Abstract

Near surface channel waveguides have been fabricated in Neodymium doped YAG ceramics by using IR femtosecond laser irradiation at the low frequency regime. Single mode guidance has been demonstrated with propagation losses of ~1 dB/cm. Time resolved confocal micro-luminescence experiments have been used to determine the spectroscopic properties of the Nd3+ laser ions in the channel waveguide as well as to elucidate the waveguide formation processes.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, “Writing waveguides in glass with a femtosecond laser.” Opt. Lett. 21, 1729–1731 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. J. W. Chan, T. R. Huser, S. H. Risbud, J. S. Hayden, and D. M. Krol, “Waveguide fabrication in phosphate glasses using femtosecond laser pulses.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2371–2373 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  3. V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Slathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, “Femtosecond-irradiation-induced refractive-index changes and channel waveguiding in bulk Ti3+:Sapphire.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122–1124 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. Siegel, J. M. Fernández-Navarro, A. García-Navarro, V. Díez-Blanco, O. Sanz, J. Solis, F. Vega, and J. Armengol, “Waveguide structures in heavy metal oxide glass written with femtosecond laser pulses above the critical self-focusing threshold.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121109 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  5. R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, M. Marangoni, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, D. Polli, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Femtosecond writing of active optical waveguides with astigmatically shaped beams.” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1559–1567 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  6. C. Méndez, G. A. Torchia, D. Delgado, I. Arias, and L. Roso, Fibres and Optical Passive Components, Proceedings of 2005 IEEE/LEOS Workshop.1462113, 131–134 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. Ròdenas, J. A. Sanz García, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, and F. Agullò-Rueda, “Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in neodymium doped lithium Niobate crystals.” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Highly efficient 2% Nd:yttrium aluminium garnet ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3707–3709 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586–3588 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  10. D. Kracht, M. Frede, R. Wilhelm, and C. Fallnich, ”Comparison of crystalline and ceramic composite Nd:YAG for high power diode end-pumping.” Opt. Express. 13, 6212–6216 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. V. Lupei, A. Lupei, N. Pavel, T. Taira, I. Shoji, and A. Ikesue, “Laser emission under resonant pump in the emitting level of concentrated Nd:YAG ceramics.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 590–592 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  12. J. Lamela, A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, and F. Jaque, “Near-field optical and micro-luminescence investigations of femtosecond laser micro-structured Nd:YAG crystals.” Opt. Express 15, 3285–3290 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. D. Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, and O. Svelto, “Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription With a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator.” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 12, 277–285 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  14. M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, and M. J. Withford, “Study of the influence of femtosecond laser polarization on direct writing of waveguides.” Opt. Express. 14, 13158–13163 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. M. Hughes, W. Yang, and D. Hewak, “Fabrication and characterization of femtosecond laser written waveguides in chalcogenide glass.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131113 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  16. H. Zhang, S. M. Eaton, and P. R. Herman, “Low-loss Type II waveguide writing in fused silica with single picosecond laser pulses.” Opt. Express 14, 4826–4834 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak, and M. Malinowski, “Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminium garnet crystal as a near-infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  18. U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, I. R. Martin, F. Lahoz, and V. Lavin, “High-pressure luminescence in Nd3+-doped MgO:LiNbO3.” High Press. Research. 26, 341–344 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  19. F. J. Manjon, S. Jandl, G. Riou, B. Ferrand, and K. Syassen, “Effects of pressure on crystal-field transitions of Nd-doped YVO4.” Phys. Rev. B. 69, 165121 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  20. S. Juodkasis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced Microexplosion Confined in the Bulk of a Sapphire Crystal: Evidence of Multimegabar Pressures.” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 166101 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  21. J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, C. Méndez, and L Roso, “Saturation of ablation channels micro-machined in fused silica with many femtosecond laser pulses.” Opt. Express. 14, 1329–1328 (2006).
    [Crossref]

2007 (2)

