Abstract

We present a new scheme to generate efficient isolated attosecond pulse by using the combination of a fundamental and a weak second harmonic (SH) field in the multi-cycle regime. Because of the symmetry breaking of the electric field, the ionization dynamics of the electron can be controlled by adjusting the relative phase of the two fields. Then attosecond (as) pulses will be generated each full optical cycle of the fundamental field. Our simulation shows that the intensity of the single attosecond pulse can be enhanced by an order of magnitude in our scheme compared with the scheme in [Opt. Lett. 31, 975 (2006)].

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field,” Opt. Lett 31,975–977 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Wester-walbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427,817–821 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. B. Corkum, “Plasma Perspective on Strong-Field Multiphoton Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett 71,1994–1997 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. Antoine, A. L’’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Attosecond Pulse Trains Using High-Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett 77,1234–1237 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Direct observation of attosec-ond light bunching,” Nature (London) 426,267–271 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-Harmonic Generation of Attosecond Pulses in the “Single-Cycle” Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett 78,1251–1254 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London) 414,509–513 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. B. Corcum, N. H. Burnett, and M. Y. Ivanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett 19,1870–1872 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. V. T. Platonenko and V. V. Strelkov, “Single attosecond soft-x-ray pulse generated with a limited laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16,435–440 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. V. Strelkov, A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, R. L. Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mevel, and E. Constant, “Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse,” J. Phys. B 38,L161–L167 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses,” Science 314,443–446 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49,2117–2132 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. V. Ammesov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64,1191–1194 (1986).
  14. S. Zamith, Y. Ni, A. Gurtler, L. D. Noordam, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of atomic ionization by two-color few-cycle pulses,” Opt. Lett 29,2303–2305 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field,” Opt. Lett 31,975–977 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses,” Science 314,443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

V. Strelkov, A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, R. L. Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mevel, and E. Constant, “Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse,” J. Phys. B 38,L161–L167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

S. Zamith, Y. Ni, A. Gurtler, L. D. Noordam, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of atomic ionization by two-color few-cycle pulses,” Opt. Lett 29,2303–2305 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Wester-walbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427,817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Direct observation of attosec-ond light bunching,” Nature (London) 426,267–271 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London) 414,509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-Harmonic Generation of Attosecond Pulses in the “Single-Cycle” Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett 78,1251–1254 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

P. Antoine, A. L’’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Attosecond Pulse Trains Using High-Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett 77,1234–1237 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (2)

P. B. Corcum, N. H. Burnett, and M. Y. Ivanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett 19,1870–1872 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49,2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma Perspective on Strong-Field Multiphoton Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett 71,1994–1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

M. V. Ammesov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64,1191–1194 (1986).

Abel, M. J.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field,” Opt. Lett 31,975–977 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Altucci, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses,” Science 314,443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ammesov, M. V.

M. V. Ammesov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64,1191–1194 (1986).

Antoine, P.

P. Antoine, A. L’’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Attosecond Pulse Trains Using High-Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett 77,1234–1237 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Avaldi, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses,” Science 314,443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balcou, P.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49,2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Wester-walbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427,817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bammer, F.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Wester-walbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427,817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Benedetti, E.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses,” Science 314,443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brabec, T.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London) 414,509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Burnett, N. H.

P. B. Corcum, N. H. Burnett, and M. Y. Ivanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett 19,1870–1872 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Calegari, F.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses,” Science 314,443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Charalambidis, D.

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Direct observation of attosec-ond light bunching,” Nature (London) 426,267–271 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Christov, I. P.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-Harmonic Generation of Attosecond Pulses in the “Single-Cycle” Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett 78,1251–1254 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Constant, E.

V. Strelkov, A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, R. L. Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mevel, and E. Constant, “Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse,” J. Phys. B 38,L161–L167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Corcum, P. B.

P. B. Corcum, N. H. Burnett, and M. Y. Ivanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett 19,1870–1872 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London) 414,509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P. B.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49,2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma Perspective on Strong-Field Multiphoton Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett 71,1994–1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cormier, E.

V. Strelkov, A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, R. L. Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mevel, and E. Constant, “Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse,” J. Phys. B 38,L161–L167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Delone, N. B.

M. V. Ammesov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64,1191–1194 (1986).

Drescher, M.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Wester-walbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427,817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London) 414,509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Flammini, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses,” Science 314,443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gallmann, L.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field,” Opt. Lett 31,975–977 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Wester-walbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427,817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gurtler, A.

S. Zamith, Y. Ni, A. Gurtler, L. D. Noordam, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of atomic ionization by two-color few-cycle pulses,” Opt. Lett 29,2303–2305 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heinzmann, U.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Wester-walbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427,817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London) 414,509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London) 414,509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, M. Y.

P. B. Corcum, N. H. Burnett, and M. Y. Ivanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett 19,1870–1872 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49,2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-Harmonic Generation of Attosecond Pulses in the “Single-Cycle” Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett 78,1251–1254 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kienberger, R.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Wester-walbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427,817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kienerger, R.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London) 414,509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kleineberg, U.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Wester-walbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427,817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Krainov, V. P.

