately observed. For both cases, comparison of films with and without a front-face, circular grating implies significantly more efficient coupling from the aperture fields to the front-face surface plasmon than directly to free radiation.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  5. C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, "Light in tiny holes," Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
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  6. C. Sönnichsen, A. C. Duch, G. Steininger, M. Koch, G. von Plessen and J. Feldmann, "Launching surface plasmons into nanoholes in metal films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 140-142 (2000).
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  8. L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S.-H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown and C. W. Kimball, "Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
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    [CrossRef]
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  12. A. Degiron and T. W. Ebbesen, "Analysis of the transmission process through single apertures surrounded by periodic corrugations," Opt. Express 12, 3694 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
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  15. J. Zhang, C. W. See, M. G. Somekh, M. C. Pitter and S. G. Liu, "Wide-field surface plasmon microscopy with solid immersion lens," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5451 (2004).
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  20. F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, E. Moreno, L. K. S. Kumar and R. Gordon, "Transmission of light through a single rectangular hole in a real metal," Phys. Rev. B 74, 153411-1-4 (2006).
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  21. K. J. Webb and J. Li, "Analysis of transmission through small apertures in conducting films," Phys. Rev. B 73, 033401-1-4 (2006).
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  22. A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Effects of hole depth on enhanced light transmission through subwavelength apertures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4327-4329 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  23. L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. J. Kim, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, P. A. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, "Evanescently coupled resonance in surface plasmon enhanced transmission," Opt. Commun. 200, 1-7 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (4)

A. Degiron and T. W. Ebbesen, "Analysis of the transmission process through single apertures surrounded by periodic corrugations," Opt. Express 12, 3694 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, C. W. See, M. G. Somekh, M. C. Pitter and S. G. Liu, "Wide-field surface plasmon microscopy with solid immersion lens," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5451 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S.-H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown and C. W. Kimball, "Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Degiron, H.J. Lezec, N. Yamamoto, and T.W. Ebbesen, "Optical transmission properties of a single subwavelength aperture in a real metal," Opt. Commun. 239, 61-66 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

T. Thio, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, K. M. Pellerin, G. D. Lewen, A. Nahata, and R. A. Linke, "Giant optical transmission of sub-wavelength apertures: physics and applications," Nanotechnology 13, 429-432 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Effects of hole depth on enhanced light transmission through subwavelength apertures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4327-4329 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Garcia de Abajo, "Light transmission through a single cylindrical hole in a metallic film," Opt. Express 10, 1475-1484 (2002).
[PubMed]

2001 (3)

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. J. Kim, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, P. A. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, "Evanescently coupled resonance in surface plasmon enhanced transmission," Opt. Commun. 200, 1-7 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture," Opt. Lett. 26, 1972-1974 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

C. Sönnichsen, A. C. Duch, G. Steininger, M. Koch, G. von Plessen and J. Feldmann, "Launching surface plasmons into nanoholes in metal films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 140-142 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

A. Otto, "Excitation of non-radiative surface plasma waves in silver by the method of frustrated total reflection," Z. Phys. 216, 398 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1950 (1)

C. J. Bouwkamp, "On Bethe’s Theory of Diffraction by Small Holes," Philips Res. Rep. 5, 321-332 (1950).

1944 (1)

H. A. Bethe, "Theory of diffraction by small holes," Phys, Rev. 66, 163-182 (1944).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Effects of hole depth on enhanced light transmission through subwavelength apertures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4327-4329 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bethe, H. A.

H. A. Bethe, "Theory of diffraction by small holes," Phys, Rev. 66, 163-182 (1944).
[CrossRef]

Bouwkamp, C. J.

C. J. Bouwkamp, "On Bethe’s Theory of Diffraction by Small Holes," Philips Res. Rep. 5, 321-332 (1950).

Brolo, A.

Brown, D. B.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S.-H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown and C. W. Kimball, "Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chang, S.-H.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S.-H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown and C. W. Kimball, "Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Degiron, A.

A. Degiron, H.J. Lezec, N. Yamamoto, and T.W. Ebbesen, "Optical transmission properties of a single subwavelength aperture in a real metal," Opt. Commun. 239, 61-66 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Degiron and T. W. Ebbesen, "Analysis of the transmission process through single apertures surrounded by periodic corrugations," Opt. Express 12, 3694 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Effects of hole depth on enhanced light transmission through subwavelength apertures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4327-4329 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, E.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duch, A. C.