J. Lamela, A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, and F. Jaque, “Near-field optical and micro-luminescence investigations of femtosecond laser micro-structured Nd:YAG crystals.” Opt. Express 15, 3285–3290 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hughes, W. Yang, and D. Hewak, “Fabrication and characterization of femtosecond laser written waveguides in chalcogenide glass.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131113 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (8)

H. Zhang, S. M. Eaton, and P. R. Herman, “Low-loss Type II waveguide writing in fused silica with single picosecond laser pulses.” Opt. Express 14, 4826–4834 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak, and M. Malinowski, “Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminium garnet crystal as a near-infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
[Crossref]

U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, I. R. Martin, F. Lahoz, and V. Lavin, “High-pressure luminescence in Nd3+-doped MgO:LiNbO3.” High Press. Research. 26, 341–344 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. D. Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, and O. Svelto, “Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription With a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator.” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 12, 277–285 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, and M. J. Withford, “Study of the influence of femtosecond laser polarization on direct writing of waveguides.” Opt. Express. 14, 13158–13163 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ròdenas, J. A. Sanz García, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, and F. Agullò-Rueda, “Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in neodymium doped lithium Niobate crystals.” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Juodkasis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced Microexplosion Confined in the Bulk of a Sapphire Crystal: Evidence of Multimegabar Pressures.” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 166101 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, C. Méndez, and L Roso, “Saturation of ablation channels micro-machined in fused silica with many femtosecond laser pulses.” Opt. Express. 14, 1329–1328 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

J. Siegel, J. M. Fernández-Navarro, A. García-Navarro, V. Díez-Blanco, O. Sanz, J. Solis, F. Vega, and J. Armengol, “Waveguide structures in heavy metal oxide glass written with femtosecond laser pulses above the critical self-focusing threshold.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121109 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. Kracht, M. Frede, R. Wilhelm, and C. Fallnich, ”Comparison of crystalline and ceramic composite Nd:YAG for high power diode end-pumping.” Opt. Express. 13, 6212–6216 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

F. J. Manjon, S. Jandl, G. Riou, B. Ferrand, and K. Syassen, “Effects of pressure on crystal-field transitions of Nd-doped YVO4.” Phys. Rev. B. 69, 165121 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Slathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, “Femtosecond-irradiation-induced refractive-index changes and channel waveguiding in bulk Ti3+:Sapphire.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122–1124 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, M. Marangoni, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, D. Polli, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Femtosecond writing of active optical waveguides with astigmatically shaped beams.” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1559–1567 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. W. Chan, T. R. Huser, S. H. Risbud, J. S. Hayden, and D. M. Krol, “Waveguide fabrication in phosphate glasses using femtosecond laser pulses.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2371–2373 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586–3588 (2001).
[Crossref]

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, N. Pavel, T. Taira, I. Shoji, and A. Ikesue, “Laser emission under resonant pump in the emitting level of concentrated Nd:YAG ceramics.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 590–592 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Highly efficient 2% Nd:yttrium aluminium garnet ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3707–3709 (2000).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

Agullò-Rueda, F.

A. Ròdenas, J. A. Sanz García, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, and F. Agullò-Rueda, “Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in neodymium doped lithium Niobate crystals.” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ams, M.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, and M. J. Withford, “Study of the influence of femtosecond laser polarization on direct writing of waveguides.” Opt. Express. 14, 13158–13163 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Apostolopoulos, V.

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Slathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, “Femtosecond-irradiation-induced refractive-index changes and channel waveguiding in bulk Ti3+:Sapphire.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122–1124 (2004).
[Crossref]

Arias, I.

A. Ròdenas, J. A. Sanz García, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, and F. Agullò-Rueda, “Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in neodymium doped lithium Niobate crystals.” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. Méndez, G. A. Torchia, D. Delgado, I. Arias, and L. Roso, Fibres and Optical Passive Components, Proceedings of 2005 IEEE/LEOS Workshop.1462113, 131–134 (2005).
[Crossref]

Armengol, J.