M. V. Ammesov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64,1191–1194 (1986).

Krausz, F.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Wester-walbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427,817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London) 414,509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L’’Huillier, A.

P. Antoine, A. L’’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Attosecond Pulse Trains Using High-Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett 77,1234–1237 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L’Huillier, A.

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49,2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leone, S. R.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field,” Opt. Lett 31,975–977 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lewenstein, M.

P. Antoine, A. L’’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Attosecond Pulse Trains Using High-Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett 77,1234–1237 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, P. Balcou, M. Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49,2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martens, R. L.

V. Strelkov, A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, R. L. Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mevel, and E. Constant, “Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse,” J. Phys. B 38,L161–L167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mevel, E.

V. Strelkov, A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, R. L. Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mevel, and E. Constant, “Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse,” J. Phys. B 38,L161–L167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Milosevic, N.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London) 414,509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Muller, H. G.

S. Zamith, Y. Ni, A. Gurtler, L. D. Noordam, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of atomic ionization by two-color few-cycle pulses,” Opt. Lett 29,2303–2305 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-Harmonic Generation of Attosecond Pulses in the “Single-Cycle” Regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett 78,1251–1254 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Neumark, D. M.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field,” Opt. Lett 31,975–977 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ni, Y.

S. Zamith, Y. Ni, A. Gurtler, L. D. Noordam, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of atomic ionization by two-color few-cycle pulses,” Opt. Lett 29,2303–2305 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nisoli, M.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses,” Science 314,443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noordam, L. D.

S. Zamith, Y. Ni, A. Gurtler, L. D. Noordam, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of atomic ionization by two-color few-cycle pulses,” Opt. Lett 29,2303–2305 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Papadogiannis, N. A.

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Direct observation of attosec-ond light bunching,” Nature (London) 426,267–271 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pfeifer, T.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field,” Opt. Lett 31,975–977 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Platonenko, V. T.

Poletto, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses,” Science 314,443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reider, G. A.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London) 414,509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses,” Science 314,443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scrinzi, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Wester-walbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427,817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Silvestri, S.De

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses,” Science 314,443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, C.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienerger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London) 414,509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses,” Science 314,443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strelkov, V.

V. Strelkov, A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, R. L. Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mevel, and E. Constant, “Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse,” J. Phys. B 38,L161–L167 (2005).
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Strelkov, V. V.

Tcherbakoff, O.

V. Strelkov, A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, R. L. Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mevel, and E. Constant, “Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse,” J. Phys. B 38,L161–L167 (2005).
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Tsakiris, G. D.

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Direct observation of attosec-ond light bunching,” Nature (London) 426,267–271 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tzallas, P.

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Direct observation of attosec-ond light bunching,” Nature (London) 426,267–271 (2003).
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Uiberacker, M.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Wester-walbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427,817–821 (2004).
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Velotta, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses,” Science 314,443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villoresi, P.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses,” Science 314,443–446 (2006).
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G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated Single-Cycle Attosecond Pulses,” Science 314,443–446 (2006).
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S. Zamith, Y. Ni, A. Gurtler, L. D. Noordam, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of atomic ionization by two-color few-cycle pulses,” Opt. Lett 29,2303–2305 (2004).
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R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Wester-walbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427,817–821 (2004).
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Witte, K.

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N. A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G. D. Tsakiris, “Direct observation of attosec-ond light bunching,” Nature (London) 426,267–271 (2003).
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R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Wester-walbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427,817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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V. Strelkov, A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, R. L. Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mevel, and E. Constant, “Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse,” J. Phys. B 38,L161–L167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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S. Zamith, Y. Ni, A. Gurtler, L. D. Noordam, H. G. Muller, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Control of atomic ionization by two-color few-cycle pulses,” Opt. Lett 29,2303–2305 (2004).
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J. Phys. B (1)

V. Strelkov, A. Zair, O. Tcherbakoff, R. L. Martens, E. Cormier, E. Mevel, and E. Constant, “Single attosecond pulse production with an ellipticity-modulated driving IR pulse,” J. Phys. B 38,L161–L167 (2005).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Harmonic spectrum (a) and the spectrogram (b) of harmonic radiation from Neon exposed to a 21 fs, 800 nm, two-color field.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Time profiles of the harmonic attosecond pulse trains from the first cut-off region (a) and the second cut-off region (b) in Fig. 1(a).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Classical ionization (black stars) and recombination times (red diamonds) as a function of the return kinetic energy in unit of the ponderomotive potential Up. The arrows demonstrate the evolution process of the electron. (b) Time-dependence of the cw field (blue solid line) amplitude and the ionization rate (black dashed line).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Ratio of the maximum kinetic energies in the first versus the second half-cycle as a function of the relative phase between the fundamental and the SH fields. (b) Radio of the ionization rates of electrons with maximum kinetic energies in the first versus the second half-cycle as a function of the relative phase between the fundamental and the SH field.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Temporal profiles of the isolated attosecond pulses generated with the first scheme (dashed line) at ϕ = 1.5π and the second scheme (solid line) at ϕ = 0.8π.

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