C. Sönnichsen, A. C. Duch, G. Steininger, M. Koch, G. von Plessen and J. Feldmann, "Launching surface plasmons into nanoholes in metal films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 140-142 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, "Light in tiny holes," Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Degiron and T. W. Ebbesen, "Analysis of the transmission process through single apertures surrounded by periodic corrugations," Opt. Express 12, 3694 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Effects of hole depth on enhanced light transmission through subwavelength apertures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4327-4329 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Thio, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, K. M. Pellerin, G. D. Lewen, A. Nahata, and R. A. Linke, "Giant optical transmission of sub-wavelength apertures: physics and applications," Nanotechnology 13, 429-432 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture," Opt. Lett. 26, 1972-1974 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. J. Kim, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, P. A. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, "Evanescently coupled resonance in surface plasmon enhanced transmission," Opt. Commun. 200, 1-7 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T.W.

A. Degiron, H.J. Lezec, N. Yamamoto, and T.W. Ebbesen, "Optical transmission properties of a single subwavelength aperture in a real metal," Opt. Commun. 239, 61-66 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Feldmann, J.

C. Sönnichsen, A. C. Duch, G. Steininger, M. Koch, G. von Plessen and J. Feldmann, "Launching surface plasmons into nanoholes in metal films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 140-142 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Garcia de Abajo, F. J.

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, E. Moreno, L. K. S. Kumar and R. Gordon, "Transmission of light through a single rectangular hole in a real metal," Phys. Rev. B 74, 153411-1-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

García-Vidal, F. J.

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. J. Kim, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, P. A. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, "Evanescently coupled resonance in surface plasmon enhanced transmission," Opt. Commun. 200, 1-7 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Genet, C.

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, "Light in tiny holes," Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, R.

R. Gordon and A. Brolo, "Increased cut-off wavelength for a subwavelength hole in a real metal," Opt. Express 13, 1933-1938 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, E. Moreno, L. K. S. Kumar and R. Gordon, "Transmission of light through a single rectangular hole in a real metal," Phys. Rev. B 74, 153411-1-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gray, S. K.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S.-H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown and C. W. Kimball, "Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Israel, A.

Kim, T. J.

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. J. Kim, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, P. A. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, "Evanescently coupled resonance in surface plasmon enhanced transmission," Opt. Commun. 200, 1-7 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kimball, C. W.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S.-H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown and C. W. Kimball, "Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Koch, M.

C. Sönnichsen, A. C. Duch, G. Steininger, M. Koch, G. von Plessen and J. Feldmann, "Launching surface plasmons into nanoholes in metal films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 140-142 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Krishnan, A.

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. J. Kim, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, P. A. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, "Evanescently coupled resonance in surface plasmon enhanced transmission," Opt. Commun. 200, 1-7 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, L. K. S.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, E. Moreno, L. K. S. Kumar and R. Gordon, "Transmission of light through a single rectangular hole in a real metal," Phys. Rev. B 74, 153411-1-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lewen, G. D.

T. Thio, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, K. M. Pellerin, G. D. Lewen, A. Nahata, and R. A. Linke, "Giant optical transmission of sub-wavelength apertures: physics and applications," Nanotechnology 13, 429-432 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lewis, A.

Lezec, H. J.

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Effects of hole depth on enhanced light transmission through subwavelength apertures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4327-4329 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Thio, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, K. M. Pellerin, G. D. Lewen, A. Nahata, and R. A. Linke, "Giant optical transmission of sub-wavelength apertures: physics and applications," Nanotechnology 13, 429-432 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture," Opt. Lett. 26, 1972-1974 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. J. Kim, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, P. A. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, "Evanescently coupled resonance in surface plasmon enhanced transmission," Opt. Commun. 200, 1-7 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H.J.

A. Degiron, H.J. Lezec, N. Yamamoto, and T.W. Ebbesen, "Optical transmission properties of a single subwavelength aperture in a real metal," Opt. Commun. 239, 61-66 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

K. J. Webb and J. Li, "Analysis of transmission through small apertures in conducting films," Phys. Rev. B 73, 033401-1-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Linke, R. A.

T. Thio, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, K. M. Pellerin, G. D. Lewen, A. Nahata, and R. A. Linke, "Giant optical transmission of sub-wavelength apertures: physics and applications," Nanotechnology 13, 429-432 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture," Opt. Lett. 26, 1972-1974 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S.

Liu, S. G.