J. Siegel, J. M. Fernández-Navarro, A. García-Navarro, V. Díez-Blanco, O. Sanz, J. Solis, F. Vega, and J. Armengol, “Waveguide structures in heavy metal oxide glass written with femtosecond laser pulses above the critical self-focusing threshold.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121109 (2005).
[Crossref]

Cerullo, G.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. D. Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, and O. Svelto, “Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription With a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator.” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 12, 277–285 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Slathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, “Femtosecond-irradiation-induced refractive-index changes and channel waveguiding in bulk Ti3+:Sapphire.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122–1124 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, M. Marangoni, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, D. Polli, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Femtosecond writing of active optical waveguides with astigmatically shaped beams.” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1559–1567 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chan, J. W.

J. W. Chan, T. R. Huser, S. H. Risbud, J. S. Hayden, and D. M. Krol, “Waveguide fabrication in phosphate glasses using femtosecond laser pulses.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2371–2373 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chiodo, N.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. D. Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, and O. Svelto, “Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription With a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator.” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 12, 277–285 (2006).
[Crossref]

Colomb, T.

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Slathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, “Femtosecond-irradiation-induced refractive-index changes and channel waveguiding in bulk Ti3+:Sapphire.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122–1124 (2004).
[Crossref]

Davis, K. M.

de Aldana, J. R. Vázquez

J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, C. Méndez, and L Roso, “Saturation of ablation channels micro-machined in fused silica with many femtosecond laser pulses.” Opt. Express. 14, 1329–1328 (2006).
[Crossref]

De Silvestri, S.

Delgado, D.

C. Méndez, G. A. Torchia, D. Delgado, I. Arias, and L. Roso, Fibres and Optical Passive Components, Proceedings of 2005 IEEE/LEOS Workshop.1462113, 131–134 (2005).
[Crossref]

Depeursinge, C.

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Slathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, “Femtosecond-irradiation-induced refractive-index changes and channel waveguiding in bulk Ti3+:Sapphire.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122–1124 (2004).
[Crossref]

Díez-Blanco, V.

J. Siegel, J. M. Fernández-Navarro, A. García-Navarro, V. Díez-Blanco, O. Sanz, J. Solis, F. Vega, and J. Armengol, “Waveguide structures in heavy metal oxide glass written with femtosecond laser pulses above the critical self-focusing threshold.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121109 (2005).
[Crossref]

Eaton, S. M.

Fallnich, C.

D. Kracht, M. Frede, R. Wilhelm, and C. Fallnich, ”Comparison of crystalline and ceramic composite Nd:YAG for high power diode end-pumping.” Opt. Express. 13, 6212–6216 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fernández-Navarro, J. M.

J. Siegel, J. M. Fernández-Navarro, A. García-Navarro, V. Díez-Blanco, O. Sanz, J. Solis, F. Vega, and J. Armengol, “Waveguide structures in heavy metal oxide glass written with femtosecond laser pulses above the critical self-focusing threshold.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121109 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ferrand, B.

F. J. Manjon, S. Jandl, G. Riou, B. Ferrand, and K. Syassen, “Effects of pressure on crystal-field transitions of Nd-doped YVO4.” Phys. Rev. B. 69, 165121 (2004).
[Crossref]

Frede, M.

D. Kracht, M. Frede, R. Wilhelm, and C. Fallnich, ”Comparison of crystalline and ceramic composite Nd:YAG for high power diode end-pumping.” Opt. Express. 13, 6212–6216 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Galanciak, D.

S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak, and M. Malinowski, “Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminium garnet crystal as a near-infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gamaly, E. G.

S. Juodkasis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced Microexplosion Confined in the Bulk of a Sapphire Crystal: Evidence of Multimegabar Pressures.” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 166101 (2006).
[Crossref]

García-Navarro, A.

