Abstract

We have recently shown that fiber dispersion can be manipulated on a sub-millimeter scale, and discussed its importance in production of low-noise supercontinuum generation. In this paper, we report the fabrication of dispersion micromanaged (DMM) holey fibers that have been structurally modified to offer greater environmental stability and have reduced sensitivity towards alignment in input coupling. Our results show that end-sealed devices can be made while retaining key features of the dispersion micromanagement.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Lu and W. H. Knox, "Generation, characterization, and application of broadband coherent, femtosecond visible pulses in dispersion micromanaged holey fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23,1221-1227 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum Generation of Higher-Order Solitons by Fission in Photonic Crystal Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, San Diego, 2001).
  7. N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. I. Cristiani, R. Tediosi, L. Tartara, and V. Degiorgio, "Dispersive wave generation by solitons in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Express 12, 124-135 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. F. Lu and W. H. Knox, "Generation of broadband continuum with high spectral coherence in tapered fibers", Opt. Express 12, 347-353 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. D. Aguirre, N. Nishizawa, J. G. Fujimoto, W. Seitz, M. Lederer, and D. Kopf, "Continuum generation in a novel photonic crystal fiber for ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography at 800 nm and 1300 nm," Opt. Express 14, 1145-1160 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. H. N. Paulsen, K. M. Hilligse, J. Thgersen, S. R. Keiding, J. J. Larsen, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy with a photonic cystal fiber based light source," Opt. Lett. 28, 1123-1125 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. Ma, and W. J. Bock, "Modeling of photonic crystal fibers with air holes sealed at the fiber end and its application to fluorescent light collection efficiency enhancement," Opt. Express 13, 2385-2393 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. E. C. Mägi, H. C. Nguyen, and B. J. Eggleton, "Air-hole collapse and mode transitions in microstructured fiber photonic wires," Opt. Express 13, 453-459 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A. T. Yablon and R. T. Bise, "Low-loss high-strength microstructured fiber fusion splices using GRIN fiber lenses," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 118-120 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  18. B. Bourliaguet, C. Paré, F. Émond, A. Croteau, A. Proulx, and R. Vallée, "Microstructured fiber splicing," Opt. Express 11, 3412-3417 (2003).
    [PubMed]
  19. J. Villatoro, V. P. Minkovich, V. Pruneri, and G. Badeness, "Simple all-microstructured-optical-fiber interferometer built via fusion splicing," Opt. Express 15, 1491-1496 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. L. Xiao, W. Jin, and M. S. Demokan, "Fusion splicing small-core photonic crystal fibers and single-mode fibers by repeated arc discharges," Opt. Lett. 32, 115-117 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. H. Chong, M. K. Rao, Y, Zhu, and Y. P. Shum, "An effective splicing method on photonic crystal fiber using CO2 laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 942-944 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  22. L. Xiao, W. Jin, M. S. Demokan, H. L. Ho, Y. L. Ho, and C. Zhao, "Fabrication of selective injection microstructured optical fiber with a conventional fusion splicer," Opt. Express 13, 9014-9022 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  25. F. Lu and W. H. Knox, "Low noise wavelength conversion of femtosecond pulses with dispersion micro-managed holey fibers," Opt. Express,  13,8172 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. F. Lu, Y. Deng, and W. H. Knox, "Generation of broadband femtosecond visible pulses in dispersion-micromanaged holey fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 1566-1568 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

2006 (3)

2005 (6)

2004 (3)

2003 (6)

J. H. Chong, M. K. Rao, Y, Zhu, and Y. P. Shum, "An effective splicing method on photonic crystal fiber using CO2 laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 942-944 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, B. R. Washburn, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental amplitude noise limitations to supercontinuum spectra generated in a microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 269-277 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. N. Paulsen, K. M. Hilligse, J. Thgersen, S. R. Keiding, J. J. Larsen, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy with a photonic cystal fiber based light source," Opt. Lett. 28, 1123-1125 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Bourliaguet, C. Paré, F. Émond, A. Croteau, A. Proulx, and R. Vallée, "Microstructured fiber splicing," Opt. Express 11, 3412-3417 (2003).
[PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum Generation of Higher-Order Solitons by Fission in Photonic Crystal Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aguirre, A. D.

Akhmediev, N.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Badeness, G.

Biancalana, F.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bise, R. T.

A. T. Yablon and R. T. Bise, "Low-loss high-strength microstructured fiber fusion splices using GRIN fiber lenses," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 118-120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bjarklev, A.

J. Laaegsgard and A. Bjarklev, "Reduction of coupling loss to photonic crystal fibers by controlled hole collapse: a numerical study," Opt. Commun. 237, 431-435 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bock, W. J.

Bourliaguet, B.

Chong, J. H.

J. H. Chong, M. K. Rao, Y, Zhu, and Y. P. Shum, "An effective splicing method on photonic crystal fiber using CO2 laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 942-944 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, B. R. Washburn, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental amplitude noise limitations to supercontinuum spectra generated in a microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 269-277 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Corwin, K. L.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, B. R. Washburn, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental amplitude noise limitations to supercontinuum spectra generated in a microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 269-277 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cristiani, I.

Croteau, A.

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Degiorgio, V.

Demokan, M. S.

Deng, Y.

Diddams, S. A.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, B. R. Washburn, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental amplitude noise limitations to supercontinuum spectra generated in a microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 269-277 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, B. R. Washburn, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental amplitude noise limitations to supercontinuum spectra generated in a microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 269-277 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Efimov, A.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eggleton, B. J.

Émond, F.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herrmann, J.

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum Generation of Higher-Order Solitons by Fission in Photonic Crystal Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hilligse, K. M.

Ho, H. L.

Ho, Y. L.

Husakou, A. V.