J. Zhang, C. W. See, M. G. Somekh, M. C. Pitter and S. G. Liu, "Wide-field surface plasmon microscopy with solid immersion lens," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5451 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Martin-Moreno, L.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, E. Moreno, L. K. S. Kumar and R. Gordon, "Transmission of light through a single rectangular hole in a real metal," Phys. Rev. B 74, 153411-1-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Martín-Moreno, L.

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. J. Kim, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, P. A. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, "Evanescently coupled resonance in surface plasmon enhanced transmission," Opt. Commun. 200, 1-7 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Moreno, E.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, E. Moreno, L. K. S. Kumar and R. Gordon, "Transmission of light through a single rectangular hole in a real metal," Phys. Rev. B 74, 153411-1-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mrejen, M.

Nahata, A.

T. Thio, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, K. M. Pellerin, G. D. Lewen, A. Nahata, and R. A. Linke, "Giant optical transmission of sub-wavelength apertures: physics and applications," Nanotechnology 13, 429-432 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Otto, A.

A. Otto, "Excitation of non-radiative surface plasma waves in silver by the method of frustrated total reflection," Z. Phys. 216, 398 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Palchan, M.

Pearson, J.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S.-H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown and C. W. Kimball, "Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pellerin, K. M.

T. Thio, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, K. M. Pellerin, G. D. Lewen, A. Nahata, and R. A. Linke, "Giant optical transmission of sub-wavelength apertures: physics and applications," Nanotechnology 13, 429-432 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture," Opt. Lett. 26, 1972-1974 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pendry, J.

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. J. Kim, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, P. A. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, "Evanescently coupled resonance in surface plasmon enhanced transmission," Opt. Commun. 200, 1-7 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pitter, M. C.

J. Zhang, M. C. Pitter, S. Liu, C. See and M. G. Somekh, "Surface-plasmon microscopy with a two-piece solid immersion lens: bright and dark fields," Appl. Opt. 45, 7977 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, C. W. See, M. G. Somekh, M. C. Pitter and S. G. Liu, "Wide-field surface plasmon microscopy with solid immersion lens," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5451 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rydh, A.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S.-H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown and C. W. Kimball, "Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schatz, G. C.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S.-H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown and C. W. Kimball, "Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

See, C.

See, C. W.

J. Zhang, C. W. See, M. G. Somekh, M. C. Pitter and S. G. Liu, "Wide-field surface plasmon microscopy with solid immersion lens," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5451 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Somekh, M. G.

J. Zhang, M. C. Pitter, S. Liu, C. See and M. G. Somekh, "Surface-plasmon microscopy with a two-piece solid immersion lens: bright and dark fields," Appl. Opt. 45, 7977 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, C. W. See, M. G. Somekh, M. C. Pitter and S. G. Liu, "Wide-field surface plasmon microscopy with solid immersion lens," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5451 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sönnichsen, C.

C. Sönnichsen, A. C. Duch, G. Steininger, M. Koch, G. von Plessen and J. Feldmann, "Launching surface plasmons into nanoholes in metal films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 140-142 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Steininger, G.

C. Sönnichsen, A. C. Duch, G. Steininger, M. Koch, G. von Plessen and J. Feldmann, "Launching surface plasmons into nanoholes in metal films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 140-142 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Taha, H.

Thio, T.

T. Thio, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, K. M. Pellerin, G. D. Lewen, A. Nahata, and R. A. Linke, "Giant optical transmission of sub-wavelength apertures: physics and applications," Nanotechnology 13, 429-432 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, R. A. Linke, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture," Opt. Lett. 26, 1972-1974 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. J. Kim, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, P. A. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, "Evanescently coupled resonance in surface plasmon enhanced transmission," Opt. Commun. 200, 1-7 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vlasko-Vlasov, V. K.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S.-H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown and C. W. Kimball, "Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

von Plessen, G.

C. Sönnichsen, A. C. Duch, G. Steininger, M. Koch, G. von Plessen and J. Feldmann, "Launching surface plasmons into nanoholes in metal films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 140-142 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Webb, K. J.

K. J. Webb and J. Li, "Analysis of transmission through small apertures in conducting films," Phys. Rev. B 73, 033401-1-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Welp, U.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S.-H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown and C. W. Kimball, "Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wolff, P. A.

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. J. Kim, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, P. A. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, "Evanescently coupled resonance in surface plasmon enhanced transmission," Opt. Commun. 200, 1-7 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, N.

A. Degiron, H.J. Lezec, N. Yamamoto, and T.W. Ebbesen, "Optical transmission properties of a single subwavelength aperture in a real metal," Opt. Commun. 239, 61-66 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yin, L.