J. Siegel, J. M. Fernández-Navarro, A. García-Navarro, V. Díez-Blanco, O. Sanz, J. Solis, F. Vega, and J. Armengol, “Waveguide structures in heavy metal oxide glass written with femtosecond laser pulses above the critical self-focusing threshold.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121109 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hallo, L

S. Juodkasis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced Microexplosion Confined in the Bulk of a Sapphire Crystal: Evidence of Multimegabar Pressures.” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 166101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hayden, J. S.

J. W. Chan, T. R. Huser, S. H. Risbud, J. S. Hayden, and D. M. Krol, “Waveguide fabrication in phosphate glasses using femtosecond laser pulses.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2371–2373 (2003).
[Crossref]

Herman, P. R.

Hewak, D.

M. Hughes, W. Yang, and D. Hewak, “Fabrication and characterization of femtosecond laser written waveguides in chalcogenide glass.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131113 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hirao, K.

Hughes, M.

M. Hughes, W. Yang, and D. Hewak, “Fabrication and characterization of femtosecond laser written waveguides in chalcogenide glass.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131113 (2007).
[Crossref]

Huser, T. R.

J. W. Chan, T. R. Huser, S. H. Risbud, J. S. Hayden, and D. M. Krol, “Waveguide fabrication in phosphate glasses using femtosecond laser pulses.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2371–2373 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ikesue, A.

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, N. Pavel, T. Taira, I. Shoji, and A. Ikesue, “Laser emission under resonant pump in the emitting level of concentrated Nd:YAG ceramics.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 590–592 (2001).
[Crossref]

Jandl, S.

F. J. Manjon, S. Jandl, G. Riou, B. Ferrand, and K. Syassen, “Effects of pressure on crystal-field transitions of Nd-doped YVO4.” Phys. Rev. B. 69, 165121 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jaque, D.

J. Lamela, A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, and F. Jaque, “Near-field optical and micro-luminescence investigations of femtosecond laser micro-structured Nd:YAG crystals.” Opt. Express 15, 3285–3290 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, I. R. Martin, F. Lahoz, and V. Lavin, “High-pressure luminescence in Nd3+-doped MgO:LiNbO3.” High Press. Research. 26, 341–344 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Ròdenas, J. A. Sanz García, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, and F. Agullò-Rueda, “Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in neodymium doped lithium Niobate crystals.” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jaque, F.

Juodkasis, S.

S. Juodkasis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced Microexplosion Confined in the Bulk of a Sapphire Crystal: Evidence of Multimegabar Pressures.” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 166101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kaminska, A.

S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak, and M. Malinowski, “Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminium garnet crystal as a near-infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kaminskii, A. A.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586–3588 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Highly efficient 2% Nd:yttrium aluminium garnet ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3707–3709 (2000).
[Crossref]

Killi, A.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. D. Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, and O. Svelto, “Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription With a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator.” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 12, 277–285 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kobyakov, S.

S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak, and M. Malinowski, “Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminium garnet crystal as a near-infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kracht, D.

D. Kracht, M. Frede, R. Wilhelm, and C. Fallnich, ”Comparison of crystalline and ceramic composite Nd:YAG for high power diode end-pumping.” Opt. Express. 13, 6212–6216 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krol, D. M.

J. W. Chan, T. R. Huser, S. H. Risbud, J. S. Hayden, and D. M. Krol, “Waveguide fabrication in phosphate glasses using femtosecond laser pulses.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2371–2373 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kudryashov, A.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586–3588 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lahoz, F.

U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, I. R. Martin, F. Lahoz, and V. Lavin, “High-pressure luminescence in Nd3+-doped MgO:LiNbO3.” High Press. Research. 26, 341–344 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lamela, J.

Laporta, P.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. D. Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, and O. Svelto, “Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription With a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator.” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 12, 277–285 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Slathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, “Femtosecond-irradiation-induced refractive-index changes and channel waveguiding in bulk Ti3+:Sapphire.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122–1124 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, M. Marangoni, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, D. Polli, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Femtosecond writing of active optical waveguides with astigmatically shaped beams.” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1559–1567 (2003).
[Crossref]

Laversenne, L.