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum Generation of Higher-Order Solitons by Fission in Photonic Crystal Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jin, W.

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karlsson, M.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keiding, S. R.

Knight, J. C.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knox, W. H.

Kopf, D.

Laaegsgard, J.

J. Laaegsgard and A. Bjarklev, "Reduction of coupling loss to photonic crystal fibers by controlled hole collapse: a numerical study," Opt. Commun. 237, 431-435 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Larsen, J. J.

Lederer, M.

Lu, F.

Ma, J.

Mägi, E. C.

Minkovich, V. P.

Newbury, N. R.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, B. R. Washburn, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental amplitude noise limitations to supercontinuum spectra generated in a microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 269-277 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, H. C.

Nishizawa, N.

Omenetto, F. G.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paré, C.

Paulsen, H. N.

Proulx, A.

Pruneri, V.

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rao, M. K.

J. H. Chong, M. K. Rao, Y, Zhu, and Y. P. Shum, "An effective splicing method on photonic crystal fiber using CO2 laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 942-944 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Reeves, W. H.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P.

P. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. St. J.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seitz, W.

Skryabin, D. V.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tartara, L.

Taylor, A. J.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tediosi, R.

Thgersen, J.

Vallée, R.

Villatoro, J.

Washburn, B. R.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, B. R. Washburn, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental amplitude noise limitations to supercontinuum spectra generated in a microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 269-277 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Weber, K.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, B. R. Washburn, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental amplitude noise limitations to supercontinuum spectra generated in a microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 269-277 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, B. R. Washburn, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental amplitude noise limitations to supercontinuum spectra generated in a microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 269-277 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiao, L.

Yablon, A. T.

A. T. Yablon and R. T. Bise, "Low-loss high-strength microstructured fiber fusion splices using GRIN fiber lenses," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 118-120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, C.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

K. L. Corwin, N. R. Newbury, J. M. Dudley, S. Coen, S. A. Diddams, B. R. Washburn, K. Weber, and R. S. Windeler, "Fundamental amplitude noise limitations to supercontinuum spectra generated in a microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 269-277 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. H. Chong, M. K. Rao, Y, Zhu, and Y. P. Shum, "An effective splicing method on photonic crystal fiber using CO2 laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 942-944 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

A. T. Yablon and R. T. Bise, "Low-loss high-strength microstructured fiber fusion splices using GRIN fiber lenses," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 118-120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Laaegsgard and A. Bjarklev, "Reduction of coupling loss to photonic crystal fibers by controlled hole collapse: a numerical study," Opt. Commun. 237, 431-435 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (9)

B. Bourliaguet, C. Paré, F. Émond, A. Croteau, A. Proulx, and R. Vallée, "Microstructured fiber splicing," Opt. Express 11, 3412-3417 (2003).
[PubMed]

I. Cristiani, R. Tediosi, L. Tartara, and V. Degiorgio, "Dispersive wave generation by solitons in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Express 12, 124-135 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Lu and W. H. Knox, "Generation of broadband continuum with high spectral coherence in tapered fibers", Opt. Express 12, 347-353 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. C. Mägi, H. C. Nguyen, and B. J. Eggleton, "Air-hole collapse and mode transitions in microstructured fiber photonic wires," Opt. Express 13, 453-459 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ma, and W. J. Bock, "Modeling of photonic crystal fibers with air holes sealed at the fiber end and its application to fluorescent light collection efficiency enhancement," Opt. Express 13, 2385-2393 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Villatoro, V. P. Minkovich, V. Pruneri, and G. Badeness, "Simple all-microstructured-optical-fiber interferometer built via fusion splicing," Opt. Express 15, 1491-1496 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Lu and W. H. Knox, "Low noise wavelength conversion of femtosecond pulses with dispersion micro-managed holey fibers," Opt. Express,  13,8172 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Xiao, W. Jin, M. S. Demokan, H. L. Ho, Y. L. Ho, and C. Zhao, "Fabrication of selective injection microstructured optical fiber with a conventional fusion splicer," Opt. Express 13, 9014-9022 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. Aguirre, N. Nishizawa, J. G. Fujimoto, W. Seitz, M. Lederer, and D. Kopf, "Continuum generation in a novel photonic crystal fiber for ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography at 800 nm and 1300 nm," Opt. Express 14, 1145-1160 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum Generation of Higher-Order Solitons by Fission in Photonic Crystal Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135-1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, San Diego, 2001).

Crystal Fibre A/S, "Application Note: FEMTOWHITE 800," http://www.crystal-fibre.com/support/Femtowhite_application_note.pdf.

P. Pal and W. H. Knox, "Integration of End Sealed Holey Fibers with Dispersion Micromanagement," in Frontiers in Optics (2006), Postdeadline paper PDP-FA5.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic image of (a) an untapered, unsealed HF; (b) an input and output end-sealed untapered HF; (c) an unsealed DMM HF; (d) an input end-sealed DMM, and; (e) an input and output end-sealed DMM.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Comparison of alignment sensitivity for normal-ended HF and end-sealed HF. Inset: Images of the end-facets of the hole-collapsed HF and the normal-ended HF

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a). Output spectrum of the hole-collapsed DMM on a log scale. Inset: Filtered ASR on a linear scale. (b) Output spectrum on a linear scale. Dotted red line indicates the pump.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Broadband noise for the filtered ASR at 550 nm. Inset: picture of the ASR.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a). Physical profile for the DMM generating ASR centered at 550 nm. (b) Microscope images of the hole-collapsed input and the output ends of the DMM

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Continuum spectra from (a) DMM with both ends sealed; (b) DMM with the input end sealed; (c) DMM with unsealed ends; (d) DMM with non-optimized sealing at both ends. Dashed lines indicate the region of the ASR.

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