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S.-H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown and C. W. Kimball, "Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, M. C. Pitter, S. Liu, C. See and M. G. Somekh, "Surface-plasmon microscopy with a two-piece solid immersion lens: bright and dark fields," Appl. Opt. 45, 7977 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, C. W. See, M. G. Somekh, M. C. Pitter and S. G. Liu, "Wide-field surface plasmon microscopy with solid immersion lens," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5451 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

J. Zhang, C. W. See, M. G. Somekh, M. C. Pitter and S. G. Liu, "Wide-field surface plasmon microscopy with solid immersion lens," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5451 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Sönnichsen, A. C. Duch, G. Steininger, M. Koch, G. von Plessen and J. Feldmann, "Launching surface plasmons into nanoholes in metal films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 140-142 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Yin, V. K. Vlasko-Vlasov, A. Rydh, J. Pearson, U. Welp, S.-H. Chang, S. K. Gray, G. C. Schatz, D. B. Brown and C. W. Kimball, "Surface plasmons at single nanoholes in Au films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 467-469 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Degiron, H. J. Lezec, W. L. Barnes, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Effects of hole depth on enhanced light transmission through subwavelength apertures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4327-4329 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology (1)

T. Thio, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, K. M. Pellerin, G. D. Lewen, A. Nahata, and R. A. Linke, "Giant optical transmission of sub-wavelength apertures: physics and applications," Nanotechnology 13, 429-432 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, "Light in tiny holes," Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (2)

A. Degiron, H.J. Lezec, N. Yamamoto, and T.W. Ebbesen, "Optical transmission properties of a single subwavelength aperture in a real metal," Opt. Commun. 239, 61-66 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. J. Kim, H. J. Lezec, T. W. Ebbesen, P. A. Wolff, J. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, "Evanescently coupled resonance in surface plasmon enhanced transmission," Opt. Commun. 200, 1-7 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Philips Res. Rep. (1)

C. J. Bouwkamp, "On Bethe’s Theory of Diffraction by Small Holes," Philips Res. Rep. 5, 321-332 (1950).

Phys, Rev. (1)

H. A. Bethe, "Theory of diffraction by small holes," Phys, Rev. 66, 163-182 (1944).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, H. J. Lezec, K. M. Pellerin, T. Thio, J. B. Pendry and T. W. Ebbesen, "Theory of extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 1114-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture," Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Phys. (1)

A. Otto, "Excitation of non-radiative surface plasma waves in silver by the method of frustrated total reflection," Z. Phys. 216, 398 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

C. J. T. Rea, Modelling surface plasmons on smooth and periodic multi-layers, Ph.D. thesis (1997), Queen’s University of Belfast.

M. A. Paesler and P. J. Moyer, Near field optics: theory, instrumentation and applications (John Wiley & Son, 1996), Chap. 3.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, E. Moreno, L. K. S. Kumar and R. Gordon, "Transmission of light through a single rectangular hole in a real metal," Phys. Rev. B 74, 153411-1-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Webb and J. Li, "Analysis of transmission through small apertures in conducting films," Phys. Rev. B 73, 033401-1-4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of experimental set-up to produce laser beam of annular section which is fed to the sample via a focusing lens pair and a hyper-hemispherical or Weierstrass prism. Inset shows detail of prism coupling arrangement to excite the surface plasmon polariton mode on the Ag/MgF2 interface of the sample.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) FIB image of a Ag sample with central hole and circular, concentric grating pattern. (A 4-ring sample is shown but the samples used in Figs. 4 and 5 had an 8-ring pattern). b) Cross-sectional sketch of fully structured Ag sample with tAg =180 nm; all dimensions are in nm, unless otherwise indicated.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Calculated reflectance of p-polarized light versus internal angle of incidence in the prism for planar system, prism/MgF2/Ag (180 nm thick) for various thicknesses of MgF2. Reflectance of s-polarized light for the case of a 400 nm thick layer of MgF2 is also shown.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Transmitted signal intensity as a function of internal angle of incidence for various sample structures, as shown. Silver film thickness, tAg =180 nm in all cases, hole diameter, d=300 nm, grating period and depth are 600 nm and 90 nm respectively.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Transmitted signal intensity as a function of internal angle of incidence for various sample structures, as shown. Silver film thickness, tAg =350 nm in all cases, hole diameter, d=300 nm, grating period and depth are 600 nm and 90 nm respectively.

Equations (1)

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h o = ( h 2 h 1 ) ln ( I 1 I 2 ) 135 nm

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