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Slathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, “Femtosecond-irradiation-induced refractive-index changes and channel waveguiding in bulk Ti3+:Sapphire.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122–1124 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lavin, V.

U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, I. R. Martin, F. Lahoz, and V. Lavin, “High-pressure luminescence in Nd3+-doped MgO:LiNbO3.” High Press. Research. 26, 341–344 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lu, J.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586–3588 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Highly efficient 2% Nd:yttrium aluminium garnet ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3707–3709 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lupei, A.

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, N. Pavel, T. Taira, I. Shoji, and A. Ikesue, “Laser emission under resonant pump in the emitting level of concentrated Nd:YAG ceramics.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 590–592 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lupei, V.

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, N. Pavel, T. Taira, I. Shoji, and A. Ikesue, “Laser emission under resonant pump in the emitting level of concentrated Nd:YAG ceramics.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 590–592 (2001).
[Crossref]

Luther-Davies, B.

S. Juodkasis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced Microexplosion Confined in the Bulk of a Sapphire Crystal: Evidence of Multimegabar Pressures.” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 166101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Malinowski, M.

S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak, and M. Malinowski, “Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminium garnet crystal as a near-infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Manjon, F. J.

F. J. Manjon, S. Jandl, G. Riou, B. Ferrand, and K. Syassen, “Effects of pressure on crystal-field transitions of Nd-doped YVO4.” Phys. Rev. B. 69, 165121 (2004).
[Crossref]

Marangoni, M.

Marshall, G. D.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, and M. J. Withford, “Study of the influence of femtosecond laser polarization on direct writing of waveguides.” Opt. Express. 14, 13158–13163 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martin, I. R.

U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, I. R. Martin, F. Lahoz, and V. Lavin, “High-pressure luminescence in Nd3+-doped MgO:LiNbO3.” High Press. Research. 26, 341–344 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mendez, C.

A. Ròdenas, J. A. Sanz García, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, and F. Agullò-Rueda, “Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in neodymium doped lithium Niobate crystals.” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[Crossref]

Méndez, C.

J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, C. Méndez, and L Roso, “Saturation of ablation channels micro-machined in fused silica with many femtosecond laser pulses.” Opt. Express. 14, 1329–1328 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. Méndez, G. A. Torchia, D. Delgado, I. Arias, and L. Roso, Fibres and Optical Passive Components, Proceedings of 2005 IEEE/LEOS Workshop.1462113, 131–134 (2005).
[Crossref]

Misawa, H.

S. Juodkasis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced Microexplosion Confined in the Bulk of a Sapphire Crystal: Evidence of Multimegabar Pressures.” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 166101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Misawa, K.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586–3588 (2001).
[Crossref]

Miura, K.

Morgner, U.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. D. Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, and O. Svelto, “Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription With a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator.” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 12, 277–285 (2006).
[Crossref]

Murai, T.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586–3588 (2001).
[Crossref]

Nicolai, P.

S. Juodkasis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced Microexplosion Confined in the Bulk of a Sapphire Crystal: Evidence of Multimegabar Pressures.” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 166101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nishimura, K.

S. Juodkasis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced Microexplosion Confined in the Bulk of a Sapphire Crystal: Evidence of Multimegabar Pressures.” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 166101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Osellame, R.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. D. Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, and O. Svelto, “Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription With a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator.” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 12, 277–285 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Slathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, “Femtosecond-irradiation-induced refractive-index changes and channel waveguiding in bulk Ti3+:Sapphire.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122–1124 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, M. Marangoni, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, D. Polli, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Femtosecond writing of active optical waveguides with astigmatically shaped beams.” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1559–1567 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pavel, N.

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, N. Pavel, T. Taira, I. Shoji, and A. Ikesue, “Laser emission under resonant pump in the emitting level of concentrated Nd:YAG ceramics.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 590–592 (2001).
[Crossref]

Polli, D.

Pollnau, M.

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Slathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, “Femtosecond-irradiation-induced refractive-index changes and channel waveguiding in bulk Ti3+:Sapphire.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122–1124 (2004).
[Crossref]

Prabhu, M.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586–3588 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Highly efficient 2% Nd:yttrium aluminium garnet ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3707–3709 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ramponi, R.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. D. Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, and O. Svelto, “Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription With a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator.” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 12, 277–285 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Osellame, S. Taccheo, M. Marangoni, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, D. Polli, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Femtosecond writing of active optical waveguides with astigmatically shaped beams.” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 1559–1567 (2003).
[Crossref]

Riou, G.

F. J. Manjon, S. Jandl, G. Riou, B. Ferrand, and K. Syassen, “Effects of pressure on crystal-field transitions of Nd-doped YVO4.” Phys. Rev. B. 69, 165121 (2004).
[Crossref]

Risbud, S. H.

J. W. Chan, T. R. Huser, S. H. Risbud, J. S. Hayden, and D. M. Krol, “Waveguide fabrication in phosphate glasses using femtosecond laser pulses.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2371–2373 (2003).
[Crossref]

Rodenas, A.

J. Lamela, A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, and F. Jaque, “Near-field optical and micro-luminescence investigations of femtosecond laser micro-structured Nd:YAG crystals.” Opt. Express 15, 3285–3290 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, I. R. Martin, F. Lahoz, and V. Lavin, “High-pressure luminescence in Nd3+-doped MgO:LiNbO3.” High Press. Research. 26, 341–344 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ròdenas, A.

A. Ròdenas, J. A. Sanz García, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, and F. Agullò-Rueda, “Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in neodymium doped lithium Niobate crystals.” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rodríguez-Mendoza, U. R.

U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, I. R. Martin, F. Lahoz, and V. Lavin, “High-pressure luminescence in Nd3+-doped MgO:LiNbO3.” High Press. Research. 26, 341–344 (2006).
[Crossref]

Roso, L

J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, C. Méndez, and L Roso, “Saturation of ablation channels micro-machined in fused silica with many femtosecond laser pulses.” Opt. Express. 14, 1329–1328 (2006).
[Crossref]

Roso, L.

A. Ròdenas, J. A. Sanz García, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, and F. Agullò-Rueda, “Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in neodymium doped lithium Niobate crystals.” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. Méndez, G. A. Torchia, D. Delgado, I. Arias, and L. Roso, Fibres and Optical Passive Components, Proceedings of 2005 IEEE/LEOS Workshop.1462113, 131–134 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sanz, O.

J. Siegel, J. M. Fernández-Navarro, A. García-Navarro, V. Díez-Blanco, O. Sanz, J. Solis, F. Vega, and J. Armengol, “Waveguide structures in heavy metal oxide glass written with femtosecond laser pulses above the critical self-focusing threshold.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121109 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sanz García, J. A.

A. Ròdenas, J. A. Sanz García, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, and F. Agullò-Rueda, “Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in neodymium doped lithium Niobate crystals.” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[Crossref]

Shoji, I.

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, N. Pavel, T. Taira, I. Shoji, and A. Ikesue, “Laser emission under resonant pump in the emitting level of concentrated Nd:YAG ceramics.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 590–592 (2001).
[Crossref]

Siegel, J.

J. Siegel, J. M. Fernández-Navarro, A. García-Navarro, V. Díez-Blanco, O. Sanz, J. Solis, F. Vega, and J. Armengol, “Waveguide structures in heavy metal oxide glass written with femtosecond laser pulses above the critical self-focusing threshold.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121109 (2005).
[Crossref]

Slathé, R. P.

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Slathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, “Femtosecond-irradiation-induced refractive-index changes and channel waveguiding in bulk Ti3+:Sapphire.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122–1124 (2004).
[Crossref]

Solis, J.

J. Siegel, J. M. Fernández-Navarro, A. García-Navarro, V. Díez-Blanco, O. Sanz, J. Solis, F. Vega, and J. Armengol, “Waveguide structures in heavy metal oxide glass written with femtosecond laser pulses above the critical self-focusing threshold.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121109 (2005).
[Crossref]

Suchocki, A.

S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak, and M. Malinowski, “Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminium garnet crystal as a near-infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sugimoto, N.

Svelto, O.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. D. Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, and O. Svelto, “Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription With a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator.” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 12, 277–285 (2006).
[Crossref]

Syassen, K.

F. J. Manjon, S. Jandl, G. Riou, B. Ferrand, and K. Syassen, “Effects of pressure on crystal-field transitions of Nd-doped YVO4.” Phys. Rev. B. 69, 165121 (2004).
[Crossref]

Taccheo, S.

Taira, T.

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, N. Pavel, T. Taira, I. Shoji, and A. Ikesue, “Laser emission under resonant pump in the emitting level of concentrated Nd:YAG ceramics.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 590–592 (2001).
[Crossref]

Takaichi, K.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586–3588 (2001).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, S.

S. Juodkasis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced Microexplosion Confined in the Bulk of a Sapphire Crystal: Evidence of Multimegabar Pressures.” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 166101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tikhonchuk, V. T.

S. Juodkasis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced Microexplosion Confined in the Bulk of a Sapphire Crystal: Evidence of Multimegabar Pressures.” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 166101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Torchia, G. A.

A. Ròdenas, J. A. Sanz García, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, and F. Agullò-Rueda, “Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in neodymium doped lithium Niobate crystals.” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. Méndez, G. A. Torchia, D. Delgado, I. Arias, and L. Roso, Fibres and Optical Passive Components, Proceedings of 2005 IEEE/LEOS Workshop.1462113, 131–134 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ueda, K.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586–3588 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Highly efficient 2% Nd:yttrium aluminium garnet ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3707–3709 (2000).
[Crossref]

Uematsu, T.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586–3588 (2001).
[Crossref]

Valle, G. D.

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. D. Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, and O. Svelto, “Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription With a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator.” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 12, 277–285 (2006).
[Crossref]

Vega, F.

J. Siegel, J. M. Fernández-Navarro, A. García-Navarro, V. Díez-Blanco, O. Sanz, J. Solis, F. Vega, and J. Armengol, “Waveguide structures in heavy metal oxide glass written with femtosecond laser pulses above the critical self-focusing threshold.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121109 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wilhelm, R.

D. Kracht, M. Frede, R. Wilhelm, and C. Fallnich, ”Comparison of crystalline and ceramic composite Nd:YAG for high power diode end-pumping.” Opt. Express. 13, 6212–6216 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Withford, M. J.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, and M. J. Withford, “Study of the influence of femtosecond laser polarization on direct writing of waveguides.” Opt. Express. 14, 13158–13163 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, J.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586–3588 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Highly efficient 2% Nd:yttrium aluminium garnet ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3707–3709 (2000).
[Crossref]

Yagi, H.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586–3588 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Highly efficient 2% Nd:yttrium aluminium garnet ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3707–3709 (2000).
[Crossref]

Yanagitani, T.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586–3588 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Highly efficient 2% Nd:yttrium aluminium garnet ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3707–3709 (2000).
[Crossref]

Yang, W.

M. Hughes, W. Yang, and D. Hewak, “Fabrication and characterization of femtosecond laser written waveguides in chalcogenide glass.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131113 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (8)

J. W. Chan, T. R. Huser, S. H. Risbud, J. S. Hayden, and D. M. Krol, “Waveguide fabrication in phosphate glasses using femtosecond laser pulses.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2371–2373 (2003).
[Crossref]

V. Apostolopoulos, L. Laversenne, T. Colomb, C. Depeursinge, R. P. Slathé, M. Pollnau, R. Osellame, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, “Femtosecond-irradiation-induced refractive-index changes and channel waveguiding in bulk Ti3+:Sapphire.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1122–1124 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Siegel, J. M. Fernández-Navarro, A. García-Navarro, V. Díez-Blanco, O. Sanz, J. Solis, F. Vega, and J. Armengol, “Waveguide structures in heavy metal oxide glass written with femtosecond laser pulses above the critical self-focusing threshold.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121109 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Highly efficient 2% Nd:yttrium aluminium garnet ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3707–3709 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, “72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586–3588 (2001).
[Crossref]

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, N. Pavel, T. Taira, I. Shoji, and A. Ikesue, “Laser emission under resonant pump in the emitting level of concentrated Nd:YAG ceramics.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 590–592 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Kobyakov, A. Kaminska, A. Suchocki, D. Galanciak, and M. Malinowski, “Nd3+-doped yttrium aluminium garnet crystal as a near-infrared pressure sensor for diamond anvil cells.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 234102 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Hughes, W. Yang, and D. Hewak, “Fabrication and characterization of femtosecond laser written waveguides in chalcogenide glass.” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 131113 (2007).
[Crossref]

High Press. Research. (1)

U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, A. Rodenas, D. Jaque, I. R. Martin, F. Lahoz, and V. Lavin, “High-pressure luminescence in Nd3+-doped MgO:LiNbO3.” High Press. Research. 26, 341–344 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron (1)

R. Osellame, N. Chiodo, G. D. Valle, G. Cerullo, R. Ramponi, P. Laporta, A. Killi, U. Morgner, and O. Svelto, “Waveguide Lasers in the C-Band Fabricated by Laser Inscription With a Compact Femtosecond Oscillator.” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 12, 277–285 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Ròdenas, J. A. Sanz García, D. Jaque, G. A. Torchia, C. Mendez, I. Arias, L. Roso, and F. Agullò-Rueda, “Optical investigations of femtosecond laser induced microstress in neodymium doped lithium Niobate crystals.” J. Appl. Phys. 100, 033521 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Express. (3)

J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, C. Méndez, and L Roso, “Saturation of ablation channels micro-machined in fused silica with many femtosecond laser pulses.” Opt. Express. 14, 1329–1328 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, and M. J. Withford, “Study of the influence of femtosecond laser polarization on direct writing of waveguides.” Opt. Express. 14, 13158–13163 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Kracht, M. Frede, R. Wilhelm, and C. Fallnich, ”Comparison of crystalline and ceramic composite Nd:YAG for high power diode end-pumping.” Opt. Express. 13, 6212–6216 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B. (1)

F. J. Manjon, S. Jandl, G. Riou, B. Ferrand, and K. Syassen, “Effects of pressure on crystal-field transitions of Nd-doped YVO4.” Phys. Rev. B. 69, 165121 (2004).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Juodkasis, K. Nishimura, S. Tanaka, H. Misawa, E. G. Gamaly, B. Luther-Davies, L Hallo, P. Nicolai, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, “Laser-induced Microexplosion Confined in the Bulk of a Sapphire Crystal: Evidence of Multimegabar Pressures.” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 166101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

C. Méndez, G. A. Torchia, D. Delgado, I. Arias, and L. Roso, Fibres and Optical Passive Components, Proceedings of 2005 IEEE/LEOS Workshop.1462113, 131–134 (2005).
[Crossref]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a). Optical micrograph of the cross section of the ablation groove created in the Nd:YAG ceramic with a peak laser fluence of 4 J/cm2 and (b) output modal intensity distribution of the surface waveguide created in the Nd:YAG ceramic with a peak laser fluence of 4 J/cm2.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Room temperature 4F3/24I11/2 micro-luminescence spectra obtained in the Nd:YAG ceramic bulk and in the fs written channel waveguide (at positions denoted by B and A in Fig. 1(a), respectively).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Peak position and FWHM of the most isolated emission peak within the 4F3/24I11/2 band (λ=1.052 μm). The results obtained along Scan 1 and Scan 2 in Fig. 1(a) correspond to Figures 3(a) and 3(b), respectively. Colored bands inside Fig. 3 indicate the spatial extension of the surface channel waveguide modal intensity distribution as seen from Fig. 1(b).

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